Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Melanoplus bivittatus
(twostriped grasshopper)

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Datasheet

Melanoplus bivittatus (twostriped grasshopper)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Melanoplus bivittatus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • twostriped grasshopper
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
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    UK
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Melanoplus bivittatus (Say)

Preferred Common Name

  • twostriped grasshopper

Other Scientific Names

  • Acrydium flavo-vittatum Harris, 1841
  • Caloptenus femoratus Burmeister, 1836
  • Gryllus bivittatus Say, 1825
  • Melanoplus bivittatus Scudder, 1874
  • Melanoplus bivittatus femoratus Morse, 1894

International Common Names

  • French: criquet birayé; locuste a deux bandes

EPPO code

  • MENPBI (Melanoplus bivittatus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Orthoptera
  •                         Family: Acrididae
  •                             Genus: Melanoplus
  •                                 Species: Melanoplus bivittatus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

North America

CanadaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-AlbertaWidespreadVickery and Kevan, 1993
-British ColumbiaWidespreadVickery and Kevan, 1993
-ManitobaWidespreadVickery and Kevan, 1993
-New BrunswickPresentMcAlpine, 2009
-Newfoundland and LabradorWidespreadVickery and Kevan, 1993
-Nova ScotiaPresentVickery and Kevan, 1993
-OntarioWidespreadVickery and Kevan, 1993
-QuebecWidespreadVickery and Kevan, 1993
-SaskatchewanWidespreadVickery and Kevan, 1993
USAPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-AlabamaPresentCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-ArizonaWidespreadCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-ArkansasWidespreadCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-CaliforniaWidespreadCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-ColoradoWidespreadCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-ConnecticutWidespreadCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-DelawareWidespreadCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-GeorgiaPresentCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-IdahoWidespreadCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-IllinoisWidespreadCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-IndianaWidespreadCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-IowaWidespreadCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-KansasWidespreadCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-KentuckyWidespreadCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-LouisianaPresentCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-MainePresentCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-MarylandPresentCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-MassachusettsPresentCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-MichiganWidespreadCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-MinnesotaWidespreadCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-MississippiPresentCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-MissouriWidespreadCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-MontanaWidespreadCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-NebraskaWidespreadCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-NevadaWidespreadCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-New HampshirePresentCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-New JerseyPresentCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-New MexicoWidespreadCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-New YorkPresentCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-North CarolinaPresentCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-North DakotaWidespreadMulkern et al., 1964; Capinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-OhioPresentCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-OklahomaWidespreadCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-OregonWidespreadCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-PennsylvaniaPresentCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-Rhode IslandPresentCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-South CarolinaPresentCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-South DakotaWidespreadCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-TennesseePresentCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-TexasWidespreadCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-UtahWidespreadCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-VermontPresentCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-VirginiaPresentCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-WashingtonWidespreadCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-West VirginiaPresentCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-WisconsinWidespreadCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994
-WyomingWidespreadCapinera and Sechrist, 1982; Pfadt, 1994

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Inflorescence / external feeding
Leaves / external feeding
Seeds / external feeding
Stems / external feeding
Whole plant / external feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Acemya tibialis Parasite Adults
Acridomyia canadensis Parasite Adults
Aspergillus parasiticus Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen
Blaesoxipha atlantis Parasite Adults
Blaesoxipha hunteri Parasite Nymphs
Blaesoxipha kelleyi Parasite Adults
Blaesoxipha reversa Parasite Adults
Carabidae Predator Eggs
Dysartia latigena Predator Adults/Nymphs
Entomophaga calopteni Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Entomophaga grylli Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Lecanicillium lecanii Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Linsleya sphaericollis Parasite Eggs
Mermis nigrescens Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Metarhizium anisopliae var. acridum Pathogen
Neorhynchocephalus sackenii Parasite
Nosema locustae Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Scelio opacus Parasite Eggs
Sphex atratus Parasite Adults
Systoechus vulgaris Predator Eggs

References

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Alexander G; Hillard JR, 1969. Altitudinal and seasonal distribution of Orthoptera in the Rocky Mountains of northern Colorado. Ecological Monograph, 39:385-431.

Andersen NL, 1964. Some relationships between grasshoppers and vegetation. Annals of Entomological Society of America, 57:736-742.

Bailey CG; Mukerji MK, 1976. Feeding habits and food preferences of Melanoplus bivittatus and M. femurrubrum (Orthoptera: Acrididae). Canadian Entomologist, 108(11):1207-1212.

Brooks AR, 1958. Acridoidea of southern Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba (Orthoptera). Supplement 9, The Canadian Entomologist. 90.

Bruner L, 1897. The grasshoppers that occur in Nebraska. Annual Report Entomologist, State Board of Agriculture, 105-138.

Capinera JL; Sechrist TS, 1982. Grasshoppers (Acrididae) of Colorado: identification, biology and management. Colorado, USA: Colorado State University Experiment Station Fort Collins, v + 161 pp.

Criddle N, 1933. Studies in the biology of North American Acrididae: development and habitats. World Grain Exhibition Conference Proceedings, 2:474-494.

Dysart RJ, 1994. Insect predators and parasites of grasshopper eggs. In: Grasshopper Integrated Pest Management User Handbook. Technical Bulletin, 1809. Riverdale, USA: USDA/APHIS, 1-20.

Fisher JR, 1994. Temperature effect on postdiapause development and survival of embryos of three species of Melanoplus (Orthoptera: Acrididae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 87(5):604-608.

Foster RN; Onsager JA, 1994. Sprays versus Baits. Grasshopper Integrated Pest Management User Handbook. Technical Bulletin, 1809. Riverdale, USA: USDA/APHIS, 1-3.

Foster RN; Reuter KC, 1994. Evaluation of rangeland grasshopper controls: a general protocol for efficacy studies of insecticide applied from the air. Grasshopper Integrated Pest Management User Handbook. Technical Bulletin, 1809. Riverdale, USA: USDA/APHIS, 1-7.

Gillespie RL; Kemp WP, 1994. Comparison of age structure of three Melanoplus ssp. (Orthoptera: Acrididae) in winter wheat and adjacent rangeland. Canadian Entomologist, 126(6):1277-1285.

Gillespie RL; Kemp WP, 1995. Habitat associations of grasshopper species (Orthoptera: Acrididae) in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and adjacent rangeland. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 68(4):415-424; 27 ref.

Gillespie RL; Kemp WP, 1996. Sampling method assessment and quantification of temporal shifts in densities of grasshopper species (Orthoptera: Acrididae) between winter wheat, Triticum aestivum, and adjacent rangeland. Environmental Entomology, 25(3):559-569; 36 ref.

Gillespie RL; Pond DB, 1987. Effect of aerial and hand application of Nosema locustae Canning on grasshopper populations infesting small grains. Technical Bulletin, 87-1. Helena, Motana, USA: Montana Department of Agriculture.

Gillespie RL; Wight R, 1985. Crop and rangeland grasshopper management guide. Technical Bulletin, 85-2. Helena, Montana, USA: Montana Department of Agriculture.

Hanford RH, 1946. The identification of nymphs of the genus Melanoplus of Manitoba and adjacent areas. Scientific Agriculture, 26:147-178.

Hart CA, 1906. Descriptive Synopsis of Insect Collections. Part 2. Orthoptera. Illinois, USA: Illinois State Laboratory Natural History.

Hebard M, 1928. The Orthoptera of Montana. Proceedings Natural Academy Sciences. Philadelphia, 80:211-306.

Helfer JR, 1972. The Grasshoppers, Cockroaches, and their Allies. 2nd edition. Dubuque IA, USA: Wm. C. Brown Company Publishing.

Hewitt GB, 1979. Hatching and development of rangeland grasshoppers in relation to forage growth, temperature, and precipitation. Environmental Entomology, 8(1):24-29.

Hostetter DL, 1994. Natural enemies attacking grasshopper nymhs and adults. Grasshopper Integrated Pest Management User Handbook. Technical Bulletin, 1809. Riverdale, USA: USDA/APHIS, 1-7.

Hostetter DL; Streett DA, 1994. Grasshopper pathogens and integrated pest management. Grasshopper Integrated Pest Management User Handbook. Technical Bulletin, 1809. Riverdale, USA: USDA/APHIS, 1-6.

MacFarlane JH; Thorsteinson AJ, 1980. Development and survival of the two striped grasshopper, Melanoplus bivittatus (Say) (Orthoptera: Acrididae), on various single and multiple plant diets. Acrida, 9(2):63-76.

McAlpine DF, 2009. First occurrence of Roesel's bush cricket, Metrioptera roeselii, (Hagenbach), (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae), in New Brunswick. Journal of the Acadian Entomological Society, 5(5):1-2. http://www.acadianes.org/journal/papers/bushcricket_0902.pdf

McEwen LC; Petersen BE; Althouse CM, 1994. Birds and wildlife as grasshopper predators. Grasshopper Integrated Pest Management User Handbook. Technical Bulletin, 1809. Riverdale, USA: USDA/APHIS, 1-3.

Mulkern GB; Pruess KP; Knutson H; Hagen AF; Campbell JB; Lambley JD, 1969. Food habits and preferences of grassland grasshoppers of the North Central Great Plains. Bulletin of the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station, 481:31pp.

Mulkern GB; Toczek PR; Brusven MA, 1964. Biology and ecology on North Dakota grasshoppers. II. Food Habits and Preferences of Grasshoppers Associated with the Sand Hill prairie. North Dakota, USA: Research Report North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station, 11.

Onsager JA; Mulkern GB, 1963. Identification of Eggs and Egg Pods of North Dakota Grasshoppers (Orthoptera:Acrididae). North Dakota, USA: North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin, 446.

Parker JR; Shotwell RL, 1932. Devastation of a large area by differential and the twostriped grasshoppers. Journal of Economic Entomology, 25:174-196.

Pfadt RE, 1994. Field guide to common western grasshoppers. Grasshopper Integrated Pest Management User Handbook. Technical Bulletin, 1809. Riverdale, USA: USDA/APHIS.

Putman LG; Hanford RH, 1958. Two year and one year life cycles in Melanoplus bivittatus (Say) (Orthoptera:Acrididae) in western Canada. Proceedings Tenth International Congress of Entomology, Montreal 1956, 2:651-656.

Rees NE, 1973. Arthropod and Nematode Parasites, Parasitoids, and Predators of Acrididae in America North of Mexico. Technical Bulletin 1460. Washington DC, USA: USDA.

Reuter KC; Foster RN, 1994. Sucess with reduced rates of carbaryl, malathion, and acephate sprays. Grasshopper Integrated Pest Management User Handbook. Technical Bulletin, 1809. Riverdale, USA: USDA/APHIS, 1-3.

Scudder SH, 1897. Revision of Melanopli. Proceedings U.S. Natural Museum. 20: 421 pp.

Shotwell RL, 1941. Life histories and habitats of some grasshoppers of economic importance on the Great Plains. USDA Technical Bulletin, 774.

Streett DA, 1994. Nosema locustae. Grasshopper Integrated Pest Management User Handbook. Technical Bulletin, 1809. Riverdale, USA: USDA/APHIS, 1-3.

Tuck JB; Smith RC, 1939. Identification of the eggs of midwestern grasshoppers by chorionic sculpturing. Kansas State Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin, 48.

Uvarov BP, 1966. Grasshoppers and Locusts, Vol 1. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Vaughn JL; Brooks WM; Capinera JL; Couch TL; Maddox JV, 1994. Utility of Nosema locustae in suppression of rangeland grasshoppers. Grasshopper Integrated Pest Management User Handbook. Technical Bulletin, 1809. Riverdale, USA: USDA/APHIS, 1-5.

Vickery VR; Kevan DKMcE, 1985. The grasshoppers, crickets, and related insects of Canada and adjacent regions. Ulonata: Dermaptera, Cheleutoptera, Notoptera, Dictuoptera, Grylloptera, and Orthoptera. Insects and Arachnids of Canada Ottawa, Canada; Agriculture Canada, Part 14:918pp.

Distribution Maps

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