Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Megastigmus specularis
(fir seed chalcid)

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Datasheet

Megastigmus specularis (fir seed chalcid)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 25 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Megastigmus specularis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • fir seed chalcid
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Adult female of M. specularis, lateral view.
TitleAdult
CaptionAdult female of M. specularis, lateral view.
CopyrightAlain Roques
Adult female of M. specularis, lateral view.
AdultAdult female of M. specularis, lateral view.Alain Roques

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Megastigmus specularis Walley

Preferred Common Name

  • fir seed chalcid

Other Scientific Names

  • Megastigmus gronblomi Kangas

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hymenoptera
  •                         Family: Torymidae
  •                             Genus: Megastigmus
  •                                 Species: Megastigmus specularis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Europe

DenmarkPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveOchsner and Jensen (1998); Jensen and Ochsner (1999)
FinlandPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKangas (1945); Vikberg (1966); Annila (1970)
FrancePresent, LocalizedIntroducedRoques and Skrzypczyńska (2003)
RussiaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-Central RussiaPresentIntroducedVikberg (1966); BOUCEK (1970)
-Northern RussiaPresentIntroducedVikberg (1966); BOUCEK (1970)
-Western SiberiaPresentIntroducedVikberg (1966); BOUCEK (1970)
SwedenPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)Original citation: Hansson, 1991

North America

CanadaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-AlbertaPresentNativeHedlin et al. (1980)
-ManitobaPresentNativeHedlin (1956); Hedlin et al. (1980)
-New BrunswickPresentNativeMilliron (1949); Hedlin et al. (1980)
-Newfoundland and LabradorPresentNativeHedlin et al. (1980)
-Nova ScotiaPresentNativeHedlin et al. (1980)
-NunavutPresentNativeHedlin et al. (1980)
-OntarioPresentNativeHedlin et al. (1980)
-QuebecPresentNativeHedlin et al. (1980)
-SaskatchewanPresentNativeHedlin (1956); Hedlin et al. (1980)
United StatesPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-ConnecticutPresentNativeHedlin et al. (1980)
-DelawarePresentNativeHedlin et al. (1980)
-KentuckyPresentNativeHedlin et al. (1980)
-MainePresentNativeHedlin et al. (1980)
-MassachusettsPresentNativeMilliron (1949); Hedlin et al. (1980)
-MichiganPresentNativeHedlin et al. (1980)
-MinnesotaPresentNativeMilliron (1949); Hedlin et al. (1980)
-New HampshirePresentNativeMilliron (1949); Hedlin et al. (1980)
-New JerseyPresentNativeHedlin et al. (1980)
-New YorkPresentNativeHedlin et al. (1980)
-North CarolinaPresentNativeHedlin et al. (1980)
-North DakotaPresentNativeHedlin et al. (1980)
-OhioPresentNativeHedlin et al. (1980)
-PennsylvaniaPresentNativeHedlin et al. (1980)
-Rhode IslandPresentNativeHedlin et al. (1980)
-South CarolinaPresentNativeHedlin et al. (1980)
-TennesseePresentNativeHedlin et al. (1980)
-VermontPresentNativeHedlin et al. (1980)
-VirginiaPresentNativeHedlin et al. (1980)
-West VirginiaPresentNativeHedlin et al. (1980)
-WisconsinPresentNativeHedlin et al. (1980)

Habitat List

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CategorySub-CategoryHabitatPresenceStatus
Terrestrial

References

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Annila E, 1970. Host trees and emergence of Megastigmus specularis Walley (Hym., Torymidae). Annales Entomologici Fennici, 36(4):186-190

Boucek Z, 1970. On some British Megastigmus (Hym., Torymidae), with a revised key to the West European species. Entomologist's Gazette, 21:265-275.

Hansson C, 1991. A catalogue of Chalcidoidea described by CG Thomson, with a checklist of Swedish species. Entomologica Scandinavica, Supplement 38.

Hedlin AF, 1956. Studies on the balsam-fir seed chalcid, Megastigmus specularis Walley (Hymenoptera: Chalcididae). The Canadian Entomologist, 88:691-697.

Hedlin AF; Yates HOIII; Cibrian-Tovar D; Ebel BH; Koerber TW; Merkel EP; eds, 1980. Cone and seed insects of North American conifers. Ottawa, Canada: Environment Canada/Canadian Forestry Service, Washington DC, USA: US Forest Service, Mexico, Mexico: Secretaria de Agricultura y Recursos Hidraulicos.

Jensen TS; Ochsner P, 1999. Indigenous and introduced seed chalcids in Denmark - with a revised key to the Danish species (Hymenoptera: Torymidae). Entomologiske Meddelelser, 67(2):47-56; 17 ref.

Kangas E, 1945. Eine neue Megastigmus-Art (Hym., Chalcicidae) als SamenschSdling an Abies sibirica. Annales Entomologici Fennici, 11:177-184.

Milliron HE, 1949. Taxonomic and biological investigations in genus Megastigmus, with particular references to the taxonomy of Nearctic species (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Callimomidae). American Naturalist, 41:257-420.

Ochsner P; Jensen TS, 1998. Diversity and phenology of Megastigmus spp. colonizing seeds of Abies spp. in Denmark. In: Battisti A, Turgeon JJ, eds. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference of the Cone and Seed Working Party (IUFRO S7.03 -01). Padova, Italy: Institute of Agricultural Entomology, 117-122.

Roques A; Skrzypczynska M, 2003. Seed-infesting chalcids of the genus Megastigmus Dalman, 1820 (Hymenoptera: Torymidae) native and introduced to the West Palearctic region: taxonomy, host specificity and distribution. Journal of Natural History, 37(2):127-238; many ref.

Vikberg V, 1966. Observations on some Finnish species of Megastigmus Dalman (Hym., Torymidae), including the biology of Megastigmus bipunctatus (Swederus). Annales Entomologici Fennici, 32:309-315.

Distribution References

Annila E, 1970. Host trees and emergence of Megastigmus specularis Walley (Hym., Torymidae). Annales Entomologici Fennici. 36 (4), 186-190.

Anon, 1980. Cone and seed insects of North American conifers., [ed. by Hedlin AF, Yates HOIII, Cibrian-Tovar D, Ebel BH, Koerber TW, Merkel EP]. Ottawa; Washington DC; Mexico, Canada; USA; Mexico: Environment Canada/Canadian Forestry Service; US Forest Service; Secretaria de Agricultura y Recursos Hidraulicos.

BOUCEK Z, 1970. On some British Megastigmus (Hym., Torymidae), with a revised key to the West European species. Entomologist's Gazette. 21 (4), 265-275 pp.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Hedlin A F, 1956. Studies on the Balsam-fIr seed chalcid, Megastigmus specularis Wally (Hymenoptera, Chalcididae). Canadian Entomologist. 88 (12), 691-7.

Jensen T S, Ochsner P, 1999. Indigenous and introduced seed chalcids in Denmark - with a revised key to the Danish species (Hymenoptera: Torymidae). Entomologiske Meddelelser. 67 (2), 47-56.

Kangas E, 1945. A new species of Megastigmus (Hymenoptera: Chalcicidae) - a seed pest of Abies sibirica. (Eine neue Megastigmus-Art (Hym. Chalcicidae) als Samenschädling an Abies sibirica.). Annales Entomologici Fennici. 177-184.

Milliron H E, 1949. Taxonomic and biological investigations in genus Megastigmus, with particular references to the taxonomy of Nearctic species (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Callimomidae). American Naturalist. 257-420.

Ochsner P, Jensen TS, 1998. Diversity and phenology of Megastigmus spp. colonizing seeds of Abies spp. in Denmark. [Proceedings of the 5th International Conference of the Cone and Seed Working Party (IUFRO S7.03 -01)], [ed. by Battisti A, Turgeon JJ]. Padova, Italy: Institute of Agricultural Entomology. 117-122.

Roques A, Skrzypczyńska M, 2003. Seed-infesting chalcids of the genus Megastigmus Dalman, 1820 (Hymenoptera: Torymidae) native and introduced to the West Palearctic region: taxonomy, host specificity and distribution. Journal of Natural History. 37 (2), 127-238. DOI:10.1080/713834669

Vikberg V, 1966. Observations on some Finnish species of Megastigmus Dalman (Hym., Torymidae), including the biology of Megastigmus bipunctatus (Swederus). In: Annales Entomologici Fennici, 32 309-315.

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