Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Megastigmus rafni
(fir seed chalcid)

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Datasheet

Megastigmus rafni (fir seed chalcid)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Megastigmus rafni
  • Preferred Common Name
  • fir seed chalcid
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Lateral view of M. rafni adult female.
TitleAdult female
CaptionLateral view of M. rafni adult female.
CopyrightAlain Roques
Lateral view of M. rafni adult female.
Adult femaleLateral view of M. rafni adult female.Alain Roques

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Megastigmus rafni Hoffmeyer

Preferred Common Name

  • fir seed chalcid

Other Scientific Names

  • Megastigmus spermotrophus Crosby

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hymenoptera
  •                         Family: Torymidae
  •                             Genus: Megastigmus
  •                                 Species: Megastigmus rafni

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Europe

BelgiumPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasive
DenmarkPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasive
FrancePresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasive
NetherlandsPresentIntroduced
United KingdomPresentIntroduced

North America

CanadaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-British ColumbiaPresent, WidespreadNative
United StatesPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-ArizonaPresent, WidespreadNative
-CaliforniaPresent, WidespreadNative
-ColoradoPresent, WidespreadNative
-IdahoPresent, WidespreadNative
-MontanaPresent, WidespreadNative
-NevadaPresent
-New MexicoPresent, WidespreadNative
-OregonPresent, WidespreadNative
-UtahPresent, WidespreadNative
-WashingtonPresent, WidespreadNative

Habitat List

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CategorySub-CategoryHabitatPresenceStatus
Terrestrial

References

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Fabre JP; Auger-Rozenberg MA; Chalon A; Boivin S; Roques A, 2003. Competition between exotic and native insects for seed resources in trees of a Mediterranean forest ecosystem, Biological Invasions (in press).

Hedlin AF; ed, 1974. Cone and seed insects of Bristish Columbia. Victoria BC, Canada: Canadian Forestry Service/ Pacific Forest Research Centre, BC-X-90.

Hedlin AF; Yates HOIII; Cibrian-Tovar D; Ebel BH; Koerber TW; Merkel EP; eds, 1980. Cone and seed insects of North American conifers. Ottawa, Canada: Environment Canada/Canadian Forestry Service, Washington DC, USA: US Forest Service, Mexico, Mexico: Secretaria de Agricultura y Recursos Hidraulicos.

Hussey NW, 1952. New records of Megastigmus (Hymenoptera Chalcididae) in Scotland with a note on the first recorded parasites of Megastigmus spermotrophus Wachtl. Scottish Forestry, 6:53-55.

Hussey NW, 1954. Megastigmus flies attacking conifer seeds. Forestry Commission Leaflet, 8:1-10.

Jensen TS; Ochsner P, 1999. Indigenous and introduced seed chalcids in Denmark - with a revised key to the Danish species (Hymenoptera: Torymidae). Entomologiske Meddelelser, 67(2):47-56; 17 ref.

Ochsner P; Jensen TS, 1998. Diversity and phenology of Megastigmus spp. colonizing seeds of Abies spp. in Denmark. In: Battisti A, Turgeon JJ, eds. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference of the Cone and Seed Working Party (IUFRO S7.03 -01). Padova, Italy: Institute of Agricultural Entomology, 117-122.

Roques A; Skrzypczynska M, 2003. Seed-infesting chalcids of the genus Megastigmus Dalman, 1820 (Hymenoptera: Torymidae) native and introduced to the West Palearctic region: taxonomy, host specificity and distribution. Journal of Natural History, 37(2):127-238; many ref.

Shea PJ, 1989. Interactions among phytophagous insect species colonizing cones of white fir (Abies concolor). Oecologia, 81(1):104-110

Distribution References

Anon, 1980. Cone and seed insects of North American conifers., [ed. by Hedlin AF, Yates HOIII, Cibrian-Tovar D, Ebel BH, Koerber TW, Merkel EP]. Ottawa; Washington DC; Mexico, Canada; USA; Mexico: Environment Canada/Canadian Forestry Service; US Forest Service; Secretaria de Agricultura y Recursos Hidraulicos.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Fabre JP, Auger-Rozenberg MA, Chalon A, Boivin S, Roques A, 2003. Competition between exotic and native insects for seed resources in trees of a Mediterranean forest ecosystem, Biological Invasions (in press).,

Hussey N W, 1952. New records of Megastigmus (Hymenoptera, Chalsididae) in Scotland, with a note on the first recorded parasites of Megastigmus spermotrophus Wachtl. Scottish Forestry. 6 (2), 53-5.

Hussey N W, 1954. Megastigmus flies attacking conifer seeds. In: Forestry Commission Leaflet. 10 pp.

Jensen T S, Ochsner P, 1999. Indigenous and introduced seed chalcids in Denmark - with a revised key to the Danish species (Hymenoptera: Torymidae). Entomologiske Meddelelser. 67 (2), 47-56.

Ochsner P, Jensen TS, 1998. Diversity and phenology of Megastigmus spp. colonizing seeds of Abies spp. in Denmark. [Proceedings of the 5th International Conference of the Cone and Seed Working Party (IUFRO S7.03 -01)], [ed. by Battisti A, Turgeon JJ]. Padova, Italy: Institute of Agricultural Entomology. 117-122.

Roques A, Skrzypczyńska M, 2003. Seed-infesting chalcids of the genus Megastigmus Dalman, 1820 (Hymenoptera: Torymidae) native and introduced to the West Palearctic region: taxonomy, host specificity and distribution. Journal of Natural History. 37 (2), 127-238. DOI:10.1080/713834669

Shea P J, 1989. Interactions among phytophagous insect species colonizing cones of white fir (Abies concolor). Oecologia. 81 (1), 104-110. DOI:10.1007/BF00377018

Distribution Maps

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