Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Megastigmus pistaciae
(pistachio seed chalcid)

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Datasheet

Megastigmus pistaciae (pistachio seed chalcid)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Megastigmus pistaciae
  • Preferred Common Name
  • pistachio seed chalcid
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Lateral view of M. pistaciae adult female.
TitleAdult female
CaptionLateral view of M. pistaciae adult female.
CopyrightAlain Roques
Lateral view of M. pistaciae adult female.
Adult femaleLateral view of M. pistaciae adult female.Alain Roques

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Megastigmus pistaciae Walker

Preferred Common Name

  • pistachio seed chalcid

Other Scientific Names

  • Eumegastigmus pistaciae
  • Megastigmus ballestrerii
  • Trogocarpus ballestrerii Rondani

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Samenwespe, Hellgelbe Pistazien-
  • Italy: megastigma del pistacchio

EPPO code

  • MEGSBA (Megastigmus pistaciae)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hymenoptera
  •                         Family: Torymidae
  •                             Genus: Megastigmus
  •                                 Species: Megastigmus pistaciae

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresent, WidespreadNativeRoques and Skrzypczyńska (2003)
MoroccoPresent, WidespreadNativeDavatchi (1958)
TunisiaPresent, WidespreadNativeJarraya and Bernard (1971); Roques and Skrzypczyńska (2003)

Asia

ChinaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-HebeiPresent, LocalizedRoques and Skrzypczyńska (2003)
GeorgiaPresent, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)Original citation: Lozovol, 1965
IsraelPresent, WidespreadNativeRoques and Skrzypczyńska (2003); CABI (Undated)
TurkeyPresent, WidespreadNativeÃanakþioglü (1993); Doğanlar and Doğanlar (2010); CABI (Undated);
TurkmenistanPresent, WidespreadNativeBoucek (1977)
UzbekistanPresent, LocalizedNativeRoques and Skrzypczyńska (2003)

Europe

BulgariaPresent, WidespreadNativeBoucek (1977)
CroatiaPresent, WidespreadNativeRoques and Skrzypczyńska (2003)
CyprusPresent, WidespreadNativeRice and Michailides (1988)
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresentBoucek (1977)
FrancePresent, WidespreadNativeDAVATCHI (1956); Davatchi (1958); Roques and Skrzypczyńska (2003)
-CorsicaPresent, WidespreadNativeRoques and Skrzypczyńska (2003)
GreecePresent, WidespreadNativeRoques and Skrzypczyńska (2003); CABI (Undated)
ItalyPresent, WidespreadNativeRoques and Skrzypczyńska (2003); CABI (Undated);
PortugalPresent, WidespreadNativeRoques and Skrzypczyńska (2003)
RussiaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-Southern RussiaPresent, WidespreadNativeNikol'skaya (1952); Nikol'skaya and Zerova (1978); Zerova and Seryogina (1994)
UkrainePresent, WidespreadNativeNikol'skaya (1952); CABI (Undated)

North America

MexicoPresentIntroducedGrissell and Prinsloo (2001); Roques and Skrzypczyńska (2003)
United StatesPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-CaliforniaPresent, WidespreadNativeRobinson (1968); Rice and Michailides (1988); Roques and Skrzypczyńska (2003)

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Eurytoma Parasite Larvae/Pupae

References

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¦anaktiogln H, 1993. Orman entomolojisi. Istanbul: I._. Basimevi ve Film Merkezi.

+zkazant O, 1982. Akdeniz ormanlarinda zarar yapan Megastigmus (Hym. Torymidae) tnrleri. Orman Faknltesi Dergisi, Seri A, 32:169-189.

Boucek Z, 1977. A faunistic review of the Yugoslavian Chalcidoidea (parasitic Hymenoptera). Acta Entomologica Jugoslavica, 13(suppl.):145 pp.

Davatchi GA, 1956. Sur quelques insectes nuisibles au Pistachier en Iran I-Hymenoptera Chalcidoidea. Revue de Pathologie VTgTtale et d'Entomologie de France, 35:17-26.

Davatchi GA, 1958. Etude biologique de la faune entomologique des Pistacia sauvages et cultivTs. Revue de Pathologie VTgTtale et d'Entomologie de France, 37:3-166.

Doganlar M; Doganlar O, 2010. Review of the species of Gugolzia Delucchi and Steffan (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) in Europe and Turkey, with descriptions of new species. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 34(1):23-34. http://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/zoology/

Grissell EE; Prinsloo GL, 2001. Seed-feeding species of Megastigmus (Hymenoptera: Torymidae) associated with Anacardiaceae. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 10(2):271-279; 31 ref.

Jarraya A; Bernard J, 1971. First bioecological observations on Megastigmus pistaciae in Tunisia. Annales de l'Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique de Tunisie, 44(3):28pp.

Lozovoi DI; ed, 1965. Vrednye nasekomye parkovych i lesoparkovych nasazhdenii Gruzii. Tbilisi: Mechiereba.

Nikol'skaya MN, 1952. Chalcidy Fauny SSSR, Opredelitel' po Faune SSSR. 44. Moskva-Leningrad: AN SSR.

Nikol'skaya MN; Zerova MD, 1978. 9. Sem. Torymidae (Callimomidae)-Torymidy. In: Medvedev GS, ed, Opredelitel' nasekomych evropejskojchasti SSSR, 3, Pereponchatokrylye 2. Leningrad, Russian Federation: Nauka.

Rice RE; Michailides TJ, 1988. Pistachio seed chalcid, Megastigmus pistaciae Walker (Hymenoptera: Torymidae) in California. Journal of Economic Entomology, 81(5):1446-1449

Robinson DW, 1968. California Department of Agriculture Pistachio seed chalcid progress report, 68-1.

Roques A; Skrzypczynska M, 2003. Seed-infesting chalcids of the genus Megastigmus Dalman, 1820 (Hymenoptera: Torymidae) native and introduced to the West Palearctic region: taxonomy, host specificity and distribution. Journal of Natural History, 37(2):127-238; many ref.

Schimistchek E; ed, 1944. Die Forstinsekten der Tnrkei. Prag: Volk und Reich.

Zerova MD; Seryogina Lya; eds, 1994. [The seed-eating Chalcidoidea of Palearctics] (in Russian). Kiev, Ukraine: National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.

Distribution References

Ãanakþioglü H, 1993. Orman entomolojisi. Istanbul: I. In: Basimevi ve Film Merkezi,

Anon, 1994. The seed-eating Chalcidoidea of Palearctics., [ed. by Zerova MD, Seryogina Lya]. Kiev, Ukraine: National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.

Boucek Z, 1977. A faunistic review of the Yugoslavian Chalcidoidea (parasitic Hymenoptera). In: Acta Entomologica Jugoslavica, 13 (suppl.) 145 pp.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

DAVATCHI A, 1956. [English Title not available]. (Sur quelques insectes nuisibles au pistachier en Iran. I. Hymenoptera-Chalcidoidea.). Revue de Pathologie Vegetale. 35 (fasc. 1), 17-26 pp.

Davatchi GA, 1958. (Etude biologique de la faune entomologique des Pistacia sauvages et cultivTs). In: Revue de Pathologie VTgTtale et d'Entomologie de France, 37 3-166.

Doğanlar M, Doğanlar O, 2010. Review of the species of Gugolzia Delucchi and Steffan (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) in Europe and Turkey, with descriptions of new species. Turkish Journal of Zoology. 34 (1), 23-34. http://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/zoology/

Grissell E E, Prinsloo G L, 2001. Seed-feeding species of Megastigmus (Hymenoptera: Torymidae) associated with Anacardiaceae. Journal of Hymenoptera Research. 10 (2), 271-279.

Jarraya A, Bernard J, 1971. First bioecological observations on Megastigmus pistaciae in Tunisia. (Premieres observations bioecologiques sur Megastigmus pistaciae en Tunisie.). In: Annales de l'Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique de Tunisie, 44 (3) 28pp.

Nikol'skaya M N, 1952. Opredelitel' po Faune SSSR. Moskva-Leningrad, USSR: AN SSR.

Nikol'skaya MN, Zerova MD, 1978. (9. Sem. Torymidae (Callimomidae)-Torymidy). In: Opredelitel' nasekomych evropejskojchasti SSSR, 3, Pereponchatokrylye 2, [ed. by Medvedev GS]. Leningrad, Russian Federation: Nauka.

Rice R E, Michailides T J, 1988. Pistachio seed chalcid, Megastigmus pistaciae Walker (Hymenoptera: Torymidae) in California. Journal of Economic Entomology. 81 (5), 1446-1449. DOI:10.1093/jee/81.5.1446

Robinson DW, 1968. California Department of Agriculture Pistachio seed chalcid progress report., 68-1.

Roques A, Skrzypczyńska M, 2003. Seed-infesting chalcids of the genus Megastigmus Dalman, 1820 (Hymenoptera: Torymidae) native and introduced to the West Palearctic region: taxonomy, host specificity and distribution. Journal of Natural History. 37 (2), 127-238. DOI:10.1080/713834669

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