Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Medicago sativa
(lucerne)

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Datasheet

Medicago sativa (lucerne)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 28 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Medicago sativa
  • Preferred Common Name
  • lucerne
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Dye/tanning
  • Flour/starch
  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Forage
  • Soil improvement

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Adult lucerne plant bug feeding from a lucerne (Medicago sativa) flower.
TitleAdult
CaptionAdult lucerne plant bug feeding from a lucerne (Medicago sativa) flower.
CopyrightRadoslav Andreev/Agricultural University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Adult lucerne plant bug feeding from a lucerne (Medicago sativa) flower.
AdultAdult lucerne plant bug feeding from a lucerne (Medicago sativa) flower.Radoslav Andreev/Agricultural University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Mature lucerne plant (M. sativa), showing flowers.
TitleFlowers
CaptionMature lucerne plant (M. sativa), showing flowers.
CopyrightAgrEvo
Mature lucerne plant (M. sativa), showing flowers.
FlowersMature lucerne plant (M. sativa), showing flowers.AgrEvo

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Medicago sativa L.

Preferred Common Name

  • lucerne

Other Scientific Names

  • Medicago vulgaris Alef.

International Common Names

  • English: purple medic; purple medicle
  • Spanish: alfalfa; carreton
  • French: luzerne; Luzerne cultivée
  • Portuguese: luzerna

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Luzerne
  • Italy: erba medica
  • Japan: murasakiumagoyashi
  • Sweden: blaaluzern

EPPO code

  • MEDSA (Medicago sativa)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Fabales
  •                         Family: Fabaceae
  •                             Subfamily: Faboideae
  •                                 Genus: Medicago
  •                                     Species: Medicago sativa

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Aceria medicaginis (alfalfa bud mite); Acyrthosiphon kondoi (blue alfalfa aphid); Acyrthosiphon pisum (pea aphid); Adelphocoris lineolatus (lucerne bug); Agromyza frontella (alfalfa blotch leafminer); Agrotis exclamationis (moth, heart and dart); Agrotis ipsilon (black cutworm); Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); Alfalfa mosaic virus (alfalfa yellow spot); Alhagi maurorum (camelthorn); Alternaria brassicae (dark spot of crucifers); Amaranthus albus (tumble pigweed); Amaranthus blitoides (spreading amaranth); Aphanomyces euteiches (Aphanomyces root rot); Aphis craccivora (groundnut aphid); Argemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy); Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed); Athelia rolfsii (sclerotium rot); Autographa californica (alfalfa looper); Autographa gamma (silver-Y moth); Bean leafroll virus (pea leafroll virus); Bromus tectorum (downy brome); Bruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid); Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse); Carduus nutans (nodding thistle); Cenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur); Centaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed); Centaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle); Centaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed); Chalara elegans (black root rot); Chenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot); Chloris virgata (feather finger grass); Cirsium arvense (creeping thistle); Cirsium vulgare (spear thistle); Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. insidiosus (bacterial lucerne wilt); Clover yellow mosaic virus; Colaspis louisianae; Colletotrichum destructivum (anthracnose (of soybean, lucerne, tobacco)); Colletotrichum truncatum (soyabean anthracnose); Convolvulus arvensis (bindweed); Cuscuta campestris (field dodder); Cuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder); Cynara cardunculus (cardoon); Cynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass); Cynomys (prairie dog); Datura stramonium (jimsonweed); Dichroplus elongatus; Ditylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode); Dysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug); Echinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass); Elymus repens (quackgrass); Emex australis (Doublegee); Empoasca fabae (potato leafhopper); Epichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix); Epiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth); Erysiphe pisi var. pisi (powdery mildew of pea); Euphorbia helioscopia (sun spurge); Frankliniella intonsa (thrips, flower); Frankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips); Gibberella avenacea (Fusarium blight); Gonioctena fornicata (lucerne leaf-beetle); Hadula trifolii (clover cutworm); Halotydeus destructor (redlegged earth mite); Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode); Helicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm); Helicoverpa punctigera (native budworm); Heliotropium europaeum (common heliotrope); Helminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue); Hypena scabra (green cloverworm); Hypera brunnipennis (weevil, Egyptian alfalfa); Hypera postica (lucerne weevil); Hypera zoila (weevil, Clover leaf); Hypera zoilus (clover leaf weevil); Lampides boeticus (pea blue butterfly); Lepidium draba (hoary cress); Limonius californicus (sugarbeet wireworm); Linaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax); Liriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner); Liriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer); Lolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass); Lolium temulentum (darnel); Longidorus (longidorids); Lucerne transient streak virus; Lygus lineolaris (tarnished plant bug); Macrosteles quadrilineatus (aster leafhopper); Medicago lupulina (black medick); Melanoplus bivittatus (twostriped grasshopper); Melanoplus sanguinipes (lesser migratory grasshopper); Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover); Meloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode); Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode); Myzus persicae (green peach aphid); Naupactus leucoloma (whitefringed weevil); Naupactus xanthographus (South American fruit tree weevil); Nysius huttoni (wheat bug); Otiorhynchus cribricollis (weevil, apple); Pea early-browning virus; Pea streak virus; Peanut stunt virus (peanut stunt); Pectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm); Pennisetum macrourum (African feather grass); Peridroma saucia (pearly underwing moth); Phenacoccus hordei; Phoma pinodella (leaf spot of pea); Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (cotton root rot); Physoderma alfalfae (alfalfa crown wart); Phytophthora cryptogea (tomato foot rot); Phytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne); Piezodorus guildinii (stink bug); Piezodorus hybneri (legume stink bug); Plantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain); Plantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain); Platynota stultana (omnivorous leaf roller); Poa annua (annual meadowgrass); Polygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed); Polygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria); Potato witches' broom phytoplasma (yellows-type disease); Pratylenchus vulnus (walnut root lesion nematode); Pseudomonas marginalis pv. alfalfae (browning of roots and stunting of lucerne); Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae (bacterial canker or blast (stone and pome fruits)); Pseudopeziza medicaginis (common alfalfa leaf spot); Pseudopeziza medicaginis f.sp.medicaginislupulinae (black medick leaf spot); Pythium ultimum (black-leg of seedlings); Raphanus raphanistrum (wild radish); Red clover necrotic mosaic virus; Red clover vein mosaic virus; Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Richardia brasiliensis (white-eye (Australia)); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Senecio vulgaris; Setaria faberi (giant foxtail); Setaria verticillata (bristly foxtail); Setaria viridis (green foxtail); Silene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion); Sitona cylindricollis (sweetclover weevil); Sitona discoideus; Sitona hispidulus (clover weevil); Sitona humeralis; Sitona lineatus (pea leaf weevil); Sminthurus viridis (lucerne flea); Solanum carolinense (horsenettle); Solanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade); Sonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle); Sonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle); Spodoptera eridania (southern armyworm); Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Spodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm); Spodoptera litura (taro caterpillar); Stegobium paniceum (drugstore beetle); Stellaria media (common chickweed); Stemphylium vesicarium (onion leaf blight); Sweet clover necrotic mosaic virus; Taraxacum officinale complex (dandelion); Tetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite); Thanatephorus cucumeris (many names, depending on host); Themeda quadrivalvis (grader grass); Therioaphis trifolii (spotted alfalfa aphid); Thlaspi arvense (field pennycress); Thrips angusticeps (field thrips); Thrips flavus (honeysuckle thrips); Tipula paludosa (European crane fly); Tobacco streak virus (tobacco streak); Trichodorus (stubby root nematodes); Tylenchorhynchus acutus (stylet-stunt nematode); Tylenchorhynchus claytoni (stunt nematode); Urtica urens (annual nettle); Verticillium albo-atrum (verticillium wilt of lucerne); Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. alfalfae (bacterial alfalfa leaf spot); Xiphinema (dagger nematode); Xiphinema americanum (dagger nematode); Xiphinema rivesi (dagger nematode); Xylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)

Minor host of:

Alopecurus myosuroides (black-grass); Anagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel); Anticarsia gemmatalis (soybean caterpillar); Aphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm); Aproaerema modicella (groundnut leaf miner); Archips fuscocupreanus; Argemone mexicana (Mexican poppy); Asphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed); Astylus atromaculatus (astylus beetle); Autographa nigrisigna (beet worm); Avena fatua (wild oat); Bactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid); Botryotinia fuckeliana (grey mould-rot); Brachycaudus helichrysi (leaf-curling plum aphid); Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense; Ceresa alta (buffalo treehopper); Cerotoma trifurcata (bean leaf beetle); Chaetocnema confinis (flea beetle); Chinavia hilaris (green stink bug); Chrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth); Chrysodeixis eriosoma (green looper caterpillar); Clover yellow vein virus (CYVV); Cochliobolus sativus (root and foot rot); Colletotrichum dematium (leaf spot); Colletotrichum linicola (anthracnose of flax); Colletotrichum trifolii (anthracnose of lucerne); Conium maculatum (poison hemlock); Conyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane); Crocidosema aporema (bud borer); Cuscuta japonica (Japanese dodder); Dickeya chrysanthemi (bacterial wilt of chrysanthemum and other ornamentals); Didymella rabiei (chick pea blight); Ditylenchus africanus (peanut pod nematode); Edessa meditabunda (green and brown stink bug); Epilachna varivestis (bean ladybeetle); Epitrix tuberis (tuber flea beetle); Erwinia persicinus; Etiella zinckenella (pea pod borer); Faba bean necrotic yellows virus; Fumaria officinalis (common fumitory); Fusarium proliferatum; Fusarium sporotrichioides (kernel rot of maize); Galium aparine (cleavers); Globisporangium irregulare (dieback: carrot); Haematonectria haematococca (dry rot of potato); Helicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm); Heterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm); Icerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale); Leucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy); Leveillula taurica (powdery mildew of cotton); Linaria vulgaris (common toadflax); Liriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer); Longidorus elongatus (needle nematode); Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); Mamestra brassicae (cabbage moth); Mamestra configurata (bertha armyworm); Megalurothrips distalis; Melanagromyza sojae (soyabean stem miner); Meloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode); Mythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm); Nezara viridula (green stink bug); Nicandra physalodes (apple of Peru); Oedaleus senegalensis (Senegalese grasshopper); Ophiomyia centrosematis (stemfly); Ophiomyia phaseoli (bean fly); Orius albidipennis; Orobanche minor (common broomrape); Papaver rhoeas (common poppy); Peanut stripe virus (groundnut stripe disease); Pennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass); Petrobia latens (brown wheat mite); Philaenus spumarius (meadow froghopper); Phoma herbarum; Phytophthora megasperma (root rot); Phytophthora nicotianae (black shank); Plectosphaerella cucumerina; Polygonum persicaria (redshank); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Pratylenchus thornei; Pseudomonas viridiflava (bacterial leaf blight of tomato (USA)); Pythium myriotylum (brown rot of groundnut); Pythium violae; Rachiplusia nu (sunflower looper); Rhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed); Rosellinia necatrix (dematophora root rot); Rumex crispus (curled dock); Setaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail); Sitona lepidus (clover root weevil); Sitona macularius (weevil, spotted bean); Spodoptera exigua (beet armyworm); Tetranychus cinnabarinus (carmine spider mite); Tetranychus pacificus (Pacific spider mite); Thrips imaginis (plague thrips); Tribolium castaneum (red flour beetle); Tribulus terrestris (puncture vine); Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper); Veronica persica (creeping speedwell); Verticillium dahliae (verticillium wilt); Xestia c-nigrum (spotted cutworm); Zygotylenchus guevarai

Wild host of:

Cucumber mosaic virus (cucumber mosaic); Leptochloa fusca (sprangletop); Loxostege sticticalis (beet webworm)

Associated with (not a host):

Bacillus cereus; Candidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma); Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. albedinis (Fusarium wilt of date palm); Lygus hesperus (western plant bug); Odontothrips iranensis; Phytoplasma pruni (peach X-disease); Serratia marcescens; Sinorhizobium meliloti (root nodules of alfalfa)

Host of (source - data mining):

Acrocalymma medicaginis (root rot of lucerne); Agriotes ustulatus; Agromyza nana; Allonemobius fasciatus (cricket, banded); Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Amblysellus curtisii; Apantesis blakei; Apion apricans (clover pear shaped weevil); Apion filirostre; Apion pisi (pea weevil, pear-shaped); Apion trifolii (clover seed weevil); Apion virens; Asymmetrasca decedens; Bruchidius fulvus; Bruchophagus gibbus (alfalfa chalcid); Calliptamus italicus; Calonectria crotalariae (black rot: groundnut); Calonectria kyotensis (root rot: peach); Ceratagallia sanguinolenta (leafhopper, clover); Cercospora medicaginis; Chiasmia clathrata; Chrysodeixis includens (soybean looper); Colaspidema atrum (leafbeetle, black alfalfa); Colias eurytheme (alfalfa caterpillar); Colias philodice (clouded sulphur); Contarinia medicaginis (midge, alfalfa flower); Creontiades dilutus; Cydia medicaginis; Dasineura ignorata; Dichroplus pratensis; Empoasca; Empoasca decipiens (leafhopper, cotton); Epicauta fabricii (ashgray blister beetle); Epicauta occidentalis (blister beetle, threestriped); Epicauta pensylvanica (blister beetle, black); Epicauta vittata (striped blister beetle); Eurhizococcus brasiliensis; Eyprepocnemis plorans; Folsomia fimetaria; Frankliniella tritici (eastern flower thrips); Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. medicaginis (wilt: alfalfa); Gibberella acuminata (stalk rot of maize); Gibberella pulicaris (basal canker of hop); Grapholita compositella; Halticus bractatus; Heliothis maritima; Heliothis viriplaca (flax, budworm); Hypera transsylvanica; Lacanobia suasa; Latalus sayii; Leptopterna dolabrata; Leptosphaeria pratensis (leaf spot: alfalfa); Leptosphaerulina trifolii (leaf spot: soyabean); Leptotes pirithous; Lucerne enation virus; Lygus borealis; Lygus elisus (lucerne plant bug); Lygus pratensis (plant bug, tarnished); Megachile rotundata (alfalfa leaf-cutter bee); Megaloceroea recticornis; Melanoplus packardii (packard grasshopper); Merophyas divulsana (lucerne leaf roller); Morimus funereus; Ocnogyna baetica; Odontothrips confusus; Onychiurus armatus; Otiorhynchus ligustici (alfalfa snout beetle); Phaulacridium vittatum (grasshopper, wingless); Phoma medicaginis var. medicaginis (lucerne black stem); Phytophthora drechsleri (watermelon fruit rot); Plenodomus meliloti; Pleospora herbarum (leaf blight of onion); Pleospora tarda; Polygonum arenastrum (common knotweed); Polyommatus icarus; Pratylenchus neglectus (nematode, California meadow); Pseudomonas syringae (bacterial blast); Pythium acanthicum; Pythium sylvaticum (seedling rot of conifers); Pythium torulosum; Sarcopolia illoba; Sclerotinia trifoliorum (rot of clover); Spilarctia obliqua (common hairy caterpillar); Spissistilus festinus (three-cornered alfalfa hopper); Spodoptera praefica (western yellowstriped armyworm); Stenotus binotatus (timothy, plantbug); Tychius flavus; Tychius quinquepunctatus; Uromyces striatus (rust: alfalfa); White clover mosaic virus

Uses List

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Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Forage

Environmental

  • Soil improvement

Human food and beverage

  • Flour/starch

Materials

  • Dye/tanning
  • Fibre
  • Poisonous to mammals

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore