Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Medicago sativa
(lucerne)

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Datasheet

Medicago sativa (lucerne)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Medicago sativa
  • Preferred Common Name
  • lucerne
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Dye/tanning
  • Flour/starch
  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Forage
  • Soil improvement

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Adult lucerne plant bug feeding from a lucerne (Medicago sativa) flower.
TitleAdult
CaptionAdult lucerne plant bug feeding from a lucerne (Medicago sativa) flower.
CopyrightRadoslav Andreev/Agricultural University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Adult lucerne plant bug feeding from a lucerne (Medicago sativa) flower.
AdultAdult lucerne plant bug feeding from a lucerne (Medicago sativa) flower.Radoslav Andreev/Agricultural University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Mature lucerne plant (M. sativa), showing flowers.
TitleFlowers
CaptionMature lucerne plant (M. sativa), showing flowers.
Copyright©AgrEvo
Mature lucerne plant (M. sativa), showing flowers.
FlowersMature lucerne plant (M. sativa), showing flowers.©AgrEvo

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Medicago sativa L.

Preferred Common Name

  • lucerne

Other Scientific Names

  • Medicago vulgaris Alef.

International Common Names

  • English: purple medic; purple medicle
  • Spanish: alfalfa; carreton
  • French: luzerne; Luzerne cultivée
  • Portuguese: luzerna

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Luzerne
  • Italy: erba medica
  • Japan: murasakiumagoyashi
  • Sweden: blaaluzern

EPPO code

  • MEDSA (Medicago sativa)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Fabales
  •                         Family: Fabaceae
  •                             Subfamily: Faboideae
  •                                 Genus: Medicago
  •                                     Species: Medicago sativa

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Aceria medicaginis (alfalfa bud mite); Acyrthosiphon kondoi (blue alfalfa aphid); Acyrthosiphon pisum (pea aphid); Adelphocoris lineolatus (lucerne bug); Agromyza frontella (alfalfa blotch leafminer); Agrotis exclamationis (moth, heart and dart); Agrotis ipsilon (black cutworm); Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); Alfalfa mosaic virus (alfalfa yellow spot); Alhagi maurorum (camelthorn); Alternaria brassicae (dark spot of crucifers); Amaranthus albus (tumble pigweed); Amaranthus blitoides (spreading amaranth); Aphanomyces euteiches (Aphanomyces root rot); Aphis craccivora (groundnut aphid); Argemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy); Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed); Athelia rolfsii (sclerotium rot); Autographa californica (alfalfa looper); Autographa gamma (silver-Y moth); Bean leafroll virus (pea leafroll virus); Bromus tectorum (downy brome); Bruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid); Candidatus Phytoplasma trifolii (clover proliferation phytoplasma); Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse); Carduus nutans (nodding thistle); Cenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur); Centaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed); Centaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle); Centaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed); Chalara elegans (black root rot); Chenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot); Chloris virgata (feather finger grass); Cirsium arvense (creeping thistle); Cirsium vulgare (spear thistle); Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. insidiosus (bacterial lucerne wilt); Clover yellow mosaic virus; Colaspis louisianae; Colletotrichum destructivum (anthracnose (of soybean, lucerne, tobacco)); Colletotrichum truncatum (soyabean anthracnose); Convolvulus arvensis (bindweed); Cuscuta campestris (field dodder); Cuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder); Cynara cardunculus (cardoon); Cynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass); Cynomys (prairie dog); Datura stramonium (jimsonweed); Dichroplus elongatus; Ditylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode); Dysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug); Echinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass); Elymus repens (quackgrass); Emex australis (Doublegee); Empoasca fabae (potato leafhopper); Epichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix); Epiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth); Erysiphe pisi var. pisi (powdery mildew of pea); Euphorbia helioscopia (sun spurge); Frankliniella intonsa (thrips, flower); Frankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips); Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. medicaginis (fusarium wilt of alfalfa); Gibberella avenacea (Fusarium blight); Gonioctena fornicata (lucerne leaf-beetle); Hadula trifolii (clover cutworm); Halotydeus destructor (redlegged earth mite); Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode); Helicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm); Helicoverpa punctigera (native budworm); Heliotropium europaeum (common heliotrope); Helminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue); Hypena scabra (green cloverworm); Hypera brunnipennis (weevil, Egyptian alfalfa); Hypera postica (lucerne weevil); Hypera zoila (weevil, Clover leaf); Hypera zoilus (clover leaf weevil); Lampides boeticus (pea blue butterfly); Lepidium draba (hoary cress); Limonius californicus (sugarbeet wireworm); Linaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax); Liriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner); Liriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer); Lolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass); Lolium temulentum (darnel); Longidorus (longidorids); Lucerne transient streak virus; Lygus lineolaris (tarnished plant bug); Macrosteles quadrilineatus (aster leafhopper); Medicago lupulina (black medick); Melanoplus bivittatus (twostriped grasshopper); Melanoplus sanguinipes (lesser migratory grasshopper); Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover); Meloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode); Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode); Myzus persicae (green peach aphid); Naupactus leucoloma (whitefringed weevil); Naupactus xanthographus (South American fruit tree weevil); Nysius huttoni (wheat bug); Otiorhynchus cribricollis (weevil, apple); Pea early-browning virus; Pea streak virus; Peanut stunt virus (peanut stunt); Pectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm); Pennisetum macrourum (African feather grass); Peridroma saucia (pearly underwing moth); Phenacoccus hordei; Phoma pinodella (leaf spot of pea); Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (cotton root rot); Physoderma alfalfae (alfalfa crown wart); Phytophthora cryptogea (tomato foot rot); Phytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne); Piezodorus guildinii (stink bug); Piezodorus hybneri (legume stink bug); Plantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain); Plantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain); Platynota stultana (omnivorous leaf roller); Poa annua (annual meadowgrass); Polygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed); Polygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria); Potato witches' broom phytoplasma (yellows-type disease); Pratylenchus vulnus (walnut root lesion nematode); Pseudomonas marginalis pv. alfalfae (browning of roots and stunting of lucerne); Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae (bacterial canker or blast (stone and pome fruits)); Pseudopeziza medicaginis (common alfalfa leaf spot); Pseudopeziza medicaginis f.sp.medicaginislupulinae (black medick leaf spot); Pythium ultimum (black-leg of seedlings); Raphanus raphanistrum (wild radish); Red clover necrotic mosaic virus; Red clover vein mosaic virus; Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Richardia brasiliensis (white-eye (Australia)); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Senecio vulgaris; Setaria faberi (giant foxtail); Setaria verticillata (bristly foxtail); Setaria viridis (green foxtail); Silene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion); Sitona cylindricollis (sweetclover weevil); Sitona discoideus; Sitona hispidulus (clover weevil); Sitona humeralis; Sitona lineatus (pea leaf weevil); Sminthurus viridis (lucerne flea); Solanum carolinense (horsenettle); Solanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade); Sonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle); Sonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle); Spodoptera eridania (southern armyworm); Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Spodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm); Spodoptera litura (taro caterpillar); Stegobium paniceum (drugstore beetle); Stellaria media (common chickweed); Stemphylium vesicarium (onion leaf blight); Sweet clover necrotic mosaic virus; Taraxacum officinale complex (dandelion); Tetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite); Thanatephorus cucumeris (many names, depending on host); Themeda quadrivalvis (grader grass); Therioaphis trifolii (spotted alfalfa aphid); Thlaspi arvense (field pennycress); Thrips angusticeps (field thrips); Thrips flavus (honeysuckle thrips); Tipula paludosa (European crane fly); Tobacco streak virus (tobacco streak); Trichodorus (stubby root nematodes); Tylenchorhynchus acutus (stylet-stunt nematode); Tylenchorhynchus claytoni (stunt nematode); Urtica urens (annual nettle); Verticillium albo-atrum (verticillium wilt of lucerne); Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. alfalfae (bacterial alfalfa leaf spot); Xiphinema (dagger nematode); Xiphinema americanum (dagger nematode); Xiphinema rivesi (dagger nematode); Xylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)

Minor host of:

Alopecurus myosuroides (black-grass); Anagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel); Anticarsia gemmatalis (soybean caterpillar); Aphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm); Aproaerema modicella (groundnut leaf miner); Archips fuscocupreanus; Argemone mexicana (Mexican poppy); Asphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed); Astylus atromaculatus (astylus beetle); Autographa nigrisigna (beet worm); Avena fatua (wild oat); Bactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid); Bagrada hilaris (painted bug); Botryotinia fuckeliana (grey mould-rot); Brachycaudus helichrysi (leaf-curling plum aphid); Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense; Ceresa alta (buffalo treehopper); Cerotoma trifurcata (bean leaf beetle); Chaetocnema confinis (flea beetle); Chinavia hilaris (green stink bug); Chrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth); Chrysodeixis eriosoma (green looper caterpillar); Clover yellow vein virus (CYVV); Cochliobolus sativus (root and foot rot); Colletotrichum dematium (leaf spot); Colletotrichum linicola (anthracnose of flax); Colletotrichum trifolii (anthracnose of lucerne); Conium maculatum (poison hemlock); Conyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane); Crocidosema aporema (bud borer); Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus; Cuscuta japonica (Japanese dodder); Dickeya chrysanthemi (bacterial wilt of chrysanthemum and other ornamentals); Didymella rabiei (chick pea blight); Ditylenchus africanus (peanut pod nematode); Edessa meditabunda (green and brown stink bug); Epilachna varivestis (bean ladybeetle); Epitrix tuberis (tuber flea beetle); Erwinia persicinus; Etiella zinckenella (pea pod borer); Faba bean necrotic yellows virus; Fumaria officinalis (common fumitory); Fusarium proliferatum; Fusarium sporotrichioides (kernel rot of maize); Galium aparine (cleavers); Globisporangium irregulare (dieback: carrot); Haematonectria haematococca (dry rot of potato); Helicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm); Heterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm); Icerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale); Leucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy); Leveillula taurica (powdery mildew of cotton); Linaria vulgaris (common toadflax); Liriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer); Longidorus elongatus (needle nematode); Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); Mamestra brassicae (cabbage moth); Mamestra configurata (bertha armyworm); Megalurothrips distalis; Melanagromyza sojae (soyabean stem miner); Meloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode); Mythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm); Nezara viridula (green stink bug); Nicandra physalodes (apple of Peru); Oedaleus senegalensis (Senegalese grasshopper); Ophiomyia centrosematis (stemfly); Ophiomyia phaseoli (bean fly); Orius albidipennis; Orobanche minor (common broomrape); Papaver rhoeas (common poppy); Peanut stripe virus (groundnut stripe disease); Pennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass); Petrobia latens (brown wheat mite); Philaenus spumarius (meadow froghopper); Phoma herbarum (brown leaf spot and stem canker); Phytophthora megasperma (root rot); Phytophthora nicotianae (black shank); Plectosphaerella cucumerina; Polygonum persicaria (redshank); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Pratylenchus thornei; Pseudomonas viridiflava (bacterial leaf blight of tomato); Pythium myriotylum (brown rot of groundnut); Pythium violae; Rachiplusia nu (sunflower looper); Rhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed); Rosellinia necatrix (dematophora root rot); Rumex crispus (curled dock); Setaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail); Sitona lepidus (clover root weevil); Sitona macularius (weevil, spotted bean); Spodoptera exigua (beet armyworm); Tetranychus cinnabarinus (carmine spider mite); Tetranychus pacificus (Pacific spider mite); Thrips imaginis (plague thrips); Tribolium castaneum (red flour beetle); Tribulus terrestris (puncture vine); Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper); Veronica persica (creeping speedwell); Verticillium dahliae (verticillium wilt); Xestia c-nigrum (spotted cutworm); Zygotylenchus guevarai

Wild host of:

Cucumber mosaic virus (cucumber mosaic); Leptochloa fusca (sprangletop); Loxostege sticticalis (beet webworm)

Associated with (not a host):

Bacillus cereus; Candidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma); Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. albedinis (Fusarium wilt of date palm); Lygus hesperus (western plant bug); Odontothrips iranensis; Phytoplasma pruni (peach X-disease); Serratia marcescens; Sinorhizobium meliloti (root nodules of alfalfa)

Host of (source - data mining):

Acrocalymma medicaginis (root rot of lucerne); Agriotes ustulatus; Agromyza nana; Allonemobius fasciatus (cricket, banded); Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Amblysellus curtisii; Apantesis blakei; Apion apricans (clover pear shaped weevil); Apion filirostre; Apion pisi (pea weevil, pear-shaped); Apion trifolii (clover seed weevil); Apion virens; Arion vulgaris (Spanish slug); Asymmetrasca decedens; Bemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly); Bemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly); Bruchidius fulvus; Bruchophagus gibbus (alfalfa chalcid); Calliptamus italicus; Calonectria crotalariae (black rot: groundnut); Calonectria kyotensis (root rot: peach); Ceratagallia sanguinolenta (leafhopper, clover); Cercospora medicaginis; Chiasmia clathrata; Chrysodeixis includens (soybean looper); Colaspidema atrum (leafbeetle, black alfalfa); Colias eurytheme (alfalfa caterpillar); Colias philodice (clouded sulphur); Contarinia medicaginis (midge, alfalfa flower); Creontiades dilutus; Cydia medicaginis; Dasineura ignorata; Diabrotica speciosa (cucurbit beetle); Dichroplus pratensis; Empoasca; Empoasca decipiens (leafhopper, cotton); Epicauta fabricii (ashgray blister beetle); Epicauta occidentalis (blister beetle, threestriped); Epicauta pensylvanica (blister beetle, black); Epicauta vittata (striped blister beetle); Eurhizococcus brasiliensis; Eyprepocnemis plorans; Folsomia fimetaria; Frankliniella australis; Frankliniella tritici (eastern flower thrips); Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Gibberella acuminata (stalk rot of maize); Gibberella pulicaris (basal canker of hop); Grapholita compositella; Halticus bractatus; Heliothis maritima; Heliothis viriplaca (flax, budworm); Hypera transsylvanica; Lacanobia suasa; Latalus sayii; Leptopterna dolabrata; Leptosphaeria pratensis (leaf spot: alfalfa); Leptosphaerulina trifolii (leaf spot: soyabean); Leptotes pirithous; Liriomyza bryoniae (tomato leaf miner); Lucerne enation virus; Lygus borealis; Lygus elisus (lucerne plant bug); Lygus pratensis (plant bug, tarnished); Megachile rotundata (alfalfa leaf-cutter bee); Megaloceroea recticornis; Melanoplus packardii (packard grasshopper); Merophyas divulsana (lucerne leaf roller); Morimus funereus; Ocnogyna baetica; Odontothrips confusus; Onychiurus armatus; Otiorhynchus ligustici (alfalfa snout beetle); Phakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust); Phaulacridium vittatum (grasshopper, wingless); Phoma medicaginis var. medicaginis (lucerne black stem); Phytophthora drechsleri (watermelon fruit rot); Phytoplasma aurantifolia (lime witches' broom phytoplasma); Plenodomus meliloti; Pleospora herbarum (leaf blight of onion); Pleospora tarda; Polygonum arenastrum (common knotweed); Polyommatus icarus; Pratylenchus neglectus (nematode, California meadow); Pseudomonas syringae (bacterial blast); Pythium acanthicum; Pythium sylvaticum (seedling rot of conifers); Pythium torulosum; Sarcopolia illoba; Sclerotinia trifoliorum (rot of clover); Spilarctia obliqua (common hairy caterpillar); Spissistilus festinus (three-cornered alfalfa hopper); Spodoptera praefica (western yellowstriped armyworm); Stenotus binotatus (timothy, plantbug); Theba pisana (white garden snail); Thrips obscuratus (new Zealand flower thrips); Thysanoplusia orichalcea (slender burnished brass moth); Tuta absoluta (South American tomato pinworm); Tychius flavus; Tychius quinquepunctatus; Uromyces striatus (rust: alfalfa); White clover mosaic virus

Uses List

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Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Forage

Environmental

  • Soil improvement

Human food and beverage

  • Flour/starch

Materials

  • Dye/tanning
  • Fibre
  • Poisonous to mammals

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore