Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Melanagromyza sojae
(soyabean stem miner)

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Datasheet

Melanagromyza sojae (soyabean stem miner)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 January 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Melanagromyza sojae
  • Preferred Common Name
  • soyabean stem miner
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Larval stem borings caused by M. sojae.
TitleLarval borings
CaptionLarval stem borings caused by M. sojae.
CopyrightErnst Neering
Larval stem borings caused by M. sojae.
Larval boringsLarval stem borings caused by M. sojae.Ernst Neering
Puparium of stem fly in situ.
TitlePuparium
CaptionPuparium of stem fly in situ.
CopyrightErnst Neering
Puparium of stem fly in situ.
PupariumPuparium of stem fly in situ.Ernst Neering

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Melanagromyza sojae (Zehntner)

Preferred Common Name

  • soyabean stem miner

Other Scientific Names

  • Agromyza producta Malloch, 1914
  • Agromyza sojae Zhnt.
  • Melanagromyza producta Henning, 1941
  • Melanagromyza prolifica Malloch, 1914

International Common Names

  • English: asparagus miner; bean stem miner; soya miner; soyabean fly; soyabean stem borer; soybean fly; soybean stem borer; soybean stem miner
  • French: agromyze des tiges du soja

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Minierfliege, Sojabohnen-
  • Japan: daizu-kuki-moguribae
  • Netherlands: kedelee-stengel boorder

EPPO code

  • MEAGSO (Melanagromyza sojae)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Diptera
  •                         Family: Agromyzidae
  •                             Genus: Melanagromyza
  •                                 Species: Melanagromyza sojae

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 17 Feb 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

EgyptPresent
South AfricaPresent

Asia

BangladeshPresent
ChinaPresent, LocalizedOriginal citation: Anon., 1978
-FujianPresent
-JiangsuPresent
-ShandongPresent, WidespreadOriginal citation: Anon., 1978
IndiaPresent, Widespread
-DelhiPresentOriginal citation: Singh et al., 1989
-KarnatakaPresent
-Madhya PradeshPresent, WidespreadOriginal citation: Singh et al., 1989
-MaharashtraPresent
-RajasthanPresent
-Uttar PradeshPresent, Widespread
-UttarakhandPresent
IndonesiaPresent, Widespread
-JavaPresent, Widespread
-SumatraPresent, WidespreadOriginal citation: Talekar (personal observation)
IsraelPresent
JapanPresent, Widespread
LaosPresent
MalaysiaPresent
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresent
PhilippinesPresent, Widespread
Saudi ArabiaPresent
South KoreaPresent, Widespread
TaiwanPresent, Widespread
ThailandPresent
TurkeyPresent
VietnamPresent, Widespread

Europe

SpainPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresent, Localized
Solomon IslandsPresent

South America

ArgentinaPresent
BoliviaPresentvia PestLens newsletter
BrazilPresent
-GoiasPresent, Localized
-Rio Grande do SulPresent
ParaguayPresent

Growth Stages

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Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / external feeding
Stems / internal feeding
Stems / rot

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Afrostilba Parasite Arthropods|Larvae; Arthropods|Pupae
Bracon Parasite Arthropods|Larvae; Arthropods|Pupae
Colotrechnus agromyzae Parasite
Cryptoprymna Parasite Arthropods|Larvae; Arthropods|Pupae
Cyrtogaster Parasite Arthropods|Larvae; Arthropods|Pupae
Euderus Parasite Arthropods|Larvae; Arthropods|Pupae
Eurytoma Parasite Arthropods|Larvae; Arthropods|Pupae
Gronotoma Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Gronotoma adachiae Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Gronotoma hiranoi Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Halticoptera Parasite Arthropods|Larvae; Arthropods|Pupae
Opius phaseoli Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Pediobius naunai Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Sphegigaster agromyzae Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Stenomalina Parasite Arthropods|Larvae; Arthropods|Pupae
Tetrastichus Parasite Arthropods|Larvae

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Leaves arthropods/eggs; arthropods/larvae Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants arthropods/eggs; arthropods/larvae; arthropods/pupae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Growing medium accompanying plants
Roots
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

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1978. Studies on the soybean agromyzid fly in Shantung Province. Acta Entomologica Sinica, 21(2):137-150

1984. Progress Report, 1982, Asian Vegetable Research and Development Centre. Progress Report, 1982, Asian Vegetable Research and Development Centre. AVRDC Shanhua Taiwan, 337 pp.

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA)

AVRDC, 1979. AVRDC Progress Report 1978. Shanhua, Taiwan: Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center

AVRDC, 1981a. AVRDC Progress Report 1979. Shanhua, Taiwan: Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center

Bakar AKBA, Zabidi ALBA, 1979. Soybean crop protection in West Malaysia: pests. Tropical Grain Legume Bulletin, No. 16:25-29

Bhattacharjee NS, 1980. Incidence of the stemfly, Ophiomyia phaseoli (Tryon) on soybean. Indian Journal of Entomology, 42(2):280-282

Cai HuiJuan, Lin RenKui, Fu DongJi, Chen PeiXian, 2006. Characteristics of Melanagromyza sojae occurrence and hazard and its non-hazard control techniques. Fujian Agricultural Science and Technology, No.2:54-55

Chiang HS, Talekar NS, 1980. Identification of sources of resistance to the beanfly and two other agromyzid flies in soybean and mungbean. Journal of Economic Entomology, 73(2):197-199

Gai JunYi, Wang JianKang, 1998. Major plus minor gene mixed inheritance of resistance of soybeans to agromyzid beanfly (Melanagromyza sojae Zehntner). Soybean Genetics Newsletter, 25:45-47

Gil-Ortiz R, Martinez M, Jiménez-Peydró R, 2010. First record of Melanagromyza sojae (Zehnter) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in Europe. Journal of Entomological Science, 45(2):190-192

Guedes, J. V. C., Arnemann, J. A., Curioletti, L. E., Burtet, L. M., Ramírez-Paredes, M. L., Noschang, D., Oliveira, F. I. de, Tay, W. T., 2017. First record of soybean stem fly Melanagromyza sojae (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in Paraguay confirmed by molecular evidence. Genetics and Molecular Research, 16(3), 16039707. doi: 10.4238/gmr16039707

IRRI, 1982. Insecticide Evaluation 1981. Los Banos, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute

Jayappa AH, Reddy KMS, Kumar NG, 2002. Parasitoids of soyabean stem fly, Melanagromyza sojae (Zehntner) (Diptera : Agromyzidae). Insect Environment, 8(4):192

KATO S, 1961. Taxonomic studies on soy bean leaf and stem mining flies (Diptera, Agromyzidae) of economic importance in Japan, with descriptions of three new species. Bull. natn. Inst. agric. Sci., Tokyo, 13. Tokyo, 171-206 pp

Kwon SH, Chung KH, Lee YI, Kim JR, Ryu J, 1980. Response of soybean varieties and planting dates to the beanfly (Melanagromyza sp.) damage. Korean Journal of Breeding, 12:30-34

Lee SY, 1976. Notes on some agromyzid flies destructive to soybeans in Taiwan. Formosan Science, 30:54-62

Maleque MA, Kabir KH, Rahman MA, Ahmed MS, Begum R, 2001. Efficacy and economics of some granular and foliar insecticides against the stemflies (Melanagromyza sojae (Zehtn.) and Ophiomyia phaseoli (Tryon)) attacking soybean. Bangladesh Journal of Entomology, 11(1/2):31-40

Meena NL, Sharma US, 2006. Effect of sowing date and row spacing on incidence of major insect-pests of soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merrill. Soybean Research, 4(1/6):73-76

Ozgur, O., Bademci, M., Buyukozturk, H. D., 2019. A new pest on soybean in Turkey: Melanagromyza sojae Zehntner (Diptera: Agromyzidae). EPPO Bulletin, 186-190. doi: 10.1111/epp.12637

Santokh Singh, 1982. Ecology of the Agromyzidae (Diptera) associated with leguminous crops in India. Memoirs of the School of Entomology, St. John's College, Agra, No. 8:iv + 126 pp

Sasakawa M, 1963. A Revision of Polynesian Agromyzidae (Diptera). Pacific Insects, 5(3):489-506

Shepard M, Lawn RJ, Schneider MA, 1983. Insect on Grain Legumes in Northern Australia. St. Lucia, Australia: University of Queensland Press

Singh G, Misra PN, Tiwari SC, 1979. Efficacy of some insecticides in controlling the stemfly of pea. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 49:50-52

Spencer KA, 1972. Agromyzidae (Diptera) of economic importance. Agromyzidae (Diptera) of economic importance. The Hague, The, Dr. W. Junk B.V. Netherlands, xi + 418 pp

Srivastava RM, Sehgal VK, 2002. Effect of foliar application of various insecticides on the infestation and population dynamics of stem fly in mung bean, Vigna radiata. Indian Journal of Entomology, 64(2):216-221

Talekar NS, 1990. Agromyzid flies of food legumes in the tropics. New Delhi, India: Wiley Eastern Limited

Taware SP, Raut VM, Halvankar GB, Varghese P, 2001. Field screening of elite soybean (Glycine max) lines for resistance to leaf miner (Aproaerema modicella) and stem fly (Melanagromyza sojae). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 71(11):740-741

Van der Goot P, 1930. Agromyzid flies of some native legume crops in Java. Mededeelingen van net Instituut voor Plantenziekten No. 78. (Original in Dutch, translation published in 1984 by Tropical Vegetable Information Service, Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center, Shanhua, Taiwan)

Vera, MA, Perini, CR, Murúa, MG, Casmuz, AS, Gastaminza, G, Guedes, JC, 2021. First record of the soybean stem fly Melanagromyza sojae (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in chickpea crops. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s42690-020-00383-6 doi: 10.1007/s42690-020-00383-6

Wang CL, 1979. Occurrence and life-history of Melanagromyza sojae on soybean. Journal of Agricultural Research of China, 28(4):217-223

Waterhouse DF, 1993. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. ACIAR Monograph No. 21. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp

Distribution References

Anon, 1984. Progress Report, 1982, Asian Vegetable Research and Development Centre. Shanhua, Taiwan: AVRDC. 337 pp.

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. In: Technical Document No. 135, Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Bakar A K B A, Zabidi A L B A, 1979. Soybean crop protection in West Malaysia: pests. Tropical Grain Legume Bulletin. 25-29.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Cai HuiJuan, Lin RenKui, Fu DongJi, Chen PeiXian, 2006. Characteristics of Melanagromyza sojae occurrence and hazard and its non-hazard control techniques. Fujian Agricultural Science and Technology. 54-55.

Czepak C, Nunes M le S, Carvalhais T, Anjos M V dos, Silverio R F, Lima P B S de O, Godinho K C A, Lima Junior A M de, Coelho R M S, Gontijo P da C, 2018. First record of the soybean stem fly Melanagromyza sojae (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in the Brazilian Savannah. Pesquisa Agropecuária Tropical. 48 (2), 200-203. DOI:10.1590/1983-40632018v4853158

Ferreira D R, Marchesan E, Ugalde G A, Pozebon H, Marques R P, Moro D, Padilha G, Forgiarini S E, Perini C R, Arnemann J A, 2020. The soybean stem fly found on Persian clover as an alternative wintering host in the soybean belt of South America. Genetics and Molecular Research. 19 (2), DOI:10.4238/gmr185627

Gai JunYi, Wang JianKang, 1998. Major plus minor gene mixed inheritance of resistance of soybeans to agromyzid beanfly (Melanagromyza sojae Zehntner). Soybean Genetics Newsletter. 45-47.

Gil-Ortiz R, Martinez M, Jiménez-Peydró R, 2010. First record of Melanagromyza sojae (Zehnter) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in Europe. Journal of Entomological Science. 45 (2), 190-192.

Goot P van der, 1930. Agromyzid flies of some native legume crops in Java. In: Mededeelingen van net Instituut voor Plantenziekten,

Guedes J V C, Arnemann J A, Curioletti L E, Burtet L M, Ramírez-Paredes M L, Noschang D, Oliveira F I de, Tay W T, 2017. First record of soybean stem fly Melanagromyza sojae (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in Paraguay confirmed by molecular evidence. Genetics and Molecular Research. 16 (3), 16039707. DOI:10.4238/gmr16039707

IRRI, 1982. Insecticide Evaluation 1981., Los Banos, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute.

Jayappa A H, Reddy K M S, Kumar N G, 2002. Parasitoids of soyabean stem fly, Melanagromyza sojae (Zehntner) (Diptera : Agromyzidae). Insect Environment. 8 (4), 192.

Kato S, 1961. Taxonomic studies on soy bean leaf and stem mining flies (Diptera, Agromyzidae) of economic importance in Japan, with descriptions of three new species. In: Bull. natn. Inst. agric. Sci., Tokyo, Tokyo. 171-206 pp.

Kwon SH, Chung KH, Lee YI, Kim JR, Ryu J, 1980. Response of soybean varieties and planting dates to the beanfly (Melanagromyza sp.) damage. In: Korean Journal of Breeding, 12 30-34.

Maleque M A, Kabir K H, Rahman M A, Ahmed M S, Begum R, 2001. Efficacy and economics of some granular and foliar insecticides against the stemflies (Melanagromyza sojae (Zehtn.) and Ophiomyia phaseoli (Tryon)) attacking soybean. Bangladesh Journal of Entomology. 11 (1/2), 31-40.

Meena N L, Sharma U S, 2006. Effect of sowing date and row spacing on incidence of major insect-pests of soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merrill. Soybean Research. 4 (1/6), 73-76.

Ozgur O, Bademci M, Buyukozturk H D, 2019. A new pest on soybean in Turkey: Melanagromyza sojae Zehntner (Diptera: Agromyzidae). EPPO Bulletin. 186-190. DOI:10.1111/epp.12637

Özgür O, Bademci M, Büyüköztürk HD, 2020. A new pest on soybean in Turkey: Melanagromyza sojae Zehntner (Diptera: Agromyzidae). EPPO Bulletin. 50 (1), 186-190. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/epp.12637

Salgado Neto G, Palma J, Costa V A, 2017. Syntomopus parisii and Leptomeraporus sp. parasitizing Melanagromyza sojae in Brazil. Ciência Rural. 47 (4), e20160684. DOI:10.1590/0103-8478cr20160684

Santokh Singh, 1982. Ecology of the Agromyzidae (Diptera) associated with leguminous crops in India. In: Memoirs of the School of Entomology, St. John's College, Agra, iv + 126 pp.

Sasakawa M, 1963. A Revision of Polynesian Agromyzidae (Diptera). In: Pacific Insects, 5 (3) 489-506.

Shepard M, Lawn RJ, Schneider MA, 1983. Insect on Grain Legumes in Northern Australia., St. Lucia, Australia: University of Queensland Press.

Spencer K A, 1972. Agromyzidae (Diptera) of economic importance. In: Agromyzidae (Diptera) of economic importance. [Linsley, E. G.; Chemsak, J. A. : Cerambycidae of North America. Part VI, no. 1. Taxonomy and classification of the subfamily Lepturinae.], The Hague, The, Dr. W. Junk B.V. Netherlands: xi + 418 pp.

Srivastava R M, Sehgal V K, 2002. Effect of foliar application of various insecticides on the infestation and population dynamics of stem fly in mung bean, Vigna radiata. Indian Journal of Entomology. 64 (2), 216-221.

Talekar NS, 1990. Agromyzid flies of food legumes in the tropics., New Delhi, India: Wiley Eastern Limited.

Taware S P, Raut V M, Halvankar G B, Varghese P, 2001. Field screening of elite soybean (Glycine max) lines for resistance to leaf miner (Aproaerema modicella) and stem fly (Melanagromyza sojae). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 71 (11), 740-741.

Vera MA, Perini CR, Murúa MG, Casmuz AS, Gastaminza G, Guedes JC, 2021. First record of the soybean stem fly Melanagromyza sojae (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in chickpea crops. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s42690-020-00383-6 DOI:10.1007/s42690-020-00383-6

Vitorio L, Bazán A F C, Arnemann J A, Pozebon H, Ugalde G A, Marques R P, Bevilaqua J G, Puntel L, Colpo T L, Perini C R, Guedes J V C, 2019. First record of the soybean stem fly Melanagromyza sojae (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in Bolivia. Genetics and Molecular Research. 18 (1), unpaginated. DOI:10.4238/gmr18222

Waterhouse D F, 1993. The major arthropod pests and weeds of agriculture in Southeast Asia. Canberra, Australia: ACIAR. v + 141 pp.

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