Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Ophiomyia phaseoli
(bean fly)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Ophiomyia phaseoli (bean fly)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Ophiomyia phaseoli
  • Preferred Common Name
  • bean fly
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
O. phaseoli bean fly on cowpea. Adults metallic black, ca 2.07 mm long.
TitleAdult
CaptionO. phaseoli bean fly on cowpea. Adults metallic black, ca 2.07 mm long.
Copyright©James Litsinger
O. phaseoli bean fly on cowpea. Adults metallic black, ca 2.07 mm long.
AdultO. phaseoli bean fly on cowpea. Adults metallic black, ca 2.07 mm long.©James Litsinger
Female O. phaseoli (right) are slightly larger than males.
TitleAdults
CaptionFemale O. phaseoli (right) are slightly larger than males.
Copyright©James Litsinger
Female O. phaseoli (right) are slightly larger than males.
AdultsFemale O. phaseoli (right) are slightly larger than males.©James Litsinger
Pupae barrel-shaped, cephalic end pointed. Newly emerged pupae are yellow with a brownish tinge and distinctly darker ends, 2.02-2.30 mm long.
TitlePupa
CaptionPupae barrel-shaped, cephalic end pointed. Newly emerged pupae are yellow with a brownish tinge and distinctly darker ends, 2.02-2.30 mm long.
Copyright©James Litsinger
Pupae barrel-shaped, cephalic end pointed. Newly emerged pupae are yellow with a brownish tinge and distinctly darker ends, 2.02-2.30 mm long.
PupaPupae barrel-shaped, cephalic end pointed. Newly emerged pupae are yellow with a brownish tinge and distinctly darker ends, 2.02-2.30 mm long.©James Litsinger
Eggs are laid on the upper side of the leaves, often near the midrib close to the petiole, and are inserted between the epidermis and spongy parenchyma.
TitleOviposition sites
CaptionEggs are laid on the upper side of the leaves, often near the midrib close to the petiole, and are inserted between the epidermis and spongy parenchyma.
Copyright©James Litsinger
Eggs are laid on the upper side of the leaves, often near the midrib close to the petiole, and are inserted between the epidermis and spongy parenchyma.
Oviposition sitesEggs are laid on the upper side of the leaves, often near the midrib close to the petiole, and are inserted between the epidermis and spongy parenchyma.©James Litsinger
Leaves show feeding and oviposition punctures on the upper side with corresponding light yellow spots, especially on the basal portion of the leaf.
TitleSymptoms on cowpea
CaptionLeaves show feeding and oviposition punctures on the upper side with corresponding light yellow spots, especially on the basal portion of the leaf.
Copyright©James Litsinger
Leaves show feeding and oviposition punctures on the upper side with corresponding light yellow spots, especially on the basal portion of the leaf.
Symptoms on cowpeaLeaves show feeding and oviposition punctures on the upper side with corresponding light yellow spots, especially on the basal portion of the leaf. ©James Litsinger
In cases of severe attack, infested leaves become blotchy and later hang down. These leaves may dry out and may even be shed.
TitleSymptoms on cowpea
CaptionIn cases of severe attack, infested leaves become blotchy and later hang down. These leaves may dry out and may even be shed.
Copyright©James Litsinger
In cases of severe attack, infested leaves become blotchy and later hang down. These leaves may dry out and may even be shed.
Symptoms on cowpeaIn cases of severe attack, infested leaves become blotchy and later hang down. These leaves may dry out and may even be shed. ©James Litsinger

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Ophiomyia phaseoli Tryon, 1888

Preferred Common Name

  • bean fly

Other Scientific Names

  • Agromyza destructor Malloch, 1916
  • Agromyza fabalis Jack, 1913
  • Agromyza phaseoli Coquillett, 1899
  • Melanagromyza phaseoli Vanschuytebroeck, 1951
  • Melanagromyza similis Vanschuytebroeck, 1951
  • Oscinis fabae Tryon, 1896, 1897
  • Oscinis phaseoli Tryon, 1894

International Common Names

  • English: agromyzid fly; bean agromyza; bean stem maggot; french bean fly; french bean miner; katjang fly; legume root miner; pea stem agromyza; pea stem fly; pea stemborer; snapbean fly; soybean miner; stemborer
  • Spanish: minador de la hoja; mosca minadora del frijol
  • French: mouche mineuse de l'haricot

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Sojabohnen-Fliege; Tropische Bohnen-Minierfliege
  • Israel: zvuv hashenyit
  • Netherlands: Katjangvliegje

EPPO code

  • MEAGPH (Ophiomyia phaseoli)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Diptera
  •                         Family: Agromyzidae
  •                             Genus: Ophiomyia
  •                                 Species: Ophiomyia phaseoli

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Apr 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

BurundiPresentDieudonne (1981); EPPO (2020)
Congo, Democratic Republic of thePresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EgyptPresent, WidespreadAbul-Nasr and Assem (1966); EPPO (2020)
EthiopiaPresentDe Lima (1983); EPPO (2020)
KenyaPresent, LocalizedKhamala (1978); EPPO (2020)
LibyaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Hammad and (1974)
MadagascarPresentEPPO (2020)
MalawiPresentEdje et al. (1981); EPPO (2020)
MaliPresentDe Lima (1983); EPPO (2020)
MauritiusPresentMoutia (1932); EPPO (2020)
NigeriaPresentDe Lima (1983); EPPO (2020)
RéunionPresentEPPO (2020)
RwandaPresentNyabyenda et al. (1981); EPPO (2020)
SenegalPresentDe Lima (1983); EPPO (2020)
South AfricaPresentCABI (Undated a)
SudanPresentDe Lima (1983); EPPO (2020)
TanzaniaPresentSwaine (1968); Bohlen (1973); EPPO (2020)
UgandaPresentGreathead (1968); EPPO (2020)
ZambiaPresentEPPO (2020)
ZimbabwePresentTAYLOR (1958); EPPO (2020)

Asia

BangladeshPresentEPPO (2020); Santosh Mazumdar and Bhuiya (2014)
BruneiPresentWaterhouse (1993)
ChinaPresentEPPO (2020)
-GuangdongPresentCAMPBELL (1925); EPPO (2020)
-GuangxiPresentEPPO (2020)
-ShandongPresent, WidespreadCABI (Undated)Original citation: Anon, 1978
Hong KongPresentEPPO (2020)
IndiaPresentEPPO (2020)
-Andhra PradeshPresentEPPO (2020)
-AssamPresentEPPO (2020)
-BiharPresentEPPO (2020)
-GujaratPresentDodia et al. (2005)
-KarnatakaPresent, WidespreadCABI (Undated)Original citation: Krishna Moorthy & Srinivasan, 1989
-MeghalayaPresentRao et al. (2002)
-OdishaPresentEPPO (2020)
-PunjabPresentEPPO (2020)
-RajasthanPresentVerma and Henry (2007)
-Tamil NaduPresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-Uttar PradeshPresentPANDEY (1962); EPPO (2020)
-UttarakhandPresentSrivastava and Sehgal (2002)
IndonesiaPresentEPPO (2020)
-Irian JayaPresentEPPO (2020)
-JavaPresentEPPO (2020)
-SumatraPresentEPPO (2020)
IranPresentEPPO (2020)
IsraelPresentAVIDOV and HARPAZ (1969); EPPO (2020)
JapanPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-Ryukyu IslandsPresentEPPO (2020)
JordanPresentEPPO (2020)
LaosPresentWaterhouse (1993)
MalaysiaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresent, WidespreadHo (1967); EPPO (2020)
-SabahPresentEPPO (2020)
-SarawakPresentEPPO (2020)
MyanmarPresentGhosh (1940); Waterhouse (1993); EPPO (2020)
NepalPresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
PakistanPresentKhan and Shafique (1974); EPPO (2020)
PhilippinesPresentOtanes (1918); Waterhouse (1993); EPPO (2020)
Saudi ArabiaPresentEPPO (2020)
SingaporePresentMathieu (1920); APPPC (1987); Waterhouse (1993); EPPO (2020)
Sri LankaPresentNALLINI WICKRAMASINGHE and FERNANDO (1962); EPPO (2020)
TaiwanPresentChen (1953); EPPO (2020)
ThailandPresentArunin (1978); APPPC (1987); Waterhouse (1993); EPPO (2020)
TurkeyPresentCİvelek and Ulusoy (2000)
VietnamPresentTalekar (1990); Waterhouse (1993); EPPO (2020)

North America

United StatesPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-HawaiiPresentHo (1967); EPPO (2020)

Oceania

AustraliaPresentEPPO (2020)
-New South WalesPresent, LocalizedMorgan (1939); EPPO (2020)
-Northern TerritoryPresentEPPO (2020)
-QueenslandPresent, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
-Western AustraliaPresentEPPO (2020)
Christmas IslandPresentBellis et al. (2004)
Federated States of MicronesiaPresentEPPO (2020)
FijiPresentLever (1946); EPPO (2020)
GuamPresentAPPPC (1987); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
Northern Mariana IslandsPresentEPPO (2020)
PalauPresentEPPO (2020)
Papua New GuineaPresentYoung (1984); APPPC (1987); EPPO (2020)
SamoaPresentEPPO (2020)
Solomon IslandsPresentAPPPC (1987)

Growth Stages

Top of page Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Roots / internal feeding
Stems / internal feeding
Stems / internal feeding
Whole plant / dwarfing

Natural enemies

Top of page
Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Callitula yasudi Parasite Larvae
Eupelmus eurozonus Parasite Larvae
Eupelmus grayi Parasite Larvae
Eurydinotellus viridicola Parasite Larvae
Eurytoma Parasite Larvae
Eurytoma poloni Parasite Larvae
Halticoptera patellana Parasite Larvae
Hemiptarsenus agromyzae Parasite Larvae
Hemiptarsenus varicornis Parasite Larvae
Hippasa holmerae Predator
Menismonella shakespeari Parasite Larvae
Metacolus subaenea Parasite Larvae
Opius importatus Parasite Larvae Brunei; Guam; Hawaii beans
Opius liogaster Parasite
Opius melanagromyzae Parasite Hawaii
Opius oleracei Parasite Larvae
Opius phaseoli Parasite Larvae Brunei; Guam; Hawaii beans
Plutarchia Parasite Larvae
Plutarchia bicariniventris Parasite
Polycystomyia benefica Parasite Larvae
Sphegigaster agromyzae Parasite Larvae
Sphegigaster brunneicornis Parasite
Sphegigaster hamugurivara Parasite Larvae
Sphegigaster stepicola Parasite

Plant Trade

Top of page
Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches larvae; pupae Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Growing medium accompanying plants
Leaves
Roots
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

Top of page

1978. Studies on the soybean agromyzid fly in Shantung Province. Acta Entomologica Sinica, 21(2):137-150

Abul-Nasr S; Assem MAH, 1966. The external morphology of the beanfly, Melanagromyza phaseoli (Tryon). Bulletin de la Societe Entomologique d'Egypte, 50:61-69.

Abul-Nasr S; Assem MAH, 1968. Studies on the biological processes of the bean fly, Melanagromyza phaseoli (Tryon) (Diptera:Agromyzidae). Bulletin de la Societe Entomologique d'Egypte, 52:283-295

Agarwal NS; Pandey ND, 1961. Bionomics of Melanagromyza phaseoli (Coq.) (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Indian Journal of Entomology, 23:293-298.

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Arunin A, 1978. Pests of soybean and their control in Thailand. In: Singh SR, Emden HF van, Taylor TA, ed. Van Emden, H. F. : Pests of grain legumes: ecology and control. Academic Press Inc. (London) Ltd. London UK, 43-46

Avidov Z; Harpaz I, 1969. Plant pests of Israel. Jerusalem, Israel: Israel Universities Press.

AVRDC, 1981a. AVRDC Progress Report 1979. Shanhua, Taiwan: Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center.

AVRDC, 1981b. Progress report for 1980. Shanhua, Taiwan: Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center.

AVRDC, 1985. 1983 Progress report. Shanhua, Taiwan: Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center.

AVRDC, 1990. 1988 Progress Report. Tainan, Taiwan: Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center.

Bellis GA; Donaldson JF; Carver M; Hancock DL; Fletcher MJ, 2004. Records of insect pests on Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Indian Ocean. Australian Entomologist, 31(3):93-102.

Bohlen E, 1973. Crop pests in Tanzania and their control. Berlin, Germany: Verlag Paul Parey.

Burikam I, 1978. Ecological investigation of the bean fly, Ophiomyia phaseoli (Tryon) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) and its natural enemies in Thailand. Ecological investigation of the bean fly, Ophiomyia phaseoli (Tryon) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) and its natural enemies in Thailand. Kasetsart University;. Thailand, 71 pp.

Campbell AS, 1925. Agromyzid fly in beans. Lingnaam Agricultural Review, 3:16-17.

Chen KH, 1953. Control of stem-miner of legumes. Part 2. Agricultural Research (Taiwan), 4:90-104.

Chiang HS; Talekar NS, 1980. Identification of sources of resistance to the beanfly and two other agromyzid flies in soybean and mungbean. Journal of Economic Entomology, 73(2):197-199

Civelek HS; Ulusoy MR, 2000. A new record for the Turkish leafminer (Diptera: Agromyzidae) fauna: Ophiomyia phaseoli (Tryon, 1895). (Türkiye galerisinekleri (Diptera: Agromyzidae) faunasI için yeni bir kayIt: Ophiomyia phaseoli (Tryon, 1895).) Türkiye Entomoloji Dergisi, 24(3):163-166.

Coquillett DW, 1899. Description of Agromyza phaseoli, a new species of leaf mining fly. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 1:128-129.

Davis CJ, 1971. Recent introductions for biological control in Hawaii. XVI. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 21:59-62.

De Lima CPF, 1983. Management of pests of subsistence crops. In: Youdeowei A, Service MW, eds. Pest and Vector Management in the Tropics. London, UK: Longman, 246-250.

De Meijere JCH, 1922. Zur Kenntnis javanischer Agromyzinen. Bijdr Dierk, 22:17-24.

Dieudonne C, 1981. Bean production in Burundi. In: Potential for Field Beans in Eastern Africa. Cali, Colombia:Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), 31-34.

Dodia DA; Prajapati BG; Tikka SBS, 2005. Effect of different insecticides as seed treatment on stemfly of rajmash. Indian Journal of Pulses Research, 18(1):97.

Edje OT; Mughogho LK; Rao YP; Msuku WAB, 1981. Bean production in Malawi. In: Potential for Field Beans in Eastern Africa. Cali, Colombia: Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), 56-97.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Froggatt WW, 1898. A serious bean pest in Gosford. Agricultural Gazette New South Wales, 9:560-561.

Ghosh CC, 1940. Insect Pests of Burma. Rangoon: Superintendent's Government Printing Station.

Greathead DJ, 1968. A study in East Africa of beanflies (Dipt., Agromyzidae) affecting Phaseolus vulgaris and their natural enemies, with the description of new species of Melanagromyza Hend. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 59:541-561.

Greathead DJ, 1975. Biological control of the beanfly, Ophiomyia phaseoli (Dipt.: Agromyzidae), by Opius spp. (Hym.: Braconidae) in the Hawaiian Islands. Entomophaga, 20(3):313-316

Hammad SM, 1974. Additions to the insect fauna of Libya. Bulletin de la Societe Entomologique d'Egypte, 58:207-211

Ho TH, 1967. The beanfly (Melanagromyza phaseoli Coq) and experiments on its control. Malaysian Agricultural Journal, 46:149-157.

IRRI, 1981. Insecticide evaluation 1980. Los Banos, Philippines: Department of Entomology, International Rice Research Institute.

Jack RW, 1913. The bean stem maggot. Rhodesian Agricultural Journal, 10:545-553.

KATO S, 1961. Taxonomic studies on soy bean leaf and stem mining flies (Diptera, Agromyzidae) of economic importance in Japan, with descriptions of three new species. Bull. natn. Inst. agric. Sci., Tokyo, 13. Tokyo, 171-206 pp.

Khamala CPM, 1978. Pests of grain legumes and their control in Kenya. In: Singh SR, Emden HF van, Taylor TA, ed. Van Emden, H. F. : Pests of grain legumes: ecology and control. Academic Press Inc. (London) Ltd. London UK, 127-134

Khan SA; Shafique RM, 1974. Stem mining fly Malenagromyza phaseoli (Tryon) observed on soybean in Punjab. Agriculture Pakistan, 25(1):19-20

Kooner BS; Harcharan Singh; Kumar S, 1977. Effect of dates of sowing on the incidence of stem-fly, Melanagromyza phaseoli (Tryon) in pea crop. Journal of Entomological Research, 1(1):100-103

Lever RJA, 1946. Insects of Fiji. Bulletin Department of Agriculture Fiji, 23:36.

Malloch JR, 1916. A new species of Agromyza destructive to beans in the Philippines. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 18:93.

Manohar S; Balasubramanian M, 1980. Study on the seasonal incidence of agromyzid stem fly Ophiomyia phaseoli Tryon (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in blackgram. Madras Agricultural Journal, 67(8):534-537

Mathieu E, 1920. Tuba-root (Derris elliptica) as an insecticide. Gardens Bulletin Straits Settlements, Singapore, 2:192-197.

Moorthy PNK; Srinivasan K, 1989. Petiole-mining thresholds and potassium chloride sprays for management of bean fly (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in snap beans and cowpea. Journal of Economic Entomology, 82(1):246-250

Morgan WL, 1938. For bean fly control use white oil-nicotine sulphate mixture. Agricultural Gazette, New South Wales, 49:22-24.

Morgan WL, 1939. Recommendations for control of bean fly. Agricultural Gazette New South Wales, 50:90.

Moutia A, 1932. Annual Report 1931. Mauritius: Department of Agriculture. Mauritius.

Nyabyenda P; Sekanabanga C; Nyangurundi L, 1981. Bean production in Rwanda. In: Potential for Field Beans in Eastern Africa. Cali, Colombia: Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), 91-121.

Otanes FQ, 1918. The beanfly. Philippine Agriculturist, 7:2-31.

Pandey ND, 1962. Studies on the morphology, bionomics, and control of some Indian Agromyzidae. Agra University Journal of Research,11:39-43.

Peter Ooi AC, 1973. Some insect pests of green gram, Phaseolus aureus. Malaysian Agricultural Journal, 49(2):131-142

Peterson GD, Jr. , 1957. Recent additions to the list of insects which attack crops and other important plants in Guam. Proceedings of Hawaiian Entomological Soceity, 16:203-207.

Rao KR; Pathak KA; Shylesha AN, 2002. Spatial distribution of stem fly, Melanagromyza phaseoli Tryor on field pea. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences, 10(1):59-61.

Raros ES, 1975. Bionomics of bean fly, Ophiomyia phaseoli (Tryon) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) and its parasites in Hawaii. Ph. D. Thesis. Honolulu, USA: Department of Entomology, University of Hawaii.

Santokh Singh, 1982. Ecology of the Agromyzidae (Diptera) associated with leguminous crops in India. Memoirs of the School of Entomology, St. John's College, Agra, No. 8:iv + 126 pp.

Santosh Mazumdar; Bhuiya BA, 2014. Vegetable leafminers (Diptera: Agromyzidae) and their plant hosts in Bangladesh. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 6(6):5894-5899. http://www.threatenedtaxa.org/showAbstract.asp

Spencer KA, 1972. Agromyzidae (Diptera) of economic importance. Agromyzidae (Diptera) of economic importance. The Hague, The, Dr. W. Junk B.V. Netherlands, xi + 418 pp.

Srivastava RM; Sehgal VK, 2002. Effect of foliar application of various insecticides on the infestation and population dynamics of stem fly in mung bean, Vigna radiata. Indian Journal of Entomology, 64(2):216-221.

Swaine G, 1968. Studies on the biology and control of pests of seed beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) in northern Tanzania. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 59:323-338.

Talekar NS, 1990. Agromyzid flies of food legumes in the tropics. New Delhi, India: Wiley Eastern Limited.

Talekar NS; Tengkano W, 1993. Mechanism of resistance to bean fly (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in soybean. Journal of Economic Entomology, 86(3):981-985

Taylor CE, 1958. The bean stem maggot. Rhodesian Agricultural Journal, 55:634-636.

Tryon H, 1894. The bean maggot. Transaction of Natural History Society of Queensland, 1:4-7.

Tryon H, 1896. Report of the entomologist. In: Report Department of Agriculture Queensland 1894-95. St. Lucia, Australia.

Tryon H, 1897. Report of the entomologist. In: Report Department of Agriculture Queensland 1896-97. St. Lucia, Australia.

Van der Goot P, 1930. Agromyzid flies of some native legume crops in Java. Mededeelingen van net Instituut voor Plantenziekten No. 78. (Original in Dutch, translation published in 1984 by Tropical Vegetable Information Service, Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center, Shanhua, Taiwan).

Vanschuytebroeck P, 1951a. Description d'un Diptere Agromyzidae nouveau du Congo Belge. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 44:167-168.

Vanschuytebroeck P, 1951b. Rectification de nomenclature. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 45:99.

Verma SK; Henry A, 2007. Unusual incidence of dipteran pests on grain legumes in the arid zones of Rajasthan. Journal of Arid Legumes, 4(2):152-153. http://www.scientificpub.com

Walker PT, 1960. Insecticide studies in East African agricultural pests. III. Seed dressing for the control of beanfly, Melanagromyza phaseoli (Coq.) in Tanganyika. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 50:781-793.

Wallace GB, 1939. French bean diseases and bean fly in East Africa. East African Agricultural Journal, 5:170-175.

Waterhouse DF, 1993. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. ACIAR Monograph No. 21. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp.

Wickramasinghe N; Fernando HE, 1962. Investigations on insecticidal seed dressings soil treatments and foliar sprays for the control of Melanagromyza phaseoli (Tryon) in Ceylon. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 52:223-240.

Yasuda K, 1982. Life tables of the French bean miner, Ophiomyia phaseoli (Diptera, Agromyzidae) on young kidney seedlings. Proceedings of the Association for Plant Protection of Kyushu, 28:145-148

Young GR, 1984. A checklist of mite and insect pests of vegetable, grain and forage legumes in Papua New Guinea. Papua New Guinea Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, 33(1/2):13-38; 15 ref.

Distribution References

Abul-Nasr S, Assem MAH, 1966. The external morphology of the beanfly, Melanagromyza phaseoli (Tryon). In: Bulletin de la Societe Entomologique d'Egypte, 50 61-69.

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. In: Technical Document No. 135, Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Arunin A, 1978. Pests of soybean and their control in Thailand. In: Van Emden, H. F. : Pests of grain legumes: ecology and control. [ed. by Singh S R, Emden H F van, Taylor T A]. London, UK: Academic Press Inc. (London) Ltd. 43-46.

AVIDOV Z, HARPAZ I, 1969. Plant pests of Israel. Plant pests of Israel. x+549 pp.

Bellis G A, Donaldson J F, Carver M, Hancock D L, Fletcher M J, 2004. Records of insect pests on Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Indian Ocean. Australian Entomologist. 31 (3), 93-102.

Bohlen E, 1973. Crop pests in Tanzania and their control. In: Crop pests in Tanzania and their control. Berlin, Germany: Verlag Paul Parey. 142pp.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CAMPBELL A S, 1925. Agromyzid Fly in Beans. Lingnaam Agricultural Review. 3 (1), 16-17 pp.

Chen K H, 1953. Control of stem-miner of legumes. Part 2. Agricultural Research (Taiwan). 90-104.

Cİvelek H S, Ulusoy M R, 2000. A new record for the Turkish leafminer (Diptera: Agromyzidae) fauna: Ophiomyia phaseoli (Tryon, 1895). (Türkiye galerisinekleri (Diptera: Agromyzidae) faunası için yeni bir kayıt: Ophiomyia phaseoli (Tryon, 1895).). Türkiye Entomoloji Dergisi. 24 (3), 163-166.

De Lima CPF, 1983. Management of pests of subsistence crops. In: Pest and Vector Management in the Tropics, [ed. by Youdeowei A, Service MW]. London, UK: Longman. 246-250.

Dieudonne C, 1981. Bean production in Burundi. In: Potential for field beans in eastern Africa. Proceedings of a regional workshop held in Lilongwe, Malawi, 9-14 March 1980 [Potential for field beans in eastern Africa. Proceedings of a regional workshop held in Lilongwe, Malawi, 9-14 March 1980], Cali, Colombia: CIAT. 31-34.

Dodia D A, Prajapati B G, Tikka S B S, 2005. Effect of different insecticides as seed treatment on stemfly of rajmash. Indian Journal of Pulses Research. 18 (1), 97.

Edje O T, Mughogho L K, Rao Y P, Msuku W A B, 1981. Bean production in Malawi. In: Potential for field beans in eastern Africa. Proceedings of a regional workshop held in Lilongwe, Malawi, 9-14 March 1980 [Potential for field beans in eastern Africa. Proceedings of a regional workshop held in Lilongwe, Malawi, 9-14 March 1980], Cali, Colombia: CIAT. 55-97.

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO.

Ghosh C C, 1940. Insect Pests of Burma. Rangoon, Superintendent's Government Printing Station.

Greathead DJ, 1968. A study in East Africa of beanflies (Dipt., Agromyzidae) affecting Phaseolus vulgaris and their natural enemies, with the description of new species of Melanagromyza Hend. In: Bulletin of Entomological Research, 59 541-561.

Ho TH, 1967. The beanfly (Melanagromyza phaseoli Coq) and experiments on its control. In: Malaysian Agricultural Journal, 46 149-157.

Khamala C P M, 1978. Pests of grain legumes and their control in Kenya. In: Van Emden, H. F. : Pests of grain legumes: ecology and control. [ed. by Singh S R, Emden H F van, Taylor T A]. London, UK: Academic Press Inc. (London) Ltd. 127-134.

Khan S A, Shafique R M, 1974. Stem mining fly Malenagromyza phaseoli (Tryon) observed on soybean in Punjab. Agriculture Pakistan. 25 (1), 19-20.

Lever R J A, 1946. Insects of Fiji. Bulletin Department of Agriculture Fiji. 36.

Mathieu E, 1920. Tuba-root (Derris elliptica) as an insecticide. Gardens' Bulletin, Straits Settlements. 192-197.

Morgan W L, 1939. Recommendations for control of bean fly. Agricultural Gazette New South Wales. 90.

Moutia A, 1932. Annual Report 1931. Mauritius: Department of Agriculture.

NALLINI WICKRAMASINGHE, FERNANDO H E, 1962. Investigations on insecticidal seed dressings, soil treatments and foliar sprays for the control of Melanagromyza phaseoli (Tryon) in Ceylon. Bulletin of Entomological Research. 53 (pt. 2), 223-240 pp. DOI:10.1017/S0007485300048094

Nyabyenda P, Sekanabanga C, Nyangurundi L, 1981. Bean production in Rwanda. In: Potential for field beans in eastern Africa. Proceedings of a regional workshop held in Lilongwe, Malawi, 9-14 March 1980 [Potential for field beans in eastern Africa. Proceedings of a regional workshop held in Lilongwe, Malawi, 9-14 March 1980], Cali, Colombia: CIAT. 98-121.

Otanes F Q, 1918. The beanfly. Philippine Agriculturist. 2-31.

PANDEY N D, 1962. Studies on the morphology, bionomics and control of some Indian Agromyzidae. Agra University Journal of Research (Science). 11 (pt. 2), 39-43 pp.

Rao K R, Pathak K A, Shylesha A N, 2002. Spatial distribution of stem fly, Melanagromyza phaseoli Tryor on field pea. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences. 10 (1), 59-61.

Santosh Mazumdar, Bhuiya B A, 2014. Vegetable leafminers (Diptera: Agromyzidae) and their plant hosts in Bangladesh. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 6 (6), 5894-5899. http://www.threatenedtaxa.org/showAbstract.asp DOI:10.11609/JoTT.o3892.5894-9

Srivastava R M, Sehgal V K, 2002. Effect of foliar application of various insecticides on the infestation and population dynamics of stem fly in mung bean, Vigna radiata. Indian Journal of Entomology. 64 (2), 216-221.

Swaine G, 1968. Studies on the biology and control of pests of seed beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) in northern Tanzania. In: Bulletin of Entomological Research, 59 323-338.

Talekar NS, 1990. Agromyzid flies of food legumes in the tropics., New Delhi, India: Wiley Eastern Limited.

TAYLOR C E, 1958. The bean stem maggot. Rhodesia Agricultural Journal. 634-6.

Verma S K, Henry A, 2007. Unusual incidence of dipteran pests on grain legumes in the arid zones of Rajasthan. Journal of Arid Legumes. 4 (2), 152-153. http://www.scientificpub.com

Waterhouse D F, 1993. The major arthropod pests and weeds of agriculture in Southeast Asia. Canberra, Australia: ACIAR. v + 141 pp.

Young G R, 1984. A checklist of mite and insect pests of vegetable, grain and forage legumes in Papua New Guinea. Papua New Guinea Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. 33 (1/2), 13-38.

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map