Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Macadamia integrifolia
(macadamia nut)

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Datasheet

Macadamia integrifolia (macadamia nut)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Macadamia integrifolia
  • Preferred Common Name
  • macadamia nut
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Nuts

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Flowering raceme of M. integrifolia.
TitleFlowers
CaptionFlowering raceme of M. integrifolia.
CopyrightCraig Hardner
Flowering raceme of M. integrifolia.
FlowersFlowering raceme of M. integrifolia.Craig Hardner
Flowering raceme of M. tetraphylla.
TitleFlowers
CaptionFlowering raceme of M. tetraphylla.
CopyrightCraig Hardner
Flowering raceme of M. tetraphylla.
FlowersFlowering raceme of M. tetraphylla.Craig Hardner
Mature macadamia fruit on tree.
TitleFruits
CaptionMature macadamia fruit on tree.
CopyrightCraig Hardner
Mature macadamia fruit on tree.
FruitsMature macadamia fruit on tree.Craig Hardner
Cracked nuts and kernel.
TitleCracked nuts
CaptionCracked nuts and kernel.
CopyrightCraig Hardner
Cracked nuts and kernel.
Cracked nutsCracked nuts and kernel.Craig Hardner
Mature Macadamia integrifolia in a natural population.
TitleNatural population
CaptionMature Macadamia integrifolia in a natural population.
CopyrightJodie Neal
Mature Macadamia integrifolia in a natural population.
Natural populationMature Macadamia integrifolia in a natural population.Jodie Neal
Macadamia in nursery immediately after grafting.
TitleGrafting
CaptionMacadamia in nursery immediately after grafting.
CopyrightCraig Hardner
Macadamia in nursery immediately after grafting.
GraftingMacadamia in nursery immediately after grafting.Craig Hardner
Commercial macadamia orchard at 12 years of age.
TitleCommercial orchard
CaptionCommercial macadamia orchard at 12 years of age.
CopyrightCraig Hardner
Commercial macadamia orchard at 12 years of age.
Commercial orchardCommercial macadamia orchard at 12 years of age.Craig Hardner

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Macadamia integrifolia Maiden & Betche

Preferred Common Name

  • macadamia nut

Other Scientific Names

  • Macadamia ternifolia var. integrifolia

International Common Names

  • English: Australian nut; bauple nut; bush nut; macadamia; Queensland nut; smooth-shell Queensland nut
  • French: macadamier; noix du Queensland; noyer du Queensland
  • Chinese: ao zhou jian guo
  • Portuguese: macadâmia; nogueira-do-havaí

Local Common Names

  • Australia: jindilli; kindal kindal
  • Germany: glattschalige Macadamia; Macadamianuß

EPPO code

  • MCDIN (Macadamia integrifolia)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Proteales
  •                         Family: Proteaceae
  •                             Genus: Macadamia
  •                                 Species: Macadamia integrifolia

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Ageratina adenophora (Croftonweed); Amblypelta lutescens (banana spotting bug); Amblypelta nitida (fruitspotting bug); Botryosphaeria ribis (canker: apple); Cryptophlebia illepida (koa seedworm); Cryptophlebia ombrodelta (macadamia nut borer); Cyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed); Euphorbia hirta (garden spurge); Gymnandrosoma aurantianum (citrus fruit borer); Hypothenemus obscurus (tropical nut borer); Nezara viridula (green stink bug); Phytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback); Pseudotheraptus wayi (coconut bug); Rattus exulans (Pacific rat); Rattus norvegicus (brown rat); Rattus rattus (black rat)

Minor host of:

Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Dorisiana viridis; Enterobacter cloacae (antagonist of Pythium); Eriococcus ironsidei; Euwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer); Ganoderma applanatum (shelf fungus); Ganoderma lucidum (basal stem rot: Hevea spp.); Glomerella cingulata (anthracnose); Icerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale); Lasiodiplodia pseudotheobromae; Nematospora coryli (yeast spot of beans); Phytophthora capsici (stem and fruit rot of Capsicum); Phytophthora tropicalis; Pratylenchus brachyurus (root-lesion nematode); Riptortus; Riptortus dentipes (pod-sucking bug); Rosellinia necatrix (dematophora root rot); Scirtothrips aurantii (South African citrus thrips); Sophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper); Toxoptera aurantii (camellia aphid); Xyleborus affinis (shot-hole borer of sugarcane); Xyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer); Xyleborus volvulus; Xylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)

Uses List

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Human food and beverage

  • Nuts