Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Chamomilla recutita
(common chamomile)

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Datasheet

Chamomilla recutita (common chamomile)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Chamomilla recutita
  • Preferred Common Name
  • common chamomile
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
M. recutita is a glabrous annual aromatic herb, 10-60 cm tall with erect or ascending stems, much branched above.
TitleColoured artwork
CaptionM. recutita is a glabrous annual aromatic herb, 10-60 cm tall with erect or ascending stems, much branched above.
CopyrightNOVARTIS (from GEIGY Weed Tables No. 113)
M. recutita is a glabrous annual aromatic herb, 10-60 cm tall with erect or ascending stems, much branched above.
Coloured artworkM. recutita is a glabrous annual aromatic herb, 10-60 cm tall with erect or ascending stems, much branched above.NOVARTIS (from GEIGY Weed Tables No. 113)
Plant parts of M. recutita: (A) typical leaf; (B) seedling.
TitleLine drawing of plant parts
CaptionPlant parts of M. recutita: (A) typical leaf; (B) seedling.
CopyrightNOVARTIS (from GEIGY Weed Tables No. 113)
Plant parts of M. recutita: (A) typical leaf; (B) seedling.
Line drawing of plant partsPlant parts of M. recutita: (A) typical leaf; (B) seedling.NOVARTIS (from GEIGY Weed Tables No. 113)

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Chamomilla recutita (L.) Rauschert

Preferred Common Name

  • common chamomile

Other Scientific Names

  • Chamomilla vulgaris K.Koch
  • Matricaria chamomilla auct.
  • Matricaria recutita L.
  • Matricaria recutita L.
  • Tripleurospermum recutita

International Common Names

  • English: dogs chamomile; German chamomile; Hungarian chamomile; pinheads; scented mayweed; scented mayweed; sweet false chamomile; wild chamomile
  • Spanish: camomila borda; magarza; manzanilla bastarda; manzanilla comun; manzanilla de aragon; manzanilla loca
  • French: camomille ordinaire; fausse camomille; fleure de camomile; matricaire; matricaire camomille; matricaire chamomille; petite camomille
  • Russian: romanska aptecnaja
  • Arabic: gul-e-boonah
  • Portuguese: camomila; margaça-das-botias; margaca-das-boticas

Local Common Names

  • Brazil: camomila dos alemoa; camomila vulgar; mecanilha
  • Bulgaria: lajka
  • Czechoslovakia (former): hermánek pravý; rumanek
  • Denmark: vellugtende kamille
  • Egypt: babouning
  • Finland: kamelisaunio; kamomillasaunio; tuoksusauniot
  • Germany: Echte Kamille; Feldkamille; Kamille; Kamillenbluten; Kleinekimille; Mutterkraut
  • Hungary: szekfu kamilla
  • India: pushpkamila
  • Iraq: baboon; baboonij
  • Italy: camomilla commune; camomilla comune; capomille; chamomilla vulgare
  • Japan: kamitsure
  • Netherlands: echte Kamille; stinkkruid
  • Norway: kamilleblom
  • Peru: manzanilla comun
  • Sweden: kamomill; sotblomster; sotkamomill
  • Turkey: makikipapatya; papatya
  • Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro): kamilica

EPPO code

  • MATCH (Matricaria chamomilla)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Asterales
  •                         Family: Asteraceae
  •                             Genus: Chamomilla
  •                                 Species: Chamomilla recutita

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 25 Jun 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

EgyptPresent, Widespread
TunisiaPresent

Asia

AfghanistanPresent, Widespread
BangladeshPresent
IndiaPresent
IranPresent
IraqPresent, Widespread
IsraelPresent
JapanPresent
JordanPresent
PakistanPresent
QatarPresent
South KoreaPresent
TurkeyPresent

Europe

AustriaPresent, Widespread
BelgiumPresent, Widespread
BulgariaPresent, Widespread
CzechiaPresentOriginal citation: Dostalek (1996)
FinlandPresent
FrancePresent, Widespread
GermanyPresent, Widespread
GreecePresent, Widespread
HungaryPresent, Widespread
IrelandPresent, Few occurrences
ItalyPresent, Widespread
NetherlandsPresent, Widespread
NorwayPresent
PolandPresent, Widespread
PortugalPresent
RussiaPresent
SerbiaPresent
Serbia and MontenegroPresent
SpainPresent, Widespread
-Balearic IslandsPresent
SwedenPresent, Widespread
SwitzerlandPresent
United KingdomPresent
-Channel IslandsPresent, Localized

North America

CanadaPresent, Widespread
Costa RicaPresent
United StatesPresent
-HawaiiPresent
-MissouriPresentOriginal citation: Yatskrevych & Turner, 1990

Oceania

AustraliaPresent
New ZealandPresent

South America

ArgentinaPresent
BrazilPresent
ChilePresent
PeruPresent
UruguayPresent

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Golovinomyces cichoracearum Pathogen

References

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Ahmed IH; Awad MA; El-Mahdy M; Gohar HM; Ghanem AM, 1995. The effect of some medicinal plant extracts on wound healing in farm animals. Assiut Veterinary Medical Journal, 32(64):236-244; 18 ref.

Amadeo JJ, 1987. Control of annual weeds and volunteer white clover in Lotus seed crops. Newsletter, International Herbage Seed Production Research Group, No.10:8-9

Andersson L; Milberg P; Noronha +, 1997. Germination response of weed seeds to light, light of short duration and darkness after stratification in soil. Swedish Journal of Agricultural Research, 27(3):113-120; 39 ref.

Barralis G, 1977. Distribution and density of the principal weeds in France. Repartition et densite des principales mauvaises herbes en France. Centre National de Recherches Agronomiques. Versailles, France, 22 pp.

Borowiec S, 1990. Changes in the frequency of occurrence of various weed species in northwestern Poland. Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Rolnicizej w Szczecinie, Rolnictwo, 48:9-18

Bosch J, 1987. The influence of some dominant weeds on beneficial and pest arthropods in a sugarbeet field. Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz, 94(4):398-408

Brenchley WE, 1920. Weeds of Farm Land. London, UK: Longmans, Green and Co.

Carle R; Seidel F; Franz C, 1991. Investigation into seed germination of Chamomilla recutita (L.) Rauschert. Angewandte Botanik, 65(1-2):1-8; 14 ref.

Chancellor RJ, 1964. The depth of weed seed germination in the field. Proceedings of the 7th British Weed Control Conference, 2:607-613.

Chancellor RJ, 1986. Decline of arable weed seeds during 20 years in soil under grass and the periodicity of seedling emergence after cultivation. Journal of Applied Ecology, 23(2):631-637.

Clapham AR; Tutin TG; Moore DM, 1987. Flora of the British Isles. Third edition. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Csizinszky AA; Civerolo EL; Jones JB, 1993. Inactivation of Xanthomonas campestris pvs. in vitro with plant extracts. Acta Horticulturae, 331:301-305

Das M; Mallavarapu GR; Kumar S, 1998. Chamomile (Chamomilla recutita): Economic botany, biology, chemistry, domestication and cultivation. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 20:1074-1109.

Dostßlek J, 1996. Application of the algorithm of the deductive method of syntaxonomic classification on an example of trampled communities in the Biosphere Reserve Krivoklßtsko (Central Bohemia). Feddes Repertorium, 107(1/2):103-133; 19 ref.

Dwijendra Singh; Sucheta Mehta, 1998. Screening of plant materials for repellent and insecticidal properties against pulse beetle (Callosobruchus chinensis) and housefly (Musca domestica). Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 20(2):397-400; 9 ref.

Efthimiadis P; Skorda E; Avgoulas C, 1986. The new herbicide CGA 131'036 (Logran) for cereals in Greece. Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen, Rijksuniversiteit Gent, 51(2a):379-386

El-Bagoury ME; Monen FM, 1989. Two new species of the genera Metatydpolus and Tydeus from Egypt (Acari: Tydeidae). Acarologia, 30(2):119-122

Fraga P, 1998. Floristic notes from the Balearic Islands (XI). Bolleti^acute~n de la Societat d'Histo^grave~ria Natural de les Balears, 41:81-86; 24 ref.

Frankton C; Mulligan GA, 1970. Weeds of Canada. Canadian Department of Agriculture Publication 948. Ottawa, Canada: The Queen's Printer.

Hanf M, 1983. The arable weeds of Europe with their seedlings and seeds. Hadleigh, UK: BASF.

Harborne JB; Baxter H; Moss GP; eds, 1999. Phytochemical Dictionary. 2nd edn. London, UK: Taylor & Francis Ltd.

Hartmann KM; Nezadal W, 1990. Photocontrol of weeds without herbicides. Naturwissenschaften, 77(4):158-163

Holm LG; Doll J; Holm E; Pancho JV; Herberger JP, 1997. World Weeds: Natural Histories and Distribution. New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons Inc.

Holm LG; Pancho JV; Herberger JP; Plucknett DL, 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds. New York, USA: John Wiley and Sons, 391 pp.

Holzner W; Immonen R, 1982. Europe: an overview. In: Holzner W, Numata M, eds. Biology and Ecology of Weeds. The Hague, the Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk, 203-226

HSmet-Ahti L; Suominen J; Ulvinen T; Uotila P; eds, 1998. Petkeilykasvio (Field Flora of Finland), 4th edn. Botanical Museum, Helsinki, Finland: Finnish Museum of Natural History.

Ialongo M, 1980. Erysiphe cichoracearum (DC.) Merat on camomile (Chamomilla recutita (L.) Raus.) in Italy. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 19(2/3):141-142

Ignatowicz S; Gersz M, 1997. Extracts of medical herbs as repellents and attractants for the dry bean weevil, Acanthoscelides obtectus Say (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne, 66(1/2):151-159; 27 ref.

Kang BH; Kwon YW; Lee HK, 1996. Current status and problem of exotic weeds in Korea. Import and export of agricultural products and plant quarantine. '96 International Symposium, Seoul, Korea Republic, 19 May 1996., 101-128; 30 ref.

Kleine W, 1956. Investigation of the minimum temperature for germination of agricultural weeds. Zeitschrift für Acker und Pflanzenbau, 101:395-430.

Mann C; Staba EJ, 1986. The chemistry, pharmacology and commercial formulations of chamomile. Herbs, Spices and Medicinal Plants, Vol. 1:235-280.

Matthews LJ, 1982. Pasture weeds of New Zealand. In: Biology and Ecology of Weeds. The Hague, Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk, 387-394

McClay A; Clerck-Floate Rde, 1999. Establishment and early effects of Omphalapion hookeri (Kirby) (Coleoptera: Apionidae) as a biological control agent for scentless chamomile, Matricaria perforata Mérat (Asteraceae). Biological Control, 14(2):85-95; 14 ref.

Momen FM; El-Bagoury ME, 1989. Five new species of scutacarid mites (Acari: Tarsonemina) from Egypt. Acarologia, 30(1):41-50

Nagy F; Tetenyi P, 1986. Modern and well integrated techniques for protecting some medicinal plants grown in Hungary. Parasitica, 42(1):17-24

Novak D, 1984. Insecticidal activity of medicinal plants. Nase Liecive Rastliny, 21(6):168-169.

Pérez MB, 1991. Sequence of weed emergence. Proceedings of the 12th Argentine meeting on weeds and their control, Mar del Plata, Argentina, 9-11 October 1991., Vol. 1:27-30; 6 ref.

Perring FH; Walters SM; eds, 1962. Atlas of the British Flora: Botanical Society of the British Isles.

Popova E; Peneva P, 1987. Morphological variation in chamomile (Matricaria recutita L.). II. Discriminant analysis. Genetika i Selektsiya, 20(4):319-326

Ramson A; Arlt K; Erfurth P; Hansel M; Herold H; Paul U; Sachs E, 1982. The occurrence of the most important pests in plant production in the German Democratic Republic in 1981 with conclusions for further work in plant protection. Nachrichtenblatt fur den Pflanzenschutz in der DDR, 36(4):65-85

Rezk HA; Gadelhak GG, 1997. Impact of four plant oil-extracts on the control of the parasitic mite, Varroa jacobsoni Oudemans (Acari: Mesostigmata). Alexandria Journal of Agricultural Research, 42(3):105-113; 23 ref.

Roberts HA; Feast PM, 1974. Observations on the time of flowering in mayweeds. Journal of Applied Ecology, 11:223-229.

Roberts HA; Neilson JE, 1981. Seed survival and periodicity of seedling emergence in twelve weedy species of Compositae. Annals of Applied Biology, 97(3):325-334

Ruppert V, 1988. Attractiveness and significance of selected flowers for beneficial insects. Mitteilungen aus der Biologischen Bundesanstalt fur Land- und Forstwirtschaft Berlin-Dahlem, No. 245:212

Rusch R, 1965. Morphological differences between species of the genera anthemis and Matricaria (mayweeds) at the rosette stage. Weed Research, 5:68-74.

Schmid A, 1992. Investigations on the attractiveness of agricultural weeds to aphidophagous ladybirds (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae). Agrarokologie, 5:122 pp.

SchSufele WR; Bischoff D; Bnttner G, 1997. Studies on beet soil - part 2: weed seed in special samples. Zuckerindustrie, 122(2):118-122; 18 ref.

Shaltout KH; Post BJ, 1993. Effect of fertilizer application on diversity and production of weeds in crop-less fields. Qatar University Science Journal, 13(2):247-252

Stace C, 1997. New Flora of the British Isles. 2nd edition. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Stanev S; Zheljazkov V; Janculoff Y; Pank F, 1996. Variation of chemical compounds in the essential oil from some native forms of chamomile (Chamomilla recutita L.). Proceedings International Symposium, Breeding research on medicinal and aromatic plants, Quedlingburg, Germany: 214-217.

Thompson K; Bakker JP; Bekker RM, 1997. The soil seed banks of north west Europe: methodology, density and longevity. New York, USA: Cambridge University Press, 276 pp.

Tomczyk A; Szymanska M, 1995. Possibility of reducing spider mite populations by spraying with selected plant extracts. Materiay Sesji Instytutu Ochrony Ros^acute~lin, 35(2):125-128; 4 ref.

Tucakov J, 1957. The areas and exploitation of the Matricaria chamomillain Yugoslovai. Materiae Vegetabilis, 2:161-173.

Tutin TG; Heywood VH; Burges WA; Moore DM; Valentine DH; Walters SM; Webb DA, eds. , 1976. Flora Europaea, Vol. 4. London, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Uphof JC Th, 1968. Dictionary of Economic Plants, 2nd edn. New York, USA: Verlaag Von J Kramer.

Wagenvoort WA; Opstal NAvan, 1979. The effect of constant and alternating temperatures, rinsing, stratification and fertilizer on germination of some weed species. Scientia Horticulturae, 10(1):15-20

Walker JT, 1995. Garden herbs as hosts for southern rootknot nematode [Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White) Chitwood, race 3]. HortScience, 30(2):292-293; 18 ref.

Yatskrevych; Turner, 1990. Catalogue of the Flora of Missouri. Monographs in Systematic Botany 37. Missouri, USA: The Missouri Botanical Garden.

Distribution References

Amadeo J J, 1987. Control of annual weeds and volunteer white clover in Lotus seed crops. Newsletter, International Herbage Seed Production Research Group. 8-9.

Barralis G, 1977. Distribution and density of the principal weeds in France. (Repartition et densite des principales mauvaises herbes en France.). In: Repartition et densite des principales mauvaises herbes en France. Versailles, France: Centre National de Recherches Agronomiques. 22 pp.

Borowiec S, 1990. Changes in the frequency of occurrence of various weed species in northwestern Poland. (Zmiany w nasileniu występowania niektórych gatunków chwastów w połlnocno-zachodniej Polsce.). Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Rolnicizej w Szczecinie, Rolnictwo. 9-18.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Chatzivassiliou E K, Boubourakas I, Drossos E, Eleftherohorinos I, Jenser G, Peters D, Katis N I, 2001. Weeds in greenhouses and tobacco fields are differentially infected by Tomato spotted wilt virus and infested by its vector species. Plant Disease. 85 (1), 40-46. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2001.85.1.40

Clapham A R, Tutin T G, Moore D M, 1987. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. xxviii + 688 pp.

Efthimiadis P, Skorda E, Avgoulas C, 1986. The new herbicide CGA 131'036 (Logran) for cereals in Greece. In: Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen, Rijksuniversiteit Gent, 51 (2a) 379-386.

Fazal Hadi, Muhammad Ibrar, 2015. Ecology of weeds in wheat crops of Kalash valley, district Chitral, Hindukush Range, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research. 21 (3), 425-433. http://www.wssp.org.pk/vol-21-3-2015/11.%20PJWSR-06-2015.pdf

Fraga P, 1998. Floristic notes from the Balearic Islands (XI). (Notes florístiques de les Illes Balears (XI).). Bolletín de la Societat d'Història Natural de les Balears. 81-86.

Frankton C, Mulligan GA, 1970. Weeds of Canada. In: Canadian Department of Agriculture Publication 948, Ottawa, Canada: The Queen's Printer.

Hanf M, 1983. The arable weeds of Europe with their seedlings and seeds. Hadleigh, Suffolk, UK: BASF. 494pp.

Holm L, Doll J, Holm E, Pancho J, Herberger J, 1997. World weeds: natural histories and distribution. New York, USA: John Wiley and Sons. xv + 1129 pp.

Holm L, Pancho J V, Herberger J P, Plucknett D L, 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds. New York, Chichester (), Brisbane, Toronto, UK: John Wiley and Sons. xlix + 391 pp.

Holzner W, Immonen R, 1982. Europe: an overview. In: Biology and ecology of weeds [Holzner, W. and Numata, M. (Editors)], The Hague, Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk. 203-226.

Kang B H, Kwon Y W, Lee H K, 1996. Current status and problem of exotic weeds in Korea. In: Import and export of agricultural products and plant quarantine. '96 International Symposium, Seoul, Korea Republic, 19 May 1996. [Import and export of agricultural products and plant quarantine. '96 International Symposium, Seoul, Korea Republic, 19 May 1996.], Suwon, Korea: Seoul National University, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. 101-128.

Kozłowska-Makulska A, Wejman M, Szyndel M S, 2007. Weeds as natural hosts of beet poleroviruses. Phytopathologia Polonica. 53-56. http://www.au.poznan.pl/ptfit

Marić I, Marčić D, Petanović R, Auger P, 2018. Biodiversity of spider mites (Acari: Tetranychidae) in Serbia: a review, new records and key to all known species. Acarologia. 58 (1), 3-14. http://www1.montpellier.inra.fr/CBGP/acarologia/article.php?id=4223

Matthews L J, 1982. Pasture weeds of New Zealand. In: Biology and ecology of weeds [Holzner, W. and Numata, M. (Editors)]. The Hague, Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk. 387-394.

Moskova T, Dimitrov G, Tityanov M, 2018. Distribution and degree of weed growth of amaranth and other weeds in sunflower crops in Plovdiv and Stara Zagora regions. Journal of Mountain Agriculture on the Balkans. 21 (1), 158-168. http://www.rimsa.eu/images/forage_production_vol_21-1_part_2_2018.pdf

Park M J, Choi Y J, Han J G, Shin H D, 2010. First report in Korea of powdery mildew of Matricaria chamomilla caused by Golovinomyces cichoracearum. Plant Pathology. 59 (4), 801. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2010.02267.x

Ramson A, Arlt K, Erfurth P, Hansel M, Herold H, Paul U, Sachs E, 1982. Nachrichtenblatt fur den Pflanzenschutz in der DDR. 36 (4) 65-85.

Shah S M, Asad Ullah, Fazal Hadi, 2014. Ecological characteristics of weed flora in the wheat crop of Mastuj valley, district Chitral, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research. 20 (4), 479-487. http://www.wssp.org.pk/vol-20-4-2014/6.%20PJWSR-22-2014.pdf

Shahraeen N, Ghotbi T, Mehraban A H, 2002. Occurrence of Impatiens necrotic spot virus in ornamentals in Mahallat and Tehran provinces in Iran. Plant Disease. 86 (6), 694. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2002.86.6.694A

Shaltout K H, Post B J, 1993. Effect of fertilizer application on diversity and production of weeds in crop-less fields. Qatar University Science Journal. 13 (2), 247-252.

Stace C, 1997. New flora of the British Isles. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. xxvii + 1130 pp.

Stanev S, Zheljazkov V, Janculoff Y, 1996. Variation of chemical compounds in the essential oil from some native forms of chamomile (Chamomilla recutita L.). In: Beiträge zur Züchtungsforschung - Bundesanstalt für Züchtungsforschung an Kulturpflanzen [Proceedings. International symposium. Breeding research on medicinal and aromatic plants, Quedlinburg, Germany. 30 June-4 July, 1996,.], 2 (1) [ed. by Pank F]. 214-217.

Stojanović D S, Pavlović D S, Starović S M, Stević R T, Jošić L D, 2012. First record of powdery mildew on camomile in Serbia. In: Proceedings of the Seventh Conference on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of Southeast European Countries, (Proceedings of the 7th CMAPSEEC), Subotica, Serbia, 27-31 May, 2012 [Proceedings of the Seventh Conference on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of Southeast European Countries, (Proceedings of the 7th CMAPSEEC), Subotica, Serbia, 27-31 May, 2012.], [ed. by Stevanović Z D, Radanović D]. Belgrade, Serbia: Institute for Medicinal Plant Research and Association for Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of Southeast European Countries (AMAPSEEC). 370-373.

UPHOF J C T, 1968. Dictionary of economic plants. Dictionary of economic plants. 591 pp.

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