Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Manihot esculenta
(cassava)

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Datasheet

Manihot esculenta (cassava)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Manihot esculenta
  • Preferred Common Name
  • cassava
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Flour/starch
  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Spices and culinary herbs
  • Vegetable

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
TitleM. esculenta - colour illustration
Caption
Copyright©Wilhelm Valder
M. esculenta - colour illustration©Wilhelm Valder

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Manihot esculenta Crantz

Preferred Common Name

  • cassava

Other Scientific Names

  • Manihot utilissima Pohl

International Common Names

  • English: Brazilian arrowroot; tapioca
  • Spanish: guacamote; mandioca; yuca
  • French: manioc

Local Common Names

  • Cambodia: dâmlông chhë
  • Germany: Cassavastrauch; Maniokstrauch; Tapiokapflanze
  • Indonesia: ketela pohon; singkong; ubi kayu
  • Italy: Iucca; manioca
  • Laos: man tônz
  • Malaysia: ubi belanda; ubi benggala
  • Myanmar: palaw-pinan-u-pin
  • Netherlands: cassaveplant; maniok
  • Philippines: balangay; kamoting-kahov; kasaba
  • Sweden: maniok
  • Thailand: man-mai; man-sampalang; man-samrong
  • Vietnam: sawsn khoai mif

EPPO code

  • MANES (Manihot esculenta)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Euphorbiales
  •                         Family: Euphorbiaceae
  •                             Genus: Manihot
  •                                 Species: Manihot esculenta

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Acromyrmex octospinosus (leaf cutting ant); African cassava mosaic virus (African cassava mosaic); Ageratum conyzoides (billy goat weed); Agrotis ipsilon (black cutworm); Aleurodicus dispersus (whitefly); Aleurotrachelus socialis; Alternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed); Amblypelta cocophaga (coconut bug); Amblypelta lutescens (banana spotting bug); Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed); Anastrepha manihoti (cassava fruit fly); Anomala antiqua (groundnut chafer); Anomala viridis; Aonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale); Araecerus fasciculatus (cocoa weevil); Armillaria heimii (armillaria root rot); Atta (leaf-cutter ant); Atta cephalotes (leaf cutting ant); Atta sexdens (leaf cutting ant); Bemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly); Bemisia tuberculata; Boerhavia diffusa (red spiderling); Borreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed); Botryodiplodia manihoticola; Cadra cautella (dried currant moth); Cassava brown streak viruses (cassava brown streak disease); Cassava common mosaic virus (cassava mosaic); Cassava frog's skin agent (frogskin of cassava); Cassava green mottle virus; Cassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic); Cassava mosaic Madagascar virus; Cassava vein mosaic virus (cassava leaf vein mosaic virus); Cassava virus X; cassava witches' broom (witches' broom mycoplasma of cassava); Ceratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight); Cercospora vicosae; Ceroplastes cirripediformis (barnacle scale); Chilomima clarkei; Chilozela trapeziana (cassava budworm); Choanephora cucurbitarum (Choanephora fruit rot); Chrysobothris megacephala; Coccus viridis (soft green scale); Coelosternus alternans (cassava stem weevil); Coelosternus sulcatulus (cassava stem weevil); Commelina benghalensis (wandering jew); Conocephalus cinereus (longhorned green pasture grasshopper); Conyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane); Coptotermes (termites); Coptotermes curvignathus (rubber termite); Corcyra cephalonica (rice meal moth); Corynothrips stenopterus (cassava thrips); Corythaica carinata; Corythuca gossypii (cotton lacebug); Criconemella (ring nematode); Cryptocephalus tristiculus; Cyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed); Cyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge); Cyrtomenus bergi (cassava root bug); Datura stramonium (jimsonweed); Dendrothripoides innoxius (sweet potato thrips); Diaporthe manihotis (cassava leaf spot); Diaprepes abbreviatus (citrus weevil); Digitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass); Dihammus rusticator; Drymaria cordata (tropical chickweed); Dysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug); East African cassava mosaic virus; Echinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass); Ecyrus hirtipes; Edessa meditabunda (green and brown stink bug); Elsinoë brasiliensis (superelongation disease of cassava); Emilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower); Emilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower); Erinnyis ello (cassava hornworm (USA)); Erythroneura cassavae (cassava leafhopper); Eumeta variegata; Euphorbia hirta (garden spurge); Eutropidacris cristata (giant locust); Feltia subterranea (granulate cutworm); Ferrisia virgata (striped mealybug); Frankliniella melanommatus; Glomerella cingulata (anthracnose); Guignardia manihotis; Haematonectria haematococca (dry rot of potato); Haritalodes derogata (cotton leaf roller); Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode); Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips); Heliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope); Heterotermes convexinotatus; Iatrophobia braziliensis (cassava leaf-gall midge); Indian cassava mosaic virus (Indian cassava mosaic); Jacobiasca formosana; Lagocheirus araneiformis; Lagocheirus obsoletus; Lasioderma serricorne (cigarette beetle); Leptoglossus gonagra (squash bug); Leucopholis rorida (white grub); Lophocateres pusillus (nicaraguan grain beetle); Macrophomina phaseolina (charcoal rot of bean/tobacco); Melinis repens (natal redtop); Mikania micrantha (bitter vine); Momordica charantia (bitter gourd); Monilia carbonaria; Monolepta bifasciata; Mononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite); Mycosphaerella henningsii (brown leaf spot of cassava); Neosilba nigrocaerula; Neosilba pendula (cassava shoot fly); Nipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug); Oidium manihotis; Oligonychus gossypii; Oligonychus peruvianus; Oligonychus pratensis (spider mite); Orphulella punctata; Oxalis latifolia (sorrel); Paracoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug); Parasa lepida (nettle caterpillar); Parasaissetia nigra (pomegranate scale); Paspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass); Passalora manihotis (white leaf spot of cassava); Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum (bacterial root rot of sweet potato); Phenacoccus madeirensis (Madeira mealybug); Phenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug); Phobetron hipparchia (slug caterpillar moth); Phyllophaga hogardi; Phytophthora richardiae (root rot); Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale); Prepodes quadrivittatus (striped leaf weevil); Prostephanus truncatus (larger grain borer); Pseudotheraptus devastans (coreid bug); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Rosellinia bunodes (black root rot); Saissetia coffeae (hemispherical scale); Schistocerca cancellata; Schistocerca gregaria (desert locust); Schistocerca nitens (gray bird grasshopper); Sida acuta (sida); Silba chalybea (cassava shoot fly); Silba perezi (cassava shoot fly); Sinoxylon conigerum (conifer auger beetle); Sitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil); Sitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil); Spodoptera albula (Costa Rican armyworm); Spodoptera litura (taro caterpillar); Spodoptera ornithogalli (yellow striped armyworm); Stegobium paniceum (drugstore beetle); Sternocoelus tardipes (cassava weevil); Stictococcus vayssierei (cassava brown root scale); Synedrella nodiflora (synedrella); Systena s-littera; Tetranychus (red spiders); Tetranychus cinnabarinus (carmine spider mite); Tetranychus desertorum (desert spider mite); Tetranychus marianae; Tetranychus truncatus; Tetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite); Thanatephorus cucumeris (many names, depending on host); Tridax procumbens (coat buttons); Uromyces janiphae (rust on cassava); Uromyces manihotis (rust of cassava); Vatiga illudens (cassava lace-wing bug); Vatiga manihotae; Veronicella cubensis (Cuban slug); Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight); Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. poinsettiicola (bacterial leaf spot of poinsettia); Xanthomonas cassavae (cassava leaf spot); Zeuzera coffeae (coffee carpenter); Zonocerus elegans (elegant grasshopper); Zonocerus variegatus (variegated grasshopper)

Minor host of:

Acanthospermum australe (spiny-bur); Acanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur); Achaea catocaloides; Achatina fulica (giant African land snail); Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); Anastrepha striata (guava fruit fly); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Atherigona orientalis (pepper fruit fly); Bemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly); Bemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly); Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Cenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur); Cochliobolus lunatus (head mould of grasses, rice and sorghum); Cochliobolus setariae (millet blight); Colletotrichum theobromicola; Corchorus hirtus (Orinoco jute); Dactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass); Diabrotica balteata (banded cucumber beetle); Dinoderus minutus (bamboo borer); Dorysthenes buqueti (longhorn beetle); Eutetranychus orientalis (Citrus brown mite); Helicotylenchus erythrinae (spiral nematode); Helicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode); Helopeltis bergrothi (cacao-mosquito); Hemicriconemoides mangiferae; Imperata cylindrica (cogon grass); Lasiodiplodia theobromae (diplodia pod rot of cocoa); Lepidiota stigma (sugarcane white grub); Leucopholis coneophora (coconut white grub); Locusta migratoria (migratory locust); Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); Megymenum brevicorne; Melanitis leda ismene (rice butterfly); Meloidogyne enterolobii (Pacara earpod tree root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm); Metamasius hemipterus (West Indian cane weevil); Mimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant); Nezara viridula (green stink bug); Nomadacris septemfasciata (red locust); Oligonychus coffeae (tea red spider mite); Oxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel); Panonychus citri (citrus red mite); Pantoea agglomerans (bacterial grapevine blight); Phytophthora palmivora (coconut budrot); Planococcus citri (citrus mealybug); Pratylenchus brachyurus (root-lesion nematode); Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi (Jack Beardsley mealybug); Pseudococcus longispinus (long-tailed mealybug); Rattus exulans (Pacific rat); Rhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer); Rigidoporus microporus (white root disease of rubber); Rosellinia necatrix (dematophora root rot); Rottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass); Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode); Scirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips); Scutellonema bradys (yam nematode); Scutellonema clathricaudatum; Senna obtusifolia (sicklepod); Setaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail); Setaria pumila (yellow foxtail); Setaria verticillata (bristly foxtail); Solanum torvum (turkey berry); Sophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper); Soybean chlorotic blotch virus; Spodoptera eridania (southern armyworm); Thrips tabaci (onion thrips); Trialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly); Tribolium castaneum (red flour beetle); Tribolium confusum (confused flour beetle); Verticillium dahliae (verticillium wilt); West African Asystasia virus 1

Associated with (not a host):

Amblyseius limonicus; Epidinocarsis lopezi; Holobus minutus; Nodele mu; Penicillium aurantiogriseum (crown rot of asparagus)

Host of (source - data mining):

Alternaria tenuissima (nailhead spot of tomato); Anastrepha montei; Anastrepha pickeli; Aspergillus clavatus; Athelia rolfsii (sclerotium rot); Atta sexdens rubropilosa; Bemisia afer; Calonectria quinqueseptata (leaf spot of Hevea spp.); Cerotoma arcuata; Erinnyis alope (papaya hornworm); Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Mononychellus progresivus; Oligonychus biharensis; Oligonychus grypus (african sugarcane spidermite); Penicillium oxalicum (root rot: Sorghum spp.); Phenacoccus gossypii (mexican mealybug); Phenacoccus herreni; Phytophthora capsici (stem and fruit rot of Capsicum); Phytophthora drechsleri (watermelon fruit rot); Retithrips syriacus (black vine thrips); Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain); Tetranychus neocaledonicus (spider mite); Trialeurodes abutiloneus (whitefly, bandedwing); Trialeurodes variabilis (papaya whitefly); Xanthomonas campestris (black rot of crucifers)

Uses List

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Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed

Human food and beverage

  • Flour/starch
  • Spices and culinary herbs
  • Vegetable