Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Malacosoma neustria
(common lackey)

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Datasheet

Malacosoma neustria (common lackey)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Malacosoma neustria
  • Preferred Common Name
  • common lackey
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
M. neustria adult: set specimen of the lackey moth (male).
TitleAdult
CaptionM. neustria adult: set specimen of the lackey moth (male).
Copyright©A.R. Pittaway
M. neustria adult: set specimen of the lackey moth (male).
AdultM. neustria adult: set specimen of the lackey moth (male).©A.R. Pittaway

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Malacosoma neustria (Linnaeus, 1758)

Preferred Common Name

  • common lackey

Other Scientific Names

  • Bombyx neustria Linnaeus, 1758
  • Clisiocampa neustria (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Gastropacha neustria (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Lasiocampa neustria (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Malacosoma flavescens Grünberg, 1912
  • Malacosoma mauginii Turati, 1924
  • Malacosoma neustrium (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Phalaena (Bombyx) neustria Linnaeus, 1758
  • Phalaena neustria Linnaeus, 1758
  • Trichoclia neustria (Linnaeus, 1758)

International Common Names

  • English: common province rose; European lackey moth; lackey; lackey caterpillar; lackey moth, common; lackey moth, European; Motschulsky tent caterpillar; tent caterpillar
  • Spanish: bómbix neustriano; falena bata de noche; lagarta de la encina; lagarta rayada; lobito y oruga de librea; mariposa de neustria; oruga de librea; oruga galoneada; oruga grande del almendro
  • French: bombyce livrée; bombyx à bagues; bombyx à livrée; bombyx neustrien; livrée des abres; livrée, la

Local Common Names

  • China: tianmu mao chong
  • Czechoslovakia (former): bourovec prstýncitý
  • Denmark: ringspinder
  • Finland: tarharengaskehrööjö
  • Germany: Gabelraupe; Gemeiner Ringelspinner; Livreeraupe; Obstain-Ringelspinner; Ringelfalter; Ringelfuss; Ringelraupe; Ringelspinner; Ringelvogel; Stammringelvogel; Weissbuchenspinner; Zwetschgenspinner
  • Hungary: gyürüs pohók; gyürüs szövölepke; gyürüsszövö; libériás hernyó
  • Italy: bombice gallonato; campe del mandorlo; gallonata
  • Japan: ume-kemusi
  • Netherlands: Ringelrups; Ringelvlinder; Ringspinner
  • Russian Federation: kokonopyad kol'chatyi
  • Sweden: ringspinnare
  • Turkey: halka yuzuk kelebegi

EPPO code

  • MALANE (Malacosoma neustria)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Lasiocampidae
  •                             Genus: Malacosoma
  •                                 Species: Malacosoma neustria

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Asia

ArmeniaPresentDavytan et al. (1986)
ChinaPresentEfetov and Budashkin (1990)
-JilinPresentLou (1988)
-LiaoningPresentHu and Li (1977); Lou (1988)
GeorgiaPresentAleksidze and Bezhanishvili (1974)
JapanPresentMiyata (1991)
-HokkaidoPresentShiga (1981)
-HonshuPresentShiga (1981)
South KoreaPresentEfetov and Budashkin (1990)
SyriaPresentTalhouk (1977)
TurkeyPresentBulut (1994); Karsholt and Razowski (1996)

Europe

AlbaniaPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
AustriaPresentFischer-Colbrie (1984); Karsholt and Razowski (1996)
BelgiumPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
BulgariaPresentZanati (1978); Karsholt and Razowski (1996)
CzechoslovakiaPresentKomárek and Tykac (1952); Karsholt and Razowski (1996)
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
DenmarkPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
EstoniaPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
FinlandPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
FrancePresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
-CorsicaPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
GermanyPresentForster and Wohlfahrt (1960); Sauer (1986); Karsholt and Razowski (1996)
GreecePresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
-CretePresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
HungaryPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
IrelandPresent, WidespreadSouth (1961)
ItalyPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
-SardiniaPresentMagnoler (1985); Karsholt and Razowski (1996)
-SicilyPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Liotta and Maniglia, 1994
LatviaPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
LithuaniaPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
LuxembourgPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
MaltaPresentValetta (1973)
NetherlandsPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
NorwayPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
PolandPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
PortugalPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
RomaniaPresentPopescu-Gorj (1964); Karsholt and Razowski (1996)
RussiaPresentEversmann (1844); Karsholt and Razowski (1996)
-Russian Far EastPresentShternbergs (1989)
SlovakiaPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
SpainPresentTemplado (1990); Karsholt and Razowski (1996); CABI (Undated)
SwedenPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
SwitzerlandPresent, WidespreadVorbrodt and Müller-Rutz (1911)
UkrainePresentEfetov and Budashkin (1990)
United KingdomPresent, WidespreadSouth (1961)

Growth Stages

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List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / external feeding
Leaves / webbing

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Anagrus atomus Parasite Eggs
Anastatus japonicus Parasite Eggs
Apanteles intercedens Parasite Larvae
Apechthis compunctor Parasite
Azotus celsus Parasite Eggs
Bacillus thuringiensis Pathogen Larvae USSR
Bacillus thuringiensis alesti Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis galleriae Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. dendrolimus Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis thuringiensis Pathogen Larvae
Baumhaueria goniaeformis Parasite Larvae
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen
Blepharipa pratensis Parasite Larvae
Blepharipa tibialis Parasite Larvae
Blondelia nigripes Parasite Larvae
Brachymeria lasus Parasite
Brachymeria tibialis Predator/parasite Pupae
Carcelia atricosta Parasite Larvae
Carcelia gnava Parasite Larvae
Carcelia laxifrons Parasite Larvae
Carcelia rasella Parasite Larvae
Compsilura concinnata Parasite Larvae
Cotesia juniperatae Parasite Larvae
Cytoplasmic polyhedrosis virus (CPV) Pathogen Larvae
cytoplasmic polyhedrosis viruses Pathogen Larvae
Dolichogenidea laevigata Parasite Larvae
Drino imberbis Parasite Larvae
Drino inconspicua Parasite Larvae
Endromopoda detrita Parasite Pupae
Euceros superbus Parasite
Exorista japonica Parasite Larvae
Exorista larvarum Parasite Larvae
Exorista segregata Parasite Kara and Alaoglu, 2001
Goniocera versicolor Parasite Larvae
Gregopimpla inquisitor Parasite Pupae
Gregopimpla malacosomae Parasite
Huebneria affinis Parasite Larvae
Hyposoter tricoloripes Parasite
insect viruses
Itoplectis alternans Parasite
Itoplectis enslini Parasite
Itoplectis maculator Parasite Pupae
Lecanicillium lecanii Pathogen
Masicera sphingivora Parasite Larvae
Metarhizium anisopliae Pathogen
Meteorus versicolor Parasite Larvae
Nucleopolyhedrosis virus Pathogen Larvae
Ooencyrtus kuvanae Parasite Eggs
Ooencyrtus masii Parasite Eggs
Paecilomyces farinosus Pathogen
Pales pavida Parasite Larvae
Penicillium insectivorum Pathogen
Phaeogenes invisor Parasite
Phobocampe unicincta Parasite
Phorocera assimilis Parasite Larvae
Phryxe heraclei Parasite Larvae
Phryxe vulgaris Parasite Larvae
Pimpla contemplator Parasite
Pimpla hypochondriaca Parasite
Scambus brevicornis Parasite Pupae
Sturmia bella Parasite Larvae
Tachina lurida Parasite Larvae
Tachina praeceps Parasite Larvae
Telenomus laeviusculus Parasite
Telenomus phalaenarum Parasite
Thelaira nigripes Parasite Larvae
Thelymorpha marmorata Parasite Larvae
Theronia atalantae Parasite
Trichogramma buluti Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma dendrolimi Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma kilinceri Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma telengai Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma turkeiensis Parasite Eggs
Zenillia libatrix Parasite Larvae

References

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Aleksidze GN; Bezhanishvili TsD, 1974. Parasites of leaf-eating insects. Zashchita Rastenii, No.10:24-25

Alford DV, 1984. A Colour Atlas of Fruit Pests. Their Recognition, Biology and Control. London, UK: Wolfe Publishing Ltd, 320 pp.

Bachiller Bachiller P et al., 1981. Plagas de insectos en las masas forestales espa±olas. Madrid, Spain: Colección Técnica ICONA.

Bochev N, 1989. Bitoxybacillin in biological forest protection systems. Gorsko Stopanstvo, 45(5):12-13.

Bulut H, 1994. Investigations on the egg parasitoids of the lackey moth (Malacosoma neustria L.), their distribution and natural effectiveness. Bitki Koruma Bu^umlaut~lteni, 31(1-4):75-97; 23 ref.

Bulut H; Kilincer N, 1989. Investigations on species of Trichogramma spp. (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae), egg parasitoids of important lepidopterous pests of fruit trees and their distribution in Ankara. Bitki Koruma Bulteni, 29(1-2):19-46

Carter DJ, 1984. Pest Lepidoptera of Europe. Series Entomologica, Vol. 31. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Dr W Junk.

Davytan LT; Grigoryan EG; Burov VN, 1986. Controlling the leaf-feeding pest complex. Zashchita Rastenii, No. 9:35

Dobeneck A, 1899. Caterpillars of the Butterflies, Hawkmoths and Bombycids of the Central European Faunal Region. Stuttgart, Germany: Eugen Ulmer Verlag.

Döring E, 1955. Zur Morphologie der Schnetterlingseier. Berlin, Germany: Akademie-Verlag.

Efetov KA; Budashkin YuI, 1990. Macrolepidoptera of the Crimea. Simferopol, Russia: Tauria, 110 pp.

Eversmann E, 1844. Lepidopteran Fauna of the Volga-Urals Region. Kasani, Russia: Typis Universitatis.

Fischer-Colbrie P, 1984. Defoliation of deciduous trees - lepidopterous larvae as causal agents. Pflanzenarzt, 37(10):154-157

Forster W; Wohlfahrt TA, 1960. The Lepidoptera of Central Europe. Vol. 3. Stuttgart, Germany: Franckh'sche Verlagshandlung.

Freina JJ de; Witt TJ, 1987. The Bombycids and Sphingids of the Western Palaearctic. Vol. 1. Munich, Germany: Edition Forschung und Wissenschaft Verlag.

Harris M, 1766. The Aurelian: or, natural history of English insects; namely moths and butterflies.... London, UK: Privately published.

Herbulot C, 1971. Atlas des Lépidoptères de France, Belgique, Suisse, Italie du Nord. II Hétérocères. Paris, France: Boubeé.

Hu SJ; Li XH, 1977. Preliminary studies on a tachinid parasite of tent caterpillars. Acta Entomologica Sinica, 20(2):163-169

Jankevica L; Zarins I, 1997. Biological control of Malacosoma neustria L. population with Latvian isolate of nuclear polyhedrosis virus. Microbial insecticides: novelty or necessity? Proceedings of a Symposium held at the University of Warwick, Coventry, UK, 16-18 April 1997., 285-288; 7 ref.

Kara K; Alaoglu Ö, 2001. Some new host records of Tachinidae (Diptera) from Turkey. Studia Dipterologica, 8(1):349-351.

Karsholt O; Razowski J, 1996. The Lepidoptera of Europe: a distributional checklist. Stenstrup, Denmark: Apollo Books, 380 pp.

Komárek J; Tykac J, 1952. Atlas of Lepidoptera. Prague, Czechoslovakia: Melantrich.

Liotta G; Maniglia G, 1994. Variations in infestations of the almond tree in Sicily in the last fifty years. Acta Horticulturae, No. 373:277-285

Lou JX, 1988. Studies on parasitic wasps on the eggs of the tent caterpillar. Journal of Shenyang Agricultural University, 19(4):23-27

Magnoler A, 1985. Field evaluation of a baculovirus against the larvae of Malacosoma neustria L. in Sardinia. Difesa delle Piante, 8(2):329-337

Magnoler A; Cambini A, 1968. Radial increment of Quercus suber and effects of defoliations caused by the larvae of Lymantria dispar and Malacosoma neustria. I. Experiments on trees not subject to bark stripping. Memoria, Stazione Sperimentale del Sughero, 27:1-16.

Miyata T, 1991. Geographical variation in the shapes of 7th and 8th abdominal sternites of male of Malacosoma neustria testacea Motschulsky in Japan (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae). Bulletin of the Biogeographical Society of Japan, 46(15):125-131

Popescu-Gorj A, 1964. Catalogue of the Lepidoptera collection of "Prof. A. Ostrogovich" in the Natural History Museum "Grigore Antipa" Bucarest. Bucarest, Romania: Musée d'Histoire Naturelle "Gr. Antipa".

Roessingh P; Peterson SC; Fitzgerald TD, 1988. The sensory basis of trail following in some lepidopterous larvae: contact chemoreception. Physiological Entomology, 13(2):219-224

Sauer F, 1986. Identifying Native Moths via Colour Photos. 4th edn. Karlsfeld, Germany: Fauna Verlag.

Shiga M, 1981. Geographical variation in larval color pattern of Malacosoma neustria testacea Motschulsky in Japan (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae). Bulletin of the Fruit Tree Research Station, A, 8:121-143

Shternbergs MT, 1989. Aspects of biological regulation of plant pest numbers. Aspekty biologicheskoi regulyatsii chislennosti vreditelei rastenii., 168 + viii pp.; many ref.

South R, 1961. The Moths of the British Isles Vol. 1. 4th edn. London, UK: Frederick Warne & Co Ltd.

Stokoe WJ; Stovin GHT, 1958. The Caterpillars of British Moths Vol. 1. London, UK: Frederick Warne & Co. Ltd.

Talhouk AM, 1997. Insects' Role in the Environment; Diversity of Moths in Lebanon. Beirut, Lebanon: The Fares Foundation.

Talhouk AS, 1977. Contributions to the knowledge of almond pests in East Mediterranean countries. V. The fruit-feeding insects, Eurytoma amygdali End., and Anarsia lineatella Z. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie, 83(2):145-154

Templado J, 1990. Phenological data on defoliating lepidopterans of holm oak (Quercus ilex L.). SHILAP, Sociedad Hispano-Luso-Americanan de Lepidopterologia, 18(72):325-334

Valetta A, 1973. The Moths of the Maltese Islands. Valetta, Malta: Progress Press.

Vorbrodt K; Müller-Rutz J, 1911. Die Schmetterlinge der Schweiz. [The Lepidoptera of Switzerland.] Vol. 1. Bern, Switzerland: K. J. Wyss Verlag.

Wilson OS, 1880. The larvae of the British Lepidoptera and their food plants. London, UK: L. Reeve & Co.

Zanati EM, 1978. Promising egg parasites of Malacosoma neustria. Gorsko Stopanstvo, 34(4):39-43.

Özbek H; Çoruh S, 2012. Larval parasitoids and larval diseases of Malacosoma neustria L. (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae) detected in Erzurum Province, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 36(4):447-459. http://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/zoology/

Distribution References

Aleksidze G N, Bezhanishvili Ts D, 1974. Parasites of leaf-eating insects. Zashchita Rastenii. 24-25.

Anon, 1989. Aspekty biologicheskoĭ regulyatsii chislennosti vrediteleĭ rasteniĭ. [ed. by Shternbergs M T]. Riga, USSR: Zinatne. 168 + viii pp.

Bulut H, 1994. Investigations on the egg parasitoids of the lackey moth (Malacosoma neustria L.), their distribution and natural effectiveness. (Yüzük kelebeği (Malacosoma neustria L.)'nin yumurta parazitoidleri bulunduklari yerler ve doğal etkinlikleri üzerinde araștırmalar.). Bitki Koruma Bülteni. 31 (1-4), 75-97.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Davytan L T, Grigoryan E G, Burov V N, 1986. Controlling the leaf-feeding pest complex. Zashchita Rasteniĭ. 35.

Efetov K A, Budashkin Yu I, 1990. Babochki Kryma (bysshie raznousye chshuekrylye). Simferopol, Russia, Tavrija. 110 pp.

Eversmann E, 1844. Fauna Lepidopterologica Volgo-Uralensis. Kasani, Russia: Typis Universitatis. xiv + 633 pp.

Fischer-Colbrie P, 1984. Defoliation of deciduous trees - lepidopterous larvae as causal agents. (Kahlfrass an Laubgehölzen - Schmetterlingsraupen als Verursacher.). Pflanzenarzt. 37 (10), 154-157.

Forster W, Wohlfahrt TA, 1960. The Lepidoptera of Central Europe., 3 Stuttgart, Germany: Franckh'sche Verlagshandlung.

Hu S J, Li X H, 1977. Preliminary studies on a tachinid parasite of tent caterpillars. Acta Entomologica Sinica. 20 (2), 163-169.

Karsholt O, Razowski J, 1996. The Lepidoptera of Europe: a distributional checklist., Stenstrup, Denmark: Apollo Books. 380 pp.

Komárek J, Tykac J, 1952. Atlas Mótylu. Prague, Czechoslovakia: Melantrich.

Lou J X, 1988. Studies on parasitic wasps on the eggs of the tent caterpillar. Journal of Shenyang Agricultural University. 19 (4), 23-27.

Magnoler A, 1985. Field evaluation of a baculovirus against the larvae of Malacosoma neustria L. in Sardinia. (Valutazione in campo di un baculovirus contro le larve di Malacosoma neustria L. in Sardegna.). In: Difesa delle Piante, 8 (2) 329-337.

Miyata T, 1991. Geographical variation in the shapes of 7th and 8th abdominal sternites of male of Malacosoma neustria testacea Motschulsky in Japan (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae). Bulletin of the Biogeographical Society of Japan. 46 (15), 125-131.

Popescu-Gorj A, 1964. Catalogue of the Lepidoptera collection of "Prof. A. Ostrogovich" in the Natural History Museum "Grigore Antipa" Bucarest., Bucarest, Romania: Musée d'Histoire Naturelle "Gr. Antipa".

Sauer F, 1986. Identifying Native Moths via Colour Photos., Karlsfeld, Germany: Fauna Verlag.

Shiga M, 1981. Geographical variation in larval color pattern of Malacosoma neustria testacea Motschulsky in Japan (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae). Bulletin of the Fruit Tree Research Station, A. 121-143.

South R, 1961. The Moths of the British Isles., 1 (4th) London, UK: Frederick Warne & Co Ltd.

Talhouk A S, 1977. Contributions to the knowledge of almond pests in East Mediterranean countries. V. The fruit-feeding insects, Eurytoma amygdali End., and Anarsia lineatella Z. Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie. 83 (2), 145-154.

Templado J, 1990. Phenological data on defoliating lepidopterans of holm oak (Quercus ilex L.). (Datos fenológicos sobre lepidópteros defoliadores de la encina (Quercus ilex L.).). SHILAP, Sociedad Hispano-Luso-Americanan de Lepidopterología. 18 (72), 325-334.

Valetta A, 1973. The Moths of the Maltese Islands., Valetta, Malta: Progress Press.

Vorbrodt K, Müller-Rutz J, 1911. Die Schmetterlinge der Schweiz, Vol. 1. Bern, Switzerland: K. J. Wyss Verlag.

Zanati E M, 1978. Promising egg parasites of Malacosoma neustria. Gorsko Stopanstvo. 34 (4), 39-43.

Distribution Maps

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