Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Macrosteles quadrilineatus
(aster leafhopper)

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Datasheet

Macrosteles quadrilineatus (aster leafhopper)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Vector of Plant Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Macrosteles quadrilineatus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • aster leafhopper
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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TitleArtwork of M. quadrilineatus
Caption
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Artwork of M. quadrilineatusAAFC

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Macrosteles quadrilineatus (Forbes)

Preferred Common Name

  • aster leafhopper

Other Scientific Names

  • Cicadula quadrilineata
  • Cicadula quadrilineatus (Forbes)
  • Macrosteles wilburi

International Common Names

  • French: cicadelle de l'aster

EPPO code

  • MACTFS (Macrosteles quadrilineatus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hemiptera
  •                         Suborder: Auchenorrhyncha
  •                             Unknown: Cicadelloidea
  •                                 Family: Cicadellidae
  •                                     Genus: Macrosteles
  •                                         Species: Macrosteles quadrilineatus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Europe

IcelandPresentEndrestøl (2013)

North America

United StatesPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-KansasPresent, WidespreadCHIYKOWSKI and CHAPMAN (1965); Kwon (1988)
-KentuckyPresentHamilton (1983); Kwon (1988)
-LouisianaPresent, WidespreadCHIYKOWSKI and CHAPMAN (1965); Kwon (1988)
-MainePresentBeirne (1952)
-MarylandPresentBeirne (1952); Kwon (1988)
-MassachusettsPresentBeirne (1952); Kwon (1988)
-MichiganPresentHamilton (1983); Kwon (1988)
-MinnesotaPresentBeirne (1952); Kwon (1988)
-MississippiPresentBeirne (1952); Kwon (1988)
-MissouriPresent, WidespreadCHIYKOWSKI and CHAPMAN (1965); Kwon (1988)
-MontanaPresentBeirne (1952); Kwon (1988)
-NebraskaPresentBeirne (1952); Kwon (1988)
-NevadaPresentBeirne (1952)
-New HampshirePresentHamilton (1983)
-New JerseyPresentKwon (1988)
-New MexicoPresentBeirne (1952); Kwon (1988)
-New YorkPresentHamilton (1983); Kwon (1988)
-North CarolinaPresentHamilton (1983); Kwon (1988)
-North DakotaPresentBeirne (1952); Kwon (1988)
-OhioPresentHamilton (1983); Kwon (1988)
-OklahomaPresent, WidespreadCHIYKOWSKI and CHAPMAN (1965); Kwon (1988)
-OregonPresentBeirne (1952); Kwon (1988)
-PennsylvaniaPresentHamilton (1983); Kwon (1988)
-South CarolinaPresentHamilton (1983); Kwon (1988)
-South DakotaPresentBeirne (1952)
-TennesseePresentBeirne (1952)
-TexasPresentBeirne (1952); Kwon (1988)
-UtahPresentHamilton (1983); Kwon (1988)
-VermontPresentBeirne (1952)
-VirginiaPresentHamilton (1983); Kwon (1988)
-WashingtonPresentHamilton (1983); Kwon (1988)
-West VirginiaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: CNCI
-WisconsinPresentBeirne (1952); Kwon (1988)
-WyomingPresentBeirne (1952); Kwon (1988)

Growth Stages

Top of page Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / abnormal shape
Inflorescence / abnormal leaves (phyllody)
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / abnormal forms

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen
Pardosa ramulosa Predator Adults/Nymphs

References

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Alverson DR; All JN; Matthews RW, 1977. Response of leafhoppers and aphids to variously colored sticky traps. Journal of the Georgia Entomological Society, 12(4):336-341

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Baker KK; Perry SK; Mowry TM; Russo JF, 1983. Association of a mycoplasmalike organism with a disease of annual statice in Michigan. Plant Disease, 67(6):699-701

Banttari EE; Moore MB, 1962. Virus cause of Blue Dwarf of oats and its transmission to barley and flax. Phytopathology, 52:897-902.

Banttari EE; Orr PH; Preston DA, 1990. Purple top as a cause of potato chip discoloration. Transactions of the ASAE, 33(1):221-226

Banttari EE; Zeyen RJ, 1976. Multiplication of the oat blue dwarf virus in the aster leafhopper. Phytopathology, 66(7):896-900

Beanland L; Hoy CW; Miller SA; Nault LR, 2000. Influence of aster yellows phytoplasma on the fitness of aster leafhopper (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 93(2):271-276.

Beirne BP, 1952. The nearctic species of Macrosteles (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). The Canadian Entomologist, 84(7):208-232.

Black LM, 1941. Further evidence for multiplication of the aster-yellows virus in the aster leafhopper. Phytopathology, 31:120-135.

Borth WB; Hamasaki RT; Ogata D; Fukuda SK; Hu JS, 2002. First report of phytoplasmas infecting watercress in Hawaii. Plant Disease, 86(3):331.

Capinera JL, 2001. Handbook of vegetable pests. Handbook of vegetable pests, xiv + 729 pp.

Capinera JL; Walmsley MR, 1978. Visual responses of some sugarbeet insects to sticky traps and water pan traps of various colors. Journal of Economic Entomology, 71(6):926-927

Cardoso AM, 1974. Survey of the leafhoppers of Portugal. I. Agronomica Lusitana, 35(2):145-167

Chantarasa-ard S; Hirashima Y; Hirao J, 1984. Host range and host suitability of Anagrus incarnatus Haliday (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae), an egg parasitoid of delphacid planthoppers. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 19(4):491-497

Chapman RK, 1973. Integrated control of aster yellows. Proceedings North Central Branch of the Entomological Society of America, 28:71-92

Chiykowski LN, 1962a. Clover Phyllody virus in Canada and its transmission. Canadian Journal of Botany, 40:397-404.

Chiykowski LN, 1962b. Clover Phyllody and Strawberry Green Petal diseases, caused by the same virus in eastern Canada. Canadian Journal of Botany, 40:1615-1617.

Chiykowski LN, 1964. Current Canadian research on leafhoppers in relation to virus diseases. Extrait de Phytoprotection, 45:108-116.

Chiykowski LN, 1979. Athysanus argentarius, an introduced European leafhopper, as a vector of aster yellows in North America. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 1(1):37-41

Chiykowski LN; Chapman RK, 1965. Migration of the six-spotted leafhopper Macrosteles fascifrons (Stsl), Part 2. Migration of the six-spotted leafhopper in central North America. University of Wisconsin Research Bulletin, 261:22-45.

Dundore-Arias JP; Groves RL; Barak JD, 2015. Influence of prgH on the persistence of ingested Salmonella enterica in the leafhopper Macrosteles quadrilineatus. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 81(18):6345-6354. http://aem.asm.org/content/81/18/6345.abstract

Endrestøl A, 2013. Contribution to the Icelandic fauna of Auchenorrhyncha (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha & Cicadomorpha). Norwegian Journal of Entomology, 60(1):95-107. http://www.entomologi.no/journals/nje/nje.htm

Freytag PH, 1985. The insect parasites of leafhoppers, and related groups. The leafhoppers and planthoppers [edited by Nault, L.R.; Rodriguez, J.G.] New York, USA; John Wiley & Sons, 423-467

Frost KE; Esker PD; Haren Rvan; Kotolski L; Groves RL, 2013. Factors influencing aster leafhopper (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) abundance and aster yellows phytoplasma infectivity in Wisconsin carrot fields. Environmental Entomology, 42(3):477-490. http://esa.publisher.ingentaconnect.com/content/esa/envent/2013/00000042/00000003/art00010

Frost KE; Esker PD; Haren Rvan; Kotolski L; Groves RL, 2013. Seasonal patterns of aster leafhopper (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) abundance and aster yellows phytoplasma infectivity in Wisconsin carrot fields. Environmental Entomology, 42(3):491-502. http://esa.publisher.ingentaconnect.com/content/esa/envent/2013/00000042/00000003/art00011

Frost KE; Willis DK; Groves RL, 2011. Detection and variability of aster yellows phytoplasma titer in its insect vector, Macrosteles quadrilineatus (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 104(6):1800-1815. http://docserver.ingentaconnect.com/deliver/connect/esa/00220493/v104n6/s6.pdf?expires=1325831144&id=0000&titleid=10264&checksum=D62547713F16452977D0CF7B292DDEE6

Goodwin PH; Mahuku GS; Liu HongWei; Xue BG, 1999. Monitoring phytoplasma in populations of aster leafhoppers from lettuce fields using the polymerase chain reaction. Crop Protection, 18(2):91-99.

Hagel GT; Landis; BJ, 1967. Biology of the aster leafhoppper, Macrosteles fascifrons (Stsl), in eastern Washington, and some overwintering wources of aster yellows. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 60(3):591-595.

Hamilton KGA, 1983. Introduced and native leafhoppers common to the Old and New Worlds (Rhynchota: Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Canadian Entomologist, 115(5):473-511

Hamilton KGA; Langor DW, 1987. Leafhopper fauna of Newfoundland and Cape Breton Islands (Rhynchota: Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Canadian Entomologist, 119(7-8):663-695

Hervey GER; Schroeder WT, 1947. Life cycles of Macrosteles divisus in relation to carrot yellows in western New York. Journal of Economic Entomology, 40:505-508.

Kunkel LO, 1925. Insect transmission and host range of aster yellows. Science, 62:524.

Kunkel LO, 1928. Further studies on the host range of aster yellows. Phytopathology, 18:156.

Kunkel LO, 1931. Studies on aster yellows in some new host plants. Boyce Thompson Institute Contribution, 3:85-123.

Kuoh CL, 1983. The leafhoppers and planthoppers of rice in China. In: Knight WJ, Pant NC, Robertson TS, Wilson MR, ed. Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Biotaxonomy, Classification and Biology of Leafhoppers and Planthoppers (Auchenorrhyncha) of Economic Importance, London, 4-7 October 1982 Commonwealth Institute of Entomology London UK, 277-278

Kwon YJ, 1988. Taxonomic revision of the leafhopper genus Macrosteles Fieber of the world (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). PhD Thesis. Cardiff, UK: University of Wales.

Lee PE; Robinson AG, 1958. Studies on the 6-spotted leafhopper, Macrosteles fascifrons (Stsl) and aster yellows in Manitoba. Canadian Plant Science, 38:320-327.

McClanahan RJ, 1963. Food preferences of the six-spotted leafhopper, Macrosteles fascifrons (Stsl). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario, 93:90-92.

Metcalf ZP, 1967. General Catalogue of the Homoptera, fascicle VI. Cicadelloidea, part 10. Euscelidae. Washington, DC, USA: United States Department of Agriculture.

Metcalf ZP, 1967. General Catalogue of the Homoptera, fascicle VI. Cicadelloidea, part 10. Euscelidae. Washington, DC, USA: United States Department of Agriculture.

Miller LA; DeLyzer AJ, 1960. A progress report on studies of biology and ecology of the 6-spotted leafhopper, Macrosteles fascifrons (Stsl) in southwestern Ontario. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario, 90:7-13.

Miyahara K; Wakibe H; Matsuzaki M; Tanaka K, 1983. Studies on the influencing factors for occurrence of onion yellows caused by mycoplasma-like organisms and its control method. (VI). Seasonal fluctuation of the population of Macrosteles orientalis and its transmission rates of onion yellows [in Japan]. Proceedings of the Association for Plant Protection of Kyushu, 29:100-102

Nielson MW, 1968. The leaf-hopper vectors of phytopathogenic viruses (Homoptera: Cicadellidae); taxonomy, biology, and virus transmission. USDA Technical Bulletin 1382.

O'Hayer KW; Schultz GA; Eastman CE; Fletcher J; Goodman RM, 1983. Transmission of Spiroplasma citri by the aster leafhopper Macrosteles fascifrons (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Annals of Applied Biology, 102(2):311-318

Oldfield GN, 1987. Leafhopper vectors of the citrus stubborn disease spiroplasma. Proceedings of 2nd International Workshop on Leafhoppers and Planthoppers of Economic Importance. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, USA, 28th July-1st August 1986 [edited by Wilson, M.R.; Nault, L.R.] London, UK; CAB International Institute of Entomology, 151-159

Olivier CY; Lowery DT; Stobbs LW, 2009. Phytoplasma diseases and their relationships with insect and plant hosts in Canadian horticultural and field crops. Canadian Entomologist, 141(5):425-462. http://article.pubs.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/RPAS/rpv?hm=HInit&calyLang=eng&journal=ent&volume=141&afpf=n08-CPA02.pdf

Pruess KP; Saxena KML; Koinzan S, 1977. Quantitative estimation of alfalfa insect populations by removal sweeping. Environmental Entomology, 6(5):705-708

Purcell AH; Richardson J; Finlay A, 1981. Multiplication of the agent of X-disease in a non-vector leafhopper Macrosteles fascifrons. Annals of Applied Biology, 99(3):283-289

Ramirez-Martinez M; Ramos-Elorduy de Conconi J, 1978. Poblaciones de cigarritas (Homoptera-Cicadellidae) en doce variedades de papa en Chapingo, Mexico, y su posible relacion con la enfermedad de la `punta morada'. Agrociencia, 34:79-90.

Roux JJle; Rubinoff D, 2009. Molecular data reveals California as the potential source of an invasive leafhopper species, Macrosteles sp. nr. severini, transmitting the aster yellows phytoplasma in Hawaii. Annals of Applied Biology, 154(3):429-439. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/aab

Saillard C; Vignault JC; Bove JM; Raie A; Tully JG; Williamson DL; Fos A; Garnier M; Gadeau A; Carle P; Whitcomb RF, 1987. Spiroplasma phoeniceum sp. nov., a new plant-pathogenic species from Syria. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 37(2):106-115

Salehi M; Izadpanah K; Siampour M, 2007. Characterization of a phytoplasma associated with cabbage yellows in Iran. Plant Disease, 91(5):625-630. HTTP://www.apsnet.org

Severin HHP; Freytag JH, 1945. Additional ornamental flowering plants naturally infected with California aster-yellows. Hilgardia, 16:599-609.

Shiomi T; Sugiura M, 1983. Occurrence and host range of strawberry witches' broom in Japan. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 49(5):727-730

Shiomi T; Sugiura M, 1984. Difference among Macrosteles orientalis-transmitted MLO, potato purple-top wilt MLO in Japan and aster yellows MLO from USA. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 50(4):455-460

Soto-Arias JP; Groves R; Barak JD, 2013. Interaction of phytophagous insects with Salmonella enterica on plants and enhanced persistence of the pathogen with Macrosteles quadrilineatus infestation or Frankliniella occidentalis feeding. PLoS ONE, 8(10):e79404. http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0079404

Soto-Arias JP; Groves RL; Barak JD, 2014. Transmission and retention of Salmonella enterica by phytophagous hemipteran insects. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 80(17):5447-5456. http://aem.asm.org/content/80/17/5447.abstract

Szendrei Z, 2012. The impact of plant associations on Macrosteles quadrilineatus management in carrots. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 143(2):191-198. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1570-7458

Vilbaste J, 1980. On the Homoptera-Cicadinea of Kamchatka. Annales Zoologici, 35(24):367-418

Wallis RL, 1962. Host plant preference of six-spotted leafhopper. Journal of Economic Entomology, 55:998-999.

Wally O; Daayf F; Khadhair AH; Adam L; Elliott B; Shinners-Carnelley T; Iranpour M; Northover P; Keyworth S, 2004. Incidence and molecular detection of yellows-type disease in carrots, associated with leafhoppers in southern Manitoba, Canada. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 26(4):498-505. http://pubs.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/tcjpp/plant.html

Waloff N; Jervis MA, 1987. Communities of parasitoids associated with leafhoppers and planthoppers in Europe. Advances in Ecological Research, 17:281-402

Whitcomb RF; Tully JG; Bove JM; Saglio P, 1973. Spiroplasmas and acholeplasmas: multiplication in insects. Science, 182(4118):1251-1253

Wilde WHA, 1960. Insect transmission of the virus causing Little Cherry disease. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 40:707-712.

Zalom FG, 1981. The influence of reflective mulches and lettuce types on the incidence of aster yellows and abundance of its vector, Macrosteles fascifrons (Homoptera: Cicadellidae), in Minnesota. Great Lakes Entomologist, 14(3):145-150

Zhou LY; Hoy CW; Miller SA; Nault LR, 2003. Marking methods and field experiments to estimate aster leafhopper (Macrosteles quadrilineatus) dispersal rates. Environmental Entomology, 32(5):1177-1186.

Özdemi?r N, 2013. A review on aster yellows phytoplasma of vegetables. Ege Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, Special Issue, 2. 501-505.

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