Invasive Species Compendium

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Datasheet

Solanum lycopersicum
(tomato)

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Datasheet

Solanum lycopersicum (tomato)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 16 November 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Solanum lycopersicum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • tomato
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); habit. Large patch at Waikapu, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July, 2009.
TitleHabit
CaptionSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); habit. Large patch at Waikapu, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July, 2009.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr-2009 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); habit. Large patch at Waikapu, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July, 2009.
HabitSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); habit. Large patch at Waikapu, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July, 2009.©Forest & Kim Starr-2009 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); habit, amongst other vegetation. Moaulanui, Kahoolawe, Hawaii, USA. December, 2004.
TitleHabit
CaptionSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); habit, amongst other vegetation. Moaulanui, Kahoolawe, Hawaii, USA. December, 2004.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr-2004 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); habit, amongst other vegetation. Moaulanui, Kahoolawe, Hawaii, USA. December, 2004.
HabitSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); habit, amongst other vegetation. Moaulanui, Kahoolawe, Hawaii, USA. December, 2004.©Forest & Kim Starr-2004 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); flowers and leaves. Mokolea Pt, Kilauea Pt NWR, Kauai, Hawaii, USA. March, 2013.
TitleFlowers and leaves
CaptionSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); flowers and leaves. Mokolea Pt, Kilauea Pt NWR, Kauai, Hawaii, USA. March, 2013.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr-2013 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); flowers and leaves. Mokolea Pt, Kilauea Pt NWR, Kauai, Hawaii, USA. March, 2013.
Flowers and leavesSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); flowers and leaves. Mokolea Pt, Kilauea Pt NWR, Kauai, Hawaii, USA. March, 2013.©Forest & Kim Starr-2013 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); ripe and unripe fruits. Industrial area, Mokulele Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. August, 2009.
TitleFruits
CaptionSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); ripe and unripe fruits. Industrial area, Mokulele Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. August, 2009.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr-2009 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); ripe and unripe fruits. Industrial area, Mokulele Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. August, 2009.
FruitsSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); ripe and unripe fruits. Industrial area, Mokulele Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. August, 2009.©Forest & Kim Starr-2009 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); ripe fruits. Waihee Coastal Preserve, Maui, Hawaii, USA. May, 2012.
TitleRipe fruits
CaptionSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); ripe fruits. Waihee Coastal Preserve, Maui, Hawaii, USA. May, 2012.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr-2012 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); ripe fruits. Waihee Coastal Preserve, Maui, Hawaii, USA. May, 2012.
Ripe fruitsSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); ripe fruits. Waihee Coastal Preserve, Maui, Hawaii, USA. May, 2012.©Forest & Kim Starr-2012 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); seedlings. Sliding Sands Trail, Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2015.
TitleSeedlings
CaptionSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); seedlings. Sliding Sands Trail, Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2015.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr-2015 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); seedlings. Sliding Sands Trail, Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2015.
SeedlingsSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); seedlings. Sliding Sands Trail, Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2015.©Forest & Kim Starr-2015 - CC BY 3.0

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Solanum lycopersicum L.

Preferred Common Name

  • tomato

Variety

  • Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme (Dunal) D.M. Spooner, G.J. Anderson & R.K. Jansen
  • Solanum lycopersicum var. lycopersicum

Other Scientific Names

  • Lycopersicon esculentum Mill., nom. cons.
  • Lycopersicon esculentum var. cerasiforme
  • Lycopersicon esculentum var. esculentum

International Common Names

  • Spanish: jitomate; tomate; tomatera
  • French: tomate
  • Russian: tomat
  • Arabic: tamaatim
  • Chinese: fan qie
  • Portuguese: tomateiro

Local Common Names

  • Austria: paradeiser
  • Germany: Tomate, Wilde Kirsch-
  • Greece: tomata
  • Hungary: paradicsom
  • India: takkali; tamaatar; tameta
  • Italy: pomodoro
  • Netherlands: tomaat
  • Poland: pomidor zwyczajny
  • Turkey: domates

EPPO code

  • LYPEC (Lycopersicon esculentum var. cerasiforme)
  • LYPES (Lycopersicon esculentum)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Solanales
  •                         Family: Solanaceae
  •                             Genus: Solanum
  •                                 Species: Solanum lycopersicum

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 29 Apr 2022
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 800,000 MT (F)
AngolaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 14,000 MT (F)
BeninPresentTomatoes production (2008) 163,200 MT
BotswanaPresent
Burkina FasoPresentTomatoes production (2008) 11,000 MT (F)
Cabo VerdePresentTomatoes production (2008) 5,000 MT (F)
CameroonPresentTomatoes production (2008) 420,000 MT (F)
ComorosPresentTomatoes production (2008) 550 MT (F)
Congo, Republic of thePresentTomatoes production (2008) 3,200 MT (F)
Côte d'IvoirePresentTomatoes production (2008) 28,788 MT
DjiboutiPresentTomatoes production (2008) 1,200 MT (F)
EgyptPresentTomatoes production (2008) 4,204,039 MT
EritreaPresent
EswatiniPresentTomatoes production (2008) 3,400 MT (F)
EthiopiaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 41,815 MT (*)
GabonPresentTomatoes production (2008) 300 MT (F)
GhanaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 180,000 MT (F)
KenyaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 559,680 MT (F)
LiberiaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 1,500 MT (F)
MadagascarPresentTomatoes production (2008) 22,000 MT (F)
MalawiPresentTomatoes production (2008) 40,000 MT (F)
MaliPresentTomatoes production (2008) 175,000 MT (F)
MauritiusPresentTomatoes production (2008) 11,518 MT
-RodriguesPresent
MayottePresent
MoroccoPresentTomatoes production (2008) 1,312,310 MT
MozambiquePresentTomatoes production (2008) 8,500 MT (F)
NamibiaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 900 MT (F)
NigerPresentTomatoes production (2008) 89,823 MT
NigeriaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 1,701,000 MT
RéunionPresentTomatoes production (2008) 12,640 MT (*)
SenegalPresentTomatoes production (2008) 180,000 MT (F)
SeychellesPresentTomatoes production (2008) 190 MT (F)
Sierra LeonePresentTomatoes production (2008) 18,000 MT (F)
SomaliaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 16,000 MT (F)
South AfricaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 420,701 MT
SudanPresentTomatoes production (2008) 432,000 MT
TanzaniaPresent
TogoPresentTomatoes production (2008) 6,300 MT (F)
TunisiaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 1,170,000 MT
UgandaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 14,000 MT (F)
ZambiaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 25,000 MT (F)
ZimbabwePresentTomatoes production (2008) 11,500 MT (F)

Asia

ArmeniaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 293,784 MT
AzerbaijanPresentTomatoes production (2008) 438,419 MT
BahrainPresentTomatoes production (2008) 4,554 MT (F)
BangladeshPresentTomatoes production (2008) 143,058 MT (F)
BhutanPresentTomatoes production (2008) 951 MT (F)
BruneiPresentTomatoes production (2008) 98 MT (F)
CambodiaPresent
ChinaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 3,381,1702 MT (F)
-BeijingPresent
-FujianPresent
-HainanPresent
-HenanPresent
-HubeiPresent
-Inner MongoliaPresent
-JiangsuPresent
-JiangxiPresent
-LiaoningPresent
-NingxiaPresent
-ShandongPresent
-ShanghaiPresent
-SichuanPresent
-TibetPresent
-XinjiangPresent
-YunnanPresent
-ZhejiangPresent
IndiaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 1,026,0600 MT
-Andhra PradeshPresent
-AssamPresent
-DelhiPresent
-GujaratPresent
-HaryanaPresent
-Himachal PradeshPresent
-KarnatakaPresent
-KeralaPresent
-Madhya PradeshPresent
-MaharashtraPresent
-OdishaPresent
-PunjabPresent
-RajasthanPresent
-Tamil NaduPresent
-TelanganaPresent
-Uttar PradeshPresent
-West BengalPresent
IndonesiaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 689,420 MT
-JavaPresent
IranPresent
IraqPresentTomatoes production (2008) 830,000 MT (F)
IsraelPresentTomatoes production (2008) 420,524 MT
JapanPresentTomatoes production (2008) 750,300 MT (F)
-Ryukyu IslandsPresent
JordanPresentTomatoes production (2008) 600,336 MT
KazakhstanPresentTomatoes production (2008) 549,310 MT
KuwaitPresentTomatoes production (2008) 55,500 MT (F)
KyrgyzstanPresentTomatoes production (2008) 185,000 MT (*)
LaosPresent
LebanonPresentTomatoes production (2008) 305,300 MT (F)
MalaysiaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 75,850 MT
MaldivesPresentTomatoes production (2008) 5 MT
NepalPresent
North KoreaPresentIntroduced2009As: Lycopersicon esculentum
OmanPresentTomatoes production (2008) 41,426 MT (F)
PakistanPresentTomatoes production (2008) 536,217 MT
PhilippinesPresentTomatoes production (2008) 195,810 MT
QatarPresentTomatoes production (2008) 11,868 MT (F)
Saudi ArabiaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 477,572 MT (F)
SingaporePresentTomatoes production (2008) 32 MT (F)
South KoreaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 408,170 MT
Sri LankaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 84,700 MT
SyriaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 732,500 MT (F)
TaiwanPresentIntroduced1896As: Lycopersicon esculentum
TajikistanPresentTomatoes production (2008) 267,000 MT (*)
ThailandPresentTomatoes production (2008) 270,000 MT (F)
TurkeyPresentTomatoes production (2008) 1,098,5400 MT
TurkmenistanPresentTomatoes production (2008) 310,000 MT (*)
United Arab EmiratesPresentTomatoes production (2008) 215,000 MT (F)
UzbekistanPresentTomatoes production (2008) 1,930,000 MT (*)
VietnamPresent
YemenPresentTomatoes production (2008) 239,897 MT
-SocotraPresentIntroduced2003

Europe

AlbaniaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 164,000 MT
AustriaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 42,109 MT
BelarusPresentTomatoes production (2008) 274,139 MT
BelgiumPresentTomatoes production (2008) 200,000 MT (F)
Bosnia and HerzegovinaPresent
BulgariaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 134,131 MT
CroatiaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 27,900 MT (*)
CyprusPresentTomatoes production (2008) 33,178 MT
CzechiaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 27,899 MT
DenmarkPresentTomatoes production (2008) 20,000 MT (F)
EstoniaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 7,500 MT (F)
FinlandPresentTomatoes production (2008) 40,467 MT
FrancePresentTomatoes production (2008) 714,635 MT
-CorsicaPresentIntroduced1834As: Lycopersicon esculentum
GermanyPresentTomatoes production (2008) 65,096 MT
GreecePresentTomatoes production (2008) 1,338,600 MT
-CretePresent
HungaryPresentTomatoes production (2008) 206,000 MT
IcelandPresentTomatoes production (2008) 1,603 MT
IrelandPresentTomatoes production (2008) 12,000 MT (F)
ItalyPresentTomatoes production (2008) 5,976,912 MT
-SardiniaPresent
-SicilyPresent
LatviaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 41 MT
LithuaniaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 1,300 MT
LuxembourgPresentTomatoes production (2008) 85 MT
MaltaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 16,600 MT (F)
MoldovaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 83,802 MT
MontenegroPresent
NetherlandsPresentTomatoes production (2008) 720,000 MT
North MacedoniaPresent
NorwayPresentTomatoes production (2008) 14,126 MT
PolandPresentTomatoes production (2008) 702,546 MT
PortugalPresentTomatoes production (2008) 1,100,000 MT (F)
-AzoresPresentIntroduced1838As: Lycopersicon esculentum
RomaniaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 814,376 MT
RussiaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 1,800,000 MT (*)
SerbiaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 176,501 MT
SlovakiaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 56,585 MT
SloveniaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 4,704 MT
SpainPresentTomatoes production (2008) 3,847,800 MT
-Balearic IslandsPresent
-Canary IslandsPresentIntroducedAs: Lycopersicon esculentum. First reported: 1940's
SwedenPresentTomatoes production (2008) 16,200 MT
SwitzerlandPresentTomatoes production (2008) 30,630 MT (F)
UkrainePresentTomatoes production (2008) 1,492,100 MT
United KingdomPresentTomatoes production (2008) 88,690 MT
-EnglandPresent

North America

Antigua and BarbudaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 395 MT (F)
BahamasPresentTomatoes production (2008) 4,400 MT (F)
BarbadosPresentTomatoes production (2008) 1,150 MT (F)
BelizePresentTomatoes production (2008) 649 MT
BermudaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 115 MT (F)
CanadaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 770,059 MT
-British ColumbiaPresent
-OntarioPresent
-QuebecPresent
Cayman IslandsPresentTomatoes production (2008) 8 MT (F)
Costa RicaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 45,000 MT
CubaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 575,900 MT
DominicaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 250 MT (F)
Dominican RepublicPresentTomatoes production (2008) 243,012 MT
El SalvadorPresentTomatoes production (2008) 44,436 MT
GrenadaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 70 MT (F)
GuadeloupePresentTomatoes production (2008) 3,000 MT (F)
GuatemalaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 355,454 MT (F)
HaitiPresentTomatoes production (2008) 2,200 MT
HondurasPresentTomatoes production (2008) 155,000 MT (F)
JamaicaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 19,387 MT
MartiniquePresentTomatoes production (2008) 6,700 MT (F)
MexicoPresentTomatoes production (2008) 2,936,773 MT
MontserratPresentTomatoes production (2008) 100 MT (F)
NicaraguaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 7,300 MT (F)
PanamaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 18,600 MT
Puerto RicoPresentTomatoes production (2008) 18,800 MT (F)
Saint Kitts and NevisPresentTomatoes production (2008) 117 MT
Saint Pierre and MiquelonPresentTomatoes production (2008) 6 MT (F)
Trinidad and TobagoPresentTomatoes production (2008) 1,800 MT (F)
United StatesPresentTomatoes production (2008) 1,257,5900 MT
-AlabamaPresent
-AlaskaPresent
-ArizonaPresent
-CaliforniaPresent
-FloridaPresent
-GeorgiaPresent
-HawaiiPresentIntroduced1888As: Lycopersicon esculentum
-KentuckyPresent
-LouisianaPresent
-MainePresent
-MississippiPresent
-New JerseyPresent
-New MexicoPresent
-New YorkPresent
-North CarolinaPresent
-OhioPresent
-PennsylvaniaPresent
-South CarolinaPresent
-TennesseePresent
-TexasPresent
-VirginiaPresent
-WashingtonPresent
-WisconsinPresent

Oceania

American SamoaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 130 MT (F)
AustraliaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 296,035 MT (F)
-QueenslandPresent
-South AustraliaPresent
-Western AustraliaPresent
Cook IslandsPresentTomatoes production (2008) 700 MT (F)
Federated States of MicronesiaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 160 MT (A)
FijiPresentTomatoes production (2008) 2,800 MT (F)
French PolynesiaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 1,100 MT (F)
GuamPresentTomatoes production (2008) 160 MT (F)
New CaledoniaPresent
New ZealandPresentTomatoes production (2008) 110,000 MT (F)
-Kermadec IslandsPresentIntroduced1967As: Lycopersicon esculentum
NiuePresent
Papua New GuineaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 450 MT (F)
Solomon IslandsPresent
TongaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 450 MT (F)

South America

ArgentinaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 680,000 MT (F)
BoliviaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 124,328 MT (F)
BrazilPresentTomatoes production (2008) 3,934,275 MT
-BahiaPresent
-Distrito FederalPresent
-Espirito SantoPresent
-GoiasPresent
-Minas GeraisPresent
-PernambucoPresent
-Rio de JaneiroPresent
-Sao PauloPresent
ChilePresentTomatoes production (2008) 1,270,000 MT (F)
ColombiaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 490,929 MT
EcuadorPresentTomatoes production (2008) 50,552 MT
French GuianaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 3,700 MT (F)
GuyanaPresentTomatoes production (2008) 2,000 MT (F)
ParaguayPresentTomatoes production (2008) 88,500 MT (F)
PeruPresentTomatoes production (2008) 173,257 MT (F)
SurinamePresentTomatoes production (2008) 627 MT
UruguayPresentTomatoes production (2008) 39,780 MT
VenezuelaPresent

References

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APHIS-USDA, 2011. Federal Import Quarantine Order for Host Materials of Tomato Leafminer, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) https://www.aphis.usda.gov/import_export/plants/plant_imports/federal_order/downloads/2011/Tuta%20absoluta5-5-2011.pdf Plant Protection and Quarantine, APHIS-USDA, USA

Atherton JG, Rudich J(Editors), 1986. The tomato crop. London, UK; Chapman and Hall, 661 pp.

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Bauske EM, Zehnder GM, Sikora EJ, Kemble J, 1998. Southeastern tomato growers adopt integrated pest management. HortTechnology, 8(1):40-44; 9 ref.

Botanical Online, 2016. Toxicity of Tomatoes. Botanical Online SL http://www.botanical-online.com/tomato_toxicity.htm

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Kuo CG, Lai SH, 1979. Suggested cultural practices for tomato. International Cooperator's Guide. Shanhua, Tainan, Taiwan: Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center (AVRDC), 79-127.

Lester RN, 1991. Evolutionary relationships of tomato, potato and pepino, and wild species of Lycopersicon and Solanum. In: Solanaceae III: taxonomy, chemistry, evolution [ed. by Hawkes, J. G. \Lester, R. N. \Nee, M. \Estrada, N.]. Kew, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, 283-301.

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Olkowski W, Olkowski H, 1996. IPM for California processing tomatoes. IPM Practitioner, 18(4):1-13; 20 ref.

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Rodriguez JM, Rodriguez R, Florido A, Hernandez R, 1997. Integrated pest management on tomatoes in Gran Canaria (Canary Islands). In: Albajes R, Carnero A, eds. Integrated control in protected crops, Mediterranean climate. Proceedings of the meeting at Tenerife, Canary Islands, 3-6 November, 1997. Bulletin OILB/SROP, 20(4): 39-44.

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Uzma Bashir, Sobia Mushtaq, Naureen Akhtar, 2014. First report of Alternaria metachromatica from Pakistan causing leaf spot of tomato. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 51(2):305-308. http://pakjas.com.pk/papers/2277.pdf

Vaquera, S., Patriarca, A., Fernández Pinto, V., 2016. Influence of environmental parameters on mycotoxin production by Alternaria arborescens., International Journal of Food Microbiology, 219:44-49 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168160515301835

ÖztemIz, S., 2014. Tuta absoluta Povolny (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), the exotic pest in Turkey., Proceedings, 4th ESENIAS Workshop: International Workshop on IAS in Agricultural and Non-Agricultural Areas in ESENIAS Region, Çanakkale, Turkey, 16-17 December 2013:7-8

Distribution References

Aballay E, Eriksson B, 2006. Trichodorid nematodes in the central area of Chile. Nematologia Mediterranea. 34 (1), 43-48.

Abbas G, Arif M J, Muhammad Ashfaq, Muhammad Aslam, Shafqat Saeed, 2010. Host plants distribution and overwintering of cotton mealybug (Phenacoccus solenopsis; Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 12 (3), 421-425. http://www.fspublishers.org/ijab/past-issues/IJABVOL_12_NO_3/20.pdf

Abdalla M E, 2000. Detection and identification of seed-borne pathogenic bacteria of imported tomato seeds in Egypt. Bulletin OEPP. 30 (2), 327-331. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2338.2000.tb00904.x

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Candresse T, Marais A, Faure C, 2013. First report of Southern tomato virus on tomatoes in southwest France. Plant Disease. 97 (8), 1124. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-13-0017-PDN

Cañizares M C, García-Pedrajas M D, 2015. First report of bacterial stem and pith necrosis of tomato caused by Pseudomonas viridiflava in Spain. Plant Disease. 99 (9), 1270-1271. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-11-14-1104-PDN

Cara M de, Heras F, Santos M, Tello Marquina J C, 2008. First report of Fulvia fulva, causal agent of tomato leaf mold, in greenhouses in Southeastern Spain. Plant Disease. 92 (9), 1371. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-92-9-1371B

Carmichael D J, Rey M E C, Naidoo S, Cook G, Heerden S W van, 2011. First report of Pepino mosaic virus infecting tomato in South Africa. Plant Disease. 95 (6), 767. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-11-0036

Castro R M, Hernandez E, Mora F, Ramirez P, Hammond R W, 2009. First report of Tomato chlorosis virus in tomato in Costa Rica. Plant Disease. 93 (9), 970. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-93-9-0970A

Çevİk B, Erkıș G, 2008. First report of Tomato chlorosis virus in Turkey. Plant Pathology. 57 (4), 767. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/ppa DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2007.01795.x

Chai A L, Li P L, Guo W T, Li B J, Aisimutuola P, 2018. First report of Fusarium acuminatum wilt in the broomrape parasite of processing tomato in China. Plant Disease. 102 (3), 676-677. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-08-17-1244-PDN

Chaves A L R, Eiras M, Rodrigues L K, Ramos A de F, Colariccio A, 2017. First report of Tomato mottle leaf curl virus infecting tomato in São Paulo State, Brazil. Summa Phytopathologica. 43 (4), 353. DOI:10.1590/0100-5405/175450

Che H Y, Luo D Q, Cao X R, 2018. First report of Tomato mottle mosaic virus in Tomato crops in China. Plant Disease. 102 (10), 2051. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-03-18-0538-PDN

Chehri K, 2015. First report of postharvest fruit rots of tomato caused by Fusarium oxysporum in Iran. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection. 48 (6), 537-544. DOI:10.1080/03235408.2015.1045235

Cheng Y H, Wang R Y, Chen C C, Chang C A, Jan F J, 2009. First report of Pepper veinal mottle virus in tomato and pepper in Taiwan. Plant Disease. 93 (1), 107. HTTP://www.apsnet.org DOI:10.1094/PDIS-93-1-0107A

Chidege M, Al-Zaidi S, Hassan N, Julie A, Kaaya E, Mrogoro S, 2016. First record of tomato leaf miner Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in Tanzania. Agriculture and Food Security. 5 (17), (12 August 2016). https://agricultureandfoodsecurity.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40066-016-0066-4

Chikh-Ali M, Naidu R A, Karasev A V, 2016. First report of Potato virus Y (PVY) strain PVYc associated with a tomato disease in Kenya. Plant Disease. 100 (4), 864-865. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-08-15-0890-PDN

Cho SungEun, Park MiJeong, Choi GugSeoun, Park JiHyun, Shin HyeonDong, 2016. Powdery mildew caused by an Erysiphe sp. on Korean ginseng. Journal of Phytopathology. 164 (5), 337-341. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1439-0434

Choi H W, Hong S K, Lee Y K, Shim H S, 2013. First report of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici race 3 causing Fusarium wilt on tomato in Korea. Plant Disease. 97 (10), 1377. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-13-0073-PDN

Choi Hoseong, Jo Yeonhwa, Phu-Tri Tran, Kim KookHyung, 2019. First report of ageratum yellow vein virus infecting tomato in Vietnam. Journal of Plant Pathology. 101 (4), 1267-1267. DOI:10.1007/s42161-019-00325-3

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Ciuffo M, Finetti-Sialer M M, Gallitelli D, Turina M, 2005. First report in Italy of a resistance-breaking strain of Tomato spotted wilt virus infecting tomato cultivars carrying the Sw5 resistance gene. Plant Pathology. 54 (4), 564. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2005.01203.x

Cohen Y, 2002. Populations of Phytophthora infestans in Israel underwent three major genetic changes during 1983 to 2000. Phytopathology. 92 (3), 300-307. DOI:10.1094/PHYTO.2002.92.3.300

Colariccio A, Eiras M, Chaves A L R, Bergmann J C, Zerbini F M, Harakava R, Chagas C M, 2007. Tomato yellow vein streak virus, a new begomovirus on tomato from Brazil: complete DNA-A sequence and some molecular and biological features. Journal of Plant Pathology. 89 (3), 385-390. http://www.agr.unipi.it/sipav/jpp/index.html

Correll J C, Villarroel M I, McLeod P J, Cazon M I, Rivadeneria C, 2005. First report of powdery mildew caused by Leveillula taurica on tomato and pepper in Bolivia. Plant Disease. 89 (7), 776. DOI:10.1094/PD-89-0776A

Çota E, Merkuri J, 2004. Introduction of Frankliniella occidentalis and occurrence of Tomato spotted wilt tospovirus in Albania. Bulletin OEPP. 34 (3), 421-422. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2338.2004.00758.x

Crow W T, 2005. Diagnosis of Trichodorus obtusus and Paratrichodorus minor on turfgrasses in the Southeastern United States. Plant Health Progress. 1-7. http://www.plantmanagementnetwork.org/php/

Cruz L, Cruz J, Eloy M, Oliveira H, Vaz H, Tenreiro R, 2010. First report of bacterial speck of tomato caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato race 1 in Portugal. Plant Disease. 94 (12), 1504-1505. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-06-10-0415

Daami-Remadi M, Jabnoun-Khiareddine H, Barbara D J, Ayed F, El-Mahjoub M, 2006. First report of Verticillium dahliae race 2 in Tunisia. Plant Pathology. 55 (6), 816. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2006.01469.x

Damayanti T A, Naidu R A, 2009. Identification of Peanut bud necrosis virus and Tomato spotted wilt virus in Indonesia for the first time. Plant Pathology. 58 (4), 782. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/ppa DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2009.02103.x

Davino S, Bivona L, Iacono G, Davino M, 2010. First report of Tomato torrado virus infecting tomato in Italy. Plant Disease. 94 (9), 1172. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-94-9-1172A

Davis R I, Tsatsia H, 2009. A survey for plant diseases caused by viruses and virus-like pathogens in the Solomon Islands. Australasian Plant Pathology. 38 (2), 193-201. DOI:10.1071/AP08083

Deahl K L, Jones R W, Black L L, Wang T C, Cooke L R, 2008. First report of the A2 mating type of Phytophthora infestans on tomato crops in Taiwan, Republic of China. Plant Disease. 92 (6), 978. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-92-6-0978A

Delatte H, Dalmon A, Rist D, Soustrade I, Wuster G, Lett J M, Goldbach R W, Peterschmitt M, Reynaud B, 2003. Tomato yellow leaf curl virus can be acquired and transmitted by Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) from tomato fruit. Plant Disease. 87 (11), 1297-1300. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2003.87.11.1297

Delatte H, Holota H, Naze F, Peterschmitt M, Reynaud B, Lett J M, 2005. The presence of both recombinant and nonrecombinant strains of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus on tomato in Réunion Island. Plant Pathology. 54 (2), 262. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2004.01154.x

Delatte H, Naze F, Cottineau J S, Lefeuvre P, Hostachy B, Reynaud B, Lett J M, 2006. Occurrence of Tomato chlorosis virus on tomato in Réunion Island. Plant Pathology. 55 (2), 289. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2005.01279.x

Diao Y Z, Zhang C, Lin D, Liu X L, 2014. First report of Colletotrichum truncatum causing anthracnose of tomato in China. Plant Disease. 98 (5), 687-688. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-05-13-0491-PDN

Djebara F, Benzahra A, Mimeche F, Saharaoui L, 2018. Diversity of entomofauna associated with greenhouse-grown tomatoes in Algiers (North Algeria). Studia Universitatis Babeș-Bolyai, Biologia. 63 (2), 139-151. DOI:10.24193/subbbiol.2018.2.11

Dovas C I, Katis N I, Avgelis A D, 2002. Multiplex detection of criniviruses associated with epidemics of a yellowing disease of tomato in Greece. Plant Disease. 86 (12), 1345-1349. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2002.86.12.1345

Duan Y P, Sun X, Zhou L J, Gabriel D W, Benyon L S, Gottwald T, 2009. Bacterial brown leaf spot of citrus, a new disease caused by Burkholderia andropogonis. Plant Disease. 93 (6), 607-614. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-93-6-0607

Duarte M F, Fonseca M E N, Boiteux L S, Costa H, Ribeiro B M, Melo F L, Pereira-Carvalho R C, 2020. Identification of Physalis angulata (Solanaceae) as a natural alternative weed host of Tomato severe rugose virus in Brazil. Plant Disease. 104 (2), 600-600. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-19-1389-PDN

Ðurić Z, Delić D, Hrnčić S, Radonjić S, 2014. Distribution and molecular identification of Tuta absoluta (Meyrick, 1917) (Lepidoptera, Gelechiidae) populations in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro. Polish Journal of Entomology. 83 (2), 121-129. http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/pjen.2014.83.issue-2/pjen-2014-0009/pjen-2014-0009.xml?format=INT

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Efthimiou K E, Gatsios A P, Aretakis K C, Papayiannis L C, Katis N I, 2011. First report of Pepino mosaic virus infecting greenhouse cherry tomatoes in Greece. Plant Disease. 95 (1), 78. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-10-0643

Elansky S, Smirnov A, Dyakov Y, Dolgova A, Filippov A, Kozlovsky B, Kozlovskaya I, Russo P, Smart C, Fry W, 2001. Genotypic analysis of Russian isolates of Phytophthora infestans from the Moscow region, Siberia and Far East. Journal of Phytopathology. 149 (10), 605-611. DOI:10.1046/j.1439-0434.2001.00642.x

Elliott D R, Alexander B J R, Smales T E, Tang Z, Clover G R G, 2001. First report of Potato spindle tuber viroid in tomato in New Zealand. Plant Disease. 85 (9), 1027. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2001.85.9.1027B

Erol F Y, Tunalı B, 2009. Determination of root and crown rot diseases in tomato growing area of Samsun Province. Acta Horticulturae. 65-69. http://www.actahort.org

Fakhro A, Bargen S von, Bandte M, Büttner C, 2010. Pepino mosaic virus, a first report of a virus infecting tomato in Syria. Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 49 (1), 99-101. http://www.fupress.com/pm/

Faten Gorsane, Fekih-Hassen I, Nakhla M K, Hatem Fakhfakh, Maxwell D P, Mohamed Marrakchi, 2004. Molecular evidence of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus-Sicily spreading on tomato, pepper and bean in Tunisia. Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 43 (2), 177-186.

Fernández-Pavía S P, Rodríguez-Alvarado G, Sánchez-Yañez J M, 2003. Buckeye rot of tomato caused by Phytophthora capsici in Michoacan, Mexico. Plant Disease. 87 (7), 872. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2003.87.7.872C

Ferrand L, Nome C, Orílio A F, García M L, Nagata T, Ronco L B, Bó E Dal, 2016. First report of Tomato blistering mosaic virus infecting tomato in Argentina. Plant Disease. 100 (5), 1026-1027. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-15-0782-PDN

Ferreira E C B, Freitas M T de S, Sombra K D da S, Siqueira H Á A de, Araujo E L de, Balbino V de Q, 2017. Molecular identification of Liriomyza sp. in the northeast and southeast regions of Brazil. Revista Caatinga. 30 (4), 892-900. DOI:10.1590/1983-21252017v30n409rc

Fiallo-Olivé E, Hamed A A, Moriones E, Navas-Castillo J, 2011. First report of Tomato chlorosis virus infecting tomato in Sudan. Plant Disease. 95 (12), 1592. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-08-11-0631

Fidan H, Karacaoglu M, Koc G, Caglar B K, 2019. Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) strains and epidemiological role of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) biotypes on tomato agroecology in Turkey. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research. 17 (4), 9131-9144. http://www.aloki.hu/pdf/1704_91319144.pdf

Fiori M, Gallelli A, Fiori V, Ligios V, Loreti S, 2009. A new outbreak of Ralstonia solanacearum on tomato in Sardinia. Journal of Plant Pathology. 91 (4, Supplement), S4.103. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/

Flis Ł, Dobosz R, Rybarczyk-Mydłowska K, Wasilewska-Nascimento B, Kubicz M, Winiszewska G, 2018a. First report of the lesion nematodes: Pratylenchus brachyurus and Pratylenchus delattrei on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) plants in Cape Verde. Helminthologia. 55 (1), 88-94. DOI:10.1515/helm-2017-0053

Flis Ł, Dobosz R, Winiszewska G, Rybarczyk-Mydłowska K, Malewski T, Wasilewska-Nascimento B, Silva G D, 2018. First report of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita on Tomato in Cape Verde. Plant Disease. 102 (1), 253. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-17-1020-PDN

Fonseca M E N, Boiteux L S, Abreu H, Nogueira I, Pereira-Carvalho R C, 2013. Physalis angulata: a new natural host of Tomato chlorosis virus in Brazil. Plant Disease. 97 (5), 692. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-06-12-0593-PDN

Font I, Martínez-Culebras P, Gomila J, Jordá C, 2002. First report of tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) in the Balearic Islands. Journal of Plant Pathology. 84 (1), 69.

Font I, Martínez-Culebras P, Jordá C, 2000. First report of tomato yellow leaf curl virus-Is (TYLCV-Is) in the Canary Islands. Plant Disease. 84 (9), 1046. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2000.84.9.1046C

Fontem D A, Olanya O M, Njualem B F, 2004. Reaction of certain solanaceous and asteraceous plant species to inoculation with Phytophthora infestans in Cameroon. Journal of Phytopathology. 152 (6), 331-336. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2004.00850.x

Fontenele R S, Ribeiro G C, Lamas N S, Ribeiro S G, Costa A F, Boiteux L S, Fonseca M E N, 2018. First report of sida micrantha mosaic virus infecting Oxalis species in Brazil. Plant Disease. 102 (9), 1862-1863. DOI:10.1094/pdis-01-18-0149-pdn

French C J, Bouthillier M, Bernardy M, Ferguson G, Sabourin M, Johnson R C, Masters C, Godkin S, Mumford R, 2001. First report of Pepino mosaic virus in Canada and the United States. Plant Disease. 85 (10), 1121. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2001.85.10.1121B

French J M, Stamler R A, Randall J J, Goldberg N P, 2011. First report of buckeye rot caused by Phytophthora nicotianae in tomato in New Mexico. Plant Disease. 95 (8), 1029. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-11-0049

Ftayeh R, Tiedemann A von, Koopmann B, Abu-Ghorrah M, Rudolph K, 2010. Occurrence of Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis, the causal agent of bacterial canker of tomato, in Syria. Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 49 (2), 172-178. http://www.fupress.com/pm/

Ftayeh R, Tiedemann A von, Koopmann B, Rudolph K, Abu-Ghorrah M, 2008. First report of Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis causing canker of tomato plants in Syria. Plant Disease. 92 (4), 649. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-92-4-0649C

Gaafar Y Z A, Abdelgalil M A M, Knierim D, Richert-Pöggeler K R, Menzel W, Winter S, Ziebell H, 2018. First report of physostegia chlorotic mottle virus on Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) in Germany. Plant Disease. 102 (1), 255. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-05-17-0737-PDN

Galanihe L D, Jayasundera M U P, Vithana A, Asselaarachchi N, Watson G W, 2010. Occurrence, distribution and control of papaya mealybug, Paracoccus marginatus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), an invasive alien pest in Sri Lanka. Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension. 13 (3), 81-86. http://www.sljol.info/index.php/TARE/article/view/3143/2522

Galdames R, Diaz J, 2010. Stem rot of branched broomrape (Orobanche ramosa) caused by Sclerotium rolfsii in Chile. Plant Disease. 94 (10), 1266. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-05-10-0370

Gambley C F, Thomas J E, Persley D M, Hall B H, 2010. First report of Tomato torrado virus on tomato from Australia. Plant Disease. 94 (4), 486. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-94-4-0486A

Garibaldi A, Minuto A, Scortichini M, Gullino M L, 2007. First report of syringae leaf spot caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae on tomato in Italy. Plant Disease. 91 (11), 1518. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-91-11-1518B

Gera A, Kritzman A, Cohen J, Raccah B, Antignus Y, 2000. Tospoviruses infecting vegetable crops in Israel. Bulletin OEPP. 30 (2), 289-292. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2338.2000.tb00897.x

Gevens A J, Seidl A C, 2013. First report of late blight caused by Phytophthora infestans clonal lineage US-22 on tomato and potato in Wisconsin. Plant Disease. 97 (3), 423. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-08-12-0807-PDN

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Golhasan B, Heydari R, Esmaeili M, Ghorbanzad H, 2016. Description of four species of Tylenchidae Örley, 1880 (Nematoda: Tylenchomorpha) with two new records from Iran. Journal of Crop Protection. 5 (4), 627-642. http://jcp.modares.ac.ir/article_15986_09905c5a21cefc7d2af96341809b16e3.pdf

Golkhandan E, Kamaruzaman S, Sariah M, Abidin M A Z, Nazerian E, Yassoralipour A, 2013. First report of soft rot disease caused by Pectobacterium wasabiae on sweet potato, tomato, and eggplant in Malaysia. Plant Disease. 97 (5), 685. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-08-12-0759-PDN

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Götz M, Winter S, 2016. Diversity of Bemisia tabaci in Thailand and Vietnam and indications of species replacement. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology. 19 (2), 537-543. DOI:10.1016/j.aspen.2016.04.017

Guerrero E B, Francesco A de, García M L, Balatti P A, Dal Bó E, 2013. First report of Tomato rugose yellow leaf curl virus infecting tomato in Argentina. Plant Disease. 97 (12), 1662. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-13-0003-PDN

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Haldar D, 2017. Extension of distribution of two species of Stemphylium from West Bengal. Journal of Mycopathological Research. 55 (1), 27-29. http://www.imskolkata.org/

Hamid M I, Hussain M, Ghazanfar M U, Raza M, Liu X Z, 2014. Trichothecium roseum causes fruit rot of tomato, orange, and apple in Pakistan. Plant Disease. 98 (9), 1271. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-14-0051-PDN

Harizanova V, Stoeva A, Mohamedova M, 2009. Tomato leaf miner, Tuta absoluta (Povolny) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) - first record in Bulgaria. Agricultural Science and Technology. 1 (3), 95-98. http://tru.uni-sz.bg/ascitech/3_2009/Tomato%20leaf%20miner,%20Tuta%20absoluta%20(Povolny)%20(Lepidoptera%20gelechiidae)%20-%20first%20record%20in%20Bulgaria.pdf

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Hasiów-Jaroszewska B, Pospieszny H, Borodynko N, 2009. New necrotic isolates of Pepino mosaic virus representing the Ch2 genotype. Journal of Phytopathology. 157 (7/8), 494-496. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2008.01496.x

Herrera-Vásquez J A, Alfaro-Fernández A, Córdoba-Sellés M C, Cebrián M C, Font M I, Jordá C, 2009. First report of tomato torrado virus infecting tomato in single and mixed infections with Cucumber mosaic virus in Panama. Plant Disease. 93 (2), 198. HTTP://www.apsnet.org DOI:10.1094/PDIS-93-2-0198A

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Holguín-Peña R J, Hernández-Montiel L G, Latisnere-Barragán H, 2010. Identification and geographical distribution of Bemisia tabaci gennadius and its relationship with begomovirales diseases intomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) in the Baja California. Revista Mexicana de Fitopatología. 28 (1), 58-60. http://www.sociedadmexicanadefitopatologia.org/archives/rmf_28_1_articulo_6.pdf

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Vega-Gutiérrez T A, López-Orona C A, López-Urquídez G A, Velarde-Félix S, Amarillas-Bueno L A, Martínez-Campos A R, Allende-Molar R, 2019. Foot rot and wilt in tomato caused by Fusarium falciforme (FSSC 3+4) in Mexico. Plant Disease. 103 (1), 157-158. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-06-18-1001-PDN

Verbeek M, Dullemans A M, Espino A, Botella M, Alfaro-Fernández A, Font M I, 2015. First report of Southern tomato virus in tomato in the Canary Islands, Spain. Journal of Plant Pathology. 97 (2), 392. http://sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3356/2026

Verdin E, Desbiez C, Wipf-Scheibel C, Gognalons P, Kheyr-Pour A, Gronenborn B, Mirzayeva S, Sultanova N, Mammadov A, Huseynova I, 2018. First report of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus infecting tomato in Azerbaijan. Journal of Plant Pathology. 100 (2), 335-335. DOI:10.1007/s42161-018-0050-x

Verhoeven J T J, Jansen C C C, Roenhorst J W, Steyer S, Michelante D, Bolivarlaan S, 2007. First report of Potato spindle tuber viroid in tomato in Belgium. Plant Disease. 91 (8), 1055. HTTP://www.apsnet.org DOI:10.1094/PDIS-91-8-1055A

Verhoeven J T J, Willemen T M, Roenhorst J W, Vlugt R A A van der, 2003. First report of tomato infectious chlorosis virus in tomato in Indonesia. Plant Disease. 87 (7), 872. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2003.87.7.872B

Vijay Singh, Usha Chauhan, 2014. Diversity of mite (Acari) fauna associated with vegetables and ornamental plants in mid-hill conditions of Himachal Pradesh, India. Journal of Biological Control. 28 (2), 75-80. http://journalofbiologicalcontrol.com/index.php/jbc/article/view/58331/45592

Villafana R T, Ramdass A C, Rampersad S N, 2018. First report of Colletotrichum truncatum causing anthracnose in tomato fruit in Trinidad. Plant Disease. 102 (9), 1857. DOI:10.1094/pdis-02-18-0319-pdn

Visser D, Uys V M, Nieuwenhuis R J, Pieterse W, 2017. First records of the tomato leaf miner Tuta absoluta (Meyrick, 1917) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in South Africa. BioInvasions Records. 6 (4), 301-305. DOI:10.3391/bir.2017.6.4.01

Vlugt R A A van der, Stijger C C M M, Verhoeven J J T, Lesemann D E, 2000. First report of pepino mosaic virus on tomato. Plant Disease. 84 (1), 103. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2000.84.1.103C

Vrisman C M, Testen A L, Elahi F, Miller S A, 2017. First report of tomato brown root rot complex caused by Colletotrichum coccodes and Pyrenochaeta lycopersici in Ohio. Plant Disease. 101 (1), 247. DOI:10.1094/pdis-05-16-0623-pdn

Wallace M S, Anderson D, Deitz L L, 2016. Antianthe expansa (Germar): first treehopper (Hemiptera: Membracidae) recorded from Pacific Island Nation of Niue. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 118 (4), 650-653. http://www.bioone.org/loi/went

Wang X Y, Feng J, Zang L Y, Yan Y L, Yang Y Y, Zhu X P, 2018. Natural occurrence of Tomato chlorosis virus in Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) in China. Plant Disease. 102 (1), 254-255. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-02-17-0288-PDN

Wangai A W, Mandal B, Pappu H R, Kilonzo S, 2001. Outbreak of Tomato spotted wilt virus in tomato in Kenya. Plant Disease. 85 (10), 1123. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2001.85.10.1123B

Webster C G, Perry K L, Lu X Y, Horsman L, Frantz G, Mellinger C, Adkins S, 2010. First report of Groundnut ringspot virus infecting tomato in south Florida. Plant Health Progress. PHP-2010-0707-01-BR. http://www.plantmanagementnetwork.org/php/elements/sum.aspx?id=8746&photo=4982

Weller S A, O'Neill T M, 2006. Crown gall in organically grown UK tomato caused by tumorigenic strains of Agrobacterium radiobacter. Plant Pathology. 55 (4), 571. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2006.01413.x

Wijekoon C P, Peters R D, Al-Mughrabi K I, Kawchuk L M, 2014. First report of late blight caused by Phytophthora infestans clonal lineage US-23 on tomato and potato in Atlantic Canada. Plant Disease. 98 (3), 426. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-08-13-0807-PDN

Williams L V, López Lambertini P M, Shohara K, Biderbost E B, 2001. Occurrence and geographical distribution of tospovirus species infecting tomato crops in Argentina. Plant Disease. 85 (12), 1227-1229. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2001.85.12.1227

Winter S, Shahraeen N, Koerbler M, Lesemann D E, 2006. Characterization of Tomato fruit yellow ring virus: a new Tospovirus species infecting tomato in Iran. Plant Pathology. 55 (2), 287. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2005.01263.x

Wintermantel W M, Polston J E, Escudero J, Paoli E R, 2001. First report of tomato chlorosis virus in Puerto Rico. Plant Disease. 85 (2), 228. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2001.85.2.228B

Winton L M, Leiner R H, Krohn A L, Deahl K L, 2007. Occurrence of late blight caused by Phytophthora infestans on potato and tomato in Alaska. Plant Disease. 91 (5), 634. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-91-5-0634A

Wong M, Grandgirard J, Hascoat J, Hoareau M, Simiand C, Reynaud B, Lefeuvre P, Delatte H, Lett J M, 2017. Occurrence of the Israel strain of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus and the whitefly Bemisia tabaci MEAM1 species in French Polynesia. New Disease Reports. 29. DOI:10.5197/j.2044-0588.2017.035.029

Wu J B, Dai F M, Zhou X P, 2006. First report of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus in China. Plant Disease. 90 (10), 1359. HTTP://www.apsnet.org DOI:10.1094/PD-90-1359C

Xu J, Xu X D, Cao Y Y, Zhang W M, 2014. First report of greenhouse tomato wilt caused by Plectosphaerella cucumerina in China. Plant Disease. 98 (1), 158-159. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-05-13-0566-PDN

Xu X, Baysal-Gurel F, Miller S A, 2013. First report of tomato pith necrosis caused by Pseudomonas mediterranea in the United States and P. corrugata in Ohio. Plant Disease. 97 (7), 988. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Xu Xia, Mou HaiQing, Zhu ShuiFang, Liao XiaoLan, Zhao WenJun, 2013. Detection and characterization of phytoplasma associated with big bud disease of tomato in China. Journal of Phytopathology. 161 (6), 430-433. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1439-0434 DOI:10.1111/jph.12065

Yahiaoui N, Chéron J J, Jeetah R, Benimadhu S, Félicité J, Cellier G, Prior P, Guérin F, Poussier S, 2016. First report of Ralstonia pseudosolanacearum phylotype I causing bacterial Wilt on Rodrigues Island, Indian Ocean. Plant Disease. 100 (12), 2522-2523. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-06-16-0811-PDN

Yan YaLi, Liu JiaKui, Sun XiaoHui, Zang LianYi, Zhang XianPing, Zhu XiaoPing, 2019. First report of beet western yellows virus infecting tomato in China. Journal of Plant Pathology. 101 (3), 791-791. DOI:10.1007/s42161-019-00258-x

Yazdani-Khameneh S, Hamedi A, Farahani A A, Hashemi S, Golnaraghi A R, Rakhshandehroo F, 2013. Tomato mosaic virus on cucumber and potato in Iran. Journal of Plant Pathology. 95 (3), 665. http://sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/2979

Yin Y Y, Li T T, Lu X, Fang Q, Ding M, Zhang Z K, 2016. First report of Capsicum chlorosis virus infecting tomato in Yunnan, southwest of China. Plant Disease. 100 (1), 230. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-15-0088-PDN

Yin Y Y, Li T T, Lu X, Gu Z L, Zhao L L, Guo M, Zhao J F, Ding M, 2016a. First report of Watermelon silver mottle virus infecting tomato in Yunnan, China. Journal of Plant Pathology. 98 (3), 681. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3763/2403

Yolageldİ L, Sİn B, Onogur E, 2008. First report of Oidium neolycopersici on tomatoes in Turkey. Plant Pathology. 57 (2), 373. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2007.01723.x

Zambrano K, Carballo O, Geraud F, Chirinos D, Fernández C, Marys E, 2007. First report of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus in Venezuela. Plant Disease. 91 (6), 768. HTTP://www.apsnet.org DOI:10.1094/PDIS-91-6-0768A

Zammouri S, Zaagueri T, Eddouzi J, Belkhadhi M S, Hajlaoui M R, Mnari-Hattab M, 2017. First report of tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus on tomato crop in Tunisia. Journal of Plant Pathology. 99 (3), 813. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3975/2619

Zamora L, Acosta K, Piñol B, Quiñones M, Bertaccini A, 2014. First report of 'Candidatus phytoplasma asteris' (16sri group) causing stunt of tomato in Cuba. New Disease Reports. 10. http://www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php?id=030010

Zarzyńska-Nowak A, Rymelska N, Borodynko N, Hasiów-Jaroszewska B, 2016. The occurrence of Tomato yellow ring virus on tomato in Poland. Plant Disease. 100 (1), 234. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-05-15-0521-PDN

Zeng HuiCai, Ho H H, Zheng FuyCong, 2009. A survey of Phytophthora species on Hainan Island of South China. Journal of Phytopathology. 157 (1), 33-39. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/jph DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2008.01441.x

Zhang F, Wang Y, Zhan X, Dai D, Guo G, Guo S, Sun M, Zhang J, 2019. First report of Rotylenchulus reniformis on tomato in Henan, China. Plant Disease. 103 (5), 1044-1044. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-18-1633-PDN

Zhang M, Li P H, Gen Y H, Guo Y X, Wu H Y, 2017. First report of Alternaria macrospora causing leaf spot of Solanum lycopersicum in China. Plant Disease. 101 (8), 1545-1546. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-03-16-0388-PDN

Zhang S B, Zhang D Y, Liu Y, Luo X W, Liu M Y, Du J, Wang M C, 2017a. First report of Lettuce chlorosis virus infecting tomato in China. Plant Disease. 101 (5), 846. DOI:10.1094/pdis-09-16-1315-pdn

Zhang X R, Xing Z L, Lei Z R, Gao Y L, 2017b. Recent status of the invasive leafminer Liriomyza trifolii in China. Southwestern Entomologist. 42 (1), 301-304. DOI:10.3958/059.042.0130

Zhao F F, Xi D H, Liu J, Deng X G, Lin H H, 2014. First report of Chilli veinal mottle virus infecting tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) in China. Plant Disease. 98 (11), 1589. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-11-13-1188-PDN

Zhao R N, Wang R, Wang N, Fan Z F, Zhou T, Shi Y C, Chai M, 2013. First report of Tomato chlorosis virus in China. Plant Disease. 97 (8), 1123. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-12-12-1163-PDN

Zhou WenPeng, Li YueYue, Li Fan, Tan GuanLin, 2020. First report of natural infection of tomato by pepper mild mottle virus in China. Journal of Plant Pathology. 103 (1), 363-363. DOI:10.1007/s42161-020-00688-y

Zhou Y, Luo C, Zhao J, Wei S J, Chen Z, Yan J Y, Li X H, 2016. First report of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus in Viola prionantha in China. Plant Disease. 100 (1), 231. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-15-0104-PDN

Zhu F, Che Y P, Qian K, Zhou Y K, Xu Y J, Zhao Y Q, Ji Z L, 2018. First report of Chilli veinal mottle virus infecting Lycopersicon esculentum in Jiangsu Province in China. Plant Disease. 102 (2), 462. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-17-1100-PDN

Zia A, Zia K, Anwar S A, Iqbal M, 2014. Distribution and association of root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) with tomato crop in Faisalabad district. Pakistan Journal of Nematology. 32 (1), 1-6.

Zia-ur-Rehman M, Hameed U, Herrmann H W, Iqbal M J, Haider M S, Brown J K, 2015. First report of Chickpea chlorotic dwarf virus infecting tomato crops in Pakistan. Plant Disease. 99 (9), 1287. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-02-15-0202-PDN

Zibadoost S, Rastgou M, Tazehkand S A, 2016. Detection and molecular identification of 'Candidatus phytoplasma trifoli' infecting some cultivated crops and vegetables in West Azarbaijan province, Iran. Australasian Plant Disease Notes. 11 (1), 3. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13314-015-0188-8

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