Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Loxostege sticticalis
(beet webworm)

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Datasheet

Loxostege sticticalis (beet webworm)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Loxostege sticticalis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • beet webworm
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Adult of L. sticticalis. Wingspan 18-26 mm.
TitleAdult
CaptionAdult of L. sticticalis. Wingspan 18-26 mm.
CopyrightSun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection
Adult of L. sticticalis. Wingspan 18-26 mm.
AdultAdult of L. sticticalis. Wingspan 18-26 mm.Sun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection
Eggs of L. sticticalis, about 0.8 mm long and 0.6 mm wide.
TitleEggs
CaptionEggs of L. sticticalis, about 0.8 mm long and 0.6 mm wide.
CopyrightSun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection
Eggs of L. sticticalis, about 0.8 mm long and 0.6 mm wide.
EggsEggs of L. sticticalis, about 0.8 mm long and 0.6 mm wide.Sun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection
Late-instar larvae of L. sticticalis. Body length from 8.5-19.5 mm.
TitleLarvae
CaptionLate-instar larvae of L. sticticalis. Body length from 8.5-19.5 mm.
CopyrightSun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection
Late-instar larvae of L. sticticalis. Body length from 8.5-19.5 mm.
LarvaeLate-instar larvae of L. sticticalis. Body length from 8.5-19.5 mm.Sun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection
Pupae of L. sticticalis: 8-10 mm long; dark-yellow in the primary stage, becoming dark-brown as they develop.
TitlePupae
CaptionPupae of L. sticticalis: 8-10 mm long; dark-yellow in the primary stage, becoming dark-brown as they develop.
CopyrightSun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection
Pupae of L. sticticalis: 8-10 mm long; dark-yellow in the primary stage, becoming dark-brown as they develop.
PupaePupae of L. sticticalis: 8-10 mm long; dark-yellow in the primary stage, becoming dark-brown as they develop.Sun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection
Soil cocoons of L. sticticalis. About 28 mm long.
TitleCocoons
CaptionSoil cocoons of L. sticticalis. About 28 mm long.
CopyrightSun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection
Soil cocoons of L. sticticalis. About 28 mm long.
CocoonsSoil cocoons of L. sticticalis. About 28 mm long.Sun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection
Damage to Helianthus annus by L. sticticalis in the field.
TitleDamage symptoms on sunflowers
CaptionDamage to Helianthus annus by L. sticticalis in the field.
CopyrightSun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection
Damage to Helianthus annus by L. sticticalis in the field.
Damage symptoms on sunflowersDamage to Helianthus annus by L. sticticalis in the field.Sun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection
Damage to Rhaphanus sativus by L. sticticalis.
TitleDamage symptoms on radish
CaptionDamage to Rhaphanus sativus by L. sticticalis.
CopyrightSun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection
Damage to Rhaphanus sativus by L. sticticalis.
Damage symptoms on radishDamage to Rhaphanus sativus by L. sticticalis.Sun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Loxostege sticticalis Linnaeus

Preferred Common Name

  • beet webworm

Other Scientific Names

  • Botys sticticalis Linnaeus
  • Eurycreon sticticalis Linnaeus
  • Margaritia sticticalis Linnaeus
  • Parasitochroa sticticalis Linnaeus
  • Phalaena sticticalis Linnaeus
  • Phlyctaenodes sticticalis Linnaeus
  • Pyrausta sticticalis Linnaeus

International Common Names

  • English: meadow moth; sugarbeet webworm
  • Spanish: gusano telaranero; palomilla de la remolacha
  • French: pyrale de la betterave; tisseuse de la betterave

Local Common Names

  • China: tsao dee ming
  • Germany: Ruebenzuensler; Wiesenzuensler; Zuensler, Rueben-; Zuensler, Wiesen-
  • Italy: piralide dell'erba medica
  • Romania: steppe caterpillar
  • Turkey: pancar cadir kurdu

EPPO code

  • LOXOST (Loxostege sticticalis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Crambidae
  •                             Genus: Loxostege
  •                                 Species: Loxostege sticticalis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 25 Feb 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Asia

ChinaPresent, Localized
-HebeiPresent, Widespread
-HeilongjiangPresent, Widespread
-Inner MongoliaPresent, Widespread
-JilinPresent, Widespread
-LiaoningPresent, Widespread
-NingxiaPresent, Localized
-ShandongPresent, Few occurrences
-ShanxiPresent, Localized
-TianjinPresent
KazakhstanPresent, Widespread
MongoliaPresent, Widespread
TajikistanPresent, Widespread
TurkmenistanPresent, Widespread

Europe

BulgariaPresent, Widespread
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresent, Widespread
ItalyPresent, Localized
LithuaniaPresent
NetherlandsPresent, WidespreadOriginal citation: de and Vos Rutten (1996)
RomaniaPresent, Widespread
RussiaPresent
-Central RussiaPresent, Widespread
-Eastern SiberiaPresent, Widespread
-Russian Far EastPresent, Widespread
-Southern RussiaPresent, Widespread
-Western SiberiaPresent, Widespread
SerbiaPresent
UkrainePresent, WidespreadOriginal citation: Petrukha & Tribel', 1974

North America

CanadaPresent, Few occurrences
-AlbertaPresent, Widespread
United StatesPresent
-AlaskaPresent
-ColoradoPresent
-MinnesotaPresent
-UtahPresent

Growth Stages

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Flowering stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Growing point / external feeding
Inflorescence / external feeding
Inflorescence / webbing
Leaves / external feeding
Leaves / necrotic areas
Leaves / shredding
Leaves / webbing
Stems / external feeding
Vegetative organs / external feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Agrypon flexorium Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Aleiodes bicolor Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Apanteles ater Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Ascogaster quadridentatus Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae USSR
Bacillus thuringiensis galleriae Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis kenyae Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. dendrolimus Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis thuringiensis Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Blondelia nigripes Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Campoplex geniculatus Parasite
Campoplex patsuiketorum Parasite Arthropods|Pupae
Campoplex sulcatellus Parasite Arthropods|Pupae
Charops bicolor Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Chelonus annulipes Parasite Eggs; Arthropods|Larvae
Clemelis pullata Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Cotesia congregata Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Eumea linearicornis Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Euphorocera claripennis Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Exorista civilis Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Exorista rustica Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Lespesia ciliata Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Lydella grisescens Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Lydella thompsoni Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Machimus annulipes Predator Adults
Macrocentrus linearis Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Meteorus campestris Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Meteorus chrysophthalmus Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Meteorus rubens Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Nemorilla floralis Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Nemorilla maculosa Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Neopristomerus appalachianus Parasite Arthropods|Pupae
Pales pavida Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Palesisa maculosa Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Phytodietus pulcherrimus Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Phytodietus rufipes Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Pimpla luctuosus Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Platymya mitis Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Thelymyia saltuum Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Trichogramma dendrolimi Parasite
Trichogramma euproctidis Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma evanescens Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma principium Parasite Eggs
Vipio vulgaris Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Zenillia libatrix Parasite Arthropods|Larvae

References

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Akimov VI, 1976. Not a hectare of sugar-beet was lost. Zashchita Rastenii, 6:2-3.

Allyson S, 1976. North American larvae of the genus Loxostege Hubner (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae: Pyraustinae). Canadian Entomologist, 108(1):89-104

Banit VN; Mikhal'tsov VP, 1980. Trichogramma against the meadow moth. Zashchita Rastenii, 12:34.

Bykova EP, 1985. The meadow moth in eastern Siberia. Puti Avtomatizatsii Fitosanitarnoi Diagnostiki [edited by Novozhilov, K.V.] Leningrad, USSR; Vsesoyuznyi Nauchno-issledovatel'skii Institut Zashchity Rastenii, 89-99

Caporale F, 1970. Contribution to knowledge of Pyrausta (Parasitochroa) sticticalis L. (Lep. Ryralidae). Bollettino dell' Instituto di Entomologia della Universita degli studi di Bologna, 1968-9, 29:207-240.

Chen RL; Bao XZ; Wang SY; Sun YJ; Li LQ; Liu JR, 1992. An observation on the migration of meadow moth by radar. Acta Phytophylacica Sinica, 19(2):171-174

Chen RL; Wang SY; Bao XZ; Sun YJ, 1987. Study on diapause of webworm, Loxostege sticticalis L.: effects of photoperiod and temperature on development and diapause. Acta Phytophylacica Sinica, 4(4):253-258.

Dormidontova GN; Tril' OR, 1980. Harmfulness of the meadow moth on sugar-beet crops in the Krasnodar region. In: Novozhilov KV, ed. Proceedings of the All-Union Research Institute for Plant Protection. Ecological and physiological preconditions for a modern system of control of the meadow moth All-Union Lenin Academy of Agricultural Sciences Leningrad, USSR, 83-90.

Du JL; Zhao XL; Wei Q; Cui WL; Sun MJ, 1987. Tests of lava feedng quantity and damage lost rates of L. sticticalis. Bing Chong Ce Bao, 1:19-26.

Guo HS, 1987. Study of ecology of meadow moth on grasslands. Bing Chong Ce Bao, 1:121-122.

Injac M, 1977. The meadow moth (Loxostege sticticalis L.) in some localities in Serbia in 1976. Zastita Bilja, 28(2):205-216

Knor IB, 1986. The problem of outbreaks of the meadow moth in Siberia. Trudy Vsesoyuznogo Entomologicheskogo Obshchestva, 68:162-165

Knor IB, 1990. Loxostege sticticalis in the Asian part of the USSR. Zashchita Rastenii, 11:52-56.

Kornilov VG; Stroeva IA, 1980. Insecticides of chemical and biological origin for control of the meadow moth. In: Novozhilov KV, ed. Proceedings of the All-Union Research Institute for Plant Protection. Ecological and physiological preconditions for a modern system of control of the meadow moth All-Union Lenin Academy of Agricultural Sciences. Leningrad, USSR, 91-93.

Krasil'nikova GA, 1981. Topographical distribution of Microlepidoptera in south-western Turkmenia. Trudy Vsesoyuznogo Entomologicheskogo Obshchestva, 63:99-102

Lacatusu M; Voicu M, 1984. Braconid parasites of Margaritia sticticalis L. Travaux du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle 'Grigore Antipa', 25:187-190

Liu YZ; Li LF, 1986. Descriptions on tachinids of Loxostege sticticalis. Natural Enemies of Insects, 8(2):90-97

Makarova LA; Doronina GM, 1985. Prerequistes of automation of the prediction of the population dynamics of the meadow moth. Puti Avtomatizatsii Fitosanitarnoi Diagnostiki [edited by Novozhilov, K.V.] Leningrad, USSR; Vsesoyuznyi Nauchno-issledovatel'skii Institut Zashchity Rastenii, 31-42

Matov G; Chimidtseren B, 1984. The meadow moth [Loxostege sticticalis (L.)] in the Mongolian People's Republic. Zashchita Rasteni, 6:53.

Mitrofanov VB, 1980. The role of microorganisms in the dynamics of abundance of the meadow moth and the use of microbiological preparations for its control. In: Novozhilov KV, ed. Proceedings of the All-Union Research Institute for Plant Protection. Ecological and physiological preconditions for a modern system of control of the meadow moth All-Union Lenin Academy of Agricultural Sciences. Leningrad, USSR, 94-99.

Nadejde M; Pasol P; Schmidt E, 1975. Investigations on the control of steppe caterpillar (Loxostege sticticalis L.) by ultra-low-volume treatments in the conditions of the year 1975. Lucrari Stiintifice, Institutul Agronomic 'Nicolai Balcescu', A, 18/19:59-66

Naumova EN; Gorbunov BZ; Knor IB; Rozhina OV, 1994. Study of mass migration of beet-webworm moths (Loxostege sticticalis) (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae) on the basis of analysis of their elemental composition. Russian Journal of Ecology, 25(4):294-298

Omelyuta VP, 1981. Photothermal conditions of the formation of diapause in larvae of the meadow moth and the prognosis of the number of its generations. Trudy Vsesoyuznogo Entomologicheskogo Obshchestva, 63:170-171

Omelyuta VP; Nadvornaya LS, 1980. Parasites of the beet-webworm - Pyrausta sticticalis L. (Lepidoptera, Pyraustidae) in the Ukraine. Vestnik Zoologii, 2:89-90.

Petrukha OI; Tribel' SA, 1974. Loxostege sticticalis in the Ukraine. Zashchita Rastenii, 4:40-43.

Polyakov IYa; Makarova LA, 1976. Causes of migrations of the meadow moth. Zashchita Rastenii, 11:43-44.

Popov P, 1979. A new pest of fennel. Rastitelna Zashchita, 27(10):26

Pushkarev BV; Mikhal'tsev VP, 1979. A means of mass release. Zashchita Rastenii, 12:32.

Shek GKh; Telepa NG, 1981. The meadow moth in Kazakhstan. Zashchita Rastenii, 6:23-24.

Sidor C; Zamola B; Dusanic L; Valles P; Kajfez F, 1979. Susceptibility of the sugar-beet webworm to preparations of Bacillus thuringiensis. Informatore Fitopatologico, 29(6):29-34

Struble DL; Lilly CE, 1977. An attractant for the beet webworm, Loxostege sticticalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Canadian Entomologist, 109(2):261-266

Sukhoruchenko GI; Kapitan AI; Serebrennikova NI, 1991. Optimization of the range of control measures used against soyabean pests. Ekologicheskie osnovy primeneniya insektoakaritsidov St. Petersburg, Russia: VIZR, 103-110.

Sun YJ; Chen RL, 1995. Migration, occurrent region and life-history of meadow moth, Loxostege sticticalis L., in China. Acta Agricultural Boreali Sinica, 10(4):86-91.

Tribel' SA, 1976. Phenology of the meadow moth. Zashchita Rastenii, 4:40-41.

Vos RD; Rutten ALM, 1996. Migrating Lepidoptera in 1995 (fifty-sixth report). Entomologische Berichten, 56(12):177-191.

Vos Rde; Rutten ALM, 1995. Migrating Lepidoptera in 1992 (fifty-third report). Entomologische Berichten, 55(3):37-46; 7 ref.

Wei Q; Cui WL; Du JL; Sun MJ; Zhao XL; Gu CY; Liang CY; Zhang GZ; Li CX; Huang ZF; Jia ZY, 1987. Researches on occurrence, forecast and integrate control of meadow moth in Heilongjiang province, China. Bing Chong Ce Bao, 1:98-107.

Distribution References

Allyson S, 1976. North American larvae of the genus Loxostege Hubner (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae: Pyraustinae). Canadian Entomologist. 108 (1), 89-104.

Burnett W L, 1921. A Study of the Food Habits of the Ring-necked Pheasant in Colorado. In: Circular. Office of the State Entomologist, Colorado, Fort Collins, Col. 31 pp.

Bykova E P, 1985. The meadow moth in eastern Siberia. In: Puti Avtomatizatsii Fitosanitarnoĭ Diagnostiki. [ed. by Novozhilov KV]. Leningrad, USSR: Vsesoyuznyi Nauchno-issledovatel'skii Institut Zashchity Rastenii. 89-99.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Caporale F, 1970. Contribution to knowledge of Pyrausta (Parasitochroa) sticticalis L. (Lep. Ryralidae). In: Bollettino dell' Instituto di Entomologia della Universita degli studi di Bologna, 1968-9, 29 207-240.

Ferris C D, Kruse J J, LaFontaine J D, Philip K W, Schmidt B C, Sikes D S, 2012. A Checklist of the Moths of Alaska. Zootaxa. 1-25. https://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2012/f/zt03571p025.pdf

Hawley I M, 1923. Notes on the Insect Pests of Utah. Journal of Economic Entomology. 16 (4), 377-379 pp. DOI:10.1093/jee/16.4.377

Huang ShaoHong, Jiang XingFu, Luo LiZhi, 2009. Effects of photoperiod and temperature on diapause induction in the beet webworm Loxostege sticticalis Linnaeus (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Acta Entomologica Sinica. 52 (3), 274-280. http://www.insect.org.cn

Injac M, 1977. The meadow moth (Loxostege sticticalis L.) in some localities in Serbia in 1976. (Pojava metlice (Loxostege sticticalis L.) na nekim lokalitetima u uzoj Srbiji 1976. godine.). Zastita Bilja. 28 (2), 205-216.

Knor I B, 1990. Loxostege sticticalis in the Asian part of the USSR. Zashchita Rasteniĭ. 52-56.

Krasil'nikova G A, 1981. Topographical distribution of Microlepidoptera in south-western Turkmenia. Trudy Vsesoyuznogo Entomologicheskogo Obshchestva. 99-102.

Makarova L A, Doronina G M, 1985. Prerequistes of automation of the prediction of the population dynamics of the meadow moth. In: Puti Avtomatizatsii Fitosanitarnoĭ Diagnostiki. [ed. by Novozhilov KV]. Leningrad, USSR: Vsesoyuznyi Nauchno-issledovatel'skii Institut Zashchity Rastenii. 31-42.

Matov G, Chimidtsėrėn B, 1984. The meadow moth [Loxostege sticticalis (L.)] in the Mongolian People's Republic. Zashchita Rasteniıbreve˜. 53.

Nadejde M, Pasol P, Schmidt E, 1975. Investigations on the control of steppe caterpillar (Loxostege sticticalis L.) by ultra-low-volume treatments in the conditions of the year 1975. (Cercetari asupra combaterii omizii de stepa (Loxostege sticticalis L.) prin tratamente cu volum ultraredus in conditiile anului 1975.). Lucrari Stiintifice, Institutul Agronomic 'Nicolai Balcescu', A. 59-66.

Ostrauskas H, 2003. Moths caught in pheromone traps for southern armyworm (Spodoptera eridania Cr.), fall armyworm (S. frugiperda Sm.), and Egyptian cotton leafworm (S. littoralis Bsd.) (Noctuidae, Lepidoptera) during 1999-2001 in Lithuania. Acta Zoologica Lituanica. 13 (4), 411-424. DOI:10.1080/13921657.2003.10512314

Popov P, 1979. A new pest of fennel. Rastitelna Zashchita. 27 (10), 26.

Quinn E M, Danielson R, 2009. A Survey of Lepidoptera in Three Priority Areas of the Minnesota State Parks System., https://www.yumpu.com/it/document/view/16351673/a-survey-of-lepidoptera-in-three-priority-areas-of-the-minnesota-state-

Shek G Kh, Telepa N G, 1981. The meadow moth in Kazakhstan. Zashchita Rastenii. 23-24.

Struble D L, Lilly C E, 1977. An attractant for the beet webworm, Loxostege sticticalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Canadian Entomologist. 109 (2), 261-266.

Sukhoruchenko G I, Kapitan A I, Serebrennikova N I, 1991. Optimization of the range of control measures used against soyabean pests. In: Ekologicheskie osnovy primeneniya insektoakaritsidov. St. Petersburg, Russia, VIZR. 103-110.

Sun YJ, Chen RL, 1995. Migration, occurrent region and life-history of meadow moth, Loxostege sticticalis L., in China. In: Acta Agricultural Boreali Sinica, 10 (4) 86-91.

Tribel' S A, 1976. Phenology of the meadow moth. Zashchita Rastenii. 40-41.

Vajgand D, 2017. The occurrence of potentially harmful moths in Sombor and Celarevo (Serbia) in 2016 and forecast for 2017. Acta Entomologica Serbica. 27-40. http://aes.bio.bg.ac.rs/index.php/aes/article/view/174/pdf_40

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