Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Loxostege sticticalis
(beet webworm)

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Datasheet

Loxostege sticticalis (beet webworm)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 28 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Loxostege sticticalis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • beet webworm
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Adult of L. sticticalis. Wingspan 18-26 mm.
TitleAdult
CaptionAdult of L. sticticalis. Wingspan 18-26 mm.
CopyrightSun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection
Adult of L. sticticalis. Wingspan 18-26 mm.
AdultAdult of L. sticticalis. Wingspan 18-26 mm.Sun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection
Eggs of L. sticticalis, about 0.8 mm long and 0.6 mm wide.
TitleEggs
CaptionEggs of L. sticticalis, about 0.8 mm long and 0.6 mm wide.
CopyrightSun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection
Eggs of L. sticticalis, about 0.8 mm long and 0.6 mm wide.
EggsEggs of L. sticticalis, about 0.8 mm long and 0.6 mm wide.Sun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection
Late-instar larvae of L. sticticalis. Body length from 8.5-19.5 mm.
TitleLarvae
CaptionLate-instar larvae of L. sticticalis. Body length from 8.5-19.5 mm.
CopyrightSun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection
Late-instar larvae of L. sticticalis. Body length from 8.5-19.5 mm.
LarvaeLate-instar larvae of L. sticticalis. Body length from 8.5-19.5 mm.Sun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection
Pupae of L. sticticalis: 8-10 mm long; dark-yellow in the primary stage, becoming dark-brown as they develop.
TitlePupae
CaptionPupae of L. sticticalis: 8-10 mm long; dark-yellow in the primary stage, becoming dark-brown as they develop.
CopyrightSun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection
Pupae of L. sticticalis: 8-10 mm long; dark-yellow in the primary stage, becoming dark-brown as they develop.
PupaePupae of L. sticticalis: 8-10 mm long; dark-yellow in the primary stage, becoming dark-brown as they develop.Sun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection
Soil cocoons of L. sticticalis. About 28 mm long.
TitleCocoons
CaptionSoil cocoons of L. sticticalis. About 28 mm long.
CopyrightSun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection
Soil cocoons of L. sticticalis. About 28 mm long.
CocoonsSoil cocoons of L. sticticalis. About 28 mm long.Sun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection
Damage to Helianthus annus by L. sticticalis in the field.
TitleDamage symptoms on sunflowers
CaptionDamage to Helianthus annus by L. sticticalis in the field.
CopyrightSun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection
Damage to Helianthus annus by L. sticticalis in the field.
Damage symptoms on sunflowersDamage to Helianthus annus by L. sticticalis in the field.Sun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection
Damage to Rhaphanus sativus by L. sticticalis.
TitleDamage symptoms on radish
CaptionDamage to Rhaphanus sativus by L. sticticalis.
CopyrightSun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection
Damage to Rhaphanus sativus by L. sticticalis.
Damage symptoms on radishDamage to Rhaphanus sativus by L. sticticalis.Sun Yajie/Institute of Plant Protection

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Loxostege sticticalis Linnaeus

Preferred Common Name

  • beet webworm

Other Scientific Names

  • Botys sticticalis Linnaeus
  • Eurycreon sticticalis Linnaeus
  • Margaritia sticticalis Linnaeus
  • Parasitochroa sticticalis Linnaeus
  • Phalaena sticticalis Linnaeus
  • Phlyctaenodes sticticalis Linnaeus
  • Pyrausta sticticalis Linnaeus

International Common Names

  • English: meadow moth; sugarbeet webworm
  • Spanish: gusano telaranero; palomilla de la remolacha
  • French: pyrale de la betterave; tisseuse de la betterave

Local Common Names

  • China: tsao dee ming
  • Germany: Ruebenzuensler; Wiesenzuensler; Zuensler, Rueben-; Zuensler, Wiesen-
  • Italy: piralide dell'erba medica
  • Romania: steppe caterpillar
  • Turkey: pancar cadir kurdu

EPPO code

  • LOXOST (Loxostege sticticalis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Crambidae
  •                             Genus: Loxostege
  •                                 Species: Loxostege sticticalis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

ChinaRestricted distributionSun and Chen, 1995
-HebeiWidespreadSun and Chen, 1995
-HeilongjiangWidespreadSun and Chen, 1995
-JilinWidespreadSun and Chen, 1995
-LiaoningWidespreadSun and Chen, 1995
-Nei MengguWidespreadSun and Chen, 1995
-NingxiaRestricted distributionSun and Chen, 1995
-ShandongPresent, few occurrencesSun and Chen, 1995
-ShanxiRestricted distributionSun and Chen, 1995
KazakhstanWidespreadShek and Telepa, 1981
MongoliaWidespreadMatov and Chimidtseren, 1984
TajikistanWidespreadSukhoruchenko et al., 1991
TurkmenistanWidespreadKrasil'nikova, 1981

North America

CanadaPresent, few occurrencesAllyson, 1976
-AlbertaWidespreadStruble and Lilly, 1977

Europe

BulgariaWidespreadPopov, 1979
ItalyRestricted distributionCaporale, 1970
NetherlandsWidespreadde and Vos Rutten, 1996
RomaniaWidespreadNadejde et al., 1975
Russian FederationPresentTribel', 1976
-Central RussiaWidespreadMakarova and Doronina, 1985
-Eastern SiberiaWidespreadBykova, 1985
-Russian Far EastWidespreadSukhoruchenko et al., 1991
-Southern RussiaWidespreadMakarova and Doronina, 1985
-Western SiberiaWidespreadKnor, 1990
UkraineWidespreadPetrukha & Tribel', 1974
Yugoslavia (former)WidespreadInjac, 1979; Injac, Sidor et al.; Injac, 1977

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Growing point / external feeding
Inflorescence / external feeding
Inflorescence / webbing
Leaves / external feeding
Leaves / necrotic areas
Leaves / shredding
Leaves / webbing
Stems / external feeding
Vegetative organs / external feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Agrypon flexorium Parasite Larvae
Aleiodes bicolor Parasite Larvae
Apanteles ater Parasite Larvae
Ascogaster quadridentatus Parasite Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis Pathogen Larvae USSR
Bacillus thuringiensis galleriae Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis kenyae Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. dendrolimus Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis thuringiensis Pathogen Larvae
Blondelia nigripes Parasite Larvae
Campoplex geniculatus Parasite
Campoplex patsuiketorum Parasite Pupae
Campoplex sulcatellus Parasite Pupae
Charops bicolor Parasite Larvae
Chelonus annulipes Parasite Eggs/Larvae
Clemelis pullata Parasite Larvae
Cotesia congregata Parasite Larvae
Eumea linearicornis Parasite Larvae
Euphorocera claripennis Parasite Larvae
Exorista civilis Parasite Larvae
Exorista rustica Parasite Larvae
Lespesia ciliata Parasite Larvae
Lydella grisescens Parasite Larvae
Lydella thompsoni Parasite Larvae
Machimus annulipes Predator Adults
Macrocentrus linearis Parasite Larvae
Meteorus campestris Parasite Larvae
Meteorus chrysophthalmus Parasite Larvae
Meteorus rubens Parasite Larvae
Nemorilla floralis Parasite Larvae
Nemorilla maculosa Parasite Larvae
Neopristomerus appalachianus Parasite Pupae
Pales pavida Parasite Larvae
Palesisa maculosa Parasite Larvae
Phytodietus pulcherrimus Parasite Larvae
Phytodietus rufipes Parasite Larvae
Pimpla luctuosus Parasite Larvae
Platymya mitis Parasite Larvae
Thelymyia saltuum Parasite Larvae
Trichogramma dendrolimi Parasite
Trichogramma euproctidis Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma evanescens Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma principium Parasite Eggs
Vipio vulgaris Parasite Larvae
Zenillia libatrix Parasite Larvae

References

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Akimov VI, 1976. Not a hectare of sugar-beet was lost. Zashchita Rastenii, 6:2-3.

Allyson S, 1976. North American larvae of the genus Loxostege Hubner (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae: Pyraustinae). Canadian Entomologist, 108(1):89-104

Banit VN; Mikhal'tsov VP, 1980. Trichogramma against the meadow moth. Zashchita Rastenii, 12:34.

Bykova EP, 1985. The meadow moth in eastern Siberia. Puti Avtomatizatsii Fitosanitarnoi Diagnostiki [edited by Novozhilov, K.V.] Leningrad, USSR; Vsesoyuznyi Nauchno-issledovatel'skii Institut Zashchity Rastenii, 89-99

Caporale F, 1970. Contribution to knowledge of Pyrausta (Parasitochroa) sticticalis L. (Lep. Ryralidae). Bollettino dell' Instituto di Entomologia della Universita degli studi di Bologna, 1968-9, 29:207-240.

Chen RL; Bao XZ; Wang SY; Sun YJ; Li LQ; Liu JR, 1992. An observation on the migration of meadow moth by radar. Acta Phytophylacica Sinica, 19(2):171-174

Chen RL; Wang SY; Bao XZ; Sun YJ, 1987. Study on diapause of webworm, Loxostege sticticalis L.: effects of photoperiod and temperature on development and diapause. Acta Phytophylacica Sinica, 4(4):253-258.

Dormidontova GN; Tril' OR, 1980. Harmfulness of the meadow moth on sugar-beet crops in the Krasnodar region. In: Novozhilov KV, ed. Proceedings of the All-Union Research Institute for Plant Protection. Ecological and physiological preconditions for a modern system of control of the meadow moth All-Union Lenin Academy of Agricultural Sciences Leningrad, USSR, 83-90.

Du JL; Zhao XL; Wei Q; Cui WL; Sun MJ, 1987. Tests of lava feedng quantity and damage lost rates of L. sticticalis. Bing Chong Ce Bao, 1:19-26.

Guo HS, 1987. Study of ecology of meadow moth on grasslands. Bing Chong Ce Bao, 1:121-122.

Injac M, 1977. The meadow moth (Loxostege sticticalis L.) in some localities in Serbia in 1976. Zastita Bilja, 28(2):205-216

Knor IB, 1986. The problem of outbreaks of the meadow moth in Siberia. Trudy Vsesoyuznogo Entomologicheskogo Obshchestva, 68:162-165

Knor IB, 1990. Loxostege sticticalis in the Asian part of the USSR. Zashchita Rastenii, 11:52-56.

Kornilov VG; Stroeva IA, 1980. Insecticides of chemical and biological origin for control of the meadow moth. In: Novozhilov KV, ed. Proceedings of the All-Union Research Institute for Plant Protection. Ecological and physiological preconditions for a modern system of control of the meadow moth All-Union Lenin Academy of Agricultural Sciences. Leningrad, USSR, 91-93.

Krasil'nikova GA, 1981. Topographical distribution of Microlepidoptera in south-western Turkmenia. Trudy Vsesoyuznogo Entomologicheskogo Obshchestva, 63:99-102

Lacatusu M; Voicu M, 1984. Braconid parasites of Margaritia sticticalis L. Travaux du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle 'Grigore Antipa', 25:187-190

Liu YZ; Li LF, 1986. Descriptions on tachinids of Loxostege sticticalis. Natural Enemies of Insects, 8(2):90-97

Makarova LA; Doronina GM, 1985. Prerequistes of automation of the prediction of the population dynamics of the meadow moth. Puti Avtomatizatsii Fitosanitarnoi Diagnostiki [edited by Novozhilov, K.V.] Leningrad, USSR; Vsesoyuznyi Nauchno-issledovatel'skii Institut Zashchity Rastenii, 31-42

Matov G; Chimidtseren B, 1984. The meadow moth [Loxostege sticticalis (L.)] in the Mongolian People's Republic. Zashchita Rasteni, 6:53.

Mitrofanov VB, 1980. The role of microorganisms in the dynamics of abundance of the meadow moth and the use of microbiological preparations for its control. In: Novozhilov KV, ed. Proceedings of the All-Union Research Institute for Plant Protection. Ecological and physiological preconditions for a modern system of control of the meadow moth All-Union Lenin Academy of Agricultural Sciences. Leningrad, USSR, 94-99.

Nadejde M; Pasol P; Schmidt E, 1975. Investigations on the control of steppe caterpillar (Loxostege sticticalis L.) by ultra-low-volume treatments in the conditions of the year 1975. Lucrari Stiintifice, Institutul Agronomic 'Nicolai Balcescu', A, 18/19:59-66

Naumova EN; Gorbunov BZ; Knor IB; Rozhina OV, 1994. Study of mass migration of beet-webworm moths (Loxostege sticticalis) (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae) on the basis of analysis of their elemental composition. Russian Journal of Ecology, 25(4):294-298

Omelyuta VP, 1981. Photothermal conditions of the formation of diapause in larvae of the meadow moth and the prognosis of the number of its generations. Trudy Vsesoyuznogo Entomologicheskogo Obshchestva, 63:170-171

Omelyuta VP; Nadvornaya LS, 1980. Parasites of the beet-webworm - Pyrausta sticticalis L. (Lepidoptera, Pyraustidae) in the Ukraine. Vestnik Zoologii, 2:89-90.

Petrukha OI; Tribel' SA, 1974. Loxostege sticticalis in the Ukraine. Zashchita Rastenii, 4:40-43.

Polyakov IYa; Makarova LA, 1976. Causes of migrations of the meadow moth. Zashchita Rastenii, 11:43-44.

Popov P, 1979. A new pest of fennel. Rastitelna Zashchita, 27(10):26

Pushkarev BV; Mikhal'tsev VP, 1979. A means of mass release. Zashchita Rastenii, 12:32.

Shek GKh; Telepa NG, 1981. The meadow moth in Kazakhstan. Zashchita Rastenii, 6:23-24.

Sidor C; Zamola B; Dusanic L; Valles P; Kajfez F, 1979. Susceptibility of the sugar-beet webworm to preparations of Bacillus thuringiensis. Informatore Fitopatologico, 29(6):29-34

Struble DL; Lilly CE, 1977. An attractant for the beet webworm, Loxostege sticticalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Canadian Entomologist, 109(2):261-266

Sukhoruchenko GI; Kapitan AI; Serebrennikova NI, 1991. Optimization of the range of control measures used against soyabean pests. Ekologicheskie osnovy primeneniya insektoakaritsidov St. Petersburg, Russia: VIZR, 103-110.

Sun YJ; Chen RL, 1995. Migration, occurrent region and life-history of meadow moth, Loxostege sticticalis L., in China. Acta Agricultural Boreali Sinica, 10(4):86-91.

Tribel' SA, 1976. Phenology of the meadow moth. Zashchita Rastenii, 4:40-41.

Vos RD; Rutten ALM, 1996. Migrating Lepidoptera in 1995 (fifty-sixth report). Entomologische Berichten, 56(12):177-191.

Vos Rde; Rutten ALM, 1995. Migrating Lepidoptera in 1992 (fifty-third report). Entomologische Berichten, 55(3):37-46; 7 ref.

Wei Q; Cui WL; Du JL; Sun MJ; Zhao XL; Gu CY; Liang CY; Zhang GZ; Li CX; Huang ZF; Jia ZY, 1987. Researches on occurrence, forecast and integrate control of meadow moth in Heilongjiang province, China. Bing Chong Ce Bao, 1:98-107.

Distribution Maps

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