Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Richardia brasiliensis
(white-eye (Australia))

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Datasheet

Richardia brasiliensis (white-eye (Australia))

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Richardia brasiliensis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • white-eye (Australia)
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Richardia brasiliensis; flowering plants.
TitleFlowering plants
CaptionRichardia brasiliensis; flowering plants.
Copyright©Chris Parker/Bristol, UK
Richardia brasiliensis; flowering plants.
Flowering plantsRichardia brasiliensis; flowering plants.©Chris Parker/Bristol, UK
Close-up of flowering plants.
TitleFlowering plants
CaptionClose-up of flowering plants.
Copyright©Chris Parker/Bristol, UK
Close-up of flowering plants.
Flowering plantsClose-up of flowering plants.©Chris Parker/Bristol, UK
Mature plant parts of R. brasiliensis, from Brisbane, Australia.  Note small flowers, arrowed.
TitleMature plant
CaptionMature plant parts of R. brasiliensis, from Brisbane, Australia. Note small flowers, arrowed.
CopyrightJohn T. Swarbrick
Mature plant parts of R. brasiliensis, from Brisbane, Australia.  Note small flowers, arrowed.
Mature plantMature plant parts of R. brasiliensis, from Brisbane, Australia. Note small flowers, arrowed.John T. Swarbrick
a. flower; b. style; c. capsule; d. seed, two views, and its granulae among the irregularly tuberculate testa (enlarged).
TitleLine artwork of R. brasiliensis
Captiona. flower; b. style; c. capsule; d. seed, two views, and its granulae among the irregularly tuberculate testa (enlarged).
CopyrightSEAMEO-BIOTROP
a. flower; b. style; c. capsule; d. seed, two views, and its granulae among the irregularly tuberculate testa (enlarged).
Line artwork of R. brasiliensisa. flower; b. style; c. capsule; d. seed, two views, and its granulae among the irregularly tuberculate testa (enlarged).SEAMEO-BIOTROP

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Richardia brasiliensis Gomes (1801)

Preferred Common Name

  • white-eye (Australia)

Other Scientific Names

  • Richardia pilosa Ruia & Pav. (1802)
  • Richardia rosea (St Hil.) Schult. (1829)
  • Richardsonia brasiliensis (Gomez) Hayne (1822)
  • Richardsonia emetica Mart.
  • Richardsonia rosea St Hil.
  • Richardsonia scabra St Hil. (1827)
  • Spermacoce hexandra A. Rich.

International Common Names

  • English: Mexican clover; Mexican Richardia; tropical Richardia
  • Spanish: garro (Cuba); hierba de la arana (Bolivia); hierba del pollo (Argentina); ponte en cruz; yerba del pato (Argentina)

Local Common Names

  • Brazil: brazil pusley; poaia; poaia branca
  • Indonesia: Brazil callalily; ceuli anjing; goletrak; goletrak beuti; jemprah; jemprak; jukut babi; jukut bagong; susukam
  • South Africa: meksikaanse klawer; meksikaanse Richardia; tropiese Richardia
  • Thailand: pursley; yaa thaa phra
  • USA/Hawaii: Richardsonia

EPPO code

  • RCHBR (Richardia brasiliensis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Gentianales
  •                         Family: Rubiaceae
  •                             Genus: Richardia
  •                                 Species: Richardia brasiliensis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Curvularia richardiae Pathogen Lisboa et al., 2014

References

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Bacchi O; Filho H de FL; Aranha C, 1984. Plantas Invasoras de Culturas. Vol. 3. Camoinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil: Instituto Camineiro de Ensino Agricola, 831-834.

Blanco HG; Barbosa JC; Oliveira DA, 1984. Competition between weeds and a sugarcane crop (Saccharum sp.). IV. Competition period caused by a natural weed community in an eighteen month crop. Biologico, 50(10):237-245.

Carmona R, 1995. Soil seed banks and the establishment of weeds in agro-ecosystems. Planta Daninha, 13(1):3-9.

Chaw SM; Sivarajan VV, 1989. Seed coat micromorphology of some Asiatic Spermacocep (Rubiaceae). Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica, 30(1):15-24.

Conklin AR; Biswas PK, 1978. A survey of asymbiotic nitrogen fixation in the rhizosphere of weeds. Weed Science, 26(2):148-150.

Cruz LSP; Gobbo CRLS; Sigrist Neto AA, 1982. Weed control in rubber (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg.) plantations with napropamide alone and in mixtures with simazine. Abstracts of the XIV Brazilian congress on herbicides and herbaceous weeds (SBHED) and the VI congress of the Latin American Weed Association (ALAM), 1982 Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil, 95-96.

Dubey SC, 1994. Richardia brasiliensis, a new host of Thanatephorus cucumeris. Plant Disease Research, 9(2):180-181; [1 tab.].

Enyinnia T, 1992. Chemical weed control in rainfed upland rice in Nigeria. Tropical Pest Management, 38(4):408-410.

Everaarts AP, 1981. Weeds of vegetables in the highlands of Java. Weeds of vegetables in the highlands of Java. Horticultural Research Institute. Pasarminggu, Jakarta Indonesia, 121 pp.

Fleck NG; Mengarda IP; Pinto JJO, 1989. Weed interference in sunflower. Competition in space. Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira, 24(9):1131-1137.

Grant PJ, 1977. Seeding of legumes on weed-free and weed-infested cultivated land. Salisbury, Rhodesia: Department of Research and Specialist Services, Division of Livestock and Pastures, Annual report 1975-76, 168-169.

Groth D, 1980. Botanical identification of plants and seeds of weeds in soyabean crops. Revista Brasileira de Sementes, 2(3):59-95.

Hamilton K, 1997. PESKEM - USES - PESTS: The Australian Directory of Registered Pesticides and their Uses. 15th edition. Gatton, Queensland, Australia: University of Queensland.

Haselwood EL; Motter GG, 1966. Handbook of Hawaiian weeds [ed. by Haselwood EL, Motter GG]. Honolulu, HI, USA: Experiment Station/Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association, 479 pp.

Hnatiuk RJ, 1990. Census of Australian Vascular Plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series Number 11. Canberra, Australia: Australian Government Publishing Service.

Holm LG; Pancho JV; Herberger JP; Plucknett DL, 1991. A Geographic Atlas of World Weeds. Malabar, Florida, USA: Krieger Publishing Company.

Ivens GW; Moody K; Egunjobi JK, 1978. West African Weeds. Ibadan, Nigeria: Oxford University Press, 178-179.

Kostermans AJGH; Wirjahardja S; Dekker RJ, 1987. The weeds: description, ecology and control. Weeds of rice in Indonesia [edited by Soerjani, M.; Kostermans, A.J.G.H.; Tjitrosoepomo, G.] Jakarta, Indonesia; Balai Pustaka, 24-565

Labrada R, 1975. Some aspects of the incidence of weeds in Cuba. PANS, 21(3):308-312.

Lisboa WS; Duarte LL; Barreto RW, 2014. First report of Curvularia richardiae causing leaf blight on Richardia brasiliensis in Brazil. Plant Disease, 98(12):1740. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Lorenzi H, 1982. Weeds of Brazil, terrestrial and aquatic, parasitic, poisonous and medicinal. (Plantas daninhas de Brasil, terrestres, aquaticas, parasitas, toxicas e medicinais.) Nova Odessa, Brazil: H. Lorenzi, 425 pp.

Lorenzi H, 1986. Manual de Identificacao e Controle de Plantas Daninhas. Nova Idessa, Sao Paulo, Brazil: H Lorenzi.

Machado Neto JG; Lusvarghi HN, 1980. Effects of different rates of glyphosate on weed communities in crops. Resumos XIII Congresso Brasileiro de Herbicidas e Ervas Daninhas, Bahia, 1980., 118-119.

Mascarenhas MHT; Laca-Buendia JP; Brandao M; Lara JFR, 1995. Weeds rarely mentioned as infesting wetlands in Minas Gerais, Brazil. Daphne, Revista do Herba^acute~rio PAMG da EPAMIG, 5(1):72-78; 18 ref.

Noda K; Teerawatsakul M; Prakongvongs C; Chaiwiratnukul L, 1985. Major Weeds in Thailand. Bangkok, Thailand: Department of Agriculture.

Paul KB; Crayton JL; Biswas PK, 1976. Germination behaviour of Florida pusley seeds. 2. Effects of germination-stimulating chemicals. Weed Science, 24(4):349-352.

Rafey A; Prasad K, 1995. Influence of weed-management practices in pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) intercropped with upland rice (Oryza sativa). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 65(4):281-282; 1 ref.

Reis EM, 1982. Survey of cultivated, native and weed plants, hosts of fungi that cause root rots on winter cereals and other crops. Summa Phytopathologica, 8(1/2):134-140.

Richards PVM; Schwerzel PJ; Lindert HJA van; Budd GD; Oosterman HM, 1978. Herbicide evaluation. Rhodesia, Agronomy Institute, Weed Research Team: Annual report 1975-77. Salisbury, Zimbabwe: Department of Research and Specialist Services, 11-24.

Santos CAL dos; Garcia B H, 1983. Weeds and herbicides on rice (Oryza sativa L.) crops: trials by the herbicide section for the period 1965 to 1982. Biologico, 49(6):131-152

Verdcourt B, 1989. 94. Rubiaceae. In: Launert E, ed. Flora Zambesiaca. Volume 5, Part 1. London, UK: Flora Zambesiaca Management Committee, 1-210.

Waterhouse DF, 1993. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. ACIAR Monograph No. 21. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp.

Wells MJ; Balsinhas AA; Joffe H; Engelbrecht VM; Harding G; Stirton CH, 1986. A catalogue of problem plants in South Africa. Memoirs of the botanical survey of South Africa No 53. Pretoria, South Africa: Botanical Research Institute.

Distribution References

Bacchi O, Filho H de FL, Aranha C, 1984. (Plantas Invasoras de Culturas)., 3 Camoinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil: Instituto Camineiro de Ensino Agricola. 831-834.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Cruz L S P, Gobbo C R L S, Sigrist Neto A A, Undated. Weed control in rubber (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg.) plantations with napropamide alone and in mixtures with simazine. (Controle de plantas daninhas em seringueiras (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg.) com napropamide e suas misturas com simazine.). In: Abstracts of the XIV Brazilian congress on herbicides and herbaceous weeds (SBHED) and the VI congress of the Latin American Weed Association (ALAM), Campinas, 1982. [Abstracts of the XIV Brazilian congress on herbicides and herbaceous weeds (SBHED) and the VI congress of the Latin American Weed Association (ALAM), Campinas, 1982.], Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil: 95-96.

Enyinnia T, 1992. Chemical weed control in rainfed upland rice in Nigeria. Tropical Pest Management. 38 (4), 408-410.

Everaarts A P, 1981. Weeds of vegetables in the highlands of Java. In: Weeds of vegetables in the highlands of Java. Pasarminggu, Jakarta, Indonesia: Horticultural Research Institute. 121 pp.

Grant P J, 1977. Seeding of legumes on weed-free and weed-infested cultivated land. In: Rhodesia, Department of Research and Specialist Services, Division of Livestock and Pastures: Annual report 1975-76. Salisbury, Rhodesia: Department of Research and Specialist Services. 168-169.

Groth D, 1980. Botanical identification of plants and seeds of weeds in soyabean crops. (Identificacao botanica de plantas e sementes de especies invasoras na cultura da soja.). Revista Brasileira de Sementes. 2 (3), 59-95.

Hnatiuk R J, 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. In: Census of Australian vascular plants. Canberra, Australia: Australian Government Publishing Service (AGPS). xvi + 650 pp.

Holm L G, Pancho J V, Herberger J P, Plucknett D L, 1991. A geographic atlas of world weeds. Malabar, Florida, USA: Krieger Publishing Co. 391 pp.

Ivens GW, Moody K, Egunjobi JK, 1978. West African Weeds., Ibadan, Nigeria: Oxford University Press. 178-179.

Labrada R, 1975. Some aspects of the incidence of weeds in Cuba. PANS. 21 (3), 308-312.

Lorenzi H, 1982. Plantas daninhas de Brasil, terrestres, aquaticas, parasitas, toxicas e medicinais. Nova Odessa, Brazil: H. Lorenzi. 425 pp.

Mascarenhas M H T, Laca-Buendia J P, Brandão M, Lara J F R, 1995. Weeds rarely mentioned as infesting wetlands in Minas Gerais, Brazil. (Plantas daninhas raramente mencionadas como infestantes de várzeas em Minas Gerais, Brasil.). Daphne, Revista do Herbário PAMG da EPAMIG. 5 (1), 72-78.

Noda K, Teerawatsakul M, Prakongvongs C, Chaiwiratnukul L, 1985. Major Weeds in Thailand., Bangkok, Thailand: Department of Agriculture.

Richards P V M, Schwerzel P J, Lindert H J A van, Budd G D, Oosterman H M, 1978. Herbicide evaluation. In: Rhodesia, Agronomy Institute, Weed Research Team: Annual report 1975-77. Salisbury, Rhodesia: Department of Research and Specialist Services. 11-24.

Verdcourt B, 1989. 94. Rubiaceae. In: Flora Zambesiaca, 5 (1) [ed. by Launert E]. London, UK: Flora Zambesiaca Management Committee. 1-210.

Waterhouse D F, 1993. The major arthropod pests and weeds of agriculture in Southeast Asia. Canberra, Australia: ACIAR. v + 141 pp.

Wells M J, Balsinhas A A, Joffe H, Engelbrecht V M, Harding G, Stirton C H, 1986. A catalogue of problem plants in southern Africa incorporating the national weed list of South Africa. Memoirs, Botanical Survey of South Africa. v + 658pp.

Distribution Maps

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