Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Lotus corniculatus
(bird's-foot trefoil)



Lotus corniculatus (bird's-foot trefoil)


  • Last modified
  • 28 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Lotus corniculatus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • bird's-foot trefoil
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Honey/honey flora
  • Poisonous to mammals
  • Soil improvement
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    CAB International
    OX10 8DE

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report


Top of page


Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Lotus corniculatus

Preferred Common Name

  • bird's-foot trefoil

International Common Names

  • English: Birdsfoot trefoil; common birdsfoottrefoil
  • Spanish: Cuernecillo; Loto corniculado
  • French: Lotier cornicule
  • Portuguese: cornichao

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Gemeiner Hornklee; Horn- Schotenklee
  • Italy: Ginestrina; Trifoglio giallo
  • Netherlands: gewone Rolklaver
  • Sweden: Kaeringgigel

EPPO code

  • LOTCO (Lotus corniculatus)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Fabales
  •                         Family: Fabaceae
  •                             Subfamily: Faboideae
  •                                 Genus: Lotus
  •                                     Species: Lotus corniculatus

List of Pests

Top of page

Major host of:

Adelphocoris lineolatus (lucerne bug); Cirsium arvense (creeping thistle); Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. insidiosus (bacterial lucerne wilt); Hibiscus trionum (Venice mallow); Plebejus argus (silver-studded blue butterfly); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Pratylenchus vulnus (walnut root lesion nematode)

Minor host of:

Aphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm); Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Cochliobolus sativus (root and foot rot); Gonioctena fornicata (lucerne leaf-beetle); Longidorus (longidorids); Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode); Orobanche minor (common broomrape); Phomopsis longicolla (pod and stem blight); Polygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed); Pseudomonas viridiflava (bacterial leaf blight of tomato (USA)); Sitona hispidulus (clover weevil); Sitona lepidus (clover root weevil); Sitona lineatus (pea leaf weevil); Tomato ringspot virus (ringspot of tomato)

Wild host of:

Acyrthosiphon pisum (pea aphid); Alfalfa mosaic virus (alfalfa yellow spot); Chalara elegans (black root rot); Cucumber mosaic virus (cucumber mosaic); Cuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)

Associated with (not a host):

Candidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma); Theba pisana (white garden snail)

Host of (source - data mining):

Bruchophagus platypterus; Epiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth); Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Gibberella acuminata (stalk rot of maize); Gibberella intricans (damping-off of safflower); Mycoleptodiscus terrestris (crown rot: legumes); Plagiognathus chrysanthemi; Polyommatus icarus; Uromyces striatus (rust: alfalfa); Zygaena filipendulae

Uses List

Top of page

Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed


  • Soil improvement

Human food and beverage

  • Honey/honey flora


  • Poisonous to mammals