Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Lopholeucaspis japonica
(Japanese baton shaped scale)

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Datasheet

Lopholeucaspis japonica (Japanese baton shaped scale)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 16 November 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Lopholeucaspis japonica
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Japanese baton shaped scale
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
(1) female shield, (2) female puparium, (3) oviposition in puparium, (4) ventral view of female, (5) male, (6) larva I, (7) female pygidium, (8) scale colony on pear, (9) scale colony on pear branch.
TitleArtwork of life history
Caption(1) female shield, (2) female puparium, (3) oviposition in puparium, (4) ventral view of female, (5) male, (6) larva I, (7) female pygidium, (8) scale colony on pear, (9) scale colony on pear branch.
CopyrightMinistry of Agriculture, Moscow
(1) female shield, (2) female puparium, (3) oviposition in puparium, (4) ventral view of female, (5) male, (6) larva I, (7) female pygidium, (8) scale colony on pear, (9) scale colony on pear branch.
Artwork of life history(1) female shield, (2) female puparium, (3) oviposition in puparium, (4) ventral view of female, (5) male, (6) larva I, (7) female pygidium, (8) scale colony on pear, (9) scale colony on pear branch.Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Lopholeucaspis japonica (Cockerell, 1897)

Preferred Common Name

  • Japanese baton shaped scale

Other Scientific Names

  • Fiorinia japonica
  • Leucaspis japonica Cockerell
  • Leucaspis japonica var. darwinensis Green (1916)
  • Leucodiaspis hydrangeae Takahashi (1934)
  • Leucodiaspis japonica (Cockerell) Takahashi (1934)
  • Lopholeucaspis japonica (Cockerell) Balachowsky (1953)
  • Lopholeucaspis menoni Borchsenius (1964)

International Common Names

  • English: Japanese long scale; Japanese maple scale; pear white scale
  • French: kermès japonais
  • Russian: Yaponskaya palochkovidnaya shchitovka

Local Common Names

  • Japan: nasi-siro-nagakaigaramusi

EPPO code

  • LOPLJA (Lopholeucaspis japonica)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hemiptera
  •                         Suborder: Sternorrhyncha
  •                             Unknown: Coccoidea
  •                                 Family: Diaspididae
  •                                     Genus: Lopholeucaspis
  •                                         Species: Lopholeucaspis japonica

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

AzerbaijanPresentCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
BangladeshPresentNHM, 1961
ChinaWidespreadCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-AnhuiWidespreadCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-FujianWidespreadCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-GuangdongRestricted distributionCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-GuangxiRestricted distributionCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-HubeiWidespreadCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-HunanRestricted distributionCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-JiangsuWidespreadCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-JiangxiWidespreadCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-ShanxiPresentXie, 1982
-SichuanWidespreadCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-YunnanRestricted distributionCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-ZhejiangWidespreadCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
Georgia (Republic of)Restricted distributionDanzig, 1980; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
IndiaRestricted distributionCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-Andhra PradeshPresentEPPO, 2014
-DelhiPresentNHM, 1969
-KarnatakaPresentNHM, 1982
-Uttar PradeshPresentNHM, 1982; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
IranPresentDavidson and Miller, 1990; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
JapanWidespreadCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-HokkaidoWidespreadDanzig, 1980; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-HonshuWidespreadDanzig, 1980; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-KyushuWidespreadDanzig, 1980; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-ShikokuWidespreadDanzig, 1980; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
Korea, DPRPresentDanzig, 1980; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
Korea, Republic ofPresentCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
MyanmarAbsent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
PakistanPresentNHM 1962, 1967; NHM 1962, 1975; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
TaiwanRestricted distributionDanzig, 1980; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
TurkeyPresentEPPO, 2014

North America

USARestricted distributionCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-ConnecticutPresentKosztarab, 1996; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-DelawarePresentKosztarab, 1996
-District of ColumbiaPresentKosztarab, 1996
-GeorgiaPresentMiller, 1985
-MarylandPresent, few occurrencesKosztarab, 1996; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-New JerseyPresentKosztarab, 1996
-New YorkPresentKosztarab, 1996
-North CarolinaPresentMiller, 1985
-PennsylvaniaPresentKosztarab, 1996
-Rhode IslandPresentKosztarab, 1996
-South CarolinaPresentMiller, 1985
-VirginiaPresentKosztarab, 1996

South America

BrazilAbsent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014

Europe

CroatiaPresentMilek and Simala, 2013
GermanyAbsent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
GreecePresentEPPO, 2014
NetherlandsAbsent, confirmed by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands, 2013; EPPO, 2014
Russian FederationRestricted distributionCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-Russian Far EastPresentYasnosh, 1994; CAB European, 1998; Danzig and Pellizzari, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-Southern RussiaRestricted distributionCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
SlovakiaAbsent, intercepted onlyCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
UkraineRestricted distributionCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014

Oceania

AustraliaAbsent, formerly present1916CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-Australian Northern TerritoryAbsent, formerly presentCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014

Habitat List

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CategorySub-CategoryHabitatPresenceStatus
Terrestrial

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Post-harvest, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Leaves / abnormal leaf fall
Leaves / external feeding
Leaves / yellowed or dead
Stems / dieback
Stems / external feeding
Whole plant / early senescence
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Aphytis hispanicus Parasite
Aschersonia sp. Pathogen
Chilocorus bijugus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Marlattiella prima Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Pteroptrix chinensis Parasite Adults/Nymphs USSR

Pathway Vectors

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VectorNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Clothing, footwear and possessions Yes
Land vehiclesAir and surface transport of ornamental and crop plant material. Yes

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Bark adults; eggs; larvae; nymphs; pupae Yes Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches adults; eggs; larvae; nymphs; pupae Yes Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Growing medium accompanying plants
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

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Alan MN; Katsitadze MG, 1974. The effectiveness of Amiphos and Cyanox against pests of sub-tropical crops. Khimiya v Sel'skom Khozyaistve, 12:42.

Balachowsky AS, 1958. Les cochenilles du continent Africain noir. Vol. II - Aspidiotini (2me partie), Odonaspidini et Parlatorini. Annales du MusTe Royal du Congo Belge, Tervuren (N.S. in 4o) 4:149-356.

Bienkowski AO, 1993. Morphology and systematics of the adult male of Lopholeucaspis japonica (Cockerell) (Coccinea Diaspididae). Russian Entomological Journal, 2(2):25-29; 7 ref.

CABI/EPPO, 1998. Distribution maps of quarantine pests for Europe (edited by Smith IM, Charles LMF). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, xviii + 768 pp.

Chanyuvadze HF, 1976. The Indian Chilocorus - a predator of diaspine scales. Zashchita Rastenii, No. 4:51

Dale PS; Maddison PA, 1984. Transport services as an aid to insect dispersal in the South Pacific. In: Laird M, ed. Commerce and the spread of pests and disease vectors. New York, USA: Prpger Publishers, 225-256

Dantsig EM, 1993. Fauna of Russia and neighbouring countries. Rhynchota, Volume X: suborder scale insects (Coccinea): families Phoenicococcidae and Diaspididae. St Petersburg, Russia; Nauka, S.-Peterburgskoe Otdelenie, 452 pp.

Danzig EM, 1980. Coccids of the far-eastern USSR. Leningrad, Russia: Nauka. English translation, 1986. United States Department of Agriculture. New Delhi, India: Amerind Publishing Co.

Danzig EM; Pellizzari G, 1998. Diaspididae. In: Kozßr F, ed. Catalogue of Palaearctic Coccoidea. Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Budapest, Hungary: Akaprint Nyomdaipari Kft., 172-370.

Davidson JA; Miller DR, 1990. Ornamental plants. In: Rosen D, ed. Armoured Scale Insects, their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. Vol. 4B. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier, 603-632.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Izhevskii SS, 1983. Status and tasks of introduction and acclimatisation of natural enemies of quarantine and particularly dangerous pests. Zashchita Rastenii, 10:35-37.

Konstantinova GM, 1992. The Japanese scale. Zashchita Rastenii^breve~ (Moskva), No. 7:43-45.

Konstantinova GM; Gura NA, 1986. Harmful coccids (Homoptera: Coccinea) and their quarantine importance. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Entomologia Agraria "Filippo Silvestri", Italy, 43(Supplement):161-165

Kosztarab M, 1996. Scale Insects of North Eastern North America: identification, biology, and distribution. Martinsville, USA: Virginia Museum of Natural History, 650 pp.

Kozarzheveskaia EF, 1956. Biology of Leucaspis japonica Cockerell in Abkhazie, Caucasus. Entomologicheskoie Obozrenie, 35:302-310.

Kukhtina AV, 1970. Lopholeucaspis japonica. In: Spravochnik po Karantinnym I Drugim Opasnym Vreditelyam, Boleznyam I Sornym Rasteniyam. Moscow, Russia: Kolos.

Milek TM; Simala M, 2013. Scale insects on Japanese holly with the emphasis on Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (Cooly, 1897). (Stitaste usi Japanske bozikovine, s naglaskom na Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (Cooly, 1897) (Hemiptera: Diaspididae).) Glasilo Biljne Zastite, 13(3):215-222. http://www.hdbz.hr

Miller DR, 1985. Superfamily Coccoidea. Scale Insects. In: Drooz AT, ed., Insects of eastern forests. US Department of Agriculture Forest Service Miscellaneous Publication, Washington, DC, 1426: 87-123.

Murakami Y, 1970. A review of biology and ecology of diaspine scales in Japan (Homoptera: Coccoidea). MUSHI, 43(7):65-114.

Orlinskii AD, 1990. Express method of counting arthropods on citrus. Zashchita Rastenii (Moskva), No. 2:28-29

Pellizzari G; Vettorazzo M, 1999. Interception of Lopholeucaspis japonica on bonsai imported from China. Informatore Fitopatologico, 49(10):17-18; 15 ref.

Schmutterer H, 1959. SchildlSuse oder Coccoidea. 1. DeckelschildlSuse oder Diaspididae. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands und der angrenzenden Meeresteile. Vol. 45. Jena, Germany: Fischer.

Shumova NN, 1970. Spravochnik po karantinnym i drugim opasnym vreditelyam, boleznyam I sornym rasteniyam. Moscow, Russia: Kolos.

Tabatadze ES; Yasnosh VA; Vacante V, 1997. Control measures of Lopholeucaspis japonica Cockerell (Homoptera: Coccinea) through integrated citrus pest management. In: Integrated Control of Citrus Fruit Crops. Proceedings of the meeting held at Florence, Italy, 29 August 1996. Bulletin OILB SROP, 20:45-51.

Xie Y, 1982. The scale insects of the forest and fruit trees in Shanxi of China. China Forestry Publishing House, 147 pp.

Yasnosh VA, 1986. Integrated control of scale insects in citrus groves in USSR. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Entomologia Agraria "Filippo Silvestri", Italy, 43(Supplement):229-234

Yasnosh VA, 1994. Two new species of aphelinids (Hymenoptera, Aphelinidae) from the southern Primor'e. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie, 73(4):902-905

Yasnosh VA; Tabatadze ES, 1997. Fungi of the genus Aschersonia (Deuteromycetes) - a new entomopathogen of armoured scale insect in the Republic of Georgia. Mikologiya i Fitopatologiya, 31(6):59-63; 13 ref.

Zheng JinTu; Xia YiQiu; Zhou YueYi, 1993. Forecasting the optimum control date for the first generation of pear white scale with the comprehensive correlation method. China Tea, 15(1):14-15.

Distribution Maps

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