Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Linum usitatissimum
(flax)

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Datasheet

Linum usitatissimum (flax)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 28 November 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Linum usitatissimum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • flax
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Uses List
  • Essential oils
  • Fibre
  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Lipids
  • Oil/fat

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
TitleFlax during early flowering growth stage
Caption
CopyrightDaryl Ehrensing/Oregon State University
Flax during early flowering growth stageDaryl Ehrensing/Oregon State University
TitleFlax during vegetative growth stage
Caption
CopyrightDaryl Ehrensing/Oregon State University
Flax during vegetative growth stageDaryl Ehrensing/Oregon State University
TitleFlax flowers
Caption
CopyrightDaryl Ehrensing/Oregon State University
Flax flowersDaryl Ehrensing/Oregon State University
TitleSack of flax seeds
Caption
CopyrightDaryl Ehrensing/Oregon State University
Sack of flax seedsDaryl Ehrensing/Oregon State University
Harvest operation showing mechanized pulling and spreading of flax prior to retting process.
TitleHarvesting
CaptionHarvest operation showing mechanized pulling and spreading of flax prior to retting process.
CopyrightDaryl Ehrensing/Oregon State University
Harvest operation showing mechanized pulling and spreading of flax prior to retting process.
HarvestingHarvest operation showing mechanized pulling and spreading of flax prior to retting process.Daryl Ehrensing/Oregon State University

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Linum usitatissimum L., 1753

Preferred Common Name

  • flax

Other Scientific Names

  • Linum angustifolium Huds.
  • Linum austriacum Linnaeus
  • Linum bienne Mill.

International Common Names

  • English: common flax; linseed
  • Spanish: lino; lino comun
  • French: lin; lin commun
  • Russian: len
  • Arabic: kotla
  • Portuguese: linho

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Echter Lein; Flachs; Lein
  • Greece: linon
  • Iran: katar
  • Italy: lino; lino comune
  • Netherlands: vlas
  • UK: llin

EPPO code

  • LIUAU (Linum austriacum)
  • LIUBI (Linum bienne)
  • LIUUT (Linum usitatissimum)

Taxonomic Tree

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List of Pests

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Major host of:

Agrotis ipsilon (black cutworm); Alternaria brassicae (dark spot of crucifers); Alternaria brassicicola (dark leaf spot of cabbage); Alternaria linicola (seedling blight of flax); Amaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed); Anagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel); Asphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed); Athelia rolfsii (sclerotium rot); Autographa gamma (silver-Y moth); Boeremia exigua var. exigua (leaf spot); Boeremia exigua var. linicola (foot rot of flax); Botryotinia fuckeliana (grey mould-rot); Cadra cautella (dried currant moth); Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse); Chamomilla recutita (common chamomile); Chenopodium album (fat hen); Cirsium arvense (creeping thistle); Colletotrichum linicola (anthracnose of flax); Convolvulus arvensis (bindweed); Discosphaerina fulvida (browning of flax); Elasmopalpus lignosellus (lesser corn stalk borer); Elymus repens (quackgrass); Euphorbia helioscopia (sun spurge); Fallopia convolvulus (black bindweed); Fumaria officinalis (common fumitory); Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lini (wilt of flax); Gibberella avenacea (Fusarium blight); Gibberella zeae (headblight of maize); Helicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm); Helicoverpa punctigera (native budworm); Heliothis virescens (tobacco budworm); Lolium temulentum (darnel); Loxostege sticticalis (beet webworm); Macrosteles quadrilineatus (aster leafhopper); Malva pusilla (round-leaved mallow); Melampsora lini (flax rust); Melampsora lini var. liniperda (flax rust); Microdochium bolleyi (root rot of maize); Mycosphaerella linicola (pasmo disease of flax); Mythimna (cutworm); Mythimna separata (paddy armyworm); Oat blue dwarf virus; Oidium lini (powdery mildew: flax); Polygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Pythium aphanidermatum (damping-off); Pythium ultimum (black-leg of seedlings); Raphanus raphanistrum (wild radish); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Setaria pumila (yellow foxtail); Setaria viridis (green foxtail); Sonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle); Spergula arvensis (corn spurry); Spodoptera litura (taro caterpillar); Thlaspi arvense (field pennycress); Thrips angusticeps (field thrips); Thrips nigropilosus (chrysanthemum thrips); Xiphinema (dagger nematode); Xiphinema americanum (dagger nematode)

Minor host of:

Acarus siro (flour mite); Alopecurus myosuroides (black-grass); Archips fuscocupreanus; Artemisia biennis (biennial wormwood); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Avena fatua (wild oat); Beet curly top virus (curly top); Beet western yellows virus (turnip (mild) yellows); Chalara elegans (black root rot); Cirsium vulgare (spear thistle); Cochliobolus sativus (root and foot rot); Conyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane); Cuscuta campestris (field dodder); Digitaria abyssinica (East African couchgrass); Edessa meditabunda (green and brown stink bug); Emex australis (Doublegee); Galium aparine (cleavers); Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus (spiral nematode); Leucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy); Leveillula taurica (powdery mildew of cotton); Lolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass); Mamestra brassicae (cabbage moth); Mamestra configurata (bertha armyworm); Meloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode); Nicandra physalodes (apple of Peru); Papaver rhoeas (common poppy); Peridroma saucia (pearly underwing moth); Phalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass); Piezodorus hybneri (legume stink bug); Poa annua (annual meadowgrass); Rachiplusia nu (sunflower looper); Rumex crispus (curled dock); Setaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail); Setaria verticillata (bristly foxtail); Spodoptera eridania (southern armyworm); Spodoptera exigua (beet armyworm); Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Stellaria media (common chickweed); Thrips flavus (honeysuckle thrips); Thysanoplusia orichalcea (slender burnished brass moth); Tribolium castaneum (red flour beetle); Tyrophagus putrescentiae (cereal mite); Veronica persica (creeping speedwell); Verticillium dahliae (verticillium wilt); Xestia c-nigrum (spotted cutworm)

Associated with (not a host):

Pseudomonas fluorescens (pink eye: potato); Pseudomonas putida (biocontrol: Erwinia spp.)

Host of (source - data mining):

Agriotes lineatus (wireworm); Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Aphthona euphorbiae (large flax flea beetle); Calocoris norvegicus (strawberry bug); Chirothrips manicatus; Cnephasia asseclana (flax tortrix, moth); Cnephasia pasiuana; Cochylis epilinana; Dasineura lini (midge, linseed); Dolycoris indicus; Euxoa ochrogaster (red-backed cutworm); Frankliniella tenuicornis; Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Heliothis peltigera; Limothrips cerealium (corn, thrips); Limothrips denticornis (barley thrips); Longitarsus parvulus (flea beetle, small flax); Lygocoris pabulinus (green capsid bug, common); Macrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid); Pleospora scrophulariae; Polygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper); Thrips linarius (flax, thrips); Thrips vulgatissimus; Vicia sativa (common vetch)

Uses List

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Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed

Human food and beverage

  • Oil/fat

Materials

  • Essential oils
  • Fibre
  • Lipids
  • Poisonous to mammals

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore