Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Listronotus bonariensis
(Argentine stem weevil)

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Datasheet

Listronotus bonariensis (Argentine stem weevil)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Listronotus bonariensis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Argentine stem weevil
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Listronotus bonariensis (Kuschel, 1955)

Preferred Common Name

  • Argentine stem weevil

Other Scientific Names

  • Hyperodes bonariensis Kuschel
  • Hyperodes griseus Marshall, 1937
  • Neobagous setosus Hustache, 1929

International Common Names

  • English: ryegrass stem weevil; shoot weevil; weevil, Argentine stem; weevil, ryegrass stem; wheat stem weevil

Local Common Names

  • France: charançon argentin des tiges
  • Spain: el gorgojo del macollo

EPPO code

  • HYROBO (Listronotus bonariensis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Curculionidae
  •                             Genus: Listronotus
  •                                 Species: Listronotus bonariensis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

South America

ArgentinaPresentKuschel, 1972; Wibmer and O'Brien, 1986; Anon, 1996; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
BoliviaPresentKuschel, 1972; Wibmer and O'Brien, 1986; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
BrazilPresentCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-Rio Grande do SulPresentEPPO, 2014
ChileWidespreadKuschel, 1972; Wibmer and O'Brien, 1986; Williams et al., 1994; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
UruguayWidespreadKuschel, 1972; Wibmer and O'Brien, 1986; Williams et al., 1994; Goldson et al., 1995; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014

Oceania

AustraliaRestricted distribution1962CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-New South WalesPresentCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-South AustraliaRestricted distributionWilliams et al., 1994; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-TasmaniaPresentHardy et al., 1979; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-VictoriaWidespreadCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
-Western AustraliaRestricted distributionCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
New ZealandWidespread1927Barker et al., 1995; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / external feeding
Leaves / yellowed or dead
Roots / reduced root system
Seeds / discolorations
Stems / external feeding
Stems / internal feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Acremonium lolii Pathogen New Zealand
Anaphes atomarium Parasite New Zealand cereals; pasture plants
Heterospilus spp. Predator/parasite Larvae
Microctonus aethiopoides Predator/parasite Adults
Microctonus hyperodae Predator/parasite Adults
Microsporidium itiiti Pathogen
Microtonus hyperodae Parasite New Zealand
Patasson atomarius Predator/parasite Adults
Sturnus vulgaris Predator

References

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Addison PJ; Barker GM; Firth AC, 1993. Thiodicarb seed treatment for the protection of seedling ryegrass from Argentine stem weevil larvae. Proceedings of the Forty Sixth New Zealand Plant Protection Conference. Rotorua, New Zealand: New Zealand Plant Protection Society, 224-227.

Ahmad R, 1977. On knowledge of Hyperodes bonariensis Kuschel (Col., Curculionidae) and its natural enemies in Argentina. Anzeiger fur Schadlingskunde Pflanzenschutz Umweltschutz, 50(10):150-151

Ahmad R, 1978. Note on breeding the Argentine stem weevil Hyperodes bonariensis (Col.: Curculionidae) and its egg parasite Patasson atomarius (Hym.: Mymaridae). Entomophaga, 23(2):161-162

Anon, 1996. The shoot weevil. Campo y Tecnologi^acute~a, 5(28):32-33.

Barker GM, 1989. Grass host preferences of Listronotus bonariensis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 82(6):1807-1816; 34 ref.

Barker GM; Addison PJ, 1995. Short term effects of intensive grazing on Listronotus bonariensis and some other epigeal invertebrates in a dairy pasture. Proceedings of the Forty Eighth New Zealand Plant Protection Conference, Angus Inn, Hastings, New Zealand, August 8-10, 1995., 247-249.

Barker GM; Addison PJ; Robertson LN, 1991. Glasshouse evaluations of seed treatments for protection of ryegrass seedlings from insect pests. In: Popay AJ, ed. Proceedings of the Forty Fourth New Zealand Weed and Pest Control Conferenc. Palmerston North, New Zealand: New Zealand Weed and Pest Control Society Inc., 189-194.

Barker GM; Firth AC, 1994. Relative susceptibility to feeding by Argentine stem weevil among warm-season weed grasses. Proceedings of the Forty Seventh New Zealand Plant Protection Conference, Waitangi Hotel, New Zealand, 9-11 August, 1994., 284-286; 12 ref.

Barker GM; Goh HH; Lyons SN; Addison PJ, 1991. Comparative pathogenicity to Argentine stem weevil of Beauveria bassiana from various hosts. In: Popay AJ, ed. Proceedings of the Forty Fourth New Zealand Weed and Pest Control Conference. Palmerston North, New Zealand: New Zealand Weed and Pest Control Society Inc., 214-215.

Barker GM; Pottinger RP, 1982. Preliminary studies on the population biology of Listronotus bonariensis (Kuschel) (Curculionidae). In: Lee KE, ed. Proceedings of the 3rd Australasian Conference on Grassland Invertebrate Ecology. Adelaide, Australia: South Australia Government Printer, 95-100.

Barker GM; Pottinger RP; Addison PJ, 1982. Influence of cultivation, sowing dates and the life cycle of Argentine stem weevil relative to seedling survival in maize. Proceedings of the Thirty-Fifth New Zealand Weed and Pest Control Conference. Waikato Motor Hotel, August 9th to 12th, 1982, 248-251; [3 fig.].

Barker GM; Pottinger RP; Addison PJ, 1984. Effect of Argentine stem weevil on productivity of grasses in the Waikato. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 27(1):93-101

Barker GM; Pottinger RP; Addison PJ, 1989. Population dynamics of the Argentine stem weevil (Listronotus bonariensis) in pastures of Waikato, New Zealand. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 26(2):79-115

Barker GM; Prestidge RA; Pottinger RP, 1988. Reproductive phenology of Listronotus bonariensis (Kuschel) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in northern New Zealand pastures. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 78(4):659-668

Barratt BIP; Evans AA; Ferguson CM; McNeill MR; Proffitt JR; Barker GM, 1998. Curculionoidea (Insecta: Coleoptera) of New Zealand agricultural grassland and lucerne as potential non-target hosts of the parasitoids Microctonus aethiopoides Loan and Microctonus hyperodae Loan (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). New Zealand Journal of Zoology, 25(1):47-63; 31 ref.

Bell NL; Prestidge RA, 1991. The effects of the endophytic fungus Acremonium starii on feeding and oviposition of the Argentine stem weevil. In: Popay AJ, ed. Proceedings of the Forty Fourth New Zealand Weed and Pest Control Conference. Palmerston North, New Zealand: New Zealand Weed and Pest Control Society Inc., 181-184.

CABI/EPPO, 1998. Distribution maps of quarantine pests for Europe (edited by Smith IM, Charles LMF). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, xviii + 768 pp.

Carpenter A; Kain WM; Baker CJ; Sims REH, 1978. The effect of tillage technique on insect pests of seedling maize. In: Hartley MJ, ed. Proceedings of the Thirty-First New Zealand Weed and Pest Control Conference. Palmerston, North New Zealand: New Zealand Weed and Pest Control Society Inc., 89-91.

Chadwick CE, 1963. Occurrence of the Argentine stem weevil in New South Wales. Australian Journal of Science, 26:91-92.

Cromey MG; Grbavac N; Sheridan JE, 1980. Diseases and pests of cereals in the Wairarapa - a six year study. In: Hartley MJ, ed. Proceedings of the thirty-third New Zealand weed and pest control conference. Palmerston, New Zealand: New Zealand Weed and Pest Control Society Inc., 254-257.

EPPO, 1989. EPPO data sheets on quarantine organisms No. 166. Xylella fastidiosa et al. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin, 19(4):677-682

EPPO, 1990. Specific quarantine requirements. EPPO Technical Documents, No. 1008. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.

EPPO, 1992. Quarantine pests for Europe. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 210-212.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Ferro DN, ed. , 1976. New Zealand insect pests. New Zealand insect pests. Lincoln University College of Agriculture. Canterbury New Zealand, 311 pp.

Firth AC; Barker GM; Addison PJ, 1993. Susceptibility of warm-season grasses to feeding and oviposition by the Argentine stem weevil (Listronotus bonariensis). Proceedings of the Forty Sixth New Zealand Plant Protection Conference. Rotorua, New Zealand: New Zealand Plant Protection Society, 215-218.

Fletcher LR; Popay AJ; Tapper BA, 1991. Evaluation of several lolitrem-free endophyte/perennial ryegrass combinations. Proceedings of the New Zealand Grassland Association, 53:215-219; 17 ref.

Goldson SL, 1981. Reproductive diapause in the Argentine stem weevil, Listronotus bonariensis (Kuschel) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in New Zealand. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 71(2):275-287

Goldson SL, 1982. An examination of the relationship between Argentine stem weevil (Listronotus bonariensis (Kuschel)) and several of its host grasses. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 25(3):395-403

Goldson SL; Barker GM, 1995. Update on Argentine stem weevil biological control. Proceedings 47th Ruakura Dairy Farmers' Conference held at Ruakura, New Zealand, 13 June 1995., 42-46; 9 ref.

Goldson SL; Emberson RM, 1980. Relict diapause in an introduced weevil in New Zealand. Nature, UK, 286(5772):489-490

Goldson SL; McNeill MR; Proffitt JR; Hower AA, 1995. An investigation into the reproductive characteristics of Microctonus hyperodae (Hym.: Braconidae), a parasitoid of Listronotus bonariensis (Col.: Curculionidae). Entomophaga, 40(3/4):413-426; 42 ref.

Goldson SL; Penman DR, 1979. Effect of time of sowing on Argentine stem weevil (Hyperodes bonariensis Kuschel) damage in autumn-sown Tama ryegrass. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 22(2):367-371

Goldson SL; Penman DR; Pottinger RP, 1982. Computer modelling of Argentine stem weevil phenological events. New Zealand Entomologist, 7:236-238.

Goldson SL; Proffitt JR, 1991. Use of an electric blanket for winter field collection of Argentine stem weevil, Listronotus bonariensis (Kuschel) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). New Zealand Entomologist, No. 14:44-47

Hardy RJ; Terauds A; Rapley PEL; Williams MA; Ireson JE; Miller LA; Brieze-Stegeman R; McQuillan PB, 1979. Insect pest occurrences in Tasmania, 1977/78. Insect Pest Survey, Tasmanian Department of Agriculture, 11.

Hunt WF; Dymock JJ; Gaynor DL, 1988. Spring and autumn nitrogen effects on susceptibility of low-endophyte 'Grasslands Nui' ryegrass to damage by Argentine stem weevil larvae. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 31(4):389-393

Hustache A, 1926. Contribution to the study of Curculionidae of the Argentine Republic (First note). Anales del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural Bernardino Rivadavia, Buenos Aires, 34:155-261.

Jekel H, 1865. Research on the natural classification of the Curculionidae. Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France, 1864(1865), Ser. 4, 4:537-566.

Johnson RJ; Thomson NA; McCallum DA; Judd TG, 1994. An evaluation of tall fescue, phalaris and cocksfoot in mixes as an alternative to single-species pastures. Proceedings of the New Zealand Grassland Association, 56:133-138; 14 ref.

Kain WM; Wyeth TK; Gaynor DL; Slay MW, 1982. Argentine stem weevil (Hyperodes bonariensis Kuschel) resistance in perennial and hybrid ryegrasses. I. Field resistance in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.). New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 25(2):255-259

Kuschel G, 1972. The foreign Circulionoidea established in New Zealand (Insecta: Coleoptera). New Zealand Journal of Science, 15(3):273-289

Loan CC; Lloyd DC, 1974. Description and field biology of Microctonus hyperodae Loan, n. sp. (Hymenoptera:Braconidae, Euphorinae) a parasite of Hyperodes bonariensis in South America (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Entomophaga, 19(1):7-12

Mackay AG; Rowe GR, 1974. Chemical control of Argentine stem weevil in maize. In: Harley MJ, ed. Proceedings of the Twenty-seventh New Zealand Weed and Pest Control Conference. Hamilton, New Zealand: New Zealand Weed and Pest Control Society Inc., 191-193.

Malone LA, 1987. Longevity and fecundity of Argentine stem weevils, Listronotus bonariensis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), infected with Microsporidium itiiti (Protozoa: Microspora). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 50(2):113-117

Malone LA; Barker GM; Pottinger RP, 1984. Some protozoan pathogens of the Argentine stem weevil, Listronotus bonariensis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in New Zealand. New Zealand Entomologist, 8:124-127

Marvaldi AE, 1998. Larvae of South American Rhytirrhininae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Coleopterists Bulletin, 52(1):71-89; 34 ref.

May BM, 1994. An introduction to the immature stages of Australian Curculionoidea. In: Zimmerman EC, ed. Australian Weevils. Volume 2. Melbourne, Australia: CSIRO, 365-728.

O'Brien CW, 1979. Hyperodes, new synonym of Listronotus, with a checklist of Latin American species (Cylindrorhininp: Curculionidae: Coleoptera). Southwestern Entomologist, 4(4):265-268

Phillips CB; Baird DB; Goldson SL, 1997. South American origins of Microctonus hyperodae Loan (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) established in New Zealand as defined by morphometric analysis. Biocontrol Science and Technology, 7(2):247-258; 23 ref.

Popay AJ; Wyatt RT, 1995. Resistance to Argentine stem weevil in perennial ryegrass infected with endophytes producing different alkaloids. Proceedings of the Forty Eighth New Zealand Plant Protection Conference, Angus Inn, Hastings, New Zealand, August 8-10, 1995., 229-236; 12 ref.

Power RJB, 1974. Ryegrass stem weevil, Hyperodes bonariensis (Kuschel), life-cycle. Information Series, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, No. 105(2):1-2.

Prestidge RA; Badan D; Zijpp S van der; Lauren DR, 1984. Further studies on chemical control of Argentine stem weevil in northern North Island pastures. In: Hartley MJ, Popay AJ, Popay, AI, eds. Proceedings of the Thirty-Seventh New Zealand Weed and Pest Control Conference. Hastings, New Zealand: New Zealand Weed and Pest Control Society, 106-109.

Prestidge RA; Barker GM; Pottinger RP, 1991. The economic cost of Argentine stem weevil in pastures in New Zealand. In: Popay AJ, ed. Proceedings of the Forty Fourth New Zealand Weed and Pest Control Conference. Palmerston North, New Zealand: New Zealand Weed and Pest Control Society Inc., 165-170.

Prestidge RA; Marshall SL; Thom ER, 1994. The effect of Argentine stem weevil on annual ryegrass sown in February in northern New Zealand. In: Popay AJ, eds. Proceedings of the Forty Seventh New Zealand Plant Protection Conference. Rotorua, New Zealand: New Zealand Plant Protection Society, 238-243.

Prestidge RA; Popay AJ; Ball OJP, 1994. Biological control of pastoral pests using Acremonium spp. endophytes. Proceedings of the New Zealand Grassland Association, 56:33-38.

Prestidge RA; Zijpp S van der; Badan D, 1983. Chemical control of Argentine stem weevil in North Island pasture. Proceedings of the New Zealand Weed and Pest Control Conference, 36:225-228.

Prestidge RA; Zijpp S van der; Gault P, 1989. Effect of Argentine stem weevil on vigour of 'Grasslands Roa' tall fescue under dairying in the Waikato. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 32(2):291-297.

Smales TE; Ferguson CM; Guy PL, 1995. Invertebrate pests of pasture as potential plant virus vectors. Proceedings of the Forty Eighth New Zealand Plant Protection Conference, Angus Inn, Hastings, New Zealand, August 8-10, 1995., 194-198.

Thom ER; Prestidge RA, 1996. Use of Italian ryegrass on seasonal dairy farms in northern New Zealand. 1. Feed production and persistence. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 39(2):223-236; 26 ref.

Trought TET, 1976. Control of Argentine stem weevil in seedling ryegrass. Proceedings of the New Zealand Weed and Pest Control Conference, 1976, 29:203-206.

Watson RN; Wrenn NR, 1978. Argentine stem weevil control in maize. In: Hartley MJ, ed. Proceedings of the Thirty-First New Zealand Weed and Pest Control Conference. Palmerston North, New Zealand: New Zealand Weed and Pest Control Society Inc., 96-102.

Wibmer GJ; O'Brien CW, 1986. Annotated checklist of the weevils (Curculionidae sensu lato) of South America (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea). Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 39:1-563.

Williams CL; Goldson SL; Baird DB; Bullock DW, 1994. Geographical origin of an introduced insect pest, Listronotus bonariensis (Kuschel), determined by RAPD analysis. Heredity, 72(4):412-419.

Wood J, 1973. Arthropoda which have been found in starling (Sturnus vulgaris) faeces. New Zealand Entomologist, 5(2):159-162

Distribution Maps

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