Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Liriomyza bryoniae
(tomato leaf miner)

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Datasheet

Liriomyza bryoniae (tomato leaf miner)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 10 December 2020
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Liriomyza bryoniae
  • Preferred Common Name
  • tomato leaf miner
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
L. bryoniae, aedeagus. Scale bar = 0.1mm.
TitleLine artwork of L. bryoniae
CaptionL. bryoniae, aedeagus. Scale bar = 0.1mm.
CopyrightCAB International
L. bryoniae, aedeagus. Scale bar = 0.1mm.
Line artwork of L. bryoniaeL. bryoniae, aedeagus. Scale bar = 0.1mm.CAB International

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Liriomyza bryoniae Kaltenbach

Preferred Common Name

  • tomato leaf miner

Other Scientific Names

  • Agromyza bryoniae Kaltenbach
  • Liriomyza citrulla Rohdendorf
  • Liriomyza mercurialis Hering
  • Liriomyza solani Hering

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Minierfliege, Kartoffel-; Minierfliege, Tomaten-

EPPO code

  • LIRIBO (Liriomyza bryoniae)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Diptera
  •                         Family: Agromyzidae
  •                             Genus: Liriomyza
  •                                 Species: Liriomyza bryoniae

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 30 Jun 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresent
EgyptPresent
MoroccoPresent

Asia

ChinaPresent, Widespread
-AnhuiPresent, Localized
-FujianPresent, Localized
-GuangdongPresent, Localized
-GuangxiPresent, Localized
-GuizhouPresent
-HainanPresent, Localized
-HebeiPresent
-HenanPresent, Localized
-HubeiPresent, Localized
-HunanPresent, Localized
-JiangsuPresent, Localized
-JiangxiPresent, Localized
-SichuanPresent, Localized
-YunnanPresent, Localized
-ZhejiangPresent, Localized
IndiaPresent, Few occurrences
-MaharashtraPresent
IndonesiaPresent
IranPresent
IraqPresent
IsraelPresent, Localized
JapanPresent
NepalPresent
South KoreaPresent
TaiwanPresent
TurkeyPresent
TurkmenistanPresent
VietnamPresent, Localized

Europe

AlbaniaPresent
BelarusPresent
BelgiumPresent
Bosnia and HerzegovinaPresent
BulgariaPresent
CroatiaPresent
CzechiaPresent, Localized
DenmarkPresent, Localized
EstoniaPresent, Localized
FinlandPresent
FrancePresent
GermanyPresent, Localized
GreecePresent, Widespread
-CretePresent
HungaryPresent, Localized
ItalyPresent, Localized
-SicilyPresent
LatviaPresent, Localized
LithuaniaAbsent, Formerly present
MaltaPresent
MoldovaPresent
MontenegroPresentIntroducedInvasive
NetherlandsPresent
NorwayPresent, Few occurrences
PolandPresent, Localized
PortugalPresent, Localized
-AzoresPresent
RomaniaPresent
RussiaPresent
-Central RussiaPresent
-Southern RussiaPresent
-Western SiberiaPresent
SloveniaPresent, Widespread
SpainPresent
-Canary IslandsAbsent, Invalid presence record(s)
SwedenPresent, Localized
UkrainePresent
United KingdomPresent, Localized
-Channel IslandsPresent
-EnglandPresent, Localized

North America

United StatesAbsent, Invalid presence record(s)
-MassachusettsAbsent, Invalid presence record(s)

Habitat List

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CategorySub-CategoryHabitatPresenceStatus
Terrestrial

Growth Stages

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Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / internal feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Chorebus diamenes Predator/parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Chrysocharis oscinidis Parasite Netherlands
Chrysocharis pentheus Parasite Aamer and Hegazi (2014)
Chrysocharis pubicornis Predator/parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Cirrospilus vittatus Parasite
Cyrtogaster vulgaris Parasite
Dacnusa hospita Predator/parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Dacnusa maculipes Predator/parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Dacnusa sibirica Predator/parasite Arthropods|Larvae Netherlands
Diglyphus chabrias Parasite
Diglyphus isaea Predator/parasite Arthropods|Larvae Netherlands tomatoes
Diglyphus minoeus Parasite
Halticoptera Parasite Aamer and Hegazi (2014)
Halticoptera circulus Parasite Aamer and Hegazi (2014)
Hemiptarsenus varicornis Parasite
Hemiptarsenus zilahisebessi Predator/parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Neochrysocharis formosa Parasite
Opius dimidiatus Parasite Netherlands tomatoes
Opius pallipes Predator/parasite Arthropods|Larvae Russia; Netherlands
Opius phaseoli Parasite
Pediobius acantha Predator/parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Pseudopezomachus masii Parasite Aamer and Hegazi (2014)
Zagrammosoma Parasite Aamer and Hegazi (2014)

Pathway Vectors

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VectorNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Clothing, footwear and possessionsRoad/air. Yes
Land vehiclesRoad transport/air. Yes
Soil, sand and gravelRoad transport. Yes

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Growing medium accompanying plants arthropods/pupae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Leaves arthropods/eggs; arthropods/larvae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants arthropods/eggs; arthropods/larvae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Roots
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

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Aamer NA; Hegazi EM, 2014. Parasitoids of the leaf miners Liriomyza spp. (Diptera: Agromyzidae) attacking faba bean in Alexandria, Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control, 24(2):301-305. http://www.esbcp.org/index.asp

Abe, Y., Kawahara, T., 2001. Coexistence of the vegetable leafminer, Liriomyza sativae (Diptera: Agromyzidae), with L. trifolii and L. bryoniae on commercially grown tomato plants. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 36(3), 277-281. doi: 10.1303/aez.2001.277

Baliadi Y; Tengkano W, 2010. Leafminer, Liriomyza sp. (Diptera: Agromyzidae), a new pest of soybean in Indonesia. (Lalat pengorok daun, Liriomyza sp. (Diptera: Agromyzidae), hama baru pada tanaman kedelai di Indonesia.) Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian, 29(1):1-9. http://www.pustaka-deptan.go.id/publikasi/p3291101.pdf

Būda, V., Radžiutė, S., 2008. Kairomone attractant for the leafmining fly, Liriomyza bryoniae (Diptera, Agromyzidae). Zeitschrift für Naturforschung. Section C, Biosciences, 63(7/8), 615-618. http://znaturforsch.com/c.htm

CABI/EPPO, 1998. Distribution maps of quarantine pests for Europe (edited by Smith IM, Charles LMF). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, xviii + 768 pp.

CABI; EPPO, 1999. Liriomyza bryoniae. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, June. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, Map 599.

Collins DW, 1996. The separation of Liriomyza huidobrensis (Diptera: Agromyzidae) from related indigenous and non-indigenous species encountered in the United Kingdom using cellulose acetate electrophoresis. Annals of Applied Biology, 128(3):387-398; 10 ref.

Driesche RG van; Vittum P, 1987. Potential for increased use of biological control agents against greenhouse pests in Massachusetts. Research Bulletin, Massachusetts Agricultural Experiment Station, No. 718:88-111

Efremova ZA; Shrol' OYu, 1996. Review of European eulophid wasps of the genus Diglyphus Walker (Hymenoptera, Eulophidae). E^dot over~ntomologicheskoe Obozrenie, 75(2):426-437; 4 ref.

EPPO, 1990. Specific quarantine requirements. EPPO Technical Documents, No. 1008. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Ganiev IG; Ushchekov AT; Muzafarov ISh; Kalinin YuG; Emel'yanov LA, 1993. The potato leaf miner and its parasites in greenhouses of Tatarstan. Zashchita Rastenii (Moskva), No. 7:12-13.

Harakly, F. A., Assem, M. A. H., 1978. Ecological studies on the truely pests of leguminous plants in Egypt. I. Biting and chewing pests. In: Proceedings of the Fourth Conference of Pest Control, September 30 - October 3, 1978. (Part I) [Proceedings of the Fourth Conference of Pest Control, September 30 - October 3, 1978. (Part I)], Cairo, Egypt: Academy of Scientific Research and Technology and National Research Centre. 233-236.

Hendrikse A; Zucchi R; Lenteren JC van; Woets J, 1980. Dacnusa sibirica Telenga and Opius pallipes Wesmpl (Hym., Braconidae) in the control of the tomato leafminer Liriomyza bryonip Kalt. Bulletin SROP, 3:83-98.

Hussey NW; Stacey DL; Parr WJ, 1976. Control of the leaf-miner Liriomyza bryoniae within an integrated programme for the pests and diseases of tomato. Proceedings of the Eighth British Insecticide and Fungicide Conference, 17th to 20th November 1975, Hotel Metropole, Brighton, England. Volumes 1, 2 & 3. British Crop Protection Council. London UK, 109-116.

Kalutskii AL, 1992. Liriomyza bryoniae and its parasite Opius. Zashchita Rastenii (Moskva), No. 4:52-53.

Lee HS; Wen HC; Lu FM, 1990. The occurrence of Liriomyza bryoniae (Kaltenbach) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in Taiwan. Chinese Journal of Entomology, 10(2):133-142.

Linden A van der, 1986. Addition of the exotic leaf miner parasites Chrysocharis parksi and Opius dimidiatus to the native Dutch parasite complex on tomato. Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen, Rijksuniversiteit Gent, 51(3a):1009-1016.

Minkenberg OPJM; Lenteren JCvan, 1986. The leafminers Liriomyza bryonip and L. trifolii (Diptera: Agromyzidae), their parasites and host plants: a review. Agricultural University Wageningen Papers, 86(2).

Nedstam B, 1987. Biological control of Liriomyza bryonip on tomato by Cyrtogaster vulgaris and Diglyphus ispa. Bulletin SROP, 10(2):129-133.

Oudman L; Aukema B; Menken SBJ; Ulenberg SA, 1995. A procedure for identification of polyphagous Liriomyza species using enzyme electrophoresis. Bulletin OEPP, 25(1/2):349-355; 9 ref.

Poplavskaya JA, 2002. Influence of a biological preparation phytoverm, 0,2% CE on tomato leaf miner Liriomyza bryoniae (Diptera: Agromyzidae). In: Integrated systems of plant protection. The present and the Future. (Materials of the International Scientific Conference dedicated to the 90th anniversary of the birth of the Corresponding-Member of the AS RB A.L. Ambrosov and the 65th anniversary of the birth of the Academician of the AAS RB V.F. Samersov Minsk-Prilukii, 15-17 July, 2002). Minsk, Belarus: National Academy of the Republic of Belarus, 203-204.

Radonjic S; Hrncic S, 2011. An overview of invasive species on vegetables in greenhouses in southern part of Montenegro. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin [Proceedings of the IOBC/WPRS Working Group "Integrated Control in Protected crops, Temperate Climate", Sutton Scotney, UK, 18-22 September 2011.], 68:153-157. http://www.iobc-wprs.org/pub/bulletins/bulletin_2011_68_table_of_contents_abstracts.pdf

Schelt J van; Altena K, 1997. Growing tomatoes without insecticides. Proceedings of the Section Experimental and Applied Entomology of the Netherlands Entomological Society, 8:151-157.

Smith IM; McNamara DG; Scott PR; Holderness M, 1997. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization., Ed. 2:vii + 1425 pp.; many ref.

Spencer KA, 1972. Agromyzidae (Diptera) of economic importance. Agromyzidae (Diptera) of economic importance. The Hague, The, Dr. W. Junk B.V. Netherlands, xi + 418 pp.

Spencer KA, 1976. The Agromyzidae (Diptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica, 5:1-606.

Spencer KA, 1990. Host specialization in the world Agromyzidae (Diptera). Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 444 pp.

Ushchekov AT, 1994. Effect of Bactoculicide on the nightshade miner. Zashchita Rastenii (Moskva), No. 3:57.

Ushchekov AT; Muzafarov ISh; Derbysheva VA, 1994. Experience in biological control of nightshade miner in greenhouses of Tatarstan. Zashchita Rastenii (Moskva), No. 12:19-20.

Veire M van de, 1991. Control of leafminer flies in glasshouse tomatoes and lettuce with the selective insecticide cyromazine. Revue de l'Agriculture, 44(5):923-927.

Veire M van de, 1991a. Progress in IPM in glasshouse vegetables in Belgium. Bulletin SROP, 14:22-32.

Vlk, R., 1999. Distribution of quarantine leafminers Liriomyza spp. in the Czech Republic, especially their occurrence and overwintering outside glasshouses. Bulletin OEPP, 29(1/2), 85-89. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2338.1999.tb00800.x

Wardlow LR, 1984. Monitoring the activity of tomato leaf miner (Liriomyza bryonip, Kalt.) and its parasites in commercial glasshouses in southern England. Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen, Rijksuniversiteit Gent, 49(3a):781-791.

Webb RE; Smith FF, 1970. Survival of eggs of Liriomyza munda in chrysanthemums during cold storage. Journal of Economic Entomology, 63:1359-1361.

Williams EC; Macdonald OC, 1995. Critical factors required by the nematode Steinernema feltiae for the control of the leafminers Liriomyza huidobrensis, Liriomyza bryoniae and Chromatomyia syngenesiae. Annals of Applied Biology, 127(2):329-341; 29 ref.

Distribution References

Abe Y, Kawahara T, 2001. Coexistence of the vegetable leafminer, Liriomyza sativae (Diptera: Agromyzidae), with L. trifolii and L. bryoniae on commercially grown tomato plants. Applied Entomology and Zoology. 36 (3), 277-281. DOI:10.1303/aez.2001.277

Baliadi Y, Tengkano W, 2010. Leafminer, Liriomyza sp. (Diptera: Agromyzidae), a new pest of soybean in Indonesia. (Lalat pengorok daun, Liriomyza sp. (Diptera: Agromyzidae), hama baru pada tanaman kedelai di Indonesia.). Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. 29 (1), 1-9. http://www.pustaka-deptan.go.id/publikasi/p3291101.pdf

Būda V, Radžiutė S, 2008. Kairomone attractant for the leafmining fly, Liriomyza bryoniae (Diptera, Agromyzidae). Zeitschrift für Naturforschung. Section C, Biosciences. 63 (7/8), 615-618. http://znaturforsch.com/c.htm

CABI, EPPO, 1999. Liriomyza bryoniae. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 599. DOI:10.1079/DMPP/20066600599

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Djebara F, Benzahra A, Mimeche F, Saharaoui L, 2018. Diversity of entomofauna associated with greenhouse-grown tomatoes in Algiers (North Algeria). Studia Universitatis Babeș-Bolyai, Biologia. 63 (2), 139-151. DOI:10.24193/subbbiol.2018.2.11

EPPO, 2021. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO. https://gd.eppo.int/

Harakly F A, Assem M A H, 1978. Ecological studies on the truely pests of leguminous plants in Egypt. I. Biting and chewing pests. In: Proceedings of the Fourth Conference of Pest Control, September 30 - October 3, 1978. (Part I). [Proceedings of the Fourth Conference of Pest Control, September 30 - October 3, 1978. (Part I).], Cairo, Egypt: Academy of Scientific Research and Technology and National Research Centre. 233-236.

Hazini F, Zamani A A, Sasakawa M, Rakhshani E, Torabi M, 2013. A contribution to the agromyzid leaf miners (Diptera: Agromyzidae) of Kermanshah, Iran. Journal of the Entomological Research Society. 15 (3), 101-107. http://www.entomol.org

NHM, Undated. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013. Pest status of harmful organisms in the Netherlands., Wageningen, Netherlands:

Ostrauskas H, Pakalniškis S, Taluntytė L, 2005. Dipteran leafminers in the vicinity of glasshouses and plant markets in Lithuania. Bulletin OEPP. 35 (1), 73-77. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2338.2005.00808.x

Poplavskaya J A, 2002. Influence of a biological preparation phytoverm, 0,2% CE on tomato leaf miner Liriomyza bryoniae (Diptera: Agromyzidae). In: Integrated systems of plant protection. The present and the Future. (Materials of the International Scientific Conference dedicated to the 90th anniversary of the birth of the Corresponding-Member of the AS RB A.L. Ambrosov and the 65th anniversary of the birth of the Academician of the AAS RB V.F. Samersov Minsk-Prilukii, 15-17 July, 2002). Minsk, Belarus: National Academy of the Republic of Belarus. 203-204.

Radonjić S, Hrnčić S, 2011. An overview of invasive species on vegetables in greenhouses in southern part of Montenegro. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin. 153-157. http://www.iobc-wprs.org/pub/bulletins/bulletin_2011_68_table_of_contents_abstracts.pdf

Ranji H, Karimpour Y, Dousti A, 2015. A checklist of the Iranian agromyzid leaf-miner flies with 11 new records. Journal of Entomological Society of Iran. 35 (1), 45-55. http://jesi.areeo.ac.ir/article_106369_32011bc1051a99adcb785e8878b6e166.pdf

Spencer K A, 1976. The Agromyzidae (Diptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Fauna Ent. Scand. 5 (1), 1-606.

Vlk R, 1999. Distribution of quarantine leafminers Liriomyza spp. in the Czech Republic, especially their occurrence and overwintering outside glasshouses. Bulletin OEPP. 29 (1/2), 85-89. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2338.1999.tb00800.x

Distribution Maps

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