Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Litchi chinensis
(lichi)

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Datasheet

Litchi chinensis (lichi)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Litchi chinensis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • lichi
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Beverage base
  • Fuelwood
  • Ornamental
  • Windbreak

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
L. chinensis: 1, flowering branch; 2, branchlet with fruits.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
TitleLine drawing of plant
CaptionL. chinensis: 1, flowering branch; 2, branchlet with fruits. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
Copyright©PROSEA Foundation
L. chinensis: 1, flowering branch; 2, branchlet with fruits.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
Line drawing of plantL. chinensis: 1, flowering branch; 2, branchlet with fruits. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia. ©PROSEA Foundation
Fujian Province, China.
TitleOrchard trees
CaptionFujian Province, China.
Copyright©Li Jiyuan
Fujian Province, China.
Orchard treesFujian Province, China.©Li Jiyuan
TitleFruits
Caption
Copyright©Oregon State University, Dept of Nutrition & Food Management
Fruits©Oregon State University, Dept of Nutrition & Food Management
TitleFoliage
Caption
Copyright©Li Jiyuan
Foliage©Li Jiyuan

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Litchi chinensis Sonn.

Preferred Common Name

  • lichi

Other Scientific Names

  • Dimocarpus litchi Lour.
  • Euphoria didyma Blanco, nom. illeg.
  • Litchi chinensis f. glomeriflora Radlk.
  • Litchi philippinensis Radlk.
  • Litchi sinense J. Gmelin
  • Nephelium litchi Cambess., nom. illeg.

International Common Names

  • English: leechee; lici; litchee; litchi nut; litchia; lychee
  • Spanish: mamoncillo chino
  • French: cérisier de la Chine; litchi; litchi de Chine
  • Chinese: dali; danli; huoshan; jingli; lizi

Local Common Names

  • Cambodia: kuléén
  • Germany: litchibaum
  • Indonesia: litsi
  • Indonesia/Java: klèngkeng
  • Indonesia/Nusa Tenggara: kalèngkeng; lengkeng
  • Laos: ngèèw
  • Myanmar: kyet-mouk; lam yai; lin chi
  • Philippines: alupag; arupag; letsias; mamata
  • Thailand: linchee; litchi; see raaman
  • Vietnam: cây vai; tu hú; vai

EPPO code

  • LIHCH (Litchi chinensis)

Subspecies

  • Litchi chinensis subsp. chinensis
  • Litchi chinensis subsp. javensis
  • Litchi chinensis subsp. philippinensis

Trade name

  • lichi
  • lychee

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Sapindales
  •                         Family: Sapindaceae
  •                             Genus: Litchi
  •                                 Species: Litchi chinensis

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Aceria litchii (litchi gall mite); Adoretus versutus (rose beetle); Amblypelta lutescens (banana spotting bug); Amblypelta nitida (fruitspotting bug); Armillaria tabescens (armillaria root rot); Attacus atlas (atlas moth); Conopomorpha sinensis (litchi fruit borer); Coptotermes (termites); Criconemella (ring nematode); Cryptophlebia illepida (koa seedworm); Cryptophlebia ombrodelta (macadamia nut borer); Cuscuta reflexa (dodder); Epiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth); Eudocima fullonia (fruit-piercing moth); Euphorbia hirta (garden spurge); Ferrisia virgata (striped mealybug); Hemicriconemoides mangiferae; Homona coffearia (tea tortrix); Indarbela dea (bark borer); Lymantria mathura (pink gypsy moth); Lyramorpha rosea; Megalurothrips distalis; Mikania micrantha (bitter vine); Mimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant); Peronophythora litchii (downy blossom blight of litchi); Pulvinaria psidii (green shield scale); Saissetia coffeae (hemispherical scale); Statherotis discana (litchi leaf roller); Tessaratoma papillosa (litchi stink bug); Thaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth); Trichodorus (stubby root nematodes); Xiphinema americanum (dagger nematode); Xylotrupes gideon

Minor host of:

Aleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly); Anisodes illepidaria; Aonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale); Aphis gossypii (cotton aphid); Apoderus blandus (red weevil); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Bactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly); Biston suppressaria (tea looper); Brevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite); Ceratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly); Ceratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly); Ceroplastes rubens (red wax scale); Ceroplastes rusci (fig wax scale); Chaetanaphothrips orchidii (anthurium thrips); Colletotrichum siamense; Cricula trifenestrata (tea flush worm); Dudua aprobola; Erythricium salmonicolor (pink disease); Eumeta crameri (faggot worm); Euwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer); Glomerella cingulata (anthracnose); Gymnandrosoma aurantianum (citrus fruit borer); Icerya seychellarum (Seychelles scale); Indarbela quadrinotata (bark eating caterpillar); Isotenes miserana; Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth); Marasmiellus scandens (white thread blight); Monolepta australis (leaf beetle, redshouldered); Orgyia postica (cocoa tussock moth); Perixera illepidaria; Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi (Jack Beardsley mealybug); Pseudotheraptus wayi (coconut bug); Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode); Scirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips); Selenaspidus articulatus (West Indian red scale); Tylenchorhynchus claytoni (stunt nematode)

Associated with (not a host):

Bacillus subtilis; Cladosporium chlorocephalum (red spot of peony); Oligonychus biharensis

Host of (source - data mining):

Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly); Carpophilus mutilatus (flower beetle); Carpophilus obsoletus (corn sap beetle); Ceroplastes pseudoceriferus (wax scale, horned); Gatesclarkeana erotias; Gonimbrasia belina; Parasa lepida (nettle caterpillar); Pestalotiopsis mangiferae (brown spot: mango); Thysanofiorinia leei

Uses List

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Environmental

  • Agroforestry
  • Windbreak

Fuels

  • Fuelwood

General

  • Ornamental

Human food and beverage

  • Beverage base
  • Fruits
  • Honey/honey flora

Materials

  • Carved material
  • Miscellaneous materials
  • Wood/timber

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Traditional/folklore

Wood Products

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Boats

Furniture

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Beams
  • Carpentry/joinery (exterior/interior)
  • Flooring
  • For heavy construction
  • For light construction

Veneers

Woodware

  • Industrial and domestic woodware
  • Tool handles