Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Leveillula taurica
(powdery mildew of cotton)

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Datasheet

Leveillula taurica (powdery mildew of cotton)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 10 December 2020
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Leveillula taurica
  • Preferred Common Name
  • powdery mildew of cotton
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Fungi
  •     Phylum: Ascomycota
  •       Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •         Class: Leotiomycetes
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Leveillula taurica (Lév.) G. Arnaud

Preferred Common Name

  • powdery mildew of cotton

Other Scientific Names

  • Erysiphe taurica Lév.
  • Leveillula solanacearum Golovin
  • Oidiopsis taurica (Lév.) E.S. Salmon
  • Ovulariopsis cynarea (Ferraris & Massa) Ciccar.

International Common Names

  • English: powdery mildew of eggplant; powdery mildew of pepper; powdery mildew of tomato
  • Spanish: oidio
  • French: oidium du sainfoin

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Mehltau: Artischocke; Mehltau: Baumwolle; Mehltau: Eierpflanze; Mehltau: Paprika; Mehltau: Tomate

EPPO code

  • LEVETA (Leveillula taurica)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Fungi
  •         Phylum: Ascomycota
  •             Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •                 Class: Leotiomycetes
  •                     Order: Erysiphales
  •                         Family: Erysiphaceae
  •                             Genus: Leveillula
  •                                 Species: Leveillula taurica

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 17 Feb 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AngolaPresent
Côte d'IvoirePresent
EgyptPresent
EthiopiaPresent
GambiaPresent
GhanaPresent
GuineaPresent
KenyaPresent
LibyaPresent
MadagascarPresent
MalawiPresent
MauritiusPresent
MoroccoPresent
MozambiquePresent
NigerPresent
NigeriaPresent
RwandaPresent
SenegalPresent
Sierra LeonePresent
SomaliaPresent
South AfricaPresent
SudanPresent
TanzaniaPresent
TogoPresent
TunisiaPresent
UgandaPresent
ZambiaPresent
ZimbabwePresent

Asia

AfghanistanPresent
ArmeniaPresent
BhutanPresent
BruneiPresent
ChinaPresent
-XinjiangPresent
-YunnanPresent
Hong KongPresent
IndiaPresent
-Andhra PradeshPresent
-DelhiPresent
-GujaratPresent
-HaryanaPresent
-Himachal PradeshPresent
-Jammu and KashmirPresent
-KarnatakaPresent
-MaharashtraPresent
-RajasthanPresent
-Tamil NaduPresent
-Uttar PradeshPresent
IndonesiaPresent
-JavaPresent
IranPresent
IraqPresent
IsraelPresent
JapanPresent
KazakhstanPresent
KyrgyzstanPresent
LebanonPresent
MalaysiaPresent
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresent
-SabahPresent
MongoliaPresent
MyanmarPresent
NepalPresent
PakistanPresent
PhilippinesPresent
South KoreaPresent
Sri LankaPresent
SyriaPresent
TaiwanPresent
TajikistanPresent
ThailandPresent
TurkeyPresent
TurkmenistanPresent
UzbekistanPresent
YemenPresent

Europe

AlbaniaPresent
AustriaPresent
BelgiumPresent
BulgariaPresent
CyprusPresent
CzechiaPresent
CzechoslovakiaPresent
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresent
FrancePresent
-CorsicaPresent
GermanyPresent
GreecePresent
-CretePresentHeraklio area
HungaryPresent
ItalyPresent
-SicilyPresent
LithuaniaPresent
MaltaPresent
NetherlandsPresent
PolandPresent
RomaniaPresent
RussiaPresent
SlovakiaPresent
SpainPresent
-Canary IslandsPresent
SwedenPresent
SwitzerlandPresent
UkrainePresent
United KingdomPresent

North America

CanadaPresent
-British ColumbiaPresent
-OntarioPresent
CubaPresent
DominicaPresent
Dominican RepublicPresent
HondurasPresent
MexicoPresent
NicaraguaPresent
Puerto RicoPresent
United StatesPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-ArizonaPresent
-CaliforniaPresent
-FloridaPresent
-HawaiiPresent
-IdahoPresent
-IowaPresent
-MarylandPresent
-NevadaPresent
-New YorkPresent
-OklahomaPresent
-OregonPresent
-TexasPresent
-UtahPresent
-WashingtonPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresent
-QueenslandPresent
-VictoriaPresent
-Western AustraliaPresent
FijiPresent
New CaledoniaPresent
Papua New GuineaPresent
TongaPresentOriginal citation: Datf, 1973

South America

ArgentinaPresent
BoliviaPresent
BrazilPresent
-Minas GeraisPresent
-Rio de JaneiroPresent
ChilePresent
PeruPresent
VenezuelaPresent

Growth Stages

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Post-harvest

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Growing point / mycelium present
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / abnormal forms
Leaves / abnormal leaf fall
Leaves / fungal growth
Leaves / necrotic areas
Leaves / wilting
Leaves / yellowed or dead
Stems / mould growth on lesion
Stems / mycelium present

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx fungi/hyphae; fungi/spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Fruits (inc. pods) fungi/hyphae; fungi/spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Leaves fungi/hyphae; fungi/spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches fungi/hyphae; fungi/spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Growing medium accompanying plants
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

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Abdel-Azeem, A. M., Abdel-Moneim, T. S., 2009. First record of Oidiopsis taurica causing powdery mildew of Capparis spinosa in Egypt. Plant Disease, 93(5), 555. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-93-5-0555A

Abkhoo J, 2015. Powdery mildews causing fungi in Iran. Mycopath, 13(1):51-55. http://111.68.103.26/journals/index.php/mycopath/article/viewFile/673/354

Aeeinfar H, 2011. First report of Powdery mildew of Rosa persica caused by Leveillula taurica from Iran. Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology, 47(3):Pe309-Pe310, En105. http://www.ijpp.ir/article_16095.html

Aleksic Z, Aleksic D, 1976. The most important diseases of pepper in Serbia. Poljoprivreda, 23(252):17-23

Allagui MB, Palloix A, Hamza N, 1995. Evaluation of resistance and susceptibility to powdery mildew (Leveillula taurica) in pepper (Capsicum sp.) under natural epidemics in Tunisia. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 34(3):143-148; 7 ref

Al'muratov NN, Zhansugurova L, 1978. Diseases of prostrate summer cypress and their control in the south-eastern Kazakhstan. Intensifik. zemledeliya yuga i yugo-vost. Kazakhstana. Alma-Ata. USSR, 146-154

Amanturdiyev K, 1989. Pests and diseases of alchor. Uzbekiston Biologija Zhurnali, No. 1:51-53

Arnaud G, 1921. Etudes sur les champignons parasites. Annals Epiphyties, 7:1-115

Attanayake, K. P. R. N., Glawe, D. A., McPhee, K. E., Dugan, F. M., Chen, W., 2008. First report of powdery mildew of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) caused by Leveillula taurica in Washington State. Plant Health Progress, (July), 0702-01.

Ayesu-Offei EN, 1989. Formp speciales of Leveillula taurica (Lev.) Arn. infecting peppers and eggplants in Ghana. Tropical Agriculture, 66(4):355-360

Azadbakht J, Darvishnia M, Hayati J, Azadbakht N, 2013. Four new host records for powdery mildew fungi from Iran. Iranian Journal of Forest and Range Protection Research, 10(2):Pe114-Pe119, En3. http://www.rifr-ac.ir/

Bechir AM, 1993. Evaluation of pepper genotypes to Leveillula taurica Lev.(Arn.) resistance in Tunisia. Capsicum & Eggplant Newsletter, No. 12:81-82; 1 ref

Bedlan G, 1984. Important diseases of carrot. Pflanzenarzt, 37(9):140-142

Besri M, 1991. Integrated control of cryptogamic diseases of tomato in Morocco. Bulletin SROP, 14(5):187-191; 19 ref

Besri M, Hormattallah A, 1985. Occurrence and survival of Leveillula taurica, cause of tomato powdery mildew in Morocco. Phytopathologische Zeitschrift, 112(4):348-354

Billar M, 1989. Survey of alfalfa diseases in the Ghouta of Damascus, Syria, (1981, 1982, 1985 and 1986). Arab Journal of Plant Protection, 7(1):1-7; 13 ref

Boesewinkel HJ, 1980. The morphology of the imperfect states of powdery mildews (Erysiphaceae). Botanical Review, 46(2):167-224

Brand, M., Messika, Y., Elad, Y., David, D. R., Sztejnberg, A., 2009. Spray treatments combined with climate modification for the management of Leveillula taurica in sweet pepper. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 124(2), 309-329. doi: 10.1007/s10658-008-9421-z

Braun U, 1986. Taxonomic notes on some powdery mildews of various genera. Mycotaxon, 25(1):259-269

Braun U, 1987. A monograph of the Erysiphales (powdery mildews). Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia, 89:700 pp

Braun U, 1995. The powdery mildews (Erysiphales) of Europe. The powdery mildews (Erysiphales) of Europe., 337 pp.; many ref

Bubici, G., Cirulli, M., 2008. Screening and selection of eggplant and wild related species for resistance to Leveillula taurica. Euphytica, 164(2), 339-345. doi: 10.1007/s10681-008-9663-z

Buddenhagen IW, Workneh F, Bosque-Perez NA, 1988. Chickpea improvement and chickpea diseases in California. International Chickpea Newsletter, No. 19:9-10; 3 ref

Cerkauskas RF, Buonassisi A, 2003. First report of powdery mildew of greenhouse pepper caused by Leveillula taurica in British Columbia, Canada. Plant Disease, 87(9):1151

Cha JS, Ki UK, Cho BH, Kim KC, 1980. A new disease, powdery mildew, caused by Oidiopsis taurica on Capsicum spp. Korean Journal of Plant Protection, 19(4):240-242

Chen YuhKun, Chen ChingChung, Chen LungChung, 1996. Occurrence of powdery mildew on golden calla lily in Taiwan. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 62(6):580-583; 13 ref

Choi, I. Y., Jang, S. J., Oh, H. T., Shin, H. D., 2019. First report of powdery mildew caused by Leveillula taurica on Cucurbita ficifolia in Korea. Plant Disease, 103(3), 586-587. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis doi: 10.1094/pdis-07-18-1288-pdn

Clerk, G. C., Ayesu-offei, E. N., 1967. Conidia and conidial germination in Leveillula taurica (Lev.) Arn. Annals of Botany, 31(124), 749-754.

Cook CG, Riggs JL, 1995. First report of powdery mildew on kenaf caused by Leveillula taurica in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas. Plant Disease, 79(9):968

Correll JC, Gordon TR, Elliott VJ, 1987. Host range, specificity, and biometrical measurements of Leveillula taurica in California. Plant Disease, 71(3):248-251

Correll, J. C., Villarroel, M. I., McLeod, P. J., Cazon, M. I., Rivadeneria, C., 2005. First report of powdery mildew caused by Leveillula taurica on tomato and pepper in Bolivia. Plant Disease, 89(7), 776. doi: 10.1094/PD-89-0776A

Cpsar JC, Clerk GC, 1985. Germinability of Leveillula taurica (powdery mildew) conidia obtained from water-stressed pepper plants. Canadian Journal of Botany, 63(10):1681-1684

Daft GC, 1973. A supplementary list of diseases in Tonga. Technical Document, FAO Plant Protection Committee for the Southeast Asia and Pacific Region Bangkok. Thailand, No. 88:3 pp

Damicone, J. P., Sutherland, A. J., 1999. First report of pepper powdery mildew caused by Leveillula taurica in Oklahoma. Plant Disease, 83(11), 1072. doi: 10.1094/PDIS.1999.83.11.1072B

Damme PLvan, 1986. Performance of two African aubergines (Solanum pthiopicum and Solanum macrocarpon) in the Senegal river valley. Agronomie Tropicale, 41(3/4):218-230

Daubeze AM, Hennart JW, Palloix A, 1995. Resistance to Leveillula taurica in pepper (Capsicum annuum) is oligogenically controlled and stable in Mediterranean regions. Plant Breeding, 114(4):327-332

Deshpande AA, Anand N, Pathak CS, Sridhar TS, 1985. New sources of powdery mildew resistance in Capsicum species. Capsicum Newsletter, 4:75-76

Dhruj IU, Akbari LF, Khandar RR, Vaishnav MU, 1996. Effectiveness of triazole fungicides against powdery mildew of fenugreek. Plant Disease Research, 11(1):86-88; 6 ref

Diop-Bruckler M, Molot P, 1986. Interet des quelques hyperparastes dans la lutte vis-a-vis de Leveillula taurica et de Sphaerotheca fuliginea. Dijon, France: Colloque OEPP Lutte Microbiologique

Docea E, Fratila E, 1979. A new pathogen causing powdery mildew of cucumber in Romania. Lucrari Stiintifice, B, 22:165-168

Elad Y, Shtienberg D, 1994. Effect of compost water extracts on grey mould (Botrytis cinerea). Crop Protection, 13(2):109-114

Elad, Y., Messika, Y., Brand, M., David, D. R., Sztejnberg, A., 2007. Effect of colored shade nets on pepper powdery mildew (Leveillula taurica). Phytoparasitica, 35(3), 285-299. http://www.phytoparasitica.org

El-Ammari SS, Khan MW, 1983. Leveillula taurica powdery mildew on greenhouse cucumbers in Libya. Plant Disease, 67(5):553-555

El-Ammari SS, Khan MW, 1987. Identity of powdery mildews of cucurbits in Libya. Arab Journal of Plant Protection, 5(2):92-89

Fiori M, Prota VA, Carta C, Garau R, 1996. Control trials against powdery mildew on artichoke in 1994-95 in Sardinia. Difesa delle Piante, 19(1):23-26; 9 ref

Forster RL, 1989. Powdery mildew of greenhouse cucumbers and tomatoes caused by Leveillula taurica in Idaho. Plant Disease, 73(12):1020

Frisullo S, Corato Ude, Lops F, Trombetta NM, 1995. Diseases of kenaf in Basilicata. Informatore Fitopatologico, 45(1):37-41; 29 ref

Garcia-Estrada RS, Cardenas-Soriano E, Gonzalez-Hernandez V, Zavaleta-Mejia E, 1993. Infection and some physiological alterations produced by Oidiopsis taurica in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Fitopatologia, 28(1):1-9

Gelyuta VP, Taran MA, 1989. New and rare species of the microflora of the Ukrainian SSR of Leveillula Arnaud (order Erysiphales). Ukrains'kii Botanichnii Zhurnal, 46(2):56-59

Glawe DA, Toit LJdu, Pelter GQ, 2004. First report of powdery mildew on potato caused by Leveillula taurica in North America. Plant Health Progress, December:1-3. http://www.plantmanagementnetwork.org/pub/php/brief/2004/potato/

Glawe, D. A., Dugan, F. M., Liu, Y. J., Rogers, J. D., 2005. First record and characterization of a powdery mildew on a member of the Juncaginaceae: Leveillula taurica on Triglochin maritima. Mycological Progress, 4(4), 291-298. doi: 10.1007/s11557-006-0133-5

Glawe, D. A., Grove, G. G., Nelson, M., 2006. First report of powdery mildew of Gaillardia × grandiflora (Blanket flower) caused by Leveillula taurica in North America. Plant Health Progress, (January), 1-3.

Gorter GJMA, Eicker A, 1987. Additional first records of perfect stages of some powdery mildew fungi in South Africa, including a new species. South African Journal of Botany, 53(1):93-97

Guzman-Plazola, R. A., Davis, R. M., Marois, J. J., 2003. Effects of relative humidity and high temperature on spore germination and development of tomato powdery mildew (Leveillula taurica). Crop Protection, 22(10), 1157-1168. doi: 10.1016/S0261-2194(03)00157-1

Guzmán-Plazola, R. A., Fajardo-Franco, M. L., Coffey, M. D., 2011. Control of tomato powdery mildew (Leveillula taurica) in the Comarca Lagunera, Coahuila State, Mexico, supported by the spray forecast model Tomato.PM. Crop Protection, 30(8), 1006-1014. doi: 10.1016/j.cropro.2011.03.004

He G, Xu B, Song JG, Zhang LL, Zhao ZY, Wang G, 2012. First report of powdery mildew caused by Leveillula taurica on Cynanchum kashgaricum in China. Plant Disease, 96(9):1373. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Hussein MM, 1985. Root rot/wilt complex, powdery mildew, and mosaic disease of faba beans and their control. Faba beans, kabuli chickpeas, and lentils in the 1980s., 119-127; [6 tab.]; 6 ref

IMI, 1996. Leveillula taurica, Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases. Map No. 217. Wallingford, UK: CAB International

Iosifescu M, 1985. Aspects of the epidemiology of powdery mildew in sweet pepper, varietal response to it and its control. Productia Vegetala, Horticultura, 34(11):3-7

Jaarsveld ABvan, 1985. Fungal pathogens of lupins in South Africa. Phytophylactica, 17(4):209-213; [13 ref., 1 tab.]; 39 ref

Jones RW, Stommel JR, Wanner LA, 2009. First report of Leveillula taurica causing powdery mildew on pepper in Maryland. Plant Disease, 93(11):1222. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Jones WB, Thomson SV, 1982. The effects of fungicide treatments on yield and quality of tomato plants infected with Leveillula taurica. Phytopathology, 72:970

Jones WB, Thomson SV, 1987. Source of inoculum, yield, and quality of tomato as affected by Leveillula taurica. Plant Disease, 71(3):266-268

Kaltani T, Bedo S, 1979. Principal diseases of vegetables, resistance of hybrids and problems in organizing the protection of plants in the greenhouses of the 17 November Collective in Tirane. Buletini i Shkencave Bujqesore, 18:51-63

Kang SooWoong, Kwon JinHyeuk, Shin WonKyo, Kim HeeKyu, 1995. Occurrence of powdery mildew on tomato caused by Oidiopsis taurica (LTv.) Arnaud (= Leveillula taurica) in Korea. Korean Journal of Plant Pathology, 11(4):380-382; 9 ref

Kannaiyan J, Haciwa HC, 1989. A check list of chickpea diseases recorded in Zambia. International Chickpea Newsletter, No. 21:23-24

Kannaiyan J, Haciwa HC, 1990. Diseases of pigeonpea in Zambia. International Pigeonpea Newsletter, No. 12:22-23

Karkanis, A., Bilalis, D., Efthimiadou, A., Katsenios, N., 2012. Effects of field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis L.) and powdery mildew [Leveillula taurica (Lev.) Arn.] on pepper growth and yield. Horticultural Science, 39(3), 135-138. http://agriculturejournals.cz/web/hortsci.htm

Kasselaki, A. M., Shaw, M. W., Malathrakis, N. E., Haralambous, J., 2006. Control of Leveillula taurica in tomato by Acremonium alternatum is by induction of resistance, not hyperparasitism. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 115(2), 263-267. doi: 10.1007/s10658-006-9010-y

Kavak H, 2011. Two new records of powdery mildews with their effectiveness on three ornamentals in Turkey. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 6(5):1076-1079. http://www.academicjournals.org/ajar/fulltext/2011/4%20Mar/Kavak.htm

Kavak, H., 2004. Epidemic outbreaks of powdery mildew caused by Leveillula taurica on Capparis spinosa in Turkey. Plant Pathology, 53(6), 809. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3059.2004.01072.x

Khan MW, El-Ammari SS, 1987. Outbreaks and new records. Libya. Occurrence of three species of powdery mildews on cucurbits. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 35(2):66-67

Khodaparast SA, Takamatsu S, Hedjaroude G, 2001. Phylogenetic structure of the genus Leveillula (Erysiphales: Erysiphaceae) inferred from the nucleotide sequences of the rDNA ITS region with special reference to the L. taurica species complex. Mycological Research, 105(8):909-918; 40 ref

Khodaparast, S. A., Niinomi, S., Takamatsu, S., 2007. Molecular and morphological characterization of Leveillula (Ascomycota: Erysiphales) on monocotyledonous plants. Mycological Research, 111(6), 673-679. doi: 10.1016/j.mycres.2007.04.003

Koike ST, Feng C, Correll JC, 2015. Powdery mildew, caused by Leveillula taurica, on spinach in California. Plant Disease, 99(4):555. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Koike ST, Tidwell TE, Kosta KL, 1988. First report of powdery mildew (Oidiopsis taurica) of gazania. Plant Disease, 72(6):546

Koike, S. T., 2007. Powdery mildew, caused by Leveillula taurica, on matilija poppy in California. Plant Disease, 91(3), 329. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-91-3-0329A

Koike, S. T., Beckman, P., 2002. Characterization of powdery mildew caused by Leveillula taurica on calla lily in California. Plant Disease, 86(2), 187. doi: 10.1094/PDIS.2002.86.2.187C

Koike, S. T., Tjosvold, S. A., Greene, I. D., 1995. Powdery mildew of Eustoma caused by Leveillula taurica in California. Plant Disease, 79(4), 426. doi: 10.1094/PD-79-0426E

Konstantinidou-Doltsinis, S., Markellou, E., Kasselaki, A. M., Fanouraki, M. N., Koumaki, C. M., Schmitt, A., Liopa-Tsakalidis, A., Malathrakis, N. E., 2006. Efficacy of Milsana®, a formulated plant extract from Reynoutria sachalinensis, against powdery mildew of tomato (Leveillula taurica). BioControl, 51(3), 375-392. doi: 10.1007/s10526-005-5247-1

Kontaxis DG, Maren AFvan, 1978. Powdery mildew on tomato - a new disease in the United States. Plant Disease Reporter, 62(10):892-893

Kumar J, Dutta M, Rajendra Prasad, 1991. Pigeon pea diseases at different altitudes in Garhwal Hills, India. International Pigeonpea Newsletter, No. 14:16-17

Kunoh H, Takeshima H, Ishizaki H, 1981. Studies of the powdery mildew fungus, Leveillula taurica, on green pepper III. Histochemical observation of osmiophilic granule associated with haustoria and intercellular hyphae. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 47(2):206-212

Kunovski Zh(Kounovski Zh), Todorova I, 1985. Powdery mildew of pepper (Leveillula solanacearum Gol.) in Bulgaria. II. Sources of resistance. Pochvoznanie, Agrokhimiya i Rastitelna Zashchita, 20(5):75-81

Kunovski Zh, Todorova I, 1981. Research on powdery mildew of Capsicum in Bulgaria. I. Physiological specialization of the pathogen of powdery mildew of Capsicum. Gradinarska i Lozarska Nauka, 18(6):29-36

Kurt, S., Soylu, S., Soylu, E. M., Tok, F. M., 2004. First report of powdery mildew caused by Leveillula taurica on leek (Allium porrum) in Turkey. Plant Pathology, 53(4), 527. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3059.2004.01019.x

Lefebvre, V., Daubèze, A. M., Voort, J. R. van der, Peleman, J., Bardin, M., Palloix, A., 2003. QTLs for resistance to powdery mildew in pepper under natural and artificial infections. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 107(4), 661-666. doi: 10.1007/s00122-003-1307-z

Lehoczky J, Kajati I, Princzinger G, 1972. A new disease in Hungary: powdery mildew (Leveillula taurica (Lev.) Arn.) of green pepper. Novenyvedelem, 8:393-402

Little, C. R., 2006. Occurrence of Leveillula taurica cleistothecia on honey mesquite in southern Texas. Plant Disease, 90(10), 1358. doi: 10.1094/PD-90-1358B

Lohrer T, 1996. Powdery mildew on tomatoes. Gemuse Munchen, 32:396-397

Lucero H, Lucero G, Pizzuolo P, 2005. Physalis viscosa, a new host of Leveillula taurica from Argentina. (Physalis viscosa. Un nuevo hospedero de Leveillula taurica en Argentina.) Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, 37(1):113-115

Mahrishi RP, Mathur AK, Bhatnagar GC, 1979. Simultaneous occurrence of Oidiopsis taurica and Oidium erysiphoides on eggplant in Rajasthan, India. Plant Disease Reporter, 63(10):864-865

Mahrshi RP, Mathur AK, Gupta RBL, 1980. Occurrence and evaluation of the reaction of potato varieties to the powdery-mildew caused by Oidiopsis taurica (Lev.) Salmon in Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 50(3):268-270

Mahrshi RP, Siradhana BS, 1980. Some new hosts of Oidiopsis taurica from Rajasthan. Indian Phytopathology, 33(3):513

Maric Z, Balaz F, Jasnic S, Sekulic, 1977. Important diseases and pests of vegetables in glasshouses of Voyvodina with particular reference to chemical control of Sclerotinia minor Jagg, Leveillula taurica (Lev) Arn. and Trialeurodes vaporariorum Weatw. Acta Horticulturae, No. 58:393-399

McGrath MT, Shishkoff N, Bornt C, Moyer DD, 2001. First occurrence of powdery mildew caused by Leveillula taurica on pepper in New York. Plant Disease, 85(10):1122

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