Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Leveillula taurica
(powdery mildew of cotton)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Leveillula taurica (powdery mildew of cotton)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Leveillula taurica
  • Preferred Common Name
  • powdery mildew of cotton
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Fungi
  •     Phylum: Ascomycota
  •       Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •         Class: Leotiomycetes
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Leveillula taurica (Lév.) G. Arnaud

Preferred Common Name

  • powdery mildew of cotton

Other Scientific Names

  • Erysiphe taurica Lév.
  • Leveillula solanacearum Golovin
  • Oidiopsis taurica (Lév.) E.S. Salmon
  • Ovulariopsis cynarea (Ferraris & Massa) Ciccar.

International Common Names

  • English: powdery mildew of eggplant; powdery mildew of pepper; powdery mildew of tomato
  • Spanish: oidio
  • French: oidium du sainfoin

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Mehltau: Artischocke; Mehltau: Baumwolle; Mehltau: Eierpflanze; Mehltau: Paprika; Mehltau: Tomate

EPPO code

  • LEVETA (Leveillula taurica)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Fungi
  •         Phylum: Ascomycota
  •             Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •                 Class: Leotiomycetes
  •                     Order: Erysiphales
  •                         Family: Erysiphaceae
  •                             Genus: Leveillula
  •                                 Species: Leveillula taurica

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AngolaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
Côte d'IvoirePresentUK, CAB International (1996)
EgyptPresentMichail and Tarabeih (1976); UK, CAB International (1996)
EthiopiaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
GambiaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
GhanaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); CABI (Undated)
GuineaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
KenyaPresentOndieki (1973); UK, CAB International (1996)
LibyaPresentEl-Ammari and Khan (1987); UK, CAB International (1996); CABI (Undated)
MadagascarPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
MalawiPresentReddy et al. (1993); UK, CAB International (1996)
MauritiusPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
MoroccoPresentBesri and Hormattallah (1985); Besri (1991); UK, CAB International (1996)
MozambiquePresentUK, CAB International (1996)
NigerPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
NigeriaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
RwandaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
SenegalPresentDamme (1986); UK, CAB International (1996)
Sierra LeonePresentUK, CAB International (1996)
SomaliaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
South AfricaPresentGorter and Eicker (1987); UK, CAB International (1996); CABI (Undated)
SudanPresentHussein (1985); Mohamed et al. (1995); UK, CAB International (1996); CABI (Undated)
TanzaniaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
TogoPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
TunisiaPresentMoens et al. (1984); Bechir (1993); Allagui et al. (1995); UK, CAB International (1996)
UgandaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
ZambiaPresentKannaiyan and Haciwa (1989); Kannaiyan and Haciwa (1990); UK, CAB International (1996)
ZimbabwePresentUK, CAB International (1996)

Asia

AfghanistanPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
ArmeniaPresentPapoyan et al. (1986); UK, CAB International (1996)
BhutanPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
BruneiPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
ChinaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
-XinjiangPresentUK, CAB International (1996); He et al. (2012); Zheng et al. (2013)
-YunnanPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
Hong KongPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
IndiaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
-Andhra PradeshPresentUK, CAB International (1996); CABI (Undated)
-DelhiPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
-GujaratPresentDhruj et al. (1996)
-HaryanaPresentSaharan and Saharan (1994); UK, CAB International (1996)
-Himachal PradeshPresentPaul and Bhardwaj (1987)
-Jammu and KashmirPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
-KarnatakaPresentSharma (1984); Deshpande et al. (1985); UK, CAB International (1996); CABI (Undated)
-MaharashtraPresentPadule et al. (1982); Wankhade and Peshney (1992); UK, CAB International (1996)
-RajasthanPresentMahrishi et al. (1979); Mahrshi and Siradhana (1980); UK, CAB International (1996); CABI (Undated)
-Tamil NaduPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
-Uttar PradeshPresentKumar et al. (1991)
IndonesiaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
-JavaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
IranPresentSharifnabi and Banihashemi (1990); UK, CAB International (1996); Mirzaee and Mohammadi (2010); Aeeinfar (2011); Abkhoo (2015); CABI (Undated)
IraqPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
IsraelPresentPalti (1974); Elad and Shtienberg (1994); UK, CAB International (1996); CABI (Undated)
JapanPresentKunoh et al. (1981)
KazakhstanPresentAmanturdiyev (1989); UK, CAB International (1996); CABI (Undated)
KyrgyzstanPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
LebanonPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
MalaysiaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
-SabahPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
MongoliaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
MyanmarPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
NepalPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
PakistanPresentMoghal et al. (1977); UK, CAB International (1996)
PhilippinesPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
South KoreaPresentCha et al. (1980); Kang SooWoong et al. (1995); UK, CAB International (1996)
Sri LankaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
SyriaPresentBillar (1989); UK, CAB International (1996)
TaiwanPresentChen YuhKun et al. (1996); UK, CAB International (1996)
TajikistanPresentAmanturdiyev (1989); UK, CAB International (1996)
TurkeyPresentKavak (2011); Yücel (1994)
TurkmenistanPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
UzbekistanPresentAmanturdiyev (1989); UK, CAB International (1996)
YemenPresentUK, CAB International (1996)

Europe

AlbaniaPresentKaltani and Bedo (1979); UK, CAB International (1996)
AustriaPresentBedlan (1984); UK, CAB International (1996)
BelgiumPresentNihoul et al. (1991); UK, CAB International (1996)
BulgariaPresentStamova (1993); UK, CAB International (1996); CABI (Undated);
CyprusPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
CzechiaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
CzechoslovakiaPresentZacha and Novakova (1981); UK, CAB International (1996)
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresentAleksic and Aleksic (1976); Maric et al. (1977); UK, CAB International (1996)
FrancePresentDaubèze et al. (1995); UK, CAB International (1996)
-CorsicaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
GermanyPresentLohrer (1996); UK, CAB International (1996)
GreecePresentVakalounakis et al. (1994); Lohrer (1996)
-CretePresentVakalounakis (2016)Heraklio area
HungaryPresentLehoczky et al. (1972); Simay (1991)
ItalyPresentDaubèze et al. (1995); Frisullo et al. (1995); Fiori et al. (1996); Lohrer (1996)
LithuaniaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
MaltaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
NetherlandsPresentZuijderwijk and Dik (1996)
PolandPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
RomaniaPresentIosifescu (1985); UK, CAB International (1996); CABI (Undated)
RussiaPresentPyzhenkov (1977); UK, CAB International (1996)
SlovakiaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
SpainPresentSotirova et al. (1990); UK, CAB International (1996)
-Canary IslandsPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
SwedenPresentPettersson and Rämert (1988); UK, CAB International (1996)
SwitzerlandPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
UkrainePresentGelyuta and Taran (1989); UK, CAB International (1996)
United KingdomPresentUK, CAB International (1996)

North America

CanadaPresentCerkauskas and Buonassisi (2003)
-British ColumbiaPresentCerkauskas and Buonassisi (2003)
CubaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
DominicaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
Dominican RepublicPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
HondurasPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
MexicoPresentSánchez Castro (1983); UK, CAB International (1996); CABI (Undated)
NicaraguaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
Puerto RicoPresentNegrón et al. (1991); UK, CAB International (1996); CABI (Undated)
United StatesPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-ArizonaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); CABI (Undated)
-CaliforniaPresentCorrell et al. (1987); Buddenhagen et al. (1988); Koike et al. (1988); UK, CAB International (1996); CABI (Undated)
-FloridaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
-HawaiiPresentUchida et al. (1995); UK, CAB International (1996); Romberg et al. (2014)
-IdahoPresentForster (1989); UK, CAB International (1996)
-IowaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
-MarylandPresentJones et al. (2009)
-NevadaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
-New YorkPresentMcGrath et al. (2001)
-OregonPresentSampangi et al. (2007)
-TexasPresentCook and Riggs (1995); UK, CAB International (1996)
-UtahPresentUK, CAB International (1996); CABI (Undated)
-WashingtonPresentGlawe et al. (2004)

Oceania

AustraliaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
-QueenslandPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
-VictoriaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
-Western AustraliaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
FijiPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
New CaledoniaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
Papua New GuineaPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
TongaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Datf, 1973

South America

ArgentinaPresentLucero et al. (2005)
BrazilPresentPinto et al. (1994); Mizubuti and Brommonschenkel (1996); UK, CAB International (1996)
-Minas GeraisPresentMizubuti and Brommonschenkel (1996)
-Rio de JaneiroPresentVivas et al. (2010)
ChilePresentUK, CAB International (1996)
PeruPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
VenezuelaPresentParra R. et al. (1976); UK, CAB International (1996); CABI (Undated);

Growth Stages

Top of page Post-harvest

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Growing point / mycelium present
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / abnormal forms
Leaves / abnormal leaf fall
Leaves / fungal growth
Leaves / necrotic areas
Leaves / wilting
Leaves / yellowed or dead
Stems / mould growth on lesion
Stems / mycelium present

Plant Trade

Top of page
Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Fruits (inc. pods) hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Leaves hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Growing medium accompanying plants
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

Top of page

Abkhoo J, 2015. Powdery mildews causing fungi in Iran. Mycopath, 13(1):51-55. http://111.68.103.26/journals/index.php/mycopath/article/viewFile/673/354

Aeeinfar H, 2011. First report of Powdery mildew of Rosa persica caused by Leveillula taurica from Iran. Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology, 47(3):Pe309-Pe310, En105. http://www.ijpp.ir/article_16095.html

Aleksic Z, Aleksic D, 1976. The most important diseases of pepper in Serbia. Poljoprivreda, 23(252):17-23

Allagui MB, Palloix A, Hamza N, 1995. Evaluation of resistance and susceptibility to powdery mildew (Leveillula taurica) in pepper (Capsicum sp.) under natural epidemics in Tunisia. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 34(3):143-148; 7 ref

Al'muratov NN, Zhansugurova L, 1978. Diseases of prostrate summer cypress and their control in the south-eastern Kazakhstan. Intensifik. zemledeliya yuga i yugo-vost. Kazakhstana. Alma-Ata. USSR, 146-154

Amanturdiyev K, 1989. Pests and diseases of alchor. Uzbekiston Biologija Zhurnali, No. 1:51-53

Arnaud G, 1921. Etudes sur les champignons parasites. Annals Epiphyties, 7:1-115

Ayesu-Offei EN, 1989. Formp speciales of Leveillula taurica (Lev.) Arn. infecting peppers and eggplants in Ghana. Tropical Agriculture, 66(4):355-360

Azadbakht J, Darvishnia M, Hayati J, Azadbakht N, 2013. Four new host records for powdery mildew fungi from Iran. Iranian Journal of Forest and Range Protection Research, 10(2):Pe114-Pe119, En3. http://www.rifr-ac.ir/

Bechir AM, 1993. Evaluation of pepper genotypes to Leveillula taurica Lev.(Arn.) resistance in Tunisia. Capsicum & Eggplant Newsletter, No. 12:81-82; 1 ref

Bedlan G, 1984. Important diseases of carrot. Pflanzenarzt, 37(9):140-142

Besri M, 1991. Integrated control of cryptogamic diseases of tomato in Morocco. Bulletin SROP, 14(5):187-191; 19 ref

Besri M, Hormattallah A, 1985. Occurrence and survival of Leveillula taurica, cause of tomato powdery mildew in Morocco. Phytopathologische Zeitschrift, 112(4):348-354

Billar M, 1989. Survey of alfalfa diseases in the Ghouta of Damascus, Syria, (1981, 1982, 1985 and 1986). Arab Journal of Plant Protection, 7(1):1-7; 13 ref

Boesewinkel HJ, 1980. The morphology of the imperfect states of powdery mildews (Erysiphaceae). Botanical Review, 46(2):167-224

Braun U, 1986. Taxonomic notes on some powdery mildews of various genera. Mycotaxon, 25(1):259-269

Braun U, 1987. A monograph of the Erysiphales (powdery mildews). Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia, 89:700 pp

Braun U, 1995. The powdery mildews (Erysiphales) of Europe. The powdery mildews (Erysiphales) of Europe., 337 pp.; many ref

Buddenhagen IW, Workneh F, Bosque-Perez NA, 1988. Chickpea improvement and chickpea diseases in California. International Chickpea Newsletter, No. 19:9-10; 3 ref

Cerkauskas RF, Buonassisi A, 2003. First report of powdery mildew of greenhouse pepper caused by Leveillula taurica in British Columbia, Canada. Plant Disease, 87(9):1151

Cha JS, Ki UK, Cho BH, Kim KC, 1980. A new disease, powdery mildew, caused by Oidiopsis taurica on Capsicum spp. Korean Journal of Plant Protection, 19(4):240-242

Chen YuhKun, Chen ChingChung, Chen LungChung, 1996. Occurrence of powdery mildew on golden calla lily in Taiwan. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 62(6):580-583; 13 ref

Choi, I. Y., Jang, S. J., Oh, H. T., Shin, H. D., 2019. First report of powdery mildew caused by Leveillula taurica on Cucurbita ficifolia in Korea. Plant Disease, 103(3), 586-587. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis doi: 10.1094/pdis-07-18-1288-pdn

Cook CG, Riggs JL, 1995. First report of powdery mildew on kenaf caused by Leveillula taurica in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas. Plant Disease, 79(9):968

Correll JC, Gordon TR, Elliott VJ, 1987. Host range, specificity, and biometrical measurements of Leveillula taurica in California. Plant Disease, 71(3):248-251

Cpsar JC, Clerk GC, 1985. Germinability of Leveillula taurica (powdery mildew) conidia obtained from water-stressed pepper plants. Canadian Journal of Botany, 63(10):1681-1684

Daft GC, 1973. A supplementary list of diseases in Tonga. Technical Document, FAO Plant Protection Committee for the Southeast Asia and Pacific Region Bangkok. Thailand, No. 88:3 pp

Damme PLvan, 1986. Performance of two African aubergines (Solanum pthiopicum and Solanum macrocarpon) in the Senegal river valley. Agronomie Tropicale, 41(3/4):218-230

Daubeze AM, Hennart JW, Palloix A, 1995. Resistance to Leveillula taurica in pepper (Capsicum annuum) is oligogenically controlled and stable in Mediterranean regions. Plant Breeding, 114(4):327-332

Deshpande AA, Anand N, Pathak CS, Sridhar TS, 1985. New sources of powdery mildew resistance in Capsicum species. Capsicum Newsletter, 4:75-76

Dhruj IU, Akbari LF, Khandar RR, Vaishnav MU, 1996. Effectiveness of triazole fungicides against powdery mildew of fenugreek. Plant Disease Research, 11(1):86-88; 6 ref

Diop-Bruckler M, Molot P, 1986. Interet des quelques hyperparastes dans la lutte vis-a-vis de Leveillula taurica et de Sphaerotheca fuliginea. Dijon, France: Colloque OEPP Lutte Microbiologique

Docea E, Fratila E, 1979. A new pathogen causing powdery mildew of cucumber in Romania. Lucrari Stiintifice, B, 22:165-168

Elad Y, Shtienberg D, 1994. Effect of compost water extracts on grey mould (Botrytis cinerea). Crop Protection, 13(2):109-114

El-Ammari SS, Khan MW, 1983. Leveillula taurica powdery mildew on greenhouse cucumbers in Libya. Plant Disease, 67(5):553-555

El-Ammari SS, Khan MW, 1987. Identity of powdery mildews of cucurbits in Libya. Arab Journal of Plant Protection, 5(2):92-89

Fiori M, Prota VA, Carta C, Garau R, 1996. Control trials against powdery mildew on artichoke in 1994-95 in Sardinia. Difesa delle Piante, 19(1):23-26; 9 ref

Forster RL, 1989. Powdery mildew of greenhouse cucumbers and tomatoes caused by Leveillula taurica in Idaho. Plant Disease, 73(12):1020

Frisullo S, Corato Ude, Lops F, Trombetta NM, 1995. Diseases of kenaf in Basilicata. Informatore Fitopatologico, 45(1):37-41; 29 ref

Garcia-Estrada RS, Cardenas-Soriano E, Gonzalez-Hernandez V, Zavaleta-Mejia E, 1993. Infection and some physiological alterations produced by Oidiopsis taurica in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Fitopatologia, 28(1):1-9

Gelyuta VP, Taran MA, 1989. New and rare species of the microflora of the Ukrainian SSR of Leveillula Arnaud (order Erysiphales). Ukrains'kii Botanichnii Zhurnal, 46(2):56-59

Glawe DA, Toit LJdu, Pelter GQ, 2004. First report of powdery mildew on potato caused by Leveillula taurica in North America. Plant Health Progress, December:1-3. http://www.plantmanagementnetwork.org/pub/php/brief/2004/potato/

Gorter GJMA, Eicker A, 1987. Additional first records of perfect stages of some powdery mildew fungi in South Africa, including a new species. South African Journal of Botany, 53(1):93-97

He G, Xu B, Song JG, Zhang LL, Zhao ZY, Wang G, 2012. First report of powdery mildew caused by Leveillula taurica on Cynanchum kashgaricum in China. Plant Disease, 96(9):1373. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Hussein MM, 1985. Root rot/wilt complex, powdery mildew, and mosaic disease of faba beans and their control. Faba beans, kabuli chickpeas, and lentils in the 1980s., 119-127; [6 tab.]; 6 ref

IMI, 1996. Leveillula taurica, Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases. Map No. 217. Wallingford, UK: CAB International

Iosifescu M, 1985. Aspects of the epidemiology of powdery mildew in sweet pepper, varietal response to it and its control. Productia Vegetala, Horticultura, 34(11):3-7

Jaarsveld ABvan, 1985. Fungal pathogens of lupins in South Africa. Phytophylactica, 17(4):209-213; [13 ref., 1 tab.]; 39 ref

Jones RW, Stommel JR, Wanner LA, 2009. First report of Leveillula taurica causing powdery mildew on pepper in Maryland. Plant Disease, 93(11):1222. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Jones WB, Thomson SV, 1982. The effects of fungicide treatments on yield and quality of tomato plants infected with Leveillula taurica. Phytopathology, 72:970

Jones WB, Thomson SV, 1987. Source of inoculum, yield, and quality of tomato as affected by Leveillula taurica. Plant Disease, 71(3):266-268

Kaltani T, Bedo S, 1979. Principal diseases of vegetables, resistance of hybrids and problems in organizing the protection of plants in the greenhouses of the 17 November Collective in Tirane. Buletini i Shkencave Bujqesore, 18:51-63

Kang SooWoong, Kwon JinHyeuk, Shin WonKyo, Kim HeeKyu, 1995. Occurrence of powdery mildew on tomato caused by Oidiopsis taurica (LTv.) Arnaud (= Leveillula taurica) in Korea. Korean Journal of Plant Pathology, 11(4):380-382; 9 ref

Kannaiyan J, Haciwa HC, 1989. A check list of chickpea diseases recorded in Zambia. International Chickpea Newsletter, No. 21:23-24

Kannaiyan J, Haciwa HC, 1990. Diseases of pigeonpea in Zambia. International Pigeonpea Newsletter, No. 12:22-23

Kavak H, 2011. Two new records of powdery mildews with their effectiveness on three ornamentals in Turkey. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 6(5):1076-1079. http://www.academicjournals.org/ajar/fulltext/2011/4%20Mar/Kavak.htm

Khan MW, El-Ammari SS, 1987. Outbreaks and new records. Libya. Occurrence of three species of powdery mildews on cucurbits. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 35(2):66-67

Khodaparast SA, Takamatsu S, Hedjaroude G, 2001. Phylogenetic structure of the genus Leveillula (Erysiphales: Erysiphaceae) inferred from the nucleotide sequences of the rDNA ITS region with special reference to the L. taurica species complex. Mycological Research, 105(8):909-918; 40 ref

Koike ST, Feng C, Correll JC, 2015. Powdery mildew, caused by Leveillula taurica, on spinach in California. Plant Disease, 99(4):555. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Koike ST, Tidwell TE, Kosta KL, 1988. First report of powdery mildew (Oidiopsis taurica) of gazania. Plant Disease, 72(6):546

Kontaxis DG, Maren AFvan, 1978. Powdery mildew on tomato - a new disease in the United States. Plant Disease Reporter, 62(10):892-893

Kumar J, Dutta M, Rajendra Prasad, 1991. Pigeon pea diseases at different altitudes in Garhwal Hills, India. International Pigeonpea Newsletter, No. 14:16-17

Kunoh H, Takeshima H, Ishizaki H, 1981. Studies of the powdery mildew fungus, Leveillula taurica, on green pepper III. Histochemical observation of osmiophilic granule associated with haustoria and intercellular hyphae. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 47(2):206-212

Kunovski Zh(Kounovski Zh), Todorova I, 1985. Powdery mildew of pepper (Leveillula solanacearum Gol.) in Bulgaria. II. Sources of resistance. Pochvoznanie, Agrokhimiya i Rastitelna Zashchita, 20(5):75-81

Kunovski Zh, Todorova I, 1981. Research on powdery mildew of Capsicum in Bulgaria. I. Physiological specialization of the pathogen of powdery mildew of Capsicum. Gradinarska i Lozarska Nauka, 18(6):29-36

Lehoczky J, Kajati I, Princzinger G, 1972. A new disease in Hungary: powdery mildew (Leveillula taurica (Lev.) Arn.) of green pepper. Novenyvedelem, 8:393-402

Lohrer T, 1996. Powdery mildew on tomatoes. Gemuse Munchen, 32:396-397

Lucero H, Lucero G, Pizzuolo P, 2005. Physalis viscosa, a new host of Leveillula taurica from Argentina. (Physalis viscosa. Un nuevo hospedero de Leveillula taurica en Argentina.) Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, 37(1):113-115

Mahrishi RP, Mathur AK, Bhatnagar GC, 1979. Simultaneous occurrence of Oidiopsis taurica and Oidium erysiphoides on eggplant in Rajasthan, India. Plant Disease Reporter, 63(10):864-865

Mahrshi RP, Mathur AK, Gupta RBL, 1980. Occurrence and evaluation of the reaction of potato varieties to the powdery-mildew caused by Oidiopsis taurica (Lev.) Salmon in Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 50(3):268-270

Mahrshi RP, Siradhana BS, 1980. Some new hosts of Oidiopsis taurica from Rajasthan. Indian Phytopathology, 33(3):513

Maric Z, Balaz F, Jasnic S, Sekulic, 1977. Important diseases and pests of vegetables in glasshouses of Voyvodina with particular reference to chemical control of Sclerotinia minor Jagg, Leveillula taurica (Lev) Arn. and Trialeurodes vaporariorum Weatw. Acta Horticulturae, No. 58:393-399

McGrath MT, Shishkoff N, Bornt C, Moyer DD, 2001. First occurrence of powdery mildew caused by Leveillula taurica on pepper in New York. Plant Disease, 85(10):1122

Michail SH, Tarabeih AM, 1976. New records of powdery mildews on certain ornamental plants. Acta Phytopathologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricp, 11(1/2):53-57

Mihail JD, Alcorn SM, 1984. Powdery mildew (Leveillula taurica) on native and cultivated plants in Arizona. Plant Disease, 68(7):625-626

Mirzaee MR, Khodaparast SA, Mohseni M, Ramazani SHR, Soltani-Najafabadi M, 2011. First record of powdery mildew of castor-oil plant (Ricinus communis) caused by the anamorphic stage of Leveillula taurica in Iran. Australasian Plant Disease Notes, 6(1):36-38. http://www.springerlink.com/content/u723 m46401772870/fulltext.html

Mirzaee MR, Mohammadi M, 2010. Occurrence of powdery mildew caused by Leveillula taurica on onion (Allium cepa) in Iran. Plant Disease, 94(2):280. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Mizubuti ESG, Brommonschenkel SH, 1996. Diseases caused by fungi in tomato. Informe Agropecuário (Belo Horizonte), 18(184):7-14; 24 ref

Moens M, Aichai BBen, Welvprt W, 1984. Contribution to the knowledge about Leveillula taurica (Lev.) Arn. on early pepper in Tunisia. II. Chemical control. Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen Rijksuniversiteit Gent, 49(2a):257-266

Moghal SM, Perwaiz MS, Jagirdar HH, 1977. The effect of some sulphur fungicides on powdery mildew of chillies. Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 20(4/5):322-323

Mohamed YF, Bardin M, Nicot PC, Pitrat M, 1995. Causal agents of powdery mildew of cucurbits in Sudan. Plant Disease, 79(6):634-636

Mukerji KJ, 1968. Leveillula taurica. CMI Descriptions of Pathogenic Fungi and Bacteria No. 182. Wallingford, UK: CAB International

Naik RG, Rangaswamy SD, 1994. Effect of date of sowing and application of chemicals on the incidence and control of powdery mildew in horsegram (Dolichos biflorus) Roxb. Legume Research, 17(3/4):203-206

Negron JA, Rodriguez R, Aviles L, 1991. Fungicide evaluation for control of powdery mildew, Leveillula taurica (Lev.) Arn., of peppers in Puerto Rico. Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico, 75(2):119-123

Nihoul P, Impe G van, Hance T, 1991. The effect of fungal diseases on integrated pest control in glasshouses. Revue de l'Agriculture, 44(2):199-205

Omer MEH, 1972. Chemical control of powdery mildews of cucumber and okra in the Sudan. Experimental Agriculture, 8:265-270

Ondieki JJ, 1973. The control of powdery mildew of capsicums with certain systemic and non-systemic fungicides. Acta HorticulturAe, No. 33:137-142

Padule DN, Newase AG, Patil BP, 1982. Survey for incidence of Fusarium wilt and other diseases of pigeon pea in central parts of western Maharashtra. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities, 7(2):159-161

Palti J, 1974. Striking divergences in the distribution of Leveillula taurica (Lev.) Arn. on some major crop hosts. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 13(1/2):17-22

Palti J, 1988. The Leveillula mildews. Botanical Review, 54(4):423-535

Papoyan FA, Kostanyan AV, Chobanyan SM, 1986. Some biological characteristics of the pathogen of powdery mildew of tomatoes in the north-eastern zone of the Armenian SSR. Mikologiya i Fitopatologiya, 20(6):513-514

Parra R EJ, Nass A H, Diaz Polanco C, 1976. Woolly mould of sesame in Venezuela 1. aetiology of the disease. Agronomia Tropical, 26(5):457-462

Paul YS, Bhardwaj LN, 1987. Powdery mildews on Prinsepia utilis Royle from India. Indian Forester, 113:753-754

Pettersson ML, Ramert B, 1988. Plant protection year 1987 - horticulture. Vaxtskyddsnotiser, 52(3):66-70

Pinto CMF, Paula Júnior TJde, Mizubuti ESG, 1994. Diseases caused by fungi on artichoke, lettuce, chicory, strawberries and okra. Informe Agropecuário (Belo Horizonte), 17(182):5-13; 58 ref

Pyzhenkov VI, 1977. Initial material for breeding cucumber in the non-chernozem zone of the Russian SSR. Trudy po Prikladnoi Botanike, Genetike i Selektsii, 60(3):119-132

Reddy JR, Reddi AP, 1980. Powdery mildews on plants of Capparidaceae and Euphorbiaceae. Acta Botanica Indica, 8(1):87-90

Reddy MV, Subrahmanyam P, Likoswe AA, Saka VW, Msuku WAB, 1993. Pigeon pea diseases in Malawi. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 41(2):101-106; 5 ref

Reuveni R, Perl M, Rotem J, 1976. Inhibition of shedding of pepper leaves infected with powdery mildew (Leveillula taurica) by application of auxins. Phytoparasitica, 4(3):197-199

Romberg MK, Kennedy AH, Ko M, 2014. First report of the powdery mildews Leveillula taurica and Podosphaera pannosa on Rose periwinkle in the United States. Plant Disease, 98(6):848. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Ruiz Giraldo H, Rodriguez R del P, 1992. Powdery mildew of pepper in Puerto Rico caused by Leveillula taurica (Lev.) Arn. Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico, 76(1):29-32

Sadeghi E, Esmailli M, 1992. Preying habits and hibernation site of Coccinella septempunctata L., Hippodamia (Adonia) variegata (Goeze), Psyllobora vigintiduopunctata L. in Karaj. Journal of Entomological Society of Iran, 11(1/2):19-34 (Ar), 5-8 (En)

Saharan GS, Saharan MS, 1994. Progression of powdery mildew on different varieties of linseed in relation to environmental conditions. Indian Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology, 24(2):88-92

Salari M, Panjeke N, Pirnia M, Abkhoo J, 2010. First record of genus leveillula on a member of the moraceae: Leveillula taurica on Ficus carica. African Crop Science Journal, 18(3):127-131. http://www.bioline.org.br/request?cs10015

Sampangi R, Glawe DA, Mohan SK, 2007. First North American record of powdery mildew of Cleome hassleriana caused by Leveillula taurica. Plant Health Progress, February:1-2. http://www.plantmanagementnetwork.org/sub/php/brief/2007/pinkqueen/

Sanabria de Albarracin N, 1987. Powdery mildew of market garden crops in the central zone of Venezuela. Ernstia, No. 43:1-17

Sanabria de Albarracin N, Albarracin M, Mendoza A, 1994. Powdery mildew of garlic (Allium sativum L.), tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) and Brussels sprouts (Brassica oleracea L. var. gemmifera Zenker). Ernstia, 4(3-4):107-116

Sanchez Castro MA, 1983. Grey rot of tomato caused by Oidiopsis taurica (Lev.) Salmon: a new disease in Sinaloa State, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Fitopatologia, 2(1):3-6

Sharifnabi B, Banihashemi Z, 1990. Study of Leveillula taurica, the incitant of sainfoin powdery mildew in Esfahan Province. Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology, 26(1-4):7-9 (en), 18-27 (Pe)

Sharma SR, 1984. Effect of different cropping seasons and tridemorph sprays on powdery mildew and yield of cluster bean. Zeitschrift fur Acker- und Pflanzenbau, 153(2):81-89

Sharma SR, Sohi HS, 1981. Chemical control of powdery mildew of cluster bean. Pesticides, 15(11):17-19

Simay EI, 1991. Fungi found on lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) during 1985-1990. Növényvédelem, 27(3):117-124; 38 ref

Sotirova V, Georgiev C, Achkova Z, Bogatsevska N, 1990. The three-genome hybrid (Lycopersicon esculentum - L. chilense - L. peruvianum var. humifusum) - source of resistance to some economically important tomato disease. Proceedings of the XIth Eucarpia meeting on tomato genetics and breeding, 9-14; 5 ref

Stamova L, Stamova L, 1993. Scope of the breeding tomatoes for disease resistance in Bulgaria. Proceedings of the XIIth Eucarpia meeting on Tomato Genetics and Breeding, Plovdiv, Bulgaria, 27-31 July 1993. Plovdiv, Bulgaria: Maritsa Vegetable Crops Research Institute, 11-18

Sztejnberg A, 1979. Biological control of powdery mildew by Ampellomyces quisqualis. Phytopathology, 69:1074

Tramier R, 1963. Etude preliminaire du Leveillula taurica (Lev.) Arn. Dans le midi de la France. Annals des Epiphyties, 14:355-369

Uchida JY, Aragaki M, Ogata DY, 1995. First report of Leveillula taurica in Hawaii. Plant Disease, 79(9):966

Vakalounakis DJ, 2016. Occurrence of powdery mildew caused by Leveillula taurica on onion (Allium cepa) in Greece. Plant Disease, 100(5):1020. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Vakalounakis DJ, Klironomou E, Papadakis A, 1994. Species spectrum, host range and distribution of powdery mildews on Cucurbitaceae in Crete. Plant Pathology, 43(5):813-818

Vivas M, Silveira SF, Liberato JR, 2010. First record of anamorphic Leveillula taurica on Vasconcellea goudotiana (Caricaceae) in Brazil. Australasian Plant Disease Notes, 5(1):126-128. http://www.publish.csiro.au/nid/208.htm

Wankhade SV, Peshney NL, 1992. Conidial survey and cross infectivity of certain powdery mildew fungi prevalent in Vidarbha. Indian Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology, 22(2):195-196

Yucel S, 1994. Survey studies of fungal diseases of protected vegetable areas in Mediterranean region. Bitki Koruma Bulteni, 34:23-34

Zacha V, Novakova J, 1981. Leveillula solanacearum Gol. on pepper in Czechoslovakia. Sbornik UVTIZ, Ochrana Rostlin, 17(3):226

Zheng XH, Xu B, Zhao ZY, 2013. First report of powdery mildew of snow lotus (Saussurea involucrata) caused by Leveillula taurica in China. Plant Disease, 97(6):848. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Zuijderwijk M, Dik AJ, 1996. Sulphur controls powdery in pepper. Groente en Fruit/Glasgroenten, 6(46):24-25

Distribution References

Abkhoo J, 2015. Powdery mildews causing fungi in Iran. Mycopath. 13 (1), 51-55. http://111.68.103.26/journals/index.php/mycopath/article/viewFile/673/354

Aeeinfar H, 2011. First report of Powdery mildew of Rosa persica caused by Leveillula taurica from Iran. Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology. 47 (3), Pe309-Pe310, En105. http://www.ijpp.ir/article_16095.html

Aleksic Z, Aleksic D, 1976. The most important diseases of pepper in Serbia. (Najvaznije bolesti paprike u SR Srbiji.). Poljoprivreda. 23 (252), 17-23.

Allagui M B, Palloix A, Hamza N, 1995. Evaluation of resistance and susceptibility to powdery mildew (Leveillula taurica) in pepper (Capsicum sp.) under natural epidemics in Tunisia. (Résistance du pigment (Capsicum sp.) á Leveillula taurica: évolution de l'épidémie avec la croissance des plantes.). Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 34 (3), 143-148.

Amanturdiyev K, 1989. Pests and diseases of alchor. Ubreve˜zbekiston Biologija Zhurnali. 51-53.

Bechir A M, 1993. Evaluation of pepper genotypes to Leveillula taurica Lev.(Arn.) resistance in Tunisia. Capsicum & Eggplant Newsletter. 81-82.

Bedlan G, 1984. Important diseases of carrot. (Wichtige Krankheiten der Karotten.). Pflanzenarzt. 37 (9), 140-142.

Besri M, 1991. Integrated control of cryptogamic diseases of tomato in Morocco. (Lutte integree contre les maladies cryptogamiques de la tomate au Maroc.). In: Bulletin SROP, 14 (5) 187-191.

Besri M, Hormattallah A, 1985. Occurrence and survival of Leveillula taurica, cause of tomato powdery mildew in Morocco. (Manifestation et mode de conservation de Leveillula taurica, agent de l'oïdium de la tomate au Maroc.). Phytopathologische Zeitschrift. 112 (4), 348-354.

Billar M, 1989. Survey of alfalfa diseases in the Ghouta of Damascus, Syria, (1981, 1982, 1985 and 1986). Arab Journal of Plant Protection. 7 (1), 1-7.

Buddenhagen I W, Workneh F, Bosque-Perez N A, 1988. Chickpea improvement and chickpea diseases in California. International Chickpea Newsletter. 9-10.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Cerkauskas R F, Buonassisi A, 2003. First report of powdery mildew of greenhouse pepper caused by Leveillula taurica in British Columbia, Canada. Plant Disease. 87 (9), 1151. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2003.87.9.1151C

Cha J S, Ki U K, Cho B H, Kim K C, 1980. A new disease, powdery mildew, caused by Oidiopsis taurica on Capsicum spp. Korean Journal of Plant Protection. 19 (4), 240-242.

Chen YuhKun, Chen ChingChung, Chen LungChung, 1996. Occurrence of powdery mildew on golden calla lily in Taiwan. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan. 62 (6), 580-583. DOI:10.3186/jjphytopath.62.580

Cook C G, Riggs J L, 1995. First report of powdery mildew on kenaf caused by Leveillula taurica in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas. Plant Disease. 79 (9), 968. DOI:10.1094/PD-79-0968D

Correll J C, Gordon T R, Elliott V J, 1987. Host range, specificity, and biometrical measurements of Leveillula taurica in California. Plant Disease. 71 (3), 248-251. DOI:10.1094/PD-71-0248

Damme P L van, 1986. Performance of two African aubergines (Solanum aethiopicum and Solanum macrocarpon) in the Senegal river valley. (Comportement de deux aubergines africaines (Solanum aethiopicum and Solanum macrocarpon) dans la vallée du fleuve Sénégal.). Agronomie Tropicale. 41 (3/4), 218-230.

Daubèze A M, Hennart J W, Palloix A, 1995. Resistance to Leveillula taurica in pepper (Capsicum annuum) is oligogenically controlled and stable in Mediterranean regions. Plant Breeding. 114 (4), 327-332. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0523.1995.tb01243.x

Deshpande A A, Anand N, Pathak C S, Sridhar T S, 1985. New sources of powdery mildew resistance in Capsicum species. Capsicum Newsletter. 75-76.

Dhruj I U, Akbari L F, Khandar R R, Vaishnav M U, 1996. Effectiveness of triazole fungicides against powdery mildew of fenugreek. Plant Disease Research. 11 (1), 86-88.

Elad Y, Shtienberg D, 1994. Effect of compost water extracts on grey mould (Botrytis cinerea). Crop Protection. 13 (2), 109-114. DOI:10.1016/0261-2194(94)90160-0

El-Ammari S S, Khan M W, 1987. Identity of powdery mildews of cucurbits in Libya. Arab Journal of Plant Protection. 5 (2), 92-89.

Fiori M, Prota V A, Carta C, Garau R, 1996. Control trials against powdery mildew on artichoke in 1994-95 in Sardinia. (Prove di lotta contro l'oidio del carciofo nel biennio 1994-95 in Sardegna.). Difesa delle Piante. 19 (1), 23-26.

Forster R L, 1989. Powdery mildew of greenhouse cucumbers and tomatoes caused by Leveillula taurica in Idaho. Plant Disease. 73 (12), 1020. DOI:10.1094/PD-73-1020B

Frisullo S, Corato U de, Lops F, Trombetta N M, 1995. Diseases of kenaf in Basilicata. (Le malattie del Kenaf in Basilicata.). Informatore Fitopatologico. 45 (1), 37-41.

Gelyuta V P, Taran M A, 1989. New and rare species of the microflora of the Ukrainian SSR of Leveillula Arnaud (order Erysiphales). Ukraïns'kiĭ Botani¯chniĭ Zhurnal. 46 (2), 56-59.

Glawe D A, Toit L J du, Pelter G Q, 2004. First report of powdery mildew on potato caused by Leveillula taurica in North America. Plant Health Progress. 1-3. http://www.plantmanagementnetwork.org/pub/php/brief/2004/potato/

Gorter G J M A, Eicker A, 1987. Additional first records of perfect stages of some powdery mildew fungi in South Africa, including a new species. South African Journal of Botany. 53 (1), 93-97.

He G, Xu B, Song J G, Zhang L L, Zhao Z Y, Wang G, 2012. First report of powdery mildew caused by Leveillula taurica on Cynanchum kashgaricum in China. Plant Disease. 96 (9), 1373. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-11-11-0947-PDN

Hussein M M, 1985. Root rot/wilt complex, powdery mildew, and mosaic disease of faba beans and their control. In: Faba beans, kabuli chickpeas, and lentils in the 1980s. [Faba beans, kabuli chickpeas, and lentils in the 1980s.], Aleppo, Syria: ICARDA. 119-127.

Iosifescu M, 1985. Aspects of the epidemiology of powdery mildew in sweet pepper, varietal response to it and its control. (Aspecte de epidemiologie, comportarea soiurilor și combaterea făinării la ardei.). Producția Vegetală, Horticultura. 34 (11), 3-7.

Jones R W, Stommel J R, Wanner L A, 2009. First report of Leveillula taurica causing powdery mildew on pepper in Maryland. Plant Disease. 93 (11), 1222. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-93-11-1222A

Kaltani T, Bedo S, 1979. Principal diseases of vegetables, resistance of hybrids and problems in organizing the protection of plants in the greenhouses of the 17 November Collective in Tirane. (Semundjet kryesore te perimeve, qendrueshmeria e hibrideve dhe probleme te organizimit te mbrojtjes se bimeve ne serrat e NB "17 Nentori" Tirane.). Buletini i Shkencave Bujqesore. 18 (3), 51-63.

Kang SooWoong, Kwon JinHyeuk, Shin WonKyo, Kim HeeKyu, 1995. Occurrence of powdery mildew on tomato caused by Oidiopsis taurica (Lév.) Arnaud (= Leveillula taurica) in Korea. Korean Journal of Plant Pathology. 11 (4), 380-382.

Kannaiyan J, Haciwa H C, 1989. A check list of chickpea diseases recorded in Zambia. International Chickpea Newsletter. 23-24.

Kannaiyan J, Haciwa H C, 1990. Diseases of pigeonpea in Zambia. International Pigeonpea Newsletter. 22-23.

Kavak H, 2011. Two new records of powdery mildews with their effectiveness on three ornamentals in Turkey. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 6 (5), 1076-1079. http://www.academicjournals.org/ajar/fulltext/2011/4%20Mar/Kavak.htm

Koike S T, Tidwell T E, Kosta K L, 1988. First report of powdery mildew (Oidiopsis taurica) of gazania. Plant Disease. 72 (6), 546. DOI:10.1094/PD-72-0546E

Kumar J, Dutta M, Rajendra Prasad, 1991. Pigeon pea diseases at different altitudes in Garhwal Hills, India. International Pigeonpea Newsletter. 16-17.

Kunoh H, Takeshima H, Ishizaki H, 1981. Studies of the powdery mildew fungus, Leveillula taurica, on green pepper III. Histochemical observation of osmiophilic granule associated with haustoria and intercellular hyphae. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan. 47 (2), 206-212. DOI:10.3186/jjphytopath.47.206

Lehoczky J, Kajati I, Princzinger G, 1972. A new disease in Hungary: powdery mildew (Leveillula taurica (Lev.) Arn.) of green pepper. (Uj betegseg Magyarorszagon a paprika-lisztharmat (Leveillula taurica (Lev.) Arn.).). Novenyvedelem. 8 (9), 393-402.

Lohrer T, 1996. Powdery mildew on tomatoes. (Echter Mehltau an Tomaten.). Gemüse (München). 32 (6), 396-397.

Lucero H, Lucero G, Pizzuolo P, 2005. Physalis viscosa, a new host of Leveillula taurica from Argentina. (Physalis viscosa. Un nuevo hospedero de Leveillula taurica en Argentina.). Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo. 37 (1), 113-115.

Mahrishi R P, Mathur A K, Bhatnagar G C, 1979. Simultaneous occurrence of Oidiopsis taurica and Oidium erysiphoides on eggplant in Rajasthan, India. Plant Disease Reporter. 63 (10), 864-865.

Mahrshi R P, Siradhana B S, 1980. Some new hosts of Oidiopsis taurica from Rajasthan. Indian Phytopathology. 33 (3), 513.

Maric Z, Balaz F, Jasnic S, Sekulic, 1977. Important diseases and pests of vegetables in glasshouses of Voyvodina with particular reference to chemical control of Sclerotinia minor Jagg, Leveillula taurica (Lev) Arn. and Trialeurodes vaporariorum Weatw. In: Acta Horticulturae, 58 393-399.

McGrath M T, Shishkoff N, Bornt C, Moyer D D, 2001. First occurrence of powdery mildew caused by Leveillula taurica on pepper in New York. Plant Disease. 85 (10), 1122. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2001.85.10.1122A

Michail S H, Tarabeih A M, 1976. New records of powdery mildews on certain ornamental plants. Acta Phytopathologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae. 11 (1/2), 53-57.

Mirzaee M R, Mohammadi M, 2010. Occurrence of powdery mildew caused by Leveillula taurica on onion (Allium cepa) in Iran. Plant Disease. 94 (2), 280. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-94-2-0280B

Mizubuti E S G, Brommonschenkel S H, 1996. Diseases caused by fungi in tomato. (Doenças causadas por fungos em tomateiro.). Informe Agropecuário (Belo Horizonte). 18 (184), 7-14.

Moens M, Aichai B Ben, Welvaert W, 1984. Contribution to the knowledge about Leveillula taurica (Lév.) Arn. on early pepper in Tunisia. II. Chemical control. (Contribution à la connaissance de Leveillula taurica (Lév.) Arn. sur piment de primeur en Tunisie. II. Lutte chimique.). In: Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen Rijksuniversiteit Gent, 49 (2a) 257-266.

Moghal S M, Perwaiz M S, Jagirdar H H, 1977. The effect of some sulphur fungicides on powdery mildew of chillies. Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research. 20 (4/5), 322-323.

Mohamed Y F, Bardin M, Nicot P C, Pitrat M, 1995. Causal agents of powdery mildew of cucurbits in Sudan. Plant Disease. 79 (6), 634-636. DOI:10.1094/PD-79-0634

Negrón J A, Rodríguez R, Avilés L, 1991. Fungicide evaluation for control of powdery mildew, Leveillula taurica (Lev.) Arn., of peppers in Puerto Rico. Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico. 75 (2), 119-123.

Nihoul P, Impe G van, Hance T, 1991. The effect of fungal diseases on integrated pest control in glasshouses. (L'incidence des maladies fongiques sur le contrôle intégré des ravageurs en serre.). Revue de l'Agriculture. 44 (2), 199-205.

Ondieki J J, 1973. The control of powdery mildew of capsicums with certain systemic and non-systemic fungicides. Acta Horticulturae. 137-142.

Padule D N, Newase A G, Patil B P, 1982. Survey for incidence of Fusarium wilt and other diseases of pigeon pea in central parts of western Maharashtra. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities. 7 (2), 159-161.

Palti J, 1974. Striking divergences in the distribution of Leveillula taurica (Lev.) Arn. on some major crop hosts. Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 13 (1/2), 17-22.

Papoyan F A, Kostanyan A V, Chobanyan S M, 1986. Some biological characteristics of the pathogen of powdery mildew of tomatoes in the north-eastern zone of the Armenian SSR. Mikologiya i Fitopatologiya. 20 (6), 513-514.

Parra R E J, Nass A H, Diaz Polanco C, 1976. Woolly mould of sesame in Venezuela 1. Aetiology of the disease. (Moho lanoso del ajonjoli en Venezuela. 1. Etiologia de la enfermedad.). Agronomia Tropical. 26 (5), 457-462.

Paul Y S, Bhardwaj L N, 1987. Powdery mildews on Prinsepia utilis Royle from India. Indian Forester. 113 (11), 753-754.

Pettersson M L, Rämert B, 1988. Plant protection year 1987 - horticulture. (Växtskyddsǻret 1987 - trädgǻrd.). Växtskyddsnotiser. 52 (3), 66-70.

Pinto C M F, Paula Júnior T J de, Mizubuti E S G, 1994. Diseases caused by fungi on artichoke, lettuce, chicory, strawberries and okra. (Doenças causadas por fungos em alcachofra, alface, chicória, morango e quiabo.). Informe Agropecuário (Belo Horizonte). 17 (182), 5-13.

Pyzhenkov V I, 1977. Initial material for breeding cucumber in the non-chernozem zone of the Russian SSR. (Iskhodnyi material dlya selektsii ogurtsa v Nechernozemnoi zone RSFSR.). Trudy po Prikladnoi Botanike, Genetike i Selektsii. 60 (3), 119-132.

Reddy M V, Subrahmanyam P, Likoswe A A, Saka V W, Msuku W A B, 1993. Pigeon pea diseases in Malawi. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin. 41 (2), 101-106.

Romberg M K, Kennedy A H, Ko M, 2014. First report of the powdery mildews Leveillula taurica and Podosphaera pannosa on Rose periwinkle in the United States. Plant Disease. 98 (6), 848. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-13-0981-PDN

Saharan G S, Saharan M S, 1994. Progression of powdery mildew on different varieties of linseed in relation to environmental conditions. Indian Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology. 24 (2), 88-92.

Sampangi R, Glawe D A, Mohan S K, 2007. First North American record of powdery mildew of Cleome hassleriana caused by Leveillula taurica. Plant Health Progress. 1-2.

Sánchez Castro M A, 1983. Grey rot of tomato caused by Oidiopsis taurica (Lev.) Salmon: a new disease in Sinaloa State, Mexico. (La cenicilla del tomate causada por Oidiopsis taurica (Lev.) Salmon: una nueva enferedad en el Estado de Sinaloa, México.). Revista Mexicana de Fitopatología. 2 (1), 3-6.

Sharifnabi B, Banihashemi Z, 1990. Study of Leveillula taurica, the incitant of sainfoin powdery mildew in Esfahan Province. Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology. 26 (1-4), 7-9 (en), 18-27 (Pe).

Sharma S R, 1984. Effect of different cropping seasons and tridemorph sprays on powdery mildew and yield of cluster bean. Zeitschrift fur Acker- und Pflanzenbau. 153 (2), 81-89.

Simay E I, 1991. Fungi found on lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) during 1985-1990. (Lucernán (Medicago sativa L.) 1985 és 1990 között megfigyelt gombák.). Növényvédelem. 27 (3), 117-124.

Sotirova V, Georgiev C, Achkova Z, Bogatsevska N, 1990. The three-genome hybrid (Lycopersicon esculentum - L. chilense - L. peruvianum var. humifusum) - source of resistance to some economically important tomato disease. In: Proceedings of the XIth Eucarpia meeting on tomato genetics and breeding [Proceedings of the XIth Eucarpia meeting on tomato genetics and breeding], [ed. by Cuartero J, Gómez-Guillamón M L, Fernández-Muñoz R]. Málaga, Spain: 9-14.

Stamova L, 1993. Scope of the breeding tomatoes for disease resistance in Bulgaria. In: Proceedings of the XIIth Eucarpia meeting on tomato genetics and breeding, Plovdiv, Bulgaria, 27-31 July 1993. [Proceedings of the XIIth Eucarpia meeting on tomato genetics and breeding, Plovdiv, Bulgaria, 27-31 July 1993.], [ed. by Stamova L]. Plovdiv, Bulgaria: MARITSA Vegetable Crops Research Institute. 11-18.

Uchida J Y, Aragaki M, Ogata D Y, 1995. First report of Leveillula taurica in Hawaii. Plant Disease. 79 (9), 966. DOI:10.1094/PD-79-0966D

UK, CAB International, 1996. Leveillula taurica. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases. Map 217.

Vakalounakis D J, 2016. Occurrence of powdery mildew caused by Leveillula taurica on onion (Allium cepa) in Greece. Plant Disease. 100 (5), 1020. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-15-1074-PDN

Vakalounakis D J, Klironomou E, Papadakis A, 1994. Species spectrum, host range and distribution of powdery mildews on Cucurbitaceae in Crete. Plant Pathology. 43 (5), 813-818. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.1994.tb01625.x

Vivas M, Silveira S F, Liberato J R, 2010. First record of anamorphic Leveillula taurica on Vasconcellea goudotiana (Caricaceae) in Brazil. Australasian Plant Disease Notes. 5 (1), 126-128. http://www.publish.csiro.au/nid/208.htm DOI:10.1071/DN10046

Wankhade S V, Peshney N L, 1992. Conidial survey and cross infectivity of certain powdery mildew fungi prevalent in Vidarbha. Indian Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology. 22 (2), 195-196.

Yücel S, 1994. Survey studies of fungal diseases of protected vegetable areas in Mediterranean region. (Akdeniz bölgesi örtü altı sebze alanlarında görülen fungal hastalıklar.). Bitki Koruma Bülteni. 34 (1/2), 23-34.

Zacha V, Novakova J, 1981. Leveillula solanacearum Gol. on pepper in Czechoslovakia. (Leveillula solanacearum Gol. na paprike v CSSR.). Sbornik UVTIZ, Ochrana Rostlin. 17 (3), 226.

Zheng X H, Xu B, Zhao Z Y, 2013. First report of powdery mildew of snow lotus (Saussurea involucrata) caused by Leveillula taurica in China. Plant Disease. 97 (6), 848. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-12-12-1157-PDN

Zuijderwijk M, Dik AJ, 1996. Sulphur controls powdery in pepper. In: Groente en Fruit/Glasgroenten, 6 (46) 24-25.

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map