Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Acronicta rumicis
(knotgrass moth)

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Datasheet

Acronicta rumicis (knotgrass moth)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Acronicta rumicis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • knotgrass moth
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Larva of A. rumicis on Malus leaf.
TitleLarva
CaptionLarva of A. rumicis on Malus leaf.
CopyrightNOVARTIS Crop Protection AG, Basel Switzerland
Larva of A. rumicis on Malus leaf.
LarvaLarva of A. rumicis on Malus leaf.NOVARTIS Crop Protection AG, Basel Switzerland

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Acronicta rumicis (Linnaeus, 1758)

Preferred Common Name

  • knotgrass moth

Other Scientific Names

  • Acronicta alnoides Geest, 1903
  • Acronicta grisea Warren, 1913
  • Acronicta marginata Lambillion, 1909
  • Acronicta striata Meves, 1914
  • Acronicta suhrianna Gillmer, 1907
  • Acronicta tugubris Schultc, 1902
  • Acronycta bercei Saunders, 1870
  • Acronycta diffusa Walker, 1857
  • Acronycta rumicis ssp. pallida Rothschild, 1920
  • Acronycta rumicis ssp. rumicina Bryk, 1949
  • Acronycta rumicis var. turanica Staudinger, 1888
  • Acronycta salicis Curtis, 1826
  • Apatele rumicis (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Apatele rumicis ssp. oriens Inoue & Sugi, 1958
  • Pharetra rumicis (Linnaeus, 1758)

International Common Names

  • English: sorrel cutworm
  • Spanish: noctua de la acedera
  • French: noctuelle de l'oseille

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: syreugle
  • Finland: pilkkuiltayökkönen
  • Germany: Ampfereule
  • Japan: nasi-kenmon
  • Norway: syrefly
  • Russian Federation: shchawelevaja sovka
  • Sweden: syraaftonfly

EPPO code

  • ACRNRU (Acronicta rumicis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Noctuidae
  •                             Genus: Acronicta
  •                                 Species: Acronicta rumicis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Asia

AfghanistanPresentHacker (1990)
ArmeniaPresentHacker (1990)
AzerbaijanPresentKozhantchikov (1950)
ChinaPresentCABI (Undated)Present based on regional distribution.
-JiangsuPresentHu and Qi (1993)
-LiaoningPresentFu JunFan et al. (2009)
-TibetPresentKozhantchikov (1950)
GeorgiaPresentKozhantchikov (1950)
IndiaPresentCABI (Undated)Present based on regional distribution.
-SikkimPresentKozhantchikov (1950)
IranPresentHacker (1990)
IraqPresentHacker (1990)
IsraelPresentHacker (1990)
JapanPresentInoue and Sugi (1958)
JordanPresentHacker (1990)
KazakhstanPresentKozhantchikov (1950)
KyrgyzstanPresentKozhantchikov (1950)
LebanonPresentHacker (1990)
MongoliaPresentKozhantchikov (1950)
South KoreaPresentLee et al. (1970)
SyriaPresentHacker (1990)
TajikistanPresentKozhantchikov (1950)
TurkeyPresentKozhantchikov (1950)
TurkmenistanPresentKozhantchikov (1950)
UzbekistanPresentKozhantchikov (1950)

Europe

AlbaniaPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
AndorraPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
AustriaPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
BelarusPresentKozhantchikov (1950)
BelgiumPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
Bosnia and HerzegovinaPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
BulgariaPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
CroatiaPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
CyprusPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
CzechiaPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
CzechoslovakiaPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
DenmarkPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
EstoniaPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
Faroe IslandsPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
FinlandPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
FrancePresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
-CorsicaPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
GermanyPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
GibraltarPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
GreecePresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
HungaryPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
IrelandPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
ItalyPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
LatviaPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
LiechtensteinPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
LithuaniaPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
LuxembourgPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
MaltaPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
MoldovaPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
MonacoPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
NetherlandsPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
North MacedoniaPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
NorwayPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
PolandPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
PortugalPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
-MadeiraPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
RomaniaPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
RussiaPresentCABI (Undated)Present based on regional distribution.
-Central RussiaPresentKozhantchikov (1950)
-Eastern SiberiaPresentKozhantchikov (1950)
-Northern RussiaPresentKozhantchikov (1950)
-Russian Far EastPresentKozhantchikov (1950)
-Southern RussiaPresentKozhantchikov (1950)
-Western SiberiaPresentKozhantchikov (1950)
Serbia and MontenegroPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
SlovakiaPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
SloveniaPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
SpainPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
SwedenPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
SwitzerlandPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)
UkrainePresentKozhantchikov (1950)
United KingdomPresentNowacki and Fibiger (1996)

Growth Stages

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List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / external feeding
Whole plant / external feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Blondelia nigripes Parasite Larvae
Compsilura concinnata Parasite Larvae
Cotesia congregata Parasite Larvae
Exorista larvarum Parasite Larvae
Exorista segregata Parasite Larvae
Masicera pavoniae Parasite Larvae
Nilea hortulana Parasite Larvae
Nilea innoxia Parasite Larvae
Nilea rufiscutellaris Parasite Larvae
Pales pavida Parasite Larvae
Periarchiclops scutellaris Parasite Larvae
Pimpla hypochondriaca Parasite Pupae
Sturmia bella Parasite Larvae
Trichogramma principium Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma silvestre Parasite Eggs
Zenillia libatrix Parasite Larvae

References

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Danilevsky AS, 1961. Photoperiodism and seasonal development of insects. Leningrad, USSR: Leningradsky Universitet, 243 pp. (1965. Translated from Russian by J Johnson assisted by N Waloff. London, UK: Oliver and Boyd).

Dochkova B, 1971. Injurious Noctuids on sugar-beet in northern Bulgaria. Rastitelna Zashchita, 19(12):11-13

Fu JunFan; Fu Chao; Yan XueRui; Dai HanPing; Yu ShuYi; Han Xiao, 2009. Preliminary report of pests and diseases on raspberry in Liaoning province. Journal of Jilin Agricultural University, 31(5):661-665. http://xuebao.jlau.edu.cn

Goryshin NI; Tyshchenko GF, 1976. Parallel phenomena in the photoperiodic reactions and circadian rhythms of insects under light-dark rhythms of various lengths. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie, 55(4):750-762

Hacker H, 1990. Die Noctuidae Vorderasiens. Neue Entomologishe Nachrichten, 27:191.

Hu M; Qi ML, 1993. The morphology and behaviour of Acronicta rumicis L. Entomological Knowledge, 30(2):95-96

Inoue H; Sugi S, 1958. Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Japan, Part 5. Tokyo, Japan: Kodansha Co. Ltd., pp. 437.

Kind TV, 1983. The action of temperature on the induction of diapause in the knotgrass moth (Acronycta rumicis). Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 62(7):1015-1025

Kozhantchikov IV, 1950. In: Pavlovski EN, Schtackelberg AA, eds. Fauna of USSR. Insecta, Lepidoptera. Moskwa, Leningrad, USSR: Akademija Nauk SSSR, 12:529-533.

Kozhantchikov IV, 1958. Hibernation and diapause in Lepidopterous insects of Orgyidae family (Lepidoptera, Insecta). Izvestija Akademii Nauk SSSR, 6:653-673.

Lee SC; Yoo JK; Yoo CH, 1970. Survey on the kinds of the fruit sucking moths and their damages in Korea (II). Korean Journal of Plant Protection, 9:99-102.

Nowacki J; Fibiger M, 1996. Family Noctuidae. In: Karsholt O, Razowski J, eds. The Lepidoptera of Europe. A Distributional Checklist. Stenstrup, Denmark: Apollo Books, 251-293.

Simakova TP, 1971. Geographic variability in reactions of hibernating stages in Acronicta rumicis. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 50:373-382.

Zandigiacomo P, 1990. The principal pests of soyabean in north-eastern Italy in 1989. Informatore Fitopatologico, 40(8):55-58

Distribution References

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Fu JunFan, Fu Chao, Yan XueRui, Dai HanPing, Yu ShuYi, Han Xiao, 2009. Preliminary report of pests and diseases on raspberry in Liaoning province. Journal of Jilin Agricultural University. 31 (5), 661-665. http://xuebao.jlau.edu.cn

Hacker H, 1990. (Die Noctuidae Vorderasiens). In: Neue Entomologishe Nachrichten, 27 191.

Hu M, Qi M L, 1993. The morphology and behaviour of Acronicta rumicis L. Entomological Knowledge. 30 (2), 95-96.

Inoue H, Sugi S, 1958. Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Japan., Tokyo, Japan: Kodansha Co. Ltd. 437 pp.

Kozhantchikov IV, 1950. Fauna of USSR. Insecta, Lepidoptera., 12 [ed. by Pavlovski EN, Schtackelberg AA]. Moskwa, Leningrad, USSR: Akademija Nauk SSSR. 529-533.

Lee S C, Yoo J K, Yoo C Y, 1970. Survey on the kinds of the fruit sucking moths and their damages in Korea (II). Korean Journal of Plant Protection. 9 (2), 99-102.

Nowacki J, Fibiger M, 1996. Family Noctuidae. In: The Lepidoptera of Europe. A Distributional Checklist, [ed. by Karsholt O, Razowski J]. Stenstrup, Denmark: Apollo Books. 251-293.

Distribution Maps

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