Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Lacanobia oleracea
(bright-line brown-eye moth)



Lacanobia oleracea (bright-line brown-eye moth)


  • Last modified
  • 10 December 2020
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Lacanobia oleracea
  • Preferred Common Name
  • bright-line brown-eye moth
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Lacanobia oleracea (Linnaeus)

Preferred Common Name

  • bright-line brown-eye moth

Other Scientific Names

  • Barathra oleracea (Linnaeus)
  • Diataraxia oleracea (Linnaeus)
  • Hadena oleracea (Linnaeus)
  • Mamestra oleracea (Linnaeus)
  • Polia oleracea (Linnaeus)

International Common Names

  • English: glasshouse tomato, moth; tomato moth
  • Spanish: noctua de las huertas
  • French: noctuelle potagere

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: haveugle
  • Finland: vihannesyoekkoenen
  • Germany: Eule, Gemuese-; Eule, Salat-
  • Italy: Erbaggivora; Nottua degli orti
  • Netherlands: Groenteuil
  • Norway: gronsaksfly; hagefly; tomatfly
  • Sweden: groensaksfly

EPPO code

  • POLIOL (Polia oleracea)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Noctuidae
  •                             Genus: Lacanobia
  •                                 Species: Lacanobia oleracea

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 17 Feb 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes




Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresent
Union of Soviet Socialist RepublicsPresent
United KingdomPresent

Habitat List

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List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / internal feeding
Leaves / external feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Athrycia curvinervis Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis galleriae Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis thuringiensis Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen
Blondelia nigripes Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Compsilura concinnata Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Cotesia telengai Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Eulophus pennicornis Parasite
Eurithia anthophila Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Eurithia consobrina Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Exetastes atrator Parasite
Exorista fasciata Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Exorista larvarum Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Microplitis mediator Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Nemoraea pellucida Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Pales pavida Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Pelatachina tibialis Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Peribaea tibialis Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Phorocera assimilis Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Phryxe nemea Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Phryxe vulgaris Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Pseudogonia rufifrons Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Senometopia evolans Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Siphona cristata Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Spallanzania hebes Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Steinernema feltiae Parasite
Trichogramma evanescens Parasite Eggs
Voria ruralis Parasite Arthropods|Larvae


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Cabello, T., 1989. Natural enemies of noctuid pests (Lep., Noctuidae) on alfalfa, corn, cotton and soybean crops in southern Spain. Journal of Applied Entomology, 108(1), 80-88. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0418.1989.tb00436.x

Cartea, M. E., Padilla, G., Vilar, M., Velasco, P., 2009. Incidence of the major Brassica pests in Northwestern Spain. Journal of Economic Entomology, 102(2), 767-773. doi: 10.1603/029.102.0238

Carter DJ, 1984. Pest Lepidoptera of Europe with special reference to the British Isles. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk.

Gabarra, R., Besri, M., 1999. Tomatoes [Chapter 30]. In: Integrated Pest and Disease Management in Greenhouse Crops, 14, NETHERLANDS: Kluwer academic publishers. 420-434. doi: 10.1007/0-306-47585-5_30

Distribution References

Abdurakhmanov G M, Abdurakhmanov A G, Kurbanova N S, Melikova N M, 2012. New Data on Comparative Analysis of Noctuid Moths (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) of the Islands Tulenei, Chechen and Nordoviy of the North-Western Caspian Sea. (НОВЫЕ ДАННЫЕ ПО СРАВНИТЕЛЬНОМУ АНАЛИЗУ СОВОК (LEPIDOPTERA, NOCTUIDAE) ОСТРОВОВ ТЮЛЕНИЙ, ЧЕЧЕНЬ И НОРДОВЫЙ СЕВЕРО-ЗАПАДНОГО КАСПИЯ). The South of Russia: Ecology, Development. 29-32. DOI:10.18470/1992-1098-2012-4-29-32

Abdurakhmanov G M, Abdurakhmanov A G, Kurbanova N, Melikov N, 2012a. Peculiarities of the Spatial Distribution of the Noctuidae (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) of the Island Of Chechen. (ОСОБЕННОСТИ ПРОСТРАНСТВЕННОГО РАСПРЕДЕЛЕНИЯ СОВОК (LEPIDOPTERA, NOCTUIDAE) ОСТРОВА ЧЕЧЕНЬ). South of Russia ecology development. 17. DOI:10.18470/1992-1098-2012-3-17-19

Arnaudov V, Raykov S, Davidova R, Hristov H, Vasilev V, Petkov P, 2012. Monitoring of pest populations - an important element of integrated pest management of field crops. Agricultural Science and Technology. 4 (1), 77-80.

Beshkov S, Nowacki J, Palka K, 1999. Contribution to the knowledge on the distribution of Macrolepidoptera in Bulgaria. Entomological News. 18 (3), 169-185.

Cabello T, 1989. Natural enemies of noctuid pests (Lep., Noctuidae) on alfalfa, corn, cotton and soybean crops in southern Spain. Journal of Applied Entomology. 108 (1), 80-88. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0418.1989.tb00436.x

CABI Data Mining, Undated. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Cartea M E, Padilla G, Vilar M, Velasco P, 2009. Incidence of the major Brassica pests in Northwestern Spain. Journal of Economic Entomology. 102 (2), 767-773. DOI:10.1603/029.102.0238

Crook N E, Brown J D, Foster G N, 1982. Isolation and characterization of a granulosis virus from the tomato moth, Lacanobia oleracea, and its potential as a control agent. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 40 (2), 221-227. DOI:10.1016/0022-2011(82)90119-7

Devetak M, Bohinc T, Kač M, Trdan S, 2014. Seasonal dynamics of the cabbage armyworm (Mamestra brassicae [L.]) and the bright-line brown-eyes moth (Mamestra oleracea [L.]) in Slovenia. Horticultural Science. 41 (2), 80-88.

Fayle T M, Sharp R E, Majerus M E N, 2007. The Effect of Moth Trap Type on Catch Size and Composition in British Lepidoptera. 221-232.,Sharp%20and%20Majerus%20%282007%29.pdf

Freier B, Gottwald R, 1990. The use of pheromone traps for monitoring noctuids in vegetable fields (Noctuidae). (Einsatz von Pheromonfallen zur Überwachung von Eulenschmetterlingen (Noctuidae) in Feldgemüsebau.). Nachrichtenblatt für den Pflanzenschutz in der DDR. 44 (1), 8-12.

Gathmann A, Wirooks L, Hothorn L A, Bartsch D, Schuphan I, 2006. Impact of Bt maize pollen (MON810) on lepidopteran larvae living on accompanying weeds. Molecular Ecology. 15 (9), 2677-2685. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2006.02962.x

Ionescu C, Pascedilla˜ol P, 1987. The structure, distribution and seasonal dynamics of the main noctuid species injurious to crop plants in Romania in 1984. (Structura, răspindirea și dinamica sezonieră a principalelor specii de noctuide dăunătoare plantelor de cultură din România in anul 1984.). Lucrări Științifice, Institutul Agronomic 'Nicolae', Bălcescu București, Seria A, Agronomie. 30 (1), 49-57.

Jakubowska M, 2011. Quality structure of the noctuidae family in selected habitats of the agricultural landscape. Journal of Plant Protection Research. 51 (2), 166-170. DOI:10.2478/v10045-011-0029-5

Klyuchko Z F, Severov I G, 2007. Today's Condition of Populations of Moths (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) of Striltsivsky Steppe (Lugansk Region, Ukraine). (СУЧАСНИЙ СТАН ФАУНИ СОВОК (LEPIDOPTERA: NOCTUIDAE) СТРІЛЬЦІВСЬКОГО СТЕПУ (ЛУГАНСЬКА ОБЛ., УКРАЇНА)). 14 (43832), 122-128.

Lemic D, Drmić Z, Bažok R, 2016. Population dynamics of noctuid moths and damage forecasting in sugar beet. Agricultural and Forest Entomology. 18 (2), 128-136. DOI:10.1111/afe.12145

Meyer M, Braunert C, Gerend R, Schrankel I, 2003. Résultats de l'excursion annuelle du groupe de travail entomologique de la Société des naturalistes luxembourgeois. In: Bulletin de la Société des Naturalistes Luxembourgeois. 103 103-120.

Novotný D, Zapletal M, Kepka P, Beneš J, Konvička M, 2015. Large moths captures by a pest monitoring system depend on farmland heterogeneity. Journal of Applied Entomology. 139 (5), 390-400. DOI:10.1111/jen.12185

Novotny V, Drozd P, Miller S E, Kulfan M, Janda M, Basset Y, Weiblen G D, 2006. Why are there so many species of herbivorous insects in tropical rainforests? Science (Washington). 313 (5790), 1115-1118. DOI:10.1126/science.1129237

Nowacki J, 1992. Noctuids (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) of Roztocze. (Sówkowate (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) Roztocza.). In: Fragmenta Faunistica, 35 (24) 397-414.

Nowacki J, Palka K, 2015. Noctuid moths (Lepidoptera: Noctuoidea: Nolidae, Erebidae, Noctuidae) of the Nowa Deba Military Training Area in the Sandomierz Primeval Forest (south-eastern Poland). Fragmenta Faunistica. 58 (1), 21-36. DOI:10.3161/00159301FF.1.021

Okyar Z, 2012. HETEROCERAN (LEPIDOPTERA) FAUNA OF WESTERN BLACK SEA REGION. Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences. 13 (1), 1-14.

Okyar Z, Tezcan S, 2001. On the noctuid fauna (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) of ecological cherry orchards in western Turkey. Zoology in the Middle East. 95-102. DOI:10.1080/09397140.2001.10637853

O'Neill B F, Bond K, Tyner A, Sheppard R, Bryant T, Chapman J, Bell J, Donnelly A, 2012. Climatic change is advancing the phenology of moth species in Ireland. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. 143 (1), 74-88. DOI:10.1111/j.1570-7458.2012.01234.x

Ostrauskas H, 2001. Moths in pheromone traps for Anarsia lineatella Zll. and Phthorimaea operculella Zll. (Gelechiidae, Lepidoptera) in Lithuania. Acta Zoologica Lituanica. 11 (4), 372-384. DOI:10.1080/13921657.2001.10512473

Ostrauskas H, 2003. Moths caught in pheromone traps for southern armyworm (Spodoptera eridania Cr.), fall armyworm (S. frugiperda Sm.), and Egyptian cotton leafworm (S. littoralis Bsd.) (Noctuidae, Lepidoptera) during 1999-2001 in Lithuania. Acta Zoologica Lituanica. 13 (4), 411-424. DOI:10.1080/13921657.2003.10512314

Ostrauskas H, 2004. Moths caught in pheromone traps for American white moth (Hyphantria cunea Dr.) (Arctiidae, Lepidoptera) in Lithuania during 2001. Acta Zoologica Lituanica. 14 (1), 66-74. DOI:10.1080/13921657.2004.10512574

Pawley E, 2012. A Rocha Portugal Observatory Report 2009-2010. In: Associação A Rocha, UK: Associação A Rocha.

Stojanović D V, Ćurčić S B, 2011. The Diversity of Noctuid Moths (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Serbia. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica. 63 (1), 47-60.

Stojanović D, Ćurčić S, Orlović S, Galić Z, 2011. Noctuid pest species inventory (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) of the National Park "Fruška gora". (Inventarizacija faune štetnih sovica (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Nacionalnog Parka "Fruška gora".). Šumarski List. 135 (11/12), 585-593.

Sumpich J, 2005. The results of a moth survey (Lepidoptera) in meadow biotopes near Kamenice nad Lipou. (Výsledky kvantitativního sledování řádu motýlů (Lepidoptera) na loukách u Kamenice nad Lipou). Acta Rerum Naturalium. 105-116.

Tadic M, 1979. List of insects captured with ultraviolet light traps during the period 1972-1974. (Spisak insekata ulovljenih ultravioletnim svetlosnim lovnim mamcima u periodu od 1972. do 1974. godine.). Zastita Bilja. 30 (4), 371-382.

Terytze K, Adam H, Kovaljev B, 1987. The use of pheromone traps for monitoring harmful Lepidoptera species on cabbage. (Einsatz von Pheromonfallen zur Überwachung von schádlichen Lepidopteren-Arten im Kohlgemüseanbau.). Archiv für Phytopathologie und Pflanzenschutz. 23 (6), 465-473.

Trandem N, 2003. Greenhouse production of strawberries and blackberries in Norway - arthropod pests and biological control. Bulletin OILB/SROP. 26 (2), 45-50.

Vajgand D, 2010. Data on occurrence of economically significant moths for the locality Celarevo (Vojvodina, Serbia). (Podaci o pojavi ekonomski značajnih leptira za lokalitet Čelarevo (Vojvodina, Srbija).). Biljni Lekar (Plant Doctor). 38 (6), 464-474.

Vajgand D, 2014. Occurrence of moths in 2014 and forecast for 2015. (Pojava noćnih leptira tokom 2014. i prognoza za 2015. godinu.). Biljni Lekar (Plant Doctor). 42 (6), 429-442.

Vajgand D, 2017. The occurrence of potentially harmful moths in Sombor and Celarevo (Serbia) in 2016 and forecast for 2017. Acta Entomologica Serbica. 27-40.

Distribution Maps

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