Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Larix kaempferi
(Japanese larch)

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Datasheet

Larix kaempferi (Japanese larch)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Larix kaempferi
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Japanese larch
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •         Class: Pinopsida
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Dye/tanning
  • Fibre
  • Ornamental
  • Shade and shelter

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
A 15-year-old Japanese larch test plantation, located at Batiscan, near Trois Rivières, Québec, Canada. Thinning was carried out to create a seed production area.
TitleJapanese larch in a 15-year-old plantation
CaptionA 15-year-old Japanese larch test plantation, located at Batiscan, near Trois Rivières, Québec, Canada. Thinning was carried out to create a seed production area.
CopyrightG. Lapointe/Direction de la recherche forestière
A 15-year-old Japanese larch test plantation, located at Batiscan, near Trois Rivières, Québec, Canada. Thinning was carried out to create a seed production area.
Japanese larch in a 15-year-old plantationA 15-year-old Japanese larch test plantation, located at Batiscan, near Trois Rivières, Québec, Canada. Thinning was carried out to create a seed production area.G. Lapointe/Direction de la recherche forestière
A 13-year-old trial Japanese larch plantation, located at Batiscan, near Trois Rivières, Québec, Canada. Average tree height at age 10 years was 7.6 m, average d.b.h. 10 cm.
TitleA 13-year-old Japanese larch plantation
CaptionA 13-year-old trial Japanese larch plantation, located at Batiscan, near Trois Rivières, Québec, Canada. Average tree height at age 10 years was 7.6 m, average d.b.h. 10 cm.
CopyrightJ. Claveau/Direction de la recherche forestière
A 13-year-old trial Japanese larch plantation, located at Batiscan, near Trois Rivières, Québec, Canada. Average tree height at age 10 years was 7.6 m, average d.b.h. 10 cm.
A 13-year-old Japanese larch plantationA 13-year-old trial Japanese larch plantation, located at Batiscan, near Trois Rivières, Québec, Canada. Average tree height at age 10 years was 7.6 m, average d.b.h. 10 cm.J. Claveau/Direction de la recherche forestière
A 35-year-old Japanese larch test plantation, located at Harrington, near Montréal, Québec, Canada. Average tree height is 25.6 m; average d.b.h. 27.6 cm. Mean annual increment is 9.8 cubic meres per hectare.
TitleA 35-year-old Japanese larch plantation
CaptionA 35-year-old Japanese larch test plantation, located at Harrington, near Montréal, Québec, Canada. Average tree height is 25.6 m; average d.b.h. 27.6 cm. Mean annual increment is 9.8 cubic meres per hectare.
CopyrightA. Stipanicic/Direction de la recherche forestière
A 35-year-old Japanese larch test plantation, located at Harrington, near Montréal, Québec, Canada. Average tree height is 25.6 m; average d.b.h. 27.6 cm. Mean annual increment is 9.8 cubic meres per hectare.
A 35-year-old Japanese larch plantationA 35-year-old Japanese larch test plantation, located at Harrington, near Montréal, Québec, Canada. Average tree height is 25.6 m; average d.b.h. 27.6 cm. Mean annual increment is 9.8 cubic meres per hectare.A. Stipanicic/Direction de la recherche forestière
Bark of an adult Japanese larch tree.
TitleBark
CaptionBark of an adult Japanese larch tree.
CopyrightG. Lapointe/Direction de la recherche forestière
Bark of an adult Japanese larch tree.
BarkBark of an adult Japanese larch tree.G. Lapointe/Direction de la recherche forestière
The reddish-brown bark of the current-year shoot is characteristic of Japanese larch.
TitleShoot
CaptionThe reddish-brown bark of the current-year shoot is characteristic of Japanese larch.
CopyrightA.Stipanicic/Direction de la recherche forestière
The reddish-brown bark of the current-year shoot is characteristic of Japanese larch.
ShootThe reddish-brown bark of the current-year shoot is characteristic of Japanese larch.A.Stipanicic/Direction de la recherche forestière
Flowers before pollen dispersion.
TitleMale flowers
CaptionFlowers before pollen dispersion.
CopyrightG. Lapointe/Direction de la recherche forestière
Flowers before pollen dispersion.
Male flowersFlowers before pollen dispersion.G. Lapointe/Direction de la recherche forestière
Female cone of Japanese larch during it's period of receptivity, with yellowish bracts visible.
TitleFemale cone
CaptionFemale cone of Japanese larch during it's period of receptivity, with yellowish bracts visible.
CopyrightG. Lapointe/Direction de la recherche forestière
Female cone of Japanese larch during it's period of receptivity, with yellowish bracts visible.
Female coneFemale cone of Japanese larch during it's period of receptivity, with yellowish bracts visible.G. Lapointe/Direction de la recherche forestière
Mature cones of Japanese larch, as they begin to disperse their seeds.
TitleCones
CaptionMature cones of Japanese larch, as they begin to disperse their seeds.
CopyrightG. Lapointe/Direction de la recherche forestière
Mature cones of Japanese larch, as they begin to disperse their seeds.
ConesMature cones of Japanese larch, as they begin to disperse their seeds.G. Lapointe/Direction de la recherche forestière
Mature cones of Japanese larch, after they open and while they disperse their seeds.
TitleCones
CaptionMature cones of Japanese larch, after they open and while they disperse their seeds.
CopyrightA. Stipanicic/Direction de la recherche forestière
Mature cones of Japanese larch, after they open and while they disperse their seeds.
ConesMature cones of Japanese larch, after they open and while they disperse their seeds.A. Stipanicic/Direction de la recherche forestière

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Larix kaempferi (Lamb.) Carrière

Preferred Common Name

  • Japanese larch

Other Scientific Names

  • Abies leptolepis Siebold & Zucc.
  • Larix japonica Carrière
  • Larix kaempferi var. pendula (Beissner) C. K. Schneid
  • Larix leptolepis (Siebold & Zucc.) Gordon
  • Larix leptolepis f. pendula (Beissner) Rehder
  • Larix leptolepis var. louchanensis Y. de Ferré & M. T. Augère
  • Larix leptolepis var. murrayana Maxim.
  • Larix leptolepis var. pendula Beissner
  • Pinus kaempferi Lamb.
  • Pseudolarix kaempferi (Lamb.) Gordon

International Common Names

  • Spanish: alerce del Japon
  • French: mélèze du Japon

Local Common Names

  • Finland: Japanin lehtikuusi
  • Germany: Japanische Laerche; japanische Lärche
  • Italy: larice giappone
  • Japan: fujimatsu; karamatsu; nihonkaramatsu
  • Netherlands: japanse lork
  • Sweden: Japansk lärk

EPPO code

  • LAXLE (Larix kaempferi)

Trade name

  • larch

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •                 Class: Pinopsida
  •                     Family: Pinaceae
  •                         Genus: Larix
  •                             Species: Larix kaempferi

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Armillaria ostoyae (armillaria root rot); Botryosphaeria laricina (shoot blight of larch); Ips subelongatus (larch bark beetle); Lachnellula willkommii (European larch canker); Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth); Lymantria monacha (nun moth); Monochamus nitens (sawyer beetle); Monochamus saltuarius (Japanese pine sawyer); Phyllophaga (white grubs); Pristiphora erichsonii (larch sawfly)

Minor host of:

Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode); Cephalcia lariciphila (european web-spinning larch sawfly); Fomitopsis pinicola (brown crumbly rot); Gremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease); Halyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug); Heterobasidion annosum; Heterobasidion parviporum; Ips cembrae (large larch bark beetle); Malacosoma neustria (common lackey); Melolontha melolontha (white grub cockchafer); Monochamus alternatus (Japanese pine sawyer); Mycosphaerella laricis-leptolepidis (needle cast of Japanese larch); Otiorhynchus singularis (clay coloured weevil); Phytophthora ramorum (Sudden Oak Death (SOD)); Pityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion)

Wild host of:

Trichodorus (stubby root nematodes)

Host of (source - data mining):

Armillaria limonea; Armillaria novae-zelandiae; Coleophora laricella (larch casebearer); Dendrolimus superans (hemlock caterpillar, Japanese); Eurytoma laricis; Megastigmus rosae (rose seed chalcid); Phaeolus schweinitzii (pine butt rot); Sparassis crispa; Zeiraphera diniana (douglas fir cone moth (Japan))

Uses List

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Environmental

  • Agroforestry
  • Shade and shelter

General

  • Ornamental

Materials

  • Dye/tanning
  • Fibre
  • Gum/resin
  • Miscellaneous materials
  • Wood/timber

Wood Products

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Boats

Containers

  • Boxes
  • Cases
  • Crates
  • Pallets

Furniture

Pulp

  • Long-fibre pulp

Roundwood

  • Building poles
  • Piles
  • Pit props
  • Posts
  • Stakes

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Beams
  • Bridges
  • Carpentry/joinery (exterior/interior)
  • Engineering structures
  • Exterior fittings
  • Fences
  • Flooring
  • For heavy construction
  • For light construction
  • Gates

Veneers

Wood-based materials

  • Laminated veneer lumber
  • Laminated wood