Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Larix gmelinii
(Dahurian larch)

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Datasheet

Larix gmelinii (Dahurian larch)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Larix gmelinii
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Dahurian larch
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •         Class: Pinopsida
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Revegetation
  • Shade and shelter
  • Windbreak

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Larix gmelinii in Helongjiang, north-east China.
TitleTree habit
CaptionLarix gmelinii in Helongjiang, north-east China.
CopyrightCai Tijiu
Larix gmelinii in Helongjiang, north-east China.
Tree habitLarix gmelinii in Helongjiang, north-east China.Cai Tijiu
Larix gmelinii: natural forest stand.
TitleTree habit
CaptionLarix gmelinii: natural forest stand.
CopyrightCai Tijiu
Larix gmelinii: natural forest stand.
Tree habitLarix gmelinii: natural forest stand.Cai Tijiu
Larix gmelinii: natural forest stand.
TitleTree habit
CaptionLarix gmelinii: natural forest stand.
CopyrightCai Tijiu
Larix gmelinii: natural forest stand.
Tree habitLarix gmelinii: natural forest stand.Cai Tijiu
Larix gmelinii: natural forest stand.
TitleTree habit
CaptionLarix gmelinii: natural forest stand.
CopyrightCai Tijiu
Larix gmelinii: natural forest stand.
Tree habitLarix gmelinii: natural forest stand.Cai Tijiu
Larix gmelinii: 15-year-old plantation established in Helongjiang, north-east China.
TitlePlantation stand
CaptionLarix gmelinii: 15-year-old plantation established in Helongjiang, north-east China.
CopyrightCai Tijiu
Larix gmelinii: 15-year-old plantation established in Helongjiang, north-east China.
Plantation standLarix gmelinii: 15-year-old plantation established in Helongjiang, north-east China.Cai Tijiu
Larix gmelinii: 30-year-old plantation established in Helongjiang, north-east China.
TitlePlantation stand
CaptionLarix gmelinii: 30-year-old plantation established in Helongjiang, north-east China.
CopyrightCai Tijiu
Larix gmelinii: 30-year-old plantation established in Helongjiang, north-east China.
Plantation standLarix gmelinii: 30-year-old plantation established in Helongjiang, north-east China.Cai Tijiu
Larix gmelinii: 30-year-old plantation established in Helongjiang, north-east China.
TitlePlantation stand
CaptionLarix gmelinii: 30-year-old plantation established in Helongjiang, north-east China.
CopyrightCai Tijiu
Larix gmelinii: 30-year-old plantation established in Helongjiang, north-east China.
Plantation standLarix gmelinii: 30-year-old plantation established in Helongjiang, north-east China.Cai Tijiu
TitleBark
Caption
CopyrightCai Tijiu
BarkCai Tijiu
Larix gmelinii: (a) cone shoot; (b & c) cone; (d & e) upper and lower scale surfaces (f & g) seed surfaces.
TitlePlant parts
CaptionLarix gmelinii: (a) cone shoot; (b & c) cone; (d & e) upper and lower scale surfaces (f & g) seed surfaces.
CopyrightCai Tijiu
Larix gmelinii: (a) cone shoot; (b & c) cone; (d & e) upper and lower scale surfaces (f & g) seed surfaces.
Plant partsLarix gmelinii: (a) cone shoot; (b & c) cone; (d & e) upper and lower scale surfaces (f & g) seed surfaces.Cai Tijiu

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Larix gmelinii (Rupr.) Rupr.

Preferred Common Name

  • Dahurian larch

Variety

  • Larix gmelinii var. gmelinii
  • Larix gmelinii var. japonica (Maxim. ex Regel) Pilg.
  • Larix gmelinii var. olgensis (A. Henry) Ostenf. & Syrach Larsen
  • Larix gmelinii var. principis-rupprechtii (Mayr) Pilg.
  • Larix gmelinii var. prostrata (Regel.) Hornibr.

Other Scientific Names

  • Abies gmelinii Rupr.
  • Larix amurensis hort. ex Beissn.
  • Larix cajanderi Mayr
  • Larix cajanderii Mayr
  • Larix dahurica Turcz. ex Trautv.
  • Larix dahurica a. typica Regel.
  • Larix dahurica cajanderii (Mayr.) Staf.
  • Larix dahurica f. denticulata Liou et Wang
  • Larix dahurica f. glauca Liou et Wang
  • Larix dahurica f. macrocarpa Liou et Wang
  • Larix dahurica var. principis-rupprechtii
  • Larix europaea var. dahurica (Laws.) Loud.
  • Larix gmelinii var. hsinganica Yang et Y.L. Chou
  • Larix olgensis A. Henry
  • Larix principis-rupprechtii Mayr
  • Pinus dahurica Fisch ex Turcz.

International Common Names

  • English: Gmelin larch
  • Spanish: alerce dahuriano
  • French: mélèze dahurien
  • Russian: Daurskaya listvennitsa; listvennitsa daurskaya
  • Chinese: luoye song; xinganluoyesong

Local Common Names

  • Germany: dahurische Lärche
  • Italy: larice dahuriano
  • Japan: gui-natsu
  • Netherlands: Aziatische lork; Oostsiberische lariks
  • Sweden: dahurisk lärk

EPPO code

  • LAXGM (Larix gmelinii)

Trade name

  • Dahurian larch

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •                 Class: Pinopsida
  •                     Family: Pinaceae
  •                         Genus: Larix
  •                             Species: Larix gmelinii

Uses List

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Environmental

  • Agroforestry
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Revegetation
  • Shade and shelter
  • Windbreak

Fuels

  • Fuelwood

General

  • Ornamental

Materials

  • Dye/tanning
  • Essential oils
  • Gum/resin
  • Miscellaneous materials
  • Rubber/latex
  • Wood/timber

Wood Products

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Boats

Containers

  • Boxes
  • Cooperage
  • Crates
  • Pallets

Furniture

Railway sleepers

Roundwood

  • Building poles
  • Piles
  • Pit props
  • Posts

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Beams
  • Bridges
  • Engineering structures
  • Exterior fittings
  • Fences
  • Flooring
  • For heavy construction
  • For light construction
  • Gates
  • Hydraulic works
  • Shingles

Vehicle bodies

Veneers

Wood extractives (including oil)

Wood wool

Wood-based materials

  • Fibreboard
  • Laminated strand lumber
  • Laminated wood
  • Plywood