Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Larix decidua
(common larch)

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Datasheet

Larix decidua (common larch)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Larix decidua
  • Preferred Common Name
  • common larch
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •         Class: Pinopsida
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Boundary, barrier or support
  • Revegetation
  • Shade and shelter
  • Windbreak

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
European larch plantation in autumn. Trees are 22-years-old, average height 14.0 m, d.b.h. 40 cm. Location: Verchères Arboretum, near Montréal, Québec, Canada.
TitleEuropean larch tree, late autumn
CaptionEuropean larch plantation in autumn. Trees are 22-years-old, average height 14.0 m, d.b.h. 40 cm. Location: Verchères Arboretum, near Montréal, Québec, Canada.
CopyrightG. Lapointe/Direction de la recherche forestière
European larch plantation in autumn. Trees are 22-years-old, average height 14.0 m, d.b.h. 40 cm. Location: Verchères Arboretum, near Montréal, Québec, Canada.
European larch tree, late autumnEuropean larch plantation in autumn. Trees are 22-years-old, average height 14.0 m, d.b.h. 40 cm. Location: Verchères Arboretum, near Montréal, Québec, Canada.G. Lapointe/Direction de la recherche forestière
Ten-year-old European larch plantation in early autumn, showing foliage colour. Average tree height 7 m. Location: Laroche County, Québec, Canada.
TitleYoung European larch trees
CaptionTen-year-old European larch plantation in early autumn, showing foliage colour. Average tree height 7 m. Location: Laroche County, Québec, Canada.
CopyrightG. Lapointe/Direction de la recherche forestière
Ten-year-old European larch plantation in early autumn, showing foliage colour. Average tree height 7 m. Location: Laroche County, Québec, Canada.
Young European larch treesTen-year-old European larch plantation in early autumn, showing foliage colour. Average tree height 7 m. Location: Laroche County, Québec, Canada.G. Lapointe/Direction de la recherche forestière
Bark of an adult European larch tree.
TitleBark
CaptionBark of an adult European larch tree.
CopyrightG. Lapointe/Direction de la recherche forestière
Bark of an adult European larch tree.
BarkBark of an adult European larch tree. G. Lapointe/Direction de la recherche forestière
The yellowish-grey bark on the current year shoot is characteristic of European larch.
TitleShoot
CaptionThe yellowish-grey bark on the current year shoot is characteristic of European larch.
CopyrightG. Lapointe/Direction de la recherche forestière
The yellowish-grey bark on the current year shoot is characteristic of European larch.
ShootThe yellowish-grey bark on the current year shoot is characteristic of European larch.G. Lapointe/Direction de la recherche forestière
Female inflorescences of European Larch are typically dark crimson or raspberry red.
TitleFemale inflorescence
CaptionFemale inflorescences of European Larch are typically dark crimson or raspberry red.
CopyrightG. Lapointe/Direction de la recherche forestière
Female inflorescences of European Larch are typically dark crimson or raspberry red.
Female inflorescenceFemale inflorescences of European Larch are typically dark crimson or raspberry red.G. Lapointe/Direction de la recherche forestière
Occasionally, female inflorescences of European Larch are green. On the same branch are the male conelets (arrowed) just before pollen dispersal.
TitleFemale inflorescence
CaptionOccasionally, female inflorescences of European Larch are green. On the same branch are the male conelets (arrowed) just before pollen dispersal.
CopyrightG. Lapointe/Direction de la recherche forestière
Occasionally, female inflorescences of European Larch are green. On the same branch are the male conelets (arrowed) just before pollen dispersal.
Female inflorescenceOccasionally, female inflorescences of European Larch are green. On the same branch are the male conelets (arrowed) just before pollen dispersal.G. Lapointe/Direction de la recherche forestière
Abundant cone production of European larch in a clonal seed orchard. Location: Duchesnay, Québec, Canada.
TitleCones
CaptionAbundant cone production of European larch in a clonal seed orchard. Location: Duchesnay, Québec, Canada.
CopyrightG. Lapointe/Direction de la recherche forestière
Abundant cone production of European larch in a clonal seed orchard. Location: Duchesnay, Québec, Canada.
ConesAbundant cone production of European larch in a clonal seed orchard. Location: Duchesnay, Québec, Canada.G. Lapointe/Direction de la recherche forestière

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Larix decidua Mill.

Preferred Common Name

  • common larch

Other Scientific Names

  • Larix europaea DC.
  • Pinus larix L.

International Common Names

  • English: European larch
  • Spanish: alerce de Europa; alerce europeo; melis
  • French: mélèze commun; mélèze d'Europe

Local Common Names

  • Finland: Eurooppalainen lehtikuusi
  • Germany: europäische Lärche; gemeine Lärche
  • Italy: larice europeo; malesu
  • Netherlands: Europese lariks; Europese lork; gewone lariks
  • Sweden: europeisk lärk

EPPO code

  • LAXDE (Larix decidua)

Trade name

  • larch

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •                 Class: Pinopsida
  •                     Family: Pinaceae
  •                         Genus: Larix
  •                             Species: Larix decidua

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Armillaria ostoyae (armillaria root rot); Cephalcia lariciphila (european web-spinning larch sawfly); Heterobasidion annosum; Hylastes ater (black pine bark beetle); Hylobius abietis (large pine weevil); Ips cembrae (large larch bark beetle); Lachnellula willkommii (European larch canker); Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth); Lymantria monacha (nun moth); Megastigmus pictus (larch seed chalcid); Mycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight); Pristiphora erichsonii (larch sawfly); Sirex juvencus (steel-blue woodwasp); Sirococcus conigenus (sirococcus blight of conifers); Tetropium gabrieli (longicorn beetle, Larch)

Minor host of:

Armillaria mellea (armillaria root rot); Botryosphaeria laricina (shoot blight of larch); Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode); Dasineura kellneri; Dendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle); Gremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease); Heterobasidion abietinum; Heterobasidion parviporum; Hylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle); Ips amitinus (small spruce bark beetle); Mycosphaerella laricis-leptolepidis (needle cast of Japanese larch); Operophtera brumata (winter moth); Orgyia leucostigma (white-marked tussock moth); Pissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil); Pityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls); Pityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle); Pityophthorus pityophagus; Rosellinia necatrix (dematophora root rot); Sphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight); Sphinx pinastri (pine hawkmoth); Thaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary)

Wild host of:

Trichodorus (stubby root nematodes); Xyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)

Host of (source - data mining):

Adelges laricis (pale spruce gall adelgid); Armillaria gallica; Armillaria limonea; Armillaria novae-zelandiae; Asynapta strobi; Barypeithes pellucidus (juniper root weevil); Cinara cuneomaculata; Coleophora laricella (larch casebearer); Cydia zebeana; Eurytoma laricis; Gremmeniella laricina; Hylastes cunicularius; Lycoriella mali; Megastigmus rosae (rose seed chalcid); Melampsora laricis-populina (poplar rust); Phytophthora ramorum (Sudden Oak Death (SOD)); Resseliella skuhravyorum; Strobilomyia laricicola; Strobilomyia melania; Zeiraphera diniana (douglas fir cone moth (Japan))

Uses List

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Environmental

  • Agroforestry
  • Boundary, barrier or support
  • Revegetation
  • Shade and shelter
  • Windbreak

General

  • Ornamental

Materials

  • Dye/tanning
  • Essential oils
  • Fibre
  • Gum/resin
  • Miscellaneous materials
  • Wood/timber

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Traditional/folklore

Wood Products

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Boats

Containers

  • Boxes
  • Cases
  • Vats

Furniture

Pulp

  • Long-fibre pulp

Roundwood

  • Building poles
  • Piles
  • Pit props
  • Posts
  • Roundwood structures
  • Stakes
  • Transmission poles

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Beams
  • Bridges
  • Carpentry/joinery (exterior/interior)
  • Engineering structures
  • Exterior fittings
  • Fences
  • Flooring
  • For heavy construction
  • For light construction
  • Gates
  • Shingles
  • Wall panelling

Veneers

Wood extractives (including oil)

Wood-based materials

  • Laminated wood
  • Oriented strand lumber
  • Oriented strandboard
  • Particleboard
  • Plywood