Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Lampides boeticus
(pea blue butterfly)

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Datasheet

Lampides boeticus (pea blue butterfly)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 10 December 2020
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Lampides boeticus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • pea blue butterfly
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Upperside of pinned male from Saudi Arabia
TitleAdult male
CaptionUpperside of pinned male from Saudi Arabia
Copyright©A.R. Pittaway
Upperside of pinned male from Saudi Arabia
Adult maleUpperside of pinned male from Saudi Arabia©A.R. Pittaway
Underside of a resting male from Lake Naivasha, Kenya.
TitleAdult male
CaptionUnderside of a resting male from Lake Naivasha, Kenya.
Copyright©A.R. Pittaway
Underside of a resting male from Lake Naivasha, Kenya.
Adult maleUnderside of a resting male from Lake Naivasha, Kenya.©A.R. Pittaway

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Lampides boeticus Linnaeus (1767)

Preferred Common Name

  • pea blue butterfly

Other Scientific Names

  • Cosmolyce baetica (Linnaeus)
  • Cosmolyce boetica (Linnaeus)
  • Cosmolyce boeticus (Linnaeus)
  • Cupido boeticus (Linnaeus)
  • Lampides baetica (Linnaeus)
  • Lycaena baetica (Linnaeus)
  • Lycaena boetica (Linnaeus)
  • Lycaena boeticus (Linnaeus)
  • Lycaena leguminis Scott
  • Lycaenia baetica (Linnaeus)
  • Lycaenia boetica (Linnaeus)
  • Papilio boeticus Linnaeus
  • Papilio damoetes Fabricius
  • Polyommatus baeticus (Linnaeus)
  • Polyommatus boeticus (Linnaeus)

International Common Names

  • English: bean butterfly; crotalaria blue; large tailed blue; long tailed blue; lucerne blue; pea-pod argus
  • Spanish: canela estriada
  • French: azure du haricot; l'argus porte-queue; licene des pois
  • Chinese: poliang hui de

Local Common Names

  • Germany: geschwanzter blasenstrauchbläuling; grosser wander-bläuling
  • Japan: uranami shijimi
  • Netherlands: tijgerblauwtje
  • South Africa: lusernbloutjie

EPPO code

  • LAMDBO (Lampides boeticus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Lycaenidae
  •                             Genus: Lampides
  •                                 Species: Lampides boeticus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 30 Jun 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresent
AngolaPresent
Burkina FasoPresent
CameroonPresent
Congo, Democratic Republic of thePresent
EgyptPresent
EthiopiaPresent
GabonPresent
GhanaPresent
GuineaPresent
KenyaPresent
LesothoPresent
LiberiaPresent
LibyaPresent
MadagascarPresent
MalawiPresent
MaliPresent
MauritiusPresent
MoroccoPresent
MozambiquePresent
NigeriaPresent
RéunionPresent
Saint HelenaPresent
São Tomé and PríncipePresent
SenegalPresent
SeychellesPresent
South AfricaPresent
SudanPresent
TanzaniaPresent
TogoPresent
TunisiaPresent
UgandaPresent
ZambiaPresent
ZimbabwePresent

Asia

AfghanistanPresent
BahrainPresent
BruneiPresent
ChinaPresent, Localized
-FujianPresent
-HainanPresent
-HeilongjiangPresent
-HunanPresent
-JiangsuPresent
-JilinPresent
-LiaoningPresent
-TibetPresent
-YunnanPresent
Hong KongPresent
IndiaPresent, Widespread
-Andaman and Nicobar IslandsPresent
-AssamPresent
-GujaratPresent
-HaryanaPresent
-Madhya PradeshPresent
-MaharashtraPresent
-ManipurPresent
-OdishaPresent
-RajasthanPresent
-Tamil NaduPresent
-Uttar PradeshPresent
-West BengalPresent
IndonesiaPresent, Widespread
-Irian JayaPresent
-JavaPresent
-Lesser Sunda IslandsPresent
-Maluku IslandsPresent
-SulawesiPresent
-SumatraPresent
IranPresent
IraqPresent
IsraelPresent
JapanPresent
-HonshuPresent
-KyushuPresent
-Ryukyu IslandsPresent
JordanPresent
LaosPresent
LebanonPresent
MalaysiaPresent
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresent
-SabahPresent
MaldivesPresent
MyanmarPresent
NepalPresent
North KoreaPresent
PakistanPresent
PhilippinesPresent
QatarPresent
Saudi ArabiaPresent
SingaporePresent
South KoreaPresent
Sri LankaPresent
TaiwanPresent
ThailandPresent
TurkeyPresent
UzbekistanPresent
VietnamPresent
YemenPresent

Europe

BelgiumPresent
CyprusPresent, Localized
DenmarkPresent
FrancePresent
GermanyPresent
GreecePresent
-CretePresent
ItalyPresent
PortugalPresent
-AzoresPresent
-MadeiraPresent
RussiaPresent
SerbiaPresent
SpainPresent
-Canary IslandsPresent
SwitzerlandPresent
United KingdomPresent

North America

United StatesPresent, Localized
-HawaiiPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresent, Widespread
-New South WalesPresent
-Northern TerritoryPresent
-QueenslandPresent
-South AustraliaPresent
-TasmaniaPresent, Few occurrences
-VictoriaPresent
-Western AustraliaPresent
Federated States of MicronesiaPresent
FijiPresent
French PolynesiaPresent
GuamPresent
KiribatiPresent
Marshall IslandsPresent
New CaledoniaPresent
New ZealandPresent
NiuePresent
Norfolk IslandPresent
Northern Mariana IslandsPresent
PalauPresent
Papua New GuineaPresent
Solomon IslandsPresent
VanuatuPresent

Growth Stages

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Flowering stage, Fruiting stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / abnormal shape
Fruit / discoloration
Fruit / internal feeding
Inflorescence / internal feeding
Seeds / internal feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Clubiona abbottii Predator
Ovomermis albicans Parasite
Pseudoperichaeta nigrolineata Parasite
Thomisus shivajiensis Predator
Trichogramma minutum Parasite Eggs
Trichogrammatoidea armigera Parasite Eggs
Trichogrammatoidea guamensis Parasite Eggs
Trichogrammatoidea nana Parasite Eggs

References

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Al-Houty W, 1983. Butterflies and hawkmoths of Kuwait. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation, 95(9-10):202-204.

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Askari A; Zare N, 1975. Effect of foliar application of four insecticides on the yield of cowpea affected by the bean butterfly, Lycpna boetica L. (Lepidoptera: Lycpnidae). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 45(10):470-472.

Barbudo DJ; González JR, 1988. New records of food plants for three species of rhopalocerans. SHILAP, Revista de Lepidopterología, 16(62):89-95; 26 ref.

Barbudo, D. J., González, J. R., Haeger, J. F., 1988. Capparis spinosa (Capparidaceae): an oviposition substrate for Lampides boeticus Linnaeus, in southern Spain (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Nota Lepidopterologica, 10, 218-223. https://archive.org/stream/biostor-116964/biostor-116964_djvu.txt

Benyamini D, 1990. A field guide to the butterflies of Israel including butterflies of Mt. Hermon and Sinai. Israel: Keter Publishing House Ltd., 234 pp.

Bhat AA, 1988. Preliminary screening of some pea cultivars against insect pests in Kashmir. Progressive Horticulture, 20(1-2):167-168.

Bingham CT, 1907. Butterflies Vol 2. In: Bingham CT, ed. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. London, UK: Taylor & Francis.

Cameron DG, 1986. Tropical and subtropical pasture legumes. 12. Puero (Pueraria phaseoloides): a much underused legume. Queensland Agricultural Journal, 112(5):227-230.

Chang TC; Chen CC, 1989. Observation of three lepidopterous pests attacking leguminous vegetables in Taiwan. Bulletin of Taichung District Agricultural Improvement Station, 24:21-29.

Common IFB; Waterhouse DF, 1981. Butterflies of Australia. rev. edn. Melbourne, Australia: Angus & Robertson Publishers.

Corbet AS; Pendlebury HM, 1992. The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula. 4th edn. (revised by JN Eliot). Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: United Selangor Press.

Dharmasena CMD, 1990. Integrated approach for pest management in the dry zone of Sri Lanka. Proceedings: Integrated Pest Management in Tropical and Subtropical Cropping Systems '89 Frankfurt, Germany; Deutsche Landwirtschafts-Gesellschaft, No. 1:199-211.

Doss SA; Faris FS, 1989. Relative susceptibility of twenty five cowpea cultivars to Lampides boeticus L. (Lepidoptera: Lycpnidae) infestation, with special reference to the effect to host plants on some biological aspects. Assiut Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 20(2):71-81.

Eckweiler W; Hofmann P, 1980. Checklist of Iranian butterflies. Nachrichten der Entomologischen Verein Apollo, Suppl. 1:1-28.

El-Ghar GESA; El-Sayed AEM; El-Shiekh AE; Radwan HSA, 1994. Field tests with insecticides and insect growth regulators to control insect pests of cowpea and its effects on certain beneficial insects. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection, 28(6):531-543.

Emmet AM; Heath J, eds. , 1989. The Moths and Butterflies of Great Britain and Ireland. Vol. 7, Part 1. Colchester, UK: Harley Books.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Frohawk FW, 1924. Natural History of British Butterflies Vol. 2. London, UK: Hutchinson & Co.

Govindan R; Sarayanaswamy TK; Gururajarao MR; Satenahalli SB, 1989. Insects infesting wild mung Vigna vexillata in India. Environment and Ecology, 7(2):513.

Harding JW, 1971. Observations on Lampides boeticus (L.) (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). New Zealand Entomologist, 5(1):70-73.

Howarth TG, 1973. South's British Butterflies. London, UK: Frederick Warne & Co.

Io C; ed, 1990. Monographia Rhopalocerorum Sinensium Vol. 1. Henan, China: Henan Scientific and Technical Publishing House.

Jagginavar SB; Kulkarni KA; Lingappa S, 1990. A note on seasonal abundance of cowpea pod borer complex. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 3(3-4):272-275.

Jagtar Singh; Mavi GS, 1984. A spider as predator of Lampides boeticus (Linnpus) (Lepidoptera: Lycpnidae) from Punjab, India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 81(2):501

Kalshoven LGE; Laan PA van der (Reviser and translator), 1981. Pests of crops in Indonesia (revised). Jakarta, Indonesia: Ichtiar Baru, 701 pp.

Kan Singh; Swaminathan R, 2008. Butea monosperma (Lam.), a new host of Lampides boeticus Linnaeus in Rajastan, India. Entomon, 33(2):143-145.

Kaushik SK; Gulab Singh, 1982. A short note on the incidence of blue butterfly Lampides boeticus L. (Lycpnidae: Lepidoptera). Indian Journal of Plant Protection, 10(1/2):94

Kusigemati K, 1976. New host records of Ichneumonidae from Japan. Memoirs of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kagoshima University, 12(21):125-127.

Larsen TB, 1992. The Butterflies of the Gemsbok National Park in Botswana (Lepidoptera - Rhopalocera). Botswana Notes and Records, 24:181-203.

Larsen TB; Larsen K, 1980. Butterflies of Oman. Edinburgh, UK: Bartholomew Books.

Larsen TB; Nakamura I, 1983. The butterflies of east Jordan. Entomologist's Gazette, 34(3):135-208

Long QZ; Cai YS, 1995. Biological characteristics of Lampides boeticus L. and its control. Plant Protection, 21(5):15-18.

Marsh JCS, 1960. Hong Kong Butterflies. Hong Kong, China: Shell Company of Hong Kong Ltd.

Martin Cano J, 1984. Comparative biology of Lampides boeticus (L.), Syntarucus pirithous (L.) and Polyommatus icarus (Rot.) (Lep., Lycpnidae). Grpllsia, 40:163-193

Mavi GS, 1992. A critical review on the distribution and host-range of pea blue butterfly, Lampides boeticus (Linn.). Journal of Insect Science, 5(2):115-119.

Migdoll I, 1988. Field guide to the butterflies of Southern Africa. London, UK; New Holland Press, 256 pp.

Nagaraja H, 1978. Studies on Trichogrammatoidea (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae). Oriental Insects, 12(4):489-529.

Naresh JS; Malik VS, 1986. Observations on the insect pests of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in Haryana. Bulletin of Entomology (New Delhi), 27(1):75-77.

Natarajan N; Rao PVS; Gopal S, 1991. Effect of intercropping of pulses in cereals on the incidence of major pests. Madras Agricultural Journal, 78(1-4):59-67.

Okeyo-Owour JB; Khamala CPM, 1980. Insect podborer infestations and their influence on developing pods and final seed yields by pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) in Kenya. Kenya Journal of Science and Technology, B, 1(2):79-86.

Pittaway AR, 1979. The butterflies and hawk-moths of eastern Saudi Arabia. Proceedings and Transactions of the British Entomological and Natural History Society, 12(3/4):90-101.

Pittaway AR, 1980. Butterflies (Lepidoptera) of Qatar, April-June, 1979. Entomologist's Gazette, 31(2):103-111.

Pittaway AR, 1985. Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera of western Saudi Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia, 7:172-197

Rajwant Singh; Mahal MS; Balraj Singh, 1988. Assessment of losses caused by borer complex in arhar, Cajanus cajan (Linn.) Millsp. Journal of Insect Science, 1(2):168-172.

Rao KT; Rao NV; Reddy AS, 1986. Control of pod borers of arhar. Indian Farming, 36(6):29, 35.

Selim AA, 1977. Some notes on the activity of certain insects predators and parasites of the Hammam Al-Alil area. Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 12(1):65-73.

Sepswasdi P; Chareonrak T; Phapoom V; Pitaksa S; Chareonrut S; Poonyathawon P, 1991. Chemical control of mungbean insect pests in rice-based cropping systems. Proceedings of the Mungbean Meeting 90. Bangkok, Thailand: Tropical Agriculture Research Centre, 269-275.

Shantibala T; Singh TK, 2004. Yield loss, infestation and economic injury level for the pea pod border, Lampides boeticus (Linn.), in Manipur. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences, 12(1):25-28.

Singh HM; Singh R; Rizvi SMA, 1988. Insecticidal evaluation against pigeonpea pod borers. Indian Journal of Plant Protection, 16(2):217-220.

Smith C, 1990. Beautiful butterflies: a colourful introduction to Nepal's most beautiful insects. Bangkok, Thailand: Craftsman Press.

Stradomsky, B. V., Poltavsky, A. N., 2008. New data on a population of Lampides boeticus (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) in the river Don delta (Russia). Phegea, 36(3), 87. http://www.phegea.org/Phegea/2008/Phegea36-3_87-90.pdf

Talbot G, 1939. Butterflies Vol. 1. In: Sewell RBS, ed. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. London, UK: Taylor & Francis.

Thakur JR; Sharma PL; Bhardwaj AK, 1972. Record of Cosmolyce (Lampides) boetica Linn. (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) on pea pods from Simla Hills (Himachal Pradesh). Indian Journal of Entomology, 34(3):248-249.

Tong X, 1993. Butterfly fauna of Zhejiang. Hangzhou, China: Zhejiang Science and Technology Publishers.

Valetta A, 1971. The Butterflies of the Maltese Islands. Malta: Progress Press Co. Ltd.

Verma SK; Henry A, 1988. Intensity of insect pests on mung bean cultivars in arid Rajasthan. Annals of Arid Zone, 27(1):71-74.

Vorbrodt K; Müller-Rutz J, 1911. Die Schmetterlinge der Schweiz. [The Lepidoptera of Switzerland.] Vol. 1. Bern, Switzerland: K. J. Wyss Verlag.

Walker DH; Pittaway AR; Walker AJ(Illustrator), 1987. Insects of eastern Arabia. London, UK; Macmillan, xvi + 175pp.

Waterhouse DF, 1993. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. ACIAR Monograph No. 21. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp.

Williams JG, 1969. A Field Guide to the Butterflies of Africa. London, UK: Collins.

Wiltshire EP, 1964. The Lepidoptera of Bahrain. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 61:119-141.

Yadav JL; Chauhan R, 2000. Bio-efficacy of insecticides against larvae of blue butterfly Lampides boeticus L. in field pea, Pisum sativum Linn. Journal of Applied Zoological Researches, 11(2/3):160-162.

Zimmerman EC, 1958. Insects of Hawaii Vol. 7, Macrolepidoptera. Honolulu, USA: University of Hawaii Press.

Distribution References

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. In: Technical Document No. 135, Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Arivudainambi S, Chandar A V, 2009. Management of pulses blue butterfly, Lampides boeticus L. in green gram. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 22 (3), 624-625.

Barbudo D J, González J R, Haeger J F, 1988. Capparis spinosa (Capparidaceae): an oviposition substrate for Lampides boeticus Linnaeus, in southern Spain (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Nota Lepidopterologica. 218-223. https://archive.org/stream/biostor-116964/biostor-116964_djvu.txt

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

EPPO, 2014. EPPO Global database (available online). Paris, France: EPPO. https://gd.eppo.int/

EPPO, 2021. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO. https://gd.eppo.int/

Harding J W, 1971. Observations on Lampides boeticus (L.) (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). New Zealand Entomologist. 5 (1), 70-73.

Kan Singh, Swaminathan R, 2008. Butea monosperma (Lam.), a new host of Lampides boeticus Linnaeus in Rajastan, India. Entomon. 33 (2), 143-145.

Shantibala T, Singh T K, 2004. Yield loss, infestation and economic injury level for the pea pod border, Lampides boeticus (Linn.), in Manipur. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences. 12 (1), 25-28.

Stradomsky B V, Poltavsky A N, 2008. New data on a population of Lampides boeticus (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) in the river Don delta (Russia). Phegea. 36 (3), 87. http://www.phegea.org/Phegea/2008/Phegea36-3_87-90.pdf

Waterhouse D F, 1993. The major arthropod pests and weeds of agriculture in Southeast Asia. Canberra, Australia: ACIAR. v + 141 pp.

Yadav J L, Chauhan R, 2000. Bio-efficacy of insecticides against larvae of blue butterfly Lampides boeticus L. in field pea, Pisum sativum Linn. Journal of Applied Zoological Researches. 11 (2/3), 160-162.

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