Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Lampides boeticus
(pea blue butterfly)



Lampides boeticus (pea blue butterfly)


  • Last modified
  • 18 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Lampides boeticus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • pea blue butterfly
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    CAB International
    OX10 8DE
  • Distribution map More information

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report


Top of page
Upperside of pinned male from Saudi Arabia
TitleAdult male
CaptionUpperside of pinned male from Saudi Arabia
Copyright©A.R. Pittaway
Upperside of pinned male from Saudi Arabia
Adult maleUpperside of pinned male from Saudi Arabia©A.R. Pittaway
Underside of a resting male from Lake Naivasha, Kenya.
TitleAdult male
CaptionUnderside of a resting male from Lake Naivasha, Kenya.
Copyright©A.R. Pittaway
Underside of a resting male from Lake Naivasha, Kenya.
Adult maleUnderside of a resting male from Lake Naivasha, Kenya.©A.R. Pittaway


Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Lampides boeticus Linnaeus (1767)

Preferred Common Name

  • pea blue butterfly

Other Scientific Names

  • Cosmolyce baetica (Linnaeus)
  • Cosmolyce boetica (Linnaeus)
  • Cosmolyce boeticus (Linnaeus)
  • Cupido boeticus (Linnaeus)
  • Lampides baetica (Linnaeus)
  • Lycaena baetica (Linnaeus)
  • Lycaena boetica (Linnaeus)
  • Lycaena boeticus (Linnaeus)
  • Lycaena leguminis Scott
  • Lycaenia baetica (Linnaeus)
  • Lycaenia boetica (Linnaeus)
  • Papilio boeticus Linnaeus
  • Papilio damoetes Fabricius
  • Polyommatus baeticus (Linnaeus)
  • Polyommatus boeticus (Linnaeus)

International Common Names

  • English: bean butterfly; crotalaria blue; large tailed blue; long tailed blue; lucerne blue; pea-pod argus
  • Spanish: canela estriada
  • French: azure du haricot; l'argus porte-queue; licene des pois
  • Chinese: poliang hui de

Local Common Names

  • Germany: geschwanzter blasenstrauchbläuling; grosser wander-bläuling
  • Japan: uranami shijimi
  • Netherlands: tijgerblauwtje
  • South Africa: lusernbloutjie

EPPO code

  • LAMDBO (Lampides boeticus)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Lycaenidae
  •                             Genus: Lampides
  •                                 Species: Lampides boeticus

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Apr 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes


AlgeriaPresentEPPO (2020)
AngolaPresentEPPO (2020)
Burkina FasoPresentEPPO (2020)
CameroonPresentEPPO (2020)
Congo, Democratic Republic of thePresentEPPO (2020)
EgyptPresentEPPO (2020)
EthiopiaPresentEPPO (2020)
GabonPresentEPPO (2020)
GhanaPresentEPPO (2020)
GuineaPresentEPPO (2020)
KenyaPresentEPPO (2020)
LesothoPresentEPPO (2020)
LiberiaPresentEPPO (2020)
LibyaPresentEPPO (2020)
MadagascarPresentEPPO (2020)
MalawiPresentEPPO (2020)
MaliPresentEPPO (2020)
MauritiusPresentEPPO (2020)
MoroccoPresentEPPO (2020)
MozambiquePresentEPPO (2020)
NigeriaPresentEPPO (2020)
RéunionPresentEPPO (2020)
Saint HelenaPresentEPPO (2020)
São Tomé and PríncipePresentEPPO (2020)
SenegalPresentEPPO (2020)
SeychellesPresentEPPO (2020)
South AfricaPresentEPPO (2020)
SudanPresentEPPO (2020)
TanzaniaPresentEPPO (2020)
TogoPresentEPPO (2020)
TunisiaPresentEPPO (2020)
UgandaPresentEPPO (2020)
ZambiaPresentEPPO (2020)
ZimbabwePresentEPPO (2020)


AfghanistanPresentEPPO (2020)
BahrainPresentEPPO (2020)
BruneiPresentWaterhouse (1993); EPPO (2020)
ChinaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-FujianPresentEPPO (2020)
-HainanPresentEPPO (2020)
-HeilongjiangPresentEPPO (2020)
-HunanPresentEPPO (2020)
-JiangsuPresentEPPO (2020)
-JilinPresentEPPO (2020)
-LiaoningPresentEPPO (2020)
-TibetPresentEPPO (2020)
-YunnanPresentEPPO (2020)
Hong KongPresentAPPPC (1987)
IndiaPresent, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
-Andaman and Nicobar IslandsPresentEPPO (2020)
-AssamPresentEPPO (2020)
-GujaratPresentEPPO (2020)
-HaryanaPresentYadav and Chauhan (2000)
-Madhya PradeshPresentEPPO (2020)
-MaharashtraPresentEPPO (2020)
-ManipurPresentShantibala and Singh (2004)
-OdishaPresentEPPO (2020)
-RajasthanPresentKan Singh and Swaminathan (2008)
-Tamil NaduPresentEPPO (2020)
-Uttar PradeshPresentEPPO (2020)
-West BengalPresentEPPO (2020)
IndonesiaPresent, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
-Irian JayaPresentEPPO (2020)
-JavaPresentEPPO (2020)
-Lesser Sunda IslandsPresentEPPO (2014)
-Maluku IslandsPresentEPPO (2020)
-SulawesiPresentEPPO (2020)
-SumatraPresentEPPO (2020)
IranPresentEPPO (2020)
IraqPresentEPPO (2020)
IsraelPresentEPPO (2020)
JapanPresentEPPO (2020)
-HonshuPresentEPPO (2020)
-KyushuPresentEPPO (2020)
-Ryukyu IslandsPresentEPPO (2020)
JordanPresentEPPO (2020)
LaosPresentEPPO (2020)
LebanonPresentEPPO (2020)
MalaysiaPresentEPPO (2020)
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentEPPO (2020)
-SabahPresentEPPO (2020)
MaldivesPresentEPPO (2020)
MyanmarPresentEPPO (2020)
NepalPresentEPPO (2020)
North KoreaPresentEPPO (2020)
PakistanPresentEPPO (2020)
PhilippinesPresentEPPO (2020)
QatarPresentEPPO (2020)
Saudi ArabiaPresentEPPO (2020)
SingaporePresentAPPPC (1987); Waterhouse (1993); EPPO (2020)
South KoreaPresentEPPO (2020)
Sri LankaPresentEPPO (2020)
TaiwanPresentEPPO (2020)
ThailandPresentWaterhouse (1993); EPPO (2020)
TurkeyPresentEPPO (2020)
UzbekistanPresentEPPO (2020)
VietnamPresentWaterhouse (1993); EPPO (2020)
YemenPresentEPPO (2020)


BelgiumPresentEPPO (2020)
CyprusPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
DenmarkPresentEPPO (2020)
FrancePresentEPPO (2020)
GermanyPresentEPPO (2020)
GreecePresentEPPO (2020)
-CretePresentEPPO (2020)
ItalyPresentEPPO (2020)
PortugalPresentEPPO (2020)
-AzoresPresentEPPO (2020)
-MadeiraPresentEPPO (2020)
SerbiaPresentEPPO (2020)
SpainPresentEPPO (2020)
-Canary IslandsPresentEPPO (2020)
SwitzerlandPresentEPPO (2020)
United KingdomPresentEPPO (2020)

North America

United StatesPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-HawaiiPresentEPPO (2020)


AustraliaPresent, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
-New South WalesPresentEPPO (2020)
-Northern TerritoryPresentEPPO (2020)
-QueenslandPresentEPPO (2020)
-South AustraliaPresentEPPO (2020)
-TasmaniaPresent, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)
-VictoriaPresentEPPO (2020)
-Western AustraliaPresentEPPO (2020)
Federated States of MicronesiaPresentEPPO (2020)
FijiPresentEPPO (2020)
French PolynesiaPresentEPPO (2020)
GuamPresentEPPO (2020)
KiribatiPresentEPPO (2020)
Marshall IslandsPresentEPPO (2020)
New CaledoniaPresentEPPO (2020)
New ZealandPresentEPPO (2020)
NiuePresentEPPO (2020)
Norfolk IslandPresentEPPO (2020)
Northern Mariana IslandsPresentEPPO (2020)
PalauPresentEPPO (2020)
Papua New GuineaPresentAPPPC (1987); EPPO (2020)
Solomon IslandsPresentAPPPC (1987)
VanuatuPresentEPPO (2020)

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Fruit / abnormal shape
Fruit / discoloration
Fruit / internal feeding
Inflorescence / internal feeding
Seeds / internal feeding

Natural enemies

Top of page
Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Clubiona abbottii Predator
Ovomermis albicans Parasite
Pseudoperichaeta nigrolineata Parasite
Thomisus shivajiensis Predator
Trichogramma minutum Parasite Eggs
Trichogrammatoidea armigera Parasite Eggs
Trichogrammatoidea guamensis Parasite Eggs
Trichogrammatoidea nana Parasite Eggs


Top of page

Al-Houty W, 1983. Butterflies and hawkmoths of Kuwait. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation, 95(9-10):202-204.

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Askari A; Zare N, 1975. Effect of foliar application of four insecticides on the yield of cowpea affected by the bean butterfly, Lycpna boetica L. (Lepidoptera: Lycpnidae). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 45(10):470-472.

Barbudo DJ; González JR, 1988. New records of food plants for three species of rhopalocerans. SHILAP, Revista de Lepidopterología, 16(62):89-95; 26 ref.

Benyamini D, 1990. A field guide to the butterflies of Israel including butterflies of Mt. Hermon and Sinai. Israel: Keter Publishing House Ltd., 234 pp.

Bhat AA, 1988. Preliminary screening of some pea cultivars against insect pests in Kashmir. Progressive Horticulture, 20(1-2):167-168.

Bingham CT, 1907. Butterflies Vol 2. In: Bingham CT, ed. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. London, UK: Taylor & Francis.

Cameron DG, 1986. Tropical and subtropical pasture legumes. 12. Puero (Pueraria phaseoloides): a much underused legume. Queensland Agricultural Journal, 112(5):227-230.

Chang TC; Chen CC, 1989. Observation of three lepidopterous pests attacking leguminous vegetables in Taiwan. Bulletin of Taichung District Agricultural Improvement Station, 24:21-29.

Common IFB; Waterhouse DF, 1981. Butterflies of Australia. rev. edn. Melbourne, Australia: Angus & Robertson Publishers.

Corbet AS; Pendlebury HM, 1992. The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula. 4th edn. (revised by JN Eliot). Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: United Selangor Press.

Dharmasena CMD, 1990. Integrated approach for pest management in the dry zone of Sri Lanka. Proceedings: Integrated Pest Management in Tropical and Subtropical Cropping Systems '89 Frankfurt, Germany; Deutsche Landwirtschafts-Gesellschaft, No. 1:199-211.

Doss SA; Faris FS, 1989. Relative susceptibility of twenty five cowpea cultivars to Lampides boeticus L. (Lepidoptera: Lycpnidae) infestation, with special reference to the effect to host plants on some biological aspects. Assiut Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 20(2):71-81.

Eckweiler W; Hofmann P, 1980. Checklist of Iranian butterflies. Nachrichten der Entomologischen Verein Apollo, Suppl. 1:1-28.

El-Ghar GESA; El-Sayed AEM; El-Shiekh AE; Radwan HSA, 1994. Field tests with insecticides and insect growth regulators to control insect pests of cowpea and its effects on certain beneficial insects. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection, 28(6):531-543.

Emmet AM; Heath J, eds. , 1989. The Moths and Butterflies of Great Britain and Ireland. Vol. 7, Part 1. Colchester, UK: Harley Books.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.

Frohawk FW, 1924. Natural History of British Butterflies Vol. 2. London, UK: Hutchinson & Co.

Govindan R; Sarayanaswamy TK; Gururajarao MR; Satenahalli SB, 1989. Insects infesting wild mung Vigna vexillata in India. Environment and Ecology, 7(2):513.

Harding JW, 1971. Observations on Lampides boeticus (L.) (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). New Zealand Entomologist, 5(1):70-73.

Howarth TG, 1973. South's British Butterflies. London, UK: Frederick Warne & Co.

Io C; ed, 1990. Monographia Rhopalocerorum Sinensium Vol. 1. Henan, China: Henan Scientific and Technical Publishing House.

Jagginavar SB; Kulkarni KA; Lingappa S, 1990. A note on seasonal abundance of cowpea pod borer complex. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 3(3-4):272-275.

Jagtar Singh; Mavi GS, 1984. A spider as predator of Lampides boeticus (Linnpus) (Lepidoptera: Lycpnidae) from Punjab, India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 81(2):501

Kalshoven LGE; Laan PA van der (Reviser and translator), 1981. Pests of crops in Indonesia (revised). Jakarta, Indonesia: Ichtiar Baru, 701 pp.

Kan Singh; Swaminathan R, 2008. Butea monosperma (Lam.), a new host of Lampides boeticus Linnaeus in Rajastan, India. Entomon, 33(2):143-145.

Kaushik SK; Gulab Singh, 1982. A short note on the incidence of blue butterfly Lampides boeticus L. (Lycpnidae: Lepidoptera). Indian Journal of Plant Protection, 10(1/2):94

Kusigemati K, 1976. New host records of Ichneumonidae from Japan. Memoirs of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kagoshima University, 12(21):125-127.

Larsen TB, 1992. The Butterflies of the Gemsbok National Park in Botswana (Lepidoptera - Rhopalocera). Botswana Notes and Records, 24:181-203.

Larsen TB; Larsen K, 1980. Butterflies of Oman. Edinburgh, UK: Bartholomew Books.

Larsen TB; Nakamura I, 1983. The butterflies of east Jordan. Entomologist's Gazette, 34(3):135-208

Long QZ; Cai YS, 1995. Biological characteristics of Lampides boeticus L. and its control. Plant Protection, 21(5):15-18.

Marsh JCS, 1960. Hong Kong Butterflies. Hong Kong, China: Shell Company of Hong Kong Ltd.

Martin Cano J, 1984. Comparative biology of Lampides boeticus (L.), Syntarucus pirithous (L.) and Polyommatus icarus (Rot.) (Lep., Lycpnidae). Grpllsia, 40:163-193

Mavi GS, 1992. A critical review on the distribution and host-range of pea blue butterfly, Lampides boeticus (Linn.). Journal of Insect Science, 5(2):115-119.

Migdoll I, 1988. Field guide to the butterflies of Southern Africa. London, UK; New Holland Press, 256 pp.

Nagaraja H, 1978. Studies on Trichogrammatoidea (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae). Oriental Insects, 12(4):489-529.

Naresh JS; Malik VS, 1986. Observations on the insect pests of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in Haryana. Bulletin of Entomology (New Delhi), 27(1):75-77.

Natarajan N; Rao PVS; Gopal S, 1991. Effect of intercropping of pulses in cereals on the incidence of major pests. Madras Agricultural Journal, 78(1-4):59-67.

Okeyo-Owour JB; Khamala CPM, 1980. Insect podborer infestations and their influence on developing pods and final seed yields by pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) in Kenya. Kenya Journal of Science and Technology, B, 1(2):79-86.

Pittaway AR, 1979. The butterflies and hawk-moths of eastern Saudi Arabia. Proceedings and Transactions of the British Entomological and Natural History Society, 12(3/4):90-101.

Pittaway AR, 1980. Butterflies (Lepidoptera) of Qatar, April-June, 1979. Entomologist's Gazette, 31(2):103-111.

Pittaway AR, 1985. Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera of western Saudi Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia, 7:172-197

Rajwant Singh; Mahal MS; Balraj Singh, 1988. Assessment of losses caused by borer complex in arhar, Cajanus cajan (Linn.) Millsp. Journal of Insect Science, 1(2):168-172.

Rao KT; Rao NV; Reddy AS, 1986. Control of pod borers of arhar. Indian Farming, 36(6):29, 35.

Selim AA, 1977. Some notes on the activity of certain insects predators and parasites of the Hammam Al-Alil area. Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 12(1):65-73.

Sepswasdi P; Chareonrak T; Phapoom V; Pitaksa S; Chareonrut S; Poonyathawon P, 1991. Chemical control of mungbean insect pests in rice-based cropping systems. Proceedings of the Mungbean Meeting 90. Bangkok, Thailand: Tropical Agriculture Research Centre, 269-275.

Shantibala T; Singh TK, 2004. Yield loss, infestation and economic injury level for the pea pod border, Lampides boeticus (Linn.), in Manipur. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences, 12(1):25-28.

Singh HM; Singh R; Rizvi SMA, 1988. Insecticidal evaluation against pigeonpea pod borers. Indian Journal of Plant Protection, 16(2):217-220.

Smith C, 1990. Beautiful butterflies: a colourful introduction to Nepal's most beautiful insects. Bangkok, Thailand: Craftsman Press.

Talbot G, 1939. Butterflies Vol. 1. In: Sewell RBS, ed. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. London, UK: Taylor & Francis.

Thakur JR; Sharma PL; Bhardwaj AK, 1972. Record of Cosmolyce (Lampides) boetica Linn. (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) on pea pods from Simla Hills (Himachal Pradesh). Indian Journal of Entomology, 34(3):248-249.

Tong X, 1993. Butterfly fauna of Zhejiang. Hangzhou, China: Zhejiang Science and Technology Publishers.

Valetta A, 1971. The Butterflies of the Maltese Islands. Malta: Progress Press Co. Ltd.

Verma SK; Henry A, 1988. Intensity of insect pests on mung bean cultivars in arid Rajasthan. Annals of Arid Zone, 27(1):71-74.

Vorbrodt K; Müller-Rutz J, 1911. Die Schmetterlinge der Schweiz. [The Lepidoptera of Switzerland.] Vol. 1. Bern, Switzerland: K. J. Wyss Verlag.

Walker DH; Pittaway AR; Walker AJ(Illustrator), 1987. Insects of eastern Arabia. London, UK; Macmillan, xvi + 175pp.

Waterhouse DF, 1993. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. ACIAR Monograph No. 21. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp.

Williams JG, 1969. A Field Guide to the Butterflies of Africa. London, UK: Collins.

Wiltshire EP, 1964. The Lepidoptera of Bahrain. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 61:119-141.

Yadav JL; Chauhan R, 2000. Bio-efficacy of insecticides against larvae of blue butterfly Lampides boeticus L. in field pea, Pisum sativum Linn. Journal of Applied Zoological Researches, 11(2/3):160-162.

Zimmerman EC, 1958. Insects of Hawaii Vol. 7, Macrolepidoptera. Honolulu, USA: University of Hawaii Press.

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map