Holotrichia serrata (white grub)
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PicturesTop of page
IdentityTop of page
Preferred Scientific Name
- Holotrichia serrata (Fabricius)
Preferred Common Name
- white grub
Other Scientific Names
- Lachnosterna serrata (Fabricius)
- Melolontha serrata Fabricius
- Phyllophaga serrata (Fabricius)
International Common Names
- English: chafer beetle; cock chafer; leaf chafer; May or June beetle
Local Common Names
- India: Gona (Kanad); Humani (Marathi); Safed lat (Hindi)
- LACHSE (Holotrichia serrata)
Taxonomic TreeTop of page
- Domain: Eukaryota
- Kingdom: Metazoa
- Phylum: Arthropoda
- Subphylum: Uniramia
- Class: Insecta
- Order: Coleoptera
- Family: Scarabaeidae
- Genus: Holotrichia
- Species: Holotrichia serrata
Distribution TableTop of page
The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
|Continent/Country/Region||Distribution||Last Reported||Origin||First Reported||Invasive||Reference||Notes|
|Bangladesh||Present||Husain et al. (1987)|
|India||Present||CABI (Undated)||Present based on regional distribution.|
|-Andhra Pradesh||Present, Localized||Native||Anonymous (1985)|
|-Bihar||Present||Ali and Chaturvedi (1996)|
|-Delhi||Present, Few occurrences||Vasu (1970)|
|-Gujarat||Present||Kapadia et al. (2006)|
|-Haryana||Present||Rohilla et al. (1981)|
|-Karnataka||Present||Shrilakshmi and Patil (2016); Veeresh (1977)||Belagavi district|
|-Kerala||Present||Abraham and Rajendran (1978)|
|-Madhya Pradesh||Present||Meshram et al. (1990)|
|-Maharashtra||Present, Widespread||Patil and Hasbe (1981)|
|-Rajasthan||Present, Few occurrences||Srivastava and Mathur (1979)|
|-Tamil Nadu||Present, Widespread||Srivastava and Mathur (1979)|
|-Uttar Pradesh||Present, Few occurrences||Gupta (1973)|
|-West Bengal||Present||Chatterjee and Ghosh (1995)|
|Sri Lanka||Present||Vivekanandan (1975); Bandara (1990)|
Growth StagesTop of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage
List of Symptoms/SignsTop of page
|Leaves / external feeding|
|Roots / external feeding|
|Roots / reduced root system|
|Whole plant / plant dead; dieback|
|Whole plant / uprooted or toppled|
Natural enemiesTop of page
ReferencesTop of page
Abraham VA; Rajendran TP, 1978. White grub infestation in Kerala. White Grubs Newsletter, 2(i):3-5.
Ali MS; Chaturvedi OP; Nair KSS; Sharma JK; Verma RV, 1996. Major insect pests of forest trees in north Bihar. In: IUFRO, eds. Impact of diseases and insect pests in tropical forest, Proceedings of Symposium, Peechi, India, 23-26 November 1993: IUFRO, 464-467.
Anonymous, 1975. Report of the ICAR, Committee to investigate the causes for the spread of white grub menace, submitted to the ICAR, New Delhi in 1975.
Anonymous, 1985. White grubs and their control. New Delhi, India: ICAR Publication.
Arrow GJ, 1948. Further notes on the beetle genus Lachnosterna (Coleoptra; Melolonthinae) with description of three new genera. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society, London, (B)17:49-54.
Avasthy PN, 1967. Sugarcane pests in India and their control. PANS, 13:111-117.
Beeson CFC, 1941. The Ecology and Control of Forest Insects of India and the adjacent Countries. 1961 Reprint, Government of India.
Bhatnagar et al., 1975. Effectiveness of various pesticides against white grub (H. serrata F) of groundnut. Pesticides, 9(10):22-24.
Bindra OS; Singh J, 1971. Biological observations on the white-grub, Lachnosterna (Holotrichia) consanguinea Blanchard (Coleoptera: Scarabeidae) and the relative efficacy of different insecticides against the adults. Indian Journal of Entomology, 33(2):225-227
Dalla Torre RA, 1912. Coleopterorum catalogus. Vol. 20, Part 45, 47, 49, 50 Berlin, Germany: W. Junk.
David M; Kalra AN, 1966. Observation on Holotrichia (Lachnosterna) serrata F. - a beetle pest of sugarcane in Hospet area of Mysore State. Indian Sugar, 16:195-198.
Fletcher TB, 1921. Addition and corrections to the list of Indian crop pests. Rept. Proc. Fourth Ent. mg. Pusa, P-401.
Frey G, 1971. Bestimmungstablie der Indischen ceylonesischen Arten der Gattung, Holotrichia Hope (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae). Ent. Arh. Mus Gorg Frey, 22:220-225.
Gupta BD; Avasthy PN, 1957. First record of the white grub, Lachnosterna consanguinea Bl. in India, Curr. Sci. 26:114-115.
Hasbe BM; Patil BR; Ajri DS, 1984. Effect of insecticides and interculturing on the infestation of white grub in sorghum. J. Maharashtra Agric. Univ., 9(2):216.
Hawley Ira M, 1969. Milky disease of beetles. The year book of Agriculture, 1952, 394 pp.
Hays WP, 1929. Morphology, taxonomy and biology of larval Scarabaeoidae. Biol. Monograph, 12(2):1-119.
Hope FW, 1837. The Coleopterist's Manual, containing the lamellicorn insects of Linneus and Fabricius. London, UK: Bohn.
Jayaramaiah K; Veeresh GK, 1983. Studies on the symptoms of infection caused by the new silkworm white muscardine fungus Beauveria brongniartii (Sacc.) Petch to different stages of white grub, H. serrata F. J. Soil Biology and Ecology, 3(1):7-12.
Lacordaire NT, 1856. Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. III. Genera des ColéoptFres, Paris, France: Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret.
Lefroy HM, 1900. Life history of Indian insects, (Coleoptera-1 A. varians). Ent. Memoirs, 11:143-146.
Lefroy JM, 1909. Indian Insect Life. Calcutta, India: Thacker Sprink.
Majumdar N; Teotia TPS, 1965. Biology of Holotrichia serrata F. a serious pest of Palas (Butea monosperma). Indian J. Ent., 27(2):153-159.
Mohalkar PR; Randive SJ; Wani AG, 1974. White grub (H. serrata F.) a pest of sugarcane in Maharashtra State. D.S.T.A. 26th Convention:53-59.
Nehru CR; Jayarathanam K; Karnavar GK, 1991. Application of entomopathogenic fungus, Beauveria brongniartii for management of chafer beetles of the white grub, H. serrata F. infesting rubber seedlings. Indian J. of Natural Rubber Research, 4(2):123-425.
Patil BR; Hasbe BM, 1981. Studies on the bionomics of white grub, H. serrata F. Progress on white grub Research in India (Ed. Veeresh GK) U.A.S. Hebbal, 115-120 pp.
Raodev AK; Deshpande SV, 1987. White grub and their management. Res. Bull. Vol. 11. Marathwada Agric. Univ. Parbhani, Special Information Bulletin No. 3, 11-72 pp.
Ritcher OP, 1961. Descriptions of some North Indian scarabaeid larvae (Coleoptera). Indian J. Ent. 23:13-19.
Saylor LW, 1942. Notes on beetles related to Phyllophaga Harris with descriptions of new genera and sub genera. Proceedings of the US National Museum, 92(3145):157-167.
Shrilakshmi RG; Patil RR, 2016. Studies on species composition and host range of different scarabaeid adults under rainfed situations of Belagavi district. Journal of Experimental Zoology, India, 19(1):523-526. http://www.connectjournals.com/jez
Srivastava AS; Mathur YK, 1979. Recent advances in bionomics and control of white grub, Dept. of Ent. C. S. Azad Univ. of Agril. Tech. Kanpur. A guide for the control of white grub . 2-3 pp.
Stebbing EP, 1899. Injurious insects of India forest, Govt. of India Press, Calcutta. 152 pp.
Veeresh GK, 1973. Preliminary evaluation of insecticides for the control of the root grub, H. serrata F. Pesticides, Vol. VII, No. 3, page 27.
Veeresh GK, 1973a. Studies on the Melolonthid beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) of Mysore State with special reference to the Biology and Control of H. serrata F., Ph.D. Thesis submitted to the U.A.S. Hebbal, Bangalore.
Veeresh GK, 1974. Root grub control, campaign in Karnataka. White Grubs Newsletter, 1:17-18.
Veeresh GK, 1977. Bionomics and control of white grubs in India. Sugar News, 9:44-56.
Veeresh GK, 1977a. Studies on the root grubs of Karnataka with special reference to bionomics and control of H. serrata F. (Coleoptera: Melolonthidae). U.A.S. Monographs Series No. 2:87.
Veeresh GK, 1978. Report of the experimental trials submitted to Univ. Agric. Sciences Bangalore.
Veeresh GK, 1981. Progress on white grubs research in India. Proc. of ICAR Ad. hoc. projects on white grub. (Editor G.K. Veeresh, Dept. of Ent. U.A.S. Hebbal, Banglore).
Veeresh GK; Veerarajan PV; Gubbaiah, Reddy N. Vijaymohan, 1976. Efficacy of certain soil insecticides against root grubs, (H. serrata F.) under irrigated and unirrigated conditions in tropical soils. Proceedings All India Symposium on Soil Biology and Ecology.
Vivekanandan K, 1975. Control of cockchafer grub in Teak nursery. Sri Lanka Forester, 12(1):40-43.
Yadava CPS, 1995. Indian white grub and their management. Tech. Bull. 2 4 pp. ICAR Publ.
Abraham VA, Rajendran TP, 1978. White grub infestation in Kerala. In: White Grubs Newsletter, 2 (i) 3-5.
Ali M S, Chaturvedi O P, 1996. Major insect pests of forest trees in north Bihar. In: Impact of diseases and insect pests in tropical forests. Proceedings of the IUFRO Symposium, Peechi, India, 23-26 November 1993. [Impact of diseases and insect pests in tropical forests. Proceedings of the IUFRO Symposium, Peechi, India, 23-26 November 1993.], [ed. by Nair K S S: Sharma J K, Varma R V]. Peechi, India: Kerala Forest Research Institute (KFRI). 464-467.
Anonymous, 1985. White grubs and their control., New Delhi, India: ICAR Publication.
CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI
CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI
Patil BR, Hasbe BM, 1981. Studies on the bionomics of white grub, H. serrata F. Progress on white grub Research in India., [ed. by Veeresh GK]. Hebbal, U.A.S. 115-120.
Shrilakshmi R G, Patil R R, 2016. Studies on species composition and host range of different scarabaeid adults under rainfed situations of Belagavi district. Journal of Experimental Zoology, India. 19 (1), 523-526. http://www.connectjournals.com/jez
Srivastava AS, Mathur YK, 1979. Recent advances in bionomics and control of white grub. In: A guide for the control of white grub, Kanpur, Dept. of Ent. C. S. Azad Univ. of Agril. Tech. 2-3 pp.
Veeresh GK, 1977. Bionomics and control of white grubs in India. In: Sugar News, 9 44-56.
Distribution MapsTop of page
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