Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Lactuca serriola
(prickly lettuce)

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Datasheet

Lactuca serriola (prickly lettuce)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 16 November 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Lactuca serriola
  • Preferred Common Name
  • prickly lettuce
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Lactuca serriola

Preferred Common Name

  • prickly lettuce

International Common Names

  • English: compass plant; wild lettuce
  • Spanish: escarola; lechuga borde (Argentina); lechuga espinosa; lechuga silvestre (Argentina); lechugilla (Honduras); nilhue (Colombia)
  • French: escarole; laitue sauvage; laitue scariole; scarole
  • Portuguese: alface-brava-menor

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Lattich, Kompass-; Lattich, Stachel-; Lattich, Wilder
  • Italy: erba bussola; lattuga scariola; lattuga selvatica
  • Netherlands: latuw, wilde; sla, kompas-; sla, wilde
  • Sweden: sallat, tagg-

EPPO code

  • LACSE (Lactuca serriola)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Asterales
  •                         Family: Asteraceae
  •                             Genus: Lactuca
  •                                 Species: Lactuca serriola

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 17 Dec 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

KenyaPresent
RéunionPresentIntroduced1982
ZimbabwePresentIntroduced1977

Asia

India
-PunjabPresent
IranPresent
IraqPresent
LebanonPresent
PakistanPresent
Saudi ArabiaPresent
South KoreaPresent
TaiwanPresent
TurkeyPresent

Europe

BulgariaPresent
CzechiaPresent
DenmarkPresentIntroduced1882
EstoniaPresentIntroduced1803
FinlandPresentIntroduced1700
GreecePresent
IcelandPresentIntroduced1950
IrelandPresentIntroduced1903
LatviaPresentIntroduced1839
LithuaniaPresentIntroduced1926
NetherlandsPresent
NorwayPresentIntroduced1884
Portugal
-AzoresPresentIntroduced1842
RussiaPresentIntroduced1946
SwedenPresentIntroduced1741
United KingdomPresentIntroduced1632

North America

CanadaPresent
-OntarioPresent
MexicoPresent
United StatesPresent
-HawaiiPresentIntroduced1928
-North CarolinaPresent
-TexasPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresentIntroduced1899

South America

ChilePresentIntroduced1905

Habitat List

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CategorySub-CategoryHabitatPresenceStatus
Terrestrial

References

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Ávila-Alistac, N., Ramírez-Rojas, S., Lozoya-Saldaña, H., Rebollar-Alviter, Á., Guzmán-Plazola, R. A., 2017. Alternate hosts of Iris yellow spot virus and trips on onion crops in Morelos and Michoacan, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Fitopatología, 35(2), 242-262. http://www.rmf.smf.org.mx/Vol3522017/RMF_Vol_35_2_2017.pdf

Celepcİ, E., Uygur, S., Kaydan, M. B., Uygur, F. N., 2017. Mealybug (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) species on weeds in Citrus (Rutaceae) plantations in Çukurova Plain, Turkey. Türkiye Entomoloji Bülteni, 7(1), 15-21. http://dergipark.gov.tr/download/article-file/315531

Fazal Hadi, Muhammad Ibrar, 2015. Ecology of weeds in wheat crops of Kalash valley, district Chitral, Hindukush Range, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research, 21(3), 425-433. http://www.wssp.org.pk/vol-21-3-2015/11.%20PJWSR-06-2015.pdf

Gharabadiyan F; Jamali S; Yazdi AA; Hadizadeh MH; Eskandari A, 2012. Weed hosts of root-knot nematodes in tomato fields. Journal of Plant Protection Research, 52(2):230-234. http://versita.metapress.com/link.asp?target=contribution&id=428087616X360N23

Hassannejad, S., Ghafarbi, S. P., 2013. Weed flora survey of Tabriz wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) fields. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences (JBES), 3(9), 118-132. http://www.innspub.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/JBES-Vol3No9-p118-132.pdf

Hassannejad, S., Ghafarbi, S. P., 2014. Weed flora survey in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) fields of Shabestar (northwest of Iran). Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 60(7), 971-991. doi: 10.1080/03650340.2013.859383

Hassannejad, S., Ghafarbi, S. P., Abbasvand, E., Ghisvandi, B., 2014. Quantifying the effects of altitude and soil texture on weed species distribution in wheat fields of Tabriz, Iran. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences (JBES), 5(1), 590-596. http://www.innspub.net/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/JBES-Vol5No1-p590-596.pdf

Macharia, I., Backhouse, D., Wu, S. B., Ateka, E. M., 2016. Weed species in tomato production and their role as alternate hosts of Tomato spotted wilt virus and its vector Frankliniella occidentalis. Annals of Applied Biology, 169(2), 224-235. doi: 10.1111/aab.12297

Milanova, S., Boneva, P., Grigorova, P., Valkova, M., 2007. Weed survey in central north Bulgaria. In: European Weed Research Society, 14th EWRS Symposium, Hamar, Norway, 17-21 June 2007 [European Weed Research Society, 14th EWRS Symposium, Hamar, Norway, 17-21 June 2007], [ed. by Fløistad, E.]. Doorwerth, Netherlands: European Weed Research Society. 217. http://www.ewrs-symposium2007.com

Mohammadi, A. H., Haghdel, M., Mohammadi-Moghaddam, M., Banihashemi, Z., 2006. Current status of Verticillium wilt disease of pistachio trees in Iran. Acta Horticulturae, (No.726), 631-635. http://www.actahort.org

Sampangi, R. K., Mohan, S. K., Pappu, H. R., 2007. Identification of new alternative weed hosts for Iris yellow spot virus in the Pacific Northwest. Plant Disease, 91(12), 1683. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-91-12-1683B

Shah, G. M., Khan, M. A., 2006. Checklist of noxious weeds of district Mansehra, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research, 12(3), 213-219. http://wssp.org.pk/

Shah, S. M., Asad Ullah, Fazal Hadi, 2014. Ecological characteristics of weed flora in the wheat crop of Mastuj valley, district Chitral, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research, 20(4), 479-487. http://www.wssp.org.pk/vol-20-4-2014/6.%20PJWSR-22-2014.pdf

Stobbs, L. W., Greig, N., Weaver, S., Shipp, L., Ferguson, G., 2009. The potential role of native weed species and bumble bees (Bombus impatiens) on the epidemiology of Pepino mosaic virus. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 31(2), 254-261. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/07060660909507599

Tahira, J. J., Khan, S. N., 2017. Diversity of weed flora in onion fields of Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research, 23(2), 245-253. http://www.wssp.org.pk/resources/images/paper/955QW1498306408.pdf

Tedeschi, R., Picciau, L., Quaglino, F., Abou-Jawdah, Y., Lova, M. M., Jawhari, M., Casati, P., Cominetti, A., Choueiri, E., Abdul-Nour, H., Bianco, P. A., Alma, A., 2015. A cixiid survey for natural potential vectors of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium' in Lebanon and preliminary transmission trials. Annals of Applied Biology, 166(3), 372-388. doi: 10.1111/aab.12188

Wang ChiuMei; Chen ChihHsiung, 2010. Lactuca serriola (Asteraceae), a newly naturalized plant in Taiwan. Taiwania, 55(3):331-333. http://tai2.ntu.edu.tw/taiwania

Distribution References

Alhaithloul H A A S, 2019. Prevalence study of weeds in some economic orchards trees. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 7 (4), 512-518. https://www.asianjab.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/4-AJAB-2019-05-226.pdf

Ali H B, Agarwala B K, Kaddou I K, 2012. New records of aphids of the Subfamily Aphidinae (Homoptera: Aphididae) infested herbaceous plants and shrubs for Iraqi aphid fauna. Advances in Bio Research. 3 (4), 66-75. http://www.soeagra.com/abr/abrdec_2012/12.pdf

Ávila-Alistac N, Ramírez-Rojas S, Lozoya-Saldaña H, Rebollar-Alviter Á, Guzmán-Plazola R A, 2017. Alternate hosts of Iris yellow spot virus and trips on onion crops in Morelos and Michoacan, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Fitopatología. 35 (2), 242-262. http://www.rmf.smf.org.mx/Vol3522017/RMF_Vol_35_2_2017.pdf

Celepcİ E, Uygur S, Kaydan M B, Uygur F N, 2017. Mealybug (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) species on weeds in Citrus (Rutaceae) plantations in Çukurova Plain, Turkey. Türkiye Entomoloji Bülteni. 7 (1), 15-21. http://dergipark.gov.tr/download/article-file/315531

Chatzivassiliou E K, Boubourakas I, Drossos E, Eleftherohorinos I, Jenser G, Peters D, Katis N I, 2001. Weeds in greenhouses and tobacco fields are differentially infected by Tomato spotted wilt virus and infested by its vector species. Plant Disease. 85 (1), 40-46. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2001.85.1.40

Fazal Hadi, Muhammad Ibrar, 2015. Ecology of weeds in wheat crops of Kalash valley, district Chitral, Hindukush Range, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research. 21 (3), 425-433. http://www.wssp.org.pk/vol-21-3-2015/11.%20PJWSR-06-2015.pdf

Ghafarbi S P, Hassannejad S, 2013. Weed flora survey in University of Tabriz Botanical Garden. International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production. 4 (1), 7-14. http://ijappjournal.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/1/7-14.doc.pdf

Gharabadiyan F, Jamali S, Yazdi A A, Hadizadeh M H, Eskandari A, 2012. Weed hosts of root-knot nematodes in tomato fields. Journal of Plant Protection Research. 52 (2), 230-234. http://versita.metapress.com/link.asp?target=contribution&id=428087616X360N23 DOI:10.2478/v10045-012-0036-1

Groves R L, Walgenbach J F, Moyer J W, Kennedy G G, 2002. The role of weed hosts and tobacco thrips, Frankliniella fusca, in the epidemiology of tomato spotted wilt virus. Plant Disease. 86 (6), 573-582. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2002.86.6.573

Hassannejad S, Ghafarbi S P, 2013. Weed flora survey of Tabriz wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) fields. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences (JBES). 3 (9), 118-132. http://www.innspub.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/JBES-Vol3No9-p118-132.pdf

Hassannejad S, Ghafarbi S P, Abbasvand E, Ghisvandi B, 2014. Quantifying the effects of altitude and soil texture on weed species distribution in wheat fields of Tabriz, Iran. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences (JBES). 5 (1), 590-596. http://www.innspub.net/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/JBES-Vol5No1-p590-596.pdf

Hooftman D A P, Oostermeijer J G B, Nijs J C M den, 2006. Invasive behaviour of Lactuca serriola (Asteraceae) in the Netherlands: spatial distribution and ecological amplitude. Basic and Applied Ecology. 7 (6), 507-519. DOI:10.1016/j.baae.2005.12.006

Hwang KiSeon, Eom MinYong, Park SuHyuk, Won OkJae, Lee InYong, Park KeeWoong, 2015. Occurrence and distribution of weed species on horticulture fields in Chungnam province of Korea. Journal of Ecology and Environment. 38 (3), 353-360. DOI:10.5141/ecoenv.2015.036

Kim B R, Choi Y J, Shin H D, 2020. First report of leaf spot caused by Septoria lactucae on Lactuca serriola in Korea. Plant Disease. 104 (2), 581-581. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-08-19-1639-PDN

Lee I M, Martini M, Bottner K D, Dane R A, Black M C, Troxclair N, 2003. Ecological implications from a molecular analysis of phytoplasmas involved in an aster yellows epidemic in various crops in Texas. Phytopathology. 93 (11), 1368-1377. DOI:10.1094/PHYTO.2003.93.11.1368

Macharia I, Backhouse D, Wu S B, Ateka E M, 2016. Weed species in tomato production and their role as alternate hosts of Tomato spotted wilt virus and its vector Frankliniella occidentalis. Annals of Applied Biology. 169 (2), 224-235. DOI:10.1111/aab.12297

Milanova S, Boneva P, Grigorova P, Valkova M, 2007. Weed survey in central north Bulgaria. In: European Weed Research Society, 14th EWRS Symposium, Hamar, Norway, 17-21 June 2007 [European Weed Research Society, 14th EWRS Symposium, Hamar, Norway, 17-21 June 2007.], [ed. by Fløistad E]. Doorwerth, Netherlands: European Weed Research Society. 217. http://www.ewrs-symposium2007.com

Mohammadi A H, Haghdel M, Mohammadi-Moghaddam M, Banihashemi Z, 2006. Current status of Verticillium wilt disease of pistachio trees in Iran. Acta Horticulturae. 631-635. http://www.actahort.org

Namin S M, Nozari J, 2015. Fruit flies of the genus Campiglossa (Diptera, Tephritidae) in Iran, with the key to species. Vestnik Zoologii. 49 (3), 251-260. http://www.v-zool.kiev.ua

Park M J, Hong S H, Cho S E, Park J H, Shin H D, 2015. First report of powdery mildew caused by Golovinomyces orontii on invasive weed Lactuca serriola in Korea. Plant Disease. 99 (6), 889. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Petrželová I, Lebeda A, 2004. Occurrence of Bremia lactucae in natural populations of Lactuca serriola. Journal of Phytopathology. 152 (7), 391-398. http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/jph DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2004.00859.x

Ryu TaeBok, Kim MiJeoung, Lee ChangWoo, Kim DeokKi, Choi DongHui, Lee HyoHyeMi, Jeong HyeRan, Lee DoHun, Kim NamYoung, 2017. Distribution characteristic of invasive alien plants in Jeju Island. Journal of Ecology and Environment. 41 (24), (17 June 2017). https://jecoenv.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1186/s41610-017-0042-3

Sampangi R K, Mohan S K, Pappu H R, 2007. Identification of new alternative weed hosts for Iris yellow spot virus in the Pacific Northwest. Plant Disease. 91 (12), 1683. HTTP://www.apsnet.org DOI:10.1094/PDIS-91-12-1683B

Seebens H, Blackburn T M, Dyer E E, Genovesi P, Hulme P E, Jeschke J M, Pagad S, Pyšek P, Winter M, Arianoutsou M, Bacher S, Blasius B, Brundu G, Capinha C, Celesti-Grapow L, Dawson W, Dullinger S, Fuentes N, Jäger H, Kartesz J, Kenis M, Kreft H, Kühn I, Lenzner B, Liebhold A, Mosena A (et al), 2017. No saturation in the accumulation of alien species worldwide. Nature Communications. 8 (2), 14435. http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14435

Shah G M, Khan M A, 2006. Checklist of noxious weeds of district Mansehra, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research. 12 (3), 213-219. http://wssp.org.pk/

Stobbs L W, Greig N, Weaver S, Shipp L, Ferguson G, 2009. The potential role of native weed species and bumble bees (Bombus impatiens) on the epidemiology of Pepino mosaic virus. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology. 31 (2), 254-261. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/07060660909507599

Tahira J J, Khan S N, 2017. Diversity of weed flora in onion fields of Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research. 23 (2), 245-253. http://www.wssp.org.pk/resources/images/paper/955QW1498306408.pdf

Tedeschi R, Picciau L, Quaglino F, Abou-Jawdah Y, Lova M M, Jawhari M, Casati P, Cominetti A, Choueiri E, Abdul-Nour H, Bianco P A, Alma A, 2015. A cixiid survey for natural potential vectors of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium' in Lebanon and preliminary transmission trials. Annals of Applied Biology. 166 (3), 372-388. DOI:10.1111/aab.12188

Wang ChiuMei, Chen ChihHsiung, 2010. Lactuca serriola (Asteraceae), a newly naturalized plant in Taiwan. Taiwania. 55 (3), 331-333. http://tai2.ntu.edu.tw/taiwania

Distribution Maps

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