Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Lactuca sativa
(lettuce)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Lactuca sativa (lettuce)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 28 November 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Lactuca sativa
  • Preferred Common Name
  • lettuce
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
L. sativa, whole plant.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
TitleLine drawing of plant
CaptionL. sativa, whole plant. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
Copyright©PROSEA Foundation
L. sativa, whole plant.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
Line drawing of plantL. sativa, whole plant. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.©PROSEA Foundation
Maturing lettuce plants (L. sativa var.).
TitleLettuce
CaptionMaturing lettuce plants (L. sativa var.).
Copyright©AgrEvo
Maturing lettuce plants (L. sativa var.).
LettuceMaturing lettuce plants (L. sativa var.).©AgrEvo
Lettuce cv. 'Butterhead'.
TitleLettuce
CaptionLettuce cv. 'Butterhead'.
Copyright©Oregon State University, Dept of Nutrition & Food Management
Lettuce cv. 'Butterhead'.
LettuceLettuce cv. 'Butterhead'.©Oregon State University, Dept of Nutrition & Food Management
Lettuce cv.'Oakleaf'.
TitleLettuce
CaptionLettuce cv.'Oakleaf'.
Copyright©Oregon State University, Dept of Nutrition & Food Management
Lettuce cv.'Oakleaf'.
LettuceLettuce cv.'Oakleaf'.©Oregon State University, Dept of Nutrition & Food Management
Mature lettuce plant, (L. sativa var.), curly leafed variety.
TitleLettuce
CaptionMature lettuce plant, (L. sativa var.), curly leafed variety.
Copyright©AgrEvo
Mature lettuce plant, (L. sativa var.), curly leafed variety.
LettuceMature lettuce plant, (L. sativa var.), curly leafed variety.©AgrEvo
Lettuce (L. sativa var.) grown as a commercial field crop, note 'poly-tunnels' to protect developing plants.
TitleLettuce field crop
CaptionLettuce (L. sativa var.) grown as a commercial field crop, note 'poly-tunnels' to protect developing plants.
Copyright©AgrEvo
Lettuce (L. sativa var.) grown as a commercial field crop, note 'poly-tunnels' to protect developing plants.
Lettuce field cropLettuce (L. sativa var.) grown as a commercial field crop, note 'poly-tunnels' to protect developing plants.©AgrEvo

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Lactuca sativa L.

Preferred Common Name

  • lettuce

International Common Names

  • Spanish: lechuga
  • French: laitue
  • Arabic: khass
  • Portuguese: alface

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Gartenlattich; grüner Salat; Kopfsalat
  • Italy: lattuga
  • Netherlands: sla, gewoone
  • Sweden: sallat, vanligt

EPPO code

  • LACSA (Lactuca sativa)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Asterales
  •                         Family: Asteraceae
  •                             Genus: Lactuca
  •                                 Species: Lactuca sativa

List of Pests

Top of page

Major host of:

Agrotis exclamationis (moth, heart and dart); Agrotis ipsilon (black cutworm); Agrotis malefida (pale-sided cutworm); Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); Aleurotrachelus trachoides; Alfalfa mosaic virus (alfalfa yellow spot); Alternaria brassicae (dark spot of crucifers); Arabis mosaic virus (hop bare-bine); Arion ater (european black slug); Arion vulgaris (Spanish slug); Aulacorthum solani (foxglove aphid); Autographa gamma (silver-Y moth); Beet yellow stunt virus; Bemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly); Bemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly); Bemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly); Bidens mosaic virus; Bidens mottle virus; Botryotinia fuckeliana (grey mould-rot); Bremia lactucae (downy mildew of lettuce); Broad bean wilt virus (lamium mild mosaic); Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Ceratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight); Cercospora beticola (cercospora leaf spot of beets); Cercospora lactucae-sativae (cercospora leaf spot of lettuce); Chamomilla recutita (common chamomile); Chromatomyia horticola (pea leaf miner); Chrysodeixis eriosoma (green looper caterpillar); Chrysodeixis includens (soybean looper); Cornu aspersum (common garden snail); Cucumber mosaic virus (cucumber mosaic); Cynthia cardui (painted lady butterfly); Deroceras invadens (tramp slug); Deroceras laeve (meadow slug); Digitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass); Diplosolenodes occidentale; Emex spinosa (spiny emex); Eragrostis cilianensis (stink grass); Forficula auricularia (European earwig); Frankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips); Frankliniella schultzei (cotton thrips); Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lactucae; Galinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier); Golovinomyces cichoracearum (powdery mildew); Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode); Helicoverpa assulta (Oriental tobacco budworm); Heliothis virescens (tobacco budworm); Henosepilachna elaterii (melon (ladybird) beetle); Lettuce big-vein virus (lettuce big vein-virus); Lettuce infectious yellows virus (infectious yellows of lettuce); Lettuce mosaic virus (lettuce mosaic); Lettuce necrotic yellows virus; Liriomyza bryoniae (tomato leaf miner); Liriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer); Liriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner); Liriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer); Listroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil); Longidorus (longidorids); Loxostege sticticalis (beet webworm); Lygus rugulipennis (bishop bug); Macrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid); Macrosteles quadrilineatus (aster leafhopper); Mamestra brassicae (cabbage moth); Meloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode); Microdochium panattonianum (anthracnose (of lettuce)); Mirafiori lettuce big-vein virus; Mycocentrospora acerina (anthracnose of caraway); Myzus persicae (green peach aphid); Nacobbus aberrans (false root-knot nematode); Nemorimyza maculosa (chrysanthemum leaf miner); Olpidium brassicae (Olpidium seedling blight); Orobanche (broomrape); Otala lactea (milk snail); Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum (bacterial root rot of sweet potato); Peridroma saucia (pearly underwing moth); Physarum cinereum; Phytophthora cryptogea (tomato foot rot); Platysenta concisa; Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Pseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive); Pseudomonas marginalis pv. marginalis (lettuce marginal leaf blight); Pseudomonas marginalis pv. pastinacae (brown rot); Pseudomonas syringae pv. aptata (leaf spot: sugarbeet); Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae (bacterial canker or blast (stone and pome fruits)); Pseudomonas syringae pv. tagetis (bacterial: Tagetes spp. leaf spot); Pythium aphanidermatum (damping-off); Pythium ultimum (black-leg of seedlings); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Sarasinula plebeia; Scapteriscus (mole crickets); Sclerotinia minor (sclerotinia disease of lettuce); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Senecio vulgaris; Septoria lactucae (leaf spot of lettuce); Spodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm); Taraxacum officinale complex (dandelion); Thanatephorus cucumeris (many names, depending on host); Thrips palmi (melon thrips); Tobacco streak virus (tobacco streak); Tomato black ring virus (ring spot of beet); Tomato infectious chlorosis virus; Tomato spotted wilt virus (tomato spotted wilt); Trichodorus (stubby root nematodes); Turnip mosaic virus (cabbage A virus mosaic); Urochloa plantaginea (marmeladegrass); Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. vitians (leafspot)

Minor host of:

Aleurodicus dispersus (whitefly); Alternaria brassicicola (dark leaf spot of cabbage); Alternaria dauci (leaf blight of carrot); Amaranthus blitum (livid amaranth); Aphis fabae (black bean aphid); Aphis gossypii (cotton aphid); Aphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid); Arion hortensis (garden slug); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Beet mosaic virus (spinach mosaic virus); Beet western yellows virus (turnip (mild) yellows); Belonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode); Carnation mottle virus (mottle of carnation); Chalara elegans (black root rot); Chrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth); Cirsium arvense (creeping thistle); Cochliobolus sativus (root and foot rot); Deroceras reticulatum (grey field slug); Diabrotica speciosa (cucurbit beetle); Dickeya chrysanthemi (bacterial wilt of chrysanthemum and other ornamentals); Didymella ligulicola (ray (flower) blight of chrysanthemum); Duponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid); Edessa meditabunda (green and brown stink bug); Epitrix cucumeris (potato flea beetle); Epitrix tuberis (tuber flea beetle); Gibberella intricans (damping-off of safflower); Globisporangium irregulare (dieback: carrot); Golovinomyces orontii (powdery mildew); Halotydeus destructor (redlegged earth mite); Helicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode); Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus (spiral nematode); Helicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm); Hypera postica (lucerne weevil); Hyperomyzus lactucae (blackcurrant-sowthistle aphid); Icerya seychellarum (Seychelles scale); Impatiens necrotic spot virus (TSWV-I); Lettuce Italian necrotic virus; Lolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass); Longidorus elongatus (needle nematode); Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); Meloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode); Meloidogyne mayaguensis; Murgantia histrionica (harlequin bug); Nasonovia ribisnigri (currant-lettuce aphid); Nicandra physalodes (apple of Peru); Noctua pronuba (common yellow underwing moth); Orobanche crenata (crenate broomrape); Orobanche minor (common broomrape); Orobanche ramosa (branched broomrape); Petrobia latens (brown wheat mite); Phoma tropica; Phytophthora drechsleri (watermelon fruit rot); Phytophthora porri (white tip of leek); Phytoplasma aurantifolia (lime witches' broom phytoplasma); Plutella xylostella (diamondback moth); Poa annua (annual meadowgrass); Podosphaera fusca (powdery mildew); Pomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail); Pratylenchus zeae (root lesion nematode); Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode); Scutellonema brachyurus; Scutellonema clathricaudatum; Spodoptera eridania (southern armyworm); Spodoptera exigua (beet armyworm); Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Stemphylium solani (grey leaf spot); Theba pisana (white garden snail); Thysanoplusia orichalcea (slender burnished brass moth); Tipula paludosa (European crane fly); Tobacco necrosis virus (augusta disease of tulip); Tobacco rattle virus (spraing of potato); Tomato chlorotic spot virus; Tomato zonate spot virus; Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper); Verticillium dahliae (verticillium wilt); Xestia c-nigrum (spotted cutworm)

Wild host of:

Rhodococcus fascians (fasciation: leafy gall); Xiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)

Associated with (not a host):

Burkholderia cepacia (sour skin of onion); Delia platura (bean seed fly); Phytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback); Trichoderma harzianum (hyperparasite of Rhizoctonia solani)

Host of (source - data mining):

Agriotes lineatus (wireworm); Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Dyscinetus morator; Empoasca; Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Gryllus assimilis (field cricket); Lacanobia oleracea (bright-line brown-eye moth); Myrothecium roridum (blight: eggplant); Pemphigus bursarius (lettuce aphid); Pemphigus populitransversus (poplar petiolegall aphid); Pyrenochaeta lycopersici (brown root: tomato rot); Pythium tracheiphilum (bottom rot of lettuce); Pythium uncinulatum (bottom rot of lettuce); Tetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite); Trialeurodes abutiloneus (whitefly, bandedwing); Trialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse); Uroleucon cichorii; Uroleucon sonchi (sowthistle, aphid)