Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Juniperus oxycedrus
(prickly juniper)

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Datasheet

Juniperus oxycedrus (prickly juniper)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Juniperus oxycedrus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • prickly juniper
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •         Class: Pinopsida
  • Uses List
  • Charcoal
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Fuelwood
  • Ornamental
  • Revegetation

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Dense maquis cover of Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. macrocarpa on coastal sand dunes. Thyrrenian coast in Tuscany, Italy.
TitleHabit
CaptionDense maquis cover of Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. macrocarpa on coastal sand dunes. Thyrrenian coast in Tuscany, Italy.
CopyrightGiovanni Bernetti
Dense maquis cover of Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. macrocarpa on coastal sand dunes. Thyrrenian coast in Tuscany, Italy.
HabitDense maquis cover of Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. macrocarpa on coastal sand dunes. Thyrrenian coast in Tuscany, Italy.Giovanni Bernetti
Needles and immature fruits of Juniperus oxycedrus ssp macrocarpa.
TitleFoliage and fruits
CaptionNeedles and immature fruits of Juniperus oxycedrus ssp macrocarpa.
CopyrightGiovanni Bernetti
Needles and immature fruits of Juniperus oxycedrus ssp macrocarpa.
Foliage and fruitsNeedles and immature fruits of Juniperus oxycedrus ssp macrocarpa.Giovanni Bernetti

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Juniperus oxycedrus L.

Preferred Common Name

  • prickly juniper

Other Scientific Names

  • Juniperus lobelii Gussone
  • Juniperus macrocarpa Sm.
  • Juniperus nebrodensis Gordon
  • Juniperus oxycedrus subsp. badia (H. Gay) Debeaux
  • Juniperus rufescens Link, nom. illeg.
  • Juniperus umbilicata Godr.

International Common Names

  • English: cade; cade juniper; plum juniper; red-berry juniper
  • Spanish: enebro de bayas rojas; enebro de la miera
  • French: cedre piquant; genévrier a gros fruit; genévrier cade; genévrier epineux

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Kade; rotbeeriger Wacholder; zeder Wacholder
  • Italy: ginepro coccolone; ginepro pungente; ginepro rosso
  • Serbia: crvena kleka

EPPO code

  • IUPOM (Juniperus oxycedrus subsp. macrocarpa)
  • IUPOO (Juniperus oxycedrus)

Subspecies

  • Juniperus oxycedrus subsp. badia
  • Juniperus oxycedrus subsp. macrocarpa
  • Juniperus oxycedrus subsp. oxycedrus
  • Juniperus oxycedrus subsp. transtagna

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •                 Class: Pinopsida
  •                     Family: Cupressaceae
  •                         Genus: Juniperus
  •                             Species: Juniperus oxycedrus

Uses List

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Environmental

  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Revegetation

Fuels

  • Charcoal
  • Fuelwood

General

  • Ornamental

Materials

  • Carved material
  • Essential oils
  • Pesticide
  • Wood/timber

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Traditional/folklore

Wood Products

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Charcoal

Roundwood

  • Pit props
  • Posts
  • Stakes

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Engineering structures

Wood extractives (including oil)

Woodware

  • Industrial and domestic woodware
  • Tool handles
  • Turnery
  • Wood carvings