Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Ipomoea batatas
(sweet potato)

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Datasheet

Ipomoea batatas (sweet potato)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 17 November 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Ipomoea batatas
  • Preferred Common Name
  • sweet potato
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Feathery Mottle Virus; Foliar symptoms on sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas). North Carolina, USA.
TitleFoliar symptoms
CaptionFeathery Mottle Virus; Foliar symptoms on sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas). North Carolina, USA.
Copyright©Gerald Holmes, Strawberry Center, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo/via Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Feathery Mottle Virus; Foliar symptoms on sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas). North Carolina, USA.
Foliar symptomsFeathery Mottle Virus; Foliar symptoms on sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas). North Carolina, USA.©Gerald Holmes, Strawberry Center, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo/via Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Ipomoea batatas: 1, flowering branch; 2, storage roots.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
TitleI. batatas - line drawing
CaptionIpomoea batatas: 1, flowering branch; 2, storage roots. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
CopyrightPROSEA Foundation
Ipomoea batatas: 1, flowering branch; 2, storage roots.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
I. batatas - line drawingIpomoea batatas: 1, flowering branch; 2, storage roots. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.PROSEA Foundation
Feathery Mottle Virus; Foliar symptoms on sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas). North Carolina, USA.
TitleFoliar symptoms
CaptionFeathery Mottle Virus; Foliar symptoms on sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas). North Carolina, USA.
Copyright©Gerald Holmes, Strawberry Center, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo/via Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Feathery Mottle Virus; Foliar symptoms on sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas). North Carolina, USA.
Foliar symptomsFeathery Mottle Virus; Foliar symptoms on sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas). North Carolina, USA.©Gerald Holmes, Strawberry Center, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo/via Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
TitleI. batatas - colour illustration
Caption
Copyright©Wilhelm Valder
I. batatas - colour illustration©Wilhelm Valder
Feathery Mottle Virus; Russet crack symptoms on sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas).
TitleRoot symptoms
CaptionFeathery Mottle Virus; Russet crack symptoms on sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas).
Copyright©Gerald Holmes, Strawberry Center, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo/via Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Feathery Mottle Virus; Russet crack symptoms on sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas).
Root symptomsFeathery Mottle Virus; Russet crack symptoms on sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas).©Gerald Holmes, Strawberry Center, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo/via Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Feathery Mottle Virus; Close-up of russet crack symptoms on sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas).
TitleRoot symptoms
CaptionFeathery Mottle Virus; Close-up of russet crack symptoms on sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas).
Copyright©Gerald Holmes, Strawberry Center, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo/via Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Feathery Mottle Virus; Close-up of russet crack symptoms on sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas).
Root symptomsFeathery Mottle Virus; Close-up of russet crack symptoms on sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas).©Gerald Holmes, Strawberry Center, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo/via Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lamk (1793)

Preferred Common Name

  • sweet potato

Other Scientific Names

  • Batatas edulis (Thunb.) Choisy (1833)
  • Convolvulus batatas L. (1753)
  • Convolvulus edulis Thunb. (1784)

International Common Names

  • Spanish: batata; boniato; camote
  • French: batate; patate douce
  • Chinese: fan shu; gan shu; hong shu

Local Common Names

  • Cambodia: dâmlông chvië
  • Germany: Suesskartoffel
  • Indonesia: huwi boled; ketela rambat; ubi jalar
  • Italy: patata dolce
  • Laos: man kèw
  • Malaysia: ubi keladi
  • Myanmar: myonk-ni
  • Papua New Guinea: kaema; kaukau
  • Philippines: kamote
  • Sweden: batat
  • Thailand: man-thet
  • Vietnam: khoai lang

EPPO code

  • IPOBA (Ipomoea batatas)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Solanales
  •                         Family: Convolvulaceae
  •                             Genus: Ipomoea
  •                                 Species: Ipomoea batatas

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 29 Apr 2022
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AngolaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 710,000 MT (F)
BeninPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 69,520 MT
Burkina FasoPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 65,000 MT (F)
BurundiPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 873,663 MT (F)
Cabo VerdePresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 4,700 MT (F)
CameroonPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 190,000 MT (F)
ChadPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 75,000 MT (F)
ComorosPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 5,500 MT (F)
Congo, Republic of thePresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 6,000 MT (F)
Côte d'IvoirePresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 62,016 MT
EgyptPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 258,983 MT
Equatorial GuineaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 36,000 MT (F)
EswatiniPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 2,300 MT (F)
EthiopiaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 526,487 MT
GabonPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 3,000 MT (F)
GhanaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 91,000 MT (F)
GuineaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 204,598 MT
KenyaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 894,781 MT
LiberiaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 21,000 MT (F)
MadagascarPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 890,000 MT (F)
MaliPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 290,000 MT (F)
MauritaniaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 2,000 MT (F)
MauritiusPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 800 MT
MoroccoPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 10,895 MT
MozambiquePresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 67,000 MT (F)
NigerPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 57,877 MT
NigeriaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 3,318,000 MT
RéunionPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 650 MT (F)
RwandaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 800,000 MT (F)
SenegalPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 40,000 MT (F)
Sierra LeonePresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 30,000 MT (F)
SomaliaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 7,000 MT (F)
South AfricaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 48,531 MT
SudanPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 8,700 MT (F)
TanzaniaPresent
TogoPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 3,500 MT (*)
UgandaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 2,707,000 MT
ZambiaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 67,500 MT (F)
ZimbabwePresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 1,800 MT (F)

Asia

BahrainPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 0 MT (F)
BangladeshPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 307,221 MT
BhutanPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 0 MT (M)
BruneiPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 220 MT (F)
CambodiaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 39,621 MT
ChinaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 8,521,2926 MT (F)
-AnhuiPresent
-ChongqingPresent
-FujianPresent
-GuangdongPresent
-GuangxiPresent
-GuizhouPresent
-HainanPresent
-HebeiPresent
-HenanPresent
-JiangsuPresent
-JilinPresent
-NingxiaPresent
-ShaanxiPresent
-ShandongPresent
-ShanxiPresent
-SichuanPresent
-ZhejiangPresent
IndiaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 1,146,100 MT
-KeralaPresent
-OdishaPresent
IndonesiaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 1,876,944 MT
-JavaPresent
IranPresent
IsraelPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 23,316 MT
JapanPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 968,400 MT (F)
MalaysiaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 29,140 MT
MaldivesPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 65 MT
MyanmarPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 57,000 MT (F)
PakistanPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 9,810 MT
PhilippinesPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 572,655 MT
SingaporePresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 0 MT (F)
South KoreaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 329,351 MT
Sri LankaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 52,460 MT
TaiwanPresentIntroduced1909
ThailandPresent
TurkeyPresent
VietnamPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 1,323,900 MT
YemenPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 300 MT (F)
-SocotraPresentIntroduced2003

Europe

CroatiaPresent
GreecePresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 8,000 MT (F)
ItalyPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 8,158 MT
PortugalPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 26,000 MT (F)
-AzoresPresentIntroduced1589
RomaniaPresent
SpainPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 25,000 MT (F)
-Canary IslandsPresentIntroducedFirst reported: 1990's
United KingdomPresentIntroduced1964

North America

Antigua and BarbudaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 280 MT (F)
BahamasPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 880 MT (F)
BarbadosPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 2,200 MT (F)
BelizePresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 63 MT
BermudaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 10 MT (F)
Cayman IslandsPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 3 MT (F)
CubaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 375,000 MT
DominicaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 1,850 MT (F)
Dominican RepublicPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 35,495 MT
El SalvadorPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 575 MT (F)
GrenadaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 280 MT (F)
GuadeloupePresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 4,300 MT (F)
HaitiPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 230,000 MT
HondurasPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 6,900 MT (F)
JamaicaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 25,797 MT
MartiniquePresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 1,000 MT (F)
MexicoPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 56,832 MT
MontserratPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 20 MT (F)
Puerto RicoPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 3,400 MT (F)
Saint Kitts and NevisPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 199 MT
Saint LuciaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 280 MT (F)
Trinidad and TobagoPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 320 MT (F)
United StatesPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 836,560 MT
-LouisianaPresent
-North CarolinaPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 4,500 MT (F)
-Australian Capital TerritoryPresent
-Western AustraliaPresent
Cook IslandsPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 700 MT (F)
Federated States of MicronesiaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 3,200 MT (F)
FijiPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 2,294 MT (F)
GuamPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 130 MT (F)
New CaledoniaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 3,200 MT (F)
New ZealandPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 18,500 MT (F)
-Kermadec IslandsPresentIntroduced1956
NiuePresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 260 MT (F)
Papua New GuineaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 580,000 MT (F)
SamoaPresent
Solomon IslandsPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 86,000 MT (F)
TongaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 6,800 MT (F)

South America

ArgentinaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 340,000 MT (F)
BoliviaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 7,328 MT (F)
BrazilPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 519,000 MT (F)
-Espirito SantoPresent
-Minas GeraisPresent
-PernambucoPresent
-Rio Grande do SulPresent
ChilePresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 9,500 MT (F)
EcuadorPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 3,200 MT (F)
GuyanaPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 2,000 MT (F)
ParaguayPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 166,000 MT (F)
PeruPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 184,765 MT (F)
SurinamePresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 784 MT
UruguayPresentSweet potatoes production (2008) 22,044 MT

References

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Austin D, 1978. The Ipomoea batatas complex - I. Taxonomy. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 105(2):114-129.

Austin DF, 1977. Hybrid polyploids in Ipomoea section Batatas. Journal of Heredity, 68(4):259-260.

Austin DF, 1987. The taxonomy, evolution and genetic diversity of sweet potatoes and related wild species. In: Exploration, maintenance and utilization of sweet potato genetic resources. Report of the First Sweet Potato Planning Conference, 23-27 February 1987, Lima, Peru. Lima, Peru: International Potato Center (CIP), 27-59.

George, R. A. T., 2010. Tropical vegetable production., Tropical vegetable production:x + 202 pp. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20103382703

Kashina, B. D., Mabagala, R. B., Mpunami, A. A., 2002. Reservoir weed hosts of tomato yellow leaf curl Begomovirus from Tanzania. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection, 35(4), 269-278. doi: 10.1080/03235400216134

Lebot V, 2008. Tropical root and tuber crops: cassava, sweet potato, yams and aroids [ed. by Atherton, J.\Rees, A.]. Wallingford, UK: CABI, xv-xix + 404 pp. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20093020206

McDonald JA, Austin DF, 1990. Changes and additions in Ipomoea section Batatas (Convolvulaceae). Brittonia, 42(2):116-120.

Nishiyama I, 1982. Autohexaploid evolution of the sweet potato. In: Sweet potato. Proceedings of the first international symposium, Taiwan, 23-27 March 1981 [ed. by Villareal, R. L.\Griggs, T. D.]. Tainan, Taiwan: Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center, 263-274.

Nishiyama I, Miyazaki T, Sakamoto S, 1975. Evolutionary autoploidy in the sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.) and its progenitors. Euphytica, 24(1):197-208.

Ooststroom SJ van, Hoogland RD, 1954. Convolvulaceae. In: Flora Malesiana, Ser. 1(4) [ed. by Steenis, C. G. G. J. van]. Jakarta, Indonesia: Noordhoff-Kolff NV, 388-512.

Welbaum, G. E., 2015. Vegetable production and practices., Vegetable production and practices:ix + 476 pp.

Distribution References

Abad J A, Parks E J, New S L, Fuentes S, Jester W, Moyer J W, 2007. First report of Sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus, a component of sweetpotato virus disease, in North Carolina. Plant Disease. 91 (3), 327. HTTP://www.apsnet.org DOI:10.1094/PDIS-91-3-0327B

Abdel-Salam A M M, Rezk A A, Dawoud R A, 2019. Biochemical, serological, molecular and natural host studies on Tomato Chlorosis Virus in Egypt. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. 22 (2), 83-94. https://scialert.net/fulltext/?doi=pjbs.2019.83.94&org=11

Abdulrahman M D, Abdullahi F, Uwais U U, Tahir S M, Abdulkadir S, Ibrahim B, Yunusa A, Labaran I, Muhammad U, 2019. Macroscopic and microscopic examinations of fungi associated with Ipomoea batatas in Kaduna state, northern Nigeria. Annals Food Science and Technology. 20 (4), 909-915. http://www.afst.valahia.ro/images/documente/2019/issue4/V.1_Dogara.pdf

Almeida T R P, Coelho I L, Vasconcelos L S B, Pontes M A, Vieira W A S, Câmara M P S, Doyle V P, Laranjeira D, 2020. First report of Diaporthe kongii causing foot rot on sweet potato in Brazil. Plant Disease. 104 (1), 284-284. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-04-19-0868-PDN

Almeyda C V, Abad J A, Pesic-VanEsbroeck Z, 2013. First report of Sweet potato virus G and Sweet potato virus 2 infecting sweetpotato in North Carolina. Plant Disease. 97 (11), 1516. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-04-13-0359-PDN

Alum E A, Umeh S O, Amajor J U, Reuben-Kalu J I, 2019. Occurrence of post-harvest fungi affecting sweetpotato (Ipomoae batatas (L) Lam) in Ebonyi State, south eastern Nigeria. Nigerian Agricultural Journal. 50 (1), 101-109. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/naj/article/view/190653

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Chai ALi, Du GongFu, Shi YanXia, Xie XueWen, Li BaoJu, 2015. Leaf spot on sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) caused by Stemphylium solani, a new disease in China. Journal of Phytopathology. 163 (11/12), 1046-1049. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1439-0434

Cheng Y H, Wang Y C, Wang L Y, Huang L H, Chen T C, 2020. First report of sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus infecting sweetpotato in Taiwan. Plant Disease. 104 (9), 2535-2535. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-20-0122-PDN

Chu Dong, Li XianChun, Zhang YouJun, 2012. Microsatellite analyses reveal the sources and genetic diversity of the first-introduced Q-biotype population and the well-established B-biotype populations of Bemisia tabaci in China. Acta Entomologica Sinica. 55 (12), 1376-1385. http://www.insect.org.cn/EN/volumn/current.shtml

Chu Dong, Zhang YouJun, Brown J K, Cong Bin, Xu BaoYun, Wu QingJun, Zhu GuoRen, 2006. The introduction of the exotic Q biotype of Bemisia tabaci from the Mediterranean region into China on ornamental crops. Florida Entomologist. 89 (2), 168-174. http://www.fcla.edu/FlaEnt/fe89p168.pdf DOI:10.1653/0015-4040(2006)89[168:TIOTEQ]2.0.CO;2

Clark C A, Doyle V P, Villordon A Q, Gregorie J C, 2019. First report of pythium root rot on aeroponically grown sweetpotato caused by Pythium myriotylum in Louisiana. Plant Disease. 103 (2), 378. DOI:10.1094/pdis-05-18-0865-pdn

Colmán A, Lima I M, Costa H, Barreto R W, 2020. Boeremia exigua causing leaf spots on sweet potato in Brazil. Australasian Plant Disease Notes. 15 (21), (16 May 2020). DOI:10.1007/s13314-020-00390-z

Deng X G, Zhu F, Zhu T, Lin H H, Xi D H, 2014. First report of Sweet potato chlorotic fleck virus infecting sweet potato in Sichuan Province, China. Plant Disease. 98 (1), 163. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-05-13-0578-PDN

Fatiaki F A, Palomar M K, Furlong M, 2017. Abundance and distribution of West Indian sweet potato weevil, Euscepes batatae (Waterhouse) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in Samoa. Journal of South Pacific Agriculture. 16-24. http://www.journalofsouthpacificagriculture.com/index.php/JOSPA/article/view/Fatiaki%20et%20al%2C%202017/pdf

Fuentes S, Salazar L F, 2003. First report of Sweet potato leaf curl virus in Peru. Plant Disease. 87 (1), 98. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2003.87.1.98C

Gao B, Wang R Y, Chen S L, Li X H, Ma J, 2014. First report of root-knot nematode Meloidogyne enterolobii on sweet potato in China. Plant Disease. 98 (5), 702. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-13-0953-PDN

Gao B, Wang R Y, Chen S L, Ma J, Li X H, 2016. First report of Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum and P. carotovorum subsp. odoriferum causing bacterial soft rot of sweetpotato in China. Plant Disease. 100 (8), 1776. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-11-15-1370-PDN

Golkhandan E, Kamaruzaman S, Sariah M, Abidin M A Z, Nazerian E, Yassoralipour A, 2013. First report of soft rot disease caused by Pectobacterium wasabiae on sweet potato, tomato, and eggplant in Malaysia. Plant Disease. 97 (5), 685. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-08-12-0759-PDN

Götz M, Winter S, 2016. Diversity of Bemisia tabaci in Thailand and Vietnam and indications of species replacement. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology. 19 (2), 537-543. DOI:10.1016/j.aspen.2016.04.017

Gutiérrez D L, Fuentes S, Salazar L F, 2003. Sweetpotato virus disease (SPVD): distribution, incidence, and effect on sweetpotato yield in Peru. Plant Disease. 87 (3), 297-302. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2003.87.3.297

Huang L F, Fang B P, Luo Z X, Chen J Y, Zhang X J, Wang Z Y, 2010. First report of bacterial stem and root rot of sweetpotato caused by a Dickeya sp. (Erwinia chrysanthemi) in China. Plant Disease. 94 (12), 1503. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-06-10-0417

Huang L F, Fang B P, Ye S J, Liu W M, Chen J Y, Zhang X J, Luo Z X, Wang Z Y, Yao Z F, 2017. Rhizoctonia solani AG-4 HG-I causing stem rot of sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas) in China. Plant Disease. 101 (1), 245-246. DOI:10.1094/pdis-04-16-0565-pdn

Jones R A C, Dwyer G I, 2007. Detection of Sweet potato chlorotic fleck virus and Sweet potato feathery mottle virus - strain O in Australia. Australasian Plant Pathology. 36 (6), 591-594. DOI:10.1071/AP07069

Kajita H, 2000. Geographical distribution and species composition of parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) of Trialeurodes vaporariorum and Bemisia tabaci-complex (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in Japan. Applied Entomology and Zoology. 35 (1), 155-162. DOI:10.1303/aez.2000.155

Kashina B D, Mabagala R B, Mpunami A A, 2002. Reservoir weed hosts of tomato yellow leaf curl Begomovirus from Tanzania. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection. 35 (4), 269-278. DOI:10.1080/03235400216134

Kaya K, Cengız F C, Çalıșkan M E, Çalıșkan S, 2016. The lepidopteran pests of sweet potato: first record of Helcystogramma triannulella (Herrich-Schäffer) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) with population development and natural enemies in Turkey. Türkiye Entomoloji Dergisi. 40 (2), 149-156. http://dergipark.ulakbim.gov.tr/entoted/article/view/5000175673/5000165901

Kil E J, Kim J, Byun H S, Kim S, Kwak H R, Kim M K, Choi H S, Chung M N, Lee S, 2014. First report of Sweet potato golden vein associated virus infecting sweet potato in Korea. Plant Disease. 98 (8), 1163. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Lee Y J, Mannaa M, Jeong J J, Lee H U, Kim W, Kim K D, 2016. First report of dry rot of sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas) caused by Diaporthe batatas in Korea. Plant Disease. 100 (8), 1786. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-02-16-0249-PDN

Maharachchikumbura S S N, Wu S P, Hyde K D, Al-Sadi A M, Liu Z Y, 2016. First report of sweet potato leaf spot caused by Neopestalotiopsis ellipsospora in Guizhou Province, China. Journal of Plant Pathology. 98 (3), 686. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3747/2388

Maich S L S P, Nascimento M B, Neves C G, Souza Junior I T, Silva F N da, Barros D R, 2019. First report on sweet potato symptomless virus 1 in Ipomoea batatas in state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Plant Disease. 103 (3), 593-594. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-05-18-0731-PDN

Manole T, Chireceanu C, Teodoru A, 2017. Current status of Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte, 1868 (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in Romania. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica. 143-148. http://www.acta-zoologica-bulgarica.eu/downloads/acta-zoologica-bulgarica/2017/supplement-9-143-148.pdf

Martino J M, Fontenele R S, Ferreira F A, Ribeiro S G, Feo L D V di, 2017. First report of Sweet potato leaf curl Georgia virus in sweet potato in Argentina. Plant Disease. 101 (3), 513. DOI:10.1094/pdis-08-16-1215-pdn

Mbanzibwa D R, Tairo F, Gwandu C, Kullaya A, Valkonen J P T, 2011. First report of sweetpotato symptomless virus 1 and sweetpotato virus A in sweetpotatoes in Tanzania. Plant Disease. 95 (2), 224-225. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-10-10-0707

Mello J F, Brito A C Q, Motta C M S, Vieira J C B, Michereff S J, Machado A R, 2019. First report of Neoscytalidium dimidiatum causing root rot in sweet potato in Brazil. Plant Disease. 103 (2), 373-374. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-18-1242-PDN

Miano D W, LaBonte D R, Clark C A, Valverde R A, Hoy M W, Hurtt S, Li R, 2006. First report of a begomovirus infecting sweetpotato in Kenya. Plant Disease. 90 (6), 832. DOI:10.1094/PD-90-0832B

Mohammed H S, El-Siddig M A, El-Hussein A A, Ibrahim F A, Navas-Castillo J, Fiallo-Olivé E, 2017. First report of Sweet potato leaf curl virus infecting sweet potato in Sudan. Plant Disease. 101 (5), 849-850. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-12-16-1705-PDN

Mware B, Olubayo F, Narla R, Songa J, Amata R, Kyamanywa S, Ateka E M, 2010. First record of spiraling whitefly in coastal Kenya: emergence, host range, distribution and association with cassava brown streak virus disease. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 12 (3), 411-415. http://www.fspublishers.org/ijab/past-issues/IJABVOL_12_NO_3/18.pdf

Nhlapo T F, Mulabisana J M, Odeny D A, Rey M E C, Rees D J G, 2018. First report of sweet potato Badnavirus A and sweet potato Badnavirus B in South Africa. Plant Disease. 102 (9), 1865. DOI:10.1094/pdis-08-17-1235-pdn

Nigussie Seboka Tadesse, Amare Seifu Assefa, Manaye Misganaw Motbaynor, Edget Merawi Betsiha, Ashenafi Ayenew Hailu, Girum Faris Beyene, Tesfaye Bekele Hordofa, 2017. Invasion and impacts of Xanthium strumarium in Borena Zone of Oromia Region, Ethiopia. Journal of Coastal Life Medicine. 5 (8), 350-355. DOI:10.12980/jclm.5.2017j7-26

Opiyo S A, Ateka E M, Owuor P O, Manguro L O A, Karuri H W, 2010. Survey of sweet potato viruses in Western Kenya and detection of Cucumber mosaic virus. Journal of Plant Pathology. 92 (3), 797-801. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/volumes/0310/031028.pdf

Parrella G, Stradis A de, Giorgini M, 2006. Sweet potato feathery mottle virus is the casual agent of sweetpotato virus disease in Italy. Plant Pathology. 55 (6), 818. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/servlet/useragent?func=showIssues&code=ppa DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2006.01476.x

Paul N C, Nam S S, Lee H U, Hwang E J, Yang J W, 2017. First report of rhizopus soft rot of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) caused by Rhizopus microsporus in Korea. Journal of Plant Pathology. 99 (3), 805. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3930/2574

Paul N C, Nam S S, Yang J W, Kachroo A, 2018. First report of blue mold caused by Penicillium oxalicum in sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas) in Korea. Plant Disease. 102 (6), 1176. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-17-1421-PDN

Perez-Egusquiza Z, Ward L I, Clover G R G, Fletcher J D, 2009. Detection of Sweet potato virus 2 in sweet potato in New Zealand. Plant Disease. 93 (4), 427. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-93-4-0427B

Pintar M, Milek T M, Šimala M, Markotić V, 2017. Mealybugs (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha) as unusual pests on vegetables in Croatia. In: Zbornik predavanj in referatov, 13. Slovenskega posvetovanja o varstvu rastlin z mednarodno udeležbo, Rimske Toplice, 7.-8 marec 2017 [Lectures and papers: presented at the 13th Slovenian conference on plant protection with international participation Rimske Toplice, March 7-8 2017.], Ljubljana, Slovenia: Društvo za Varstvo Rastlin Slovenije. 325-330.

Prakash S, Tam Y, Zeidan M, Abu-Ras A, Gaba V, 2013. First report of Sweet potato virus C infecting sweet potato in Israel. New Disease Reports. 4. DOI:10.5197/j.2044-0588.2013.028.004

Prasanth G, Hegde V, 2008. Occurrence of Sweet potato feathery mottle virus and Sweet potato leaf curl Georgia virus on sweet potato in India. Plant Disease. 92 (2), 311. HTTP://www.apsnet.org DOI:10.1094/PDIS-92-2-0311B

Qiao Q, Zhang Z C, Qin Y H, Zhang D S, Tian Y T, Wang Y J, 2011. First report of Sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus infecting sweet potato in China. Plant Disease. 95 (3), 356. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-10-0675

Qin Y H, Li X C, Zhang Z C, Qiao Q, Zhang D S, Wang Y J, Tian Y T, Wang S, 2016. First report of sweet potato badnavirus A in China. Plant Disease. 100 (4), 865-866. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-15-1081-PDN

Qin Y, Zhang Z, Qiao Z, Qiao Q, Zhang D, Tian Y, Wang S, 2013. First report of Sweet potato leaf curl Georgia virus on sweet potato in China. Plant Disease. 97 (10), 1388-1389. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-10-12-0967-PDN

Rao Q, Luo C, Zhang H, Guo X, Devine G J, 2011. Distribution and dynamics of Bemisia tabaci invasive biotypes in central China. Bulletin of Entomological Research. 101 (1), 81-88. DOI:10.1017/S0007485310000428

Safa J M, Nasrolahnejad S, Neishaburi F S M, 2016. Detection and identification of tomato ring spot virus in ornamental plants in North Khorasan Province. Journal of Ornamental Plants. 6 (3), 141-150. http://jornamental.iaurasht.ac.ir/article_524566_7227145401db7477cf27bcb8dcb87594.pdf

Sartiami D, Mound L A, 2013. Identification of the terebrantian thrips (Insecta, Thysanoptera) associated with cultivated plants in Java, Indonesia. ZooKeys. 1-21. http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/5455/identification-of-the-terebrantian-thrips-insecta-thysanoptera-associated-with-cultivated-plants-in-java-indonesia

Schwarz T, Li ChunYing, Ye WeiMin, Davis E, 2020. Distribution of Meloidogyne enterolobii in eastern North Carolina and comparison of four isolates. Plant Health Progress. DOI:10.1094/PHP-12-19-0093-RS

Seebens H, Blackburn T M, Dyer E E, Genovesi P, Hulme P E, Jeschke J M, Pagad S, Pyšek P, Winter M, Arianoutsou M, Bacher S, Blasius B, Brundu G, Capinha C, Celesti-Grapow L, Dawson W, Dullinger S, Fuentes N, Jäger H, Kartesz J, Kenis M, Kreft H, Kühn I, Lenzner B, Liebhold A, Mosena A (et al), 2017. No saturation in the accumulation of alien species worldwide. Nature Communications. 8 (2), 14435. http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14435

Shen RuiQing, Zhang Ping, Guo ChengJin, Zhang LiRong, Kang PingZhi, 2012. Study on fungi belonging to Fusarium Link in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. Plant Diseases and Pests. 3 (2), 6-8.

Sim J, Valverde R A, Clark C A, 2000. Whitefly transmission of sweetpotato chlorotic stunt virus. Plant Disease. 84 (11), 1250. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2000.84.11.1250C

Souza C A, Rossato M, Melo F L, Boiteux L S, Pereira-Carvalho R C, 2018. First report of sweet potato symptomless virus 1 infecting Ipomoea batatas in Brazil. Plant Disease. 102 (10), 2052. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-18-0083-PDN

Souza M W R de, Silva N O, Sá E G M de, Leite G L D, Zanuncio J C, Soares M A, 2019. First record of Empoasca kraemeri (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) attacking sweet potato in Brazil. Florida Entomologist. 102 (3), 627-629. DOI:10.1653/024.102.0340

Tairo F, Jones R A C, Valkonen J P T, 2006. Potyvirus complexes in sweetpotato: occurrence in Australia, serological and molecular resolution, and analysis of the Sweet potato virus 2 (SPV2) component. Plant Disease. 90 (9), 1120-1128. DOI:10.1094/PD-90-1120

Tairo F, Kullaya A, Valkonen J P T, 2004. Incidence of viruses infecting sweetpotato in Tanzania. Plant Disease. 88 (9), 916-920. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2004.88.9.916

Tajebe L S, Boni S B, Guastella D, Cavalieri V, Lund O S, Rugumamu C P, Rapisarda C, Legg J P, 2015. Abundance, diversity and geographic distribution of cassava mosaic disease pandemic-associated Bemisia tabaci in Tanzania. Journal of Applied Entomology. 139 (8), 627-637. DOI:10.1111/jen.12197

Trendo H P, Lozano G, Valverde R A, Navas-Castillo J, 2007. First report of Sweet potato virus G and sweet potato virus 2 infecting sweet potato in Spain. Plant Disease. 91 (12), 1687. HTTP://www.apsnet.org DOI:10.1094/PDIS-91-12-1687C

Tugume A K, Mukasa S B, Valkonen J P T, 2008. Natural wild hosts of Sweet potato feathery mottle virus show spatial differences in virus incidence and virus-like diseases in Uganda. Phytopathology. 98 (6), 640-652. DOI:10.1094/PHYTO-98-6-0640

Ueda S, Kitamura T, Kijima K, Honda K I, Kanmiya K, 2009. Distribution and molecular characterization of distinct Asian populations of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in Japan. Journal of Applied Entomology. 133 (5), 355-366. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0418.2008.01379.x

Valverde R A, Lozano G, Navas-Castillo J, Ramos A, Valdés F, 2004. First report of sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus and sweet potato feathery mottle virus infecting sweet potato in Spain. Plant Disease. 88 (4), 428. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2004.88.4.428B

Wang L Y, Cheng Y H, Wang N Y, Chen K C, Yeh S D, 2013. First report of Sweet potato virus G infecting sweet potato in Taiwan. Plant Disease. 97 (9), 1260. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-13-0111-PDN

Wang R Y, Gao B, Chen S L, Ma J, Li X H, Xue C X, 2017. First report of Rhizopus oryzae causing soft rot on storage roots of sweetpotato in China. Plant Disease. 101 (6), 1039-1040. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-16-1272-

Wang R Y, Gao B, Li X H, Ma J, Chen S L, 2014. First report of Fusarium solani causing fusarium root rot and stem canker on storage roots of sweet potato in China. Plant Disease. 98 (1), 160-161. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-06-13-0651-PDN

Wang Y J, Zhang D S, Zhang Z C, Wang S, Qiao Q, Qin Y H, Tian Y T, 2015. First report on Sweetpotato symptomless virus 1 (genus Mastrevirus, family Geminiviridae) in sweetpotato in China. Plant Disease. 99 (7), 1042. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-12-14-1358-PDN

Xu J, Qi X, Zheng X, Cui Y, Chang X, Gong G, 2016. First report of Corynespora leaf spot on sweet potato caused by Corynespora cassiicola in China. Plant Disease. 100 (11), 2163. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Yun W S, Lee Y H, Kim K H, 2002. First report of Sweet potato latent virus and Sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus isolated from sweet potato in Korea. Plant Pathology Journal. 18 (3), 126-129.

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