Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Hymenaea courbaril
(courbril locust)



Hymenaea courbaril (courbril locust)


  • Last modified
  • 03 January 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Hymenaea courbaril
  • Preferred Common Name
  • courbril locust
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Charcoal
  • Fruits
  • Fuelwood
  • Honey/honey flora

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Attached pod
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Hymenaea courbaril L.

Preferred Common Name

  • courbril locust


  • Hymenaea courbaril var. altissima (Ducke) Y. T. Lee & Langenheim
  • Hymenaea courbaril var. courbaril
  • Hymenaea courbaril var. longifolia (Benth.) Y. T. Lee & Andrade-Lima
  • Hymenaea courbaril var. stilbocarpa (Hayne) Y. T. Lee & Langenheim
  • Hymenaea courbaril var. subsessilis Ducke
  • Hymenaea courbaril var. villosa Y. T. Lee & Andrade-Lima

Other Scientific Names

  • Hymenaea altissima Ducke
  • Hymenaea candolliana Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth
  • Hymenaea confertiflora Hayne
  • Hymenaea courbaril var. obtusifolia Ducke
  • Hymenaea splendida Vog.
  • Hymenaea splendida var. longifolia Benth.
  • Hymenaea stilbocarpa Hayne
  • Isya megacarpa M. E. Jones

International Common Names

  • English: jatoba; locust-tree; stinktoe
  • Spanish: guapinol
  • French: bois de Courbaril; caroubier de Guyane

Local Common Names

  • Belize: locust
  • Brazil: abati; abati-copul-do-brasil; abati-tibaí; alagarobo; arvore-copal; arvore-copul; burandá; catá; cataqui-iamane; comer-de-arara; copal; copal-americano; copal-do-brasil; farinheira; iaatiba-iutaí; iataíba; ibiúva; imbiúva; iutaí; jaçaí; jataeiúva; jatahay; jataí; jataí-açu; jataí-amarelo; jataíba; jataíba-monde; jataíba-peba; jataibaúba; jataibaúva; jataicica; jataí-grande; jataí-mondé; jataipeba; jataí-pororoca; jataí-roxo; jataiúba; jataiúva; jataí-verdadeiro; jataí-vermelho; jataizinho; jataúba; jateí; jatel; jati; jatioba; jatobá; jatobá; jatobá amarelo; jatobá de caatinga; jatobá minim; jatobá miudo; jatobá sertao; jatobá-curuba; jatobá-da-catinga; jatobá-da-mata; jatobá-danta; jatobá-de-anta; jatobá-de-porca; jatobá-de-porco; jatobá-miúdo; jatobá-roxo; jatobá-trapuca; jatobá-verdadeiro; jatobázinho; jatubá; jetaí; jetaíba; jetaíbu; jetaici; jetaí-de-pernambuco; jetaipeba; jetaiúba; jetuipeba; jitaí; jupati; jupuati; jutaby; jutaí; jutaí-açu; jutaí-branco; jutaí-café; jutaí-catinga; jutaí-da-várzea; jutaí-do-campo; jutaí-do-igapó; jutaí-grande; jutaí-mirim; jutaípeba; jutaí-pororoca; jutaí-roxo; juteí; oleo-de-Jataí; oleo-jutaí; olho-de-boi; quebra-machado; taicí
  • Caribbean: courbaril plum; West Indian locust
  • Colombia: nazareno
  • Costa Rica: cuapinol; cuapinole; guapinol
  • Cuba: algarrobo; curbaril; quiebra-hacha
  • Ecuador: copal
  • El Salvador: algarrobo; copinol
  • French Polynesia: copalier
  • Germany: Heuschreckenbaum, Südamerikanischer
  • Guatemala: copinol; cuapinol; cuapinole; guapinol; hoja de cuchillo; pac; pacay; pacoj; palo colorado
  • Guyana: courbaril; West Indian locust
  • Honduras: copinol; courbaril; cuapinol; cuapinole; guapinol; palo colorado; pie de venado
  • Jamaica: stinking toe
  • Mexico: cuapinol; cuapinole; guapinol; nere
  • Panama: algarrobo
  • Peru: courbaril
  • Puerto Rico: algarrobo
  • Suriname: locul; loksi; rode locus
  • Trinidad and Tobago: stinking toe; West Indian locust
  • Venezuela: algarrobo; corobore

EPPO code

  • HMYCO (Hymenaea courbaril)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Fabales
  •                         Family: Fabaceae
  •                             Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
  •                                 Genus: Hymenaea
  •                                     Species: Hymenaea courbaril

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Coptotermes (termites)

Minor host of:

Erythrogloeum hymenaeae; Hypothenemus obscurus (tropical nut borer)

Host of (source - data mining):

Apomyelois decolor

Uses List

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  • Agroforestry


  • Charcoal
  • Fuelwood

Human food and beverage

  • Fruits
  • Honey/honey flora


  • Carved material
  • Gum/resin
  • Miscellaneous materials
  • Resins
  • Wood/timber

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore

Wood Products

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Railway sleepers


  • Building poles
  • Posts
  • Stakes

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Beams
  • Carpentry/joinery (exterior/interior)
  • Engineering structures
  • Exterior fittings
  • Flooring
  • For heavy construction
  • For light construction


  • Industrial and domestic woodware
  • Marquetry
  • Tool handles
  • Turnery
  • Wood carvings