Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Delia platura
(bean seed fly)



Delia platura (bean seed fly)


  • Last modified
  • 06 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Animal
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Delia platura
  • Preferred Common Name
  • bean seed fly
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Delia platura (Meigen)

Preferred Common Name

  • bean seed fly

Other Scientific Names

  • Anthomyia cana Macquart
  • Anthomyia corelia Walker
  • Anthomyia deceptiva (Fitch)
  • Anthomyia diversa Wiedemann
  • Anthomyia funesta Kuhn
  • Anthomyia lanicrus Thomson
  • Anthomyia perrima Walker
  • Anthomyia platura Meigen
  • Anthomyia platygaster Thomson
  • Anthomyia radicum var. calopteni Riley
  • Anthomyia raphani Harris
  • Anthomyia rubifrons Macquart
  • Anthomyia sergia Walker
  • Anthomyia tinia Walker
  • Anthomyia trifilis Giglio-Tos
  • Anthomyia tyana Walker
  • Anthomyia viana Walker
  • Anthomyia zeae Riley
  • Aricia fusciceps Zetterstedt
  • Chortophila cana (Macquart)
  • Chortophila cilicrura Rondani
  • Chortophila deceptiva (Fitch)
  • Chortophila prisca (Wulp)
  • Chortophila rubifrons Bigot
  • Chortophila spinipes Bigot
  • Chortophila trifilis (Giglio-Tos)
  • Delia cilicrura (Rondani)
  • Delia prisca (Wulp)
  • Dialyta cupreifrons (Walker)
  • Eriphia marginata Walker
  • Homalomyia rava Hutton
  • Hylemya cana (Macquart)
  • Hylemya cilicrura (Rondani)
  • Hylemya deceptiva Fitch
  • Hylemya fusciceps (Zetterstedt)
  • Hylemya platura (Meigen)
  • Hylemya prisca (Wulp)
  • Hylemya spinipes Bigot
  • Hylemya trifilis (Giglio-Tos)
  • Pegomyia fusciceps
  • Phorbia cilicrura (Rondani)
  • Phorbia fusciceps (Zetterstedt)
  • Phorbia novazealandica Hutton
  • Phorbia platura (Meigen)
  • Phorbia prisca Wulp
  • Phorbia spinipes (Bigot)

International Common Names

  • English: corn seed maggot; seed corn maggot; seed corn maggot; seed potato maggot
  • Spanish: gusano de la semilla de maíz; gusano de las semillas en germinación; mosca de la semilla; mosca de la semilla del frijol; mosca del frijol; mosca gris de los sembrados
  • French: mouche de la graine de l'haricot; mouche des légumineuses; mouche des semis; mouche grise des semis

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: boenneflue
  • Finland: tarhakaerpaenen
  • Germany: Fliege, Bohnen-; Fliege, Graue Wurzel-; Fliege, Kammschienenwurzel-; Fliege, Saaten-; Fliege, Schalotten-
  • Israel: zvuv hashokaim hasair
  • Italy: mosca dei fagioli
  • Japan: tanebae
  • Netherlands: Bonevlieg; Sjalottenvlieg
  • Norway: bonneflue
  • Sweden: borststjaertfluga

EPPO code

  • HYLEPL (Delia platura)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Diptera
  •                         Family: Anthomyiidae
  •                             Genus: Delia
  •                                 Species: Delia platura

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes


AzerbaijanPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
ChinaPresentEPPO, 2014
-HebeiPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
-HeilongjiangPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
-Hong KongPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
-JiangxiPresentEPPO, 2014
-JilinPresentEPPO, 2014
-LiaoningPresentEPPO, 2014
-Nei MengguPresentEPPO, 2014
-SichuanPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
-TibetPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
-XinjiangPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
-ZhejiangPresentEPPO, 2014
Georgia (Republic of)PresentEPPO, 2014
IndiaRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
-Himachal PradeshPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
-Indian PunjabPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
-Madhya PradeshPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
-Tamil NaduPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
-Uttar PradeshPresentChaudhary et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014
-West BengalPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
IranPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
IraqPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
IsraelPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
JapanPresentEPPO, 2014
-HokkaidoPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
-HonshuPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
-KyushuPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
-ShikokuPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
KazakhstanPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
Korea, DPRPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
Korea, Republic ofPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
LebanonPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
NepalPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
PakistanPresentAckland and Pont, 1977; EPPO, 2014
Saudi ArabiaPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
Sri LankaPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
SyriaPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
TaiwanPresentAckland and Pont, 1977; EPPO, 2014
TurkeyPresentKismir, 1992; EPPO, 2014
UzbekistanPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
YemenPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014


AlgeriaPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
EgyptPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
EthiopiaPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
KenyaPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
LibyaPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
MadagascarPresentEPPO, 2014
MoroccoPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
RwandaPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
Saint HelenaPresentPont and Ackland, 1980; EPPO, 2014
South AfricaPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
-Canary IslandsPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
SudanPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
TanzaniaPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
TunisiaPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
UgandaPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
ZimbabwePresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014

North America

BermudaPresentGriffiths, 1993; EPPO, 2014
CanadaWidespreadEPPO, 2014
-AlbertaPresentGriffiths, 1993; EPPO, 2014
-British ColumbiaPresentGriffiths, 1993; EPPO, 2014
-ManitobaPresentGriffiths, 1993; EPPO, 2014
-New BrunswickPresentGriffiths, 1993; EPPO, 2014
-Newfoundland and LabradorPresentGriffiths, 1993; EPPO, 2014
-Northwest TerritoriesPresentGriffiths, 1993; EPPO, 2014
-Nova ScotiaPresentGriffiths, 1993; EPPO, 2014
-OntarioPresentGriffiths, 1993; EPPO, 2014
-Prince Edward IslandPresentGriffiths, 1993; EPPO, 2014
-QuebecPresentGriffiths, 1993; EPPO, 2014
-SaskatchewanPresentGriffiths, 1993; EPPO, 2014
-Yukon TerritoryPresentGriffiths, 1993; EPPO, 2014
GreenlandPresentGriffiths, 1993; EPPO, 2014
MexicoPresentGriffiths, 1993; EPPO, 2014
USAPresentEPPO, 2014
-AlaskaPresentGriffiths, 1993; EPPO, 2014
-ArizonaPresentGriffiths, 1993; EPPO, 2014
-CaliforniaPresentGriffiths, 1993; EPPO, 2014
-ColoradoPresentGriffiths, 1993; EPPO, 2014
-DelawarePresentGriffiths, 1993
-FloridaPresentGriffiths, 1993; EPPO, 2014
-GeorgiaPresentGriffiths, 1993
-HawaiiPresentGriffiths, 1993; EPPO, 2014
-IdahoPresentGriffiths, 1993; EPPO, 2014
-IllinoisPresentGriffiths, 1993
-IndianaPresentGriffiths, 1993
-IowaPresentGriffiths, 1993
-KansasPresentGriffiths, 1993
-KentuckyPresentGriffiths, 1993
-LouisianaPresentGriffiths, 1993
-MainePresentGriffiths, 1993
-MarylandPresentGriffiths, 1993
-MassachusettsPresentGriffiths, 1993
-MichiganPresentGriffiths, 1993
-MinnesotaPresentGriffiths, 1993; EPPO, 2014
-MississippiPresentGriffiths, 1993
-MissouriPresentGriffiths, 1993; EPPO, 2014
-MontanaPresentGriffiths, 1993
-NebraskaPresentGriffiths, 1993
-NevadaPresentGriffiths, 1993
-New HampshirePresentGriffiths, 1993
-New JerseyPresentGriffiths, 1993
-New MexicoPresentGriffiths, 1993
-New YorkPresentGriffiths, 1993
-North CarolinaPresentGriffiths, 1993
-North DakotaPresentGriffiths, 1993
-OhioPresentGriffiths, 1993
-OklahomaPresentGriffiths, 1993
-OregonPresentGriffiths, 1993
-PennsylvaniaPresentGriffiths, 1993
-Rhode IslandPresentGriffiths, 1993
-South CarolinaPresentGriffiths, 1993
-South DakotaPresentGriffiths, 1993
-TennesseePresentGriffiths, 1993
-TexasPresentGriffiths, 1993
-UtahPresentGriffiths, 1993
-VermontPresentGriffiths, 1993
-VirginiaPresentGriffiths, 1993
-WashingtonPresentGriffiths, 1993; EPPO, 2014
-West VirginiaPresentGriffiths, 1993
-WisconsinPresentGriffiths, 1993
-WyomingPresentGriffiths, 1993

Central America and Caribbean

Costa RicaPresent

South America

ArgentinaPresentPont, 1974; EPPO, 2014
BoliviaPresentPont, 1974; EPPO, 2014
BrazilRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
-Minas GeraisPresentCiociola et al., 2002
-ParanaPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
-Rio Grande do SulPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
ChilePresentPont, 1974; EPPO, 2014
ColombiaPresentPont, 1974; EPPO, 2014
EcuadorPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
PeruPresentPont, 1974; EPPO, 2014
UruguayPresentPont, 1974; EPPO, 2014
VenezuelaPresentPont, 1974; EPPO, 2014


AlbaniaPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
AustriaPresentIdinger, 1995; EPPO, 2014
BelarusPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
BelgiumPresentSteene and Vulsteke, 1995; EPPO, 2014
BulgariaPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
CroatiaPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
CyprusWidespreadEPPO, 2014
Czech RepublicPresentEPPO, 2014
Czechoslovakia (former)PresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
DenmarkPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
Faroe IslandsPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
FinlandRestricted distributionCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
FrancePresentEPPO, 2014
-CorsicaPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
GermanyPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
GreecePresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
-CretePresentEPPO, 2014
HungaryPresentDarvas and Kozma, 1982; EPPO, 2014
IcelandPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
ItalyPresentParisi & Ranalli, 1977; EPPO, 2014
-SicilyPresentEPPO, 2014
NetherlandsPresentNeuvel and Versluis, 1996; EPPO, 2014
NorwayPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
PolandPresentSzwejda, 1988; EPPO, 2014
PortugalPresentEPPO, 2014
-AzoresPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
-MadeiraPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
RomaniaPresentTrotus et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014
Russian FederationWidespreadEPPO, 2014
-Central RussiaPresentCIE, 1985
-Eastern SiberiaPresentEPPO, 2014
-Russia (Europe)PresentEPPO, 2014
-Russian Far EastPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
-SiberiaPresentCIE, 1985
-Western SiberiaPresentEPPO, 2014
SerbiaPresentEPPO, 2014
SlovakiaPresentSlovak et al., 1995
SloveniaPresentPajmon, 1997
SpainPresentEPPO, 2014
-Balearic IslandsPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
SwedenPresentJonasson, 1994
SwitzerlandPresentEPPO, 2014
UKPresentEPPO, 2014
-Channel IslandsPresentEPPO, 2014
-England and WalesPresentEPPO, 2014
-ScotlandPresentEPPO, 2014
UkrainePresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014


AustraliaPresentEPPO, 2014
-New South WalesPresentHamilton and Toffolon, 1986; EPPO, 2014
-South AustraliaPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
-TasmaniaPresentCIE, 1985; EPPO, 2014
-Western AustraliaPresentBournoville and Cantot, 1986; EPPO, 2014
New ZealandPresentPont, 1989; EPPO, 2014

Growth Stages

Top of page Pre-emergence, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / internal feeding
Seeds / internal feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Aleochara bilineata Predator Pupae
Aleochara bipustulata Predator/parasite Pupae
Aleochara suffusa Predator
Aleochara verna Predator
Aphaereta Predator/parasite
Conidiobolus thromboides Pathogen
Crematogaster laeviuscula Predator
Entomophthora muscae Pathogen
Eucoila tanebae Parasite
Eucoila tanebae Predator/parasite Larvae
Paratrechina melanderi Predator
Phygadeuon detestor Predator/parasite Larvae
Phygadeuon trichops Predator/parasite Larvae
Trybliographa rapae Predator/parasite Larvae

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Growing medium accompanying plants eggs; pupae Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Roots larvae Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
True seeds (inc. grain) larvae Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Fruits (inc. pods)
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches


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Ackland DM, Pont AC, 1977. Family Anthomyiidae, In: Delfinado MD, Hardy DE, eds, A Catalog of the Diptera of the Oriental Region. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii, 3:439-446.

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Bourillet D, 1987. At sowing, protect French beans against the fly. UNILEC Informations, 55:26-27.

Bournoville R, 1990. The pests of white lupin. Phytoma, 417:33-35.

Bournoville R, Cantot P, 1986. The seedcorn maggot, a pest of winter white lupin. Proceedings of the Fourth International Lupin Conference. Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture, 323.

Broatch JS, Vernon RS, 1997. Comparison of water pan traps and sticky traps for monitoring Delia spp. (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) in canola. Canadian Entomologist, 129(5):979-984; 12 ref.

Chaudhary RN, Kanaujia KR, Sharma VK, 1987. A note on the incidence of seed corn maggot, Delia platura Meigen (Anthomyiidae: Diptera) in spring sown maize. Bulletin of Entomology (New Delhi), 28(2):159-161.

CIE, 1985. Delia platura (Meigen) [Diptera: Anthomyiidae] bean seed fly, seed corn maggot. Distribution Maps of Pests, series A (Agricultural), Map No. 141 (revised). Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Ciociola Jr AI, França FH, Ciociola AI, 2002. Pests associated with onion crops and their control. (Pragas associadas à cultura da cebola e seu controle.) Informe Agropecuario, 23(218):68-74. [Cultura da cebola.]

Cogan BH, 1976. "Kloet & Hincks", A check list of British Insects. Second edition (completely revised). 5. Diptera and Siphonaptera. Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects, 11(5):1-139.

Daiber KC, 1994. Injurious insects on asparagus in southern Africa. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz, 101(2):215-221.

Darvas B, Kozma E, 1982. Biology, morphology and parasites of Delia platura Meigen (Diptera: Anthomyidae). Novenyvedelem, 18(4):145-156.

Emmett BJ, 1982. Bean seed flies. MAFF Leaflet No. 760. UK: Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.

Ferguson AW, 1994. Pests and plant injury on lupins in the south of England. Crop Protection, 13(3):201-210.

Ferrar P, 1987. A guide to the breeding habits and immature stages of Diptera Cyclorrhapha (Part 1: text; Part 2: figures). Leiden, Netherlands: E.J. Brill/Scandinavian Science Press, 8(1):1-478, 8(2):479-907.

Finch S, 1992. Improving the selectivity of water traps for monitoring populations of the cabbage root fly. Annals of Applied Biology, 120(1):1-7.

Finch S, Collier RH, 1989. Effects of the angle of inclination of traps on the numbers of large Diptera caught on sticky boards in certain vegetable crops. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 52(1):23-27.

Freuler J, 1975. The quantitative determination of the population dynamics of different species of Hylemya, especially Hylemya brassicae Bouche (Diptera: Anthomyiidae), during the whole year. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft, 48(3/4):341-355.

Griffiths GCD, 1984. Cyclorrhapha II (Schizophora: Calyptratp). Part 2, Anthomyiidae. In: Griffiths GCD, ed. Flies of the Nearctic Region Volume VIII. Stuttgart, Germany: Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 8(2/3):289-408.

Griffiths GCD, 1993. Cyclorrhapha II (Schizophora: Calyptratae). Part 2, Anthomyiidae. In: Griffiths, GCD, ed. Flies of the Nearctic Region. Stuttgart, Germany: Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 8(2/10):1417-1632.

Grill D, 1988. Vegetable crops. Nantes: rearing and monitoring flight periods of fly pests in view of adapted control. Phytoma, No. 398:44-46.

Hamilton JT, Toffolon RB, 1986. Seedling maggots. Agfacts, No. 44.

Hammond RB, 1991. Seedcorn maggot (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) populations on Ohio soybean. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 64(2):216-220.

Hammond RB, 1995. Timing of plowing and planting: effects on seedcorn maggot populations in soybean. Crop Protection, 14(6):471-477

Hammond RB, 1997. Long-term conservation tillage studies: impact of no-till on seedcorn maggot (Diptera: Anthomyiidae). Crop Protection, 16(3):221-225; 27 ref.

Hammond RB, Cooper RL, 1993. Interaction of planting times following the incorporation of a living, green cover crop and control measures on seedcorn maggot populations in soybean. Crop Protection, 12(7):539-543.

Hassan SA, 1974. Contributions on the ecology and economic importance of Delia (Hylemya) platura Meigen (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) on asparagus in North Baden. Nachrichtenblatt des Deutschen Pflanzenschutzdienstes, 26(6):81-84.

Hayakawa H, Tsutsui H, Goto C, 1986. Studies on the biology and control of the seed-corn maggot [Delia platura]. 3. Overwintering of the seed-corn maggot in the Tokachi District, Hokkaido. Annual Report of the Society of Plant Protection of North Japan, 37:155-157.

Hennig W, 1974. 63a. Anthomyiidae. In: Lindner E, ed. Die Fliegen der Palaearktischen Region. Stuttgart, Germany: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 7(1):687-927.

Hill DS, 1987. Agricultural insect pests of temperate regions and their control. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Huckett HC, 1987. 104. Anthomyiidae. In: McAlpine JF, ed. Manual of Nearctic Diptera-2. Monograph of the Biosystematic Research Centre. Ottawa, Canada: Agriculture Canada, 28:1099-1114.

Idinger J, 1995. Schlupftrichterfange von Dipteren und parasitoiden Hymenopteren in unterschiedlich gedungten Getreidefeldern. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Allgemeine und Angewandte Entomologie, 10:553-556.

Jonasson T, 1994. Parasitoids of Delia root flies in brassica vegetable crops: coexistence and niche separation in two Aleochara species (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Norwegian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 16 (suppl.):379-386.

Kismir A, 1992. Studies on determination of harmful and beneficial fauna associated with rape (Brassica napus var. oleifera D.G.) fields in the Mediterranean region. Proceedings of the Second Turkish National Congress of Entomology. Izmir, Turkey: Ege Universitesi, 693-704.

Klimaszewski J, Blume RR, 1986. New host records for Aleochara verna Say and Aleochara notula Erichson (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae, Aleocharinp). Coleopterists' Bulletin, 40(1):32.

Kurahashi H, 1991. The calyptrate muscoid flies collected on weather ships located at the ocean weather stations. Japanese Journal of Sanitary Zoology, 42(1):53-55.

Larrain SP, 1994. Fluctuacion poblacional y dano de Delia antiqua (Meigen) y Delia platura (Meigen) (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) en almacigos de ceballas (Allium cepa L.) de la zona centro-norte de Chile. Agricultura Tecnica Santiago, 54:60-64.

Matanmi BA, Libby JL, 1975. The life stages of Entomophthora virulenta (Entomophthorales: Entomophthoraceae). Mycopathologia, 56(2):125-127.

Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganadería Servicio Fitosanitario del Estado (Costa Rica), 2009. Listado de Plagas (insectos y ácaros) en cultivos de importancia económica en Costa Rica (C).

Nair KSS, McEwen FL, 1975. Ecology of the cabbage maggot, Hylemya brassicae (Diptera: Anthomyiidae), in rutabaga in southwestern Ontario, with some observations on other root maggots. Canadian Entomologist, 107(4):343-354.

Neuvel JJ, Versluis HP, 1996. Chemical control of the larvae of the seed corn maggot on snap beans by means of seed treatments and cultivar susceptibility. Publicatie - Proefstation voor de Akkerbouw en de Groenteteelt in de Vollegrond, Lelystad, No. 81B:26-30; 3 ref.

Pajmon A, 1997. Maize pests. Sodobno Kmetijstvo, 30(4):163-166.

Parisi B, Ranalli P, 1997. I principali fitofagi del fagiolino da industria. Informatore Agrario, 53:52-53.

Pont AC, 1974. Family Anthomyiidae. In: Vanzolini EP, PapaveroN, eds. A catalogue of the Diptera of the Americas south of the United States 96a. Sao Paulo, Brazil: Museu de Zoologia, Universidade de Sao Paulo.

Pont AC, 1989. Family Anthomyiidae. In: Evenhuis NL, ed. Catalog of the Diptera of the Australasian and Oceanian Regions. Honolulu, USA: Bishop Museum Press, 673-674.

Pont AC, Ackland DM, 1980. Family Anthomyiidae. In: Crosskey RW, ed. Catalogue of the Diptera of the Afrotropical Region. London, UK: British Museum (Natural History), 715-718.

Saito O, 1994. Difference of seasonal prevalence of the seedcorn fly, Delia platura (Diptera: Anthomyiidae), between surveys using a kairomone trap and a fish meal trap in Sapporo, Hokkaido. Annual Report of the Society of Plant Protection of North Japan, 45:147-149.

Sanchez-Herrera JF, 1985. Note on a severe attack by the fly Phorbia platura (Meigen) in a maize crop. Boletin del Servicio de Defensa contra Plagas e Inspeccion Fitopatologica, 11(1):25-29.

Slovak M, Kucerova L, Vallo V, 1995. Flight activity of two species of the Delia genus (Diptera, Anthomyiidae) in southwestern Slovakia. Biologia (Bratislava), 50(2):177-184.

Smith KGV, 1989. An introduction to the immature stages of British flies: Diptera larvae, with notes on eggs, puparia and pupae. Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects. London, UK: Royal Entomological Society, 10(14):1-280.

Steene F van de, Vulsteke G, 1995. Biologische waarnemingen omtrent de bonevlieg, Delia platura (Meig.) in West-Vlaanderen gedurende 1988-1993. Parasitica, 51:123-129.

Suh SJ, Kwon YJ, 1990. Morphometric multivariate classification of Delia antiqua and D. platura from Korea (Diptera: Anthomyiidae). Insecta Koreana, 7:1-37.

Szwejda J, 1988. Diptera of garlic and ecological observations on dominant species - Suillia lurida Meig. (Dipt., Helomyzidae). Acta Horticulturae, 219:99-108.

Tai HK, Hyung CC, 1989. Delia platura (Meigen); bionomics and its resistance to host plants. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology, 28(1):16-22.

Trorus E, Ghizdavu I, 1996. Cercetari privind evolutia speciei Delia plaura Meig. (Diptera -Anthomyidae), in conditiile din silvostepa moldovei. Probleme de Protectia Plantelor, 24:13-17.

Trotus E, Ghizdavu I, Malschi D, 1996. Structura speciilor de muste din genul Delia, daunatoare culturilor de fasole. Probleme de Protectia Plantelor, 24:35-39.

Tsutsumi M, Mitsui Y, 1987. Seasonal prevalence of occurrence of onion and seed-corn flies, Hylemya antiqua and H. platura (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) by using the attractant mixture of 2-phenylethanol and n-valeric acid. Annual Report of the Society of Plant Protection of North Japan, 38:143-145.

Tu CM, 1990. In vitro isolation of Entomophthora muscp (Entomophthorales: Entomophthoraceae) from infected seed corn maggot Delia platura (Diptera: Anthomyiidae). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 55(2):289-290.

Vernon RS, Broatch JS, 1996. Responsiveness of Delia spp. (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) to colored sticky traps in flowering and rosette stage canola. Canadian Entomologist, 128(6):1077-1085; 23 ref.

Wan SY, Wan M, 1981. Preliminary observations on and control of Hylemya platura (Meigen) in cotton fields in northern Jiangxi. Insect Knowledge (Kunchong Zhishi), 18(3):107-110.

Distribution Maps

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