Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Delia platura
(bean seed fly)

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Datasheet

Delia platura (bean seed fly)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 03 December 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Animal
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Delia platura
  • Preferred Common Name
  • bean seed fly
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Delia platura (Meigen)

Preferred Common Name

  • bean seed fly

Other Scientific Names

  • Anthomyia cana Macquart
  • Anthomyia corelia Walker
  • Anthomyia deceptiva (Fitch)
  • Anthomyia diversa Wiedemann
  • Anthomyia funesta Kuhn
  • Anthomyia lanicrus Thomson
  • Anthomyia perrima Walker
  • Anthomyia platura Meigen
  • Anthomyia platygaster Thomson
  • Anthomyia radicum var. calopteni Riley
  • Anthomyia raphani Harris
  • Anthomyia rubifrons Macquart
  • Anthomyia sergia Walker
  • Anthomyia tinia Walker
  • Anthomyia trifilis Giglio-Tos
  • Anthomyia tyana Walker
  • Anthomyia viana Walker
  • Anthomyia zeae Riley
  • Aricia fusciceps Zetterstedt
  • Chortophila cana (Macquart)
  • Chortophila cilicrura Rondani
  • Chortophila deceptiva (Fitch)
  • Chortophila prisca (Wulp)
  • Chortophila rubifrons Bigot
  • Chortophila spinipes Bigot
  • Chortophila trifilis (Giglio-Tos)
  • Delia cilicrura (Rondani)
  • Delia prisca (Wulp)
  • Dialyta cupreifrons (Walker)
  • Eriphia marginata Walker
  • Homalomyia rava Hutton
  • Hylemya cana (Macquart)
  • Hylemya cilicrura (Rondani)
  • Hylemya deceptiva Fitch
  • Hylemya fusciceps (Zetterstedt)
  • Hylemya platura (Meigen)
  • Hylemya prisca (Wulp)
  • Hylemya spinipes Bigot
  • Hylemya trifilis (Giglio-Tos)
  • Pegomyia fusciceps
  • Phorbia cilicrura (Rondani)
  • Phorbia fusciceps (Zetterstedt)
  • Phorbia novazealandica Hutton
  • Phorbia platura (Meigen)
  • Phorbia prisca Wulp
  • Phorbia spinipes (Bigot)

International Common Names

  • English: corn seed maggot; seed corn maggot; seed corn maggot; seed potato maggot
  • Spanish: gusano de la semilla de maíz; gusano de las semillas en germinación; mosca de la semilla; mosca de la semilla del frijol; mosca del frijol; mosca gris de los sembrados
  • French: mouche de la graine de l'haricot; mouche des légumineuses; mouche des semis; mouche grise des semis

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: boenneflue
  • Finland: tarhakaerpaenen
  • Germany: Fliege, Bohnen-; Fliege, Graue Wurzel-; Fliege, Kammschienenwurzel-; Fliege, Saaten-; Fliege, Schalotten-
  • Israel: zvuv hashokaim hasair
  • Italy: mosca dei fagioli
  • Japan: tanebae
  • Netherlands: Bonevlieg; Sjalottenvlieg
  • Norway: bonneflue
  • Sweden: borststjaertfluga

EPPO code

  • HYLEPL (Delia platura)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Diptera
  •                         Family: Anthomyiidae
  •                             Genus: Delia
  •                                 Species: Delia platura

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Apr 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
EgyptPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
EthiopiaPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
KenyaPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
LibyaPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
MadagascarPresentEPPO (2020)
MoroccoPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
RwandaPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
Saint HelenaPresentPont and Ackland (1980); EPPO (2020)
South AfricaPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
SudanPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
TanzaniaPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
TunisiaPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
UgandaPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
ZimbabwePresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)

Asia

AzerbaijanPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
ChinaPresentEPPO (2020)
-HebeiPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
-HeilongjiangPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
-Inner MongoliaPresentEPPO (2020)
-JiangxiPresentEPPO (2020)
-JilinPresentEPPO (2020)
-LiaoningPresentEPPO (2020)
-SichuanPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
-TibetPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
-XinjiangPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
-ZhejiangPresentEPPO (2020)
GeorgiaPresentEPPO (2020)
Hong KongPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
IndiaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-Himachal PradeshPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
-Madhya PradeshPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
-PunjabPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
-Tamil NaduPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
-Uttar PradeshPresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-West BengalPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
IranPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
IraqPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
IsraelPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
JapanPresentEPPO (2020)
-HokkaidoPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
-HonshuPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
-KyushuPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
-ShikokuPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
KazakhstanPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
LebanonPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
NepalPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
North KoreaPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
PakistanPresentAckland and Pont (1977); EPPO (2020)
Saudi ArabiaPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
South KoreaPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
Sri LankaPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
SyriaPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
TaiwanPresentAckland and Pont (1977); EPPO (2020)
TurkeyPresentKișmir (1992); EPPO (2020)
UzbekistanPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
YemenPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)

Europe

AlbaniaPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
AustriaPresentIdinger (1995); EPPO (2020)
BelarusPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
BelgiumPresentSteene and Vulsteke (1995); EPPO (2020)
BulgariaPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
CroatiaPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
CyprusPresent, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
CzechiaPresentEPPO (2020)
CzechoslovakiaPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2014)
DenmarkPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
Faroe IslandsPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
FinlandPresent, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
FrancePresentEPPO (2020)
-CorsicaPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
GermanyPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
GreecePresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
-CretePresentEPPO (2020)
HungaryPresentDarvas and Kozma (1982); EPPO (2020)
IcelandPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
ItalyPresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-SicilyPresentEPPO (2020)
NetherlandsPresentNeuvel and Versluis (1996); EPPO (2020)
NorwayPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
PolandPresentSzwejda (1988); EPPO (2020)
PortugalPresentEPPO (2020)
-AzoresPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
-MadeiraPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
RomaniaPresentTrotuș et al. (1996); EPPO (2020)
RussiaPresent, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
-Central RussiaPresentUK, CAB International (1985)
-Eastern SiberiaPresentEPPO (2020)
-Russia (Europe)PresentEPPO (2020)
-Russian Far EastPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
-SiberiaPresentUK, CAB International (1985)
-Western SiberiaPresentEPPO (2020)
SerbiaPresentEPPO (2020)
Serbia and MontenegroPresentEPPO (2020)
SlovakiaPresentSlovák et al. (1995)
SloveniaPresentPajmon (1997)
SpainPresentEPPO (2020)
-Balearic IslandsPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
-Canary IslandsPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
SwedenPresentJonasson (1994)
SwitzerlandPresentEPPO (2020)
UkrainePresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
United KingdomPresentEPPO (2020)
-Channel IslandsPresentEPPO (2020)
-EnglandPresentEPPO (2020)
-ScotlandPresentEPPO (2020)

North America

BermudaPresentGriffiths (1993); EPPO (2020)
CanadaPresent, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
-AlbertaPresentGriffiths (1993); EPPO (2020)
-British ColumbiaPresentGriffiths (1993); EPPO (2020)
-ManitobaPresentGriffiths (1993); EPPO (2020)
-New BrunswickPresentGriffiths (1993); EPPO (2020)
-Newfoundland and LabradorPresentGriffiths (1993); EPPO (2020)
-Northwest TerritoriesPresentGriffiths (1993); EPPO (2020)
-Nova ScotiaPresentGriffiths (1993); EPPO (2020)
-OntarioPresentGriffiths (1993); EPPO (2020)
-Prince Edward IslandPresentGriffiths (1993); EPPO (2020)
-QuebecPresentGriffiths (1993); EPPO (2020)
-SaskatchewanPresentGriffiths (1993); EPPO (2020)
-YukonPresentGriffiths (1993); EPPO (2020)
Costa RicaPresentCABI (Undated a)
GreenlandPresentGriffiths (1993); EPPO (2020)
MexicoPresentGriffiths (1993); EPPO (2020)
United StatesPresentEPPO (2020)
-AlaskaPresentGriffiths (1993); EPPO (2020)
-ArizonaPresentGriffiths (1993); EPPO (2020)
-CaliforniaPresentGriffiths (1993); EPPO (2020)
-ColoradoPresentGriffiths (1993); EPPO (2020)
-DelawarePresentGriffiths (1993)
-FloridaPresentGriffiths (1993); EPPO (2020)
-GeorgiaPresentGriffiths (1993)
-HawaiiPresentGriffiths (1993); EPPO (2020)
-IdahoPresentGriffiths (1993); EPPO (2020)
-IllinoisPresentGriffiths (1993)
-IndianaPresentGriffiths (1993)
-IowaPresentGriffiths (1993); EPPO (2020)
-KansasPresentGriffiths (1993)
-KentuckyPresentGriffiths (1993)
-LouisianaPresentGriffiths (1993)
-MainePresentGriffiths (1993)
-MarylandPresentGriffiths (1993)
-MassachusettsPresentGriffiths (1993)
-MichiganPresentGriffiths (1993)
-MinnesotaPresentGriffiths (1993); EPPO (2020)
-MississippiPresentGriffiths (1993)
-MissouriPresentGriffiths (1993); EPPO (2020)
-MontanaPresentGriffiths (1993)
-NebraskaPresentGriffiths (1993)
-NevadaPresentGriffiths (1993)
-New HampshirePresentGriffiths (1993)
-New JerseyPresentGriffiths (1993)
-New MexicoPresentGriffiths (1993)
-New YorkPresentGriffiths (1993)
-North CarolinaPresentGriffiths (1993)
-North DakotaPresentGriffiths (1993)
-OhioPresentGriffiths (1993)
-OklahomaPresentGriffiths (1993)
-OregonPresentGriffiths (1993)
-PennsylvaniaPresentGriffiths (1993)
-Rhode IslandPresentGriffiths (1993)
-South CarolinaPresentGriffiths (1993)
-South DakotaPresentGriffiths (1993)
-TennesseePresentGriffiths (1993)
-TexasPresentGriffiths (1993)
-UtahPresentGriffiths (1993)
-VermontPresentGriffiths (1993)
-VirginiaPresentGriffiths (1993)
-WashingtonPresentGriffiths (1993); EPPO (2020)
-West VirginiaPresentGriffiths (1993)
-WisconsinPresentGriffiths (1993)
-WyomingPresentGriffiths (1993)

Oceania

AustraliaPresentEPPO (2020)
-New South WalesPresentHamilton and Toffolon (1986); EPPO (2020)
-South AustraliaPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
-TasmaniaPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
-Western AustraliaPresentBournoville and Cantot (1986); EPPO (2020)
New ZealandPresentPont (1989); EPPO (2020)

South America

ArgentinaPresentPont (1974); EPPO (2020)
BoliviaPresentPont (1974); EPPO (2020)
BrazilPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-Minas GeraisPresentCiociola Jr. et al. (2002)
-ParanaPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
-Rio Grande do SulPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
ChilePresentPont (1974); EPPO (2020)
ColombiaPresentPont (1974); EPPO (2020)
EcuadorPresentUK, CAB International (1985); EPPO (2020)
PeruPresentPont (1974); EPPO (2020)
UruguayPresentPont (1974); EPPO (2020)
VenezuelaPresentPont (1974); EPPO (2020)

Growth Stages

Top of page Pre-emergence, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Leaves / internal feeding
Seeds / internal feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Aleochara bilineata Predator Pupae
Aleochara bipustulata Predator/parasite Pupae
Aleochara suffusa Predator
Aleochara verna Predator
Aphaereta Predator/parasite
Conidiobolus thromboides Pathogen
Crematogaster laeviuscula Predator
Entomophthora muscae Pathogen
Eucoila tanebae Parasite
Eucoila tanebae Predator/parasite Larvae
Paratrechina melanderi Predator
Phygadeuon detestor Predator/parasite Larvae
Phygadeuon trichops Predator/parasite Larvae
Trybliographa rapae Predator/parasite Larvae

Pathway Vectors

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VectorNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Soil, sand and gravelInfected growing medium and seedlings and rotting plant material. Yes

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Growing medium accompanying plants eggs; pupae Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Roots larvae Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
True seeds (inc. grain) larvae Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Leaves
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
Wood

References

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Ackland DM, Pont AC, 1977. Family Anthomyiidae, In: Delfinado MD, Hardy DE, eds, A Catalog of the Diptera of the Oriental Region. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii, 3:439-446

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA)

Bourillet D, 1987. At sowing, protect French beans against the fly. UNILEC Informations, 55:26-27

Bournoville R, 1990. The pests of white lupin. Phytoma, 417:33-35

Bournoville R, Cantot P, 1986. The seedcorn maggot, a pest of winter white lupin. Proceedings of the Fourth International Lupin Conference. Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture, 323

Broatch JS, Vernon RS, 1997. Comparison of water pan traps and sticky traps for monitoring Delia spp. (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) in canola. Canadian Entomologist, 129(5):979-984; 12 ref

Chaudhary RN, Kanaujia KR, Sharma VK, 1987. A note on the incidence of seed corn maggot, Delia platura Meigen (Anthomyiidae: Diptera) in spring sown maize. Bulletin of Entomology (New Delhi), 28(2):159-161

CIE, 1985. Delia platura (Meigen) [Diptera: Anthomyiidae] bean seed fly, seed corn maggot. Distribution Maps of Pests, series A (Agricultural), Map No. 141 (revised). Wallingford, UK: CAB International

Ciociola Jr AI, França FH, Ciociola AI, 2002. Pests associated with onion crops and their control. (Pragas associadas à cultura da cebola e seu controle.) Informe Agropecuario, 23(218):68-74. [Cultura da cebola.]

Cogan BH, 1976. "Kloet & Hincks", A check list of British Insects. Second edition (completely revised). 5. Diptera and Siphonaptera. Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects, 11(5):1-139

Daiber KC, 1994. Injurious insects on asparagus in southern Africa. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz, 101(2):215-221

Darvas B, Kozma E, 1982. Biology, morphology and parasites of Delia platura Meigen (Diptera: Anthomyidae). Novenyvedelem, 18(4):145-156

Emmett BJ, 1982. Bean seed flies. MAFF Leaflet No. 760. UK: Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Ferguson AW, 1994. Pests and plant injury on lupins in the south of England. Crop Protection, 13(3):201-210

Ferrar P, 1987. A guide to the breeding habits and immature stages of Diptera Cyclorrhapha (Part 1: text; Part 2: figures). Leiden, Netherlands: E.J. Brill/Scandinavian Science Press, 8(1):1-478, 8(2):479-907

Finch S, 1992. Improving the selectivity of water traps for monitoring populations of the cabbage root fly. Annals of Applied Biology, 120(1):1-7

Finch S, Collier RH, 1989. Effects of the angle of inclination of traps on the numbers of large Diptera caught on sticky boards in certain vegetable crops. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 52(1):23-27

Freuler J, 1975. The quantitative determination of the population dynamics of different species of Hylemya, especially Hylemya brassicae Bouche (Diptera: Anthomyiidae), during the whole year. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft, 48(3/4):341-355

Griffiths GCD, 1984. Cyclorrhapha II (Schizophora: Calyptratp). Part 2, Anthomyiidae. In: Griffiths GCD, ed. Flies of the Nearctic Region Volume VIII. Stuttgart, Germany: Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 8(2/3):289-408

Griffiths GCD, 1993. Cyclorrhapha II (Schizophora: Calyptratae). Part 2, Anthomyiidae. In: Griffiths, GCD, ed. Flies of the Nearctic Region. Stuttgart, Germany: Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 8(2/10):1417-1632

Grill D, 1988. Vegetable crops. Nantes: rearing and monitoring flight periods of fly pests in view of adapted control. Phytoma, No. 398:44-46

Hamilton JT, Toffolon RB, 1986. Seedling maggots. Agfacts, No. 44

Hammond RB, 1991. Seedcorn maggot (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) populations on Ohio soybean. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 64(2):216-220

Hammond RB, 1995. Timing of plowing and planting: effects on seedcorn maggot populations in soybean. Crop Protection, 14(6):471-477

Hammond RB, 1997. Long-term conservation tillage studies: impact of no-till on seedcorn maggot (Diptera: Anthomyiidae). Crop Protection, 16(3):221-225; 27 ref

Hammond RB, Cooper RL, 1993. Interaction of planting times following the incorporation of a living, green cover crop and control measures on seedcorn maggot populations in soybean. Crop Protection, 12(7):539-543

Hassan SA, 1974. Contributions on the ecology and economic importance of Delia (Hylemya) platura Meigen (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) on asparagus in North Baden. Nachrichtenblatt des Deutschen Pflanzenschutzdienstes, 26(6):81-84

Hayakawa H, Tsutsui H, Goto C, 1986. Studies on the biology and control of the seed-corn maggot [Delia platura]. 3. Overwintering of the seed-corn maggot in the Tokachi District, Hokkaido. Annual Report of the Society of Plant Protection of North Japan, 37:155-157

Hennig W, 1974. 63a. Anthomyiidae. In: Lindner E, ed. Die Fliegen der Palaearktischen Region. Stuttgart, Germany: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 7(1):687-927

Hill DS, 1987. Agricultural insect pests of temperate regions and their control. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press

Huckett HC, 1987. 104. Anthomyiidae. In: McAlpine JF, ed. Manual of Nearctic Diptera-2. Monograph of the Biosystematic Research Centre. Ottawa, Canada: Agriculture Canada, 28:1099-1114

Idinger J, 1995. Schlupftrichterfange von Dipteren und parasitoiden Hymenopteren in unterschiedlich gedungten Getreidefeldern. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Allgemeine und Angewandte Entomologie, 10:553-556

Jonasson T, 1994. Parasitoids of Delia root flies in brassica vegetable crops: coexistence and niche separation in two Aleochara species (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Norwegian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 16 (suppl.):379-386

Kismir A, 1992. Studies on determination of harmful and beneficial fauna associated with rape (Brassica napus var. oleifera D.G.) fields in the Mediterranean region. Proceedings of the Second Turkish National Congress of Entomology. Izmir, Turkey: Ege Universitesi, 693-704

Klimaszewski J, Blume RR, 1986. New host records for Aleochara verna Say and Aleochara notula Erichson (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae, Aleocharinp). Coleopterists' Bulletin, 40(1):32

Kurahashi H, 1991. The calyptrate muscoid flies collected on weather ships located at the ocean weather stations. Japanese Journal of Sanitary Zoology, 42(1):53-55

Larrain SP, 1994. Fluctuacion poblacional y dano de Delia antiqua (Meigen) y Delia platura (Meigen) (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) en almacigos de ceballas (Allium cepa L.) de la zona centro-norte de Chile. Agricultura Tecnica Santiago, 54:60-64

Matanmi BA, Libby JL, 1975. The life stages of Entomophthora virulenta (Entomophthorales: Entomophthoraceae). Mycopathologia, 56(2):125-127

Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganadería Servicio Fitosanitario del Estado (Costa Rica), 2009. Listado de Plagas (insectos y ácaros) en cultivos de importancia económica en Costa Rica (C). http://www.protecnet.go.cr/laboratorios/plagcul/cultivoc.htm

Nair KSS, McEwen FL, 1975. Ecology of the cabbage maggot, Hylemya brassicae (Diptera: Anthomyiidae), in rutabaga in southwestern Ontario, with some observations on other root maggots. Canadian Entomologist, 107(4):343-354

Neuvel JJ, Versluis HP, 1996. Chemical control of the larvae of the seed corn maggot on snap beans by means of seed treatments and cultivar susceptibility. Publicatie - Proefstation voor de Akkerbouw en de Groenteteelt in de Vollegrond, Lelystad, No. 81B:26-30; 3 ref

Pajmon A, 1997. Maize pests. Sodobno Kmetijstvo, 30(4):163-166

Parisi B, Ranalli P, 1997. I principali fitofagi del fagiolino da industria. Informatore Agrario, 53:52-53

Pont AC, 1974. Family Anthomyiidae. In: Vanzolini EP, PapaveroN, eds. A catalogue of the Diptera of the Americas south of the United States 96a. Sao Paulo, Brazil: Museu de Zoologia, Universidade de Sao Paulo

Pont AC, 1989. Family Anthomyiidae. In: Evenhuis NL, ed. Catalog of the Diptera of the Australasian and Oceanian Regions. Honolulu, USA: Bishop Museum Press, 673-674

Pont AC, Ackland DM, 1980. Family Anthomyiidae. In: Crosskey RW, ed. Catalogue of the Diptera of the Afrotropical Region. London, UK: British Museum (Natural History), 715-718

Saito O, 1994. Difference of seasonal prevalence of the seedcorn fly, Delia platura (Diptera: Anthomyiidae), between surveys using a kairomone trap and a fish meal trap in Sapporo, Hokkaido. Annual Report of the Society of Plant Protection of North Japan, 45:147-149

Sanchez-Herrera JF, 1985. Note on a severe attack by the fly Phorbia platura (Meigen) in a maize crop. Boletin del Servicio de Defensa contra Plagas e Inspeccion Fitopatologica, 11(1):25-29

Slovak M, Kucerova L, Vallo V, 1995. Flight activity of two species of the Delia genus (Diptera, Anthomyiidae) in southwestern Slovakia. Biologia (Bratislava), 50(2):177-184

Smith KGV, 1989. An introduction to the immature stages of British flies: Diptera larvae, with notes on eggs, puparia and pupae. Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects. London, UK: Royal Entomological Society, 10(14):1-280

Steene F van de, Vulsteke G, 1995. Biologische waarnemingen omtrent de bonevlieg, Delia platura (Meig.) in West-Vlaanderen gedurende 1988-1993. Parasitica, 51:123-129

Suh SJ, Kwon YJ, 1990. Morphometric multivariate classification of Delia antiqua and D. platura from Korea (Diptera: Anthomyiidae). Insecta Koreana, 7:1-37

Szwejda J, 1988. Diptera of garlic and ecological observations on dominant species - Suillia lurida Meig. (Dipt., Helomyzidae). Acta Horticulturae, 219:99-108

Tai HK, Hyung CC, 1989. Delia platura (Meigen); bionomics and its resistance to host plants. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology, 28(1):16-22

Trorus E, Ghizdavu I, 1996. Cercetari privind evolutia speciei Delia plaura Meig. (Diptera -Anthomyidae), in conditiile din silvostepa moldovei. Probleme de Protectia Plantelor, 24:13-17

Trotus E, Ghizdavu I, Malschi D, 1996. Structura speciilor de muste din genul Delia, daunatoare culturilor de fasole. Probleme de Protectia Plantelor, 24:35-39

Tsutsumi M, Mitsui Y, 1987. Seasonal prevalence of occurrence of onion and seed-corn flies, Hylemya antiqua and H. platura (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) by using the attractant mixture of 2-phenylethanol and n-valeric acid. Annual Report of the Society of Plant Protection of North Japan, 38:143-145

Tu CM, 1990. In vitro isolation of Entomophthora muscp (Entomophthorales: Entomophthoraceae) from infected seed corn maggot Delia platura (Diptera: Anthomyiidae). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 55(2):289-290

Vernon RS, Broatch JS, 1996. Responsiveness of Delia spp. (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) to colored sticky traps in flowering and rosette stage canola. Canadian Entomologist, 128(6):1077-1085; 23 ref

Wan SY, Wan M, 1981. Preliminary observations on and control of Hylemya platura (Meigen) in cotton fields in northern Jiangxi. Insect Knowledge (Kunchong Zhishi), 18(3):107-110

Distribution References

Ackland DM, Pont AC, 1977. Family Anthomyiidae. In: A Catalog of the Diptera of the Oriental Region, 3 [ed. by Delfinado MD, Hardy DE]. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii. 439-446.

Bournoville R, Cantot P, 1986. The seedcorn maggot, a pest of winter white lupin. In: Proceedings of the Fourth International Lupin Conference, Geraldton, Western Australia, 15-22 August, 1986. [Proceedings of the Fourth International Lupin Conference, Geraldton, Western Australia, 15-22 August, 1986.], Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture. 323.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Ciociola Jr A I, França F H, Ciociola A I, 2002. Pests associated with onion crops and their control. (Pragas associadas à cultura da cebola e seu controle.). Informe Agropecuario. 23 (218), 68-74.

Darvas B, Kozma E, 1982. Biology, morphology and parasites of Delia platura Meigen (Diptera: Anthomyidae). (A fesuslabu viraglegy, Delia platura Meigen (Diptera: Anthomyidae) Morfologiaja, biologiaja es parazitai.). Novenyvedelem. 18 (4), 145-156.

EPPO, 2014. EPPO Global database (available online). Paris, France: EPPO. https://gd.eppo.int/

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO.

Griffiths GCD, 1993. Cyclorrhapha II (Schizophora: Calyptratae). Part 2, Anthomyiidae. In: Flies of the Nearctic Region, 8 (2/10) [ed. by Griffiths GCD]. Stuttgart, Germany: Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung. 1417-1632.

Hamilton J T, Toffolon R B, 1986. Seedling maggots. In: Agfacts, 3pp.

Idinger J, 1995. Ground photoeclector evaluation of Diptera and parasitoid Hymenoptera in unfertilized, mineral nitrogen and compost fertilized grain fields. (Schlüpftrichterfänge von Dipteren und parasitoiden Hymenopteren in unterschiedlich gedüngten Getreidefeldern.). In: Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Allgemeine und Angewandte Entomologie, 10 (1-6) 553-556.

Jonasson T, 1994. Parasitoids of Delia root flies in brassica vegetable crops: coexistence and niche separation in two Aleochara species (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). In: Norwegian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 379-386.

Kișmir A, 1992. Studies on determination of harmful and beneficial fauna associated with rape (Brassica napus var. oleifera D.G.) fields in the Mediterranean region. (Akdeniz bölgesi kanola (Brassica napus var. oleifera D.G.) alanlarında zararlı ve faydalı fauna üzerinde çalıșmalar.). In: Proceedings of the Second Turkish National Congress of Entomology [Proceedings of the Second Turkish National Congress of Entomology], Izmir, Turkey: Ege Universitesi. 693-704.

Neuvel J J, Versluis H P, 1996. Chemical control of the larvae of the seed corn maggot on snap beans by means of seed treatments and cultivar susceptibility. (Chemische bestrijding van de made van de bonevlieg in stamslaboon door zaadbehandelingen en toetsing van rasgevoeligheid.). Publicatie - Proefstation voor de Akkerbouw en de Groenteteelt in de Vollegrond, Lelystad. 26-30.

Pajmon A, 1997. Maize pests. (Škodljivci koruze.). Sodobno Kmetijstvo. 30 (4), 163-166.

Pont A C, 1974. A catalogue of the Diptera of the Americas south of the United States. Family Anthomyiidae. In: A catalogue of the Diptera of the Americas south of the United States. Family Anthomyiidae. Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia, Universidade de Sao Paulo. Brazil: 21 pp.

Pont AC, 1989. Family Anthomyiidae. In: Catalog of the Diptera of the Australasian and Oceanian Regions, [ed. by Evenhuis NL]. Honolulu, USA: Bishop Museum Press. 673-674.

Pont AC, Ackland DM, 1980. Family Anthomyiidae. In: Catalogue of the Diptera of the Afrotropical Region, [ed. by Crosskey RW]. London, UK: British Museum (Natural History). 715-718.

Slovák M, Kučerová L, Vallo V, 1995. Flight activity of two species of the Delia genus (Diptera, Anthomyiidae) in southwestern Slovakia. Biológia (Bratislava). 50 (2), 177-184.

Steene F van de, Vulsteke G, 1995. Biological observations of the bean fly Delia platura in West-Flanders during 1988-1993. (Biologische waarnemingen omtrent de bonevlieg, Delia platura (Meig.) in West-Vlaanderen gedurende 1988-1993.). Parasitica. 51 (4), 123-129.

Szwejda J, 1988. Diptera of garlic and ecological observations on dominant species - Suillia lurida Meig. (Dipt., Helomyzidae). In: Acta Horticulturae, 99-108.

Trotuș E, Ghizdavu I, Malschi D, 1996. Structure of fly species from the genus Delia damaging bean seedlings. (Structura speciilor de muște din genul Delia, dăunătoare culturilor de fasole.). Probleme de Proteçtia Plantelor. 24 (1), 35-39.

UK, CAB International, 1985. Delia platura. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 141 (Revised).

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