Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Delia radicum
(cabbage root fly)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Delia radicum (cabbage root fly)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Host Animal
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Delia radicum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • cabbage root fly
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Delia radicum Linnaeus

Preferred Common Name

  • cabbage root fly

Other Scientific Names

  • Anthomyia brassicae Wiedemann; Hoffmannsegg; Bouche
  • Anthomyia radicum (Linnaeus)
  • Aricia villipes Zetterstedt
  • Chortophila appendiculata Bigot
  • Chortophila brassicae (Wiedemann); (Bouche)
  • Chortophila floccosa Macquart
  • Chortophila frontalis Macquart
  • Delia brassicae (Bouche); Hoffmannsegg in Wiedemann
  • Erioischia brassicae (Bouche)
  • Eustalomyia brassicae
  • Hylemya brassicae Bouche
  • Hylemyla brassicae (Wiedemann); (Bouche)
  • Musca radicum Linnaeus
  • Pegomya brassicae (Bouche)
  • Phorbia brassicae Wiedemann; (Bouche)

International Common Names

  • English: cabbage maggot; fly, cabbage root; fly, radish; radish fly
  • Spanish: mosca del nabo y de la col
  • French: chortophile; mouche du chou; petite, mouche du chou

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: kalflue, lille
  • Finland: kaalikärpänen
  • Germany: Fliege, Schnauzenwurzel-; Kleine Kohlfliege; Kohlfliege, Kleine; Kohlmade; Schnauzenwurzelfliege
  • Israel: zvuv hakruv
  • Italy: mosca del cavolo; mosca delle radici
  • Netherlands: Koolvlieg, kleine
  • Norway: lita kalflue
  • Sweden: lilla kälflugan
  • Turkey: lahana kurdu

EPPO code

  • HYLERA (Delia radicum)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Diptera
  •                         Family: Anthomyiidae
  •                             Genus: Delia
  •                                 Species: Delia radicum

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresentDely-Draskovits (1993)
MoroccoPresentDely-Draskovits (1993)

Asia

ArmeniaPresentUK, CAB International (1983)
ChinaPresentDely-Draskovits (1993)
GeorgiaPresentUK, CAB International (1983)
IsraelPresentUK, CAB International (1983)
KazakhstanPresentKorostylev and Kabirova (1980)
TurkeyPresentUK, CAB International (1983); Tamer (1994)
UzbekistanPresentUK, CAB International (1983)

Europe

AustriaPresentDely-Draskovits (1993)
BelarusPresentUK, CAB International (1983)
BelgiumPresentParys et al. (1997)
BulgariaPresentUK, CAB International (1983)
CroatiaPresentMaceljski and Jelovčan (2007)
CzechiaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Kostal and Finch (1996)
DenmarkPresentDely-Draskovits (1993)
EstoniaPresentUK, CAB International (1983)
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresentUK, CAB International (1983)
FinlandPresentDely-Draskovits (1993)
FrancePresentDely-Draskovits (1993)
GermanyPresentDely-Draskovits (1993)
HungaryPresentDely-Draskovits (1993)
IcelandPresentDely-Draskovits (1993)
IrelandPresentDely-Draskovits (1993)
ItalyPresentDely-Draskovits (1993)
LatviaPresentAsyakin and Ivanova (1987)
MoldovaPresentFilippov and Matsyuk (1977)
NetherlandsPresentEster et al. (1994)
NorwayPresentDely-Draskovits (1993)
PolandPresentNawrocka (1996)
PortugalPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-AzoresPresentDely-Draskovits (1993)
-MadeiraPresentDely-Draskovits (1993)
RomaniaPresentDely-Draskovits (1993)
RussiaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-Russia (Europe)PresentDely-Draskovits (1993)
-Russian Far EastPresentDely-Draskovits (1993)
-SiberiaPresentUK, CAB International (1983); Dely-Draskovits (1993)
SlovakiaPresentDely-Draskovits (1993)
SpainPresentDely-Draskovits (1993)
SwedenPresentDely-Draskovits (1993)
SwitzerlandPresentHäseli and Konrad (1987)
UkrainePresentUK, CAB International (1983)
United KingdomPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: abanowskiej (2008)

North America

CanadaPresent, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1983)
-AlbertaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-British ColumbiaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-ManitobaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-New BrunswickPresentCABI (Undated b)
-Newfoundland and LabradorPresentCABI (Undated b)
-Nova ScotiaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-OntarioPresentCABI (Undated b)
-Prince Edward IslandPresentCABI (Undated b)
-QuebecPresentCABI (Undated b)
-SaskatchewanPresentCABI (Undated b)
United StatesPresentUK, CAB International (1983); CABI (Undated)
-CaliforniaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-ColoradoPresentCABI (Undated b)
-ConnecticutPresentCABI (Undated b)
-IdahoPresentCABI (Undated b)
-IllinoisPresentCABI (Undated b)
-IndianaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-MainePresentCABI (Undated b)
-MarylandPresentCABI (Undated b)
-MassachusettsPresentCABI (Undated b)
-MichiganPresentCABI (Undated b)
-MinnesotaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-MontanaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-New JerseyPresentCABI (Undated b)
-New YorkPresentCABI (Undated b)
-North CarolinaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-OhioPresentCABI (Undated b)
-OregonPresentCABI (Undated b)
-PennsylvaniaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-Rhode IslandPresentCABI (Undated b)
-VermontPresentCABI (Undated b)
-VirginiaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-WashingtonPresentCABI (Undated b)
-WisconsinPresentCABI (Undated b)

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Leaves / wilting
Roots / internal feeding

Natural enemies

Top of page
Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Aleochara bilineata Predator/parasite Larvae Denmark
Aleochara bipustulata Predator
Aleochara suffusa Predator
Aleochara verna Predator
Bacillus thuringiensis Pathogen
Bacillus thuringiensis aizawai Pathogen
Bacillus thuringiensis colmeri Pathogen
Bacillus thuringiensis indiana Pathogen
Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Pathogen
Bacillus thuringiensis thuringiensis Pathogen
Bacillus thuringiensis tochigiensis Pathogen
Bembidion lampros Predator
Carabidae Predator Eggs/Larvae/Pupae
Conidiobolus coronatus Pathogen
Conidiobolus thromboides Pathogen
Entomophthora muscae Pathogen Denmark cabbages
Heterorhabditis bacteriophora Parasite
Hypogastrura succinea Predator
Phaenocarpa pegomyiae Parasite
Phygadeuon trichops Predator/parasite Larvae
Pterostichus strenuus Predator
Steinernema carpocapsae Parasite
Steinernema feltiae Parasite
Steinernema riobravis Parasite
Stenolophus comma Predator
Stenolophus lecontei Predator
Strongwellsea castrans Pathogen Denmark cabbages
Tolypocladium cylindrosporum Pathogen
Trechus quadristriatus Predator
Trybliographa rapae Predator/parasite Larvae

Pathway Vectors

Top of page
VectorNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Soil, sand and gravelInfected growing medium. Yes

Plant Trade

Top of page
Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Growing medium accompanying plants eggs; pupae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Roots larvae Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches larvae Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Leaves
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

Top of page

abanowskiej D, 2008. Wpw roslin towarzyszacych na wystepowanie smietki kapuscianej (Delia radicum L.) oraz znaczenie roslinnosci otaczajacej pola uprawne dla fauny pozytecznej. Skierniewice, Poland: Instytut Warzywnictwa im. e. Chroboczka w Skierniewicach Zakad Ochrony Roslin - Pracownia Entomologii, 23 pp.

Asyakin BP, Ivanova OV, 1987. Features of the colonization of cabbage by cabbage flies during the period of ontogenesis. Trudy Latviiskoi Sel'skokhozyaistvennoi Akademii, No. 237:15-20.

Bligaard J, 1996. Udvikling af et temperaturbaseret varslingssystem for kalfluens aeglaening ud fra otte ars markregistreringer med filtfaeder. 13th Danish Plant Protection Conference. Pests and Diseases. SP Rapport Statens Planteavlsforsog, 4:253-258.

Broatch JS, Vernon RS, 1997. Comparison of water pan traps and sticky traps for monitoring Delia spp. (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) in canola. Canadian Entomologist, 129(5):979-984; 12 ref.

CIE, 1989. Delia radicum (Linnaeus) (= Hylemya brassicae (Bouche)) [Diptera: Anthomyiidae] cabbage root fly, cabbage maggot, spring or smaller cabbage fly. CAB International Institute of Entomology, Distribution Maps of Pests, series A (Agricultural), (83), revised, 1-3. London, UK: CAB International.

Damgaard PH, Hansen BM, Pedersen JC, Eilenberg J, 1997. Natural occurrence of Bacillus thuringiensis on cabbage foliage and in insects associated with cabbage crops. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 82(2):253-258; 23 ref.

Danilov LG, Karpova EV, Shilovskaya TS, 1995. Entomopathogenic nematodes against cabbage flies. Zashchita Rastenii (Moskva), 7:40.

Dely-Draskovits A, 1993. Family Anthomyiidae, In: Soos A, Papp L, eds. Catalogue of Palaearctic Diptera. Budapest, Hungary: Akadémiai Kiadó, 13:11-102.

Dosdall LM, Herbut MJ, Cowle NT, Micklich TM, 1996. The effect of tillage regime on emergence of root maggots (Delia spp.) (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) from canola. Canadian Entomologist, 128(6):1157-1165; 25 ref.

Ester A, Hofstede SB, Kosters PSR, Moel CPde, 1994. Filmcoating of cauliflower seed (Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis L.) with insecticides to control the cabbage root fly (Delia radicum). Crop Protection, 13(1):14-19.

Etienne B, Yves B, Laurence R, 1993. Effect of cyromazine insect growth regulator for cabbage root fly (Delia radicum) control on rape. Bulletin OILB/SROP Route de Marseilles - BP 91, Netherlands; International Organization for Biological Control of Noxious Animals and Plants (OIBC/OILB), West Palaearctic Regional Section (WPRS/SROP), 16(9):210-215.

Ferrar P, 1987. A guide to the breeding habits and immature stages of Diptera Cyclorrhapha (Part 1: text; Part 2: figures). Leiden, Netherlands: E.J. Brill/Scandinavian Science Press, 8(1):1-478, 8(2):479-907.

Filippov NA, Matsyuk VA, 1977. Insecticides against the cabbage fly. Zashchita Rastenii, 12:27.

Finch S, 1996. Problems associated with controlling the cabbage root fly by inundative releases of the rove beetle, Aleochara bilineata. Bulletin OILB/SROP, 19(11):152-155; 13 ref.

Finch S, Collier RH, 1984. Parasitism of overwintering pupae of cabbage root fly, Delia radicum (L.) (Diptera: Anthomyiidae), in England and Wales. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 74(1):79-86.

Fischer M, 1973. Redescriptions of some Alysiinae (Hymenoptera, Braconidae). Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, 77:245-261.

Freuler J, Gagnebin F, Eggenberg PE, Strasser RJ, 1996. Evaluation of cauliflower breeding lines resistant to cabbage root fly (Delia radicum). Bulletin OILB/SROP, 19(5):8-24; 2 ref.

Freuler J, Gagnebin F, Strasser R, 1993. Breeding for cabbage root fly (Delia radicum) resistance in cauliflower. Bulletin OILB/SROP, 16(5):6-12.

Georgis R, Kaya HK, Gaugler R, 1991. Effect of steinernematid and heterorhabditid nematodes (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae and Heterorhabditidae) on nontarget arthropods. Environmental Entomology, 20(3):815-822.

Griffiths GCD, 1984. Cyclorrhapha II (Schizophora: Calyptratp). Part 2, Anthomyiidae. In: Griffiths GCD, ed. Flies of the Nearctic Region Volume VIII. Stuttgart, Germany: Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 8(2/3):289-408.

Griffiths GCD, 1993. Cyclorrhapha II (Schizophora: Calyptratae). Part 2, Anthomyiidae. In: Griffiths, GCD, ed. Flies of the Nearctic Region. Stuttgart, Germany: Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 8(2/10):1417-1632.

Haseli A, Konrad P, 1987. An alternative for plant protection in vegetables. Pest attack control with nets. Gemuse (Munchen), 23(7):320-324.

Hellqvist S, 1996. Mulching with grass-clippings in cauliflower: effects on yield and brassica root flies (Delia spp.). International Journal of Pest Management, 42:39-46.

Hennig W, 1974. 63a. Anthomyiidae. In: Lindner E, ed. Die Fliegen der Palaearktischen Region. Stuttgart, Germany: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 7(1):687-927.

Hennig W, 1974. 63a. Anthomyiidae. In: Lindner E, ed. Die Fliegen der Palaearktischen Region. Stuttgart, Germany: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 7(1):687-927.

Hill DS, 1987. Agricultural insect pests of temperate regions and their control. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Huckett HC, 1987. 104. Anthomyiidae. In: McAlpine JF, ed. Manual of Nearctic Diptera-2. Monograph of the Biosystematic Research Centre. Ottawa, Canada: Agriculture Canada, 28:1099-1114.

Johansen TJ, 1993. Bekjempelse av kalfluer i kalrot og forraps i Nord-Norge. Norsk Landbruksforsking, 7:157-164.

King FC, 1998. Use of parasitoids as biological control agents of the cabbage root fly - a physiological and behavioural study. Antenna, 22:141-144.

Korostylev NP, Kabirova LV, 1980. Control of cabbage flies and weeds. Zashchita Rastenii, 11:47.

Kostßl V, Finch S, 1996. Preference of the cabbage root fly, Delia radicum (L.), for coloured traps: influence of sex and physiological status of the flies, trap background and experimental design. Physiological Entomology, 21(2):123-130; 42 ref.

Lehmhus J, Hommes M, Vidal S, 1997. Effects of undersowing and straw mulch on insect herbivores and their natural enemies in white cabbage. [Auswirkung von Untersaaten und Mulch in Weisskohlkulturen auf Schadinsekten und ihre Gegenspieler.] Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft fnr Allgemeine und Angewandte Entomologie, 11:289-292.

Maceljski M, Jelovcan S, 2007. Integrated protection of oilseed rape against pests. (Integrirana za?tita uljane repice od ?tetnika.) Glasilo Biljne Za?tite, 7(4):213-216.

Meyer E, 1996. Vergleich von Verfahren zur Erfassung der Eiablage der Kleinen Kohlfliege (Delia brassicae Bouche). Gesunde Pflanzen, 48:254-258.

Nawrocka B, 1996. The use of non-woven polypropylene fleece and polythene nets for protecting cabbage and carrot crop from attacks by pest Diptera. Bulletin OILB/SROP, 19(11):195-199; 3 ref.

Neveu N, Kacem N, NTnon JP, 1996. A method for rearing Trybliographa rapae W. on Delia radicum L. Bulletin OILB/SROP, 19(11):173-178; 12 ref.

Ntiamoah YA, Borden JH, 1996. Monoterpene oviposition deterrents for cabbage maggots, Delia radicum (L.) (Diptera: Anthomyiidae). Canadian Entomologist, 128(2):351-352; 9 ref.

Ouden Hden, Alkema DPW, Klijnstra JW, Theunissen J, Vlieger JJde, 1997. Preference and non-preference experiments with aerial repellents against Delia radicum L. (Dipt., Anthomyiidae) in a wind tunnel. Journal of Applied Entomology, 121(5):275-279; 13 ref.

Ouden Hden, Bulsink A, Theunissen J, 1996. Compounds repellent to Delia radicum (L.) (Dipt., Anthomyiidae). Journal of Applied Entomology, 120(7):427-432; 28 ref.

Parys L van, Hemeryck E, Calus A, 1997. Spruitkool. Overzicht van het onderzoek 1995. Provinciaal Onderzoek- en Voorlichtingscentrum voor Land- en Tuinbouw. Belgium, Beitem-Roeselare.

Pont AC, 1981. The Linnpan species of the families Fanniidae, Anthomyiidae and Muscidae (Insecta: Diptera). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 15(2):165-175.

Slovak M, Kucerova L, Vallo V, 1995. Flight activity of two species of the Delia genus (Diptera, Anthomyiidae) in southwestern Slovakia. Biologia (Bratislava), 50(2):177-184.

Smith KGV, 1989. An introduction to the immature stages of British flies: Diptera larvae, with notes on eggs, puparia and pupae. Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects. London, UK: Royal Entomological Society, 10(14):1-280.

Steene F van de, 1992. Chemical control of Delia radicum L. by treatment before planting. Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen, Universiteit Gent, 57(1):35-43.

Steene F van de, 1995. Evolutie in het optreden en de bestrijding van plaaginsekten in de spruitkoolteelt in het laatste decennium. Parasitica, 51:103-113.

Tamer A, 1994. Rearing studies of Trybliographa rapae (Westw.), the most important parasitoid of cabbage root fly Delia radicum (L.). Turkiye III. Biyolojik Mucadele Kongresi Bildirileeri, 25-28 Ocak 1994, Ege Universitesi Ziraat Fakultesi, Bitki Koruma Bolumu, Izmir Bornova, Turkey; Ege Universitesi Basimevi, 205-213.

Turnock WJ, Boivin G, Whistlecraft JW, 1995. Parasitism of overwintering puparia of the cabbage maggot, Delia radicum (L.) (Diptera: Anthomyiidae), in relation to host density and weather factors. Canadian Entomologist, 127(4):535-542; 25 ref.

Vernon RS, Broatch JS, 1996. Responsiveness of Delia spp. (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) to colored sticky traps in flowering and rosette stage canola. Canadian Entomologist, 128(6):1077-1085; 23 ref.

Distribution References

Asyakin B P, Ivanova O V, 1987. Features of the colonization of cabbage by cabbage flies during the period of ontogenesis. Trudy Latviĭskoĭ Sel'skokhozyaĭstvennoĭ Akademii. 15-20.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Dely-Draskovits A, 1993. Family Anthomyiidae. In: Catalogue of Palaearctic Diptera, 13 [ed. by Soos A, Papp L]. Budapest, Hungary: Akadémiai Kiadó. 11-102.

Ester A, Hofstede S B, Kosters P S R, Moel C P de, 1994. Filmcoating of cauliflower seed (Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis L.) with insecticides to control the cabbage root fly (Delia radicum). Crop Protection. 13 (1), 14-19. DOI:10.1016/0261-2194(94)90130-9

Filippov N A, Matsyuk V A, 1977. Insecticides against the cabbage fly. Zashchita Rastenii. 27.

Häseli A, Konrad P, 1987. An alternative for plant protection in vegetables. Pest attack control with nets. (Eine Alternative im Pflanzenschutz bei Gemüse. Schädlingsbefall-Regulierung mit Netzen.). Gemüse (München). 23 (7), 320-324.

Korostylev N P, Kabirova L V, 1980. Control of cabbage flies and weeds. Zashchita Rastenii. 47.

Maceljski M, Jelovčan S, 2007. Integrated protection of oilseed rape against pests. (Integrirana zaštita uljane repice od štetnika.). Glasilo Biljne Zaštite. 7 (4), 213-216.

Nawrocka B, 1996. The use of non-woven polypropylene fleece and polythene nets for protecting cabbage and carrot crop from attacks by pest Diptera. In: Bulletin OILB/SROP [Integrated control in field vegetable crops. Proceedings of the meeting, held Guitté, France, 6-8 November, 1995.], 19 (11) [ed. by Finch S, Brunel E]. 195-199.

Parys L van, Hemeryck E, Calus A, 1997. Spruitkool. Overzicht van het onderzoek 1995. Beitem-Roeselare, Belgium: 63 pp.

Tamer A, 1994. Rearing studies of Trybliographa rapae (Westw.), the most important parasitoid of cabbage root fly Delia radicum (L.). (Lahana sineği Delia radicum (L.)' un önemli bir parazitoiti olan Trybliographa rapae (Weztw.)' nin laboraturvarda yetishook˜tirilme çalıshook˜maları.). In: Turkiye III. Biyolojik Mucadele Kongresi Bildirileeri, 25-28 Ocak 1994, Ege Universitesi Ziraat Fakultesi, Bitki Koruma Bolumu, Izmir. [Turkiye III. Biyolojik Mucadele Kongresi Bildirileeri, 25-28 Ocak 1994, Ege Universitesi Ziraat Fakultesi, Bitki Koruma Bolumu, Izmir.], Bornova, Turkey: Ege Universitesi Basimevi. 205-213.

UK, CAB International, 1983. Delia radicum. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 83 (Revised).

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map