Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Hydraecia micacea
(potato skin borer)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Hydraecia micacea (potato skin borer)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Hydraecia micacea
  • Preferred Common Name
  • potato skin borer
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Adult female moth of Hydraecia micacea. Wingspan 25-35 mm.
TitleAdult
CaptionAdult female moth of Hydraecia micacea. Wingspan 25-35 mm.
CopyrightM. Scriber
Adult female moth of Hydraecia micacea. Wingspan 25-35 mm.
AdultAdult female moth of Hydraecia micacea. Wingspan 25-35 mm.M. Scriber
Preferred oviposition site for Hydraecia immanis (shown here) and H. micacea, in grass with loose sheaths.
TitleOviposition site
CaptionPreferred oviposition site for Hydraecia immanis (shown here) and H. micacea, in grass with loose sheaths.
CopyrightM. Scriber
Preferred oviposition site for Hydraecia immanis (shown here) and H. micacea, in grass with loose sheaths.
Oviposition sitePreferred oviposition site for Hydraecia immanis (shown here) and H. micacea, in grass with loose sheaths.M. Scriber
Typical damage to corn by second- or third-instar larvae of Hydraecia immanis, which is also very similar to that observed for H. micacea in Canada and the USA.
TitleDamage symptoms
CaptionTypical damage to corn by second- or third-instar larvae of Hydraecia immanis, which is also very similar to that observed for H. micacea in Canada and the USA.
CopyrightM. Scriber
Typical damage to corn by second- or third-instar larvae of Hydraecia immanis, which is also very similar to that observed for H. micacea in Canada and the USA.
Damage symptomsTypical damage to corn by second- or third-instar larvae of Hydraecia immanis, which is also very similar to that observed for H. micacea in Canada and the USA.M. Scriber

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Hydraecia micacea (Esper)

Preferred Common Name

  • potato skin borer

Other Scientific Names

  • Gortyna micacea Esper
  • Hydroecia micacea

International Common Names

  • English: potato stem borer; rosy rustic moth; rustic moth, rosy; stem borer, potato
  • French: noctuelle de la pomme de terre; perce-tige de la pomme de terre

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: kartoffelbohrer
  • Finland: varsiyökkönen
  • Germany: Bohrer, Kartoffel-; Eule, Hopfenmark-; Ruebenbohrer
  • Netherlands: Aardappelruspen; Aardappelstengelboorder
  • Norway: stengelfly
  • Sweden: potatisstamfly; stjälkfly

EPPO code

  • HYDOMI (Hydraecia micacea)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Noctuidae
  •                             Genus: Hydraecia
  •                                 Species: Hydraecia micacea

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Asia

JapanPresentIntroducedDeedat and Ellis (1983)Established

Europe

CzechiaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: ?edivý et al. (2005)
FinlandPresentSeppanen (1970)
GermanyPresentZWÖLFER (1962)
IrelandPresentCarpenter (1917)
PolandPresentSzwejda (2002)
RussiaPresentZeĭruk et al. (2008)
SwedenPresentNordstrom et al. (1941)
SwitzerlandPresentZWÖLFER (1962)
Union of Soviet Socialist RepublicsPresentPOSPELOV (1965); Kondakov and Nogina (1968)
United KingdomPresentFrench et al. (1973)

North America

CanadaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-New BrunswickPresentIntroducedDeedat and Ellis (1983)Established
-Newfoundland and LabradorPresentIntroducedBrittain (1916); Deedat and Ellis (1983)Established
-Nova ScotiaPresentIntroducedGibson (1908); CABI (Undated)Established
-OntarioPresentIntroducedMACNAY (1961); Deedat and Ellis (1983)Established
-QuebecPresentIntroducedJOBIN (1963)Established
United StatesPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-IowaPresentIntroducedGiebink et al. (1984)Established
-New YorkPresentIntroducedForbes (1954); Muka (1976)Established
-OhioPresentIntroducedRings and Metzler (1982)Established
-WisconsinPresentIntroducedScriber (1980); Godfrey (1981); Giebink et al. (1984)Established

Growth Stages

Top of page Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Growing point / dead heart
Growing point / discoloration
Growing point / internal feeding; boring
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / internal feeding
Leaves / wilting
Leaves / yellowed or dead
Roots / external feeding
Roots / internal feeding
Stems / internal feeding
Vegetative organs / internal feeding
Whole plant / cut at stem base
Whole plant / internal feeding
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback

Natural enemies

Top of page
Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Bacillus thuringiensis galleriae Pathogen Larvae
Compsilura concinnata Parasite
Exephanes occupator Parasite Larvae
Lydella radicis Parasite Larvae
Lydella stabulans Parasite Larvae
Macrocentrus blandus Parasite Larvae

References

Top of page

?edivý J, Born P, Vostrel J, 2005. Harmful occurrence of Rosy rustic moth (Hydraecia micacea) (Noctuidae, Lepidoptera) on hops in the Czech Republic. Plant Protection Science, 41(4):150-157. http://www.cazv.cz

Balsac HH, Choul M, 1969. The possible causes of the increase of Hydraecia petasitis Dbld. in Belgian and French Lorraine during the year 1968 (Noctuidae). Alexanor, 6:33-40.

Brittain WH, 1916. Hydroecia micacea is a garden pest. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Nova Scotia, 1:96-97.

Brittain WH, 1918. Notes on two unusual garden pests in Nova Scotia. Annual Report of the Entomological Society of Ontario, 94-96.

Burns EL, Teal PEA, 1989. Response of male potato stem borer moths, Hydrpcia micacea (Esper) to conspecific females and synthetic pheromone blends in the laboratory and field. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 15(4):1365-1378

Carpenter GH, 1917. Injurious insects and other animals observed in Ireland during the years 1914 and 1915. Econonic Proceedings of the Royal Dublin Society, 2:221-233.

Carter DJ, 1984. Pest Lepidoptera of Europe with special reference to the British Isles. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk.

Cayrol RA, 1972. Famille des Noctuidae. In: Balachowsky AS, ed. Entomologie appliqué a l'agriculture. Vol. 2. Paris, France: Masson et Cie Editeurs, 1275-1614.

Deedat YD, Ellis CR, 1983. Damage caused by potato stem borer (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to field corn. Journal of Economic Entomology, 76(5):1055-1060

Deedat YD, Ellis CR, Elmhirst J, 1983. Control of potato stem borer, Hydrpcia micacea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), in field corn. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario, 113:43-51

Deedat YD, Ellis CR, West RJ, 1983. Life history of the potato stem borer (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Ontario. Journal of Economic Entomology, 76(5):1033-1037

Forbes WTM, 1954. Lepidoptera of New York and neighboring states. Part 3 Noctuidae. Cornell, USA: Cornell University Agriculture Experiment Station, Memoir 329.

French N, Ludlam FAB, Wardlow LR, 1973. Biology, damage and control of rosy rustic moth, Hydraecia micacea (Esp.), on hops. Plant Pathology, 22(2):58-64

Gibson A, 1908. Hydroecia micacea Esp. in Canada. Annual Report of the Entomological Society of Ontario, (1907), 39:49-51.

Giebink BL, Scriber JM, Hogg DB, 1985. Developmental rates of the hop vine borer and potato stem borer (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): implications for insecticidal control. Journal of Economic Entomology, 78(2):311-315

Giebink BL, Scriber JM, Wedberg JL, 1984. Biology and phenology of the hop-vine borer, Hydrpcia immanis Guenee, and detection of the potato stem borer, H. micacea (Esper) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), in Wisconsin. Environmental Entomology, 13(5):1216-1224

Giebink BL, Scriber JM, Wedberg JL, 1992. Suitability of selected broad-leaved weeds for survival and growth of two stalk-boring Hydraecia species (Lepidoptera:Noctuidae). Great Lakes Entomologist, 25:245-251.

Godfrey GL, 1981. Identification and descriptions of the ultimate instar larvae of Hydrpcia immanis (hop vine borer) and H. micacea (potato stem borer) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Biological Notes, Illinois Natural History Survey, No. 114:8 pp.

Hawley IM, 1918. Insects injurious to the hop in New York with special reference to the hop grub and the hop red bug. Cornell University Agricultural Station Memoirs, 15:141-224.

Heinicke W, 1984. Occurrence of Hydraecia ultima, in the area of East Germany. Entomologische Nachrichten und Berichte, 28:196-199.

Jewess PJ, 1976. Confirmation of Hydraecia osseola hucherardi Mab. as a breeding species in the Medway Valley (Kent). Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation, 88:318.

Jobin LJ, 1963. Etude preliminaire de la biologie du perce-tige de la pomme de terre, Hydroecia micacea Esp. (Lepidopteres: Noctuidae) Annals of the Entomological Society of Quebec, 8:111-120.

Kondakov NI, Nogina LA, 1968. The potato stem borer moth on hops. Zashchita Rastenii ot Vreditelei i Boleznei, 13:47.

Levine E, 1986. Oviposition preference of Hydraecia immanis (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in cage tests. Journal of Economic Entomology, 79(6):1544-1547; 5 ref.

Levine E, 1988. Diapause termination and postdiapause development in eggs of Hydraecia immanis Guenée (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Environmental Entomology, 17(1):80-85; 20 ref.

Levine E, 1989. Forecasting Hydraecia immanis (Lepiodoptera: Noctuidae) moth phenology based on light trap catches and degree-day accumulations. Journal of Economic Entomology, 82(2):433-438

MacNay CG, 1961. Canadian Insect Pest Review, 39:150.

Mladinov L, 1985. New species of Macrolepidoptera fauna of Croatia (Yugoslavia) (Lepidoptera. Limoniidae Noctuidae, Geometridae). Acta Entomologica Jugoslavia, 21:37-42.

Muka AA, 1976. A new corn pest is south of the border. Hoard's Dairyman, 121:688.

Nippel F, 1981. Recession of Hydraecia petasitis in the region of Wermelskirchen (Nordrhein-Westfalen, West Germany) during the last ten years. Veroeff Naturschutz Landschaftspflege in Baden Wuerttemb Beih. Karlsruhe, West Germany: Institut fue Okologie und Naturschutz, 181-189.

Nordstrom F, Wahlgren E, Tullgren A, 1941. Hydroecia. In: Storfjarilar Macrolepidoptera. Stockholm, Sweden: Nordisk Fumiljeboks Forlag Aktiebolag, 187-188.

Palmqvist G, 1996. Remarkable records of Macrolepidoptera in Sweden in 1995. Entomologisk Tidskrift, 117(1-2):35-48.

Palmqvist G, 1997. Interesting finds of Macrolepidoptera in Sweden 1996. Entomologisk Tidskrift, 118:11-27.

Pimpl F, 1991. Researches to the biology of development and life at the base of populations of Hydraecia petasitis (Doubleday, 1847) from West Ore Mountains (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae). Entomologische Nachrichten und Berichte, 35:99-103.

Pospelov S, 1965. The potato moth. Zashchita Rastenii ot Vreditelei i Boleznei, 7:43-44.

Rings RW, Metzler EW, 1982. Two newly detected noctuids (Hydrpcia immanis and Hydrpcia micacea) of potential economic importance in Ohio. Ohio Journal of Science, 82(5):299-302

Ryrholm N, 1994. Remarkable records of Macrolepidoptera in Sweden 1993. Entomologisk Tidskrift, 115:37-44.

Scriber JM, 1980. The potato stem borer and the hop vine borer: new problems in corn? Proceedings of the Wisconsin Aglime, Fertilizer, and Pest Management Conference, 19:28-31.

Scriber JM, Bossart JL, Snider D, 1992. Diagnostic alleles from electrophoresis distinguish two noctuid pest species, Hydraecia immanis and H. micacea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Great Lakes Entomologist, 25(2):91-98

Scriber JM, Hainze JH, 1988. Geographic invasion and abundance as facilitated by different host plant utilization abilities. In: Barbosa P, Schultz JC, eds. Insect Outbreaks: Ecological and Evolutionary Processes. New York, USA: Academic Press, 433-468.

Seppanen EJ, 1970. Hydroecia. In: Suuperhostoukkien ravintokasuit. Helsinki, Finland: Werner Soderstrom Osakeyhtio, 81-82.

Shaw MW, 1957. Damage by rosy rustic moth larvae in Scotland. Plant Pathology, 6:135-136.

Smith JB, 1899. Contributions toward a monograph of the Noctuidae of Boreal North America. Revision of the genus Hydroecia. Transactions of the Entomological Society of America, 26:1-48.

Szwejda J, 2002. Insect pests on rhubarb in Poland. (Szkodliwa entomofauna rabarbaru w Polsce.) Ochrona Roslin, 46(6):10-11.

Teal PEA, Tumlinson JH, 1987. The role of alcohols in pheromone biosynthesis by two noctuid moths that use acetate pheromone components. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology, 4(4):261-269

Teal PEA, West RJ, Laing JE, 1983. Identification of a blend of sex pheromone components of the potato stem borer (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) for monitoring adults. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario, 114:15-19

Vaisanen R, Hublin C, 1983. The effect of continuous light trapping on moth populations a mark-recapture experiment on Hydraecia petasitis (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) (Finland) Entomologiska Foreningen i Helsingfors, 63:187-191.

Varga Z, Ronkay L, 1991. Taxonomic studies on the Palearctic Noctuidae (Lepidoptera): I. New taxa from Asia. Acta Zoologica Hungarica, 37:263-312.

West RJ, Laing JE, Marshall SA, 1984. Parasites of the potato stem borer, Hydrpcia micacea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario, 114:69-82

West RJ, Laing JE, Teal PEA, 1985. Method for rearing the potato stem borer, Hydrpcia micacea Esper (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), in the laboratory. Journal of Economic Entomology, 78(1):219-221

West RJ, Teal PEA, Laing JE, Grant GM, 1984. Calling behavior of the potato stem borer, Hydrpcia micacea Esper (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), in the laboratory and the field. Environmental Entomology, 13(5):1399-1404

Wiltshire EP, 1973. Rediscovery of Hydraecia hucherardi Mabille in Normandy (Noctuidae). Alexanor, 8:52-57.

Zeiruk VN, Abashkin OV, Masyuk YuA, Popov AI, 2008. Cutworms in potato fields. Zashchita i Karantin Rastenii, No.7:44-45. http://www.z-i-k-r.ru

Zhang BC(Compiler), 1994. Index of economically important Lepidoptera. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 599 pp.

Zwolfer H, 1962. Observations on the parasites of Hydroecia micacea Esp. and H. petasitis Dbl. Technical Bulletin of the Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control, No. 2. Vol. 4. 101-158.

Distribution References

Brittain W H, 1916. Hydroecia micacea is a garden pest. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Nova Scotia. 96-97.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Carpenter G H, 1917. Injurious insects and other animals observed in Ireland during the years 1914 and 1915. Economic Proceedings of the Royal Dublin Society. 221-233.

Deedat Y D, Ellis C R, 1983. Damage caused by potato stem borer (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to field corn. Journal of Economic Entomology. 76 (5), 1055-1060. DOI:10.1093/jee/76.5.1055

Forbes W T M, 1954. Lepidoptera of New York and neighboring states. Part 3 Noctuidae. In: Cornell University Agriculture Experiment Station, Memoir, Cornell, USA: Cornell University Agriculture Experiment Station.

French N, Ludlam F A B, Wardlow L R, 1973. Biology, damage and control of rosy rustic moth, Hydraecia micacea (Esp.), on hops. Plant Pathology. 22 (2), 58-64. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.1973.tb01773.x

Gibson A, 1908. Annual Report of the Entomological Society of Ontario, 1907. 39 49-51.

Giebink B L, Scriber J M, Wedberg J L, 1984. Biology and phenology of the hop-vine borer, Hydraecia immanis Guenée, and detection of the potato stem borer, H. micacea (Esper) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), in Wisconsin. Environmental Entomology. 13 (5), 1216-1224. DOI:10.1093/ee/13.5.1216

Godfrey G L, 1981. Identification and descriptions of the ultimate instar larvae of Hydraecia immanis (hop vine borer) and H. micacea (potato stem borer) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). In: Biological Notes, Illinois Natural History Survey, 8 pp.

JOBIN L J, 1963. Preliminary study of the bionomics of H. micácea. (Étude préliminaire de la biologie du perce-tige de la pomme de terre Hydroecia micacea Esp. (Lépidoptères: Noctuidae).). Ann. ent. Soc. Quebec. 111-120 pp.

Kondakov NI, Nogina LA, 1968. The potato stem borer moth on hops. In: Zashchita Rastenii ot Vreditelei i Boleznei, 13 47.

MACNAY C G, 1961. Canadian Insect Pest Review. Ottawa, 1; [1 +] 38; 9 pp.

Muka AA, 1976. A new corn pest is south of the border. In: Hoard's Dairyman, 121 688.

Nordstrom F, Wahlgren E, Tullgren A, 1941. Hydroecia. In: Storfjarilar Macrolepidoptera. Stockholm, Sweden: Nordisk Fumiljeboks Forlag Aktiebolag. 187-188.

POSPELOV S, 1965. The potato moth. In: Zashchita rastenii ot vreditelei i boleznei, 43-44 pp.

Rings R W, Metzler E W, 1982. Two newly detected noctuids (Hydraecia immanis and Hydraecia micacea) of potential economic importance in Ohio. Ohio Journal of Science. 82 (5), 299-302.

Scriber JM, 1980. The potato stem borer and the hop vine borer: new problems in corn? [Proceedings of the Wisconsin Aglime, Fertilizer, and Pest Management Conference], 19 28-31.

Seppanen EJ, 1970. Hydroecia. In: Suuperhostoukkien ravintokasuit, Helsinki, Finland: Werner Soderstrom Osakeyhtio. 81-82.

Szwejda J, 2002. Insect pests on rhubarb in Poland. (Szkodliwa entomofauna rabarbaru w Polsce.). Ochrona Roślin. 46 (6), 10-11.

Zeĭruk V N, Abashkin O V, Masyuk Yu A, Popov A I, 2008. Cutworms in potato fields. In: Zashchita i Karantin Rasteniĭ. Moscow, Russia: Izdatel'stvo Kolos. 44-45. http://www.z-i-k-r.ru

ZWÖLFER H, 1962. Observations on the parasites of Hydroecia micacea Esp. and H. petasitis Dbl. In: Technical Bulletin. Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control. Farnham Royal, Bucks. UK: Commonwealth Agricultural Bureau. 101-158.

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map