Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Howardia biclavis
(mining scale)



Howardia biclavis (mining scale)


  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Howardia biclavis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • mining scale
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Howardia biclavis (Comstock)

Preferred Common Name

  • mining scale

Other Scientific Names

  • Chionaspis biclavis Comst.

International Common Names

  • English: burrowing scale; mining, scale
  • Spanish: cochinilla gris de la jagua; guagua minadora

EPPO code

  • HOWABI (Howardia biclavis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hemiptera
  •                         Suborder: Sternorrhyncha
  •                             Unknown: Coccoidea
  •                                 Family: Diaspididae
  •                                     Genus: Howardia
  •                                         Species: Howardia biclavis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

North America

BermudaPresentSchotman, 1989

Central America and Caribbean

Antigua and BarbudaPresentSchotman, 1989
BarbadosPresentSchotman, 1989
CubaPresentSchotman, 1989
Dominican RepublicPresentSchotman, 1989
GrenadaPresentSchotman, 1989
MontserratPresentSchotman, 1989
Puerto RicoPresentSchotman, 1989
Saint Kitts and NevisPresentSchotman, 1989
Trinidad and TobagoPresentSchotman, 1989

South America

BrazilPresentSchotman, 1989
GuyanaPresentSchotman, 1989

Distribution Maps

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