Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Hovenia dulcis

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Datasheet

Hovenia dulcis

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Hovenia dulcis
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Summary of Invasiveness
  • The following summary is from Witt and Luke (2017):

    Description

    Scented tree (to 10 m tall), rarely a shrub; dec...

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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Hovenia dulcis Thunb.

International Common Names

  • English: japanese raisin
  • French: hovénia à fruits doux

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Quaffbirne; Rosinenbaum, Japanischer

EPPO code

  • HOVDU (Hovenia dulcis)

Summary of Invasiveness

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The following summary is from Witt and Luke (2017):

Description

Scented tree (to 10 m tall), rarely a shrub; deciduous (sheds most of its leaves at the end of the growing season); branchlets smooth, brown-purple

Origin

China, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, Thailand and Vietnam.

Reason for Introduction

Edible food (fruit stalks only), medicine and ornament.

Invades

Roadsides, disturbed areas, forest gaps/edges and regenerating forests.

Impacts

H. dulcis is a fast-growing annual tree species that has escaped cultivation and which is establishing populations in the wild, often to the detriment of biodiversity. In South America, it has invaded forest fragments in different successional stages, including forest edges.

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Rhamnales
  •                         Family: Rhamnaceae
  •                             Genus: Hovenia
  •                                 Species: Hovenia dulcis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 25 Feb 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

TanzaniaPresentIntroducedInvasive

Asia

ChinaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-AnhuiPresent
-GansuPresent
-HebeiPresent
-HenanPresent
-HubeiPresent
-JiangsuPresent
-JiangxiPresent
-ShaanxiPresent
-ShandongPresent
-ShanxiPresent
-SichuanPresent
JapanPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-HokkaidoPresent
-HonshuPresent
-KyushuPresent
-ShikokuPresent
North KoreaPresent
South KoreaPresent
ThailandPresent
VietnamPresent

South America

BrazilPresent
-ParanaPresent

Distribution Maps

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