Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Hoplolaimus pararobustus
(lance nematode)

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Datasheet

Hoplolaimus pararobustus (lance nematode)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 25 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Hoplolaimus pararobustus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • lance nematode
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Nematoda
  •       Family: Hoplolaimidae
  •         Genus: Hoplolaimus
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Hoplolaimus pararobustus (Sch. Stek. & Teun., 1938) Sher in Coomans, 1963

Preferred Common Name

  • lance nematode

Other Scientific Names

  • Gottholdsteineria pararobusta (Sch. Stek. & Teun., 1938) Andrássy, 1958
  • Hoplolaimus angustulatus Whitehead, 1959
  • Hoplolaimus capensis Van den Berg & Heyns, 1970
  • Hoplolaimus casparus Van den Berg & Heyns, 1970
  • Hoplolaimus kittenbergeri Andrássy, 1961
  • Hoplolaimus pararobustus (Sch. Stek. & Teun., 1938) Sher, 1963
  • Hoplolaimus proporicus Goodey, 1957
  • Rotylenchus pararobustus (Sch. Stek. & Teun., 1938) Filipjev & Sch. Stek., 1941
  • Tylenchorhynchus pararobustus Schuurmans Stekhoven & Teunissen, 1938

International Common Names

  • Spanish: nematodo de lanceta

EPPO code

  • HOLLPA (Hoplolaimus pararobustus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Nematoda
  •             Family: Hoplolaimidae
  •                 Genus: Hoplolaimus
  •                     Species: Hoplolaimus pararobustus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Apr 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AngolaPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
Burkina FasoPresentCadet (1986); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
CameroonPresentSakwe and Geraert (1991); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
Congo, Democratic Republic of thePresent, WidespreadCOOMANS (1963); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
Côte d'IvoirePresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EgyptPresent, WidespreadSiddiqi (1974); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
GambiaPresentBridge and Waller (1978); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
GuineaPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
KenyaPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
MadagascarPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
MalawiPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
MozambiquePresentOever and Mangane (1992); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
NamibiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
NigerPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
NigeriaPresentCaveness (1967); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
RéunionPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
RwandaPresentBerg et al. (2003)
São Tomé and PríncipePresentVovlas and Lamberti (1985); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
SenegalPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
South AfricaPresentSiddiqi (1974); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
TanzaniaPresentWhitehead (1959); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
TogoPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
UgandaPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
ZimbabwePresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)

Asia

ChinaPresentLiu and Feng (1995); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
-GuangxiPresentLiu and Feng (1995); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
PakistanPresentMaqbool and Ghazala (1988); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
Sri LankaPresent, LocalizedLarizza et al. (1998); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)

North America

DominicaPresent, WidespreadEdmunds (1969); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
GrenadaPresentEdmunds (1969); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
Saint LuciaPresentHunt (1977); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesPresentHunt (1977); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)

Growth Stages

Top of page Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Roots / necrotic streaks or lesions
Roots / reduced root system

Pathway Vectors

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VectorNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Land vehiclesWith soil. Yes
Soil, sand and gravelWith soil. Yes

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Growing medium accompanying plants adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Roots adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Leaves
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

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ANDRÂSSY I, 1958. Hoplolaimus tylenchiformis Daday, 1905 (Syn. H. coronatus Cobb, 1923) and the genera of the subfamily Hoplolaiminae Filipjev, 1936. (Hoplolaimus tylenchiformis Daday, 1905 (Syn. H. coronatus Cobb, 1923) und die Gattungen der Unterfamilie Hoplolaiminae Filipjev, 1936.) Nematologica, 3(1):44-56.

Andrássy I, 1961. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der ersten ungarischen zoologischen Expedition in Ostafrika. Annales Historico-naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici, 53:281-297.

Baujard P; Martiny B, 1995. Ecology and pathogenicity of the Hoplolaimidae (Nemata) from the sahelian zone of West Africa. 6. Hoplolaimus pararobustus (Schuurmans Stekhoven & Teunissen, 1938) Sher, 1963 and comparison with Hoplolaimus seinhorsti Luc, 1958. Fundamental and Applied Nematology, 18(5):435-444; 19 ref.

Berg Evan den; Marais M; Gaidashova S; Tiedt LR, 2003. Hoplolaimidae Filip'ev, 1934 (Nemata) from Rwandan banana fields. African Plant Protection, 9(1):31-42.

Bridge J; Waller JM, 1978. Report on the visit to Senegal and The Gambia to examine plant diseases and nematodes of vegetable and fruit crops (21 February - 7 March 1978). London, UK: Ministry of Overseas Development.

CABI/EPPO, 2003. Hoplolaimus pararobustus. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, No. 884. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Cadet P, 1986. Study of the development of endoparasitic nematodes in sugarcane roots in Burkhina Faso and the Ivory Coast. Revue d'Ecologie et du Biologie du Sol, 23:287-297.

CAVENESS FE, 1967. Shadehouse host ranges of some Nigerian nematodes. Plant Disease Reporter, 51(1):33-37.

Coomans A, 1963. Observations on the variability of morphological structures in Hoplolaimus pararobustus. Nematologica, 9:241-254.

Edmunds JE, 1969. Plant nematode problems of the Windward Islands. In: Peachey JE, ed. Nematodes of Tropical Crops, Technical Communication No. 40. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 142-148.

Elmiligy IA, 1970. On some Hoplolaiminae from Congo and Egypt. Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen, Rijksuniversiteit Gent, 35:1141-1153.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Goodey JB, 1957. Hoplolaimus proporicus n. sp. (Hoplolaiminae: Tylenchida). Nematologica, 2:108-113.

Hunt DJ, 1977. Plant parasitic nematodes from the Windward Islands. PANS, 23(4):402-411

Larizza A; Lamberti F; Ekanayake HMRK, 1998. The genus Hoplolaimus in Sri Lanka (Nematoda: Tylenchida). Nematologia Mediterranea, 26(1):79-86; 9 ref.

Liu ZM; Feng ZX, 1995. Six new records of plant parasitic nematodes in China. Journal of Guanxi Agricultural University, 14:121-124.

Maqbool MA; Ghazala P, 1988. Observation on some known species of Hoplolaimus Von Daday, 1905 (Nemata: Hoplolaimidae) from Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Nematology, 6:1-7.

Oever HAM van den; Mangane SE, 1992. Survey of nematodes on various crops in Mozambique. Afro-Asian Journal of Nematology, 2(1-2):74-79.

Price NS, 1994. Alternate cropping in the management of Radopholus similis and Cosmopolites sordidus, two important pests of banana and plantain. International Journal of Pest Management, 40(3):237-244

Saka VW; Siddiqi MA, 1979. Plant-parasitic nematodes associated with plants in Malawi. Plant Disease Reporter, 63(11):945-948

Sakwe PN; Geraert E, 1991. Some plant parasitic nematodes from Cameroon with a description of Criconemella pelerentsi sp. n. (Tylenchida: Criconematidae). Nematologica, 37(3):263-274; 30 ref.

Sarr T; Baujard P, 1988. Sensitivity of three varieties of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) to nematodes in the Sahelian zone of Senegal. Revue de Ne^acute~matologie, 11(4):451-452; 5 ref.

Schotman CYL, 1989. Plant pests of quarantine importance to the Caribbean. RLAC-PROVEG, No. 21:80 pp.

Schuurmans Stekhoven JH; Teunissen RJH, 1938. Nématodes libres terrestres. Fasc. 22, Mission de Witte (1933-35). Exploration du Parc National Albert. Brussels, Begium: Institut des Parcs nationaux du Congo Belge.

Sher SA, 1963. Revision of the Hoplolaiminae (Nematoda) II. Hoplolaimus Daday, 1905 and Aorolaimus n. gen. Nematologica, 9:267-295.

Siddiqi MR, 1974. Hoplolaimus pararobustus. CIH Descriptions of Plant-parasitic Nematodes, Set 3, No. 33. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Van den Berg E; Heyns J, 1970. South African Hoplolaiminae. 1. The genus Hoplolaimus Daday, 1905. Phytophylactica, 2:221-226.

Vilardebo A; Guerout R, 1976. Nematode species in West Africa, Madagascar and Reunion, with some comments on their biology. Nematropica, 6(2):53-54

Vovlas N; Lamberti L, 1985. Observations on the morphology and histopathology of Hoplolaimus pararobustus attacking coffee in Sao Tome. Nematologia Mediterranea, 13:73-80.

Whitehead AG, 1959. Hoplolaimus angustulatus n. sp. (Hoplolaiminae: Tylenchida). Nematologica, 4:99-105.

Distribution References

Berg E van den, Marais M, Gaidashova S, Tiedt L R, 2003. Hoplolaimidae Filip'ev, 1934 (Nemata) from Rwandan banana fields. African Plant Protection. 9 (1), 31-42.

Bridge J, Waller J M, 1978. Report on the visit to Senegal and The Gambia to examine plant diseases and nematodes of vegetable and fruit crops (21 February - 7 March 1978). In: Report on the visit to Senegal and The Gambia to examine plant diseases and nematodes of vegetable and fruit crops (21 February - 7 March 1978). London: Ministry of Overseas Development. UK: v + 29 pp.

CABI, EPPO, 2003. Hoplolaimus pararobustus. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 884.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Cadet P, 1986. Study of the development of endoparasitic nematodes in sugarcane roots in Burkina Faso and the Ivory Coast. Revue d'Écologie et de Biologie du Sol. 23 (3), 287-297.

Caveness F E, 1967. Shadehouse host ranges of some Nigerian nematodes. Plant Disease Reporter. 51 (1), 33-37.

COOMANS A, 1963. Observations on the variability of morphological structures in Hoplolaimus pararobustus. Nematologica. 9 (2), 241-254.

Edmunds J E, 1969. Plant nematode problems of the Windward Islands. In: Nematodes of tropical crops, [ed. by Peachey J E]. 142-148 pp.

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO.

Hunt D J, 1977. Plant parasitic nematodes from the Windward Islands. PANS. 23 (4), 402-411.

Larizza A, Lamberti F, Ekanayake H M R K, 1998. The genus Hoplolaimus in Sri Lanka (Nematoda: Tylenchida). Nematologia Mediterranea. 26 (1), 79-86.

Liu Z M, Feng Z X, 1995. Six new records of plant nematodes in China. Journal of Guanxi Agricultural University. 14 (2), 121-124.

Maqbool M A, Ghazala P, 1988. Observation on some known species of Hoplolaimus von Daday, 1905 (Nemata:Hoplolaimidae) from Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Nematology. 6 (1), 1-7.

Oever H A M v d, Mangane S E, 1992. A survey of nematodes on various crops in Mozambique. Afro-Asian Journal of Nematology. 2 (1-2), 74-79.

Sakwe P N, Geraert E, 1991. Some plant parasitic nematodes from Cameroon with a description of Criconemella pelerentsi sp. n. (Tylenchida: Criconematidae). Nematologica. 37 (3), 263-274.

Siddiqi M R, 1974. Hoplolaimus pararobustus. C.I.H. Descriptions of Plant-parasitic Nematodes. Set 3 (No. 33), 3 pp.

Vovlas N, Lamberti F, 1985. Observations on the morphology and histopathology of Hoplolaimus pararobustus attacking coffee in Sao Tomé. Nematologia Mediterranea. 13 (1), 73-80.

Whitehead AG, 1959. Hoplolaimus angustulatus n. sp. (Hoplolaiminae: Tylenchida). In: Nematologica, 4 99-105.

Distribution Maps

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