Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Hoplolaimus pararobustus
(lance nematode)

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Datasheet

Hoplolaimus pararobustus (lance nematode)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 25 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Hoplolaimus pararobustus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • lance nematode
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Nematoda
  •       Family: Hoplolaimidae
  •         Genus: Hoplolaimus
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Hoplolaimus pararobustus (Sch. Stek. & Teun., 1938) Sher in Coomans, 1963

Preferred Common Name

  • lance nematode

Other Scientific Names

  • Gottholdsteineria pararobusta (Sch. Stek. & Teun., 1938) Andrássy, 1958
  • Hoplolaimus angustulatus Whitehead, 1959
  • Hoplolaimus capensis Van den Berg & Heyns, 1970
  • Hoplolaimus casparus Van den Berg & Heyns, 1970
  • Hoplolaimus kittenbergeri Andrássy, 1961
  • Hoplolaimus pararobustus (Sch. Stek. & Teun., 1938) Sher, 1963
  • Hoplolaimus proporicus Goodey, 1957
  • Rotylenchus pararobustus (Sch. Stek. & Teun., 1938) Filipjev & Sch. Stek., 1941
  • Tylenchorhynchus pararobustus Schuurmans Stekhoven & Teunissen, 1938

International Common Names

  • Spanish: nematodo de lanceta

EPPO code

  • HOLLPA (Hoplolaimus pararobustus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Nematoda
  •             Family: Hoplolaimidae
  •                 Genus: Hoplolaimus
  •                     Species: Hoplolaimus pararobustus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 30 Jun 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AngolaPresent, Widespread
Burkina FasoPresent
CameroonPresent
Congo, Democratic Republic of thePresent, Widespread
Côte d'IvoirePresent
EgyptPresent, Widespread
GabonPresent
GambiaPresent
GhanaPresent
GuineaPresent
KenyaPresent
MadagascarPresent
MalawiPresent
MozambiquePresent
NamibiaPresent
NigerPresent
NigeriaPresent
RéunionPresent
RwandaPresent
São Tomé and PríncipePresent
SenegalPresent
South AfricaPresent
TanzaniaPresent
TogoPresent
UgandaPresent
ZimbabwePresent

Asia

ChinaPresent
-GuangxiPresent
PakistanPresent
Sri LankaPresent, Localized

North America

DominicaPresent, Widespread
GrenadaPresent
Saint LuciaPresent
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesPresent

Growth Stages

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Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Roots / necrotic streaks or lesions
Roots / reduced root system

Pathway Vectors

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VectorNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Land vehiclesWith soil. Yes
Soil, sand and gravelWith soil. Yes

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Growing medium accompanying plants adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Roots adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Leaves
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

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ANDRÂSSY I, 1958. Hoplolaimus tylenchiformis Daday, 1905 (Syn. H. coronatus Cobb, 1923) and the genera of the subfamily Hoplolaiminae Filipjev, 1936. (Hoplolaimus tylenchiformis Daday, 1905 (Syn. H. coronatus Cobb, 1923) und die Gattungen der Unterfamilie Hoplolaiminae Filipjev, 1936.) Nematologica, 3(1):44-56.

Andrássy I, 1961. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der ersten ungarischen zoologischen Expedition in Ostafrika. Annales Historico-naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici, 53:281-297.

Baujard P; Martiny B, 1995. Ecology and pathogenicity of the Hoplolaimidae (Nemata) from the sahelian zone of West Africa. 6. Hoplolaimus pararobustus (Schuurmans Stekhoven & Teunissen, 1938) Sher, 1963 and comparison with Hoplolaimus seinhorsti Luc, 1958. Fundamental and Applied Nematology, 18(5):435-444; 19 ref.

Berg Evan den; Marais M; Gaidashova S; Tiedt LR, 2003. Hoplolaimidae Filip'ev, 1934 (Nemata) from Rwandan banana fields. African Plant Protection, 9(1):31-42.

Bridge J; Waller JM, 1978. Report on the visit to Senegal and The Gambia to examine plant diseases and nematodes of vegetable and fruit crops (21 February - 7 March 1978). London, UK: Ministry of Overseas Development.

CABI/EPPO, 2003. Hoplolaimus pararobustus. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, No. 884. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Cadet P, 1986. Study of the development of endoparasitic nematodes in sugarcane roots in Burkhina Faso and the Ivory Coast. Revue d'Ecologie et du Biologie du Sol, 23:287-297.

CAVENESS FE, 1967. Shadehouse host ranges of some Nigerian nematodes. Plant Disease Reporter, 51(1):33-37.

Coomans A, 1963. Observations on the variability of morphological structures in Hoplolaimus pararobustus. Nematologica, 9:241-254.

Edmunds JE, 1969. Plant nematode problems of the Windward Islands. In: Peachey JE, ed. Nematodes of Tropical Crops, Technical Communication No. 40. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 142-148.

Elmiligy IA, 1970. On some Hoplolaiminae from Congo and Egypt. Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen, Rijksuniversiteit Gent, 35:1141-1153.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Goodey JB, 1957. Hoplolaimus proporicus n. sp. (Hoplolaiminae: Tylenchida). Nematologica, 2:108-113.

Hunt DJ, 1977. Plant parasitic nematodes from the Windward Islands. PANS, 23(4):402-411

Larizza A; Lamberti F; Ekanayake HMRK, 1998. The genus Hoplolaimus in Sri Lanka (Nematoda: Tylenchida). Nematologia Mediterranea, 26(1):79-86; 9 ref.

Liu ZM; Feng ZX, 1995. Six new records of plant parasitic nematodes in China. Journal of Guanxi Agricultural University, 14:121-124.

Maqbool MA; Ghazala P, 1988. Observation on some known species of Hoplolaimus Von Daday, 1905 (Nemata: Hoplolaimidae) from Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Nematology, 6:1-7.

Oever HAM van den; Mangane SE, 1992. Survey of nematodes on various crops in Mozambique. Afro-Asian Journal of Nematology, 2(1-2):74-79.

Price NS, 1994. Alternate cropping in the management of Radopholus similis and Cosmopolites sordidus, two important pests of banana and plantain. International Journal of Pest Management, 40(3):237-244

Saka VW; Siddiqi MA, 1979. Plant-parasitic nematodes associated with plants in Malawi. Plant Disease Reporter, 63(11):945-948

Sakwe PN; Geraert E, 1991. Some plant parasitic nematodes from Cameroon with a description of Criconemella pelerentsi sp. n. (Tylenchida: Criconematidae). Nematologica, 37(3):263-274; 30 ref.

Sarr T; Baujard P, 1988. Sensitivity of three varieties of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) to nematodes in the Sahelian zone of Senegal. Revue de Ne^acute~matologie, 11(4):451-452; 5 ref.

Schotman CYL, 1989. Plant pests of quarantine importance to the Caribbean. RLAC-PROVEG, No. 21:80 pp.

Schuurmans Stekhoven JH; Teunissen RJH, 1938. Nématodes libres terrestres. Fasc. 22, Mission de Witte (1933-35). Exploration du Parc National Albert. Brussels, Begium: Institut des Parcs nationaux du Congo Belge.

Sher SA, 1963. Revision of the Hoplolaiminae (Nematoda) II. Hoplolaimus Daday, 1905 and Aorolaimus n. gen. Nematologica, 9:267-295.

Siddiqi MR, 1974. Hoplolaimus pararobustus. CIH Descriptions of Plant-parasitic Nematodes, Set 3, No. 33. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Van den Berg E; Heyns J, 1970. South African Hoplolaiminae. 1. The genus Hoplolaimus Daday, 1905. Phytophylactica, 2:221-226.

Vilardebo A; Guerout R, 1976. Nematode species in West Africa, Madagascar and Reunion, with some comments on their biology. Nematropica, 6(2):53-54

Vovlas N; Lamberti L, 1985. Observations on the morphology and histopathology of Hoplolaimus pararobustus attacking coffee in Sao Tome. Nematologia Mediterranea, 13:73-80.

Whitehead AG, 1959. Hoplolaimus angustulatus n. sp. (Hoplolaiminae: Tylenchida). Nematologica, 4:99-105.

Distribution References

Amponsah N T, Nutsugah S K, 2010. Nematodes associated with soils and roots of field crops in northern Ghana. Pakistan Journal of Nematology. 28 (1), 65-73.

Berg E van den, Marais M, Gaidashova S, Tiedt L R, 2003. Hoplolaimidae Filip'ev, 1934 (Nemata) from Rwandan banana fields. African Plant Protection. 9 (1), 31-42.

Bridge J, Waller J M, 1978. Report on the visit to Senegal and The Gambia to examine plant diseases and nematodes of vegetable and fruit crops (21 February - 7 March 1978). In: Report on the visit to Senegal and The Gambia to examine plant diseases and nematodes of vegetable and fruit crops (21 February - 7 March 1978). London: Ministry of Overseas Development. UK: v + 29 pp.

CABI, EPPO, 2003. Hoplolaimus pararobustus. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 884. DOI:10.1079/DMPD/20066500884

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Cadet P, 1986. Study of the development of endoparasitic nematodes in sugarcane roots in Burkina Faso and the Ivory Coast. Revue d'Écologie et de Biologie du Sol. 23 (3), 287-297.

Caveness F E, 1967. Shadehouse host ranges of some Nigerian nematodes. Plant Disease Reporter. 51 (1), 33-37.

COOMANS A, 1963. Observations on the variability of morphological structures in Hoplolaimus pararobustus. Nematologica. 9 (2), 241-254.

Daramola F Y, Afolami S O, Idowu A A, Nwanguma E I, 2013. Studies on the occurrence and distribution of plant-parasitic nematodes in some pineapple-producing states in Nigeria. Asian Journal of Crop Science. 5 (2), 190-199. http://scialert.net/fulltext/?doi=ajcs.2013.190.199&org=11

Daramola F, Afolami S, 2014. Studies on the distribution of plant-parasitic nematodes associated with pineapple in Delta, Imo and Cross River states of Nigeria. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. 8 (7), 248-256. http://ajbasweb.com/old/ajbas/2014/May/248-256-May14.pdf

Edmunds J E, 1969. Plant nematode problems of the Windward Islands. In: Nematodes of tropical crops, [ed. by Peachey J E]. 142-148 pp.

EPPO, 2021. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO. https://gd.eppo.int/

Hunt D J, 1977. Plant parasitic nematodes from the Windward Islands. PANS. 23 (4), 402-411.

Kleynhans K P N, Berg E van den, Swart A, Marais M, Buckley N H, 1996. Plant nematodes in South Africa. [ed. by Kleynhans K P N, Berg E van den, Swart A, Marais M, Buckley N H]. Pretoria, South Africa: ARC - Plant Protection Research Institute. 165 pp.

Larizza A, Lamberti F, Ekanayake H M R K, 1998. The genus Hoplolaimus in Sri Lanka (Nematoda: Tylenchida). Nematologia Mediterranea. 26 (1), 79-86.

Liu Z M, Feng Z X, 1995. Six new records of plant nematodes in China. Journal of Guanxi Agricultural University. 14 (2), 121-124.

Loubana P M, Sarah J L, Sakwe P, Mavoungou J F, Gnonhouri P, Boisseau M, Foure E, 2007. Study of the genetic diversity of plant parasitic nematodes on bananas and plantains in Central and West Africa. In: 8th African Crop Science Society Conference, El-Minia, Egypt, 27-31 October 2007 [8th African Crop Science Society Conference, El-Minia, Egypt, 27-31 October 2007.], [ed. by Ahmed K Z]. El-Minia, Egypt: African Crop Science Society. 783-786.

Maqbool M A, Ghazala P, 1988. Observation on some known species of Hoplolaimus von Daday, 1905 (Nemata:Hoplolaimidae) from Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Nematology. 6 (1), 1-7.

Oever H A M v d, Mangane S E, 1992. A survey of nematodes on various crops in Mozambique. Afro-Asian Journal of Nematology. 2 (1-2), 74-79.

Sakwe P N, Geraert E, 1991. Some plant parasitic nematodes from Cameroon with a description of Criconemella pelerentsi sp. n. (Tylenchida: Criconematidae). Nematologica. 37 (3), 263-274.

Siddiqi M R, 1974. Hoplolaimus pararobustus. C.I.H. Descriptions of Plant-parasitic Nematodes. Set 3 (No. 33), 3 pp.

Vovlas N, Lamberti F, 1985. Observations on the morphology and histopathology of Hoplolaimus pararobustus attacking coffee in Sao Tomé. Nematologia Mediterranea. 13 (1), 73-80.

Whitehead AG, 1959. Hoplolaimus angustulatus n. sp. (Hoplolaiminae: Tylenchida). In: Nematologica, 4 99-105.

Distribution Maps

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