Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Hellula undalis
(cabbage webworm)

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Datasheet

Hellula undalis (cabbage webworm)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 03 December 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Hellula undalis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • cabbage webworm
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Adults greyish-brown with pale dusky hindwings; each forewing has a prominent black spot and zigzagging, light brown lines, central band between lines sometimes filled with darker brown scales. Wings ca 12.5 mm long in males, 14.5 mm in females.
TitleAdult
CaptionAdults greyish-brown with pale dusky hindwings; each forewing has a prominent black spot and zigzagging, light brown lines, central band between lines sometimes filled with darker brown scales. Wings ca 12.5 mm long in males, 14.5 mm in females.
Copyright©David Agassiz
Adults greyish-brown with pale dusky hindwings; each forewing has a prominent black spot and zigzagging, light brown lines, central band between lines sometimes filled with darker brown scales. Wings ca 12.5 mm long in males, 14.5 mm in females.
AdultAdults greyish-brown with pale dusky hindwings; each forewing has a prominent black spot and zigzagging, light brown lines, central band between lines sometimes filled with darker brown scales. Wings ca 12.5 mm long in males, 14.5 mm in females.©David Agassiz
H. undalis larva on brassica leaf.
TitleLarva
CaptionH. undalis larva on brassica leaf.
CopyrightMerle Shepard/Coastal Research & Education Center, Charleston, USA
H. undalis larva on brassica leaf.
LarvaH. undalis larva on brassica leaf.Merle Shepard/Coastal Research & Education Center, Charleston, USA

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Hellula undalis (Fabricius)

Preferred Common Name

  • cabbage webworm

Other Scientific Names

  • Evergestis occidentalis de Joannis
  • Oebia undalis (Fabricius)

International Common Names

  • English: cabbage borer; cabbage centre grub; cabbage, webworm; cabbage, webworm, imported; cauliflower head borer; old world webworm; oriental cabbage webworm; striped cabbage heart caterpillar
  • French: pyrale des cruciferes; pyrale du chou

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Zuensler, Suedeuropaeischer Kruziferen-
  • Japan: Daikon-sinkuimusi
  • Netherlands: Koolhartrups, gestreepte

EPPO code

  • HLULUN (Hellula undalis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Crambidae
  •                             Genus: Hellula
  •                                 Species: Hellula undalis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
BeninPresentLicciardi et al. (2007)
Cabo VerdePresentUK, CAB International (1981)
CameroonPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
Congo, Democratic Republic of thePresentWalangululu and Mushagalusa (2000)
EgyptPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
EthiopiaPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
GhanaPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
KenyaPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
LibyaPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
MadagascarPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
MalawiPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
MauritaniaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: IRAT, 1983
MauritiusPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
MoroccoPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
MozambiquePresentUK, CAB International (1981)
NamibiaPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
NigeriaPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
Saint HelenaPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
SenegalPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
SeychellesPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
SomaliaPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
South AfricaPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
SudanPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
TanzaniaPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
TogoPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Dreyer, 1987
TunisiaPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
ZambiaPresentKuntashula et al. (2006)
ZimbabwePresentUK, CAB International (1981)

Asia

BruneiPresentWaterhouse (1993)
CambodiaPresentWaterhouse (1993)
ChinaPresentAPPPC (1987)
-JiangsuPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
-YunnanPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
-ZhejiangPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
Hong KongPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
IndiaPresentAPPPC (1987)
-Andhra PradeshPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
-BiharPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
-DelhiPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
-HaryanaPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
-KarnatakaPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
-Madhya PradeshPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
-MaharashtraPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
-MeghalayaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Patil & Pokharker, 1979
-OdishaPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
-RajasthanPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
IndonesiaPresentUK, CAB International (1981); Waterhouse (1993)
IranPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
IraqPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
JapanPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-HonshuPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
-KyushuPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
LaosPresentWaterhouse (1993)
LebanonPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
MalaysiaPresentWaterhouse (1993)
-SabahPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
-SarawakPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
MyanmarPresentUK, CAB International (1981); Waterhouse (1993)
PakistanPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
PhilippinesPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
Saudi ArabiaPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
SingaporePresentUK, CAB International (1981); Waterhouse (1993)
Sri LankaPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
TaiwanPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
ThailandPresentUK, CAB International (1981); Waterhouse (1993)
TurkeyPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
VietnamPresentUK, CAB International (1981); Waterhouse (1993)
YemenPresentUK, CAB International (1981)

Europe

AustriaPresent, Few occurrencesRazowski and Karsholt (1996)
CyprusPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
CzechoslovakiaPresent, Few occurrencesRazowski and Karsholt (1996)
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresentRazowski and Karsholt (1996)
DenmarkPresentBuhl et al. (2000)
FrancePresentUK, CAB International (1981)
GermanyPresent, Few occurrencesRazowski and Karsholt (1996)
GreecePresentUK, CAB International (1981)
IrelandPresent, Few occurrencesRazowski and Karsholt (1996)
ItalyPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
LuxembourgPresentRazowski and Karsholt (1996)
MaltaPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
PortugalPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
RomaniaPresentRazowski and Karsholt (1996)
RussiaPresentPoltavsky and Ilyina (2016)
SlovakiaPresentRazowski and Karsholt (1996)
SpainPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
-Canary IslandsPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
SwitzerlandPresent, Few occurrencesRazowski and Karsholt (1996)

North America

United StatesPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-HawaiiPresentUK, CAB International (1981)

Oceania

AustraliaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-New South WalesPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
-Northern TerritoryPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
-QueenslandPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
-South AustraliaPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
-VictoriaPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
-Western AustraliaPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
Cook IslandsPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
FijiPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
GuamPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
New CaledoniaPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
New ZealandPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
Papua New GuineaPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
Solomon IslandsPresentMacfarlane (1982)
TongaPresentMacfarlane (1982)

South America

PeruPresentRazuri and Hinostroza (1974)

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Growing point / external feeding
Inflorescence / wilt
Leaves / external feeding
Leaves / internal feeding
Leaves / webbing
Stems / internal feeding
Stems / internal feeding
Whole plant / dead heart
Whole plant / wilt

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Agathis (Braconidae) Parasite Larvae
Apanteles Parasite Larvae
Apanteles hellulae Parasite Larvae
Apanteles saegeri Parasite Larvae
Atanycolus Parasite Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis
Bacillus thuringiensis thuringiensis Pathogen Larvae
Bracon gelechiae Parasite Larvae
Bracon hebetor Parasite Larvae
Casinaria infesta Parasite Larvae
Diadegma Parasite Larvae
Diadegma insulare
Microchelonus blackburni Parasite Eggs/Larvae
Misumenops tricuspidatus Predator Larvae
Neoscona doenitzi Predator Larvae
Nucleopolyhedrosis virus Pathogen Larvae
Pristomerus hawaiiensis Parasite Larvae
Serratia marcescens Pathogen
Trathala flavoorbitalis Parasite Larvae
Trichogramma minutum Parasite Eggs
Venturia Parasite Larvae

References

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APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Arai K, Ando T, Sakurai A, Yamada H, Koshihara T, Takahashi N, 1982. Identification of the female sex pheromone of the cabbage webworm. Agricultural and Biological Chemistry, 46(9):2395-2397

AVRDC, 1987. Screening Chinese cabbage accessions for resistance to cabbage webworm. Progress report, 1985, 19-23. Shanhua, Taiwan:Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center.

Buhl O, Falck P, Jørgensen B, Karsholt O, Larsen K, Vilhelmsen F, 2000. Records of Microlepidoptera from Denmark in 1999 (Lepidoptera). (Fund af smasommerfugle fra Danmark i 1999 (Lepidoptera).) Entomologiske Meddelelser, 68(4):121-131.

Dreyer M, 1987. Field and laboratory trials with simple neem products as protectants against pests of vegetables and field crops in Togo. Natural pesticides from the neem tree (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) and other tropical plants. In: Schmutterer R, Ascher KRS, eds. Proceedings of the 3rd International Neem Conference, Nairobi, Kenya, 10-15 July, 1986. Eschborn, German Federal Republic; Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit, 431-447.

Dreyer M, 1987. Field and laboratory trials with simple neem products as protectants against pests of vegetables and field crops in Togo. Natural pesticides from the neem tree (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) and other tropical plants. In: Schmutterer R, Ascher KRS, eds. Proceedings of the 3rd International Neem Conference, Nairobi, Kenya, 10-15 July, 1986. Eschborn, German Federal Republic; Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit, 431-447.

El-Sherif SI, Kira MT, Fouad SH, 1976. Effect of host plant on the biology of the cabbage web-worm, Hellula undalis Fabricius. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Bulletin of the Entomological Society of Egypt, No. 60:413-420

Goater B, 1986. British pyralid moths. A guide to their identification. British pyralid moths. A guide to their identification., 175pp.; [8 col. pl., 12 fig., 22x16 cm].

IRAT, 1982. Annual Report, 1982. Paris, France: Institut de Recherches Agronomiques Tropicales et des Cultures Vivrieres.

Krishnaia PV, Bhaskaran P, 1988. Efficacy of malathion and its combinations with dicofol, zineb and urea in controlling major insect pests of cabbage and brinjal. Pesticides, 22(12):49-52

Kuntashula E, Sileshi G, Mafongoya PL, Banda J, 2006. Farmer participatory evaluation of the potential for organic vegetable production in the wetlands of Zambia. Outlook on Agriculture, 35(4):299-305. http://www.ippublishing.com

Labh Singh, Harjapinder Singh, Brar JS, 1990. Biology of head borer, Hellula undalis Fab. on cauliflower. Journal of Insect Science, 3(1):72-76

Lal OP, Gill HS, Sharma SR, Singh R, 1991. Field resistance in different cultivars of cauliflower against head borer, Hellula undalis Fabricus (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Journal of Entomological Research, 15(4):277-281

Licciardi S, Assogba-Komlan F, Sidick I, Chandre F, Hougard JM, Martin T, 2007. A temporary tunnel screen as an eco-friendly method for small-scale farmers to protect cabbage crops in Benin. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 27(3/4):152-158. http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=1662312&fulltextType=RA&fileId=S1742758407883184

Macfarlane R, 1982. Solomon Islands: cabbage, sweet potato and sweet pepper. Quarterly Newsletter, FAO Plant Protection Committee for the South East Asia and Pacific Region, 25(2):13

Ong KH, Ng BB, 1988. Field efficacy of teflubenzuron against diamondback moth and webworm. Singapore Journal of Primary Industries, 16(1):66-75

Patil SP, Pokharkar RN, 1979. Some new records of insect pests infesting cruciferous vegetable crops in Maharashtra State. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities, 4(2):222-223

Peter C, Balasubramanian R, Prasad VG, 1987. Studies on the biology of the cabbage borer Hellula undalis Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in Karnataka. Mysore Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 21(3):309-312

Poltavsky AN, Ilyina EV, 2016. New records to the Pyraloidea fauna of the Republic of Daghestan (Russia) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae, Pyralidae). SHILAP Revista de Lepidopterología, 44(175):447-454.

Rao SV, Ali MH, Azam KM, 1979. Insecticidal control of cabbage borer, Hellula undalis. Indian Journal of Plant Protection, 7(1):27-32

Razowski J, Karsholt O (eds), 1996. A distributional checklist of European Lepidoptera. Stenstrup: Apollo Books.

Razuri V, Hinostroza F, 1974. Biology and behaviour of the cabbage webworm Hellula undalis Fab. (Lep.: Pyralidae). Revista Peruana de Entomologia, 17(1):69-73

Sachan JN, Srivastava BP, 1975. Studies on the insect pests of cabbage II. Insecticidal control. Indian Journal of Entomology, 37(4):344-352

Srihari D, Satyanarayana M, 1992. Evaluation of some exotic cabbage F1 hybrids and cultivars. South Indian Horticulture, 40:28-33.

Sumalatha V, Rao PK, Chitra KC, 1992. Effect of diflubenzuron on the developmental stages of cabbage borer, Hellula undalis Fab. Journal of Insect Science, 5(1):23-26

UK CAB International, 1981. Hellula undalis. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, December. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, Map 427.

Walangululu JM, Mushagalusa GN, 2000. The major pests of cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata subs sabouda) in Bukavu and around. (Les principaux ravageurs des choux pommés (Brassica oleracea var capitata subs sabouda) à Bukavu et ses environs.) Tropicultura, 18(2):55-57.

Waterhouse DF, 1993. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. ACIAR Monograph No. 21. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp.

Waterhouse DF, Norris KR, 1989. Biological control: Pacific prospects: supplement. Canberra, Australia; Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR), vii + 123 pp.; hardb

YabaS C, Zeren O, 1992. Studies on the chemical control of Hellula undalis F. in the eastern Mediterranean region. Proceedings of the Second Turkish National Congress of Entomology, 335-341; 11 ref.

Yamada H, 1981. Seasonal life history of cabbage webworm, Hellula undalis Fabricius. Bulletin of the Vegetable and Ornamental Crops Research Station, Japan, A, No. 8:131-141

Zimmerman EC, 1958. Insects of Hawaii. Volume 8. Honolulu, Hawaii.

Distribution References

Anon, 1996. A distributional checklist of European Lepidoptera., [ed. by Razowski J, Karsholt O]. Stenstrup, Apollo Books.

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. In: Technical Document No. 135, Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Buhl O, Falck P, Jørgensen B, Karsholt O, Larsen K, Vilhelmsen F, 2000. Records of Microlepidoptera from Denmark in 1999 (Lepidoptera). (Fund af smǻsommerfugle fra Danmark i 1999 (Lepidoptera).). Entomologiske Meddelelser. 68 (4), 121-131.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Kuntashula E, Sileshi G, Mafongoya P L, Banda J, 2006. Farmer participatory evaluation of the potential for organic vegetable production in the wetlands of Zambia. Outlook on Agriculture. 35 (4), 299-305. http://www.ippublishing.com

Licciardi S, Assogba-Komlan F, Sidick I, Chandre F, Hougard J M, Martin T, 2007. A temporary tunnel screen as an eco-friendly method for small-scale farmers to protect cabbage crops in Benin. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science. 27 (3/4), 152-158. http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=1662312&fulltextType=RA&fileId=S1742758407883184 DOI:10.1017/S1742758407883184

Macfarlane R, 1982. Solomon Islands: cabbage, sweet potato and sweet pepper. Quarterly Newsletter, FAO Plant Protection Committee for the South East Asia and Pacific Region. 25 (2), 13.

Poltavsky A N, Ilyina E V, 2016. New records to the Pyraloidea fauna of the Republic of Daghestan (Russia) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae, Pyralidae). SHILAP Revista de Lepidopterología. 44 (175), 447-454.

Razuri V, Hinostroza F, 1974. Biology and behaviour of the cabbage webworm Hellula undalis Fab. (Lep.: Pyralidae). (Biologia y comportamiento del gusano del brote de la col Hellula undalis Fab. (Lep.: Pyralidae).). Revista Peruana de Entomologia. 17 (1), 69-73.

UK, CAB International, 1981. Hellula undalis. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 427.

Walangululu J M, Mushagalusa G N, 2000. The major pests of cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata subs sabouda) in Bukavu and around. (Les principaux ravageurs des choux pommés (Brassica oleracea var capitata subs sabouda) à Bukavu et ses environs.). Tropicultura. 18 (2), 55-57.

Waterhouse D F, 1993. The major arthropod pests and weeds of agriculture in Southeast Asia. Canberra, Australia: ACIAR. v + 141 pp.

Distribution Maps

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