Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Hippophae rhamnoides
(sea buckthorn)

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Datasheet

Hippophae rhamnoides (sea buckthorn)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Hippophae rhamnoides
  • Preferred Common Name
  • sea buckthorn
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Boundary, barrier or support
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Land reclamation
  • Revegetation

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Foliage of H. rhamnoides planted as an ornamental, Oxfordshire, UK.
TitleFoliage
CaptionFoliage of H. rhamnoides planted as an ornamental, Oxfordshire, UK.
Copyright©A.R. Pittaway
Foliage of H. rhamnoides planted as an ornamental, Oxfordshire, UK.
FoliageFoliage of H. rhamnoides planted as an ornamental, Oxfordshire, UK.©A.R. Pittaway
Hippophae rhamnoides: juvenile tree
TitleHabit
CaptionHippophae rhamnoides: juvenile tree
CopyrightZhao Hanzhang
Hippophae rhamnoides: juvenile tree
HabitHippophae rhamnoides: juvenile tree Zhao Hanzhang
Hippophae rhamnoides: juvenile stand.
TitleHabit
CaptionHippophae rhamnoides: juvenile stand.
CopyrightZhao Hanzhang
Hippophae rhamnoides: juvenile stand.
HabitHippophae rhamnoides: juvenile stand.Zhao Hanzhang
Hippophae rhamnoides forest planted in the Chinese Loess Plateau.
TitleHabit
CaptionHippophae rhamnoides forest planted in the Chinese Loess Plateau.
CopyrightZhao Hanzhang
Hippophae rhamnoides forest planted in the Chinese Loess Plateau.
HabitHippophae rhamnoides forest planted in the Chinese Loess Plateau.Zhao Hanzhang
Hippophae rhamnoides mixed with poplars in Gansu, China.
TitleHabit
CaptionHippophae rhamnoides mixed with poplars in Gansu, China.
CopyrightZhao Hanzhang
Hippophae rhamnoides mixed with poplars in Gansu, China.
HabitHippophae rhamnoides mixed with poplars in Gansu, China.Zhao Hanzhang
Hippophae rhamnoides: abundant ripe fruit.
TitleFruit
CaptionHippophae rhamnoides: abundant ripe fruit.
CopyrightZhao Hanzhang
Hippophae rhamnoides: abundant ripe fruit.
FruitHippophae rhamnoides: abundant ripe fruit.Zhao Hanzhang
Hippophae rhamnoides: close-up of mature fruit.
TitleFruit
CaptionHippophae rhamnoides: close-up of mature fruit.
CopyrightZhao Hanzhang
Hippophae rhamnoides: close-up of mature fruit.
FruitHippophae rhamnoides: close-up of mature fruit.Zhao Hanzhang

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Hippophae rhamnoides L.

Preferred Common Name

  • sea buckthorn

Other Scientific Names

  • Elaeagnus rhamnoides (L.) A. Nelson
  • Hippophae angustifolia Lodd.
  • Hippophae littoralis Salisb.
  • Hippophae rhamnoideum Saint-Lager
  • Hippophae sibirica Lodd.
  • Hippophae stourdziana Szabó
  • Osyris rhamnoides Scop.
  • Rhamnoides hippophae Moench

International Common Names

  • English: sallow thorn
  • Spanish: espino armarillo; espino falso
  • French: argasse; argousier; grisset

Local Common Names

  • : obleipikha
  • : seaberry
  • Germany: Sanddorn, Gemeiner
  • Italy: garra; olivello spinoso; spino merlo
  • Netherlands: duindoorn
  • Russian Federation: Siberian pineapple

EPPO code

  • HIORH (Hippophae rhamnoides)

Subspecies

  • Hippophae rhamnoides subsp. carpatica
  • Hippophae rhamnoides subsp. fluviatilis
  • Hippophae rhamnoides subsp. gyantsensis
  • Hippophae rhamnoides subsp. mongolica
  • Hippophae rhamnoides subsp. rhamnoides
  • Hippophae rhamnoides subsp. sinensis
  • Hippophae rhamnoides subsp. turkestanica
  • Hippophae rhamnoides subsp. yunnanensis

Trade name

  • sea buckthorn

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Elaeagnales
  •                         Family: Elaeagnaceae
  •                             Genus: Hippophae
  •                                 Species: Hippophae rhamnoides

Plant Type

Top of page Shrub

Uses List

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Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed

Environmental

  • Boundary, barrier or support
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Land reclamation
  • Revegetation
  • Shade and shelter
  • Soil improvement
  • Windbreak

Fuels

  • Fuelwood

Human food and beverage

  • Fruits

Materials

  • Cosmetics
  • Essential oils
  • Miscellaneous materials
  • Oils

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Cosmetic
  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Traditional/folklore
  • Veterinary

Ornamental

  • Christmas tree
  • Cut flower
  • garden plant
  • Potted plant
  • Propagation material
  • Seed trade

Wood Products

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Wood-based materials

  • Fibreboard