Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Hibiscus rosa-sinensis



Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose)


  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • China-rose
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae

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Copyright©A.R. Pittaway
FlowersFlowers.©A.R. Pittaway


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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.

Preferred Common Name

  • China-rose

International Common Names

  • Spanish: cucarda
  • French: Rose de Chine

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Chinesischer Rosen- Eibisch; Chinesischer Roseneibisch
  • Italy: Rosa della China
  • Netherlands: heemstroos, Chineese

EPPO code

  • HIBRS (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Malvales
  •                         Family: Malvaceae
  •                             Genus: Hibiscus
  •                                 Species: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 24 May 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes




-Arunachal PradeshPresent
-Jammu and KashmirPresent
-Tamil NaduPresent
-Uttar PradeshPresent
-Ryukyu IslandsPresent
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresent
South KoreaPresent
Sri LankaPresent


-Canary IslandsPresent

North America

Puerto RicoPresent
Trinidad and TobagoPresent
United StatesPresent


-South AustraliaPresent
New ZealandPresent

South America

-Distrito FederalPresent

Distribution Database Table

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Distribution References

Aasia Rashid, Azad S A, Umar Farooq, 2014. Community analysis of plant parasitic nematodes associated with ornamental plants in Rajouri district (J&K), India. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 3 (1), 194-197.,%20et%20al.pdf

Abbas G, Arif M J, Muhammad Ashfaq, Muhammad Aslam, Shafqat Saeed, 2010. Host plants distribution and overwintering of cotton mealybug (Phenacoccus solenopsis; Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 12 (3), 421-425.

Abdel-Salam A M M, Rezk A A, Dawoud R A, 2019. Biochemical, serological, molecular and natural host studies on Tomato Chlorosis Virus in Egypt. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. 22 (2), 83-94.

Ann PaoJen, 2000. New diseases and records of flowering potted plants caused by Phytophthora species in Taiwan. Plant Pathology Bulletin. 9 (1), 1-10.

Arocha Y, Echodu R, Talengera D, Muhangi J, Rockefeller E, Asher O, Nakacwa R, Serugga R, Gumisiriza G, Tripathi J, Kabuye D, Otipa M, Vutseme K, Lukanda M, Boa E, 2009. Occurrence of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma aurantifolia' (16SrII group) in cassava and four other species in Uganda. Plant Pathology. 58 (2), 390. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2008.01963.x

Basu M, Patro B, 2007. New records of host plants and natural enemies of Aphis gossypii Glover (Aphididae: Homoptera) from Orissa, India. Journal of Plant Protection and Environment. 4 (2), 74-80.

Ben Halima-Kamel M, Germain J F, Mdellel L, 2015. First records of two mealybugs, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green) and Phenacoccus peruvianus Granara de Willink, in Tunisia and the North of Africa. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin. 45 (1), 139-143. DOI:10.1111/epp.12186

Beshr S M, Badr S A, Ahmad A A, Mohamed G H, 2016. New record of host plants of invasive mealybug Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Tinsley, 1898), (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in Alexandria and Behaira governorates. Journal of Entomology. 13 (4), 155-160.

CABI Data Mining, Undated. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Galanihe L D, Jayasundera M U P, Vithana A, Asselaarachchi N, Watson G W, 2010. Occurrence, distribution and control of papaya mealybug, Paracoccus marginatus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), an invasive alien pest in Sri Lanka. Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension. 13 (3), 81-86.

Hoddle M S, Triapitsyn S V, Morgan D J W, 2003. Distribution and plant association records for Homalodisca coagulata (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) in Florida. Florida Entomologist. 86 (1), 89-91. DOI:10.1653/0015-4040(2003)086[0089:DAPARF]2.0.CO;2

Huang J G, Fan Z F, Li H F, Tian G Z, Hu J S, 2004. First report of tomato mosaic virus on Hibiscus rosa-sinensis in China. Plant Disease. 88 (6), 683. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2004.88.6.683C

Karanfil A, Korkmaz S, 2017. First report of Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus in Turkey. New Disease Reports. 22. DOI:10.5197/j.2044-0588.2017.035.022

Kaydan M B, Çalıșkan A F, Ulusoy M R, 2013. New record of invasive mealybug Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in Turkey. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin. 43 (1), 169-171. DOI:10.1111/epp.12015

Khuhro S N, Kalroo A M, Mahmood R, 2011. Present status of mealy bug Phenacoccus solenopsis (Tinsley) on cotton and other plants in Sindh (Pakistan). In: World Cotton Research Conference-5, Mumbai, India, 7-11 November 2011 [World Cotton Research Conference-5, Mumbai, India, 7-11 November 2011.], [ed. by Kranthi K R, Venugopalan M V, Balasubramanya R H, Kranthi S, Singh S, Blaise]. New Delhi, India: Excel India Publishers. 268-271.

Kumawat M M, Singh K M, Wangchu L, 2017. First report of an invasive longhorn beetle, Aristobia reticulator (Voet) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in litchi, Litichi chinensis Sonn. (Sapindaceae), in India. Coleopterists Bulletin. 71 (1), 131-136. DOI:10.1649/0010-065X-71.1.131

Li S C, Chang Y C, 2002. First report of Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus in Taiwan. Plant Pathology. 51 (6), 803. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-3059.2002.00775.x

Loiácono M S, Marvaldi A E, Lanteri A A, 2003. Description of larva and new host plants for Anthonomus rubricosus Boheman (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Argentina. Entomological News. 114 (2), 69-74.

Lokeshwari D, Kumar N K K, Manjunatha H, 2015. Molecular diversity of the Aphis gossypii (Hemiptera: Aphididae): a potential vector of potyviruses (Potyviridae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 108 (4), 621-633. DOI:10.1093/aesa/sav034

Luigi M, Manglli A, Tomassoli L, Faggioli F, 2013. First report of Hop stunt viroid in Hibiscus rosa-sinensis in Italy. New Disease Reports. 14. DOI:10.5197/j.2044-0588.2013.027.014

Mastoi M I, Azura A N, Muhamad R, Idris A B, Ibrahim Y, 2014. Survey of papaya mealybug, Paracoccus marginatus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) and its natural enemies in Penninsular Malaysia. Pakistan Journal of Agriculture, Agricultural Engineering, Veterinary Sciences. 30 (2), 172-186.

Miranda L C, Návia D, Rodrigues J C V, 2007. Brevipalpus mites Donnadieu (Prostigmata: Tenuipalpidae) associated with ornamental plants in Distrito Federal, Brazil. Neotropical Entomology. 36 (4), 587-592. DOI:10.1590/S1519-566X2007000400018

Mırık M, Aysan Y, Baysal-Gurel F, 2018. Bacterial spot and blight diseases of ornamental plants caused by different Xanthomonas species in Turkey. Plant Protection Science. 54 (4), 240-247.

Moghaddam M, Bagheri A N, 2010. A new record of mealybug pest in the south of Iran, Phenacoccus solenopsis (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae). Journal of Entomological Society of Iran. 30 (1), En67-En69.

Park J H, Cho S E, Han K S, Lee S H, Shin H D, 2014. First report of Choanephora blight caused by Choanephora infundibulifera on Hibiscus rosa-sinensis in Korea. Plant Disease. 98 (9), 1275. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-02-14-0218-PDN

Parrella G, Fiallo-Olivé E, Navas-Castillo J, 2012. First report of China rose (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis) as a host of Alfalfa mosaic virus in Spain. Plant Disease. 96 (3), 462. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-11-0781

Parrella G, Stradis A de, Greco B, Villanueva F, Fortes I M, Navas-Castillo J, 2013. First report of Eggplant mottled dwarf virus in China rose in southern Spain. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research. 11 (1), 204-207.

Pourrahim R, Ghobakhlo A, Farzadfar S, 2013. Biological and molecular detection of Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus infecting Hibiscus rosa-sinensis in Iran. Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 52 (3), 528-531.

Radoi M, Costache C, Toma F, 2019. Detection of Meloidogyne incognita (Kofold & White, 1919) Chitwood, 1949 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae) in the flower plants in Romania. Annals of the University of Craiova - Agriculture, Montanology, Cadastre Series. 49 (2), 162-167.

Rasthra Vardhana, 2007. Plant's havoc by Cuscuta spp. in district Meerut U.P. India. Plant Archives. 7 (2), 917-918.

Rasthra Vardhana, 2007a. Plant's havoc by Cuscuta spp. in district Ghaziabad U.P. India. Plant Archives. 7 (2), 921-922.

Rivera M C, Wright E R, Carballo S, 2000. First report of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides on Chinese rose in Argentina. Plant Disease. 84 (12), 1345-1345. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2000.84.12.1345B

Rodrigues J C V, Antony L M K, Salaroli R B, Kitajima E W, 2008. Brevipalpus-associated viruses in the central Amazon Basin. Tropical Plant Pathology. 33 (1), 12-19. DOI:10.1590/S1982-56762008000100003

Roy A, Stone A L, Melzer M J, Hartung J S, Mavrodieva V A, Nakhla M K, Schneider W L, Brlansky R H, 2018. First report of a cilevirus associated with green ringspot on senescent hibiscus leaves in Tampa, Florida. Plant Disease. 102 (6), 1181-1182. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-11-17-1699-PDN

Sahashi N, Akiba M, Ishihara M, Abe Y, Morita S, 2007. First report of the brown root rot disease caused by Phellinus noxius, its distribution and newly recorded host plants in the Amami Islands, southern Japan. Forest Pathology. 37 (3), 167-173. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0329.2007.00491.x

Sakthivel P, Karuppuchamy P, Kalyanasundaram M, Srinivasan T, 2012. Host plants of invasive papaya mealybug, Paracoccus marginatus (Williams and Granara de Willink) in Tamil Nadu. Madras Agricultural Journal. 99 (7/9), 615-619.

She X M, Tang Y F, He Z F, Lan G B, 2017. Molecular characterization of cotton leaf curl Multan virus and its associated betasatellite infecting Hibiscus rosa-sinensis in the Philippines. Journal of Plant Pathology. 99 (3), 765-768.

Šimala M, Milek T M, Korić B, 2009. Whitefly species (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) recorded on imported ornamental plants in Croatia from 2005-2008. In: Zbornik predavanj in referatov 9. Slovenskega Posvetovanja o Varstvu Rastlin, Nova Gorica, Slovenije, 4-5 marec 2009 [Zbornik predavanj in referatov 9. Slovenskega Posvetovanja o Varstvu Rastlin, Nova Gorica, Slovenije, 4-5 marec 2009.], [ed. by Maček J]. Ljubljana, Slovenia: Društvo za Varstvo Rastlin Slovenije. 389-396.

Specht A, Paula-Moraes S V de, Sosa-Gómez D R, 2015. Host plants of Chrysodeixis includens (Walker) (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Plusiinae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia. 59 (4), 343-345. HTTP:// DOI:10.1016/j.rbe.2015.09.002

Srivastava A, Kumar S, Jaidi M, Raj S K, 2016. Association of Cotton leaf curl Multan virus and its associated betasatellite with leaf curl disease of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis in India. New Disease Reports. 4.

Stradis A de, Parrella G, Vovlas C, Ragozzino A, 2008. Vein yellowing of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis caused by Eggplant mottled dwarf virus in southern Italy. Journal of Plant Pathology. 90 (2), 359-361.

Tang J, Elliott D R, Quinn B D, Clover G R G, Alexander B J R, 2008. Occurrence of Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus in Hibiscus spp. in New Zealand. Plant Disease. 92 (9), 1367. HTTP:// DOI:10.1094/PDIS-92-9-1367A

Yovkova M, Petrović-Obradović O, Tasheva-Terzieva E, Pencheva A, 2013. Aphids (Hemiptera, Aphididae) on ornamental plants in greenhouses in Bulgaria. ZooKeys. 347-361.

Zheng G H, Liao F R, Ye T, Zhang W Z, Ming Y L, 2018. First report of hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus infecting hibiscus in Fujian Province, China. Plant Disease. 102 (10), 2046. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-18-0117-PDN

Uses List

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  • Agroforestry


  • Ornamental

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore

Distribution Maps

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