Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
(China-rose)

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Datasheet

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Documented Species
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • China-rose
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Flowers.
TitleFlowers
CaptionFlowers.
Copyright©A.R. Pittaway
Flowers.
FlowersFlowers.©A.R. Pittaway
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Flower. Réunion island. January 2008.
TitleFlower
CaptionHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Flower. Réunion island. January 2008.
Copyright©Bruno Navez (B.navez)/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 4.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Flower. Réunion island. January 2008.
FlowerHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Flower. Réunion island. January 2008.©Bruno Navez (B.navez)/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 4.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Flower. Austria. March 2016.
TitleFlower
CaptionHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Flower. Austria. March 2016.
Copyright©Robert F. Tobler/via Wikimedia Commons - CC-BY-SA 4.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Flower. Austria. March 2016.
FlowerHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Flower. Austria. March 2016.©Robert F. Tobler/via Wikimedia Commons - CC-BY-SA 4.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Flower. Tallinn Botanic Garden, Estonia. August 2012.
TitleFlower
CaptionHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Flower. Tallinn Botanic Garden, Estonia. August 2012.
Copyright©Diego Delso/via Wikimedia Commons - CC-BY-SA 3.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Flower. Tallinn Botanic Garden, Estonia. August 2012.
FlowerHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Flower. Tallinn Botanic Garden, Estonia. August 2012.©Diego Delso/via Wikimedia Commons - CC-BY-SA 3.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Stigmas and stamens. Austria. September 2014.
TitleStigmas and stamens
CaptionHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Stigmas and stamens. Austria. September 2014.
Copyright©Robert F. Tobler/via Wikimedia Commons - CC-BY-SA 4.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Stigmas and stamens. Austria. September 2014.
Stigmas and stamensHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Stigmas and stamens. Austria. September 2014.©Robert F. Tobler/via Wikimedia Commons - CC-BY-SA 4.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Flowering habit. Bethlehem. May 2012.
TitleFlowering habit
CaptionHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Flowering habit. Bethlehem. May 2012.
Copyright©Lazaregagnidze/via Wikimedia Commons - CC-BY-SA 4.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Flowering habit. Bethlehem. May 2012.
Flowering habitHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Flowering habit. Bethlehem. May 2012.©Lazaregagnidze/via Wikimedia Commons - CC-BY-SA 4.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "White Wings" flowers. Hoolawa Farms Haiku, Maui, Hawaii. December 2006.
TitleCultivar flowers
CaptionHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "White Wings" flowers. Hoolawa Farms Haiku, Maui, Hawaii. December 2006.
Copyright©Forest and Kim Starr/via Starr Environmental - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "White Wings" flowers. Hoolawa Farms Haiku, Maui, Hawaii. December 2006.
Cultivar flowersHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "White Wings" flowers. Hoolawa Farms Haiku, Maui, Hawaii. December 2006.©Forest and Kim Starr/via Starr Environmental - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "White Wings" flower. Makawao, Maui, Hawaii. September 2006.
TitleCultivar flower
CaptionHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "White Wings" flower. Makawao, Maui, Hawaii. September 2006.
Copyright©Forest and Kim Starr/via Starr Environmental - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "White Wings" flower. Makawao, Maui, Hawaii. September 2006.
Cultivar flowerHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "White Wings" flower. Makawao, Maui, Hawaii. September 2006.©Forest and Kim Starr/via Starr Environmental - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "White Wings" flowering habit. Hoolawa Farms Haiku, Maui, Hawaii. December 2006.
TitleFlowering habit
CaptionHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "White Wings" flowering habit. Hoolawa Farms Haiku, Maui, Hawaii. December 2006.
Copyright©Forest and Kim Starr/via Starr Environmental - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "White Wings" flowering habit. Hoolawa Farms Haiku, Maui, Hawaii. December 2006.
Flowering habitHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "White Wings" flowering habit. Hoolawa Farms Haiku, Maui, Hawaii. December 2006.©Forest and Kim Starr/via Starr Environmental - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "White Wings" habit. La Jolla, California, USA. May 2018.
TitleCultivar habit
CaptionHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "White Wings" habit. La Jolla, California, USA. May 2018.
Copyright©cultivar413/via Flickr - CC BY 2.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "White Wings" habit. La Jolla, California, USA. May 2018.
Cultivar habitHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "White Wings" habit. La Jolla, California, USA. May 2018.©cultivar413/via Flickr - CC BY 2.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: yellow flower. Kaanapali, Maui, Hawaii. February 2007.
TitleCultivar flower
CaptionHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: yellow flower. Kaanapali, Maui, Hawaii. February 2007.
Copyright©Forest and Kim Starr/via Starr Environmental - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: yellow flower. Kaanapali, Maui, Hawaii. February 2007.
Cultivar flowerHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: yellow flower. Kaanapali, Maui, Hawaii. February 2007.©Forest and Kim Starr/via Starr Environmental - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: yellow flower. Wailuku, Maui, Hawaii. January 2010.
TitleCultivar flower
CaptionHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: yellow flower. Wailuku, Maui, Hawaii. January 2010.
Copyright©Forest and Kim Starr/via Starr Environmental - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: yellow flower. Wailuku, Maui, Hawaii. January 2010.
Cultivar flowerHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: yellow flower. Wailuku, Maui, Hawaii. January 2010.©Forest and Kim Starr/via Starr Environmental - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "Dainty White" flower. Ke‘anae, Maui, Hawaii. May 2009.
TitleCultivar flower
CaptionHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "Dainty White" flower. Ke‘anae, Maui, Hawaii. May 2009.
Copyright©Forest and Kim Starr/via Starr Environmental - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "Dainty White" flower. Ke‘anae, Maui, Hawaii. May 2009.
Cultivar flowerHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "Dainty White" flower. Ke‘anae, Maui, Hawaii. May 2009.©Forest and Kim Starr/via Starr Environmental - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "Dainty White" flower. September 2009.
TitleCultivar flower
CaptionHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "Dainty White" flower. September 2009.
Copyright©DonBanana/via Wikimedia Commons - CC-BY-SA 4.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "Dainty White" flower. September 2009.
Cultivar flowerHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "Dainty White" flower. September 2009.©DonBanana/via Wikimedia Commons - CC-BY-SA 4.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Culivar: pink flower. Kula, Maui, Hawaii. September 2007.
TitleCultivar flower
CaptionHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Culivar: pink flower. Kula, Maui, Hawaii. September 2007.
Copyright©Forest and Kim Starr/via Starr Environmental - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Culivar: pink flower. Kula, Maui, Hawaii. September 2007.
Cultivar flowerHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Culivar: pink flower. Kula, Maui, Hawaii. September 2007.©Forest and Kim Starr/via Starr Environmental - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: double petal flowers. Maui, Hawaii. July 2008.
TitleCultivar flower
CaptionHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: double petal flowers. Maui, Hawaii. July 2008.
Copyright©Forest and Kim Starr/via Starr Environmental - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: double petal flowers. Maui, Hawaii. July 2008.
Cultivar flowerHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: double petal flowers. Maui, Hawaii. July 2008.©Forest and Kim Starr/via Starr Environmental - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "Orange El Capitolio" flower. Bremen botanical garden, Germany. September 2009.
TitleCultivar flower
CaptionHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "Orange El Capitolio" flower. Bremen botanical garden, Germany. September 2009.
Copyright©Tubifex/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "Orange El Capitolio" flower. Bremen botanical garden, Germany. September 2009.
Cultivar flowerHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Cultivar: "Orange El Capitolio" flower. Bremen botanical garden, Germany. September 2009.©Tubifex/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Opening flower bud. Waiehu, Maui, Hawaii. August 2009.
TitleFlower bud
CaptionHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Opening flower bud. Waiehu, Maui, Hawaii. August 2009.
Copyright©Forest and Kim Starr/via Starr Environmental - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Opening flower bud. Waiehu, Maui, Hawaii. August 2009.
Flower budHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose); Opening flower bud. Waiehu, Maui, Hawaii. August 2009.©Forest and Kim Starr/via Starr Environmental - CC BY 4.0

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.

Preferred Common Name

  • China-rose

International Common Names

  • Spanish: cucarda
  • French: Rose de Chine

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Chinesischer Rosen- Eibisch; Chinesischer Roseneibisch
  • Italy: Rosa della China
  • Netherlands: heemstroos, Chineese

EPPO code

  • HIBRS (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Malvales
  •                         Family: Malvaceae
  •                             Genus: Hibiscus
  •                                 Species: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 21 Jul 2022
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

BeninPresentIntroduced
Burkina FasoPresentIntroduced
Cabo VerdePresentIntroduced
CameroonPresentIntroduced
Côte d'IvoirePresentIntroduced
EgyptPresent
Equatorial GuineaPresentIntroduced
KenyaPresentIntroduced
LiberiaPresentIntroduced
MalawiPresentIntroduced
MoroccoPresent
RéunionPresentIntroduced
TanzaniaPresentIntroduced
TunisiaPresent
UgandaPresentIntroduced
ZimbabwePresentIntroduced

Asia

ArmeniaPresentIntroduced
AzerbaijanPresentIntroduced
BangladeshPresentIntroduced
British Indian Ocean TerritoryPresent, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroduced
ChinaPresent, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroduced
-FujianPresent, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroduced
-GuangdongPresentIntroduced
-GuangxiPresent, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroduced
-HainanPresent, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroduced
-HenanPresent
-ShandongPresentIntroduced
-SichuanPresentIntroduced
-YunnanPresentIntroduced
GeorgiaPresentIntroduced
Hong KongPresentIntroduced
IndiaPresentIntroduced
-Andhra PradeshPresentIntroduced
-Arunachal PradeshPresent
-AssamPresentIntroduced
-BiharPresentIntroduced
-GoaPresentIntroduced
-GujaratPresentIntroduced
-HaryanaPresentIntroduced
-Himachal PradeshPresentIntroduced
-Jammu and KashmirPresent
-KarnatakaPresentIntroduced
-KeralaPresentIntroduced
-Madhya PradeshPresentIntroduced
-MaharashtraPresentIntroduced
-OdishaPresentIntroduced
-PunjabPresentIntroduced
-RajasthanPresentIntroduced
-Tamil NaduPresentIntroduced
-TripuraPresentIntroduced
-Uttar PradeshPresentIntroduced
-UttarakhandPresentIntroduced
-West BengalPresentIntroduced
IndonesiaPresentIntroduced
-JavaPresentIntroduced
IranPresent
JapanPresentIntroduced
-HonshuPresent
-KyushuPresent
-Ryukyu IslandsPresentIntroduced1950
-ShikokuPresent
MalaysiaPresentIntroduced
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentIntroduced
-SabahPresentIntroduced
-SarawakPresentIntroduced
MaldivesPresentIntroduced
NepalPresent, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroduced
PakistanPresentIntroduced
PhilippinesPresentIntroduced1903
Saudi ArabiaPresent
SingaporePresentIntroducedCultivated, casual
South KoreaPresent
Sri LankaPresentIntroduced
TaiwanPresentIntroduced
ThailandPresentIntroduced
TurkeyPresent

Europe

BulgariaPresent
CroatiaPresent
DenmarkPresent, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroduced
FrancePresent, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroduced
GermanyPresent, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroduced
GreecePresentIntroduced
ItalyPresent, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroduced
-SicilyPresent
NetherlandsPresent, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroduced
PortugalPresent, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroduced
-AzoresPresentIntroduced1985
RomaniaPresent
SpainPresent, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroduced
-Canary IslandsPresent, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroduced

North America

Antigua and BarbudaPresentIntroduced1938
BahamasPresentIntroduced
BarbadosPresentIntroduced1906
BelizePresentIntroduced
British Virgin IslandsPresentIntroduced
Cayman IslandsPresentIntroduced
Costa RicaPresentIntroduced1881
CubaPresentIntroduced1895
Dominican RepublicPresentIntroduced1921
El SalvadorPresentIntroduced1921
GuadeloupePresentIntroduced1893
GuatemalaPresentIntroduced1890
HaitiPresentIntroduced1925
HondurasPresentIntroduced1886
JamaicaPresentIntroducedRoadside, escaped
MartiniquePresentIntroduced1932
MexicoPresentIntroduced1882
MontserratPresentIntroduced
NicaraguaPresentIntroduced
PanamaPresentIntroduced1923
Puerto RicoPresentIntroduced1886
Trinidad and TobagoPresentIntroduced1913
U.S. Virgin IslandsPresentIntroduced1882St. Thomas
United StatesPresent
-CaliforniaPresentIntroduced
-District of ColumbiaPresentIntroduced1889At botanical garden
-FloridaPresentIntroduced1896
-HawaiiPresentIntroduced1896
-MarylandPresentIntroduced1896

Oceania

AustraliaPresentIntroduced1843
-QueenslandPresentIntroduced
-South AustraliaPresent
Cook IslandsPresentIntroduced1899
Federated States of MicronesiaPresentIntroduced
-PohnpeiPresent, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBotanic garden
French PolynesiaPresentIntroduced1769Society Islands
GuamPresentIntroduced
KiribatiPresentIntroduced
Marshall IslandsPresentIntroduced
NauruPresentIntroduced
New CaledoniaPresentIntroduced
New ZealandPresent
NiuePresentIntroduced
PalauPresentIntroduced
Papua New GuineaPresentIntroduced
SamoaPresentIntroduced
TongaPresentIntroduced1899

South America

ArgentinaPresentIntroducedCorrientes, Tucum?n
BoliviaPresentIntroduced1907
BrazilPresent
-AmazonasPresentIntroduced
-Distrito FederalPresent
-Minas GeraisPresentIntroduced
-ParanaPresentIntroduced
-PernambucoPresentIntroduced1929
-Rio de JaneiroPresent, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroduced
-Santa CatarinaPresentIntroduced
-Sao PauloPresentIntroduced1936
ChilePresentIntroduced1922
ColombiaPresentIntroduced1919
EcuadorPresentIntroduced
-Galapagos IslandsPresentIntroduced
French GuianaPresentIntroduced
GuyanaPresentIntroduced1921
PeruPresentIntroduced1929
SurinamePresentIntroduced1841
VenezuelaPresentIntroduced1893

Distribution Database Table

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Distribution References

Aasia Rashid, Azad S A, Umar Farooq, 2014. Community analysis of plant parasitic nematodes associated with ornamental plants in Rajouri district (J&K), India. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 3 (1), 194-197. http://www.ijcmas.com/vol-3-1/Aasia%20Rashid,%20et%20al.pdf

Abbas G, Arif M J, Muhammad Ashfaq, Muhammad Aslam, Shafqat Saeed, 2010. Host plants distribution and overwintering of cotton mealybug (Phenacoccus solenopsis; Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 12 (3), 421-425. http://www.fspublishers.org/ijab/past-issues/IJABVOL_12_NO_3/20.pdf

Abdel-Salam A M M, Rezk A A, Dawoud R A, 2019. Biochemical, serological, molecular and natural host studies on Tomato Chlorosis Virus in Egypt. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. 22 (2), 83-94. https://scialert.net/fulltext/?doi=pjbs.2019.83.94&org=11

Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. 1192 pp. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm

African Plant Database, 2020. African Plant Database. In: African Plant Database, Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Geneve & South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php

Ann PaoJen, 2000. New diseases and records of flowering potted plants caused by Phytophthora species in Taiwan. Plant Pathology Bulletin. 9 (1), 1-10.

Archana Lal, Kurl S P, 2020. Identification of aphid species (Homoptera : Aphididae) of economic importance from Delhi and its NCR using DNA barcodes and PCR-SSR based approach. Journal of Experimental Zoology, India. 23 (2), 1791-1797.

Arocha Y, Echodu R, Talengera D, Muhangi J, Rockefeller E, Asher O, Nakacwa R, Serugga R, Gumisiriza G, Tripathi J, Kabuye D, Otipa M, Vutseme K, Lukanda M, Boa E, 2009. Occurrence of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma aurantifolia' (16SrII group) in cassava and four other species in Uganda. Plant Pathology. 58 (2), 390. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/ppa DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2008.01963.x

Atakan E, 2019. Thrips (Thysanoptera) species associated with ornamental plants in the Çukurova region of Turkey. Derim. 36 (2), 146-153. DOI:10.16882/derim.2019.518502

Bader A K, Al-Jboory I J, 2020. First record of cotton mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley 1898 (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), from Saudi Arabia. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin. 50 (3), 557-560. DOI:10.1111/epp.12674

Basu M, Patro B, 2007. New records of host plants and natural enemies of Aphis gossypii Glover (Aphididae: Homoptera) from Orissa, India. Journal of Plant Protection and Environment. 4 (2), 74-80.

Ben Halima-Kamel M, Germain J F, Mdellel L, 2015. First records of two mealybugs, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green) and Phenacoccus peruvianus Granara de Willink, in Tunisia and the North of Africa. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin. 45 (1), 139-143. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1365-2338 DOI:10.1111/epp.12186

Beshr S M, Badr S A, Ahmad A A, Mohamed G H, 2016. New record of host plants of invasive mealybug Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Tinsley, 1898), (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in Alexandria and Behaira governorates. Journal of Entomology. 13 (4), 155-160. http://scialert.net/fulltext/?doi=je.2016.155.160&org=10

CABI Data Mining, Undated. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Chong K Y, Tan H T W, Corlett R T, 2009. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species. Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore. 273 pp. https://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/app/uploads/2017/04/flora_of_singapore_tc.pdf

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO. https://gd.eppo.int/

Euro+Med, 2020. Euro+Med PlantBase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity. In: Euro+Med PlantBase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity, http://ww2.bgbm.org/EuroPlusMed

Flora do Brasil, 2020. Brazilian flora 2020. In: Brazilian flora 2020, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Rio de Janeiro Botanic Garden. http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br

Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2020. Flora of China. In: Flora of China, St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2

Flora of Pakistan, 2020. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). Tropicos website. In: Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). Tropicos website, St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan

Galanihe L D, Jayasundera M U P, Vithana A, Asselaarachchi N, Watson G W, 2010. Occurrence, distribution and control of papaya mealybug, Paracoccus marginatus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), an invasive alien pest in Sri Lanka. Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension. 13 (3), 81-86. http://www.sljol.info/index.php/TARE/article/view/3143/2522

Hoddle M S, Triapitsyn S V, Morgan D J W, 2003. Distribution and plant association records for Homalodisca coagulata (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) in Florida. Florida Entomologist. 86 (1), 89-91. http://www.fcla.edu/FlaEnt/ DOI:10.1653/0015-4040(2003)086[0089:DAPARF]2.0.CO;2

Huang J G, Fan Z F, Li H F, Tian G Z, Hu J S, 2004. First report of tomato mosaic virus on Hibiscus rosa-sinensis in China. Plant Disease. 88 (6), 683. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2004.88.6.683C

India Biodiversity Portal, 2020. Online Portal of India Biodiversity. In: Online Portal of India Biodiversity, http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list

Karanfil A, Korkmaz S, 2017. First report of Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus in Turkey. New Disease Reports. 22. DOI:10.5197/j.2044-0588.2017.035.022

Kaydan M B, Çalıșkan A F, Ulusoy M R, 2013. New record of invasive mealybug Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in Turkey. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin. 43 (1), 169-171. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1365-2338 DOI:10.1111/epp.12015

Khuhro S N, Kalroo A M, Mahmood R, 2011. Present status of mealy bug Phenacoccus solenopsis (Tinsley) on cotton and other plants in Sindh (Pakistan). In: World Cotton Research Conference-5, Mumbai, India, 7-11 November 2011 [World Cotton Research Conference-5, Mumbai, India, 7-11 November 2011.], [ed. by Kranthi K R, Venugopalan M V, Balasubramanya R H, Kranthi S, Singh S, Blaise]. New Delhi, India: Excel India Publishers. 268-271. http://icac.org/meetings/wcrc/wcrc5/Proceedings.pdf

Kumawat M M, Singh K M, Wangchu L, 2017. First report of an invasive longhorn beetle, Aristobia reticulator (Voet) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in litchi, Litichi chinensis Sonn. (Sapindaceae), in India. Coleopterists Bulletin. 71 (1), 131-136. DOI:10.1649/0010-065X-71.1.131

Li S C, Chang Y C, 2002. First report of Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus in Taiwan. Plant Pathology. 51 (6), 803. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-3059.2002.00775.x

Loiácono M S, Marvaldi A E, Lanteri A A, 2003. Description of larva and new host plants for Anthonomus rubricosus Boheman (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Argentina. Entomological News. 114 (2), 69-74.

Lokeshwari D, Kumar N K K, Manjunatha H, 2015. Molecular diversity of the Aphis gossypii (Hemiptera: Aphididae): a potential vector of potyviruses (Potyviridae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 108 (4), 621-633. DOI:10.1093/aesa/sav034

Lopes F S C, Oliveira J V de, Oliveira J E de M, Oliveira M D de, Souza A M de, 2019. Host plants for mealybugs (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in grapevine crops. Pesquisa Agropecuária Tropical. DOI:10.1590/1983-40632019v4954421

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