Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Hibiscus
(rosemallows)

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Datasheet

Hibiscus (rosemallows)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Hibiscus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • rosemallows
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Phenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug);  live adult female has pale yellow body. Dorsum with a dark bar, spots on intersegmental areas of thorax and abdomen, with 18 pairs of lateral wax filament.
TitleAdult female
CaptionPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug); live adult female has pale yellow body. Dorsum with a dark bar, spots on intersegmental areas of thorax and abdomen, with 18 pairs of lateral wax filament.
Copyright©PaDIL/Chamaiporn Buamas Department of Agriculture, Thailand - CC BY 3.0 AU
Phenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug);  live adult female has pale yellow body. Dorsum with a dark bar, spots on intersegmental areas of thorax and abdomen, with 18 pairs of lateral wax filament.
Adult femalePhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug); live adult female has pale yellow body. Dorsum with a dark bar, spots on intersegmental areas of thorax and abdomen, with 18 pairs of lateral wax filament.©PaDIL/Chamaiporn Buamas Department of Agriculture, Thailand - CC BY 3.0 AU
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); mature tree habit. Kihei, Maui, Hawaii, USA. March, 2001.
TitleHabit
CaptionHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); mature tree habit. Kihei, Maui, Hawaii, USA. March, 2001.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); mature tree habit. Kihei, Maui, Hawaii, USA. March, 2001.
HabitHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); mature tree habit. Kihei, Maui, Hawaii, USA. March, 2001.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); adult females. Laboratory specimens. USA
TitleFemales
CaptionMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); adult females. Laboratory specimens. USA
Copyright©Florida Division of Plant Industry/Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); adult females. Laboratory specimens. USA
FemalesMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); adult females. Laboratory specimens. USA©Florida Division of Plant Industry/Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Phenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug); live adult on seepweed (Suaeda sp.). Brawley, California, USA. April, 1985.
TitleAdult
CaptionPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug); live adult on seepweed (Suaeda sp.). Brawley, California, USA. April, 1985.
Copyright©United States National Collection of Scale Insects Photographs/USDA-ARS/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Phenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug); live adult on seepweed (Suaeda sp.). Brawley, California, USA. April, 1985.
AdultPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug); live adult on seepweed (Suaeda sp.). Brawley, California, USA. April, 1985.©United States National Collection of Scale Insects Photographs/USDA-ARS/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); habit. Kaohikaipu, Oahu, Hawaii, USA. February, 2005.
TitleHabit
CaptionHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); habit. Kaohikaipu, Oahu, Hawaii, USA. February, 2005.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); habit. Kaohikaipu, Oahu, Hawaii, USA. February, 2005.
HabitHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); habit. Kaohikaipu, Oahu, Hawaii, USA. February, 2005.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); adult females in a field infestation. USA
TitleField infestation
CaptionMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); adult females in a field infestation. USA
Copyright©Jeffrey W. Lotz/Florida Division of Plant Industry/Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); adult females in a field infestation. USA
Field infestationMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); adult females in a field infestation. USA©Jeffrey W. Lotz/Florida Division of Plant Industry/Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Phenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug); antennae each 9 (rarely 8) segmented. Cerrarii numbering 18 pairs, each cerarius with 2 lanceolate spinose setae. On metafemur and metatibia showing translucent pore.
TitleAntenna
CaptionPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug); antennae each 9 (rarely 8) segmented. Cerrarii numbering 18 pairs, each cerarius with 2 lanceolate spinose setae. On metafemur and metatibia showing translucent pore.
Copyright©PaDIL/Chamaiporn Buamas Department of Agriculture, Thailand - CC BY 3.0 AU
Phenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug); antennae each 9 (rarely 8) segmented. Cerrarii numbering 18 pairs, each cerarius with 2 lanceolate spinose setae. On metafemur and metatibia showing translucent pore.
AntennaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug); antennae each 9 (rarely 8) segmented. Cerrarii numbering 18 pairs, each cerarius with 2 lanceolate spinose setae. On metafemur and metatibia showing translucent pore.©PaDIL/Chamaiporn Buamas Department of Agriculture, Thailand - CC BY 3.0 AU
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); habit. Large patch nr roadside. Haiku, Maui, Hawaii, USA. June, 2009.
TitleHabit
CaptionHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); habit. Large patch nr roadside. Haiku, Maui, Hawaii, USA. June, 2009.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); habit. Large patch nr roadside. Haiku, Maui, Hawaii, USA. June, 2009.
HabitHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); habit. Large patch nr roadside. Haiku, Maui, Hawaii, USA. June, 2009.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); leaves. West Beach Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 08, 2008
TitleLeaves
CaptionHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); leaves. West Beach Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 08, 2008
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); leaves. West Beach Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 08, 2008
LeavesHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); leaves. West Beach Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 08, 2008©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); adult male, in a field infestation. USA.
TitleMale
CaptionMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); adult male, in a field infestation. USA.
Copyright©Florida Division of Plant Industry/Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); adult male, in a field infestation. USA.
MaleMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); adult male, in a field infestation. USA.©Florida Division of Plant Industry/Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); leaves, some showing 'cupping'. Bart Hill Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. March, 2015.
TitleLeaves
CaptionHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); leaves, some showing 'cupping'. Bart Hill Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. March, 2015.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); leaves, some showing 'cupping'. Bart Hill Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. March, 2015.
LeavesHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); leaves, some showing 'cupping'. Bart Hill Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. March, 2015.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); field infestation. USA.
TitleField infestation
CaptionMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); field infestation. USA.
Copyright©Florida Division of Plant Industry/Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); field infestation. USA.
Field infestationMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); field infestation. USA.©Florida Division of Plant Industry/Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); yellow flower and foliage. John Prince Park Lake Worth, Florida, USA. September, 2009.
TitleFlower
CaptionHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); yellow flower and foliage. John Prince Park Lake Worth, Florida, USA. September, 2009.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); yellow flower and foliage. John Prince Park Lake Worth, Florida, USA. September, 2009.
FlowerHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); yellow flower and foliage. John Prince Park Lake Worth, Florida, USA. September, 2009.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); field infestation. USA.
TitleField infestation
CaptionMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); field infestation. USA.
Copyright©Florida Division of Plant Industry/Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); field infestation. USA.
Field infestationMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); field infestation. USA.©Florida Division of Plant Industry/Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); orange flower and foliage. Wahinepee, Maui, Hawaii, USA. August, 2002.
TitleFlower
CaptionHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); orange flower and foliage. Wahinepee, Maui, Hawaii, USA. August, 2002.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); orange flower and foliage. Wahinepee, Maui, Hawaii, USA. August, 2002.
FlowerHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); orange flower and foliage. Wahinepee, Maui, Hawaii, USA. August, 2002.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); infestation, in laboratory. USA.
TitleInfestation
CaptionMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); infestation, in laboratory. USA.
Copyright©Florida Division of Plant Industry/Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); infestation, in laboratory. USA.
InfestationMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); infestation, in laboratory. USA.©Florida Division of Plant Industry/Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); flowering habit, with flowers and seedpods. Kanapou, Kahoolawe, Hawaii, USA. December, 2010.
TitleHabit
CaptionHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); flowering habit, with flowers and seedpods. Kanapou, Kahoolawe, Hawaii, USA. December, 2010.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); flowering habit, with flowers and seedpods. Kanapou, Kahoolawe, Hawaii, USA. December, 2010.
HabitHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); flowering habit, with flowers and seedpods. Kanapou, Kahoolawe, Hawaii, USA. December, 2010.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); foliar damage, from a field infestation. USA.
TitleDamage
CaptionMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); foliar damage, from a field infestation. USA.
Copyright©Florida Division of Plant Industry/Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); foliar damage, from a field infestation. USA.
DamageMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); foliar damage, from a field infestation. USA.©Florida Division of Plant Industry/Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); foliage and seedpods. Wailua, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014.
TitleSeedpods
CaptionHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); foliage and seedpods. Wailua, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); foliage and seedpods. Wailua, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014.
SeedpodsHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); foliage and seedpods. Wailua, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); field infestation on Hibiscus spp. USA.
TitleField infestation
CaptionMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); field infestation on Hibiscus spp. USA.
Copyright©Florida Division of Plant Industry/Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); field infestation on Hibiscus spp. USA.
Field infestationMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); field infestation on Hibiscus spp. USA.©Florida Division of Plant Industry/Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); close view of seedpods. Wailua, Maui, Hawaii, USA. October, 2005.
TitleSeedpods
CaptionHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); close view of seedpods. Wailua, Maui, Hawaii, USA. October, 2005.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); close view of seedpods. Wailua, Maui, Hawaii, USA. October, 2005.
SeedpodsHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); close view of seedpods. Wailua, Maui, Hawaii, USA. October, 2005.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); adult female, ventral view. Slide mounted specimen.
TitleFemale
CaptionMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); adult female, ventral view. Slide mounted specimen.
Copyright©Alessandra Rung/Scale Insects/USDA APHIS ITP/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); adult female, ventral view. Slide mounted specimen.
FemaleMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); adult female, ventral view. Slide mounted specimen.©Alessandra Rung/Scale Insects/USDA APHIS ITP/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); habit. Dense thicket. Wailua, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014.
TitleHabit
CaptionHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); habit. Dense thicket. Wailua, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); habit. Dense thicket. Wailua, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014.
HabitHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); habit. Dense thicket. Wailua, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); habit. Dense thicket and understory. West Beach Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. April, 2015.
TitleHabit
CaptionHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); habit. Dense thicket and understory. West Beach Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. April, 2015.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); habit. Dense thicket and understory. West Beach Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. April, 2015.
HabitHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); habit. Dense thicket and understory. West Beach Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. April, 2015.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); invasive habit. Forest Starr and Laysan albatross chicks. Bart Hill Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. March, 2015.
TitleInvasive habit
CaptionHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); invasive habit. Forest Starr and Laysan albatross chicks. Bart Hill Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. March, 2015.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); invasive habit. Forest Starr and Laysan albatross chicks. Bart Hill Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. March, 2015.
Invasive habitHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); invasive habit. Forest Starr and Laysan albatross chicks. Bart Hill Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. March, 2015.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); chlorotic leaves and Laysan Albatross chick. West Beach Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. April, 2015.
TitleChlorotic leaves
CaptionHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); chlorotic leaves and Laysan Albatross chick. West Beach Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. April, 2015.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); chlorotic leaves and Laysan Albatross chick. West Beach Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. April, 2015.
Chlorotic leavesHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood); chlorotic leaves and Laysan Albatross chick. West Beach Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. April, 2015.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Hibiscus L., nom. cons.

Preferred Common Name

  • rosemallows

International Common Names

  • English: Rosemallow
  • Spanish: amapolas

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Eibisch

EPPO code

  • HIBSS (Hibiscus sp.)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Malvales
  •                         Family: Malvaceae
  •                             Genus: Hibiscus

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Aleurodicus dugesii; Anomis flava (cotton semi-looper); Contarinia maculipennis (blossom midge); Dysdercus cingulatus (red cotton stainer); Dysdercus fasciatus (cotton stainer); Dysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug); Earias insulana (Egyptian stem borer); Frankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips); Glomerella cingulata (anthracnose); Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode); Homona coffearia (tea tortrix); Luperomorpha xanthodera; Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); Paracoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug); Parasaissetia nigra (pomegranate scale); Pectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm); Phenacoccus madeirensis (Madeira mealybug); Phenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug); Phytophthora cactorum (apple collar rot); Pseudococcus calceolariae (scarlet mealybug); Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi (Jack Beardsley mealybug); Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae (bacterial canker or blast (stone and pome fruits)); Saissetia coffeae (hemispherical scale); Unaspis citri (citrus snow scale); Veronicella cubensis (Cuban slug)

Minor host of:

Aceria tripuraensis; Aleurocanthus spiniferus (orange spiny whitefly); Aleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly); Aleurodicus dispersus (whitefly); Aphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode); Armillaria luteobubalina (armillaria root rot); Armillaria tabescens (armillaria root rot); Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale); Ceroplastes destructor (white wax scale); Ceroplastes rubens (red wax scale); Chaetocnema confinis (flea beetle); Coccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug); Coccus hesperidum (brown soft scale); Cylas puncticollis (sweet potato weevil); Diaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale); Earias vittella (spiny bollworm); Echinothrips americanus; Eutinobothrus brasiliensis (cotton root borer); Ferrisia virgata (striped mealybug); Golovinomyces orontii (powdery mildew); Hadula trifolii (clover cutworm); Hypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug); Hypomeces squamosus (green weevil); Icerya seychellarum (Seychelles scale); Nezara viridula (green stink bug); Nipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug); Phenacoccus parvus (lantana mealybug); Phenacoccus solani; Planococcus minor (passionvine mealybug); Popillia japonica (Japanese beetle); Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale); Rastrococcus iceryoides (mango mealy bug); Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper)

Wild host of:

Anthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil); Anthonomus vestitus (Peruvian boll weevil); Aonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale); Bemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly); Earias biplaga (spiny bollworm); Haritalodes derogata (cotton leaf roller); Megalurothrips usitatus (bean flower thrips); Parabemisia myricae (bayberry whitefly); Steirastoma breve (cacao beetle)

Associated with (not a host):

Meloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)

Host of (source - data mining):

Macroura concolor; Oxycarenus hyalinipennis (cotton, seed bug)