Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Heterodera oryzicola
(rice cyst nematode)

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Datasheet

Heterodera oryzicola (rice cyst nematode)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Heterodera oryzicola
  • Preferred Common Name
  • rice cyst nematode
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Nematoda
  •       Class: Secernentea
  •         Order: Tylenchida

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Emerging cysts on rice roots.
TitleSymptoms on roots
CaptionEmerging cysts on rice roots.
CopyrightJohn Bridge/CABI BioScience & R.A. Plowright
Emerging cysts on rice roots.
Symptoms on rootsEmerging cysts on rice roots.John Bridge/CABI BioScience & R.A. Plowright

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Heterodera oryzicola Rao & Jayaprakash 1978a

Preferred Common Name

  • rice cyst nematode

International Common Names

  • English: paddy cyst nematode

EPPO code

  • HETDOC (Heterodera oryzicola)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Nematoda
  •             Class: Secernentea
  •                 Order: Tylenchida
  •                     Family: Heteroderidae
  •                         Genus: Heterodera
  •                             Species: Heterodera oryzicola

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

IndiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
-GoaPresentKoshy et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-HaryanaPresentPrasad et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-KeralaPresentRao & Jayaprakash, 1978a; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-Madhya PradeshPresentPrasad et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-OdishaPresentPrasad et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-Tamil NaduPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
-West BengalPresentPrasad et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2003

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / abnormal colours
Whole plant / dwarfing

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Myrothecium verrucaria

Pathway Vectors

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VectorNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Clothing, footwear and possessionsCysts in soil. Yes
Containers and packaging - woodCysts in soil. Yes
Land vehiclesCysts in soil. Yes
MailCysts in soil. Yes
Soil, sand and gravelCysts in soil. Yes

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Growing medium accompanying plants adults; cysts; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Roots adults; cysts; juveniles Yes Yes
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants adults; cysts; juveniles Yes Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Leaves
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

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CABI/EPPO, 2003. Heterodera oryzicola. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, No. 897. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Chandel ST; Prasad D, 2002. Management strategies of the nematodes associated with rice crop. In: Crop pest and disease management: challanges for the millennium [ed. by Prasad D, Puri SN] Dehra Dun, India: Jyoti Publishers & Distributors, 346-359.

Charles JS; Venkitesan TS, 1984. New Hosts of Heterodera oryzicola Rao & Jayaprakash, 1978, in Kerala, India. Indian Journal of Nematology, 14:181-182.

Charles JSK; Venkitesan TS, 1990. Host records of the rice cyst nematode Heterodera oryzicola. Indian Journal of Nematology, 20(2):222-224; 1 ref.

Charles JSK; Venkitesan TS, 1993. Pathogenicity of Heterodera oryzicola (Nemata: Tylenchina) towards banana (Musa AAB cv. Nendran). Fundamental and Applied Nematology, 16(4):359-365; 14 ref.

Charles JSK; Venkitesan TS, 1994. Control of cyst nematode, Heterodera oryzicola in banana cv. Nendran with nematicides. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences, 2(2):49-51; 4 ref.

Charles JSK; Venkitesan TS, 1995. Biology of banana population of Heterodera oryzicola (Nemata: Tylenchina). Fundamental and Applied Nematology, 18(5):493-496.

Charles JSK; Vijayalakshmi AV; Chitra Radhakrishnan; Varma AS, 2000. A new report on the biological suppression of cyst nematode, Heterodera oryzicola (Rao & Jayaprakash, 1978) infecting banana (Musa AAB cv. Nendran) in Kerala, India. Journal of Tropical Agriculture, 38(1/2):102-103.

Ibrahim SK; Perry RN; Plowright RA; Rowe J, 1993. Hatching behaviour of the rice cyst nematodes Heterodera sacchari and H. oryzicola in relation to age of host plant. Fundamental and Applied Nematology, 16(1):23-29; 16 ref.

Jayaprakash A; Rao YS, 1982. Life history and behaviour of the cyst nematode, Heterodera oryzicola Rao and Jayaprakash, 1978 in Rice (Oryza sativa L.). Proceedigs of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Animal Sciences, 91(3):283-295

Jayaprakash A; Rao YS, 1982b. Effect of Heterodera oryzicola incidence on the growth of rice. Oryza, 19:60-61.

Jayaprakash A; Rao YS, 1983. Reaction of rice cultivars against the cyst nematode Heterodera oryzicola. Indian Journal of Nematology, 13(1):117-118

Jayaprakash A; Rao YS, 1984. Cyst nematode, Heterodera oryzicola and seedling blight fungus Sclerotium rolfsii disease complex in rice. Indian Journal of Nematology, 14(1):58-59

Koshy PK; Sosamma VK; Faleiro JR, 1987. Occurrence of Heterodera oryzicola on banana in Goa. Indian Journal of Nematology, 17(2):334; 2 ref.

Kumari U; Kuriyan JK, 1981. Cyst nematode, Heterodera oryzicola, on rice in Kerala. I. Estimation of loss in rice due to H.oryzicola infestation, in field conditions. Indian Journal of Nematology, 11:106 (Abstr.).

Li YZ, 1996. The morphological character of vulval cone of Heterodera oryzicola. Plant Quarantine (Shanghai), 10(5):275-277.

Nobbs JM; Ibrahim SK; Rowe J, 1992. A morphological and biochemical comparison of the four cyst nematodes species, Heterodera elachista, H. oryzicola, H. oryzae and H. sacchari (Nematoda: Heteroderidae) known to attack rice (Oryza sativa). Fundamental and Applied Nematology, 15(6):545-550; 24 ref.

Panwar MS; Prasad JS; Rao YS, 2003. Status of root-knot and cyst nematodes affecting rice and their management. In: Advances in nematology [ed. by Trivedi PC] Jodhpur, India: Scientific Publishers (India), 81-101.

Prasad JS; Panwar MS; Rao YS, 1986. Reaction of some rice cultures to root-knot and cyst nematodes. Oryza, 23:59-61.

Prasad JS; Panwar MS; Rao YS, 1987. Nematode problems of rice in India. Tropical Pest Management, 33(2):127-136; 108 ref.

Rao YS, 1988. Current research on cyst and root-knot nematodes of rice in India. In: Maqbool MA, Morgen-Golden AM, Ghaffar A, Krusberg LR, eds. Advances in Plant Nematology, Proceedings of the US-Pakistan International Workshop on Plant Nematology, April 6-8, 1986, Karachi, Pakistan. Karachi, Pakistan: NNRC, 205-227.

Rao YS; Jayaprakash A, 1977. Leaf chlorosis due to infestation by a new cyst nematode. International Rice Research Newsletter, 2(4):5

Rao YS; Jayaprakash A, 1978. Heterodera oryzicola n.sp. (Nematoda: Heteroderidae) a cyst nematode on rice (Oryza sativa L.) from Kerala State, India. Nematologica, 24(4):341-346

Rao YS; Jayaprakash A; Mohanty J, 1988. Nutritional disorders in rice due to infestation by Heterodera oryzicola and Meloidogyne graminicola. Revue de Ne^acute~matologie, 11(4):375-380; 39 ref.

Rao YS; Jayapraksh A, 1978. Role of thiamine hydrochloride as a hatching factor in larval emergence from cysts of Heterodera oryzicola (Nematoda: Heteroderidae) on rice. Current Science, 47(17):635-636

Rao YS; Prasad JS; Rao AVS, 1984. Interaction of the cyst and root-knot nematodes in roots of rice. Revue de Nématologie, 7:117-120.

Sharma SB; Swarup G, 1984. Cyst forming nematodes of India. New Delhi, India: Cosmo Publications.

Sundararaju P; Mustaffa MM; Kumar V; Cannayane I; Priya BT, 2002. Effect of organic farming on plant parasitic nematodes infesting banana cv. Karpuravalli. Current Nematology, 13(1/2):39-43.

Distribution Maps

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