Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus
(spiral nematode)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus (spiral nematode)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • spiral nematode
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Nematoda
  •       Family: Hoplolaimidae
  •         Genus: Helicotylenchus
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus (Steiner, 1914) Golden, 1956

Preferred Common Name

  • spiral nematode

Other Scientific Names

  • Helicotylenchus bradys Thorne & Malek, 1968
  • Helicotylenchus microlobus Perry in Perry et al., 1956
  • Helicotylenchus phalerus Anderson, 1974
  • Tylenchorynchus robustus var. pseudorobustus (Steiner, 1914) Micoletzky, 1922
  • Tylenchus (Tylenchorhynchus) pseudorobustus Steiner, 1914
  • Tylenchus pseudorobustus Steiner, 1914

EPPO code

  • HELYPS (Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Nematoda
  •             Family: Hoplolaimidae
  •                 Genus: Helicotylenchus
  •                     Species: Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 17 Feb 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresent
BeninPresent
CameroonPresent
Congo, Democratic Republic of thePresent
Côte d'IvoirePresent
EgyptPresent
GambiaPresent
GhanaPresent
GuineaPresent
KenyaPresent
LiberiaPresent
MadagascarPresent
MalawiPresent
NigeriaPresent
South AfricaPresent
SudanPresent
TanzaniaPresent
UgandaPresent
ZambiaPresent

Asia

AfghanistanPresent
ChinaPresent
-GuangdongPresent
-JiangsuPresent
IndiaPresent
-HaryanaPresent
-ManipurPresent
-Tamil NaduPresent
-Uttar PradeshPresent
-UttarakhandPresent
IranPresent
IraqPresent, Widespread
IsraelPresent
JordanPresent
MalaysiaPresent
NepalPresent
North KoreaPresent
PakistanPresent
PhilippinesPresent
Saudi ArabiaPresent
SingaporePresent
South KoreaPresent
TaiwanPresent
ThailandPresent
TurkeyPresent
VietnamPresent

Europe

AustriaPresent
BelgiumPresent
CzechiaPresent
FinlandPresent
FrancePresent
GermanyPresent
GreecePresent
ItalyPresent
NetherlandsPresent
PolandPresent
PortugalPresent
SlovakiaPresent
SloveniaPresent
SpainPresent
SwitzerlandPresent
United KingdomPresent

North America

BelizePresent
CanadaPresent
-British ColumbiaPresent
-ManitobaPresent
-Nova ScotiaPresent
-OntarioPresent
CubaPresent
DominicaPresent
Dominican RepublicPresent
MartiniquePresent
Saint LuciaPresent
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesPresent
Trinidad and TobagoPresent
United StatesPresent
-ArkansasPresent
-CaliforniaPresent
-FloridaPresent
-GeorgiaPresent
-IllinoisPresent
-IndianaPresent
-IowaPresent
-KansasPresent
-LouisianaPresent
-MainePresent
-MarylandPresent
-MinnesotaPresent
-MississippiPresent
-MissouriPresent
-New HampshirePresent
-New YorkPresent
-North DakotaPresent
-Rhode IslandPresent
-South DakotaPresent
-TennesseePresent
-TexasPresent
-VermontPresent
-WashingtonPresent
-WisconsinPresent

Oceania

American SamoaPresent
AustraliaPresent
-Western AustraliaPresent
FijiPresent
New ZealandPresent
Papua New GuineaPresent

South America

ArgentinaPresent
BoliviaPresent
BrazilPresent
-AmazonasPresent
-Mato GrossoPresent
ChilePresent
ColombiaPresent
French GuianaPresent
PeruPresent
VenezuelaPresent

Growth Stages

Top of page
Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Roots / necrotic streaks or lesions

Natural enemies

Top of page
Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Pasteuria penetrans Pathogen

Pathway Vectors

Top of page
VectorNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Clothing, footwear and possessionsWith soil Yes
Containers and packaging - woodWith soil Yes
Land vehiclesWith soil Yes
Soil, sand and gravelWith soil Yes

Plant Trade

Top of page
Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Growing medium accompanying plants adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Roots adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Leaves
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

Top of page

Abrantes IMO; de Morais MMN; Santos MSM de A, 1978. Nematodos e plantas hospedeiras identificados em Coimbra, Portugal, durante 1972-1977. Ciencia Biologica, 4:23-43.

Alby T; Ferris JM; Ferris VR, 1980. Dispersion and distribution of selected nematodes in soybean fields in Indiana. Journal of Nematology, 12:213-214

Ali SS; Geraert E; Coomans A, 1973. Some spiral nematodes from Africa. Biologisch Jaarboek Dodonaea, 41:53-70.

Amosu JO, 1976. Report of Meloidogyne research at University of Ife, Ile-Ife. Proceedings of the research planning conference on root-knot nematodes, Meloidogyne spp spp., 7-11 June, 1976, Ibadan, Nigeria., 38-40

Anderson RV, 1974. Canadian species of the genus Helicotylenchus Steiner, 1945 (Nematoda: Hoplolaimidae), their identifying characteristics and descriptions of three new species. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 52(11):1365-1381

Bridge J, 1972. Nematode problems with yams (Dioscorea spp). PANS, 1:89-91.

Brzescki MW, 1971. Nematodes associate with cabbage in Poland. VI. Feeding and reproduction of some species. Zeszyty Problemowe Postepow Nauk Rolniczych, 121:121-124.

CABI/EPPO, 2003. Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, April (Edition 1). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, Map 882.

Castaner D, 1966. The relationship of numbers of Helicotylenchus microlobus to nitrogen soil amendments. Iowa State Journal of Science, 41(2):125-135

Castillo P; G=mez-Barcina A; Vovlas N; Navas A, 1991. Some plant-parasitic nematodes associated with cotton and chickpea in southern Spain with description of Amplimerlinius magnistylus sp. n. Afro-Asian Journal of Nematology, 1(2):195-203; 26 ref.

Castillo P; Vovlas N; Gomez Barcina A, 1993. Nematodos fitoparasitos del kiwi (Actinidia deliciosa). Phytoma (Spain), 46:3-8.

Caveness FE, 1974. Plant-parasitic nematode population differences under no-tillage and tillage soil regimes in western Nigeria. Journal of Nematology, 6(4):138

Choi YE, 1975. A taxonomical and morphological study of plant parasitic nematodes (Tylenchida) in Korea. Korean Journal of Plant Protection, 14(4. Suppl.):1-19

Churchill RC Jr; Ruehle JL, 1971. Occurrence, parasitism, and pathogenicity of nematodes associated with sycamore (Platanus occidentalis L.). Journal of Nematology, 3:189-196.

Decker H; Rodriguez Fuentes ME; Casamayor Garcia R, 1970. Untersuchungen über die Phytonematodenfauna unterschiedlich lang genutzter Zuckerrohr-Monokulturen in Cuba. (Investigation on the phytonematode fauna of sugar cane monocultures of different ages in Cuba). Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der Universitat Rostock, 19:561-570.

Dickerson OJ; Franz TJ; Lash LD, 1978. Influence of crop rotation on nematode populations in Kansas. Journal of Nematology, 10(4):284

Donald AP; Hosford RM Jr, 1980. Plant parasitic nematodes of North Dakota. Plant Disease, 64:45-47.

Edmunds JE, 1969. Plant nematode problems of the Windward Islands. In: Peachey JE, ed. Nematodes of Tropical Crops, Technical Communication No. 40. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 142-148.

Emiligy IA; Norton DC, 1973. Survival and reproduction of some nematodes as affected by muck and organic acids. Journal of Nematology, 5:50-54.

Fauna Europaea, 2014. Fauna Europaea version 2. Web Service available online at http://www.faunaeur.org.

Feldmesser J; Golden AM, 1974. Bionomics and control of nematodes in a large turf area. Journal of Nematology, 6(4):139

FERRIS VR; BERNARD RL, 1971. Effect of soil type on population densities of nematodes in soybean rotation fields. Journal of Nematology, 3:123-128.

Geraert E, 1967. Results of the study on the ecology of plant-parasitic and free-living soil nematodes. Annal. Soc. r. zool. Bel., 97:59-64.

Hashim Z, 1983. Plant-parasitic nematodes associated with pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) in Jordan and an attempt to chemical control. Nematologia Mediterranea, 11(2):199-200

Ibrahim IKA; Handoo ZA, 2016. Occurrence of phytoparasitic nematodes on some crop plants in northern Egypt. Pakistan Journal of Nematology, 34(2):163-169.

Jones RK, 1978. Histological and ultrastructural changes in cereal roots caused by feeding of Helicotylenchus spp. Nematologica, 24(4):393-397

Kheiri A, 1972. Plant parasitic nematodes (Tylenchida) from Iran. Biologisch Jaarboek Dodonaea, 40:224-239.

Kurppa S, 1988. Distribution of migratory plant parasitic nematodes in cultivated Finnish soils. Annales Agriculturae Fenniae, 27(4):315-322; 20 ref.

Lal A; Khan E, 1989. Species of Pratylenchus Filipjev, 1936 and Helicotylenchus Steiner, 1945 (Nematoda : Tylenchida) found associated with forest trees in northern India. Indian Journal of Nematology, 19(1):44-50; 5 ref.

Lawn A; Noel GR; Sinclair JB, 1988. Plant-parasitic nematodes associated with sunflower and maize in the Republic of Zambia. Nematropica, 18(2):143-154; 17 ref.

Mancini G; Moretti F, 1977. Il genere Helicotylenchus Steiner, 1945 in Piemonte e Valle d'Aosta, nota I. Redia, 59:225-228.

McSorley R, 1978. Components of a management program for nematodes on corn. Dissertation Abstracts International, 39B(5):2123-2124

McSorley R, 1979. Plant-parasitic nematodes associated with bananas and plantains in Southern Florida. Plant Disease Reporter, 63(8):663-665

Mirghasemi SN; Seraji A; Jamali S; Choshali AH, 2014. Reported some new species of plant parasitic nematodes from rhizosphere of tea plantation in Iran. International Journal of Biosciences (IJB), 5(9):37-46. http://www.innspub.net/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/IJB-V5No9-p37-46.pdf

Norton DC, 1977. Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus as a pathogen on corn, and its densities on corn and soybean. Iowa State Journal of Research, 51(3):279-285

Norton DC; Hoffmann JK, 1974. Distribution of selected plant parasitic nematodes relative to vegetation and edaphic factors. Journal of Nematology, 6(2):81-86.

Overman AJ; Bryan HH; Harkness RW, 1971. Effect of off-season culture on weeds, nematodes, and potato yields on marl soils. Proceedings, Florida State Horticultural Society, 84:135-139

Pholcharoen S; Boonduang A, 1972. Identification of plant parasitic nematodes of Thailand. II. Hoplolaimidae. A. Genus Helicotylenchus. Plant Protection Service Technical Bulletin, Department of Agriculture, Bangkok, Thailand, No. 3:6 pp.

Ponchillia PE, 1975. Plant-parasitic nematodes associated with burley tobacco in Tennessee. Plant Disease Reporter, 59(3):219-220

Rathour KS; Jola Pandey; Sudershan Ganguly, 2006. Community structure of plant parasitic nematodes in Champawat District of Uttaranchal, India. Indian Journal of Nematology, 36(1):89-93.

Rebois RV; Golden AM, 1978. Nematode occurrences in soybean fields in Mississippi and Louisiana. Plant Disease Reporter, 62(5):433-437

Rössner J, 1972. Vertickalverteilung wandernder Wurzelnematoden im Boden in AbhSngigkeit von Wassergehalt und Durchwurzelung. Nematologica, 18:360-372.

Schmitt DP; Norton DC, 1972. Relationships of plant-parasitic nematodes to sites in native Iowa prairies. Journal of Nematology, 4:200-206.

Schotman CYL, 1989. Plant pests of quarantine importance to the Caribbean. RLAC-PROVEG, No. 21:80 pp.

Sher SA, 1966. Revision of the Hoplolaiminae (Nematoda) VI. Helicotylenchus Steiner, 1945. Nematologica, 12:1-56.

Siddiqi MR, 1974. Plant-parasitic nematodes of sugarcane in northwestern Venezuela. Nematropica, 4(1):6

Siddiqui IA; Sher SA; French AM, 1973. Distribution of plant parasitic nematodes in California. Sacramento, USA: Division of Plant Industry, Department of Food and Agriculture, 1-324.

Silva RA; Oliveira CMG; Inomoto MM, 2008. Fauna of plant-parasitic nematodes in natural and cultivated areas of the Amazon forest, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. (Fauna de fitonematóides em áreas preservadas e cultivadas da floresta amazônica no Estado de Mato Grosso.) Tropical Plant Pathology, 33(3):204-211. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1982-56762008000300005&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=pt

Sivakumar M; Poornima K; Mani MP; Maheswari RU, 2003. Diversity of plant parasitic nematodes in western Ghats of Tamil Nadu. In: Proceedings of National Symposium on Biodiversity and Management of Nematodes in Cropping Systems for Sustainable Agriculture, Jaipur, India, 11-13 November, 2002 [ed. by Singh, R. V.\Pankaj\Dhawan, S. C.\Gaur, H. S.]. New Delhi, India: Division of Nematology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, 15-18.

Swarup G; Sethi CL, 1968. Plant-parasitic nematodes of north-western India. II. The genus Helicotylenchus. Bulletin of Entomology, Loyola Collection, Madras, 9:76-80.

Teng WenFeng; Tan JiaJin; Ye JianRen, 2013. Species survey of Hoplolaimidae parasites in rhizosphere soil of garden trees in Nanjing city. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University (Natural Sciences Edition), 37(3):82-86. http://njlydxxb.periodicals.net.cn/default.html

THORNE G; MALEK RB, 1968. Nematodes of the northern Great Plains. Part I. Tylenchida (Nemata: Secernentea). Tech. Bull. S. Dak. agrie. Exp. Stn, 31. 111 pp.

Todd TC; Tisserat NA, 1990. Occurrence, spatial distribution, and pathogenicity of some phytoparasitic nematodes on creeping bentgrass putting greens in Kansas. Plant Disease, 74(9):660-663; 22 ref.

Van Den Berg E; Heyns J, 1975. South African Hoplolaiminae. 4. The genus Helicotylenchus Steiner, 1945. Phytophylactica, 7(1):35-52

Vega E; Galmarini HR, 1970. Reconocimiento de los nematodes que parasitan los cultivos horticolas de los departamentos de San Carlos y Tunuy n, Mendoza (Argentina). Idia, 272:17-41.

Vovlas N; Inserra RN, 1985. Single modified food cell induced by Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus in corn roots. Journal of Nematology, 17:371-373.

Vovlas N; Larizza A, 1994. Embryogenic patterns and parasitic habits of Helicotylenchus oleae and H. pseudorobustus. Afro-Asian Journal of Nematology, 4(1):17-21; 6 ref.

Yeates GW, 1973. Morphometrics and growth in eight New Zealand soil nematode populations. New Zealand Journal of Science, 16(3):711-725

Yeates GW; Wouts WM, 1992. Helicoytlenchus spp. (Nematoda: Tylenchida) from managed soils in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Science, 19:13-23.

Zem AC; Lordello LGE, 1976. Nematodes associated with weed plants in Brazil. Anais da Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz", 33:597-615

Distribution References

Abrantes I M O, De Morais M M N, Santos M S N de A, 1978. Nematodes and host plants identified in Coimbra, Portugal in the 1972-1977 period. (Nematodos e plantas hospedeiras identificados em Coimbra, Portugal, durante 1972-1977.). Ciencia Biologica. 23-43.

Alby T, Ferris J M, Ferris V R, 1980. Dispersion and distribution of selected nematodes in soybean fields in Indiana. Journal of Nematology. 213-214.

Ali S S, Geraert E, Coomans A, 1973. Some spiral nematodes from Africa. Biologisch Jaarboek Dodonaea. 53-70.

Anderson R V, 1974. Canadian species of the genus Helicotylenchus Steiner, 1945 (Nematoda: Hoplolaimidae), their identifying characteristics and descriptions of three new species. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 52 (11), 1365-1381. DOI:10.1139/z74-174

Bahmani J, Khozeini F, Barooti S, Rezaee S, Ghaderi R, 2013. Plant-parasitic nematodes associated with walnut in the Sanandej region of west Iran. Journal of Plant Protection Research. 53 (4), 404-408. http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/jppr.2013.53.issue-4/jppr-2013-0060/jppr-2013-0060.xml?format=INT DOI:10.2478/jppr-2013-0060

Bridge J, 1972. Nematode problems with yams (Dioscorea spp). In: PANS, 1 89-91.

CABI, EPPO, 2003. Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 882. DOI:10.1079/DMPD/20066500882

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Castaner D, 1966. The relationship of numbers of Helicotylenchus microlobus to nitrogen soil amendments. Iowa State Journal of Science. 41 (2), 125-135.

Castillo P, Vovlas N, Gomez Barcina A, 1993. (Nematodos fitoparasitos del kiwi (Actinidia deliciosa)). In: Phytoma (Spain), 46 3-8.

Caveness F E, 1974. Plant-parasitic nematode population differences under no-tillage and tillage soil regimes in western Nigeria. In: Journal of Nematology, 6 (4) 138.

Choi Y E, 1975. A taxonomical and morphological study of plant parasitic nematodes (Tylenchida) in Korea. Korean Journal of Plant Protection. 14 (4. Suppl.), 1-19.

CHURCHILL R C JR, RUEHLE J L, 1971. Occurrence, parasitism, and pathogenicity of nematodes associated with sycamore (Platanus ocddentalis L.). Journal of Nematology. 189-196.

Decker H, Rodriguez Fuentes M E, Casamayor Garcia R, 1970. Investigations on the phytonematode fauna of sugar cane monocultures of different ages in Cuba. (Untersuchungen uber die Phytonematodenfauna unterschiedlich lang genutzter Zuckerrohr-Monokulturen in Cuba.). Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der Universitat Rostock. 19 (8), 561-570.

Deimi A M, Chitambar J J, Maafi Z T, 2008. Nematodes associated with flowering ornamental plants in Mahallat, Iran. Nematologia Mediterranea. 36 (2), 115-123. http://www.edizioniets.com

Deimi A M, Mitkowski N, 2010. Nematodes associated with vineyards throughout Markazi Province (Arak), Iran. Australasian Plant Pathology. 39 (6), 571-577. DOI:10.1071/AP10044

Dickerson O J, Franz T J, Lash L D, 1978. Influence of crop rotation on nematode populations in Kansas. In: Journal of Nematology [17th Ann. Meet., Soc. Nematol., Hot Springs, Arkansas, 7-10 Aug. 1978.], 10 (4) 284.

Donald P A, Hosford R M Jr, 1980. Plant parasitic nematodes of North Dakota. Plant Disease. 64 (1), 45-47. DOI:10.1094/PD-64-45

Edmunds J E, 1969. Plant nematode problems of the Windward Islands. In: Nematodes of tropical crops, [ed. by Peachey J E]. 142-148 pp.

Fauna Europaea, 2014. Fauna Europaea version 2., http://www.faunaeur.org

Feldmesser J, Golden A M, 1974. Bionomics and control of nematodes in a large turf area. In: Journal of Nematology, 6 (4) 139.

Geraert E, 1967. Results of the study on the ecology of plant-parasitic and free-living soil nematodes. In: Annal. Soc. r. zool. Bel. 97 59-64.

Gill Z, Firoza K, 2014. Nematodes associated with datepalm orchards of Kairpur district Sindh, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Nematology. 32 (1), 113-119.

Ibrahim I K A, Handoo Z A, 2016. Occurrence of phytoparasitic nematodes on some crop plants in northern Egypt. Pakistan Journal of Nematology. 34 (2), 163-169.

Ibrahim I K A, Mokbel A A, Handoo Z A, 2010. Current status of phytoparasitic nematodes and their host plants in Egypt. Nematropica. 40 (2), 239-262. http://www.ontaweb.org/

Jones R K, 1978. Histological and ultrastructural changes in cereal roots caused by feeding of Helicotylenchus spp. Nematologica. 24 (4), 393-397.

Kepenekcİ İ, Toktay H, Evlİce E, 2014. Plant Parasitic and virus vector nematodes associated with vineyards in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Zoology. 46 (3), 866-870. http://www.zsp.com.pk/pdf46/863-887%20_34_%20SHORT%20COMMUNICATIONS%2046%20_3_%202014.pdf

Kheiri A, 1972. Plant parasitic nematodes (Tylenchida) from Iran. Biologisch Jaarboek Dodonaea. 224-239.

Kurppa S, 1988. Distribution of migratory plant parasitic nematodes in cultivated Finnish soils. Annales Agriculturae Fenniae. 27 (4), 315-322.

Lal A, Khan E, 1989. Species of Pratylenchus Filipjev, 1936 and Helicotylenchus Steiner, 1945 (Nematoda : Tylenchida) found associated with forest trees in northern India. Indian Journal of Nematology. 19 (1), 44-50.

Lawn A, Noel G R, Sinclair J B, 1988. Plant-parasitic nematodes associated with sunflower and maize in the Republic of Zambia. Nematropica. 18 (2), 143-154.

Mancini G, Moretti F, 1977. (Il genere Helicotylenchus Steiner, 1945 in Piemonte e Valle d'Aosta, nota I). In: Redia, 59 225-228.

McSorley R, 1978. Components of a management program for nematodes on corn. Dissertation Abstracts International. 39B (5), 2123-2124.

McSorley R, 1979. Plant-parasitic nematodes associated with bananas and plantains in Southern Florida. Plant Disease Reporter. 63 (8), 663-665.

Mirghasemi S N, Seraji A, Jamali S, Choshali A H, 2014. Reported some new species of plant parasitic nematodes from rhizosphere of tea plantation in Iran. International Journal of Biosciences (IJB). 5 (9), 37-46. http://www.innspub.net/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/IJB-V5No9-p37-46.pdf

Norton D C, Hoffmann J K, 1974. Distribution of selected plant parasitic nematodes relative to vegetation and edaphic factors. Journal of Nematology. 6 (2), 81-86.

Overman A J, Bryan H H, Harkness R W, 1971. Effect of off-season culture on weeds, nematodes, and potato yields on marl soils. Proceedings, Florida State Horticultural Society. 135-139.

Pholcharoen S, Boonduang A, 1972. Identification of plant parasitic nematodes of Thailand. II. Hoplolaimidae. A. Genus Helicotylenchus. In: Plant Protection Service Technical Bulletin, Department of Agriculture, Bangkok, Thailand, 6 pp.

Ponchillia P E, 1975. Plant-parasitic nematodes associated with burley tobacco in Tennessee. Plant Disease Reporter. 59 (3), 219-220.

Rathour K S, Jola Pandey, Sudershan Ganguly, 2006. Community structure of plant parasitic nematodes in Champawat District of Uttaranchal, India. Indian Journal of Nematology. 36 (1), 89-93.

Rebois R V, Golden A M, 1978. Nematode occurrences in soybean fields in Mississippi and Louisiana. Plant Disease Reporter. 62 (5), 433-437.

Schmitt D P, Norton D C, 1972. Relationships of plant parasitic nematodes to sites in native Iowa prairies. Journal of Nematology. 4 (3), 200-206.

Schotman C Y L, 1989. Plant pests of quarantine importance to the Caribbean. In: RLAC-PROVEG, 80 pp.

Sher SA, 1966. Revision of the Hoplolaiminae (Nematoda) VI. Helicotylenchus Steiner, 1945. In: Nematologica, 12 1-56.

Siddiqi M R, 1974. Plant-parasitic nematodes of sugarcane in northwestern Venezuela. In: Nematropica, 4 (1) 6.

Silva R A, Oliveira C M G, Inomoto M M, 2008. Fauna of plant-parasitic nematodes in natural and cultivated areas of the Amazon forest, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. (Fauna de fitonematóides em áreas preservadas e cultivadas da floresta amazônica no Estado de Mato Grosso.). Tropical Plant Pathology. 33 (3), 204-211. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1982-56762008000300005&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=pt

Sivakumar M, Poornima K, Mani M P, Maheswari R U, 2003. Diversity of plant parasitic nematodes in western Ghats of Tamil Nadu. In: Proceedings of National Symposium on Biodiversity and Management of Nematodes in Cropping Systems for Sustainable Agriculture, Jaipur, India, 11-13 November, 2002. [ed. by Singh R V, Pankaj, Dhawan S C, Gaur H S]. New Delhi, India: Division of Nematology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute. 15-18.

SWARUP G, SETHI C L, 1968. Plant parasitic nematodes of north-western India. II. The genus Helicotylenchus. Bull. Ent. Loyola Coll. 9 (1), 76-80.

Teng WenFeng, Tan JiaJin, Ye JianRen, 2013. Species survey of Hoplolaimidae parasites in rhizosphere soil of garden trees in Nanjing city. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University (Natural Sciences Edition). 37 (3), 82-86. http://njlydxxb.periodicals.net.cn/default.html

Thorne G, Malek R B, 1968. Tech. Bull. S. Dakota agric. Exp. Stn, 111 pp.

Todd T C, Tisserat N A, 1990. Occurrence, spatial distribution, and pathogenicity of some phytoparasitic nematodes on creeping bentgrass putting greens in Kansas. Plant Disease. 74 (9), 660-663. DOI:10.1094/PD-74-0660

VEGA E, GALMARINI H R, 1970. Examination of nematodes parasitizing horticultural crops in the departments of San Carlos and Tunuyán, Mendoza (Argentina). (Reconocimiento de los nematodes que parasitan los cultivos hortícolas de los departamentos de San Carlos y Tunuyán, Mendoza (Argentina).). In: Idia, 17-41 pp.

Yeates G W, 1973. Morphometrics and growth in eight New Zealand soil nematode populations. New Zealand Journal of Science. 16 (3), 711-725.

Yeates GW, Wouts WM, 1992. Helicoytlenchus spp. (Nematoda: Tylenchida) from managed soils in New Zealand. In: New Zealand Journal of Science, 19 13-23.

Zem A C, Lordello L G E, 1976. Nematodes associated with weed plants in Brazil. (Nematoides associados a plantas invasoras.). Anais da Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz". 597-615.

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map
Select a dataset
Map Legends
  • CABI Summary Records
Map Filters
Extent
Invasive
Origin
Third party data sources: