Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Gymnosporangium asiaticum
(Japanese pear rust)

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Datasheet

Gymnosporangium asiaticum (Japanese pear rust)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 25 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Gymnosporangium asiaticum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Japanese pear rust
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Fungi
  •     Phylum: Basidiomycota
  •       Subphylum: Pucciniomycotina
  •         Class: Pucciniomycetes
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Gymnosporangium asiaticum Miyabe ex G. Yamada

Preferred Common Name

  • Japanese pear rust

Other Scientific Names

  • Gymnosporangium chinense Long
  • Gymnosporangium haraeanum Syd. & P. Syd.
  • Gymnosporangium japonicum P. Syd.
  • Gymnosporangium koreaense H.S. Jacks.
  • Gymnosporangium spiniferum Syd. & P. Syd.
  • Roestelia koreaensis Henn.

International Common Names

  • English: Chinese juniper rust; Japanese pear leaf rust; Japanese pear-juniper leaf rust; Juniperus spp. leaf rust; oriental pear rust; pear-juniper leaf rust; pear-juniper rust
  • Spanish: roya del peral; roya del peral japonés; roya japonesa del peral
  • French: rouille du poirier; rouille du poirier japonais; rouille japonaise du poirier

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Rost der Japanischen Birne; Rost: Japanische Birne

EPPO code

  • GYMNAS (Gymnosporangium asiaticum)
  • GYMNHA (Gymnosporangium haraeanum)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Fungi
  •         Phylum: Basidiomycota
  •             Subphylum: Pucciniomycotina
  •                 Class: Pucciniomycetes
  •                     Order: Pucciniales
  •                         Family: Pucciniaceae
  •                             Genus: Gymnosporangium
  •                                 Species: Gymnosporangium asiaticum

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Apr 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Asia

ChinaPresent, WidespreadZhang (1990); Zhang and Huang (1990); EPPO (2020)
-AnhuiPresentZhang and Huang (1990); EPPO (2020)
-FujianPresentZhang and Huang (1990); EPPO (2020)
-GansuPresentZhang and Huang (1990); EPPO (2020)
-GuangdongPresentZhang and Huang (1990); EPPO (2020)
-GuangxiPresentZhang and Huang (1990); EPPO (2020)
-GuizhouPresentZhang and Huang (1990); EPPO (2020)
-HebeiPresentZhang and Huang (1990); EPPO (2020)
-HenanPresentZhang and Huang (1990); EPPO (2020)
-HubeiPresentZhang and Huang (1990); EPPO (2020)
-HunanPresentZhang and Huang (1990); EPPO (2020)
-JiangsuPresentZhang and Huang (1990); EPPO (2020)
-JiangxiPresentZhang and Huang (1990); EPPO (2020)
-JilinPresentZhang and Huang (1990); EPPO (2020)
-LiaoningPresentZhang and Huang (1990); EPPO (2020)
-ShaanxiPresentZhang and Huang (1990); EPPO (2020)
-ShandongPresentZhang and Huang (1990); EPPO (2020)
-ShanxiPresentZhang and Huang (1990); EPPO (2020)
-SichuanPresentZhang and Huang (1990); EPPO (2020)
-XinjiangPresentZhang and Huang (1990); EPPO (2020)
-YunnanPresentZhang and Huang (1990); EPPO (2020)
-ZhejiangPresentZhang and Huang (1990); Xu and Zhu (1997); EPPO (2020)
Hong KongPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
JapanPresentHiratsuka (1975); EPPO (2020)
-HonshuPresentUnemoto et al. (1989); EPPO (2020)
-Ryukyu IslandsPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
North KoreaPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
South KoreaPresentKim and Kim (1982); UK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
TaiwanPresentEPPO (2020)

Europe

FranceAbsent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2020)
NetherlandsAbsent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)Based on long-term annual surveys.
RussiaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-Russian Far EastPresentEPPO (2020)

North America

CanadaAbsent, Formerly presentEPPO (2020)
-British ColumbiaPresent, Few occurrencesZiller (1974)
United StatesPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-CaliforniaPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
-ConnecticutPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
-OregonPresentZiller (1974); EPPO (2020)
-WashingtonPresentZiller (1974); EPPO (2020)
-WisconsinPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)

Growth Stages

Top of page Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / abnormal forms
Leaves / fungal growth
Stems / galls

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Leaves fruiting bodies Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches fruiting bodies Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Growing medium accompanying plants
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

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Aldwinckle HS, 1990. Rust diseases. In: Compendium of apple and pear diseases. St Paul, USA: American Phytopathological Society, 10-14.

EPPO, 2006. Gymnosporangium spp. (non-European). Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin, 36(3):441-446. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/servlet/useragent?func=showIssues&code=epp

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Harada Y, 1984. Pear and apple rusts in Japan, with special reference to their life cycles and host ranges. Report of the Tottori Mycological Institute 22:108-119.

Harada Y, 1998. Taxonomic studies of plant parasitic fungi on fruit trees and forest trees in Japan. Nippon-Kingakukai Kaiho, 39:89-96.

Hiratsuka N, 1975. Notes on the specific name of the cedar apples of pears and apples in Japan. Transactions of the Mycological Society of Japan, 16(1):90-92

Huang Yun; Cao WuQi; Deng ShaoHong, 1996. On hyperparasite of pear gall rust pathogen. IV. Overwintering, dissemination and entry of the hyperparasite. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica, 26(1):69-73; 7 ref.

Huang Yun; Chen YouLin, 1997. Hyperparasitism and biocontrol of Chaenomeles speciosa rust by Tuberculina vinosa from pear rust. Chinese Journal of Biological Control, 13(1):10-13; 7 ref.

Ishii H; Tomita Y; Horio T; Narusaka Y; Nakazawa Y; Nishimura K; Iwamoto S, 1999. Induced resistance of acibenzolar-S-methyl (CGA 245704) to cucumber and Japanese pear diseases. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 105(1):77-85; 26 ref.

Joseph E, 1981. Risks arising from the import of Bonsai plants with particular reference to Gymnosporangium asiaticum. EPPO Bulletin, 11(3):177-182

Kern FD, 1973. A Revised Taxonomic Account of Gymnosporangium. University Park, USA: Penn State University Press.

Kim SC; Kim CH, 1982. Studies on the disease of pear rust caused by Gymnosporangium harpanum Sydow II. Survey of juniper host and chemical control of pear rust. Korean Journal of Plant Protection, 21(4):207-210

Laundon G, 1977. Gymnosporangium asiaticum. CMI Descriptions of Pathogenic Fungi and Bacteria No. 541. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Lee DH, 1990. Protective and curative effects of ergosterol biosynthesis inhibitors against pear rust. Korean Journal of Plant Pathology, 6(3):343-351

Lee DH, 1990. Studies on the several factors in relation to pear rust infection caused by Gymnosporangium asiaticum Miyabe et Yamada. Korean Journal of Plant Pathology, 6(1):65-72

OEPP/EPPO, 2000. EPPO Standards PM 1/2(8) EPPO A1 and A2 lists of quarantine pests. In: EPPO Standards PM 1, General Phytosanitary Measures. Paris, France: EPPO, 5-17.

Ohyama H; Wada T; Ishikawa H; Chiba K, 1988. HF-6305, a new triazole fungicide. Brighton Crop Protection Conference. Pests and Diseases - 1988. Vol.2 Thornton Heath, UK; British Crop Protection Council, 519-526

Peterson RS, 1967. Studies of juniper rusts. The West Madrono, 19: 9-91.

Sakuma T, 1992. Pathogenic races of Gymnosporangium asiaticum on Japanese pear and pathogenicity to some species in genus Pyrus. Bulletin of the Fruit Tree Research Station, No. 22:67-78

Smith IM; Dunez J; Lelliott RA; Phillips DH; Archer SA(Editors), 1988. European handbook of plant diseases. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Scientific Publications.

Smith IM; McNamara DG; Scott PR; Holderness M, 1997. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization., Ed. 2:vii + 1425 pp.; many ref.

Tai FL, 1933. Pear rust caused by Gymnosporangium haraeanum and its control. Nanking Journal, No. 3:143-152.

Tanaka T, 1922. New Japanese fungi. Notes and translations XII. Mycologia, 14:282-287.

UK CAB International, 1992. Gymnosporangium asiaticum. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, October (Edition 2). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, Map 530.

Unemoto S; Murata A; Nagai Y, 1989. Dispersal of Japanese pear rust fungus, Gymnosporangium asiaticum Miyabe ex Yamada. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 55(2):250-253

Wang JC; Hu WF, 1997. Study on the occurrence of pear rust disease. South China Fruits, 26(2):40.

Wang K; Bai JK; Li DH; Deng GY, 1993. Identification and biological characteristics of Gymnosporangium asiaticum Miyabe ex Yamada f.sp. crataegicola infecting hawthorn. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica, 23(2):187-192

Xu HW; Zhu YP, 1997. Study on the occurrence of Gymnosporangium asiaticum in Hangzhou district and its control. China Fruits, No. 1:10-12.

Zhang BC; Huang YC, 1990. A list of important plant diseases in China. Review of Plant Pathology, 69(3):97-118

Zhang NT, 1990. Report of a national survey on diseases of urban ornamental plants. Forest Pest and Disease, No. 1:44-46

Ziller WG, 1974. The tree rusts of Western Canada. Victoria, BC, Canada: Canadian Forestry Service, 272 pp.

Distribution References

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO.

Hiratsuka N, 1975. Notes on the specific name of the cedar apples of pears and apples in Japan. Transactions of the Mycological Society of Japan. 16 (1), 90-92.

Kim S C, Kim C H, 1982. Studies on the disease of pear rust caused by Gymnosporangium haraeanum Sydow II. Survey of juniper host and chemical control of pear rust. Korean Journal of Plant Protection. 21 (4), 207-210.

NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013. Pest status of harmful organisms in the Netherlands., Wageningen, Netherlands:

UK, CAB International, 1992. Gymnosporangium asiaticum. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 530.

Unemoto S, Murata A, Nagai Y, 1989. Dispersal of Japanese pear rust fungus, Gymnosporangium asiaticum Miyabe ex Yamada. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan. 55 (2), 250-253. DOI:10.3186/jjphytopath.55.250

Xu HW, Zhu YP, 1997. Study on the occurrence of Gymnosporangium asiaticum in Hangzhou district and its control. In: China Fruits, 1 10-12.

Zhang B C, Huang Y C, 1990. A list of important plant diseases in China. Review of Plant Pathology. 69 (3), 97-118.

Zhang N T, 1990. Report of a national survey on diseases of urban ornamental plants. Forest Pest and Disease. 44-46.

Ziller W G, 1974. The tree rusts of Western Canada. Victoria, BC, Canadian Forestry Service, Dept. Environment. viii + 272 pp.

Distribution Maps

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