Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Guazuma ulmifolia
(bastard cedar)

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Datasheet

Guazuma ulmifolia (bastard cedar)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Guazuma ulmifolia
  • Preferred Common Name
  • bastard cedar
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Charcoal
  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Fuelwood
  • Ornamental
  • Revegetation

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
A small, branchy tree with a rounded crown up to 10 m in height (Comayagua Valley, central Honduras).
TitleTypical habit
CaptionA small, branchy tree with a rounded crown up to 10 m in height (Comayagua Valley, central Honduras).
CopyrightColin Hughes/OFI (Oxford, UK)
A small, branchy tree with a rounded crown up to 10 m in height (Comayagua Valley, central Honduras).
Typical habitA small, branchy tree with a rounded crown up to 10 m in height (Comayagua Valley, central Honduras).Colin Hughes/OFI (Oxford, UK)
G. ulmifolia is one of the most common and highly preferred farm trees in Mexico and Central America, providing both shade and highly nutritious fruits for animals during the dry season (coastal Oaxaca, southern Mexico).
TitleTree
CaptionG. ulmifolia is one of the most common and highly preferred farm trees in Mexico and Central America, providing both shade and highly nutritious fruits for animals during the dry season (coastal Oaxaca, southern Mexico).
CopyrightColin Hughes/OFI (Oxford, UK)
G. ulmifolia is one of the most common and highly preferred farm trees in Mexico and Central America, providing both shade and highly nutritious fruits for animals during the dry season (coastal Oaxaca, southern Mexico).
TreeG. ulmifolia is one of the most common and highly preferred farm trees in Mexico and Central America, providing both shade and highly nutritious fruits for animals during the dry season (coastal Oaxaca, southern Mexico).Colin Hughes/OFI (Oxford, UK)
G. ulmifolia tree, San Felipe Bacalar, Quintana Roo, Mexico.
TitleTree habit
CaptionG. ulmifolia tree, San Felipe Bacalar, Quintana Roo, Mexico.
CopyrightCarlos Rodriguez Franco
G. ulmifolia tree, San Felipe Bacalar, Quintana Roo, Mexico.
Tree habitG. ulmifolia tree, San Felipe Bacalar, Quintana Roo, Mexico.Carlos Rodriguez Franco
G. ulmifolia growing in pasture (Pedasi, Los Santos, Panama).
TitleNatural stand
CaptionG. ulmifolia growing in pasture (Pedasi, Los Santos, Panama).
CopyrightColin Hughes/OFI (Oxford, UK)
G. ulmifolia growing in pasture (Pedasi, Los Santos, Panama).
Natural standG. ulmifolia growing in pasture (Pedasi, Los Santos, Panama).Colin Hughes/OFI (Oxford, UK)
Three-year-old trial planting of G. ulmifolia at Chitre, Panama.  The trees are virtually leafless during the mid-dry season and there is a heavy litter layer.
TitleTrial planting
CaptionThree-year-old trial planting of G. ulmifolia at Chitre, Panama. The trees are virtually leafless during the mid-dry season and there is a heavy litter layer.
CopyrightColin Hughes/OFI (Oxford, UK)
Three-year-old trial planting of G. ulmifolia at Chitre, Panama.  The trees are virtually leafless during the mid-dry season and there is a heavy litter layer.
Trial plantingThree-year-old trial planting of G. ulmifolia at Chitre, Panama. The trees are virtually leafless during the mid-dry season and there is a heavy litter layer.Colin Hughes/OFI (Oxford, UK)
G. ulmifolia protected, cultivated and managed by pollarding in live fences in Los Santos, Panama.
TitleLive fence
CaptionG. ulmifolia protected, cultivated and managed by pollarding in live fences in Los Santos, Panama.
CopyrightColin Hughes/OFI (Oxford, UK)
G. ulmifolia protected, cultivated and managed by pollarding in live fences in Los Santos, Panama.
Live fenceG. ulmifolia protected, cultivated and managed by pollarding in live fences in Los Santos, Panama.Colin Hughes/OFI (Oxford, UK)
G. ulmifolia trunk and bark, San Felipe Bacalar, Quintana Roo, Mexico.
TitleStem
CaptionG. ulmifolia trunk and bark, San Felipe Bacalar, Quintana Roo, Mexico.
CopyrightCarlos Rodriguez Franco
G. ulmifolia trunk and bark, San Felipe Bacalar, Quintana Roo, Mexico.
StemG. ulmifolia trunk and bark, San Felipe Bacalar, Quintana Roo, Mexico.Carlos Rodriguez Franco
G. ulmifolia foliage, San Felipe Bacalar, Quintana Roo, Mexico.
TitleLeaves
CaptionG. ulmifolia foliage, San Felipe Bacalar, Quintana Roo, Mexico.
CopyrightCarlos Rodriguez Franco
G. ulmifolia foliage, San Felipe Bacalar, Quintana Roo, Mexico.
LeavesG. ulmifolia foliage, San Felipe Bacalar, Quintana Roo, Mexico.Carlos Rodriguez Franco
Flowers (pale greenish yellow, axillary and scented), and fruits, unripe (green) and ripe (black). Fruits are blackish, woody, globular, 5-celled capsules (Bolivar, Colombia).
TitleFlowers and fruits
CaptionFlowers (pale greenish yellow, axillary and scented), and fruits, unripe (green) and ripe (black). Fruits are blackish, woody, globular, 5-celled capsules (Bolivar, Colombia).
CopyrightColin Hughes/OFI (Oxford, UK)
Flowers (pale greenish yellow, axillary and scented), and fruits, unripe (green) and ripe (black). Fruits are blackish, woody, globular, 5-celled capsules (Bolivar, Colombia).
Flowers and fruitsFlowers (pale greenish yellow, axillary and scented), and fruits, unripe (green) and ripe (black). Fruits are blackish, woody, globular, 5-celled capsules (Bolivar, Colombia).Colin Hughes/OFI (Oxford, UK)
G. ulmifolia leaves are highly palatable and used occasionally as a low quality, dry season livestock fodder (coastal Oaxaca, southern Mexico).
TitleForage
CaptionG. ulmifolia leaves are highly palatable and used occasionally as a low quality, dry season livestock fodder (coastal Oaxaca, southern Mexico).
CopyrightColin Hughes/OFI (Oxford, UK)
G. ulmifolia leaves are highly palatable and used occasionally as a low quality, dry season livestock fodder (coastal Oaxaca, southern Mexico).
ForageG. ulmifolia leaves are highly palatable and used occasionally as a low quality, dry season livestock fodder (coastal Oaxaca, southern Mexico).Colin Hughes/OFI (Oxford, UK)

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Guazuma ulmifolia Lam.

Preferred Common Name

  • bastard cedar

Other Scientific Names

  • Guazuma coriacea Rusby
  • Guazuma guazuma (L.) Cockerell
  • Guazuma invira (Willd.) G. Don
  • Guazuma polybotrya Cav.
  • Guazuma tomentosa H. B. & K.
  • Guazuma utilis Poepp. & Endl.
  • Theobroma guazuma L.

International Common Names

  • English: bay cedar; pigeon wood; West Indian elm
  • Spanish: bacedar; bolaina negra; cabiza de negro; camba-aca; coco; contamal; cuaulote; guacima; guácimo; guazuma; lumanasi; majagua de toto; papayillo; tablote; tapaculo
  • French: bois d'orme; orme d'Amerique

Local Common Names

  • Brazil: araticum-bravo; cabeça-de-negro; camaca; cambá-aça; embira; embira; embireira; embiru; envireira; fruta de macaco; fruta-de-macaco; guanaca; guaxima-macho; guaxima-torcida; ibiscuma; ibixuma; matambu; motamba; mutamba; mutamba; mutamba-verdadeira; mutambo; pau-de-bicho; pau-de-montanha; pau-de-mutamba; pau-de-pomba; periquiteira; piriquiteira; pojó
  • Mexico: acashti; ajilla; ajya; aquich; aquiche; kabal-pixoy; k'olin kakaw; nocuana-yana; palote negro; parandesicua; pixoy; tzuni; tzuyui; uiguie; ya-ana; yaco de venado; yaco granidillo; zan-mi

EPPO code

  • GUZUL (Guazuma ulmifolia)

Trade name

  • guazima firewood

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Malvales
  •                         Family: Sterculiaceae
  •                             Genus: Guazuma
  •                                 Species: Guazuma ulmifolia

Uses List

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Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed

Environmental

  • Revegetation

Fuels

  • Charcoal
  • Fuelwood

General

  • Ornamental

Human food and beverage

  • Honey/honey flora

Materials

  • Carved material
  • Miscellaneous materials
  • Wood/timber

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Traditional/folklore

Wood Products

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Charcoal

Containers

  • Boxes
  • Crates

Woodware

  • Industrial and domestic woodware
  • Tool handles