Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa
(European mole cricket)

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Datasheet

Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 24 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa
  • Preferred Common Name
  • European mole cricket
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
  • Summary of Invasiveness
  • G. gryllotalpa is not invasive and occurs throughout much of Europe, northern Africa and western Asia, but is thought to be declining throughout its range. In the UK, G. gryllotalpa is listed as 'endangered' in the GB Red List, and is protected under...

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); egg chamber.
TitleEgg chamber
CaptionGryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); egg chamber.
Copyright©Radoslav Andreev & I. Manolov/Agricultural University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); egg chamber.
Egg chamberGryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); egg chamber.©Radoslav Andreev & I. Manolov/Agricultural University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); second, third- and fourth-instar nymphs and adult.
TitleLife stages
CaptionGryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); second, third- and fourth-instar nymphs and adult.
Copyright©Radoslav Andreev & I. Manolov/Agricultural University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); second, third- and fourth-instar nymphs and adult.
Life stagesGryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); second, third- and fourth-instar nymphs and adult.©Radoslav Andreev & I. Manolov/Agricultural University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); adult female.
TitleAdult
CaptionGryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); adult female.
Copyright©Radoslav Andreev & I. Manolov/Agricultural University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); adult female.
AdultGryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); adult female.©Radoslav Andreev & I. Manolov/Agricultural University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); adult males are 35-41 mm long and females 40-46 mm long.
TitleAdult
CaptionGryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); adult males are 35-41 mm long and females 40-46 mm long.
Copyright©Radoslav Andreev & I. Manolov/Agricultural University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); adult males are 35-41 mm long and females 40-46 mm long.
AdultGryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); adult males are 35-41 mm long and females 40-46 mm long.©Radoslav Andreev & I. Manolov/Agricultural University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); anterior view of an adult.
TitleAdult
CaptionGryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); anterior view of an adult.
Copyright©Radoslav Andreev/Agricultural University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); anterior view of an adult.
AdultGryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); anterior view of an adult.©Radoslav Andreev/Agricultural University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); hind tibia and abdomen of an adult. The wings are also visible.
TitleAdult
CaptionGryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); hind tibia and abdomen of an adult. The wings are also visible.
Copyright©Radoslav Andreev/Agricultural University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); hind tibia and abdomen of an adult. The wings are also visible.
AdultGryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); hind tibia and abdomen of an adult. The wings are also visible.©Radoslav Andreev/Agricultural University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); wings of an adult.
TitleAdult
CaptionGryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); wings of an adult.
Copyright©Radoslav Andreev/Agricultural University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); wings of an adult.
AdultGryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); wings of an adult.©Radoslav Andreev/Agricultural University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); tunnelling among seedlings.
TitleTunnelling
CaptionGryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); tunnelling among seedlings.
Copyright©Radoslav Andreev/Agricultural University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); tunnelling among seedlings.
TunnellingGryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); tunnelling among seedlings.©Radoslav Andreev/Agricultural University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); tunnelling in wet soil.
TitleTunnelling
CaptionGryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); tunnelling in wet soil.
Copyright©Radoslav Andreev/Agricultural University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); tunnelling in wet soil.
TunnellingGryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); tunnelling in wet soil.©Radoslav Andreev/Agricultural University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); tunnel, sectioned.
TitleTunnel
CaptionGryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); tunnel, sectioned.
Copyright©Radoslav Andreev/Agricultural University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); tunnel, sectioned.
TunnelGryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); tunnel, sectioned.©Radoslav Andreev/Agricultural University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); potatoes damaged by G. gryllotalpa.
TitleCrop damage
CaptionGryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); potatoes damaged by G. gryllotalpa.
Copyright©Radoslav Andreev & I. Manolov/Agricultural University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); potatoes damaged by G. gryllotalpa.
Crop damageGryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); potatoes damaged by G. gryllotalpa.©Radoslav Andreev & I. Manolov/Agricultural University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (Linnaeus, 1758)

Preferred Common Name

  • European mole cricket

Other Scientific Names

  • Curtilla gryllotalpa
  • Gryllotalpa vulgaris Latreille
  • Gryllus gryllotalpus

International Common Names

  • English: mole cricket
  • Spanish: alacran; alacran cebollero; grillotopo; grillo-topo
  • French: coutilliere; taupe-grillon; taupette
  • Russian: medvedka
  • Portuguese: ralo

Local Common Names

  • Australia: jarr worm
  • Bulgaria: popovo prase
  • Croatia: mrmak; rovac; vrlac
  • Czech Republic: krtono ka obecn
  • Denmark: jordkrebs
  • Estonia: kaerasori
  • Finland: myyraesirkka
  • Germany: maulwurfsgrille, Europaeische; werre, Europaeische; werre, maulwurfsgrille
  • Hungary: lótücsök
  • Italy: croccia; grillotalpa; rufola; succaiola; zuccaiola
  • Latvia: zemesvezis
  • Netherlands: veenmol
  • Norway: jordsiriss
  • Poland: turkuc podjadek
  • Serbia: mrmak; podzemni rovac; rovac
  • Slovenia: bramor
  • Sweden: mullvadssyrsa
  • Turkey: misirda danaburnu

EPPO code

  • GRYTGR (Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa)

Summary of Invasiveness

Top of page G. gryllotalpa is not invasive and occurs throughout much of Europe, northern Africa and western Asia, but is thought to be declining throughout its range. In the UK, G. gryllotalpa is listed as 'endangered' in the GB Red List, and is protected under schedule five of the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981. Once widespread throughout Great Britain, the mole cricket may now be close to extinction. The reasons for this dramatic decline include changes in agricultural practices and the widespread use of pesticides, drainage of wetlands and reduction of grazing or conversion to silage on damp meadows (Sheppard and Marshall, 2004).

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Orthoptera
  •                         Family: Gryllotalpidae
  •                             Genus: Gryllotalpa
  •                                 Species: Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresentIntroducedDoumandji et al. (1992)
EgyptPresentIntroducedEl-Kifl et al. (1970); Shaheen (1977)

Asia

ArmeniaPresent, WidespreadNativeHristovski (1972)
AzerbaijanPresent, WidespreadNativeSamedov (1975)
GeorgiaPresent, WidespreadNativeSikharulidze (1975)
IndiaPresentNativeMandal et al. (1983)
-ManipurPresentNativeSingh et al. (1998)
IranPresent, WidespreadNativeAmrine (2003); Hamshahri (2004)
KuwaitPresentNativeCABI (Undated)Original citation: Anon. (2005b)
TurkeyPresent, WidespreadNativeAsena (1972); Hristovski (1978)
TurkmenistanPresent, WidespreadNativeMinailova (1978)
UzbekistanPresent, WidespreadNativeErgashev (1977)

Europe

AlbaniaPresent, WidespreadNativeHristovski (1978)
AustriaPresentNativeBerger (1984)
BelgiumPresentNativeJanssens (2004)
BulgariaPresent, WidespreadNativeGrigorov (1976)
CroatiaPresent, WidespreadNativeKovacevic (1956)
CzechoslovakiaPresent, WidespreadNativeMusil-Daòkovský (1884); Dobsik (1959)
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresent, WidespreadNativeKovacevic (1956); Camprag (1977)
DenmarkPresentNativeCABI (Undated)Original citation: Nielson, 2000
EstoniaPresentNativeHospers (2003)
FrancePresent, WidespreadNativeLechevallier and Stallegger (2004)
GermanyPresent, WidespreadNativeSchreiber (2004)
GreecePresent, WidespreadNativeKaltenbach (1965); Hristovski (1978)
HungaryPresent, WidespreadNativeCamprag (1977)
ItalyPresent, WidespreadNativeVolponi (2004)
LatviaPresentNativeSpungis and Kalnins (2002)
MoldovaPresentNativeBORM (2004)
NetherlandsPresentNativeTempelman (2002)
North MacedoniaPresent, WidespreadNativeLees and Hristovski (1970)
NorwayPresent, Few occurrencesIntroduced1938CABI (Undated)Original citation: Anon. (2001)
PolandPresentNativeCABI (Undated)Original citation: Anon. (2005c)
PortugalPresentNativeFarino and Muddeman (2003)
RomaniaPresent, WidespreadNativeCamprag (1977); CABI (Undated)
RussiaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-Central RussiaPresent, WidespreadNative1938Shevirev (2004)
-Northern RussiaPresentNative1938Shevirev (2004)
-Southern RussiaPresent, WidespreadNative1938Shevirev (2004)
-Western SiberiaPresentNative1938Shevirev (2004)
SloveniaPresent, WidespreadNativeTrontelj (1999)
SpainPresent, WidespreadNativeLaverdad (2004); CABI (Undated)
SwedenPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedBerglund (2001)
SwitzerlandPresentNativeArlettaz et al. (1988)
UkrainePresent, WidespreadNativeBogarada (1975)
United KingdomPresentNativeSheppard and Marshall (2004)

North America

United StatesPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-FloridaPresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)Original citation: Anon. (2005a)
-MassachusettsPresentIntroducedInvasiveFrank et al. (2004)
-New JerseyPresentIntroduced1915InvasiveWEISS (1915); Frank et al. (2004)
-New YorkPresentIntroducedInvasiveFrank et al. (2004)
-PennsylvaniaPresentIntroducedInvasiveFrank et al. (2004)

Habitat List

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CategorySub-CategoryHabitatPresenceStatus
Terrestrial

Growth Stages

Top of page Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Roots / external feeding
Stems / external feeding
Vegetative organs / external feeding
Whole plant / cut at stem base
Whole plant / external feeding
Whole plant / uprooted or toppled

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Bubulcus ibis Predator Adults/Nymphs
Gryllonema bispiculata Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Larra anathema Parasite Nymphs
Metarhizium anisopliae Pathogen Adults/Larvae
Mirzaiella asiatica Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Stomachicola multiornata Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Talpicola pseudornata Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Thelastoma korsakowi Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Thelastoma skrjabini Parasite Adults/Nymphs

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes adults; nymphs Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Roots adults; nymphs Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Growing medium accompanying plants
Leaves
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

Wood Packaging

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Wood Packaging not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Loose wood packing material
Non-wood
Processed or treated wood
Solid wood packing material with bark
Solid wood packing material without bark

References

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Abdel-Kawi F, Abdel-Galil FA, 1986. Termitophiles insects associated with sand termite in arid ecosystems (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Bulletin de la Societe Entomologique d'Egypte, No. 66:293-298

Akimushkin I, 1993. Grasshoppers, crickets and mole crickets. In: Akimushkin I, ed. Animal World - Insects, Spiders and Domestic Animals. Moscow, Russia: Misal, 49-56.

Alhudaib KA, 2004. Red Palm Weevil Home: Diseases and Pests of Palm. Online. http://www.redpalmweevil.com/Diseases/insleaves.htm.

Alma A, 2001. Turf grass insects. Informatore Fitopatologico, 51(1/2):25-29; 7 ref.

Amrine J, 2003. Bibliography of the Eriophyidae: A working bibliography of the literature on Eriophyidae of the World. Department of Entomology, Texas A&M University, USA. Online. http://insects.tamu.edu/research/collection/hallan/acari/.

Andreev R, 2002. Agricultural Entomology for Everyone on CD-ROM. Plovdiv, Bulgaria: Agricultural University.

Anon., 2001. Jordsiriss Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (Linnaeus, 1758). The Natural History Museums and Botanical Garden, Tøyen, Norway. Online. http://www.toyen.uio.no/norort/orthoptera/jordsirisss.html.

Anon., 2004. El cultivo del tabaco. InfoAgro, Argentina, Chile, Mexico, Spain. Online. http://www.infoagro.com/herbaceos/industriales/tabaco.htm.

Anon., 2004. Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa Latreille: Mole cricket. HYPP (Hypermédia en Protection des Plantes) Zoology, Paris, France. Online. http://www.inra.fr/Internet/Produits/HYPPZ/RAVAGEUR/6grygry.htm.

Anon., 2004. Insecte forestiere: Lista sistematica a celor mai importante specii de insecte forestiere din Romania. Regia Nationala a Padurilor, Romania. Online. http://www.rosilva.ro/protectie/insecte.html.

Anon., 2004. Mole cricket - Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa, cricket. Coastal Floodland and Grazing Marsh. UK: Our South West. Online. http://www.oursouthwest.com/Wild_Hab/zSpecies/Mole%20Cricket/cricket.htm. Accessed on 24 February 2005.

Anon., 2004. New Zealand SPS notifications and notified documents. Biosecurity New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand. Online. http://www.biosecurity.govt.nz/sps/transparency/notifications/nzl272-ft.pdf.

Anon., 2005. Fauna of the Theodore Roosevelt Area. Jacksonville, Florida, USA. Online. http://www.nps.gov/timu/indepth/tra/TRA%20fauna.pdf.

Anon., 2005. State of Kuwait: Public Authority of Agriculture Affairs & Fish Resources. State of Kuwait. Online. http://www.paaf.gov.kw/palm_afat.html.

Anon., 2005. Wigry National Park official website: Terrestrial Insects. Poland. Online. http://www.wigry.win.pl/owadyladowe/wiadt_en.htm.

Arkhipov GE, 1984. The mole cricket. Zashchita Rasteni, No. 4:56-57

Arlettaz R, 1996. Feeding behaviour and foraging strategy of free-living mouse-eared bats, Myotis myotis and Myotis blythii. Animal Behaviour, 51:1-11.

Arlettaz R, Curchod J, Thorens P, 1988. La Courtilière, Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa L. (Insecta, Orthoptera), proie du Grand Murin ou Petit Murin, Myotis myotis/Myotis blythii. Le Rhinolophe, 5:14-15.

Asena N, 1972. Investigations on vegetable pests in west and south-west Anatolia. Plant Protection Research Annual, 9:134-135.

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BORM, 2004. Evaluarea necesitatilor de dezvoltare a capacitatilor de operare în domeniul conservarii biodiversitatii si identificarea prioritatilor nationale. Online. http://bsapm.dnt.md/Romana/Noutati/Agrobiodiversitate.pdf.

Broza M, Blondheim S, Nevo E, 1998. New species of mole crickets of the Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa group (Orthoptera: Gryllotalpidae) from Israel, based on morphology, song recordings, chromosomes and cuticular hydrocarbons, with comments on the distribution of the group in Europe and the Mediterranean region. Systematic Entomology, 23(2):125-135; 35 ref.

Camprag D, 1977. Pests attacking the underground parts of field crops. Stetocine podzemnih organa ratarskih kultura. Institut za Zastitu Bilja. Novi Sad Yugoslavia, 1-210

Carvalho PAF de, Spiridonov SE, 1991. Paracameronia caucasica gen. nov., sp. nov. (Oxyurida: Thelastomatidae) intestinal nematode of mole cricket from Azerbaijan. Nematologia Mediterranea, 19(1):47-49

Denisenko MK, 1986. An effective method of control of the mole cricket. Zashchita Rastenii, No. 10:51

Dobsik B, 1959. Rád rovnokrídlí - Orthoptera. [The order Orthoptera]. In: Kratochvíl J, ed. Klíc zvíreny CSR. Díl III. [Key to the fauna of Czechoslovakia. Part III.]. Praha: CSAV, 195-216.

Doss SA, 1984. Relative susceptibility of seventeen potato varieties to infestations by three insect pests in the field and the density of potato tuber moth infestation in stores. Bulletin de la Societe Entomologique d'Egypte, No. 65:157-167

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Lechevallier A, Stallegger P, 2004. La Courtilière - Une Espèce Menacée en Normandie? La Flamme Verte, France. Online. http://www.ubiquiste.org/article.php3?id_article=7.

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Loutfy MS, Badawy BA, El-Malki KG, El-Wahed SAA, 1977. Studies on the effect of certain insecticides on the mole cricket Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa L. in cotton. Orthoptera, Gryllidae. Agricultural Research Review, 55(1):193-195

Lozzia GC, Furlanis C, Manachini B, 2001. Observations on the biology of golf pest insects. Informatore Fitopatologico, 51(1/2):50-54; 11 ref.

Mandal S, Choudhuri A, Choudhuri DK, 1983. Activity and distribution of five digestive enzymes in the gut of Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa Curtis (Gryllotalpidae: Orthoptera) after allatectomy, brain cauterization and juvenoid treatment. Australian Journal of Zoology, 31(2):139-146

McPartland JM, 1996. Cannabis pests. Journal of the International Hemp Association, 3(2):49, 52-55; 40 ref.

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Minailova NM, 1978. Nematodes of Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa. Parazitologiya, 12(2):135-137

Minoranskii VA, 1970. The action of irrigation on the complex of insects in beet fields. Savremena Poljoprivreda, 18(11-12):67-74.

Musil-Daòkovský E, 1884. Krtonozka obecná (Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa). Vesmír, 13:246.

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