Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Naupactus leucoloma
(whitefringed weevil)

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Datasheet

Naupactus leucoloma (whitefringed weevil)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 10 December 2020
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Naupactus leucoloma
  • Preferred Common Name
  • whitefringed weevil
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Adults are around 12 mm in length. Note the characteristic lateral white band along the margins of the elytra, and two pale longitudinal lines on each side of the thorax and head (one above and below the eye).
TitleAdult
CaptionAdults are around 12 mm in length. Note the characteristic lateral white band along the margins of the elytra, and two pale longitudinal lines on each side of the thorax and head (one above and below the eye).
CopyrightAgriculture Western Australia
Adults are around 12 mm in length. Note the characteristic lateral white band along the margins of the elytra, and two pale longitudinal lines on each side of the thorax and head (one above and below the eye).
AdultAdults are around 12 mm in length. Note the characteristic lateral white band along the margins of the elytra, and two pale longitudinal lines on each side of the thorax and head (one above and below the eye).Agriculture Western Australia
Late-instar larva. Fully grown larvae are about 13 mm long.
TitleLarva
CaptionLate-instar larva. Fully grown larvae are about 13 mm long.
CopyrightAgriculture Western Australia
Late-instar larva. Fully grown larvae are about 13 mm long.
LarvaLate-instar larva. Fully grown larvae are about 13 mm long.Agriculture Western Australia

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Naupactus leucoloma Boheman

Preferred Common Name

  • whitefringed weevil

Other Scientific Names

  • Graphognathus leucoloma Boheman
  • Pantomorus leucoloma Boheman

International Common Names

  • English: beetle, whitefringed; weevil, whitefringed
  • Spanish: gorgojo de la alfalfa; gorgulho argentino; mulitas

EPPO code

  • GRAGLE (Naupactus leucoloma)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Curculionidae
  •                             Genus: Naupactus
  •                                 Species: Naupactus leucoloma

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 12 May 2022
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

South AfricaPresent, Localized

Europe

PortugalPresent, Few occurrences
-AzoresPresentIntroduced2003
SloveniaAbsent

North America

United StatesPresent, Localized
-AlabamaPresent, Widespread
-ArkansasPresent, Localized
-CaliforniaPresent, Localized
-FloridaPresent, Localized1936
-GeorgiaPresent, Widespread
-HawaiiPresentIntroduced2013
-IllinoisPresent, Localized
-KentuckyPresent, Localized
-LouisianaPresent, Localized
-MississippiPresent, Widespread
-MissouriPresent, Localized
-New MexicoPresent
-North CarolinaPresent, Localized
-South CarolinaPresent, Localized
-TennesseePresent, Localized
-TexasPresent
-VirginiaPresent, Localized

Oceania

AustraliaPresentIntroduced1929
-New South WalesPresent, Widespread1932
-QueenslandPresent
-South AustraliaPresent
-TasmaniaPresent
-VictoriaPresent, Widespread
-Western AustraliaPresent
New ZealandPresentIntroduced1944
Norfolk IslandPresent

South America

ArgentinaPresent, Widespread
BrazilPresent
-Rio Grande do SulPresent
ChilePresent
-Easter IslandPresent
PeruPresent
UruguayPresent

Growth Stages

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Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / external feeding
Roots / external feeding
Vegetative organs / external feeding
Vegetative organs / internal feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Conoderus exsul Predator New Zealand pasture plants
Heterorhabditis Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Hexamermis Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Paecilomyces farinosus Pathogen
Passer domesticus Predator
Rhabditis hambletoni Parasite
Steinernema feltiae Parasite

References

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Ahmad R, 1974. Studies on Graphognathus leucoloma (Boh.) Col.: Curculionidae) and its natural enemies in the central provinces of Argentina. Technical Bulletin, Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control, No.17:19-28

Anderson DM, Anderson WH, 1973. A key to separate larvae of the whitefringed beetles, Graphognathus species, from larvae of closely related species (Coleoptera, Curculionidae). Cooperative Economic Insect Report, 23(49/52):797-800

Anon., 1980. List of pests, plant diseases and weeds for the control of which quarantine measures exist. Zashchita Rastenii, 11:20-21.

Berry PA, 1947. Investigations on the white-fringed beetle group in South America. Journal of Economic Entomology, 40:705-709.

Boutwell JL, Watson DL, 1978. Estimating and evaluating economic losses by white-fringed beetles on peanuts. Bulletin of the Entomological Society of America, 24(2):157-159

Crisp J, Sproul AN, Sivyer MW, Webb M, Price AD, Learmonth SE, 1992. Chemical control of the whitefringed weevil Graphognathus leucloma (Boh.) in potato crops (1978/79-1987/88). Miscellaneous Publication, Perth, Australia: Western Australian Department of Agriculture.

Duran ML, Halffter G, 1972. Problems in agricultural entomology in southern Chile. Seventh National Congress of Entomology, Mexico, D. F. Agricultural entomology : miscellaneous crops. Folia Entomologica Mexicana, 45-46.

East R, 1977. Effects of pasture and forage crop species on longevity, fecundity, and oviposition rate of adult white-fringed weevils Graphognathus leucoloma (Boheman). New Zealand Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 5(2):177-181

East R, 1982. Interactions between whitefringed weevil Graphognathus leucoloma and legume species in the northern North Island. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 25(1):131-140

East R, King PD, 1977. Effects of botanical composition of pastures on insect pest populations. New Zealand Entomologist, 6(3):273-278

East R, Welsh RD, Miller CM, 1975. Control of white-fringed weevil adults with insecticides. In: Hartley MJ, ed. Proceedings of the Twenty-eighth New Zealand Weed and Pest Control Conference, Angus Inn, Hastings, August 5 to 7, 1975. Hamilton, New Zealand: New Zealand Weed and Pest Control Society, Inc., 213-216

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Gough N, Brown JD, 1991. Development of larvae of the whitefringed weevil, Graphognathus leucoloma (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in northern Queensland. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 81(4):385-393

Gross HR Jr, Harlan DP, 1975. Evaluation of preventative adulticide treatments for control of whitefringed beetles. Journal of Economic Entomology, 68(3):366-368

Gross HR, Mitchell JA, Shaw ZA, Padgett GR, 1972. Extended storage of eggs of whitefringed beetles. Journal of Economic Entomology, 65:731-733.

Harlan DP, Dutky SR, Padgett GR, Mitchell JA, Shaw ZA, Bartlett FJ, 1971. Parasitism of Neoaplectana dutkyi in white-fringed beetle larvae. Journal of Nematology, 3(3):280-283

King PD, East R, 1980. Effects of pasture composition on the dynamics of Heteronychus arator and Graphognathus leucoloma populations (Coleoptera: Scarabpidae and Curculionidae). In: Crosby TK, Pottinger RP, ed. Proceedings of the 2nd Australasian conference on grassland invertebrate ecology. Palmerston North, New Zealand 22-26 May 1978. Wellington, New Zealand: Government Printer, 79-82

King PD, Meekings JS, Mercer CF, 1982. Effects of whitefringed weevil (Graphognathus leucoloma) and black beetle (Heteronychus arator) populations on pasture species. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 25(3):405-414

Lanteri AA, 1984. On the existence of male specimens of the species Graphognathus peregrinus Buchanan (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Revista de la Sociedad Entomologica Argentina, 43(1/4):164

Lanteri AA, Bigolin M, Río MGdel, Guedes JVC, 2013. On the presence of five species of Naupactini (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) damaging soybean in Brazil. Neotropical Entomology, 42(3):325-327. http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13744-013-0127-3

Lanteri AA, Marvaldi AE, 1995. Graphognathus Buchanan a new synonym of Naupactus Dejean and systematics of the N. leucoloma species group (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Coleopterists Bulletin, 49(3):206-228; [37 Ref.].

Learmonth SE, Sproul AN, 1988. Pasture rotation - the main source of insect pest problems in Western Australian potato crops. In: Stahle PP, ed. Proceedings of the 5th Australasian Conference on Grassland Invertebrate Ecology. Melbourne, Australia: D & D Printing, 163-168.

Matthiessen JN, 1991. Population phenology of whitefringed weevil, Graphognathus leucoloma (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in pasture in a Mediterranean-climate region of Australia. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 81(3):283-289

Matthiessen JN, Desmarchelier JM, Vu LT, Shackleton MA, 1996. Comparative efficacy of fumigants against hatchling whitefringed beetle (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) larvae and their sorption by soil. Journal of Economic Entomology, 89(6):1372-1378; 29 ref.

Matthiessen JN, Kirkegaard JA, 1997. Biofumigation - the use of bioactive rotation and cover crops for suppression of soil-borne pests and diseases. In: Allsopp PG, Rogers DJ, Robertson LN eds. Soil invertebrates in 1997. Proceedings of the 3rd Brisbane Workshop on Soil Invertebrates. Indooroopilly, Australia: Bureau of Sugar Experiment Stations, 119-123.

Matthiessen JN, Learmonth SE, 1992. Enhanced survival and reproduction of whitefringed beetle (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) with irrigation of pasture in a dry summer environment. Journal of Economic Entomology, 85(6):2228-2233

Matthiessen JN, Learmonth SE, 1995. Impact of the soil insects African black beetle, Heteronychus arator (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) and whitefringed weevil, Graphognathus leucoloma (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), on potatoes and effects of soil insecticide treatments in south-western Australia. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 85(1):101-111

May BM, 1966. Identification of the immature forms of some common soil-inhabiting weevils, with notes on their biology. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 9(2):286-316.

May BM, 1977. Immature stages of Curculionidae: Larvae of the soil-dwelling weevils of New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 7(2):189-228.

Morton JD, Roberts E, 1978. Effects of soil moisture and white-fringed weevil larvae (Graphognathus leucoloma Boh.) on young lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) plants. New Zealand Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 6(3):251-255

Nel JJC, Walters MC, Pretorius MW, 1974. Pests of pastures. Entomology Memoir, Department of Agricultural Technical Services, Republic of South Africa, No. 41:12 pp.

Ottens RJ, Todd JW, 1979. Effects of host plant on fecundity, longevity, and oviposition rate of a whitefringed beetle. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 72(6):837-839

Ottens RJ, Todd JW, 1980. Leaf area consumption of cotton, peanuts, and soybeans by adult Graphognathus peregrinus and G. leucoloma. Journal of Economic Entomology, 73(1):55-57

Sexton SB, Williams P, 1981. A natural occurrence of parasitism of Graphognathus leucoloma (Boheman) by the nematode Heterorhabditis sp. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society, 20(3):253-255

Sites RW, Thorvilson HG, 1988. The first records of the whitefringed beetle, Graphognathus leucoloma (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in New Mexico and Texas. Florida Entomologist, 71(4):657-659

Swain RB, 1943. Nematode parasites of the white-fringed beetles. Journal of Economic Entomology, 36:671-673.

Warner RE, 1975. New synonyms, key, and distribution of Graphognathus, whitefringed beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in North America. US Department of Agriculture Cooperative Economic Insect Report, 25:855-860.

Watson, J. R. , 1937. Naupactus leucoloma (Coleoptera, Cureulionidae) a Pest new to the United States. Florida Entomologist, 20(1), 1-3 pp. doi: 10.2307/3492575

Wouts WM, 1980. Biology, life cycle and redescription of Neoaplectana bibionis Bovien, 1937 (Nematoda: Steinernematidae). Journal of Nematology, 12(1):62-72

Young HC, App BA, 1939. Biology of the white-fringed beetle (Naupactus leucoloma Boh.). US Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, E-464.

Young HC, App BA, Gill JB, Hollingsworth HS, 1950. White-fringed beetles and how to combat them. US Department of Agriculture, Circular 850.

Zehnder GW, 1997. Population dynamics of whitefringed beetle (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on sweet potato in Alabama. Environmental Entomology, 26(4):727-735; 23 ref.

Zehnder GW, Briggs TH, Pitts JA, 1998. Management of whitefringed beetle (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) grub damage to sweet potato with adulticide treatments. Journal of Economic Entomology, 91(3):708-714; 23 ref.

Distribution References

Berry P A, 1947. Investigations on the White-fringed Beetle Group in South America. Journal of Economic Entomology. 40 (5), 705-709 pp. DOI:10.1093/jee/40.5.705

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Duran M L, 1972. Problems in agricultural entomology in southern Chile. (Problemas de la entomologia agricola en Chile austral.). Folia Entomologica Mexicana. 45-46.

East R, 1977. Effects of pasture and forage crop species on longevity, fecundity, and oviposition rate of adult white-fringed weevils Graphognathus leucoloma (Boheman). New Zealand Journal of Experimental Agriculture. 5 (2), 177-181.

EPPO, 2022. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO. 1 pp. https://gd.eppo.int/

Gough N, Brown J D, 1991. Development of larvae of the whitefringed weevil, Graphognathus leucoloma (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in northern Queensland. Bulletin of Entomological Research. 81 (4), 385-393. DOI:10.1017/S0007485300031941

Hardwick S, Armstrong K F, Wratten S D, Prestidge R A, 1997. Genetic comparison of whitefringed weevil species and populations by RAPD-PCR. In: Proceedings of the Fiftieth New Zealand Plant Protection Conference, Lincoln University, Canterbury, New Zealand, 18-21 August, 1997. [Proceedings of the Fiftieth New Zealand Plant Protection Conference, Lincoln University, Canterbury, New Zealand, 18-21 August, 1997.], [ed. by O'Callaghan M]. Rotorua, New Zealand: New Zealand Plant Protection Society. 327-332.

Lanteri A A, Bigolin M, Río M G del, Guedes J V C, 2013. On the presence of five species of Naupactini (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) damaging soybean in Brazil. Neotropical Entomology. 42 (3), 325-327. http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13744-013-0127-3 DOI:10.1007/s13744-013-0127-3

Lanteri A A, Marvaldi A E, 1995. Graphognathus Buchanan a new synonym of Naupactus Dejean and systematics of the N. leucoloma species group (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Coleopterists Bulletin. 49 (3), 206-228.

Matthiessen J N, 1991. Population phenology of whitefringed weevil, Graphognathus leucoloma (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in pasture in a Mediterranean-climate region of Australia. Bulletin of Entomological Research. 81 (3), 283-289. DOI:10.1017/S0007485300033551

Seebens H, Blackburn T M, Dyer E E, Genovesi P, Hulme P E, Jeschke J M, Pagad S, Pyšek P, Winter M, Arianoutsou M, Bacher S, Blasius B, Brundu G, Capinha C, Celesti-Grapow L, Dawson W, Dullinger S, Fuentes N, Jäger H, Kartesz J, Kenis M, Kreft H, Kühn I, Lenzner B, Liebhold A, Mosena A (et al), 2017. No saturation in the accumulation of alien species worldwide. Nature Communications. 8 (2), 14435. http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14435

Sites R W, Thorvilson H G, 1988. The first records of the whitefringed beetle, Graphognathus leucoloma (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in New Mexico and Texas. Florida Entomologist. 71 (4), 657-659. DOI:10.2307/3495025

UK, CAB International, 1964. Graphognathus leucoloma. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 179. DOI:10.1079/DMPP/20056600179

Voss S C, Poly W J, 2002. First record of a whitefringed beetle, Naupactus leucoloma Boheman, 1840 (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in Illinois. Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science. 95 (2), 141-142.

Warner RE, 1975. New synonyms, key, and distribution of Graphognathus, whitefringed beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in North America. In: US Department of Agriculture Cooperative Economic Insect Report, 25 855-860.

Watson J R, 1937. Naupactus leucoloma (Coleoptera, Cureulionidae) a Pest new to the United States. Florida Entomologist. 20 (1), 1-3 pp. DOI:10.2307/3492575

Zehnder G W, 1997. Population dynamics of whitefringed beetle (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on sweet potato in Alabama. Environmental Entomology. 26 (4), 727-735. DOI:10.1093/ee/26.4.727

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